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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229267/prevalence-of-incorrect-body-posture-in-children-and-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#1
Katarzyna Maciałczyk-Paprocka, Barbara Stawińska-Witoszyńska, Tomasz Kotwicki, Anna Sowińska, Alicja Krzyżaniak, Jarosław Walkowiak, Małgorzata Krzywińska-Wiewiorowska
The ever increasing epidemics of overweight and obesity in school children may be one of the reasons of the growing numbers of children with incorrect body posture. The purpose of the study was the assessment of the prevalence of incorrect body posture in children and adolescents with overweight and obesity in Poznań, Poland. The population subject to study consisted of 2732 boys and girls aged 3-18 with obesity, overweight, and standard body mass. The assessment of body mass was performed based on BMI, adopting Cole's cutoff values...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182859/radiographic-study-of-pes-planovarus
#2
Janic Aebi, Monika Horisberger, Arno Frigg
BACKGROUND: Depending on the direction of the subtalar joint, a foot deformity generally tends towards pronation (pes planovalgus) or supination (pes cavovarus). However, the combination of hindfoot varus and flat midfoot/forefoot (pes planovarus) is an exception to this rule. Pes planovarus has so far only been referred to in connection with Müller-Weiss disease and congenital disease. We diagnosed pes planovarus in otherwise healthy patients without these diseases. METHODS: Forty patients with 54 symptomatic feet who were treated between August 2012 and July 2016 were included (mean age, 44...
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174458/reliability-of-the-special-support-system-for-sitting-pressure-redistribution
#3
Sang-Heon Lee
[Purpose] This study investigated the reliability of the Special Support System. [Subjects and Methods] Eighteen female and 14 male volunteers participated in this study. Participants were asked to sit on the Special Support System with their chins tucked in, spines straight, pelvis neutrally positioned, and their hands placed on their thighs. They were also asked to flex their hips, knees, and ankles to approximately 90 degrees and to put their feet flat on the floor. The total contact area, mean total pressure, as well as mean and peak pressures of each quadrant were each measured 15 times...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144406/fatigue-effect-on-linear-center-of-pressure-measures-during-gait-in-people-with-flat-feet
#4
Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Sahar Boozari, Ali Ashraf Jamshidi, Mohammad Reza Nikmaram
BACKGROUND: Flat foot, as one of the common foot deformities can affect gait biomechanics and risk of lower extremity injury. Fatigue, as a high load task, can also change biomechanical parameters of locomotion. Studying normal and flat footed individuals under high load tasks such as fatigue can elucidate their differences more easily. OBJECTIVES: In this study, center of pressure (CoP) changes were studied between individuals with flat and normal feet after fatigue...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048473/we-de-201-11-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-verification-methods-based-on-total-reference-air-kerma-trak-or-on-user-provided-dose-points-for-graphically-planned-skin-hdr-brachytherapy
#5
A Damato, P Devlin, M Bhagwat, I Buzurovic, J Hansen, D O'Farrell, R Cormack
PURPOSE: To investigate the sensitivity and specificity of a novel verification methodology for image-guided skin HDR brachytherapy plans using a TRAK-based reasonableness test, compared to a typical manual verification methodology. METHODS: Two methodologies were used to flag treatment plans necessitating additional review due to a potential discrepancy of 3 mm between planned dose and clinical target in the skin. Manual verification was used to calculate the discrepancy between the average dose to points positioned at time of planning representative of the prescribed depth and the expected prescription dose...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046009/stiffness-effects-in-rocker-soled-shoes-biomechanical-implications
#6
Shih-Yun Lin, Pei-Fang Su, Chia-Hua Chung, Chi-Chun Hsia, Chih-Han Chang
Rocker-soled shoes provide a way to reduce the possible concentration of stress, as well as change movement patterns, during gait. This study attempts to examine how plantar force and spatio-temporal variables are affected by two rocker designs, one with softer and one with denser sole materials, by comparing them with the barefoot condition and with flat-soled shoes. Eleven subjects' gait parameters during walking and jogging were recorded. Our results showed that compared with barefoot walking, plantar forces were higher for flat shoes while lower for both types of rocker shoes, the softer-material rocker being the lowest...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876118/flat-shoes-increase-neurogenesis
#7
J Flensmark
The impairment of the horizontal is caused by elevation of the heel of the foot from the ground. Receptors in the soles of the feet provide a mapping of body orientation to the upright, and is identical to Mittelstaedt's idiotropic tendency. Initiation of gait wearing flat shoes without elevation of the heel is sufficient to change to a truthful horizontal. Using flat shoes increases neurogenesis and leads to a decreased frequency of diseases of the nervous system.
