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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346792/pancreaticoduodenectomy-and-outcomes-for-groove-pancreatitis
#1
Fabiola Aguilera, Levan Tsamalaidze, Massimo Raimondo, Ruchir Puri, Horacio J Asbun, John A Stauffer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The operative management of groove pancreatitis (GP) is still a matter of controversy and pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) can be a high-risk procedure for patients. The aim of this study was to report our 9-year experience of surgical resection for GP and to review relevant literature. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing pancreatectomy for GP from August 1, 2008, through May 31, 2017 was performed. Patients with clinical, radiologic, and final pathologic confirmation of GP were included...
January 18, 2018: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346421/the-absence-of-specific-yeast-heat-shock-proteins-leads-to-abnormal-aggregation-and-compromised-autophagic-clearance-of-mutant-huntingtin-proteins
#2
Ryan Higgins, Marie-Helene Kabbaj, Alexa Hatcher, Yanchang Wang
The functionality of a protein depends on its correct folding, but newly synthesized proteins are susceptible to aberrant folding and aggregation. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) function as molecular chaperones that aid in protein folding and the degradation of misfolded proteins. Trinucleotide (CAG) repeat expansion in the Huntingtin gene (HTT) results in the expression of misfolded Huntingtin protein (Htt), which contributes to the development of Huntington's disease. We previously found that the degradation of mutated Htt with polyQ expansion (Htt103QP) depends on both ubiquitin proteasome system and autophagy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345808/immune-protective-effects-of-chitooligosaccharides-on-mice-genital-tract-infected-by-chlamydia-trachomatis
#3
Li Qian, Linjun Chen
PROBLEM: The immune protective effects of chitooligosaccharides (COs) on mouse genital tract infected by Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) were unknown. METHODS: The minimum effective/infective dose was obtained by establishing the murine model of the genital tract infected by Ct. The model mice were treated with different doses (0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 g/kg,) of COs and 0.9% saline, and the serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody and interleukin (IL)-11 levels were then assayed...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341423/variable-immune-deficiency-related-to-deletion-size-in-chromosome-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#4
Blaine Crowley, Melanie Ruffner, Donna M McDonald McGinn, Kathleen E Sullivan
The clinical features of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome include virtually every organ of the body. This review will focus on the immune system and the differences related to deletion breakpoints. A hypoplastic thymus was one of the first features described in this syndrome and low T cell counts, as a consequence of thymic hypoplasia, are the most commonly described immunologic feature. These are most prominently seen in early childhood and can be associated with increased persistence of viruses. Later in life, evidence of T cell exhaustion may be seen and secondary deficiencies of antibody function have been described...
January 17, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341124/metric-assessment-of-the-pubic-bone-using-known-and-novel-data-points-for-sex-estimation
#5
Kathleen A S Blake, Kristen Hartnett-McCann
Biological sex estimation of skeletal remains is essential in forensic and archaeological analyses. Anthropologists most often use the pelvis, which is the most sexually dimorphic element both morphologically and metrically. While nonmetric pubic bone features have been studied extensively, few metric studies have examined this individual bone for dimorphism. For this study, three observers examined three previously identified and ten novel measurements of the pubic body on a modern sample of isolated pubic bones from the Maricopa County Forensic Science Center (FSC), in Phoenix, Arizona (n = 400)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339649/cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-insulin-resistance-after-two-hypocaloric-diets-with-different-fat-distribution-in-obese-subjects-effect-of-the-rs10767664-gene-variant-in-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor
#6
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Enrique Romero, Olatz Izaola, David Primo, Rocío Aller
BACKGROUND: The role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) variants on change in body weight and cardiovascular risk factors after weight loss remains unclear in obese patients. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to analyze the effects of the rs10767664 BDNF gene polymorphism on body weight, cardiovascular risk factors, and serum adipokine levels after a high monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) hypocaloric diet (diet M) versus a high polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) hypocaloric diet (diet P)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339511/the-role-of-obesity-in-exceptionally-slow-us-mortality-improvement
#7
Samuel H Preston, Yana C Vierboom, Andrew Stokes
Recent studies have described a reduction in the rate of improvement in American mortality. The pace of improvement is also slow by international standards. This paper attempts to identify the extent to which rising body mass index (BMI) is responsible for reductions in the rate of mortality improvement in the United States. The data for this study were obtained from subsequent cohorts of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988-1994; NHANES continuous, 1999-2010) and from the NHANES linked mortality files, which include follow-up into death records through December 2011...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338856/parental-health-status-and-infant-outcomes-upstate-kids-study
#8
Germaine M Buck Louis, Erin Bell, Yunlong Xie, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Edwina Yeung
OBJECTIVE: To assess parental health status inclusive of infertility and infant outcomes. DESIGN: Birth cohort with cross-sectional analysis of parental health status and infant outcomes. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Parents (n = 4,886) and infants (n = 5,845) participating in the Upstate KIDS birth cohort. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Infertility was defined as [1] sexually active without contraception for 1+ years without pregnancy, [2] ever requiring ≥12 months to become pregnant, and [3] requiring ≥12 months for index pregnancy...
