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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929060/laser-assisted-double-layer-endoscopic-repair-of-laryngeal-clefts-our-experience-in-11-cases
#1
Danah Aljomah, Jaber Alshammari
Laryngeal cleft is a rare congenital malformation of the respiratory tract leading to a high level of morbidity and mortality, recently being diagnosed with increased frequency. Management throughout the years included medical and surgical. The open surgical technique is more commonly used although it has higher risk and need longer post-operative care. Recently surgical endoscopic repair was introduced using different techniques. To evaluate the clinical features of infants and children presenting with laryngeal clefts, and review endoscopic management modality especially the technique and results of repair using double-layer (2 layers) technique...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917827/recommendations-on-the-use-of-neuromonitoring-in-thyroid-and-parathyroid-surgery
#2
José Luis Pardal-Refoyo, Pablo Parente-Arias, Marta María Arroyo-Domingo, Juan Manuel Maza-Solano, José Granell-Navarro, Jesús María Martínez-Salazar, Ramón Moreno-Luna, Elvylins Vargas-Yglesias
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid and parathyroid surgery (TPTS) is associated with risk of injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve, superior laryngeal nerve and voice changes. Intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM), intermittent or continuous, evaluates the functional state of the laryngeal nerves and is being increasingly used. This means that points of consensus on the most controversial aspects are necessary. OBJECTIVE: To develop a support document for guidance on the use of IONM in TPTS...
September 14, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915907/effect-of-a-mother-s-recorded-voice-on-emergence-from-general-anesthesia-in-pediatric-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Seok Young Song, Sang Gyu Kwak, Eugene Kim
BACKGROUND: Emergence delirium is a behavioral disturbance after general anesthesia in children and may distress both the patients and the primary caregivers, such as parents and medical staff, looking after the patients. Various medical and emotional interventions have been investigated to reduce emergence delirium; however, none are completely effective. This trial intends to assess whether the mother's recorded voice can reduce this adverse post-anesthesia event and facilitate arousal from general anesthesia...
September 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895711/-post-intubation-laryngeal-granuloma-a-rare-complication-of-tracheal-intubation-in-pediatrics-case-report
#4
Giselle Cuestas, Verónica Rodríguez, Flavia Doormann, Patricio Bellia Munzón, Gastón Bellia Munzón
Laryngeal granulomas are benign lesions located in the posterior third of the glottis, mainly at the level of the vocal apophysis of the arytenoid cartilage. They are typically associated with three etiological factors: endotracheal intubation, inappropriate voice use and/or gastroesophageal reflux. The formation of a post-intubation laryngeal granuloma is a late complication related to intubation injury. It is uncommon in the child, especially if the period of intubation is short. It is usually unilateral and produces dysphonia, pharyngeal foreign body sensation and cough...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892942/multifocal-presentation-of-a-laryngeal-disorder
#5
T K Prakash, S Abhilash, G Rajeshwari, H Sundararaju
Multifocal presentation of a laryngeal disorder is very rare. We report a case of a 48-year-old man, who presented to our hospital with hoarse voice for two years. Stroboscopic evaluation followed by surgery was done and the specimens were sent for histopathological examination from three different anatomical sites of larynx which were diagnosed as one-benign lesion, second-benign lesion but ability of malignant transformation and the third-a malignancy.
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857840/voice-rest-after-laryngeal-surgery-what-s-the-evidence
#6
Mami Kaneko, Shigeru Hirano
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article aims to review previous research reports and to summarize current strategies for the optimal duration of voice rest and the effect of phonatory stimulation after phonomicrosurgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Voice rest is commonly recommended after laryngeal surgery to prevent worsening of vocal fold injuries. However, there are no established standard protocol for voice rest, and the type and duration of voice rest vary among clinicians. The most effective duration of voice rest is unknown...
August 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837753/functional-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-after-total-laryngectomy-with-noncircumferential-radial-forearm-free-tissue-transfer
#7
Donna J Graville, Andrew D Palmer, Christine M Chambers, Lauren Ottenstein, Breanne Whalen, Peter E Andersen, Mark K Wax, James I Cohen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare long-term functional and quality of life (QOL) outcomes after total laryngectomy with primary closure and those who underwent reconstruction with noncircumferential radial free forearm tissue transfer (RFFTT). METHODS: Sixty-seven patients were identified by chart review and underwent long-term follow-up using QOL surveys and standardized interviews. RESULTS: The RFFTT group had significantly higher rates of chemotherapy, gastric tube (G-tube) at surgery, and postoperative stricture...
