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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926946/a-multi-verse-optimizer-with-levy-flights-for-numerical-optimization-and-its-application-in-test-scheduling-for-network-on-chip
#1
Cong Hu, Zhi Li, Tian Zhou, Aijun Zhu, Chuanpei Xu
We propose a new meta-heuristic algorithm named Levy flights multi-verse optimizer (LFMVO), which incorporates Levy flights into multi-verse optimizer (MVO) algorithm to solve numerical and engineering optimization problems. The Original MVO easily falls into stagnation when wormholes stochastically re-span a number of universes (solutions) around the best universe achieved over the course of iterations. Since Levy flights are superior in exploring unknown, large-scale search space, they are integrated into the previous best universe to force MVO out of stagnation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920704/autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-as-a-complication-of-nivolumab-therapy
#2
Amruth R Palla, Devin Kennedy, Hossain Mosharraf, Donald Doll
Recently, immunotherapeutic drugs, including PD-1 inhibitors (nivolumab, pembrolizumab), PD-L1 inhibitors (atezolizumab, avelumab), and CTLA4 inhibitors (ipiliumumab), have emerged as important additions to the armamentarium against certain malignancies and have been incorporated into therapeutic protocols for first-, second-, or third-line agents for these metastatic cancers. Immune checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab is currently FDA approved for the treatment of patients with metastatic malignant melanoma [Redman et al...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904788/examination-of-the-patellofemoral-joint
#3
Robert C Manske, George J Davies
Patellofemoral pain is one of the leading causes of knee pain in athletes. The many causes of patellofemoral pain make diagnosis unpredictable and examination and treatment difficult. This clinical commentary discusses a detailed physical examination routine for the patient with patellofemoral pain. Critically listening and obtaining a detailed medical history followed by a clearly structured physical examination will allow the physical therapist to diagnose most forms of patellofemoral pain. This clinical commentary goes one step further by suggesting an examination scheme and order in which it should be performed during the examination process...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890223/basic-principles-of-bioengineering-and-regeneration
#4
REVIEW
Tara L Aghaloo, Danny Hadaya
In a quest to provide best-quality treatment, results, and long-term prognosis, physicians must be well versed in emerging sciences and discoveries to more favorably provide suitable options to patients. Bioengineering and regeneration have rapidly developed, and with them, the options afforded to surgeons are ever-expanding. Grafting techniques can be modified according to evolving knowledge. The basic principles of bioengineering are discussed in this article to provide a solid foundation for favorable treatment and a comprehensive understanding of the reasons why each particular treatment available can be the most adequate for each particular case...
February 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888231/text-mining-resources-for-the-life-sciences
#5
REVIEW
Piotr Przybyła, Matthew Shardlow, Sophie Aubin, Robert Bossy, Richard Eckart de Castilho, Stelios Piperidis, John McNaught, Sophia Ananiadou
Text mining is a powerful technology for quickly distilling key information from vast quantities of biomedical literature. However, to harness this power the researcher must be well versed in the availability, suitability, adaptability, interoperability and comparative accuracy of current text mining resources. In this survey, we give an overview of the text mining resources that exist in the life sciences to help researchers, especially those employed in biocuration, to engage with text mining in their own work...
2016: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884241/a-prospective-natural-history-study-of%C3%A2-coronary-atherosclerosis-using-fractional-flow-reserve
#6
Emanuele Barbato, Gabor G Toth, Nils P Johnson, Nico H J Pijls, William F Fearon, Pim A L Tonino, Nick Curzen, Zsolt Piroth, Gilles Rioufol, Peter Jüni, Bernard De Bruyne
BACKGROUND: In patients with coronary artery disease, clinical outcome depends on the extent of reversible myocardial ischemia. Whether the outcome also depends on the severity of the stenosis as determined by fractional flow reserve (FFR) remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the relationship between FFR values and vessel-related clinical outcome. METHODS: We prospectively studied major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) at 2 years in 607 patients in whom all stenoses were assessed by FFR and who were treated with medical therapy alone...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872025/contemporary-review-of-artificial-urinary-sphincters-for-male-stress-urinary-incontinence
#7
REVIEW
Faysal A Yafi, Mary K Powers, Jonathan Zurawin, Wayne J G Hellstrom
INTRODUCTION: The most common cause of urinary incontinence in men after radical prostatectomy is intrinsic sphincter deficiency, which can affect long-term quality of life. The prevalence of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after radical prostatectomy has been reported to be 2.5% to 90%. For patients with moderate to severe male SUI, the artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) is considered the gold standard in surgical treatment. AIM: To review the available literature on the development, patient selection, surgical technique, complications, and management of AUS for male SUI...
