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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783252/the-analytical-prognosis-of-the-susceptibility-to-aminoglycosides-and-doxycycline-inacinetobacter-baumanniiisoolated-from-burns-of-intensive-care-unit-patients
#1
Vasyl I Nahaichuk, Oleksandr A Nazarchuk, Neonila I Osadchuk, Dmytro V Dmytriiev, Halyna H Nazarchuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Clinical strains of A.baumannii are becoming highly important in hospital-acquired infections, especially because of their association with low susceptibility to antibiotics, which requires in-depth study with a prognostic determination of the dynamics of antimicrobial efficacy of antibiotics. The aim was to investigate of prognostic models of aminoglycoside antibiotics effectiveness on the basis of the mathematical analysis of real susceptibility of A.baumannii clinical strains, isolated from patients in BICU...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783242/specific-nature-of-changes-in-main-immunohistochemical-parameters-of-neoangiogenesis-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#2
Iryna Ya Voznyak, Оrysya О Syzon, Marianna O Dashko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Psoriasis is a skin disease that is accompanied by systemic inflammation and affects about 1 to 5% of the population worldwide. Taking into consideration the data of scientific investigation, at present psoriasis is explained as genetically determined chronic multi factor polysystemic dermatosis. The aim of our research was to determine morphological peculiarities of skin lesions in patients with common psoriasis, investigation of the levels of expression of immunohistochemical markers of vascularization, depending on psoriasis form and severity of the course of pathological processes...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783213/-socioecological-features-of-the-epidemiology-of-sarcoidosis-in-the-poltava-region-ukraine
#3
Dmytro M Boiko, Volodymyr H Pecherytsia, Oksana S Boiko, Svitlana M Kulyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Lung sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease that can affect various organs and systems of a person. Due to the lack of a uniform standardized approach to the diagnosis of sarcoidosis, the epidemiological pattern is heterogeneous and depends on many factors. The aim: To investigate the correlation between the number of patients with sarcoidosis among the population of the Poltava region (Ukraine) and the ecological characteristics of the industrial activity of the region in comparison with the data on the availability of subspecialists in respiratory diseases...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783102/strain-analysis-from-nano-beam-electron-diffraction-influence-of-specimen-tilt-and-beam-convergence
#4
Tim Grieb, Florian F Krause, Marco Schowalter, Dennis Zillmann, Roman Sellin, Knut Müller-Caspary, Christoph Mahr, Thorsten Mehrtens, Dieter Bimberg, Andreas Rosenauer
Strain analyses from experimental series of nano-beam electron diffraction (NBED) patterns in scanning transmission electron microscopy are performed for different specimen tilts. Simulations of NBED series are presented for which strain analysis gives results that are in accordance with experiment. This consequently allows to study the relation between measured strain and actual underlying strain. A two-tilt method which can be seen as lowest-order electron beam precession is suggested and experimentally implemented...
April 12, 2018: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783076/disrupted-reward-and-cognitive-control-networks-contribute-to-anhedonia-in-depression
#5
Liang Gong, Cancan He, Haisan Zhang, Hongxing Zhang, Zhijun Zhang, Chunming Xie
Neuroimaging studies have identified that anhedonia, a core feature of major depressive disorder (MDD), is associated with dysfunction in reward and cognitive control processing. However, it is still not clear how the reward network (β-network) and the cognitive control network (δ-network) are linked to biased anhedonia in MDD patients. Sixty-eight MDD patients and 64 cognitively normal (CN) subjects underwent a resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scan. A 2*2 ANCOVA analysis was used to explore the differences in the nucleus accumbens-based, voxelwise functional connectivity (FC) between the groups...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783064/aerobic-resistance-or-combined-training-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-exercise-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk-in-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#6
Michael A Wewege, Jeanette M Thom, Kerry-Anne Rye, Belinda J Parmenter
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise is beneficial to individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). An understudied group, who represent the majority of the MetS population, are individuals who have not developed diabetes. This review examined aerobic, resistance and combined (aerobic + resistance) exercise for cardiovascular risk factors in MetS without diabetes. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched up to September 2017 for randomised controlled trials >4 weeks in duration that compared an exercise intervention to the non-exercise control in MetS without diabetes...
May 3, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783031/a-unique-all-payer-rate-setting-system-controls-the-cost-but-not-the-racial-disparity-in-lower-extremity-revascularization-procedures
#7
Besma Nejim, Robert J Beaulieu, Husain Alshaikh, Mohammed Hamouda, Joseph Canner, Mahmoud B Malas
BACKGROUND: Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) often have high comorbidity burden that may complicate post-interventional course and drive increased healthcare expenditures. Racial disparity had been observed in lower extremity revascularization (LER) patterns and outcomes. In 2014, Maryland adopted an all-payer rate setting system to limit the rising hospitalization costs. This resulted in an aggregate payment system in which hospital compensation takes place as an overall per capita expenditure for hospital services...
