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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090702/intellectual-disability-and-patient-activation-after-release-from-prison-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
J T Young, C Cumming, K van Dooren, N G Lennox, R Alati, M J Spittal, L Brophy, D B Preen, S A Kinner
BACKGROUND: Intellectual disability and patient activation may be important drivers of inequities in health service access and health outcomes for people with intellectual disability transitioning from prison to the community. We assessed the association between intellectual disability and patient activation after prison release and examined whether this association varied, depending on whether intellectual disability was identified prior to prison release. METHODS: Overall, 936 prisoners were screened for intellectual disability by using the Hayes Ability Screening Index and completed the Patient Activation Measure (PAM) within 6 weeks of prison release and again at 1, 3 and 6 months post-release...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089415/antimicrobial-stewardship-in-the-federal-bureau-of-prisons-approaches-from-the-national-and-local-levels
#2
Michael J Long, Brian N LaPlant, Justin C McCormick
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of national and local antimicrobial stewardship measures on overall antibiotic prescribing in the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). SETTING: Care was delivered to more than 160,000 inmates in 122 BOP facilities in the United States and Puerto Rico. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Medical centers and health services clinics staffed by in-house medical staff, consultants, and specialists. Staffs include a variety of disciplines, including physicians, pharmacists, dentists, nurses, infection control personnel, therapists, health services administrators, and institution executive staff...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078741/effect-of-an-art-brut-therapy-program-called-go-beyond-the-schizophrenia-gbts-on-prison-inmates-with-schizophrenia-in-mainland-china-a-randomized-longitudinal-and-controlled-trial
#3
Hong-Zhong Qiu, Zeng-Jie Ye, Mu-Zi Liang, Yue-Qun Huang, Wei Liu, Zhi-Dong Lu
: Creative arts therapies are proven to promote an interconnection between body and mind, but there are major obstacles for providing therapeutic services in prisons due to inmates' inherent mistrust for verbal disclosure and rigid self-defenses, especially among inmates with schizophrenia. Thus, we developed a structured and quantitative art brut therapy program called go beyond the schizophrenia to actually measure the benefits of art therapy on prison inmates in mainland China. Upon completion of the program, the intervention group reported a decrease in anxiety, depression, anger, and negative psychiatric symptoms and showed better compliance with rules, socialization with peers, compliance with medications, and regular sleeping patterns after 16 weekly sessions of go beyond the schizophrenia...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075297/physical-health-of-people-in-prison
#4
Lynne Pearce
Essential facts Since 2013, NHS England has commissioned health services for prisoners in England. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) says health care in prison plays an important role in identifying health needs, including chronic conditions.
January 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072681/effects-of-a-group-focused-cognitive-behavioral-health-education-program-on-cigarette-smoking-in-a-sample-of-nigerian-prisoners
#5
Kay C N Onyechi, Chiedu Eseadi, Prince C I Umoke, Amaka B Ikechukwu-Ilomuanya, Mkpoikanke S Otu, Jaachimma C Obidoa, Fedinand U Agu, Okechukwu O Nwaubani, Anthonia N Utoh-Ofong, Chijioke D Ncheke, Felix O Ugwuozor
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a learned habit that has an impact on the psychological and biochemical health of individuals. It is the leading preventable cause of chronic illness worldwide. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a group-focused cognitive behavioral health education program (GCBHEP) on cigarette smoking in a sample of Nigerian prisoners. METHODS: The study used a pretest-posttest randomized control group design. Twenty inmates were identified through self-reporting, 1-to-1 counseling, and observation...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056999/aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-australian-former-prisoners-patterns-of-morbidity-and-risk-of-hospitalisation
#6
Jane E Lloyd, Elizabeth McEntyre, Eileen Baldry, Julian Trofimovos, Devon Indig, Penelope Abbott, Jennifer Reath, Kathy Malera-Bandjalan, Mark F Harris
BACKGROUND: People who have been in custody are more likely to experience multiple, long standing health issues. They are at high risk of illness and injury post release and experience poor access to health services both of which contribute to high rates of recidivism. The study was conducted to examine Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal former prisoners' risk of hospitalisation and rehospitalisation in the five years post release from custody and identified the common reasons for hospitalisations...