April 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871203/predicting-periviable-birthweight-and-survival-bedside-ultrasound-verse-anatomy-scan-gestational-adjusted-age-projection
#8
Nathan A Keller, Craig M Zelig
Objective - Two methods of birthweight prediction in the periviable period: bedside ultrasound proximate to delivery versus gestation-adjusted-projection (GAP) method were compared. Methods - Periviable births were identified over a 6-year period. The GAP method was applied to the estimated fetal weight (EFW) from anatomy scans and the gestational age at delivery to predict birthweight (BW), designated EFWGAP. EFW from the bedside ultrasound (EFWUS) and the EFWGAP were compared to actual BW to calculate absolute values of error in BW estimates...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837055/the-residential-long-term-care-role-in-health-care-transitions
#9
Diane E Berish, Robert Applebaum, Jane K Straker
The objective of the current study is to describe the activities long-term care facilities are undertaking to reduce hospital admissions and readmissions by working to improve health care transitions. The data were collected via an online survey from 888 nursing facilities (NFs) and 527 residential care facilities (RCFs) that completed the care integration module of the Ohio Biennial Survey of Long-Term Care. Questions focused on partnerships, current work, type of care model, and perceived barriers to reducing hospital readmissions...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822848/islam-and-environmental-consciousness-a-new-scale-development
#10
Hossein Emari, Hossein Vazifehdoust, Hashem Nikoomaram
This research proposed a new construct, Islamic environmental consciousness (IEC), and developed a measurement scale to support this construct. Churchill's (J Mark Res 16(1):64-73, 1979) paradigm, adapted by Negra and Mzoughi (Internet Res 22(4):426-442, 2012), was utilized. A total of 32 items were generated based on the verses of the Qur'an from nine interviews with teachers in an Islamic seminary. This set of items was reduced to 19 after dropping redundant or non-representative items. In a pilot study, factor analysis of the 19-item scale yielded a two-factor structure scale of seven items with a reliability ranging from 0...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821142/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-versus-usual-care-for-surgical-wounds-healing-by-secondary-intention-swhsi-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial
#11
Catherine Arundel, Hannah Buckley, Emma Clarke, Nicky Cullum, Stephen Dixon, Jo Dumville, Caroline Fairhurst, Anna Firth, Eileen Henderson, Karen Lamb, Elizabeth McGinnis, Angela Oswald, Pedro Saramago Goncalves, Marta Soares, Nikki Stubbs, David Torgerson, Ian Chetter
BACKGROUND: Most incisions following surgery heal by primary intention, with the edges of the wound apposed with sutures or clips. However, some wounds may break open or be left to heal from the bottom up (i.e. healing by secondary intention). Surgical Wounds Healing by Secondary Intention (SWHSI) are often more complex to manage, and require additional treatments during the course of healing. There is significant uncertainty regarding the best treatment for these complex wounds, with limited robust evidence regarding the clinical and cost-effectiveness of different dressings and treatments; one such treatment is Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) which is frequently used in the management of SWHSI...
November 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815593/-treating-nasal-obstruction-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients
#12
T Verse, S Wenzel
The impact of treating nasal obstruction in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients is still intensively discussed at congresses. This is likely due to the highly conflicting results of nasal treatments in regard to restorative sleep on the one hand, and their influence on the severity of OSA on the other. Both conservative and surgical nasal treatments result in a highly significant improvement of sleep quality. Patients' sleep is more restorative, which has a huge impact on several quality of life parameters...
