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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922624/association-of-pain-social-support-and-socioeconomic-indicators-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran
#1
Z Khazaeipour, E Ahmadipour, V Rahimi-Movaghar, F Ahmadipour, A R Vaccaro, B Babakhani
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: Pain is a prevalent complication of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Our objective was to examine the association between social support, socioeconomic factors and psychosocial factors and pain to develop more effective management strategies. SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research (BASIR) Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The Persian version of the Brief Pain Inventory was used to measure the pain, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support was used to measure social support through structured face-to-face interviews in SCI individuals...
December 6, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920801/implications-of-analgesics-use-in-osteoporotic-related-pain-treatment-focus-on-opioids
#2
REVIEW
Renato Vellucci, Consalvo Mattia, Ludovica Celidonio, Rocco Domenico Mediati
Bone loss is asymptomatic and will progress without pain and other symptoms until the occurrence of a fracture. The occurrence of a breaking bone induce acute pain determined and supported by a mechanical, inflammatory and neuropathic component. Very often the acute component evolves in a chronic musculoskeletal component. Overall objectives of the analgesic therapy can be summarized in pain relief, improving sleep, improve mobility, reduce anxiety, emotional component and depression. Osteoporosis is predominantly a condition of the elderly, more likely to have coexisting cardiovascular disease and age-related decline in renal function, receiving treatment for one or more comorbid conditions, taking multiple medications...
May 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919795/current-and-novel-insights-into-the-neurophysiology-of-migraine-and-its-implications-for-therapeutics
#3
REVIEW
Simon Akerman, Marcela Romero-Reyes, Philip R Holland
Migraine headache and its associated symptoms have plagued humans for two millennia. It is manifest throughout the world, and affects more than 1/6 of the global population. It is the most common brain disorder, and is characterized by moderate to severe unilateral headache that is accompanied by vomiting, nausea, photophobia, phonophobia, and other hypersensitive symptoms of the senses. While there is still a clear lack of understanding of its neurophysiology, it is beginning to be understood, and it seems to suggest migraine is a disorder of brain sensory processing, characterized by a generalized neuronal hyperexcitability...
December 2, 2016: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919478/attitudes-to-cannabis-and-patterns-of-use-among-canadians-with-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Emma Banwell, Bennis Pavisian, Liesly Lee, Anthony Feinstein
BACKGROUND: Canada has the highest incidence of MS worldwide. Anecdotal evidence reveals that people with MS smoke, ingest or vaporize cannabis for a multiplicity of reasons. With the legal situation in relation to use currently in flux, we undertook a study investigating patterns of use amongst people with MS and their attitudes towards the drug. METHODS: A consecutive sample of people with MS (n=246) attending a neurology (n=118) and a neuropsychiatry (n=107) clinic was enrolled and asked to complete a questionnaire containing demographic, disease and cannabis related variables...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917672/-insomnia-and-habits-to-help-to-fall-asleep-among-adults
#5
Katalin Fusz, Béla Faludi, Dorina Pusztai, Nóra Sebők, András Oláh
INTRODUCTION: The quality of sleep can be influenced by several factors, insomnia in turn has an effect on the state of health. AIM: The aim of our survey is to measure the effects of insomnia, furthermore, the sleep affecting agents and habits to help to fall asleep among adults. METHOD: We collected the online nationwide and the written datas from the South-Transdanubia region, 455 adults filled the questionnaire which contains the Athens Insomnia Scale...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916884/a-broad-consideration-of-risk-factors-in-pediatric-chronic-pain-where-to-go-from-here
#6
REVIEW
Hannah N McKillop, Gerard A Banez
Pediatric chronic pain is a significant problem associated with substantial functional impairment. A variety of risk factors have been found to be associated with chronic pain in youth. The greatest amount of evidence appears to support that temperament, anxiety, depression, subjective experience of stress, passive coping strategies, sleep problems, other somatic-related problems, and parent and/or family factors are important variables. However, a great deal of this research focuses on a single risk factor or on multiple risk factors in isolation...
November 30, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916234/phantom-motor-execution-facilitated-by-machine-learning-and-augmented-reality-as-treatment-for-phantom-limb-pain-a-single-group-clinical-trial-in-patients-with-chronic-intractable-phantom-limb-pain
#7
Max Ortiz-Catalan, Rannveig A Guðmundsdóttir, Morten B Kristoffersen, Alejandra Zepeda-Echavarria, Kerstin Caine-Winterberger, Katarzyna Kulbacka-Ortiz, Cathrine Widehammar, Karin Eriksson, Anita Stockselius, Christina Ragnö, Zdenka Pihlar, Helena Burger, Liselotte Hermansson
BACKGROUND: Phantom limb pain is a debilitating condition for which no effective treatment has been found. We hypothesised that re-engagement of central and peripheral circuitry involved in motor execution could reduce phantom limb pain via competitive plasticity and reversal of cortical reorganisation. METHODS: Patients with upper limb amputation and known chronic intractable phantom limb pain were recruited at three clinics in Sweden and one in Slovenia. Patients received 12 sessions of phantom motor execution using machine learning, augmented and virtual reality, and serious gaming...
