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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039635/bacteria-caused-by-smokeless-tobacco-creates-health-issues
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020532/trends-in-point-of-sale-tobacco-marketing-around-college-campuses-opportunities-for-enhanced-tobacco-control-efforts
#2
Kimberly G Wagoner, Erin L Sutfin, Eunyoung Song, Jessica L King, Kathleen L Egan, Beth Reboussin, Beata Debinski, John Spangler, Mark Wolfson
OBJECTIVE: Colleges have implemented policies to limit tobacco use on-campus; however, the off-campus environment is often overlooked in tobacco control efforts. We assessed availability, marketing, and promotion of cigarettes, snus, and traditional smokeless tobacco (SLT) in a sample of communities surrounding 11 college campuses in North Carolina and Virginia. PARTICIPANTS: Between January-March of 2011, 2012 and 2013, 481 tobacco-selling retailers, including convenience stores, pharmacies and supermarkets, located near campuses were assessed...
October 11, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018793/the-risk-of-hypertension-and-other-chronic-diseases-comparing-smokeless-tobacco-with-smoking
#3
Ankit Anand, Md Illias Kanchan Sk
BACKGROUND: In the past, studies have compared smokeless tobacco and non-tobacco users for the risk of various chronic diseases. The differences in the risk of chronic diseases between smokeless tobacco user and smokers have not been explored. The objective of this study is to estimate the risk of chronic diseases among smokeless tobacco users compared to smokers. METHODS: The data were used from the Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) Wave-1, conducted in 2007-2008 in India...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016249/factors-associated-with-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-ageing-black-south-african-women
#4
Philippe Jean-Luc Gradidge
BACKGROUND: The incidence of obesity and related metabolic diseases is high and increasing in sub-Saharan African women. Evidence on the determinants of these diseases is limited, particularly in black South African women. OBJECTIVE: This PhD review attempts to understand the determinants of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a population of ageing urban-dwelling black South African women. METHODS: Drawing on the longitudinal Birth-to-Twenty-Plus cohort, data were collected in 2002/03 and 2012/13, including information on behavioural factors (smoking, sitting time, physical activity, smokeless tobacco, and alcohol consumption), body-size perception, body composition (measures of adiposity and lean mass), blood pressure, and cardiometabolic biomarkers (lipid profile, fasting insulin, fasting blood glucose, insulin resistance, leptin, and adiponectin)...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994648/smokeless-tobacco-snus-use-and-colorectal-cancer-incidence-and-survival-results-from-nine-pooled-cohorts
#5
Marzieh Araghi, Maria Rosaria Galanti, Michael Lundberg, Zhiwei Liu, Weimin Ye, Anton Lager, Gunnar Engström, Jonas Manjer, Lars Alfredsson, Anders Knutsson, Margareta Norberg, Richard Palmqvist, Björn Gylling, Patrik Wennberg, Ylva Trolle Lagerros, Rino Bellocco, Nancy L Pedersen, Per-Olof Östergren, Cecilia Magnusson
AIMS: Although smoking is considered to be an established risk factor for colorectal cancer, the current evidence on the association between smokeless tobacco and colorectal cancer is scant and inconclusive. We used pooled individual data from the Swedish Collaboration on Health Effects of Snus Use to assess this association. METHODS: A total of 417,872 male participants from nine cohort studies across Sweden were followed up for incidence of colorectal cancer and death...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994647/factors-influencing-the-initiation-of-smokeless-tobacco-consumption-among-low-socioeconomic-community-in-bangladesh-a-qualitative-investigation
#6
Md Shahjahan, Md Golam Dostogir Harun, A B M Alauddin Chowdhury, Kapil Ahmed, Hafiz T A Khan
This study explored factors influencing the initiation of smokeless tobacco (SLT) consumption in a low socioeconomic urban community in Bangladesh. The study conducted four focus group discussions among 33 informants involves school teachers, community leaders, women, and betel-nut shops owners. The results were prepared by thematic analysis of the transcripts where informants mean age was 30 ( SD ± 6.8) years with varying level of education. Tradition of hospitality, curiosity, offer from an elderly person, and avoiding nausea during pregnancy and at time of quitting smoking were key factors for the initiation of SLT consumption...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965626/establishing-fascin-over-expression-as-a-strategic-regulator-of-neoplastic-aggression-and-lymph-node-metastasis-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-tumor-microenvironment
#7
Samapika Routray, Supriya Kheur, Hemlata M Chougule, Neeta Mohanty, Rupesh Dash
INTRODUCTION: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has an aggressive behaviour with high incidence of nodal metastasis, even in the early stages, leading to poor prognosis. For progression and metastasis of cancers, the dominant element considered is cell motility. Fascin, an actin-binding protein has emerged as a protein of general importance for a diverse set of cell protrusions with functions in cell adhesion, cell interactions, and cell migration. The role of Fascin in various carcinomas, including aggressive behaviour in OSCC has been documented, but its role as a key regulator in lymph nodes metastasis is yet to be validated...