November 4, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808070/geographic-eponyms-a-history-of-geography-in-medicine
#13
Maharra Hussain, Sanjay A Pai
Geographic eponyms have commonly been used in medical terminology, with diseases and medical entities being named after the place where the condition was discovered (e.g. Bombay Blood group) or invented (Jaipur Foot) or where the disease was first detected (Rocky Mountain Spotted fever) or where a consensus meeting has been held (Banff) or for other reasons (Argentina flag, Congo red stain). In 2015, the WHO decided to adopt a politically correct method to name infectious diseases in the future. We illustrate, in verse form, some of the places that have been used in medical terminology, over the centuries...
May 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797570/moral-distress-in-physicians-and-nurses-impact-on-professional-quality-of-life-and-turnover
#14
Cindy L Austin, Robert Saylor, Phillip J Finley
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate moral distress (MD) and turnover intent as related to professional quality of life in physicians and nurses at a tertiary care hospital. Method: Health care providers from a variety of hospital departments anonymously completed 2 validated questionnaires (Moral Distress Scale-Revised and Professional Quality of Life Scale). Compassion fatigue (as measured by secondary traumatic stress [STS] and burnout [BRN]) and compassion satisfaction are subscales which make up one's professional quality of life...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788041/fetal-dysmorphology-still-an-essential-art-analysis-of-the-limitations-of-microarray-in-a-fetal-population-and-a-look-toward-the-genome-sequencing-era
#15
Elaine Fletcher, Mary Porteous, Eddy Maher, Kathryn J McKenzie, Margaret J Evans
Cytogenomic microarray allows assessment of the genome at higher resolutions than traditional karyotyping. The objective of this study is to evaluate the utility of microarray in a routine fetal autopsy setting before the advent of routine fetal exome / genome sequencing and the issues these technologies may generate. A systematic review of fetal post mortems performed between Jan 2011 - Dec 2014 was undertaken. Cases where there was no consent for audit, research or genetic testing were excluded as were cases referred to the Procurator Fiscal, stillbirths and neonatal deaths...
October 27, 2016: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774738/joseph%C3%A2-f-bunnett-1921-2015
#16
François Terrier
Joseph F. Bunnett, professor emeritus at the University of California, Santa Cruz, passed away on May 22, 2015. Bunnett, who was Founding Editor of Acc. Chem. Res., was an internationally renowned physical organic chemist, who demonstrated that a physical organic approach to reactivity is of fundamental importance in determining the mechanisms of organic reactions, and who published an original paper in verse.
November 14, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731811/preparation-and-in-vitro-in-vivo-evaluation-of-gestodene-gest-intravaginal-ring
#17
Chunxiao Li, Meiying Ning, Xiaodong Yao, Yankun Wang, Ying Liu
Preparation and in vitro/in vivo evaluation of gestodene (GEST) intravaginal ring (IVR) formulations which can release a constant dose of GEST during 3 weeks were investigated. In present study a reservoir gestodene intravaginal ring, including a gestodene silicone elastomer core and the non-active silicone layer, was reported, which was manufactured by reaction injection moulding at 80°C for 20 min. The raw materials compatibility experiments showed that the silicone elastomer core carrier wouldn't interact with drugs...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731296/the-urgent-need-for-advance-directives-in-india
#18
Ravindra B Ghooi, Kelly Dhru, Sheela Jaywant
Many individuals at the end of life are unable to convey their wishes regarding medical treatments. Advance directives (ADs) or living wills (LWs) allow them to crystallise their wishes in a written form so that these can be carried out if the relevant situation arises. In many countries, ADs are legally valid and enforceable; they reduce the use of life-sustaining treatments, which often merely prolong life without improving or even maintaining the quality of life. Such treatment puts a financial burden on the patient's family, often leading to penury...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707150/the-need-for-leadership-training-in-long-term-care-settings
#19
Jullet A Davis
Purpose Globally, in 1980, approximately 5.8 per cent of the world population was 65 years old and older. By 2050, this number will more than triple to 16 per cent. From a leadership perspective, there is at least one challenge (among many others challenges) to consider. This paper (viewpoint) aims to provide support for the growing need for academically prepared managers. Design/methodology/approach This paper is a viewpoint which presents several characteristics of the long-term care (LTC) field that support the need for academically trained leaders...
October 3, 2016: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678902/change-in-sexual-function-at-one-year-among-women-undergoing-hysterectomy-for-pain-related-verses-non-pain-indications
#20
S R Till, K A Hobbs, J K Moulder, C E Martin, M T Siedhoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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