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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166489/prevalence-of-syphilis-and-hiv-infection-during-pregnancy-in-incarcerated-women-and-the-incidence-of-congenital-syphilis-in-births-in-prison-in-brazil
#1
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves Pereira, Barbara Ayres, Alexandra Roma Sánchez, Bernard Larouzé
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of syphilis and HIV infection during pregnancy, the mother to child transmission of syphilis and the incidence of congenital syphilis in incarcerated women in Brazil; to compare these rates to those observed in pregnant women outside of jail; and to verify the maternal factors associated with syphilis infection during pregnancy in free and incarcerated women. We used data from two nationwide studies conducted during the period 2011-2014. The Birth in Brazil study included 23,894 free women cared for in 266 hospitals...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161059/american-doctors-at-the-nuremberg-medical-trial
#2
Evelyne Shuster
Three Hippocratic physicians played critical roles in the prosecution of 23 Nazi doctors charged with murder and torture for conducting lethal medical experiments on concentration camp prisoners. Two of the physicians, Leopold Alexander and Andrew C. Ivy, were Americans, and the other, Werner Leibbrandt, was German. At the 70th anniversary of the Doctors' Trial it is fitting to recall the three's influences and contributions to the formulation of strict research ethics rules, known as the Nuremberg Code. Their contributions help us better understand why they insisted on strict research rules and yet ultimately were unable to apply these rules to their own research...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157508/suicidal-ideation-while-incarcerated-prevalence-and-correlates-in-a-large-sample-of-male-prisoners-in-flanders-belgium
#3
Louis Favril, Freya Vander Laenen, Christophe Vandeviver, Kurt Audenaert
Prisoners constitute a high-risk group for suicide. As an early stage in the pathway leading to suicide, suicidal ideation represents an important target for prevention, yet research on this topic is scarce in general prison populations. Using a cross-sectional survey design, correlates of suicidal ideation while incarcerated were examined in a sample of 1203 male prisoners, randomly selected from 15 Flemish prisons. Overall, a lifetime history of suicidal ideation and attempts was endorsed by 43.1% and 20...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154489/characteristics-of-prisoners-with-intellectual-disabilities
#4
E Chaplin, J McCarthy, L Underwood, A Forrester, H Hayward, J Sabet, R Mills, S Young, P Asherson, D Murphy
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found high rates of intellectual disabilities (ID) in prison. However, little is understood about prisoners with ID. This study aimed to identify prisoners with ID and compare their characteristics with prisoners without neurodevelopmental disorders with regard to demographic profile, mental health, suicide risk and offences. METHOD: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out using face-to-face interviews with 240 participants in a London Category C prison...
December 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154395/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-mortality-after-release-from-prison-in-australia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Simon J Forsyth, Megan Carroll, Nicholas Lennox, Stuart A Kinner
AIMS: To estimate the incidence and identify risk factors for mortality in adults released from prisons in the state of Queensland, Australia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study, linking baseline survey data with a national death register. SETTING: Selected prisons within Queensland, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (N=1320) recruited in Queensland prisons within 6 weeks of expected release, between August 2008 and July 2010, followed for up to 4...
November 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153008/teaching-health-versus-treating-illness-the-efficacy-of-three-principles-correctional-counseling-with-people-in-an-english-prison
#6
Thomas M Kelley, Jacqueline Hollows, Eric G Lambert, Dennis M Savard, Jack Pransky
Three principles correctional counseling (3PCC) posits that people in prison have inner mental health they have obscured to varying degrees with their own thinking. 3PCC further posits that people in prison can rekindle and sustain this inner health via understanding how three psychospiritual principles-Universal Mind, consciousness, and thought-coalesce to form people's psychological experience. We review the three principles and explain how exposure to these principles can lead to improved mental health and improved behavior...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143681/economic-evaluation-of-hcv-testing-approaches-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#7
REVIEW
Jake R Morgan, Maria Servidone, Philippa Easterbrook, Benjamin P Linas
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents a major public health burden with diverse epidemics worldwide, but at present, only a minority of infected persons have been tested and are aware of their diagnosis. The advent of highly effective direct acting antiviral (DAA) therapy, which is becoming available at increasingly lower costs in low and middle income countries (LMICs), represents a major opportunity to expand access to testing and treatment. However, there is uncertainty as to the optimal testing approaches and who to prioritize for testing...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137869/morbidity-and-mortality-in-homeless-individuals-prisoners-sex-workers-and-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Robert W Aldridge, Alistair Story, Stephen W Hwang, Merete Nordentoft, Serena A Luchenski, Greg Hartwell, Emily J Tweed, Dan Lewer, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Andrew C Hayward