October 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965069/tobacco-product-use-and-mental-health-status-among-young-adults
#8
Jessica L King, Beth A Reboussin, John Spangler, Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Erin L Sutfin
BACKGROUND: Individuals with mental health conditions represent a priority population for tobacco control. This population smokes cigarettes at disproportionately higher rates than the general population, but less is known about the relationship between non-cigarette tobacco use and mental health status. METHOD: In 2013, 2370 young adults recruited from 11 colleges in North Carolina and Virginia completed an online survey on tobacco use. We compared past 6-month self-reported mental health diagnosis, past 30-day depression score, and past 7-day stress score to past 30-day cigarette, e-cigarette, waterpipe, cigar, and smokeless tobacco use...
September 23, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945503/between-traditions-and-health-beliefs-and-perceptions-of-health-effects-of-smokeless-tobacco-among-selected-users-in-nigeria
#9
Michael Adewole Adedigba, Joshua -Aransiola, Regina I Arobieke, Olufemi Adewole, Temitope Oyelami
OBJECTIVES: Snuffing or licking of smokeless tobacco (SLT) is one of the oldest traditional practices among the African population. This study aims to investigate the beliefs and practices related to SLT use among users in Nigeria. We also assess the awareness of the health consequences of SLT among users. METHODS: A qualitative technique involving an in-depth interview was employed to collect data from SLT users from selected indigenous Nigerian populations in their traditional settings (Saki, Ile-Ife, Ibadan, and Abuja)...
September 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938110/monitoring-harm-perceptions-of-smokeless-tobacco-products-among-u-s-adults-health-information-national-trends-survey-2012-2014-2015
#10
Shari P Feirman, Elisabeth A Donaldson, Mark Parascandola, Kimberly Snyder, Cindy Tworek
INTRODUCTION: Changes to the U.S. smokeless tobacco landscape in recent years include a change to health warnings on packages, the implementation of bans in some stadiums, and the launch of a federal youth prevention campaign. It is unclear whether such changes have impacted consumer beliefs about smokeless tobacco. This study examines relative harm perceptions of smokeless tobacco compared to cigarettes among adults and assesses changes in smokeless tobacco harm perceptions over time...
