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Armin Ahmed, Afzal Azim, Mohan Gurjar, Arvind Kumar Baronia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2014: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Krishan Kant Agarwal, Sellam Karunanithi, Kalpa Jyothi Das, Sachin Jain, Rakesh Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2014: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
Neha Rathor, Vikas Khillan, S K Sarin
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in catheterized patients. Fungal UTI has become an important nosocomial problem over the past decade. The microbiology of candiduria is rapidly evolving and new trends are being reported. AIMS: To study the microbiological trends and antifungal resistance profile of Candida in urine of catheterized chronic liver disease (CLD) patients at a super specialty hepatobiliary tertiary-care center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: urine samples were collected by sterile technique, processed by semi-quantitative method as per the standard protocols...
April 2014: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Jung Hyu Shin, Chang Woo Lee, Soo Jin Oh, Jieun Yun, Moo Rim Kang, Sang-Bae Han, Heungsik Park, Jae Chul Jung, Yoon Hoo Chung, Jong Soon Kang
In this study, we investigated the hepatoprotective effects of aged black garlic (ABG) in rodent models of liver injury. ABG inhibited carbon tetrachloride-induced elevation of aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT), which are markers of hepatocellular damage, in SD rats. D-galactosamineinduced hepatocellular damage was also suppressed by ABG treatment. However, ABG does not affect the elevation of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), a marker of hepatobilliary damage, in rats treated with carbon tetrachloride or D-galactosamine...
March 2014: Toxicological Research
Tatiana Tăranu, St Toader, Irina Eşanu, Mihaela Paula Toader
Generalized pruritus is a common symptom in elderly, patients, with severe impact on the quality of life. The diagnosis of senile idiopathic pruritus is made after the exclusion of a systemic disease such as chronic renal disease, hepatobilliary disease with cholestasis, thyroid dysfunctions, drug-induced hypersensitivity reactions, visceral or hematological neoplasia, and primitive dermatological distinct conditions. The pathophysiological mechanisms are still unclear. A critical role is considered to be played by changes related to skin aging, cutaneous nerve supply and other nervous system components...
January 2014: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Zhifei Wang, Quanda Liu, Junzhou Chen, Weihong Duan, Ningxin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of Da Vinci robotic surgery, more and more complicated surgeries can now be performed robotically, yet there have been very few on robotic hepatectomy, especially when billiary reconstruction is involved. The video shows our initial experience with an anatomic hepatectomy using Da Vinci surgical robot. In this case, we also conducted billiary reconstruction due to the anatomic abnormality of bile duct, while applying the choledochoscopy. The preoperative diagnosis is primary liver carcinoma, tumor thrombi in bile duct, and hepatitis B...
June 2013: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Jeany Borges e Silva Ribeiro, Fabrício de Sousa Martins, José Huygens Parente Garcia, Adriano César Costa Cunha, Ricardo Augusto Rocha Pinto, Marcus Vallerius Satacaso, Francisco Paulo Ponte Prado-Júnior, Ricardo Rangel de Paula Pessoa
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation is the only effective treatment for chronic liver diseases and terminal survival rate has increased in recent decades. However, biliary complications have high incidence and remain as the "Achilles heel" for liver transplantation. AIM: To evaluate retrospectively endoscopic treatment outcomes of biliary complications in post-liver transplantations. METHODS: The sample consisted of post-liver transplantation patients for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography due to suspected biliary complications...
October 2012: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
E S Golovanova, O G Tolmacheva, O A Maklakova, A N Rumiantseva, A I Aminova
303 children with the diagnosis "Hepatobiliary disorders of cystic duct or gall bladder" and "Sphincter Oddu's spasm" have been examined. After a profound children's examination, the data of objective survey, and also laboratory, biochemical, immune, functional rates (such as ultrasound survey, cardiointervalography) and findings of chemical-analytical survey of the toxics rate (such as aroma carbons, phenol, aldehydes, aliphatic alcohols) in biospheres of children's organisms were a nalysed. The evaluation of the effectiveness of children's hepatobilliary disorders'treatment in conditions of the environmentae negative factors' influence...
2012: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
Thakuri Singh, Neeraj Kumar, Sandeep Soni, Harish Rawat, Gaurav Mittal, Ajay K Singh, Aseem Bhatnagar
BACKGROUND: Radiolabeled human Immunoglobulin-G (hIgG) has demonstrated its utility in inflammation and infection imaging. However, the present method of radiolabeling hIgG is time-consuming and complex. OBJECTIVE: To develop a simplified method of radiolabeling hIgG with technetium-99m ((99m)Tc) via a nicotinyl hydrazine derivative ((99m)Tc-HYNIC-hIgG) and its biological evaluation. RESULTS: In vitro and in vivo studies showed that (99m)Tc-hIgG prepared by this method was fairly stable in physiological saline and human serum till 24 h...
October 2012: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Christian Eipel, Elena Menschikow, Michael Sigal, Angela Kuhla, Kerstin Abshagen, Brigitte Vollmar
AIMS: Darbepoetin-α (DPO), a long-acting erythropoietin analog, has been shown to protect the liver against cholestatic injury, to exert an antifibrotic effect, and to increase the survival time in a model of common bile duct ligation. Here we evaluate whether these tissue-protective effects are caused by DPO induced regulation of hepatobiliary transporters. MAIN METHODS: C57BL/6J mice underwent common bile duct ligation and were treated with either DPO or physiological saline...
