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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452981/body-mass-index-and-tobacco-product-use-among-u-s-youth-findings-from-wave-1-2013-2014-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study
#1
Victoria R Green, Marushka L Silveira, Heather L Kimmel, Kevin P Conway
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco and obesity are leading contributors to mortality in the United States. Due to emerging changes in youth tobacco use, further examination of co-occurrence of these issues is warranted. METHODS: This study examined associations between body mass index (BMI) and tobacco-product use and whether these varied by gender in a nationally representative sample of 12,416 Wave 1 (2013-2014) U.S. youth (12-17 years) from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study...
February 5, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444658/impact-of-tobacco-control-policies-on-adolescent-smokeless-tobacco-and-cigar-use-a-difference-in-differences-approach
#2
Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Nicoline Bach, Christopher F Baum
BACKGROUND: While increasing cigarette taxes has been a major policy driver to decrease smoking, taxes on other tobacco products have received less attention. Our aims were to evaluate the impact of chewing tobacco/cigar taxes, cigarette taxes, and smoke-free legislation on adolescent male and female use of smokeless tobacco and cigars. METHODS: We analyzed data on 499,381 adolescents age 14-18 years from 36 US states in the Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (1999-2013) linked to state-level tobacco control policies...
February 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440796/tobacco-pouch-keratosis-in-a-young-individual-a-brief-description
#3
Preethy Mary Donald, George Renjith, Ankita Arora
Smokeless tobacco is used orally or nasally without burning tobacco. This is equally harmful as smokers due to the tobacco content and can cause oral cancer as well as systemic effects such as nicotinic dependence. Many other oral conditions have also been reported in association with smokeless tobacco. This paper presents features of tobacco pouch keratosis and aims to highlight the oral effects of smokeless tobacco, management, and guidelines for dentists in educating and counselling tobacco users.
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436898/attitudes-toward-tobacco-alcohol-and-non-alcoholic-beverage-advertisement-themes-among-adolescent-boys
#4
Katherine L Friedman, Megan E Roberts, Brittney Keller-Hamilton, Katherine A Yates, Electra D Paskett, Micah L Berman, Michael D Slater, Bo Lu, Amy K Ferketich
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have examined what adolescents find appealing in tobacco and alcohol advertisements and how different themes in advertisements are used to manipulate consumer behaviors. Yet, we know little about the relationship between the themes portrayed in advertisements and youth attitudes towards those themes. OBJECTIVES: This study compared attitudes towards advertisements for different consumer products in a sample of urban and rural adolescent boys in order to examine how key marketing themes impact adolescent attitudes towards those advertisements...
February 13, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429605/e-cigarette-and-smokeless-tobacco-use-and-switching-among-smokers-findings-from-the-national-adult-tobacco-survey
#5
Gabriella M Anic, Enver Holder-Hayes, Bridget K Ambrose, Brian L Rostron, Blair Coleman, Ahmed Jamal, Benjamin J Apelberg
INTRODUCTION: Assessing the extent that cigarette smokers use or switch to e-cigarettes and smokeless tobacco can help inform the population health impact of these products. This study estimated the prevalence of e-cigarette and smokeless tobacco use and switching among current and recent former adult cigarette smokers. METHODS: Data from the 2012-2013 (n=8,891) and 2013-2014 (n=11,379) National Adult Tobacco Survey were analyzed in 2016. Response rates for this telephone survey were 44...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427388/reviewing-smokeless-tobacco-epidemiology-carcinogenesis-and-cessation-strategy-for-otolaryngologists
#6
REVIEW
Luke Stanisce, Kristin Levin, Nadir Ahmad, Yekaterina Koshkareva
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide an otolaryngologist-targeted summary regarding the epidemiology, carcinogenesis, and cessation strategies for smokeless tobacco usage. STUDY DESIGN: Evidence-based literature review. METHODS: We reviewed the current evidence-based literature concerning trends in smokeless tobacco use, associations with neoplastic change, and therapeutic interventions to assist with sustained abstinence. In complement, we present an actual case of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma in the setting of chronic tobacco-dentifrice usage in a lifelong nonsmoker...