January 12, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338836/systems-levers-for-commissioning-primary-mental-healthcare-a-rapid-review
#9
Carla Meurk, Meredith Harris, Eryn Wright, Nicola Reavley, Roman Scheurer, Bridget Bassilios, Caroline Salom, Jane Pirkis
Primary Health Networks (PHNs) are a new institution for health systems management in the Australian healthcare system. PHNs will play a key role in mental health reform through planning and commissioning primary mental health services at a regional level, specifically adopting a stepped care approach. Selected PHNs are also trialling a healthcare homes approach. Little is known about the systems levers that could be applied by PHNs to achieve these aims. A rapid review of academic and grey literature published between 2006 and 2016 was undertaken to describe the use of systems levers in commissioning primary care services...
January 17, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337622/isolation-of-avipoxvirus-from-tongue-of-canaries-serinus-canaria-show-severe-localized-proliferative-glossitis
#10
Salvatore Catania, Silvia Carnaccini, Marta Mainenti, Maria Luisa Moronato, Federica Gobbo, Terregino Calogero
Poxvirus was the causative agent of two unusual outbreaks of proliferative glossitis in canary ( Serinus canaria forma domestica) breeders in the Northern Italy. A total of 45, 7-9-mo-old canaries were submitted in fair postmortem conditions to the Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie at the beginning of November 2005 for diagnostic investigation. Birds belonged to two unrelated and geographically distant aviaries in northern Italy, herein identified as Aviary A and Aviary B. The two breeder flocks had both attended the same bird exposition held at the beginning of October and started experiencing an onset of high mortality 3 wk after the show...
December 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337616/chronologic-analysis-of-gross-and-histologic-lesions-induced-by-field-strains-of-fadv-1-fadv-8b-and-fadv-11-in-six-week-old-chickens
#11
Penelope Steer-Cope, Jeanine Sandy, Denise O'Rourke, Peter Scott, Glenn Browning, Amir Noormohammadi
Inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) is a disease affecting broiler chicken flocks worldwide. Several serotypes of fowl adenovirus (FAdV) have been implicated in disease outbreaks, with and without immunosuppression as a predisposing factor. IBH usually occurs in flocks up to 30 days of age; it is seldom seen in older birds. The objective of this study was to determine whether the pathogenicity for older birds of three FAdV field strains, belonging to serotypes 1, 8b, and 11, in the absence of immunosuppressive factors, was akin to that for younger birds, and to establish an effective and economical disease model for assessing cross-protection between serotypes...
December 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337603/an-integrative-review-of-nonpharmacological-interventions-to-improve-sleep-among-adults-with-advanced-serious-illness
#12
Elizabeth Capezuti, Rana Sagha Zadeh, Nicole Woody, Aleksa Basara, Ana C Krieger
BACKGROUND: Sleep fragmentation is common among those with advanced serious illness. Nonpharmacological interventions to improve sleep have few, if any, adverse effects and are often underutilized in these settings. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to summarize the literature related to nonpharmacological interventions to improve sleep among adults with advanced serious illness. METHODS: We systematically searched six electronic databases for literature reporting sleep outcomes associated with nonpharmacological interventions that included participants with advanced serious illness during the period of 1996-2016...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334467/robot-assisted-upper-extremity-rehabilitation-for-cervical-spinal-cord-injuries-a-systematic-scoping-review
#13
Hardeep Singh, Janelle Unger, José Zariffa, Maureen Pakosh, Susan Jaglal, B Catharine Craven, Kristin E Musselman
Abstact Purpose: To provide an overview of the feasibility and outcomes of robotic-assisted upper extremity training for individuals with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI), and to identify gaps in current research and articulate future research directions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, CCTR, CDSR, CINAHL and PubMed on June 7, 2017. Search terms included 3 themes: (1) robotics; (2) SCI; (3) upper extremity. Studies using robots for upper extremity rehabilitation among individuals with cervical SCI were included...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333643/race-sex-and-discrimination-in-school-settings-a-multilevel-analysis-of-associations-with-delinquency
#14
Brittany D Chambers, Jennifer Toller Erausquin
