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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913754/neurological-manifestations-in-children-with-dengue-fever-an-indian-perspective
#1
Archan Sil, Tamoghna Biswas, Moumita Samanta, Mithun Chandra Konar, Arun Kumar De, Jasodhara Chaudhuri
Ours was a descriptive observational cross-sectional study carried out in a tertiary care hospital in eastern India over a period of one year to study the profile of neurological involvement in paediatric dengue patients. Of 71 laboratory-confirmed cases, 20 (28.17%) had neurological involvement. Common forms observed were acute encephalopathy (40%), encephalitis (30%), pure motor weakness (15%), transverse myelitis (5%), acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (5%) and Guillain-Barré syndrome (5%). The dengue IgM antibody could be detected in the cerebrospinal fluid of only two patients with encephalitis...
December 2, 2016: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907013/development-and-implementation-of-the-ebola-traveler-monitoring-program-and-clinical-outcomes-of-monitored-travelers-during-october-may-2015-minnesota
#2
Aaron DeVries, Pamela Talley, Kristin Sweet, Susan Kline, Patricia Stinchfield, Pritish Tosh, Richard Danila
BACKGROUND: In October 2014, the United States began actively monitoring all persons who had traveled from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone in the previous 21 days. State public health departments were responsible for monitoring all travelers; Minnesota has the largest Liberian population in the United States. The MDH Ebola Clinical Team (ECT) was established to assess travelers with symptoms of concern for Ebola virus disease (EVD), coordinate access to healthcare at appropriate facilities including Ebola Assessment and Treatment Units (EATU), and provide guidance to clinicians...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893896/association-between-influenza-infection-and-vaccination-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Ousseny Zerbo, Yinge Qian, Cathleen Yoshida, Bruce H Fireman, Nicola P Klein, Lisa A Croen
Importance: Maternal infections and fever during pregnancy are associated with increased risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). To our knowledge, no study has investigated the association between influenza vaccination during pregnancy and ASD. Objective: To investigate the association between influenza infection and vaccination during pregnancy and ASD risk. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included 196 929 children born at Kaiser Permanente Northern California from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2010, at a gestational age of at least 24 weeks...
November 28, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893416/the-effect-of-fc%C3%AE-riia-and-fc%C3%AE-riib-on-coronary-artery-lesion-formation-and-intravenous-immunoglobulin-treatment-responses-in-children-with-kawasaki-disease
#4
Ling-Sai Chang, Mao-Hung Lo, Sung-Chou Li, Ming-Yu Yang, Kai-Sheng Hsieh, Ho-Chang Kuo
Previous research has found patients with the FcγRIIIB NA1 variant having increased risk of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) resistance in Kawasaki disease (KD). Our previous studies revealed that elevated FcγRIIA expression correlated with the susceptibility of KD patients. We conducted this research to determine whether and how Fcγ receptors affect the susceptibility, IVIG treatment response, and coronary artery lesions (CAL) of KD patients. The activating FcγRIIA and inhibitory FcγRIIB methylation levels of seven patients with KD and four control subjects were examined using HumanMethylation27 BeadChip...
November 21, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876028/clinical-assessment-of-children-with-renal-abscesses-presenting-to-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#5
Chun-Yu Chen, Huang-Tsung Kuo, Yu-Jun Chang, Kang-Hsi Wu, Wen-Chieh Yang, Han-Ping Wu
BACKGROUND: Renal abscesses are relatively uncommon in children but may result in prolonged hospital stays and life-threatening events. We undertook this study to analyze the clinical spectrum of renal abscesses in children admitted to the pediatric emergency department (ED) and to find helpful clinical characteristics that can potentially aid emergency physicians for detecting renal abscesses in children earlier. METHODS: From 2004 to 2011, we retrospectively analyzed 17 patients, aged 18 years or younger, with a definite diagnosis of renal abscess admitted to the ED...
November 22, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869401/yersiniosis-in-poland-in-2014
#6
Sylwia Kamińska, Małgorzata Sadkowska-Todys
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to present the epidemiological situation of yersiniosis in Poland in 2014 and compare it with the situation in the previous years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The evaluation was based on analysis of data from the annual bulletins “Infectious diseases and poisoning in Poland” for the period 2009-2014 (MP Czarkowski et al., National Institute of Hygiene and GIS – Chief Sanitary Inspectorate), interviews of individual yersiniosis cases, sent by the sanitary-epidemiological stations from the whole country and the data on deaths from the Department of Demographic Studies of the Central Statistical Office...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863513/epidemiology-of-rubella-virus-cases-in-the-pre-vaccination-era-of-ethiopia-2009-2015
#7
Mekonen Getahun, Berhane Beyene, Kathleen Gallagher, Ayesheshem Ademe, Birke Teshome, Mesfin Tefera, Anjelo Asha, Aklog Afework, Esete Assefa, Yoseph HaileMariam, Yonas HaileGiorgis, Hiwot Ketema, Dejenie Shiferaw, Ayenachew Bekele, Daddi Jima, Amha Kebede
BACKGROUND: Rubella is a common mild rash illness caused by rubella virus. The majority of infections occur in children and young adults. The infection is the cause of a serious birth defect known as Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) when a woman acquires infection early in pregnancy. Ethiopia has not yet established rubella virus surveillance and has not yet introduced rubella vaccine into the routine immunization program. We characterize the epidemiology of laboratory confirmed rubella virus cases collected through measles surveillance from 2009 to 2015 to better understand the burden of the disease in the country...
