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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737982/knocking-on-prison-s-door-a-10-fold-rise-in-the-number-of-psychotic-prisoners-in-finland-during-the-years-2005-2016
#1
Alo Jüriloo, Lauri Pesonen, Hannu Lauerma
BACKGROUND: As in many European countries, Finnish psychiatric services experienced a rapid process of deinstitutionalization in the 1990s. In recent decades, the decrease in numbers of psychiatric hospital beds has in several countries been found to be linked with increasing criminality among severely mentally ill individuals. It has been concluded that deinstitutionalization could be the main reason for this development. AIM: To investigate whether the prevalence of severely mentally ill persons to prison is a growing trend also in Finland...
July 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728555/medical-homelessness-and-candidacy-women-transiting-between-prison-and-community-health-care
#2
Penelope Abbott, Parker Magin, Joyce Davison, Wendy Hu
BACKGROUND: Women in contact with the prison system have high health needs. Short periods in prison and serial incarcerations are common. Examination of their experiences of health care both in prison and in the community may assist in better supporting their wellbeing and, ultimately, decrease their risk of returning to prison. METHODS: We interviewed women in prisons in Sydney, Australia, using pre-release and post-release interviews. We undertook thematic analysis of the combined interviews, considering them as continuing narratives of their healthcare experiences...
July 20, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724000/differences-and-inequalities-in-relation-to-access-to-renal-replacement-therapy-in-the-brics-countries
#3
Fábio Humberto Ribeiro Paes Ferraz, Cibele Isaac Saad Rodrigues, Giuseppe Cesare Gatto, Natan Monsores de Sá
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is an important public health problem, especially in developing countries due to the high level of economic resources needed to maintain patients in the different programs that make up renal replacement therapy (RRT). To analyze the differences and inequalities involved in access to RRT in the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa). This is an applied, descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative and qualitative study, with documentary analysis and a literature review...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721344/exploring-patient-characteristics-and-barriers-to-hepatitis-c-treatment-in-patients-on-opioid-substitution-treatment-attending-a-community-based-fibro-scanning-clinic
#4
Des Crowley, Walter Cullen, Eamon Laird, John S Lambert, Tina Mc Hugh, Carol Murphy, Marie Claire Van Hout
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health issue. There is substandard uptake in HCV assessment and treatment among people who inject drugs (PWID). Community fibroscanning is used to assess disease severity and target treatment. METHODS: A survey was administered to a cohort of chronically HCV infected patients attending a community fibroscanning clinic. Questions targeted diagnosis of HCV, suitability, willingness and barriers to engagement in treatment...
June 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720203/the-personal-and-professional-face-of-the-basque-urologist-jos%C3%A3-juli%C3%A3-n-guim%C3%A3-n-rezola-1898-1980
#5
J C Angulo
OBJECTIVE: To understand certain outstanding aspects of the life of the Basque surgeon and urologist Julián Guimón Rezola. His personal and bibliographic documentary legacy helps reconstruct his works and personal character. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analysed the written works of Julián Guimón Rezola and a collection of documents, letters, photographs, illustrations and objects from his personal and professional life, accessed through his family. We analysed the content of the author's main publications and related the documents to historic facts...
July 15, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716395/-it-ruined-my-life-the-effects-of-the-war-on-drugs-on-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-rural-puerto-rico
#6
R Abadie, C Gelpi-Acosta, C Davila, A Rivera, M Welch-Lazoritz, K Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: The War on Drugs has raised the incarceration rates of racial minorities for non-violent drug-related crimes, profoundly stigmatized drug users, and redirected resources from drug prevention and treatment to militarizing federal and local law enforcement. Yet, while some states consider shifting their punitive approach to drug use, to one based on drug treatment and rehabilitation, nothing suggests that these policy shifts are being replicated in Puerto Rico. METHODS: This paper utilizes data from 360 PWID residing in four rural towns in the mountainous area of central Puerto Rico...