2013: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
A M Abrantes, E Serra, C Goncalves, B Oliveiros, M Laranjo, A B Sarmento-Ribeiro, A Rocha-Gonsalves, M F Botelho
INTRODUCTION: Hypoxia is a biochemical condition where reduced oxygen partial pressure at tissue level occurs. This metabolic situation can lead to resistance to radio and chemotherapy. In malignant solid tumours, hypoxia is a common characteristic, having a great impact at biological level, being of tremendous importance for complete understanding of tumour progression. OBJECTIVES: We studied the behavior of 99mTc-HL91 in vivo, using an animal model based on Balb-c nu/nu mice with a xenotransplant of the human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line, WiDr...
April 2012: Current Radiopharmaceuticals
Farhang Babamahmoodi, Abdolreza Babamahmoodi
Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by gram-negative bacteria of the genus Brucella. Involvement of the gastrointestinal, hepatobilliary, and skeletal systems has been reported frequently in the literature. Involvement of the nervous system is relatively uncommon and has been reported in only 3%-25% of cases of generalized brucellosis. Guillain-Barré syndrome is a prototypical postinfectious autoimmune disease. We report a case of Guillain-Barré syndrome in a 26-year-old woman as an uncommon presentation of neurobrucellosis...
October 2011: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
Matthias Bauwens, Marijke De Saint-Hubert, Ellen Devos, Niko Deckers, Chris Reutelingsperger, Luc Mortelmans, Uwe Himmelreich, Felix M Mottaghy, Alfons Verbruggen
PURPOSE: Two variants of Annexin A5 (Cys2-AnxA5 and Cys165-AnxA5) were labelled with Gallium-68 in order to evaluate their biological properties. PROCEDURES: Biodistribution and pharmacokinetics of the radiotracers were studied with μPET in healthy mice and in a mouse model of hepatic apoptosis. μPET imaging after IV injection of the tracers in combination with μMRI was performed in Daudi tumor bearing mice before and after treatment with a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy...
April 2011: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
Sungmin Baek, Yong-Whan Lee, Sik Yoon, Sun-Yong Baek, Bong-Seon Kim, Sae-Ock Oh
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is the second most common subtype of primary hepatobilliary cancer. Despite advances in surgical and medical therapy, its survival rate remains poor. Compared to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common liver malignancy, the underlying mechanisms of cholangiocarcinoma carcinogenesis are poorly characterized. P-cadherin (CDH3) is a cadherin super family member. Although CDH3 is frequently over-expressed in cholangiocarcinoma tissues, its roles have never been characterized...
June 2010: Anatomy & Cell Biology
Shafqut Ali, Samia Iram
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C is major emerging challenge for pathologists and treating physicians all over the world. Already 10 million Pakistani population has become anti-HCV positive. It is not only affecting hepatobiliary system but with passage of time research is revealing that Hepatitis C is going to involve almost every organ of the body. With timely diagnosis and treatment, millions of patients can be saved from morbidity and mortality. The nation has to sacrifice initial economic allocations to avoid later millions of mortalities and greater economic losses on affected patients and to support their families...
October 2009: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Mariano de la Figuera von Wichmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2008: Medicina Clínica
Anan Chuasuwan, Pongsathorn Gojaseni, Anutra Chittinandana
OBJECTIVE: Continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) is a mode of renal replacement therapy in critically ill patients that has gained popularity all over the world. The authors reviewed one-year experience with CVVH in intensive care units (ICUs) of Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital. The objectives of this study were to describe the characteristics of the patients and demonstrate the association between various factors and outcome. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The medical records of 45 patients who underwent CVVH treatment were analyzed...
August 2006: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Carmen Balotescu, Anca Israil, Roxana Radu, Ionela Alexandru, Georgeta Dobre
Over the last three decades, the literature pointed out the implications of Aeromonas species in human pathology. These species were described as being involved in intestinal (several outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis of choleric/dysenteric form or chronic diarrhoea, ulcerative colitis, etc.) in normal adults or children, as well as in extraintestinal infections in immunocompromised hosts. This last aspect included a large range of cutaneous injuries (micronecrosis, abscesses, bums, cellulites, furunculosis), joint, bones, respiratory, urinary tract, ocular infections up to meningitis, endocarditis, peritonitis, hepatobilliary disease, endotoxic shock and septicemia (as consequence of leech microvascular surgery)...
July 2003: Roumanian Archives of Microbiology and Immunology
J Sváb, M Pesková, Z Krska, R Gürlich, M Kasalický
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic invasive procedures in 70th and 80th years leaded to decrease reoperations on biliary tree. Iatrogenic injury of the biliary tract have increased in incidence in the first decade with the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Athough a number of factors have been identified with a high risk of injury ( and number of technical steps have been emphasized to avoid these injury, the incidence of the bile duct injury has reached at least double the rate observed with open cholecystectomy...
April 2005: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Norihiko Yamamoto, Kazumoto Murata, Hiroyuki Fuke, Tomoko Inoue, Yutaka Yamanaka, Yukiko Saitou, Keiichi Ito, Kazushi Sugimoto, Mutsumi Koyama, Katsuya Shiraki, Takeshi Nakano
UNLABELLED: The efficacy of continuous arterial infusion chemotherapy through a subcutaneously implanted port has been reported with less adverse effects than systemic chemotherapy in hepatobilliary malignancies. However, macrocytic anemia is sometimes seen during this therapy. In 25 patients (22 with hepatocellular carcinoma, 3 with cholangiocellular carcinoma) treated with cisplatinum (10mg/day) and 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) (250 mg/day), the frequency of anemia and its etiologies were evaluated...
March 2005: Anticancer Research
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