December 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823978/clinical-characteristics-and-prognoses-of-six-patients-with-multicentric-giant-cell-tumor-of-the-bone
#8
Chenglei Liu, Yawen Tang, Mei Li, Qiong Jiao, Huizhen Zhang, Qingcheng Yang, Weiwu Yao
Multicentric giant cell tumor of the bone (MGCT) is a rare entity whose radiographic, pathological and biological features remain confusing. We retrospectively reviewed six patients (1 male, 5 female; average age, 22.33 years) treated for confirmed MGCT between 2001 and 2015. The patients' clinical information, images from radiographs (n = 14), CT (n = 13), MRI (n = 8), bone scintigraphy (n = 1) and PET-CT (n = 2), as well as histologic features, treatment and prognosis were analyzed. A total of 17 lesions were detected: 4 around the knee joint, 3 in the greater trochanter and head of the femur, 5 in the small bones of the feet, and 2 in flat bones...
November 3, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760696/prevalence-of-flatfoot-among-school-students-and-its-relationship-with%C3%A2-bmi
#9
Mohsen Pourghasem, Nematollah Kamali, Mehrdad Farsi, Nabiollah Soltanpour
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the relation between the flat-footedness and obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1158 school children (653 male and 505 female) participated in this cross sectional descriptive study. According to their age, children were divided into three groups for each gender (6-10, 11-13, 14-18 years old). Diagnosis and severity of flatfoot was assessed in using the Dennis method. BMI of children were calculated as body weight divided by height squared (kg*m(-2))...
October 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730290/the-impact-of-different-types-of-talus-deformation-after-treatment-of-clubfeet
#10
Alexander Kolb, Madeleine Willegger, Reinhard Schuh, Alexandra Kaider, Catharina Chiari, Reinhard Windhager
PURPOSE: Deformation of the talus in idiopathic congenital clubfeet is a known problem after treatment. However evidence on types of talus deformation and clinical relevance is rare. The aims of this study were first to define different types of talus deformation, and second, to evaluate the impact of these types on long-term results. METHODS: At a minimum follow-up of ten years 40 idiopathic clubfeet treated by a modified dorsomedial release were analyzed. Based on morphological appearance and the widened range of radius to length ratios (R/L-ratio) in treated clubfeet deformed tali were divided into two groups: tali with decreased R/L-ratios were classified as small-dome talus deformation (SD), tali with increased R/L-ratios were classified as flat-top talus deformation (FT)...
January 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721087/selective-activation-of-lower-leg-muscles-during-maximum-voluntary-isometric-contractions
#11
Marco Hagen, Gerrit Schwiertz, Karl B Landorf, Hylton B Menz, George S Murley
The pronators and supinators play a key role in the medio-lateral stability of the ankle joint complex (i.e. talo-crural and subtalar joints). We hypothesized that each shank muscle has a specific activation pattern determined by its anatomical course around the axes of the subtalar and talo-crural joints. A secondary objective was to examine the effect of foot posture on these activation patterns. Forty-nine young adults (25 normal-arched feet, 24 flat-arched feet) performed maximum voluntary isometric contractions against manual resistance in four movement directions: plantarflexion (PF), dorsiflexion (DF), pronation (PRO) and supination (SUP)...
December 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676887/podiatric-complications-during-a-premature-aging-syndrome-rare-case
#12
Siham Zahi, Laila Mahir, Soumia Meftah, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif El Fatimi
OBJECTIVE: Premature aging syndromes are very rare and most often hereditary. Initially purely descriptive entities, these syndromes are now much better understood genetically and pathophysiologically and can now be classified according to the mechanisms involved. They often manifest as a pigmented skin dry, atrophic and sclerotic. There is no treatment for these conditions apart from that of their complications (frequent ulceration). OBSERVATIONS: Forty-five years of patient follow-up in dermatology for premature aging syndrome, addressed in our service for podiatric care...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648946/running-speed-can-be-predicted-from-foot-contact-time-during-outdoor-over-ground-running
#13
Cornelis J de Ruiter, Ben van Oeveren, Agnieta Francke, Patrick Zijlstra, Jaap H van Dieen
The number of validation studies of commercially available foot pods that provide estimates of running speed is limited and these studies have been conducted under laboratory conditions. Moreover, internal data handling and algorithms used to derive speed from these pods are proprietary and thereby unclear. The present study investigates the use of foot contact time (CT) for running speed estimations, which potentially can be used in addition to the global positioning system (GPS) in situations where GPS performance is limited...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638820/-an-eight-year-old-boy-with-painful-flat-feet
#14
L Kintzelé, C Rehnitz, M-A Weber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525095/an-8-4-mb-3q26-33-3q28-microdeletion-in-a-patient-with-blepharophimosis-intellectual-disability-syndrome-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
Katrin Õunap, Sander Pajusalu, Olga Zilina, Tiia Reimand, Riina Žordania
3q26.33-3q27.2 microdeletion can be classified as a clinical entity characterized by intrauterine growth retardation, feeding problems in infancy, short stature, intellectual disability, hypotonia, dysmorphic facial features (medially sparse eyebrows, narrow horizontal palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, flat nasal bridge and tip, short philtrum, and downturned corners of mouth), and teeth and feet abnormalities.
