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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26963180/new-frontiers-in-building-mental-emotional-and-behavioral-health-in-children-and-youth-introduction-to-the-special-section
#1
Mary E Evans, Eric J Bruns, Mary I Armstrong, Sharon Hodges, Mario Hernandez
The passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA; 2010) has had tremendous influence on behavioral health in the United States (Alker & Chester, 2015). Shortly after its passage, the editors of this special section became interested in examining the provisions of the ACA related to care for mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders in children and youth and synthesizing their implications in the context of other contemporary trends in children's behavioral health promotion. We first developed a white paper with the goal of increasing our own understanding of these issues and their possible influence on the status quo of designing, implementing, financing, and evaluating behavioral health services for children and their families...
March 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26836754/hub-and-spoke-model-making-rural-healthcare-in-india-affordable-available-and-accessible
#2
Srichand Devarakonda
CONTEXT: Quality health care should be within everyone's reach, especially in a developing country. While India has the largest private health sector in the world, only one-fifth of healthcare expenditure is publically financed; it is mostly an out-of-pocket expense. About 70% of Indians live in rural areas making about $3 per day, and a major portion of that goes towards food and shelter and, thus, not towards health care. Transportation facilities in rural India are poor, making access to medical facilities difficult, and infrastructure facilities are minimal, making the available medical care insufficient...
January 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25666629/neurology-in-asia
#3
Chong-Tin Tan
Asia is important as it accounts for more than half of the world population. The majority of Asian countries fall into the middle income category. As for cultural traditions, Asia is highly varied, with many languages spoken. The pattern of neurologic diseases in Asia is largely similar to the West, with some disease features being specific to Asia. Whereas Asia constitutes 60% of the world's population, it contains only 20% of the world's neurologists. This disparity is particularly evident in South and South East Asia...
February 10, 2015: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25490231/-health-system-revenue-collection-in-burkina-faso-from-1980-to-2012
#4
REVIEW
Valéry Ridde, Loubna Belaid, Oumar Mallé Samb, Adama Faye
As a step towards universal health coverage, African countries need to develop funding systems that are effective, equitable, and tailored to national circumstances. To support policy makers in Burkina Faso, we present a review of research on interventions related to user fees, prepayment plans, and user fee subsidies. We compiled a narrative summary of articles published in scientific journals between 1980 and 2012. In all, 64 articles were selected. A thematic analysis was performed. User fees are a barrier to access to care; they curtail the use of health services and exclude the worst-off...
September 2014: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25075620/innovation-in-medical-education
#5
David A Asch, Debra F Weinstein
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 0, Issue 0, Ahead of Print.
August 28, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24916010/systematic-review-of-facility-based-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-for-female-sex-workers-in-africa
#6
REVIEW
Ashar Dhana, Stanley Luchters, Lizzie Moore, Yves Lafort, Anuradha Roy, Fiona Scorgie, Matthew Chersich
BACKGROUND: Several biological, behavioural, and structural risk factors place female sex workers (FSWs) at heightened risk of HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and other adverse sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. FSW projects in many settings have demonstrated effective ways of altering this risk, improving the health and wellbeing of these women. Yet the optimum delivery model of FSW projects in Africa is unclear. This systematic review describes intervention packages, service-delivery models, and extent of government involvement in these services in Africa...
2014: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24876787/health-economics-evidence-for-medical-nutrition-are-these-interventions-value-for-money-in-integrated-care
#7
REVIEW
Stefan Walzer, Daniel Droeschel, Mark Nuijten, Hélène Chevrou-Séverac
BACKGROUND: Health care decision-makers have begun to realize that medical nutrition plays an important role in the delivery of care, and it needs to be seen as a sole category within the overall health care reimbursement system to establish the value for money. Indeed, improving health through improving patients' nutrition may contribute to the cost-effectiveness and financial sustainability of health care systems. Medical nutrition is regulated by a specific bill either in Europe or in the United States, which offers specific legislations and guidelines (as provided to patients with special nutritional needs) and indications for nutritional support...
2014: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24694096/leveraging-the-health-and-retirement-study-to-advance-palliative-care-research
#8
Amy S Kelley, Kenneth M Langa, Alexander K Smith, John Cagle, Katherine Ornstein, Maria J Silveira, Lauren Nicholas, Kenneth E Covinsky, Christine S Ritchie
BACKGROUND: The critical need to expand and develop the palliative care evidence base was recently highlighted by the Journal of Palliative Medicine's series of articles describing the Research Priorities in Geriatric Palliative Care. The Health and Retirement Study (HRS) is uniquely positioned to address many priority areas of palliative care research. This nationally representative, ongoing, longitudinal study collects detailed survey data every 2 years, including demographics, health and functional characteristics, information on family and caregivers, and personal finances, and also conducts a proxy interview after each subject's death...