July 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715985/mental-disorders-among-criminal-offenders-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Emily D Gottfried, Sheresa C Christopher
This article examines mental illness among adult, juvenile, male, female, jail, and prison inmates. It also explores the way in which mental health diagnoses impact offending and violent behavior. A review of literature pertaining to differences between the genders and age of offenders suggests that psychiatric disorders are more common among criminal offenders than the population at large. Furthermore, it appears that many mentally ill offenders do not receive sufficient treatment during their incarcerations and that barriers inherent to incarceration prevent adequate treatment of mental illnesses...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715984/cost-of-an-integrated-care-program-to-reduce-ed-visits-during-diabetic-prisoner-court-hearings
#8
Tim Pauley, Joy Matienzo, Joseph Ventura, Josie Barbita
Diabetic events occurring during court hearings previously required emergency medical services (EMS) transport to the emergency department (ED). A new process was implemented whereby the provincial court (PC) was notified by the detention center of diabetes status of prisoners scheduled for court later that day, enabling a community nursing services provider to provide on-site diabetes assessment and treatment at the PC. During the 13-month pre-implementation phase, there were 10 incidents of diabetic distress resulting in an ED visit at a total cost of $797...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713277/does-the-strategy-of-risk-group-testing-for-hepatitis-c-hit-the-target
#9
Mirjana R Jovanovic, Aleksandar Miljatovic, Laslo Puskas, Slobodan Kapor, Dijana L Puskas
In the European Union, it is estimated that there are 5.5 million individuals with chronic infection of hepatitis C. Intravenous drug abuse is undoubtedly the key source of the hepatitis C epidemic in Europe and the most efficient mode of transmission of HCV infections (primarily due to short incubation time, but also because the virus is introduced directly into the blood stream with the infected needle). Potentially high-risk and vulnerable populations in Europe (and the world) include immigrants, prisoners, sex workers, men having sex with men, individuals infected with HIV, psychoactive substance users etc...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704796/prison-mental-health-in-reach-teams-serious-mental-illness-and-the-care-programme-approach-in-england
#10
Charlie Brooker, Russell Webster
The delivery of prison mental health services in England is examined over the last 12 years. Resources for services have grown significantly during this period and improved organisational models for the delivery of services are now in place. During this period however the challenges of working in the prison environment have increased. The paper argues that a history of sexual abuse or violence are common amongst prisoners and the Care Programme Approach (CPA) provides the vehicle to assess these histories through the use of routine enquiry...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701128/high-rates-of-general-practice-attendance-by-former-prisoners-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Megan Carroll, Matthew J Spittal, Anna R Kemp-Casey, Nicholas G Lennox, David B Preen, Georgina Sutherland, Stuart A Kinner
OBJECTIVES: To determine the rates at which people recently released from prison attend general practitioners, and to describe service users and their encounters. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Prospective cohort study of 1190 prisoners in Queensland, interviewed up to 6 weeks before expected release from custody (August 2008 - July 2010); their responses were linked prospectively with Medicare and Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme data for the 2 years after their release...
July 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696434/when-should-governments-increase-the-supply-of-psychiatric-beds
#12
S Allison, T Bastiampillai, J Licinio, D A Fuller, N Bidargaddi, S S Sharfstein
Low numbers of hospital-based psychiatric beds create problems for people with severe mental illness (SMI), when they face extended emergency department (ED) waits, higher thresholds for admission to an acute bed, and short revolving-door stays with high rates of rehospitalisation. Limited access to inpatient treatment has been associated with higher suicide risk, premature mortality, homelessness, violent crime and incarceration. Ultimately, people with SMI can be transinstitutionalised to the criminal justice system...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693556/evidence-for-a-comprehensive-approach-to-aboriginal-tobacco-control-to-maintain-the-decline-in-smoking-an-overview-of-reviews-among-indigenous-peoples
#13
Catherine Chamberlain, Susan Perlen, Sue Brennan, Lucie Rychetnik, David Thomas, Raglan Maddox, Noore Alam, Emily Banks, Andrew Wilson, Sandra Eades
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a leading cause of disease and premature mortality among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians. While the daily smoking prevalence among Indigenous Australians has declined significantly from 49% in 2001, it remains about three times higher than that of non-Indigenous Australians (39 and 14%, respectively, for age ≥15 years in 2014-15). This overview of systematic reviews aimed to synthesise evidence about reducing tobacco consumption among Indigenous peoples using a comprehensive framework for Indigenous tobacco control in Australia comprised of the National Tobacco Strategy (NTS) and National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Plan (NATSIHP) principles and priorities...