January 5, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054417/aboriginal-prisoners-and-cognitive-impairment-the-impact-of-dual-disadvantage-on-social-and-emotional-wellbeing
#7
S M Shepherd, J R P Ogloff, D Shea, J E Pfeifer, Y Paradies
BACKGROUND: Negligible information is available regarding the Social and Emotional Wellbeing (SEWB) needs of Aboriginal Australian individuals in custody with cognitive impairment. This is problematic given that Aboriginal people with cognitive impairment often experience dual disadvantage in the context of the justice system. This study sought to ascertain the relationship between cognitive impairment and mental health/cultural needs (SEWB) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053362/cost-effectiveness-of-screening-for-active-cases-of-tuberculosis-in-flanders-belgium
#8
G Suzanne A Smit, Ludwig Apers, Wouter Arrazola de Onate, Philippe Beutels, Pierre Dorny, An-Marie Forier, Kristien Janssens, Jean Macq, Ruud Mak, Sandrina Schol, Dirk Wildemeersch, Niko Speybroeck, Brecht Devleesschauwer
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of the tuberculosis screening activities currently funded by the Flemish government in Flanders, Belgium. METHODS: After estimating the expenses for 2013-2014 of each of nine screening components - which include high-risk groups, contacts and people who are seeking tuberculosis consultation at a centre for respiratory health care - and the associated costs per active case of tuberculosis identified between 2007 and 2014, we compared the cost-effectiveness of each component...
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043614/multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-the-problem-and-some-priorities-in-controlling-it
#9
Sven Hoffner
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), and even more severe forms of drug resistance, cause significant problems and costs for national TB control programs and constitutes an increasing public health concern globally. In parts of the former Soviet Union, the prevalence of MDR-TB is as high as 50% and one third of all newly detected TB patients are infected with MDR strains. Such strains transmit and certain MDR-TB clones constitute an important part of the problem, especially in high MDR-TB burden areas...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043518/tuberculosis-in-vulnerable-populations-in-eastern-mediterranean-region-implications-for-control
#10
Sadia Shakoor, Rumina Hasan
AIMS & OBJECTIVES: Socially and economically disadvantaged or "vulnerable" people are at high risk of tuberculosis (TB) and also contribute to active chains of TB transmission. Included in such vulnerable populations are children, women, prisoners, people living with human immunodeficiency virus, the homeless, and displaced people. The ongoing active transmission of TB among such populations is made more difficult to assess and control by difficult access, health inequities, poverty, and other chronic and debilitating health conditions at individual, domestic, and community levels...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030604/burden-and-determinants-of-smoking-among-prisoners-with-respiratory-tract-infection-a-cross-sectional-study-of-nine-major-prison-setups-in-northern-ethiopia
#11
Semaw Ferede Abera, Kelemework Adane
BACKGROUND: Morbidity, mortality and a wide range of associated risk factors are disproportionately clustered among prisoners compared to the general population. Smoking is one of the risk factors for the increased burden of unfavorable health outcomes particularly among prisoners. However, little is known about the level and determinants of smoking among the incarcerated population in Ethiopia. METHODS: We collected data from 738 prisoners in nine major prison setups in Tigray region by nurses and clinical officers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027027/estimating-state-transitions-for-opioid-use-disorders
#12
Emanuel Krebs, Jeong E Min, Elizabeth Evans, Libo Li, Lei Liu, David Huang, Darren Urada, Thomas Kerr, Yih-Ing Hser, Bohdan Nosyk
AIM: The aim was to estimate transitions between periods in and out of treatment, incarceration, and legal supervision, for prescription opioid (PO) and heroin users. METHODS: We captured all individuals admitted for the first time for publicly funded treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) in California (2006 to 2010) with linked mortality and criminal justice data. We used Cox proportional hazards and competing risks models to assess the effect of primary PO use (v...