May 18, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782398/benefit-and-harm-of-adding-epinephrine-to-a-local-anesthetic-for-neuraxial-and-locoregional-anesthesia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-with-trial-sequential-analyses
#8
Clément Tschopp, Martin R Tramèr, Alexis Schneider, Maroun Zaarour, Nadia Elia
BACKGROUND: This systematic review examines the benefit and harm of adding epinephrine to local anesthetics for epidural, intrathecal, or locoregional anesthesia. METHODS: We searched electronic databases to October 2017 for randomized trials comparing any local anesthetic regimen combined with epinephrine, with the same local anesthetic regimen without epinephrine, reporting on duration of analgesia, time to 2 segments regression, or any adverse effects. Trial quality was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool and a random-effects model was used...
May 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782180/current-evidence-on-heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-as-a-complementary-anticraving-intervention
#9
Nour Alayan, Lucille Eller, Marsha E Bates, Dennis P Carmody
BACKGROUND: The limited success of conventional anticraving interventions encourages research into new treatment strategies. Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB), which is based on slowed breathing, was shown to improve symptom severity in various disorders. HRVB, and certain rates of controlled breathing (CB), may offer therapeutic potential as a complementary drug-free treatment option to help control substance craving. METHODS: This review evaluated current evidence on the effectiveness of HRVB and CB training as a complementary anticraving intervention, based on guidelines from the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782047/greater-occipital-nerve-injection-versus-oral-steroids-for-short-term-prophylaxis-of-cluster-headache-a-retrospective-comparative-study
#10
Jerry Wei, Matthew S Robbins
OBJECTIVE: To investigate our experience with oral steroid and greater occipital nerve (GON) injection with steroid as transitional treatments for cluster headache. BACKGROUND: Cluster headache is a primary headache disorder characterized by multiple episodes of intense unilateral pain with autonomic features. During cluster headache attacks, transitional therapies are useful while prophylactic dosages are initiated or increased. There are limited data comparing the efficacy of oral versus injected transitional treatments...
May 21, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782029/a-technique-for-a-nano-textured-gapless-microlens-array-using-self-formation-characteristics-of-anodic-alumina
#11
Yong Min Park, Woong Ki Jang, Tae Hwan Shin, Byeong Hee Kim, Young Ho Seo
This paper presents a method to utilize the growth properties of anodic alumina possessing self-formation characteristics to fabricate a nano-textured microstructure and also introduces an application technique of the proposed method. The growth rate of anodic alumina, fabricated on aluminum surfaces, has a strong dependence on the intensity of the applied current density or electric field. The uniformity of the thickness of anodic alumina is determined by its electrical distribution characteristics. Accordingly, microscale structures can be fabricated using the growth rate deviation of anodic alumina...
May 21, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781981/national-patient-safety-program-in-brazil-incidents-reported-between-2014-and-2017
#12
Tássia Nery Faustino, Edenise Maria Santos da Silva Batalha, Silvana Lima Vieira, Andressa Garcia Nicole, Alexandre Souza Morais, Daisy Maria Rizatto Tronchin, Marta Maria Melleiro
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the patient safety incidents reported to the Brazilian National Health Surveillance System from March 2014 to March 2017. METHOD: A documentary study that used the records of the incidents published in the Reports of Adverse Events (AE) in Brazil. The following variables were selected: number of incidents by type, type of health service, hospital unit, and degree of harm. To find whether there was a significant difference across the Brazilian regions by notifications related to general incidents, AE, and deaths, the analysis of variance and the Tukey tests were used...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781978/mixed-methods-evaluation-of-real-time-safety-reporting-by-hospitalized-patients-and-their-care-partners-the-mysafecare-application
#13
Sarah A Collins, Brittany Couture, Ann DeBord Smith, Esteban Gershanik, Elizabeth Lilley, Frank Chang, Cathy Yoon, Stuart Lipsitz, Aziz Sheikh, James Benneyan, David W Bates
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to evaluate the amount and content of data patients and care partners reported using a real-time electronic safety tool compared with other reporting mechanisms and to understand their perspectives on safety concerns and reporting in the hospital. METHODS: This study used mixed methods including 20-month preimplementation and postimplementation trial evaluating MySafeCare, a web-based application, which allows hospitalized patients/care partners to report safety concerns in real time...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781923/going-beyond-clinical-care-to-reduce-health-care-spending-findings-from-the-j-chip-community-based-population-health-management-program-evaluation
#14
Shannon M E Murphy, Douglas E Hough, Martha L Sylvia, Melissa Sherry, Linda J Dunbar, Raymond Zollinger, Regina Richardson, Scott A Berkowitz, Kevin D Frick
BACKGROUND: Addressing both clinical and nonclinical determinants of health is essential for improving population health outcomes. In 2012, the Johns Hopkins Community Health Partnership (J-CHiP) implemented innovative population health management programs across acute and community environments. The community-based program involved multidisciplinary teams [ie, physicians, care managers (CM), health behavior specialists (HBS), community health workers, neighborhood navigators] and collaboration with community-based organizations to address social determinants...