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical phase of development and experimentation with delinquent behaviors. There is a growing body of literature exploring individual and structural impacts of discrimination on health outcomes and delinquent behaviors. However, there is limited research assessing how school diversity and discrimination impact students' delinquent behaviors. In response, the purpose of this study was to assess if individual- and school-level indicators of discrimination and diversity were associated with student delinquent behaviors among African American and White students...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331383/population-pharmacokinetics-of-high-dose-methotrexate-in-patients-with-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma
#15
Shenghui Mei, Xingang Li, Xueyun Jiang, Kefu Yu, Song Lin, Zhigang Zhao
The intra- and inter-individual variances of methotrexate (MTX) pharmacokinetics are extremely large, and the pharmacokinetic property of MTX in patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is unestablished. A total of 701 MTX plasma concentrations from 98 patients with PCNSL under High-dose methotrexate (HDMTX) therapy were used to develop the population pharmacokinetic (popPK) model of MTX by using the nonlinear mixed-effects modeling method. A two-compartment model was employed to describe the pharmacokinetic property of MTX...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330884/synapsin-iii-is-a-key-component-of-%C3%AE-synuclein-fibrils-in-lewy-bodies-of-pd-brains
#16
Francesca Longhena, Gaia Faustini, Tatiana Varanita, Michela Zaltieri, Vanessa Porrini, Isabella Tessari, Pietro Luigi Poliani, Cristina Missale, Barbara Borroni, Alessandro Padovani, Luigi Bubacco, Marina Pizzi, PierFranco Spano, Arianna Bellucci
Lewy bodies (LB) and Lewy neurites (LN), which are primarily composed of α-synuclein (α-syn), are neuropathological hallmarks of Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). We recently found that the neuronal phosphoprotein synapsin III (syn III) controls dopamine release via cooperation with α-syn and modulates α-syn aggregation. Here, we observed that LB and LN, in the substantia nigra of PD patients and hippocampus of one subject with DLB, displayed a marked immunopositivity for syn III...
January 13, 2018: Brain Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#17
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330282/population-dependent-intron-retention-and-dna-methylation-in-breast-cancer
#18
Dongwook Kim, Manu Shivakumar, Seonggyun Han, Michael S Sinclair, Youngji Lee, Yonglan Zheng, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Dokyoon Kim, Younghee Lee
Regulation of gene expression by DNA methylation in gene promoter regions is well-studied; however, the effects of methylation in the gene body (exons and introns) on gene expression are comparatively understudied. Recently, hyper-methylation has been implicated in the inclusion of alternatively spliced exons; moreover, exon recognition can be enhanced by recruiting the methyl-CpG-binding protein (MeCP2) to hyper-methylated sites. This study examines if methylation status of an intron is correlated with how frequently the intron is retained during splicing using DNA methylation and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data from breast cancer tissue specimens in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)...
January 12, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330217/a-systematic-review-of-network-meta-analyses-for-pharmacological-treatment-of-common-mental-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Taryn Williams, Dan J Stein, Jonathan Ipser
QUESTION: Network meta-analyses (NMAs) of treatment efficacy across different pharmacological treatments help inform clinical decision-making, but their methodological quality may vary a lot depending also on the quality of the included primary studies. We therefore conducted a systematic review of NMAs of pharmacological treatment for common mental disorders in order to assess the methodological quality of these NMAs, and to relate study characteristics to the rankings of efficacy and tolerability...
January 12, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329805/preparative-expression-and-purification-of-a-nacreous-protein-n16-and-testing-its-effect-on-osteoporosis-rat-model
#20
Zhen-Yan Xu, Yu-Ling Liu, Jia-Bi Lin, Ke-Ling Cheng, Yong-Gang Wang, Hong-Liang Yao, Wei-Peng, Hoi-Yan Wu, Wei-Wei Su, Pang-Chui Shaw, Pei-Bo Li
N16, a nacreous protein isolated from Pinctada martensii, is related to nacreous layer formation. Our previous study indicated that N16 showed dual regulatory effects by inducing osteoblast biomineralization as well as inhibiting osteoclast formation. In order to obtain large quantity of N16 for animal experiment and clinical trial, a fermentation and preparative purification method was established. The N16 cDNA was cloned to a BL21(DE3)plysE-pET32a vector and grown in a 20 L fermenter. The medium, temperature, pH and dissolved oxygen (DO) were optimized...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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