May 2014: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24438560/effects-of-demand-side-financing-on-utilisation-experiences-and-outcomes-of-maternity-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Susan F Murray, Benjamin M Hunter, Ramila Bisht, Tim Ensor, Debra Bick
BACKGROUND: Demand-side financing, where funds for specific services are channelled through, or to, prospective users, is now employed in health and education sectors in many low- and middle-income countries. This systematic review aimed to critically examine the evidence on application of this approach to promote maternal health in these settings. Five modes were considered: unconditional cash transfers, conditional cash transfers, short-term payments to offset costs of accessing maternity services, vouchers for maternity services, and vouchers for merit goods...
2014: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24299046/barriers-and-facilitators-for-general-practitioners-to-engage-in-advance-care-planning-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Aline De Vleminck, Dirk Houttekier, Koen Pardon, Reginald Deschepper, Chantal Van Audenhove, Robert Vander Stichele, Luc Deliens
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review is to identify the perceived factors hindering or facilitating GPs in engaging in advance care planning (ACP) with their patients about care at the end of life. DESIGN: Studies from 1990 to 2011 were found in four electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO); by contacting first authors of included studies and key experts; and searching through relevant journals and reference lists. Studies were screened, graded for quality, and analysed independently by two authors; those reporting the perception by GPs of barriers and facilitators to engagement in ACP were included...
December 2013: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24107189/a-systematic-review-of-income-generation-interventions-including-microfinance-and-vocational-skills-training-for-hiv-prevention
#11
REVIEW
Caitlin E Kennedy, Virginia A Fonner, Kevin R O'Reilly, Michael D Sweat
Income generation interventions, such as microfinance or vocational skills training, address structural factors associated with HIV risk. However, the effectiveness of these interventions on HIV-related outcomes in low- and middle-income countries has not been synthesized. The authors conducted a systematic review by searching electronic databases from 1990 to 2012, examining secondary references, and hand-searching key journals. Peer-reviewed studies were included in the analysis if they evaluated income generation interventions in low- or middle-income countries and provided pre-post or multi-arm measures on behavioral, psychological, social, care, or biological outcomes related to HIV prevention...
2014: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23941423/financial-exploitation-of-older-adults-in-rural-settings-a-family-perspective
#12
Dhrubodhi Mukherjee
Federal agencies responsible for funding protective services to older adults are increasingly concerned with the growing incidence of financial exploitation in rural areas. The Wall Street Journal recently has reported an increasing trend of unemployed adult children migrating from urban centers to smaller rural towns and countrysides to live with their parents since 2008. This current study explores the attitudes of family caregivers regarding management of financial matters for their elderly care recipients...
2013: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23799678/integration-of-depression-and-primary-care-barriers-to-adoption
#13
REVIEW
Kyle L Grazier, Judith E Smith, Jean Song, Mary L Smiley
OBJECTIVE: Despite the prevailing consensus as to its value, the adoption of integrated care models is not widespread. Thus, the objective of this article it to examine the barriers to the adoption of depression and primary care models in the United States. METHODS: A literature search focused on peer-reviewed journal literature in Medline and PsycInfo. The search strategy focused on barriers to integrated mental health care services in primary care, and was based on previously existing searches...
January 1, 2014: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23758309/description-and-productivity-of-emergency-medicine-researchers-receiving-k23-or-k08-mentored-research-career-development-awards
#14
Daniel K Nishijima, Kabir Yadav, Larissa May, Liliya Kraynov, D Mark Courtney
OBJECTIVES: The primary individual research career development awards for emergency medicine (EM) investigators are the K08 and K23 awards. To the best of the authors' knowledge, postaward productivity of EM K08 and K23 awardees has not been previously described. The objectives were to describe EM researchers who have received K08 or K23 awards and to evaluate their postaward federal funding and publications. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted during January 2012, of clinician-scientists who previously completed EM residency or fellowship programs and have received K08 or K23 awards from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) or Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) between fiscal years 2000 through 2011...
June 2013: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23681791/-implementing-models-of-cross-sectoral-mental-health-care-integrated-health-care-regional-psychiatry-budget-in-germany-systematic-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Petra Schmid, Tilman Steinert, Raoul Borbé
OBJECTIVE: Cross-sectoral integrated health-care and the regional psychiatry budget are two models of cross-sectoral health care (comprising in-patient and out-patient care) in Germany. Both models of financing were created in order to overcome the so-called fragmentation in German health care. The regional psychiatry budget is a specific solution for psychiatric services whereas integrated health care models can be developed for all areas of health care. The purpose of this overview is to elucidate both the current state of implementation of these models and the results of evaluation research...