November 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858396/evaluation-of-short-term-neurological-outcomes-in-children-diagnosed-with-brain-abscesses
#8
Manolya Acar, Murat Sutcu, Hacer Akturk, Aygozel Muradova, Selda Hancerli-Torun, Nuran Salman, Mine Caliskan, Nail Izgi, Ayper Somer
AIM: To evaluate the neurological outcomes of children diagnosed with brain abscesses in the early post-treatment period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of pediatric brain abscess patients between January 2000 and December 2015 during a 16 years period. Patients were divided into two groups according to their outcome at the end of the treatment. The patients with good outcome were the ones without any neurological sequelae (GOS score 5)...
October 17, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854381/interventions-for-children-with-ear-discharge-occurring-at-least-two-weeks-following-grommet-ventilation-tube-insertion
#9
REVIEW
Roderick P Venekamp, Faisal Javed, Thijs Ma van Dongen, Angus Waddell, Anne Gm Schilder
BACKGROUND: Ear discharge (otorrhoea) is common in children with grommets (ventilation/tympanostomy tubes); the proportion of children developing discharge ranges from 25% to 75%. The most common treatment strategies include oral broad-spectrum antibiotics, antibiotic eardrops or those containing a combination of antibiotic(s) and a corticosteroid, and initial observation. Important drivers for one strategy over the other are concerns over the side effects of oral antibiotics and the potential ototoxicity of antibiotic eardrops...
November 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815733/acute-rheumatic-fever-outbreak-in-southern-central-european-country
#10
Urška Kočevar, Nataša Toplak, Blaž Kosmač, Luka Kopač, Samo Vesel, Natalija Krajnc, Matjaž Homan, Rina Rus, Tadej Avčin
: A decline in the incidence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in developed countries over the past century can be attributed to the improved public hygiene and to widespread use of antibiotics. ARF seemed to be a rare disease in southern central European country, Slovenia, up to 2010 when we noticed an increase in the number of patients with ARF. In order to assess the current incidence of ARF, we performed a retrospective study of all patients with ARF treated at the University Children's Hospital Ljubljana from January 2008 until the end of December 2014...
November 4, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802292/clinical-and-epidemiologic-characteristics-of-hospitalized-patients-with-laboratory-confirmed-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-in-eastern-china-between-2009-and-2013-a-retrospective-study
#11
Dawei Cui, Luzhao Feng, Yu Chen, Shengjie Lai, Zike Zhang, Fei Yu, Shufa Zheng, Zhongjie Li, Hongjie Yu
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide in children aged <5 years and older adults with acute lower respiratory infections (ALRIs). However, few studies regarding the epidemiology of hospitalizations for RSV infection have been performed previously in China. Here, we aimed to describe the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of hospitalized patients with laboratory-confirmed RSV infection in eastern China. Active surveillance for hospitalized ALRI patients using a broad case definition based on symptoms was performed from 2009-2013 in 12 sentinel hospitals in eastern China...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794128/association-of-acetaminophen-and-ibuprofen-use-with-wheezing-in-children-with-acute-febrile-illness
#12
Ilan Matok, Arnon Elizur, Amichai Perlman, Shani Ganor, Hagai Levine, Eran Kozer
BACKGROUND: Many infants and children receive acetaminophen and/or ibuprofen during febrile illness. Previously, some studies have linked acetaminophen and ibuprofen use to wheezing and exacerbation of asthma symptoms in infants and children. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether acetaminophen or ibuprofen use are associated with wheezing in children presenting to the emergency department (ED) with febrile illness. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of children who presented with fever to the pediatric ED between 2009 and 2013...
October 27, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782863/knowledge-of-neonatal-danger-signs-among-mothers-attending-well-baby-clinic-in-nakuru-central-district-kenya-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#13
Elizabeth Gathoni Kibaru, Amos Magembe Otara
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality has remained high in Kenya despite various efforts being applied to reduce this negative trend. Early detection of neonatal illness is an important step towards improving new born survival. Toward this end there is need for the mothers to be able to identify signs in neonates that signifies severe neonatal illnesses. The objective of the study was to determine the level of knowledge of mothers attending well baby clinics on postnatal neonatal danger signs and determine the associated factors...
