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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225843/-poverty-and-mental-disability-in-the-criminal-law-the-invisibles
#1
Ezequiel N Mercurio
In recent decades neuroscience research show the negative consequences of poverty in cognitive development. Environmental factors, such as material deprivation, exposure to stressful situations, violence, nutritional deprivation, environmental toxins may shape the developing brain. The changes of the structure and function of the brain since prenatal stages and their consequences can remain stable throughout the life cycle except early interventions are made. Research investigating have found significant link between child poverty and function and structural brain focusing on prefrontal cortex (i...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212196/prison-nursing-formation-of-a-stable-professional-identity
#2
Khurshid Choudhry, David Armstrong, Alexandru Dregan
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze how working within prison environments can influence the self-identity and professional identity of nurses. BACKGROUND: The prison environment can be a difficult environment for nurses to deliver care within, with nurses having to carry out activities that seem to go against their professional role, while at the same time providing care to prisoners who have greater health needs than the general population. There is a lack of theoretical consideration of how prison nurses carry out their role in the face of such challenges...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210994/factors-related-to-the-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#3
Stefaan De Smet, Liesbeth De Donder, Denis Ryan, Sofie Van Regenmortel, Dorien Brosens, Stijn Vandevelde
PURPOSES: There is evidence of an increasing emphasis on the relevance of the quality of life-paradigm as an outcome measure for clients in geriatric, forensic, as well as correctional care. This paper aims to explore to what extent variables that were categorized according to the main areas of the Good Lives Model ('the self', 'the body' and 'social life') are related to the quality of life domains of older imprisoned offenders. METHODS: Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire administered in individual interviews with 93 older prisoners aged 60 years and over in 16 prisons of the Dutch-speaking region in Belgium...
February 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204909/reincarceration-risk-among-men-with-mental-illnesses-leaving-prison-a-risk-environment-analysis
#4
Stacey L Barrenger, Jeffrey Draine, Beth Angell, Daniel Herman
Reentry interventions for persons with mental illness leaving prison have consisted primarily of linkage to mental health services and have produced mixed results on psychiatric and criminal recidivism. These interventions primarily focus on intra-individual risk factors. However, social and environmental factors may also increase risk of reincarceration by constraining choices and pro-social opportunities for community reintegration upon release from prison. In order to add to the knowledge base on understanding reincarceration risk for men with mental illnesses leaving prison, we examined interpersonal and environmental factors that exposed men to heightened risk for reincarceration...
February 15, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185995/study-protocol-community-links-to-establish-alcohol-recovery-clear-for-women-leaving-jail
#5
Jennifer E Johnson, Yael Chatav Schonbrun, Bradley Anderson, Megan Kurth, Christine Timko, Michael Stein
PURPOSE: This article describes the protocol for a randomized effectiveness trial of a method to link alcohol use disordered women who are in pretrial jail detention with post-release 12-step mutual help groups. BACKGROUND: Jails serve 15 times more people per year than do prisons and have very short stays, posing few opportunities for treatment or treatment planning. Alcohol use is associated with poor post-jail psychosocial and health outcomes including sexually transmitted diseases and HIV, especially for women...
February 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157438/exploring-the-association-between-race-and-health-among-older-adults-who-are-incarcerated
#6
Tina Maschi, Qiuhu Shi, Kirsten Forseth, Pedro Laureano, Deborah Viola
One of the little known ironies in the field of prison health is the notion that prison may actually have health-stabilizing effects for some groups. This study contributes to this line of inquiry by examining a variety of physical and mental health indicators among an older cohort of prisoners. Furthermore, this study's focus on race addresses a notable gap in the growing literature on older prisoner health. A cross-section of 625 males who were incarcerated residing in a northeastern state prison system was surveyed and data on self-reported health status and stress and individual demographics characteristics were collected...
February 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152325/violent-crime-in-the-lives-of-homeless-female-ex-offenders
#7
Adeline M Nyamathi, Benissa E Salem, Elizabeth Hall, Tanya Oleskowicz, Maria Ekstrand, Kartik Yadav, Joy Toyama, Susan Turner, Mark Faucette
The cyclical pattern of violence in the lives of homeless female ex-offenders may precipitate ongoing substance use and recidivism; all of which have shown to be mounting public health issues affecting successful reentry. This paper, which analyzed baseline data from a longitudinal study of 126 female ex-offenders in Los Angeles and Pomona, California, highlighted the factors found to be associated with violent crime among homeless female ex-offenders. A multiple logistic regression model for whether or not the last conviction was for a violent offense indicated that poor housing (p = ...