December 1, 2016: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003396/mental-health-staff-at-prison-not-liable-for-failure-to-warn-unidentifiable-victim-upon-release-of-inmate
#13
Alexis Beattie, Phillip Resnick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997242/incarceration-rates-and-traits-of-sexual-minorities-in-the-united-states-national-inmate-survey-2011-2012
#14
Ilan H Meyer, Andrew R Flores, Lara Stemple, Adam P Romero, Bianca D M Wilson, Jody L Herman
OBJECTIVES: To report characteristics of sexual minority US inmates. METHODS: We drew our data from the National Inmate Survey, 2011-2012, a probability sample of inmates in US prisons and jails. We determined weighted proportions and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals to estimate differences between sexual minority and heterosexual inmates. RESULTS: Sexual minorities (those who self-identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual or report a same-sex sexual experience before arrival at the facility) were disproportionately incarcerated: 9...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992888/post-war-research-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-part-ii-1989-onwards
#15
REVIEW
Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska
The paper illustrates the research on post-traumatic disorders conducted in Kraków at the Department of Psychotherapy and the Department of Psychiatry of the Jagiellonian University Medical College after 1989. The political changes that occurred in Poland after 1989 allowed the research to be extended with new groups of survivors. Having conducted the research of the former concentration camp prisoners, the study started to be carried out in the two research teams: 1) the former prisoners of the Stalinist period, Siberian deportees, war veterans and others were examined at the former Social Pathology Institute of the Department of Psychiatry, Jagiellonian University Medical College and the work is continued at the Department of Psychotherapy, Jagiellonian University Medical College; 2) at the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinic the research of the Holocaust survivors and their families has been carried on by the same team up to the present day...
October 31, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968820/mortality-outcomes-after-busulfan-containing-conditioning-treatment-and-haemopoietic-cell-transplantation-in-patients-with-gilbert-s-syndrome-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
George B McDonald, Ashley T Evans, Jeannine S McCune, Gary Schoch, J Donald Ostrow, Ted A Gooley
BACKGROUND: Gilbert's syndrome is a common inherited disorder of bilirubin metabolism, characterised by mild, unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia. However, the effect of Gilbert's syndrome on the disposition of some drugs can lead to unexpected toxicity. We tested the hypothesis that patients undergoing myeloablative conditioning and haemopoietic cell transplantation would have different mortality outcomes depending on whether or not they had laboratory evidence of Gilbert's syndrome. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we used clinical and laboratory data of patients who had haemopoietic cell transplantation from Jan 1, 1991, to Dec 31, 2011...
November 2016: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960604/correctional-mental-health-administration
#17
Anthony Tamburello, Herbert Kaldany, Jeffery Dickert
Mental health administrators in correctional facilities have the complex task of balancing the clinical needs of incarcerated individuals and the safety and security missions of the facilities. This article describes the various structures of mental health administration within correctional facilities, the tasks commonly required of these professionals, and the skills necessary to be effective in this role. This editorial discusses the legal framework for mental healthcare in jails and prisons, staffing, cost containment, quality assurance and quality improvement, accreditation, peer review, morbidity and mortality reviews, utilization management, medication formularies, electronic health records, and innovative strategies as they apply to administrators of mental health services in correctional facilities...
February 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942429/agreement-between-self-reported-healthcare-service-use-and-administrative-records-in-a-longitudinal-study-of-adults-recently-released-from-prison
#18
Megan Carroll, Georgina Sutherland, Anna Kemp-Casey, Stuart A Kinner
BACKGROUND: Studies of healthcare service use often rely on self-reported data, especially in disadvantaged populations. Despite this, the reliability of self-reported healthcare service use is often questioned and routinely-collected, administrative data are usually considered preferable. In this paper we examine the agreement between self-reported healthcare service use and administrative records, in a large cohort of adults recently released from prison in Australia. METHODS: Baseline interviews within 6 weeks of expected release from prison and follow-up interviews at 1, 3 and 6 months post-release were linked to routinely-collected, administrative health records over the same time period...
December 2016: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932588/mental-health-among-jail-and-prison-inmates
#19
Youngmin Yi, Kristin Turney, Christopher Wildeman
Previous studies provide insight into the mental health of jail and prison inmates, but this research does not compare the two groups of inmates. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this article examines how the association between incarceration and self-reported mental health varies by facility type, net of an array of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Both jail and prison inmates report high rates of depression, life dissatisfaction, heavy drinking, and illicit drug use...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921636/counterintuitive-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-of-mental-health-in-english-women-s-prisons
#20
Laura S Caulfield
Purpose Large numbers of women in prison report significant emotional and mental health problems, and there is evidence to suggest that the prison environment may exacerbate the incidence and severity of these issues (Armour, 2012). However, there has been limited exploration of the extent to which women's mental health problems exist prior to incarceration, whether symptoms first occur in incarceration, and how incarceration affects this. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach In-depth interviews were conducted with 43 women incarcerated in three English prisons and a thematic analysis of the data was conducted...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
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