December 1, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914569/treatment-with-ruta-graveolens-5ch-and-rhus-toxicodendron-9ch-may-reduce-joint-pain-and-stiffness-linked-to-aromatase-inhibitors-in-women-with-early-breast-cancer-results-of-a-pilot-observational-study
#8
Jean-Claude Karp, Carole Sanchez, Philippe Guilbert, William Mina, Antoine Demonceaux, Hervé Curé
OBJECTIVE: To determine the possible effect of two homeopathic medicines, Ruta graveolens 5CH and Rhus toxicodendron 9CH, in the prevention of aromatase inhibitor (AI) associated joint pain and/or stiffness in women with early, hormone-receptor positive, breast cancer. METHODS: This prospective, unrandomized observational study was carried out between April and October 2014. Women were recruited in two groups, according to which of the two study centres they attended: one receiving homeopathy in addition to standard treatment (group H) and a control group, receiving standard treatment (group C)...
November 2016: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911474/is-chelation-therapy-efficient-for-the-treatment-of-intravenous-metallic-mercury-intoxication
#9
Daniela Pelclova, Stepanka Vlckova, Ondrej Bezdicek, Manuela Vaneckova, Pavel Urban, Petr Ridzon, Pavel Diblik, Tomas Navratil, Pavlina Klusackova, Kamil Vlcek, Olga Benesova, Pavel Trestik, Jiri Homolka, Sergey Zakharov
The efficacy of treatment for intravenous elemental mercury intoxication has not been fully studied with regard to clinical outcomes, and treatment recommendations vary. We treated a 41-year-old man with a history of drug abuse and depression who attempted suicide using 1 mL (13.53 g) metallic Hg i.v. He was admitted to the hospital two months later for dyspnoea and thoracic pain and was diagnosed with pneumonia. Hg deposits were seen in the lungs and extra-pulmonary organs. His blood level (372 μg/L) exceeded the population level of 5 μg/L by more than 70-fold...
December 2, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911127/immediate-and-lasting-effects-of-a-thoracic-spine-manipulation-in-a-patient-with-signs-of-cervical-radiculopathy-and-upper-extremity-hyperalgesia-a-case-report
#10
Beth K Deschenes, Jason Zafereo
Patients with cervical radiculopathy (CR) may present with accompanying symptoms of hyperalgesia, allodynia, heaviness in the arm, and non-segmental pain that do not appear to be related to a peripheral spinal nerve. These findings may suggest the presence of central or autonomic nervous system involvement, requiring a modified management approach. The purpose of this case report is to describe the treatment of a patient with signs of CR and upper extremity (UE) hyperalgesia who had a significant decrease in her UE pain and hypersensitivity after a single thoracic spine manipulation (TSM)...
December 2, 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910799/validation-of-the-danish-version-of-the-quick-disabilities-of-arm-shoulder-and-hand-questionnaire
#11
Jesper Ougaard Schønnemann, Jens Eggers
INTRODUCTION: The Quick-Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH) questionnaire is an 11-item region-specific questionnaire used to measure the effect of clinical treatment of disorders and injuries to the upper extremity. During its original development, it was shown that the QuickDASH is a valid and reliable outcome measure. The purpose of this study was to validate the Danish version of the QuickDASH in patients with wrist fractures, using the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) as an evaluation tool...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909008/trajectory-of-parvalbumin-cell-impairment-and-loss-of-cortical-inhibition-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Tsung-Hsun Hsieh, Henry Hing Cheong Lee, Mustafa Qadir Hameed, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Takao K Hensch, Alexander Rotenberg
Many neuropsychiatric symptoms that follow traumatic brain injury (TBI), including mood disorders, sleep disturbance, chronic pain, and posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) are attributable to compromised cortical inhibition. However, the temporal trajectory of cortical inhibition loss and its underlying mechanisms are not known. Using paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (ppTMS) and immunohistochemistry, we tracked functional and cellular changes of cortical inhibitory network elements after fluid-percussion injury (FPI) in rats...
November 30, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901398/discriminating-between-neuropathic-pain-and-sensory-hypersensitivity-using-the-chronic-pain-questions-cpq
#13
Karin S Coyne, Brooke M Currie, Sean Donevan, Joseph C Cappelleri, Rozelle Hegeman-Dingle, Lucy Abraham, Christine Thompson, Alesia Sadosky, Marina Brodsky
OBJECTIVE: The Chronic Pain Questions (CPQ) were developed for clinical use with the aim of supporting primary care physicians in the screening, assessment and monitoring of patients with chronic pain. The purpose of this study was to examine the ability of the CPQ to discriminate between patients with neuropathic pain (NeP) versus those with sensory hypersensitivity (SH). METHODS: Adult men and women with a diagnosis of a NeP or SH condition were recruited from 5 clinical sites across the United States...