May 17, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781580/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-compared-to-volitional-exercise-in-improving-muscle-function-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-pilot-study
#15
Sara R Piva, Samannaaz S Khoja, Frederico G S Toledo, Mary Chester Wasko, G Kelley Fitzgerald, Bret H Goodpaster, Clair N Smith, Anthony Delitto
OBJECTIVES: To compare the feasibility and effectiveness of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) with high-intensity volitional resistance training in improving muscle structure and function, and physical function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We also described pre- and post-intervention values of myocyte characteristics. METHODS: Two-group single-blinded pilot randomized study in adults with RA. Participants were assigned to 36 sessions over 16 weeks of NMES (n=31) or volitional training (n=28)...
May 21, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781504/epidural-versus-non-epidural-or-no-analgesia-for-pain-management-in-labour
#16
REVIEW
Millicent Anim-Somuah, Rebecca Md Smyth, Allan M Cyna, Anna Cuthbert
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia is a central nerve block technique achieved by injection of a local anaesthetic close to the nerves that transmit pain, and is widely used as a form of pain relief in labour. However, there are concerns about unintended adverse effects on the mother and infant. This is an update of an existing Cochrane Review (Epidural versus non-epidural or no analgesia in labour), last published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of all types of epidural analgesia, including combined-spinal-epidural (CSE) on the mother and the baby, when compared with non-epidural or no pain relief during labour...
May 21, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781443/ion-beam-induced-bending-of-semiconductor-nanowires
#17
Imran Hanif, Osmane Camara, Matheus Araújo Tunes, Robert William Harrison, Graeme Greaves, Stephen E Donnelly, Jonathan A Hinks
The miniaturization of technology increasingly requires the development of both new structures as well as novel techniques for their manufacture and modification. Semiconductor nanowires (NWs) are a prime example of this and as such have been the subject of intense scientific research for applications ranging from microelectronics to nano-electromechanical devices. Ion irradiation has long been a key processing step for semiconductors and the natural extension of this technique to the modification of semiconductor NWs has led to the discovery of ion-beam-induced deformation effects...
May 21, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781374/april-and-staci-could-be-predictors-of-severe-multiorgan-dysfunction-syndrome-in-sepsis
#18
Dajana F Lendak, Dunja M Mihajlović, Aleksandra S Novakov-Mikić, Jasmina M Boban, Milan Ubavić, Snežana V Brkić
Although the role of B cells in sepsis immunoregulation has become an interesting topic, there is lack of data on the role of B cell function regulators in prediction of multiorgan dysfunction syndrome (MODS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of A Proliferation Inducing Ligand (APRIL) and soluble Transmembrane Activator and CAML Interactor Protein (sTACI), the main B cell function regulators, in prediction of MODS development within the first 48h after admission to intensive care unit, among septic patients...
May 21, 2018: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781270/hash-mark-shaped-azaacene-tetramers-with-axial-chirality
#19
Yuki Inoue, Daisuke Sakamaki, Yusuke Tsutsui, Masayuki Gon, Yoshiki Chujo, Shu Seki
The tetramers of azapentacene derivatives with unique hash mark (#)-shaped structures were prepared in a quite facile manner. The #-shaped tetramers are optically active because of possessing extended biaryl skeletons, and the structure of the tetramer composed of four dihydrodiazapentacene (DHDAP) units (1) was investigated as the first example of this kind of molecule. The tetramer 1 showed characteristic chiroptical properties reflecting its orthogonally arranged quadruple DHDAP moieties, as well as redox activity...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781187/eeg-oscillations-during-caress-like-affective-haptic-elicitation
#20
Gaetano Valenza, Alberto Greco, Matteo Bianchi, Mimma Nardelli, Simone Rossi, Enzo Pasquale Scilingo
Noninvasive, objective quantitative techniques to gauge emotional states are fundamental for clinical psychology as they overcome subjective bias of currently used questionnaires. To this end, we investigated brain oscillatory EEG activity during caresslike, affective haptic elicitation conveyed on the forearm at two force (strength of the caress) and three velocity (velocity of the caress) levels. Thirty-two healthy subjects (16 female) were asked to assess each haptic stimulus in terms of arousal (i.e., intensity of emotional perception) and valence (i...
May 20, 2018: Psychophysiology
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