February 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142356/iowa-dependent-adult-abuse-prosecutions-from-2006-through-2015
#8
Jeanette M Daly, Yinghui Xu, Gerald J Jogerst
BACKGROUND: In most states, health care providers are required to report abuse. Some states provide investigation feedback/findings to the reporter. The reporters rarely know if the perpetrator is convicted. The purposes of this study are to determine the incidence of Iowa dependent adult abuse prosecutions from 2006 through 2015, the incidence of convictions, and the association between dependent adult abuse prosecutions with county census and government characteristics. DESIGN AND METHODS: Through the Iowa Court Information Systems, dependent adult abuse prosecution data were purchased for a 10-year time period...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135882/substance-and-alcohol-misuse-drug-pathways-and-offending-behaviors-in-association-with-adhd-in-prison-inmates
#9
Susan Young, Rafael A González, Kim Wolff, Kiriakos Xenitidis, Laura Mutch, Isabella Malet-Lambert, Gisli H Gudjonsson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to quantify the extent of specific polysubstance use, drug transitions to current substances, and describe the association with alcohol use disorders among inmates with ADHD. We also examined health risk behaviors and patterns of offending in relation with ADHD. METHOD: A total of 387 male British prison inmates were screened and interviewed via the Diagnostic Interview for ADHD in Adults 2.0 (DIVA-2). RESULTS: Male prisoners with ADHD endorse more methadone and amphetamine use...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132699/substance-use-and-sociodemographic-background-as-risk-factors-for-lifetime-psychotic-experiences-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#10
Eline Borger Rognli, Jørgen G Bramness, Svetlana Skurtveit, Anne Bukten
INTRODUCTION: Psychotic experiences (PE) are relatively common in the general population. PE is associated with mental health impairment and may be predictive of clinical psychosis. Substance use predicts PE, but the association is insufficiently understood, particularly the role of illicit substances. The purpose of this study was to describe PE (visual and auditory hallucinations and delusions of reference and persecution) in a population characterized by high levels of substance use and to investigate substance use and sociodemographic background characteristics as risk factors for PE...
March 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129703/risk-factors-associated-with-near-lethal-suicide-attempts-during-incarceration-among-men-in-the-spanish-prison-system
#11
Francisco Caravaca Sánchez, Noelle Fearn, Michael G Vaughn
Studies conducted worldwide indicate that near-lethal suicide attempts are common among incarcerated populations. However, little research attention has been focused on the Spanish prison population. To address this gap in the literature, data were drawn from a sample of men ( N = 2,270) incarcerated in seven prisons in Spain. We compared sociodemographic, criminal/offense, health and mental health, and life events in prison variables between inmates who reported making near-lethal suicide attempts ( n = 616) and those who did not ( n = 1,654) during their current incarceration term...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127923/mental-health-care-and-treatment-in-prisons-a-new-paradigm-to-support-best-practice
#12
EDITORIAL
Brian McKenna, Jeremy Skipworth, Krishna Pillai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127505/traumatic-brain-injury-among-female-offenders-in-a-prison-population-results-of-the-fleurytbi-study
#13
Eric Durand, Laurence Watier, Anne Lécu, Michel Fix, Jean-Jacques Weiss, Mathilde Chevignard, Pascale Pradat-Diehl
AIM: The study was designed to estimate the prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in a French prison population of female offenders, study the variables known to be associated with TBI, and compare our results with those obtained among male offenders as described in a previous paper. PARTICIPANTS: All female offenders (adults and juveniles) consecutively admitted to Fleury-Mérogis prison over a 3-month period were included in the study. METHOD: During the admission procedure, female offenders were interviewed by healthcare staff using a self-reported questionnaire...
January 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124810/sexuality-behind-bars-in-the-female-central-penitentiary-of-santiago-chile-unlocking-the-gendered-binary
#14
Francisca Alejandra Castro Madariaga, Belén Estefanía Gómez Garcés, Alicia Carrasco Parra, Jennifer Foster
We explore what it means to promote healthy sexuality for incarcerated women. We report upon the experiences of ten inmates in the Female Central Penitentiary of Santiago, Chile, regarding their sexuality within prison. We used a qualitative, descriptive research approach. Individual and semistructured interviews were conducted with women from different sections of the prison over a 2-month period. Participants highlighted the site for conjugal visits, the Venusterio, as a place of privacy and sexual expression between couples from outside prison...