BACKGROUND: Inclusion health focuses on people in extremely poor health due to poverty, marginalisation, and multimorbidity. We aimed to review morbidity and mortality data on four overlapping populations who experience considerable social exclusion: homeless populations, individuals with substance use disorders, sex workers, and imprisoned individuals. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies published between Jan 1, 2005, and Oct 1, 2015...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131730/psychological-benefits-of-yoga-for-female-inmates
#9
Yoika Danielly, Colin Silverthorne
Female inmates involved in the Yoga Prison Project at two correctional facilities in South Carolina served as subjects. Inmates were selected from those who applied to participate in a ten-week trauma-focused yoga program. To create control and experimental groups, inmates who requested to participate were randomly assigned to be in the class (Treatment Group, n = 33) or a waitlist (Control Group, n = 17). Inmates on the waitlist subsequently joined the next class, so all who applied and were eligible participated in a yoga class...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131469/do-programs-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-leaving-prison-meet-their-health-and-social-support-needs
#10
REVIEW
Penelope Abbott, Jane E Lloyd, Chandni Joshi, Kathy Malera-Bandjalan, Eileen Baldry, Elizabeth McEntyre, Juanita Sherwood, Jennifer Reath, Devon Indig, Mark F Harris
The objective of this review was to synthesise evidence on the health and social support needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people leaving prison and on programs which aid successful community re-entry. A systematic literature review was undertaken of peer-reviewed and grey literature published between 2001 and 2013, focusing on the post-release needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults and pre- and post-release programs. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have high health and social support needs on leaving prison...
November 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127034/balancing-nanotoxicity-and-returns-in-health-applications-the-prisoner-s-dilemma
#11
D A Gkika, L Magafas, P Cool, J Braet
Over the past 30 years, there have been significant advancements in the field of nanomaterials. The possibility to use them in applications such as cancer treatment is extremely promising; however, the toxicity of many nanomaterials as well as the high costs associated with their use is still a concern. This paper aims to study the connection between nanomaterial toxicity and cost. This synergy may be interpreted as a different version of the classic "Prisoner's Dilemma" game, which in this case attempts to explain the possible outcomes of cooperation versus conflict between science advocating for the use of high-risk, possibly toxic materials due to their high returns, and society that might be dubious about the use of high-risk materials...
November 7, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119358/hepatitis-b-c-and-d-virus-genotypes-detected-in-hbsag-or-anti-hcv-positive-people-from-the-republic-of-moldova
#12
Ala Gori, Stela Gheorgita, Constantin Spinu, Iurie Pinzaru, Ala Halacu, Octavian Sajen, Luminița Suveica, Aurélie Sausy, Claude P Muller, Judith M Hübschen
In the Republic of Moldova, little is known about hepatitis B, C and D virus (HBV, HCV, HDV) genotypes, although the genetic variant may influence the course and outcome of disease. For HBV genotyping, 301 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive sera collected in 2010 and 2011 from drug users, prison inmates, commercial sex workers, and the general population in different geographical regions were investigated. The 31 HBsAg-positive sera collected in 2011 were also tested for HDV. Eighty-eight anti-HCV-positive sera collected between 2010 and 2011 from the general population and health care workers were used for HCV genotyping...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117723/cardiovascular-disease-risk-predicts-health-perception-in-prison-inmates
#13
Zyad T Saleh, Alison Connell, Terry A Lennie, Alison L Bailey, Rami A Elshatarat, Khalil Yousef, Debra K Moser
We hypothesized that risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) would be associated with worse health perceptions in prison inmates. This study included 362 inmates recruited from four medium security prisons in Kentucky. Framingham Risk Score was used to estimate the risk of developing CVD within the next 10 years. A single item on self-rated health from the Medical Outcomes Survey-Short Form 36 was used to measure health perception. Multinomial logistic regression showed that for every 1-unit increase in Framingham Risk Score, inmates were 23% more likely to have rated their health as fair/poor and 11% more likely to rate their health as good rather than very good/excellent...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110719/plague-risk-in-vulnerable-community-assessment-of-xenopsylla-cheopis-susceptibility-to-insecticides-in-malagasy-prisons
#14
Adélaïde Miarinjara, Jean Vergain, Jean Marcel Kavaruganda, Minoarisoa Rajerison, Sébastien Boyer
BACKGROUND: Prisons in Madagascar are at high risk of plague outbreak. Occurrence of plague epidemic in prisons can cause significant episode of urban plague through the movement of potentially infected humans, rodents and fleas. Rodent and flea controls are essential in plague prevention, by reducing human contact with plague reservoirs and vectors. Insecticide treatment is the key step available for the control of rat fleas which transmit the disease from infected rodents to human. The implementation of an adapted flea control strategy should rely on the insecticide susceptibility status of the targeted population...