February 10, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421645/feeding-of-tobacco-blend-or-nicotine-induced-weight-loss-associated-with-decreased-adipocyte-size-and-increased-physical-activity-in-male-mice
#7
Mingxia Liu, Chia-Chi Chuang Key, Allison Weckerle, Elena Boudyguina, Janet K Sawyer, Abraham K Gebre, Wayne Spoo, Om Makwana, John S Parks
Although epidemiological data and results from rodent studies support an inverse relationship between nicotine consumption and body weight, the molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. CD-1 mice were fed a basal diet or a basal diet containing low or high dose smokeless tobacco blend or high dose nicotine tartrate for 14 weeks. High dose tobacco blend and nicotine tartrate diets vs. basal diet reduced mouse body weight (16.3% and 19.7%, respectively), epididymal (67.6% and 72.5%, respectively) and brown adipose weight (42% and 38%, respectively), epididymal adipocyte size (46...
February 5, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417069/assessment-of-readiness-to-quit-tobacco-among-patients-with-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-using-transtheoretical-model
#8
Amit Kumar, Akanksha Tiwari, Akshatha Gadiyar, Ridhima B Gaunkar, Amita Kenkre Kamat
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is a disease of addiction and a behavior choice. It is valuable to understand the psychosocial dimension of disease. OBJECTIVES: The research aimed to assess the (I) behavioral determinants and pattern of tobacco use (II) readiness to quit tobacco among patients with oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) using transtheoretical model (TTM) approach visiting the dental college in Goa, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among 300 patients over 3 months...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416995/prevalence-of-risk-factors-of-noncommunicable-diseases-in-a-rural-population-of-district-gautam-budh-nagar-uttar-pradesh-using-the-world-health-organization-steps-approach
#9
Shalini Srivastav, Harsh Mahajan, Sonia Goel, Sidhyartha Mukherjee
Context: Globally, it is estimated that by 2020, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) will account for 73% of deaths and 60% of disease burden. India is in the midst of an epidemiological transition leading to increasing the prevalence of NCDs. Targeting the risk factors for NCDs is recognized as an essential preventive strategy. Aims: The rationale of this study was to decipher the baseline data on the prevalence of NCD risk factors among the rural population. Settings and Design: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 207 adults in the rural catchment area of the Department of Community Medicine...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396797/a-study-on-tobacco-use-among-school-children
#10
Arun Kurupath, Pankaj Sureka
Tobacco use among school children is becoming a serious problem. The early age of initiation underscores the urgent need to intervene and protect this vulnerable group from falling prey to this addiction. The present study was undertaken to assess (i) the prevalence and pattern of tobacco use among school children in India (ii) relation of tobacco use prevalence and pattern with socio-economic status (SES) of student's family. This is a cross sectional 16 months study done in school going Indian students aged ≥ 6 years with sample size of 1460...
February 2, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388274/community-level-exposure-to-the-rural-mining-industry-the-potential-influence-on-early-adolescent-alcohol-and-tobacco-use
#11
Christopher Gay, Kristen Clements-Nolle, John Packham, Gerald Ackerman, Taylor Lensch, Wei Yang
PURPOSE: Rural youth have higher rates of alcohol and tobacco use compared to their urban counterparts. However, the economic dependence of rural communities may differentially influence risk behaviors. While research has shown that adults working in mining have elevated rates of alcohol and tobacco use, the influence of living in a mining community on early adolescent substance use is unknown. METHODS: Using data from a representative sample of 4,535 middle school students in a state with heavy reliance on mining, we conducted weighted logistic regression to investigate whether community-level mining economic dependence influences rural-urban differences in adolescent alcohol and tobacco use...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373698/randomized-trial-to-compare-smoking-cessation-rates-of-snus-with-and-without-smokeless-tobacco-health-related-information-and-a-nicotine-lozenge
#12
Paul R Nelson, Peter Chen, Deena R Battista, Janine L Pillitteri, Saul Shiffman
Introduction: Nicotine replacement medications are moderately effective in increasing quit rates. However, some smokers reject such aids, suggesting the value of considering alternative options. Snus, a smokeless tobacco product with low nitrosamine content, could offer an alternative. This study compared smoking cessation rates for snus, with and without information about reduced risk relative to smoking, with a nicotine lozenge (without relative risk information). Methods: A randomized, open-label, multicenter clinical trial with 649 smokers, aged 21 to 65, who smoked at least 10 cigarettes per day for the past year and were motivated to quit smoking...
January 24, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370150/state-specific-prevalence-of-tobacco-product-use-among-adults-united-states-2014-2015
#13
Satomi Odani, Brian S Armour, Corinne M Graffunder, Gordon Willis, Anne M Hartman, Israel T Agaku
Despite recent declines in cigarette smoking prevalence, the tobacco product landscape has shifted to include emerging tobacco products* (1,2). Previous research has documented adult use of smokeless tobacco and cigarettes by state (3); however, state-specific data on other tobacco products are limited. To assess tobacco product use in the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia (DC), CDC and the National Cancer Institute analyzed self-reported use of six tobacco product types: cigarettes, cigars, regular pipes, water pipes, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), and smokeless tobacco products among adults aged ≥18 years using data from the 2014-2015 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS)...