November 2013: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23216429/national-newspaper-portrayal-of-u-s-nursing-homes-periodic-treatment-of-topic-and-tone
#16
Edward Alan Miller, Denise A Tyler, Julia Rozanova, Vincent Mor
CONTEXT: Although observers have long highlighted the relationship of public distrust, government regulation, and media depictions of nursing-home scandals, no study has systematically analyzed the way in which nursing homes have been portrayed in the national media. This study examines how nursing homes were depicted in four leading national newspapers-the New York Times, Washington Post, Chicago Tribune, and Los Angeles Times-from 1999 to 2008. METHODS: We used keyword searches of the LexisNexis database to identify 1,704 articles pertaining to nursing homes...
December 2012: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23212726/european-guidelines-for-quality-assurance-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-and-diagnosis-overview-and-introduction-to-the-full-supplement-publication
#17
L von Karsa, J Patnick, N Segnan, W Atkin, S Halloran, I Lansdorp-Vogelaar, N Malila, S Minozzi, S Moss, P Quirke, R J Steele, M Vieth, L Aabakken, L Altenhofen, R Ancelle-Park, N Antoljak, A Anttila, P Armaroli, S Arrossi, J Austoker, R Banzi, C Bellisario, J Blom, H Brenner, M Bretthauer, M Camargo Cancela, G Costamagna, J Cuzick, M Dai, J Daniel, E Dekker, N Delicata, S Ducarroz, H Erfkamp, J A Espinàs, J Faivre, L Faulds Wood, A Flugelman, S Frkovic-Grazio, B Geller, L Giordano, G Grazzini, J Green, C Hamashima, C Herrmann, P Hewitson, G Hoff, I Holten, R Jover, M F Kaminski, E J Kuipers, J Kurtinaitis, R Lambert, G Launoy, W Lee, R Leicester, M Leja, D Lieberman, T Lignini, E Lucas, E Lynge, S Mádai, J Marinho, J Maučec Zakotnik, G Minoli, C Monk, A Morais, R Muwonge, M Nadel, L Neamtiu, M Peris Tuser, M Pignone, C Pox, M Primic-Zakelj, J Psaila, L Rabeneck, D Ransohoff, M Rasmussen, J Regula, J Ren, G Rennert, J Rey, R H Riddell, M Risio, V Rodrigues, H Saito, C Sauvaget, A Scharpantgen, W Schmiegel, C Senore, M Siddiqi, D Sighoko, R Smith, S Smith, S Suchanek, E Suonio, W Tong, S Törnberg, E Van Cutsem, L Vignatelli, P Villain, L Voti, H Watanabe, J Watson, S Winawer, G Young, V Zaksas, M Zappa, R Valori
Population-based screening for early detection and treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) and precursor lesions, using evidence-based methods, can be effective in populations with a significant burden of the disease provided the services are of high quality. Multidisciplinary, evidence-based guidelines for quality assurance in CRC screening and diagnosis have been developed by experts in a project co-financed by the European Union. The 450-page guidelines were published in book format by the European Commission in 2010...
2013: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23164251/supporting-and-promoting-personhood-in-long-term-care-settings-contextual-factors
#18
Elena O Siegel, Ruth A Anderson, Joy Calkin, Charlene H Chu, Kirsten N Corazzini, Mary E Dellefield, Claire Goodman
The need for personhood-focused long-term care (LTC) is well-documented. A myriad of sociocultural, political, nursing/professional and organisational contexts facilitate or hinder registered nurses (RNs)' capacity to ensure personhood-focused LTC. Complexities derive from the countless interrelated aspects of these contexts, blurring clear distinctions of causality, responsibility and accountability. Context-related complexities were highlighted at a recent international conference attended by invited experts in LTC leadership from six countries (Canada, USA, England, Northern Ireland, New Zealand and Sweden)...
December 2012: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23125096/estimating-the-unit-costs-of-public-hospitals-and-primary-healthcare-centers
#19
Mustafa Z Younis, Samer Jaber, Anthony R Mawson, Michael Hartmann
BACKGROUND: Many factors have affected the rise of health expenditures, such as high-cost medical technologies, changes in disease patterns and increasing demand for health services. All countries allocate a significant portion of resources to the health sector. In 2008, the gross domestic product of Palestine was estimated to be at $6.108bn (current price) or about $1697 per capita. Health expenditures are estimated at 15.6% of the gross domestic product, almost as much as those of Germany, Japan and other developed countries...
October 2013: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23113205/health-care-financing-in-iran-is-privatization-a-good-solution
#20
M Davari, A Haycox, T Walley
BACKGROUND: This paper considers a range of issues related to the financing of health care system and relevant government policies in Iran. METHODS: This study used mixed methods. A systematic literature review was undertaken to identify relevant publications. This was supplemented by hand searching in books and journals, including government publications. The issues and uncertainties identified in the literature were explored in detail through semi-structured interviews with key informants...
2012: Iranian Journal of Public Health
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