August 24, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815307/clinical-outcomes-after-local-anesthesia-with-monitored-anesthesia-care-during-thyroidectomy-and-selective-neck-dissection-a-randomized-study
#8
Min-Su Kim, Bo-Hae Kim, Young Eun Han, Dong Woo Nam, J Hun Hah
Although thyroidectomy under local anesthesia with monitored anesthesia care (LA-MAC) has been reported, reports of neck dissections beyond level VI under LA-MAC in patients with thyroid cancer are rare. We aimed to analyze clinical data and patient satisfaction levels during thyroidectomy and selective neck dissection by comparing LA-MAC and general anesthesia (GA) in adult patients undergoing these surgeries for thyroid cancer. The 60 enrolled patients comprised 50 patients that underwent thyroidectomy and 10 that underwent selective neck dissection; 30 underwent thyroidectomy (n = 25) or selective neck dissection (n = 5) under LA-MAC and 30 (matched patients) underwent thyroidectomy (n = 25) or selective neck dissection (n = 5) under GA...
August 16, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770347/web-thickness-determines-the-therapeutic-effect-of-endoscopic-keel-placement-on-anterior-glottic-web
#9
Jian Chen, Fang Shi, Min Chen, Yue Yang, Lei Cheng, Haitao Wu
This work is a retrospective analysis to investigate the critical risk factor for the therapeutic effect of endoscopic keel placement on anterior glottic web. Altogether, 36 patients with anterior glottic web undergoing endoscopic lysis and silicone keel placement were enrolled. Their voice qualities were evaluated using the voice handicap index-10 (VHI-10) questionnaire, and improved significantly 3 months after surgery (21.53 ± 3.89 vs 9.81 ± 6.68, P < 0.0001). However, 10 (27.8%) cases had web recurrence during the at least 1-year follow-up...
August 2, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761586/evolving-attitudes-toward-robotic-surgery-among-canadian-urology-residents
#10
Jennifer Locke, Michael Robinson, Andrew MacNeily, S Larry Goldenberg, Peter C Black
INTRODUCTION: Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RAS) has not been adopted as rapidly or widely in Canada as in the U.S. In 2011, Canadian urology residents felt that RAS represented an expanding field that could potentially negatively impact their training. We re-evaluate trainee exposure and attitudes to RAS in Canadian residency training five years later. METHODS: All Canadian urology residents were asked to participate in an online survey designed to assess current resident exposure to and perception of RAS...
July 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758609/lateral-neck-dissection-affects-the-voice-in-thyroid-cancer-patients
#11
I-C Nam, J-S Bae, S-H Lee, J-O Park, S-Y Kim, Y-H Joo, Y-H Park, D-I Sun
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the effect of lateral neck dissection on voice change in thyroidectomised patients. METHODS: Medical records from 264 patients who underwent thyroidectomy with (n = 65) or without (n = 199) lateral neck dissection were reviewed. Clinical and voice evaluation data were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Patients who underwent surgery that included lateral neck dissection had lower fundamental frequencies and speaking fundamental frequencies...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756683/factors-influencing-clinical-consistency-and-variability-in-voice-prosthesis-management
#12
Kelli L Hancock, Elizabeth C Ward, Robyn A Burnett, Peta K Graciet, Priscilla J Lenne, Julia C F MaClean, Felicity J Megee
PURPOSE: Anecdotally it is recognised that management of tracheoesophageal speech (TES) post-laryngectomy varies between speech language pathology (SLP) services and clinicians. This study reviewed patterns of practice for TES management to examine patterns of practice and explore factors influencing variability. METHOD: A national survey was completed by SLP's from clinical services which manage TES. This online survey examined demographic and caseload information, initial voice prosthesis (VP) placement and procedures, VP cleaning and care recommendations, humidification management, equipment and service provision, and service delivery options at each site...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736846/time-course-of-recovery-of-idiopathic-vocal-fold-paralysis
#13
Solomon Husain, Babak Sadoughi, Niv Mor, Ariana M Levin, Lucian Sulica
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To clarify the time course of recovery in patients with idiopathic vocal fold paralysis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: Medical records for all patients with idiopathic vocal fold paralysis over a 10-year period were reviewed to obtain demographic and clinical information, including onset of disease and recovery of vocal function. Stroboscopic exams of patients who recovered voice were reviewed blindly to assess return of vocal fold motion...
July 24, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733246/defective-recognition-and-naming-of-famous-people-from-voice-in-patients-with-unilateral-temporal-lobe-tumours
#14
C Papagno, G Mattavelli, A Casarotti, L Bello, G Gainotti
Twenty-nine patients who underwent surgery for a temporal glioma, either in the left (16 patients) or right (13 patients) hemisphere, were administered standardized tests of unknown voice discrimination (UVD) and of famous voice recognition (VO-REC), which included tasks of familiarity evaluation, semantic identification and naming of famous voices. The UVD consisted of twenty stimuli, in which two audio files were consecutively presented; the subject was requested to judge whether the voices belonged to the same or different persons...