January 26, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363611/price-elasticity-of-demand-of-non-cigarette-tobacco-products-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Mohammed Jawad, John Tayu Lee, Stanton Glantz, Christopher Millett
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the price elasticity of demand of non-cigarette tobacco products. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, EconLit and the Web of Science without language or time restrictions. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers screened title and abstracts, then full texts, independently and in duplicate. We based eligibility criteria on study design (interventional or observational), population (individuals or communities without geographic restrictions), intervention (price change) and outcome (change in demand)...
January 23, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349255/gender-specific-associations-between-involvement-in-team-sport-culture-and-canadian-adolescents-substance-use-behavior
#15
Randy Boyes, Dylan E O'Sullivan, Brooke Linden, Michael McIsaac, William Pickett
Canadian adolescents have some of the highest rates of substance use in the world. The etiology of this phenomenon has not been fully explored, and one possible contextual determinant is involvement in sport activities that foster risk-taking behaviors through physical and social mechanisms. Using the 2013-14 Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (HBSC) study we therefore examined this hypothesis in a contemporary national sample of Canadian adolescents. The strength and direction of the relationship between sport and substance use varied by gender and substance, with team sport participation associated with increased binge drinking (RR 1...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338581/perceived-discrimination-as-a-risk-factor-for-use-of-emerging-tobacco-products-more-similarities-than-differences-across-demographic-groups-and-attributions-for-discrimination
#16
Jennifer B Unger
BACKGROUND: Perceived discrimination has been associated with cigarette smoking and other substance use among members of disadvantaged minority groups. However, most studies have focused on a single minority group, have not considered the individual's attribution for the discrimination, and have not considered emerging tobacco products. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between perceived discrimination and use of six tobacco products (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, hookah, and smokeless tobacco) in a diverse sample of 1,068 adults in the United States...
January 17, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325111/risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-among-smokeless-tobacco-users-results-of-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-global-data
#17
Ruchika Gupta, Sanjay Gupta, Shashi Sharma, Dhirendra N Sinha, Ravi Mehrotra
Background: Use of smokeless tobacco (SLT) products has been linked to multiple adverse effects, especially precancer and cancer of oral cavity. However, the association of SLT use with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) is shrouded with controversy due to conflicting results in the literature. The present meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the risk of CHD among adult ever-users of SLT products along with subgroup analysis. Methods: The analysis included studies retrieved from a systematic literature search for published articles assessing risk of CHD with SLT use...
January 9, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324732/tobacco-product-use-among-military-veterans-united-states-2010-2015
#18
Satomi Odani, Israel T Agaku, Corinne M Graffunder, Michael A Tynan, Brian S Armour
In 2015, an estimated 18.8 million U.S. adults were military veterans (1). Although the prevalence of tobacco-attributable conditions is high among veterans (2), there is a paucity of data on use of tobacco products, other than cigarettes, in this population. To monitor tobacco product use among veterans, CDC analyzed self-reported current (i.e., past 30-day) use of five tobacco product types (cigarettes, cigars [big cigars, cigarillos, or little cigars], roll-your-own tobacco, pipes, and smokeless tobacco [chewing tobacco, snuff, dip, or snus]) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324177/tobacco-use-among-adults-by-sexual-orientation-findings-from-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-study
#19
Christopher W Wheldon, Annette R Kaufman, Karin A Kasza, Richard P Moser
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to characterize lifetime tobacco use across two measures of sexual orientation and six types of tobacco products. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (Wave 1, 2013-2014, USA) to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, pipes, hookah, and smokeless) stratified by gender (men/women), age (< 25/≥ 25 years old), and sexual orientation...
January 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306721/comparative-risk-assessment-and-cessation-information-seeking-among-smokeless-tobacco-users
#20
Jungmi Jun, Xiaoli Nan
INTRODUCTION: This research examined (1) smokeless tobacco users' comparative optimism in assessing the health and addiction risks of their own product in comparison with cigarettes, and (2) the effects of comparative optimism on cessation information-seeking. METHODS: A nationally-representative sample from the 2015 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS)-FDA was employed. RESULTS: The analyses revealed the presence of comparative optimism in assessing both health and addiction risks among smokeless tobacco users...
December 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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