August 2016: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428595/effects-of-duration-of-wearing-high-heeled-shoes-on-plantar-pressure
#16
Chun-Ming Yin, Xiao-Hua Pan, Yu-Xin Sun, Zhi-Bin Chen
In the present study we investigated the effects of different durations of using high-heeled shoes on plantar pressure and gait. A questionnaire survey and dynamic plantar pressure measurements were performed in 20 control females and 117 females who had worn high-heeled shoes for a long time. According to the duration of using high-heeled shoes (as specified in the questionnaire), subjects were divided into a control group and five groups with different durations of use (i.e. <2years, 2-5years, 6-10years, 11-20years and >20years)...
October 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27420611/shod-wear-and-foot-alignment-in-clinical-gait-analysis
#17
Melissa Gar Yee Louey, Morgan Sangeux
Sagittal plane alignment of the foot presents challenges when the subject wears shoes during gait analysis. Typically, visual alignment is performed by positioning two markers, the heel and toe markers, aligned with the foot within the shoe. Alternatively, software alignment is possible when the sole of the shoe lies parallel to the ground, and the change in the shoe's sole thickness is measured and entered as a parameter. The aim of this technical note was to evaluate the accuracy of visual and software foot alignment during shod gait analysis...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312121/correlation-between-primary-flat-foot-and-lower-extremity-rotational-misalignment-in-adults
#18
A Cebulski-Delebarre, N Boutry, C Szymanski, C Maynou, G Lefebvre, E Amzallag-Bellenger, A Cotten
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to identify rotational abnormalities of the lower limb in adult patients with primary symptomatic flatfoot. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From September 2009 to May 2012, 24 patients (12 women, 12 men; mean age: 40 years) were prospectively included in the study. Each patient underwent radiographs of the flat foot and weight-bearing upright EOS(®) examination. Three-dimensional reconstructions of the lower extremities were performed with derived measurements (length, hip and knee parameters, rotations)...
November 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309794/gait-characteristics-and-spatio-temporal-variables-of-climbing-in-bonobos-pan-paniscus
#19
Kirsten Schoonaert, Kristiaan D'Août, Diana Samuel, Willem Talloen, Sandra Nauwelaerts, Tracy L Kivell, Peter Aerts
Although much is known about the terrestrial locomotion of great apes, their arboreal locomotion has been studied less extensively. This study investigates arboreal locomotion in bonobos (Pan paniscus), focusing on the gait characteristics and spatio-temporal variables associated with locomotion on a pole. These features are compared across different substrate inclinations (0°, 30°, 45°, 60°, and 90°), and horizontal quadrupedal walking is compared between an arboreal and a terrestrial substrate. Our results show greater variation in footfall patterns with increasing incline, resulting in more lateral gait sequences...
June 16, 2016: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289217/radiologic-patterning-of-hallux-deformity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and%C3%A2-its-relationship-to-flatfoot
#20
Takumi Matsumoto, Izumi Nakada, Takuo Juji, Ichiro Nakamura, Katsumi Ito
Hallux deformities other than hallux valgus, especially those in the sagittal plane, have not yet been elucidated in the feet of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The objectives of the present study were to classify rheumatoid arthritis hallux deformity in both the horizontal and the sagittal planes and investigate its relationship with flatfoot. Using a cross-sectional study design, we assessed patients with rheumatoid arthritis (527 feet in 274 patients) using radiographs and classified the deformity patterns of the great toes using cluster analysis...
September 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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