November 30, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900705/sleep-quality-and-disturbances-in-patients-with-different-sized-rotator-cuff-tear
#14
S Gumina, V Candela, D Passaretti, T Venditto, L Mariani, G Giannicola
INTRODUCTION: The literature is unanimous in saying that shoulder pain, due to rotator cuff tear (RCT), may be mostly at night; to our knowledge, this statement is not supported by scientific evidence. Our aim was to investigate sleep quality and disturbances in patient with RCT and in a control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control design study was used. We enrolled 324 consecutive patients (Group A) (156M-168F, mean age ± SD: 64.94 ± 6.97; range 47-74) who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898460/a-pilot-comparison-of-a-smartphone-app-with-or-without-2-way-messaging-among-chronic-pain-patients-who-benefits-from-a-pain-app
#15
Robert N Jamison, Dylan C Jurcik, Robert R Edwards, Chuan-Chin Huang, Edgar L Ross
OBJECTIVES: The overall aim of this study was to determine the effect of introducing a smartphone pain app, for both Android and iPhone devices that enables chronic pain patients to assess, monitor, and communicate their status to their providers. METHODS: This study recruited 105 chronic pain patients to use a smartphone pain app and half of the subjects (N=52) had 2-way messaging available through the app. All subjects completed baseline measures and were asked to record their progress every day for 3 months, with the opportunity to continue for 6 months...
November 24, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895524/characteristics-of-social-drinkers-with-and-without-a-hangover-after-heavy-alcohol-consumption
#16
A Hogewoning, Ajae Van de Loo, M Mackus, S J Raasveld, R De Zeeuw, E R Bosma, N H Bouwmeester, K A Brookhuis, J Garssen, J C Verster
BACKGROUND: A number of social drinkers claim that they do not experience next-day hangovers despite consuming large quantities of alcohol. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of drinkers who claim to be hangover immune and compare them with drinkers who do report having hangovers. METHODS: A total of 36 social drinkers participated in a naturalistic study consisting of a hangover day (alcohol consumed) and a control day (no alcohol consumed)...
2016: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895432/prevalence-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-chronic-digestive-system-diseases-a-multicenter-epidemiological-study
#17
An-Zhong Zhang, Qing-Cai Wang, Kun-Ming Huang, Jia-Guo Huang, Chang-Hong Zhou, Fu-Qiang Sun, Su-Wen Wang, Feng-Ting Wu
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of depression and anxiety in patients with chronic digestive system diseases. METHODS: A total of 1736 patients with chronic digestive system diseases were included in this cross-sectional study, including 871 outpatients and 865 in-patients. A self-designed General Information for Patients of the Department of Gastroenterology of General Hospitals questionnaire was used to collect each patient's general information, which included demographic data (including age, sex, marital status, and education) and disease characteristics (including major diseases, disease duration, principal symptoms, chronic pain, sleep disorder, and limited daily activities)...
November 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888835/the-association-between-benzodiazepine-use-and-sleep-quality-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Lynna Chen, J Simon Bell, Renuka Visvanathan, Sarah N Hilmer, Tina Emery, Leonie Robson, Jessica M Hughes, Edwin C K Tan
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepines are commonly prescribed in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) for their sedative and anxiolytic effects. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between benzodiazepine use and sleep quality in residents of RACFs. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 383 participants was conducted in six Australian RACFs. Night-time sleep quality, day-time drowsiness and day-time napping behavior were assessed using a validated questionnaire...
November 26, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888822/long-term-results-of-pillar-implant-procedure
#19
Ela Araz Server, Zeynep Alkan, Özgür Yiğit, Ahmet Görkem Yasak
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the long-term efficiency and reliability of the Pillar Implant (PI) procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2008 and January 2010, a total of 27 patients (16 males, 11 females; mean age 45.8±7.2 years; range 31 to 58 years) who were diagnosed with low obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and simple snoring underwent the PI procedure in this retrospective, nonrandomized study. The patients were evaluated preoperatively with visual analog scale (VAS) scores in terms of snoring, dysphagia, mouth dryness, foreign body sensation, and pain at the first month, third month, and sixth year intervals...
September 2016: Kulak Burun Boğaz Ihtisas Dergisi: KBB, Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885763/meditation-awareness-training-for-the-treatment-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Thomas J Dunn, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Mark D Griffiths
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to conduct the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the effectiveness of a second-generation mindfulness-based intervention (SG-MBI) for treating fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Compared to first-generation mindfulness-based interventions, SG-MBIs are more acknowledging of the spiritual aspect of mindfulness. DESIGN: A RCT employing intent-to-treat analysis. METHODS: Adults with FMS received an 8-week SG-MBI known as meditation awareness training (MAT; n = 74) or an active control intervention known as cognitive behaviour theory for groups (n = 74)...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
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