October 25, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780199/factors-associated-with-the-time-of-admission-among-notified-dengue-fever-cases-in-region-viii-philippines-from-2008-to-2014
#14
Jason Echavez Abello, Julita Gil Cuesta, Boyd Roderick Cerro, Debarati Guha-Sapir
In cases of Dengue fever, late hospital admission can lead to treatment delay and even death. In order to improve early disease notification and management, it is essential to investigate the factors affecting the time of admission of Dengue cases. This study determined the factors associated with the time of admission among notified Dengue cases. The study covered the period between 2008 and 2014 in Region VIII, Philippines. The factors assessed were age, sex, hospital sector, hospital level, disease severity based on the 1997 WHO Dengue classification, and period of admission (distinguishing between the 2010 Dengue epidemic and non-epidemic time)...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779831/infectious-diseases-in-poland-in-2014
#15
Małgorzata Sadkowska-Todys, Andrzej Zieliński, Mirosław P Czarkowski
PURPOSE of the STUDY: The aim of the study is to assess epidemiological situation of infectious and parasitic diseases in Poland in 2014, and an indication of the potential health risks from communicable diseases occurring in other areas of the globe. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This paper is a summary of the analysis and evaluation of the results of epidemiological surveillance of infectious diseases in Poland in 2014, and those elements of European and global epidemiological background, which in this period had an impact on the epidemiological situation in Poland or constituted a threat...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776549/increasing-understanding-of-the-relationship-between-geographic-access-and-gendered-decision-making-power-for-treatment-seeking-for-febrile-children-in-the-chikwawa-district-of-malawi
#16
Victoria L Ewing, Rachel Tolhurst, Andrew Kapinda, Esther Richards, Dianne J Terlouw, David G Lalloo
BACKGROUND: This study used qualitative methods to investigate the relationship between geographic access and gendered intra-household hierarchies and how these influence treatment-seeking decision-making for childhood fever within the Chikwawa district of Malawi. Previous cross-sectional survey findings in the district indicated that distance from facility and associated costs are important determinants of health facility attendance in the district. This paper uses qualitative data to add depth of understanding to these findings by exploring the relationship between distance from services, anticipated costs and cultural norms of intra-household decision-making, and to identify potential intervention opportunities to reduce challenges experienced by those in remote locations...
October 24, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765754/fever-in-a-child-with-cerebrospinal-fluid-access-device-or-shunt-a-pragmatic-approach-to-management
#17
REVIEW
Betsy Cleave, Maria Cartmill, Shiu Shing Soo, Harish Vyas
Children with shunts commonly present with fever, and often the focus of infection will be unrelated to their shunt. However, as shunt infections may present with few or even no specific symptoms, evaluation of a child with a shunt presenting with fever should be careful and comprehensive to ensure shunt infections are not missed. Treatment of an infected shunt involves removal of the shunt followed by a long course of antibiotics; missing or partially treating shunt infections can result in significant morbidity and potentially even mortality...
October 20, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764220/epidemiology-and-clinical-presentations-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-subgroups-a-and-b-detected-with-multiplex-real-time-pcr
#18
Wenkuan Liu, Dehui Chen, Weiping Tan, Duo Xu, Shuyan Qiu, Zhiqi Zeng, Xiao Li, Rong Zhou
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most important pathogenic infections of children and requires in-depth research worldwide, and especially in developing countries. We used a novel multiplex real-time PCR to test 5483 patients (≤ 14 years old) hospitalized with respiratory illness in Guangzhou, China, over a 3-year period. Of these patients, 729 were positive for RSV-A (51.2%, 373/729) or RSV-B (48.8%, 356/729), but none was infected with both viruses. Two seasonal peaks in total RSV were detected at the changes from winter to spring and from summer to autumn...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749391/ultrasound-guided-liver-biopsy-with-gelatin-sponge-pledget-tract-embolization-in-infants-weighing-less-than-10-kg
#19
Matthew P Lungren, Will S Lindquester, Frank Glen Seidel, Nishita Kothary, Eric J Monroe, Giri Shivaram, Anne E Gill, Matthew C Hawkins
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to describe and assess the technical success and safety of ultrasound-guided liver biopsy with gelatin sponge pledget tract embolization technique in infants <10 kg across 3 tertiary pediatric hospitals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There were 67 pediatric patients weighing <10 kg (36 boys; 31 girls; average age 202 days; average weight 6 kg, range 1.5-9.9 kg) referred for liver biopsy performed with ultrasound guidance and gelatin sponge pledget tract embolization during a 2-year period...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738601/spontaneous-perforation-of-colon-in-previously-healthy-infants-and-children-its-clinical-implication
#20
Soo-Hong Kim, Yong-Hoon Cho, Hae-Young Kim
PURPOSE: Spontaneous colon perforations are usually encountered as necrotizing enterocolitis in the neonatal period, but occur rarely in infants and children without pathological conditions. This study was conducted to describe its clinical implication beyond the neonatal period. METHODS: Cases of spontaneous colon perforation confirmed after the operation were reviewed retrospectively and the clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed. Clinical data were compared according to the presence of pneumoperitoneum as initial findings...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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