July 10, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673365/is-health-coaching-effective-in-changing-the-health-status-and-behaviour-of-prisoners-a-systematic-review-protocol
#14
Nadja Almondes, Denise Downie, Ayse B Cinar, Derek Richards, Ruth Freeman
BACKGROUND: This is a protocol for a systematic review of the impact of health coaching on changing the health behaviour of offenders. Prisoners are more likely to suffer from health-related issues when compared to the general population. Health coaching has been shown to influence health outcomes of patients with chronic conditions. This review, therefore, aims to assess the effectiveness of health coaching interventions on the health of adolescent and adult offenders in custodial institutions...
July 3, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672787/the-efficacy-of-dog-assisted-therapy-in-detained-drug-users-a-pilot-study-in-an-italian-attenuated-custody-institute
#15
Laura Contalbrigo, Marta De Santis, Marica Toson, Maria Montanaro, Luca Farina, Aldo Costa, Felice Alfonso Nava
Drug addiction is a major care and safety challenge in prison context. Nowadays, rehabilitation and specific therapeutic programs are suggested to improve health and well-being of inmates during their detention time and to reduce substance abuse relapse after release from prison. Among these programs, several studies reported the benefits for inmates coming from animal assisted interventions. In this pilot controlled study, we investigated the efficacy of a dog assisted therapy program addressed to 22 drug addicted male inmates housed in an attenuated custody institute in Italy...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663229/government-is-in-dark-about-scale-of-mental-health-problems-in-prisons-says-nao
#16
Matthew Limb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659094/patient-safety-investigating-and-reporting-serious-clinical-incidents-kelsey-russell-patient-safety-investigating-and-reporting-serious-clinical-incidents-214pp-%C3%A2-29-99-crc-press-97814981169-1498781160-formula-see-text
#17
(no author information available yet)
Intended for healthcare professionals who conduct incident investigations at, for example, GP practices, out-of-hours services, urgent care centres, prison health and NHS 111 services, this book draws on case studies to explain how to recognise a serious incident, how to undertake a root cause analysis and when a duty of candour applies.
June 29, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657250/hearing-voices-lessons-from-the-history-of-psychiatry-in-ireland
#18
B D Kelly
The history of psychiatry is a history of therapeutic enthusiasm, with all of the triumph and tragedy, hubris and humility that such enthusiasm brings. During the 1800s and early 1900s, Ireland-s public asylums were routinely overcrowded, unhygienic and, quite commonly, fatal. The asylums became all-too-convenient options for a society with an apparently insatiable hunger for institutions, incarceration and control. The emergence of clinical professionals, both medical and nursing, was inevitably a factor in this complex mix, but the effects of any search for professional prestige were dwarfed by asylum doctors' clear outrage at what the asylum system became...
March 10, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656820/best-practices-for-nutrition-care-of-pregnant-women-in-prison
#19
Rebecca J Shlafer, Jamie Stang, Danielle Dallaire, Catherine A Forestell, Wendy Hellerstedt
Approximately 3% to 4% of women are pregnant upon their admission to prison. Pregnant inmates present unique challenges for correctional health providers, including meeting the nutritional needs for healthy pregnancy outcomes. The authors outline six recommendations for nutrition care for pregnant inmates, including (1) test for pregnancy; (2) prescribe prenatal vitamins; (3) follow nutrition recommendations outlined by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; (4) provide additional food, monitor over time, and allow for modifications to meet pregnancy needs; (5) ensure regular access to water; and (6) provide inmates with resources and education on healthy diet...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651657/association-between-violent-crime-and-psychosis-in-men-serving-prison-terms
#20
Javier Saavedra, Marcelino López, M Eva Trigo
Psychosis has been associated with committing violent crimes. However, it has been reported that the association is mediated by toxin consumption, personality disorders, and positive symptoms. This study will examine the relationship between different psychological disorders and sociodemographic variables, and violent crime perpetration in a sample of 472 men serving prison terms in Andalusia, Spain. A correlation-based, retrospective study was conducted and data were analyzed through logistic regression. The sample is representative of the Andalusian prison population, with a 95% level of confidence and ...
June 27, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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