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Elvitegravir in childrens

Pierre Frange, Véronique Avettand-Fenoel, Florence Veber, Stéphane Blanche, Marie-Laure Chaix
Objectives: To describe the prevalence of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) among 84 children newly diagnosed with HIV in France in 2006-17. Methods: HIV-1 resistance-associated mutations (RAMs) were characterized using both the 2009 Stanford list of mutations and the 2017 French National Agency for AIDS Research (ANRS) algorithm. A genotypic susceptibility score (GSS) was estimated for each first-line recommended ART combination. Results: Patients were mainly infected through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) (73/84; 86...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Aditya H Gaur, Hilda Kizito, Wasana Prasitsueubsai, Natella Rakhmanina, Mohammed Rassool, Rana Chakraborty, Jagmohan Batra, Pope Kosalaraksa, Wicharn Luesomboon, Danielle Porter, Yongwu Shao, Michael Myers, Lillian Ting, Devi SenGupta, Erin Quirk, Martin S Rhee
BACKGROUND: The prodrug tenofovir alafenamide is associated with improved renal and bone safety compared with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. We aimed to assess safety, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of this single-tablet, fixed-dose combination of elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide in HIV-infected, treatment-naive adolescents. METHODS: We did a 48 week, single-arm, open-label trial in treatment-naive adolescents with HIV from ten hospital clinics in South Africa, Thailand, Uganda, and the USA...
December 2016: Lancet HIV
Walter Dehority, Jacobo Abadi, Andrew Wiznia, Rolando M Viani
Resistance to antiretroviral drugs is an increasingly prevalent challenge affecting both the adult and pediatric HIV-infected populations. Though data on the safety, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of newer antiretroviral agents in children typically lags behind adult data, newer agents are becoming available for use in HIV-infected children who are failing to respond to or are experiencing toxicities with traditional antiretroviral regimens. Integrase strand transfer inhibitors are one such new class of antiretrovirals...
September 2015: Drugs
Ingo Stock
Integrase inhibitors are a promising new group of antiretroviral drugs that suppress the integrase yielded by human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) via inhibiting the ,,integration" of the viral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) into the hosts' DNA genome. In 2007, raltegravir was the first integrase inhibitor that has been approved for the treatment of HIV-1 infections in antiretroviral-pretreated (-experienced) and antiretroviral-naive patients. Recently, elvitegravir, as a fixed coformulation with cobicistat, tenofovir und emtricitabine, has been approved for the treatment of HIV-1-infected antiretroviral-naive patients...
December 2013: Medizinische Monatsschrift Für Pharmazeuten
Janice Soo Fern Lee, Alexandra Calmy, Isabelle Andrieux-Meyer, Nathan Ford
Integrase inhibitors represent an important new class of antiretroviral drugs. Elvitegravir, the second available integrase inhibitor to be submitted for regulatory approval appears to be a promising once-daily agent when combined with other antiretroviral drugs. Elvitegravir has demonstrated good efficacy and safety, with minimal side effects and no specific requirements in terms of laboratory monitoring. In addition, elvitegravir is available as a fixed-dose combination. However, the drug requires boosting and this leads to a number of drug-drug interactions and necessary dose adjustment when dosing with certain drugs, including dose reduction in the presence of atazanavir, lopinavir, rifabutin, and ketoconazole, and dose increase for ethinyl estradiol when co-administered with boosted elvitegravir...
2012: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
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