January 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120281/the-nexus-of-trauma-victimization-and-mental-health-disorders-among-incarcerated-adults-in-spain
#15
Francisco Caravaca Sánchez, Javier Navarro Zaragoza, Noelle E Fearn, Michael G Vaughn
Victimization and exposure to trauma, commonly linked to co-occurring mental health disorders, are prevalent among prison populations. The purpose of this study is to shed light on the prevalence of various kinds of victimization and trauma exposure at distinct life stages (childhood, adulthood and during prison) among incarcerated persons in Spain. The research team surveyed a random sample of 453 male and female inmates, serving time in two Spanish prisons, to gather information on experiences of physical and sexual victimization in both childhood and adulthood along with the presence or absence of in-prison treatment for a mental health disorder(s)...
January 25, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116586/hiv-related-sexual-risk-among-african-american-men-preceding-incarceration-associations-with-support-from-significant-others-family-and-friends
#16
Ashley M Coatsworth, Joy D Scheidell, David A Wohl, Nicole E Whitehead, Carol E Golin, Selena Judon-Monk, Maria R Khan
We evaluated the association between social support received from significant others, family, and friends and HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among African American men involved in the criminal justice system. Project DISRUPT is a cohort study among African American men released from prison in North Carolina (N = 189). During the baseline (in-prison) survey, we assessed the amount of support men perceived they had received from significant others, family, and friends. We measured associations between low support from each source (<median value) and participants' sex risk in the 6 months before incarceration...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116579/extending-smoking-abstinence-after-release-from-smoke-free-prisons-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Cheneal Puljević, Stuart A Kinner, Dominique de Andrade
BACKGROUND: A smoking ban was implemented across all prisons in Queensland, Australia, in May 2014, with the aim of improving the health of prisoners and prison staff. However, relapse to smoking after release from prison is common. Only one previous study, conducted in the United States, has used a randomised design to evaluate an intervention to assist individuals in remaining abstinent from smoking following release from a smoke-free prison. METHODS: This paper describes the rationale for and design of a randomised controlled trial of an intervention to extend smoking abstinence in men after release from smoke-free prisons in the state of Queensland, Australia...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114092/-utilization-of-technological-resources-within-the-framework-of-operation-of-a-mobile-mental-health-unit
#18
D Garoni, D Sarantidis, K Katsadoros
Telepsychiatry was introduced in the early 1950's for the provision of mental health services from a distance. In 1990 the progress made in telecommunications technologies caused a significant expansion in telepsychiatry services. It can refer to store and forward technologies, interactive technologies, remote monitoring technologies and it is applied to contribute to the lift of restrictions placed on providing mental health services. Restrictions may exist due to geographic isolation, lack of specialized services, high cost of moving patients etc...
October 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108877/a-moderated-mediation-model-of-hiv-related-stigma-depression-and-social-support-on-health-related-quality-of-life-among-incarcerated-malaysian-men-with-hiv-and-opioid-dependence
#19
Roman Shrestha, Michael Copenhaver, Alexander R Bazazi, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Archana Krishnan, Frederick L Altice
Although it is well established that HIV-related stigma, depression, and lack of social support are negatively associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among people living with HIV (PLH), no studies to date have examined how these psychosocial factors interact with each other and affect HRQoL among incarcerated PLH. We, therefore, incorporated a moderated mediation model (MMM) to explore whether depression mediates the effect of HIV-related stigma on HRQoL as a function of the underlying level of social support...
January 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107680/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-buprenorphine-for-prisoners-findings-at-12-months-post-release
#20
Michael S Gordon, Timothy W Kinlock, Robert P Schwartz, Kevin E O'Grady, Terrence T Fitzgerald, Frank J Vocci
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether starting buprenorphine treatment prior to prison and after release from prison would be associated with better drug treatment outcomes and whether males and females responded differently to the combination of in-prison treatment and post-release service setting. METHODS: Study design was a 2 (In-Prison Treatment: Condition: Buprenorphine Treatment: vs. Counseling Only)×2 [Post-Release Service Setting Condition: Opioid Treatment: Program (OTP) vs...
March 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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