July 18, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719756/medialization-laryngoplasty-in-the-elderly-outcomes-and-expectations
#15
Andrew Jay Bowen, Tiffany L Huang, Michael S Benninger, Paul C Bryson
Objective To describe the profile and outcomes of elderly patients undergoing medialization laryngoplasty for vocal cord paralysis. Study Design Case series with retrospective review. Setting Tertiary care hospital. Subjects and Methods Patients were included in the study if they were >65 years old at the time of medialization laryngoplasty between 2008 and 2015. Patient comorbidities, anticoagulation status, disease etiology, and physical examination findings were recorded with postoperative length of stay, complications, pre- and posttreatment voice outcomes with the Voice Handicap Index (at 6 weeks, 4 months, 8 months, and 1 year), and postprocedural interventions (revision injections, surgery, therapy)...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713750/comminuted-laryngeal-fracture-following-blunt-trauma-a-need-for-strict-legislation-on-roads
#16
Shraddha Jain, Pragya Singh, Minal Gupta, Bhavna Kamble, Suresh S Phatak
Laryngeal fracture is a rare condition with potential life-long implications related to airway patency, voice quality, and swallowing. Rarity of the condition leads to lack of consensus on the most suitable way to manage this injury. The mode of injury can be prevented by strict legislation on the roads. We report a case of a 28-year-old Indian male who sustained a comminuted displaced fracture of the thyroid cartilage with disruption of anterior commissure due to blunt trauma caused by the metallic side rod of a ladder projecting from the rear of a vehicle in front of the bike on which he was riding...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712704/impact-of-perioperative-voice-therapy-on-outcomes-in-the-surgical-management-of-vocal-fold-cysts
#17
Kathleen M Tibbetts, Laura M Dominguez, C Blake Simpson
INTRODUCTION: Vocal fold cysts are benign mid-membranous lesions of the true vocal fold, classified as mucus retention or epidermal inclusion cysts. Treatment is surgical excision with or without postoperative voice therapy. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of the demographics, treatment approach, and outcomes of patients treated for vocal fold cysts between 2009 and 2014. Voice Handicap Index (VHI)-10 scores before and after treatment were compared using the Wilcoxon Rank-Sum test and the two-tailed Student's t test...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701595/cardiovascular-operation-a-significant-risk-factor-of-arytenoid-cartilage-dislocation-subluxation-after-anesthesia
#18
Seri Tsuru, Mayuko Wakimoto, Takeshi Iritakenishi, Makoto Ogawa, Yukio Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Arytenoid cartilage dislocation/subluxation is one of the rare complications following tracheal intubation, and there have been no reports about risk factors leading this complication. From our clinical experience, we have an impression that patients undergoing cardiovascular operations tend to be associated with this complication. AIMS: We designed a large retrospective study to reveal the incidence and risk factors predicting the occurrence and to examine whether our impression is true...
July 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688211/reducing-sedation-time-for-thyroplasty-with-arytenoid-adduction-with-sequential-anesthetic-technique
#19
Charles K Saadeh, Eric B Rosero, Girish P Joshi, Esra Ozayar, Ted Mau
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which a sequential anesthetic technique 1) shortens time under sedation for thyroplasty with arytenoid adduction (TP-AA), 2) affects the total operative time, and 3) changes the voice outcome compared to TP-AA performed entirely under sedation/analgesia. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: A new sequential anesthetic technique of performing most of the TP-AA surgery under general anesthesia (GA), followed by transition to sedation/analgesia (SA) for voice assessment, was developed to achieve smooth emergence from GA...
July 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684786/autologous-thyroid-cartilage-graft-implantation-in-medialization-laryngoplasty-a-modified-approach-for-treating-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#20
Ming-Shao Tsai, Ming-Yu Yang, Geng-He Chang, Yao-Te Tsai, Meng-Hung Lin, Cheng-Ming Hsu
Medialization laryngoplasty is the standard surgical treatment for unilateral vocal fold paralysis. This study presents a modified approach in which a thyroid cartilage graft is implanted in medialization laryngoplasty. 22 patients who underwent this approach were included in the study. The results revealed that glottal incompetence and vocal performance were markedly improved following surgery, and the follow-up period ranged from 6 to 74 months (mean, 21.4 months). Acoustic analysis revealed significant improvements in the maximum phonation time (from 3...
July 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
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