November 7, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110546/problem-gambling-among-australian-male-prisoners-lifetime-prevalence-help-seeking-and-association-with-incarceration-and-aboriginality
#15
Ben J Riley, Amii Larsen, Malcolm Battersby, Peter Harvey
Prisoners represent a group containing the highest problem gambling (PG) rate found in any population. PG is of particular concern among Indigenous Australians. Little data exist concerning PG rates among Indigenous Australian prisoners. The present study aimed to address this gap in the literature by examining the lifetime prevalence of PG among male prisoners, whilst identifying prisoners of Aboriginal background. The EIGHT Gambling Screen (Early Intervention Gambling Health Test) was administered to 296 prisoners across three male prisons in South Australia...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109309/prevalence-of-dental-caries-and-oral-hygiene-status-among-juvenile-prisoners-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#16
Thamer Alkhadra
AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of dental caries and oral hygiene status among juvenile prisoners in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 105 prisoners aged between 12 and 17 years of age from the Juvenile Detention Center were included in the study. Any prisoner with systemic illness and being noncooperative were excluded from the study. Clinical examinations were performed under an artificial light source using a disposable mouth mirror and explorer while seated on a portable chair...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105203/self-reported-injection-practices-among-people-who-use-drugs-in-french-prisons-public-health-implications-anrs-coquelicot-survey-2011-2013
#17
Laurent Michel, Philippe Trouiller, Aude Chollet, Marie Molinier, Lucie Duchesne, Marie Jauffret-Roustide
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the prevalences of injection practices and needle/syringe sharing in people who use drugs in French prisons, and to investigate associated factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using the ANRS-Coquelicot survey (2011-2013), a random sample of 1718 people who used drugs in free society was included. Information regarding a history of incarceration, drug-injection practices inside prison and needle/syringe sharing was collected during interviews...
November 3, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097105/emergent-predictors-of-hepatitis-c-infection-among-non-injection-drug-users
#18
Sheila Araújo Teles, Elucir Gir, Regina Maria Bringel Martins, Megmar Aparecida Dos Santos Carneiro, Marcos André de Matos, Karla Antonieta Amorim Caetano
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) presents a significant public health issue, especially among high-risk populations, such as truck drivers, prisoners, people living with HIV, people living with tuberculosis, and people who are homeless. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed the data of 1600 individuals recruited from high-risk populations who denied the use of injection drugs and/or history of blood transfusion to better understand on epidemiology of HCV...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095374/achieving-drug-and-alcohol-abstinence-among-recently-incarcerated-homeless-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-case-management-with-a-health-promotion-program
#19
Adeline M Nyamathi, Sanghyuk S Shin, Jolene Smeltzer, Benissa E Salem, Kartik Yadav, Maria L Ekstrand, Susan F Turner, Mark Faucette
BACKGROUND: Homeless female ex-offenders (homeless female offenders) exiting jail and prison are at a critical juncture during reentry and transitioning into the community setting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of a dialectical behavioral therapy-case management (DBT-CM) program with a health promotion (HP) program on achieving drug and alcohol abstinence among female parolees/probationers residing in the community. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter parallel randomized controlled trial with 130 female parolees/probationers (aged 19-64 years) residing in the community randomly assigned to either DBT-CM (n = 65) or HP (n = 65)...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084290/exploring-differences-in-healthcare-utilization-of-prisoners-in-the-canton-of-vaud-switzerland
#20
Karine Moschetti, Véra Zabrodina, Pierre Stadelmann, Tenzin Wangmo, Alberto Holly, Jean-Blaise Wasserfallen, Bernice S Elger, Bruno Gravier
Prison healthcare is an important public health concern given the increasing healthcare needs of a growing and aging prison population, which accumulates vulnerability factors and suffers from higher disease prevalence than the general population. This study identifies the key factors associated with outpatient general practitioner (GP), nursing or psychiatric healthcare utilization (HCU) within prisons. Cross-sectional data systematically collected by the prison medical staff were obtained for a sample of 1664 adult prisoners of the Canton of Vaud, Switzerland, for the year 2011...
2017: PloS One
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