September 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928322/assessment-of-urinary-cotinine-levels-in-women-with-gynecological-complaints-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-a-pilot-study
#11
A G Radhika, Sruthi Bhaskaran, Jagdish Kaur, Anshuja Singla, Tusha Sharma, B D Banerjee
Gynecological effects due to smokeless tobacco exposure are not well studied. This cross-sectional study was undertaken with the objective to evaluate the urinary cotinine levels in women of reproductive age with gynecological complaints. The study was conducted in 2015 at the outpatient clinic of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi. A total of 192 consecutive women presenting with gynecological complaints (pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility, and menstrual abnormality) were recruited...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928320/tobacco-use-among-young-adolescents-in-myanmar-findings-from-global-youth-tobacco-survey
#12
Nyein Aye Tun, Thuzar Chittin, Naveen Agarwal, Mya Lay New, Yamin Thaung, Pyi Pyi Phyo
BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption among youths poses significant public health problem in developing countries. This study utilized the available data of Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) to assess the prevalence of tobacco use among Myanmar adolescents. OBJECTIVES: We have conducted the fourth round of the GYTS in Myanmar during 2016 to monitor trends in tobacco use. METHODS: We have selected 51 schools using random sampling based on probability proportional to school enrollment...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928314/smokeless-tobacco-and-public-health-in-bangladesh
#13
REVIEW
Rumana Huque, M Mostafa Zaman, Syed Mahfuzul Huq, Dhirendra N Sinha
Despite the high prevalence of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use among adults in Bangladesh, SLT was not included in the Tobacco Control Law till 2013. Information on SLT use among Bangladeshi people is inadequate for policymaking and implementing effective control measures. With the aim to identify the prevalence and trends of different SLT products, health and economic impacts, manufacture, and sale of and policies related to SLT in Bangladesh, we carried out a literature review, which involved literature search, data extraction, and synthesis...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928313/youth-tobacco-use-in-south-east-asia-implications-for-tobacco-epidemic-and-options-for-its-control-in-the-region
#14
REVIEW
Manju Rani, Thaksaphon Thamarangsi, Naveen Agarwal
Nearly half of all male population and two in every five females in the WHO South-East Asia Region (SEAR) consume some form of tobacco. Preventing initiation among adolescents is critical for overall tobacco control. We assessed the trends in youth tobacco use and policies in SEAR. Data are used from school-based youth (Global Youth Tobacco Survey and global school student-based health survey) and adult (Global Adult Tobacco Survey, STEPS) tobacco surveys and the WHO Framework of Convention of Tobacco Control (FCTC) implementation database...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928311/regulating-smokeless-tobacco-and-processed-areca-nut-in-south-east-asia-region-the-journey-so-far-and-the-road-ahead
#15
REVIEW
Jagdish Kaur, Thaksaphon Thamarangsi, Arvind Vashishta Rinkoo
South-East Asia Region (SEAR) has more smokeless tobacco users as compared to smokers. The growing prevalence and cultural acceptance of consumption of flavored areca nut and related products, for example, supari and pan masala in many countries are confounding the scenario. The prevalence of a variety of tobacco products makes regulation a challenge which gets more complicated in view of weak enforcement of regulatory policies aggressive marketing of such products by the tobacco industry. Some countries have attempted to regulate smokeless tobacco and related products by enforcing bans...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924313/tobacco-use-among-serving-army-personnel-an-epidemiological-study
#16
Atul Puthia, A K Yadav, Atul Kotwal
BACKGROUND: India has consequential burden of tobacco related disease and death. Though there are surveys conducted at national and regional level yet the information about tobacco consumption among army personnel is scarce. Thus an epidemiological study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and assess determinants of tobacco consumption amongst army personnel. METHODS: A community based cross sectional study was conducted using simple random sampling to enroll 380 personnel...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911014/re-smokeless-tobacco-use-and-the-risk-of-head-and-neck-cancer-pooled-analysis-of-us-studies-in-the-inhance-consortium
#17
Brad Rodu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900627/predictors-of-hypertension-among-nonpregnant-females-attending-health-promotion-clinic-with-special-emphasis-on-smokeless-tobacco-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Devika Bhatt, Shashi Sharma, Ruchika Gupta, Dhirendra N Sinha, Ravi Mehrotra
AIM: To determine the predictors of hypertension among nonpregnant females attending a health promotion clinic. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study was conducted during March to June 2016, at the National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, India. METHODS: The study included 319 nonpregnant females of age 20-70 years. Demographics such as age, literacy, and income were noted. History regarding use, frequency, and quantity of smokeless tobacco was taken...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893040/relationship-between-parental-bonding-and-tobacco-specific-practices-as-predictors-of-tobacco-usage-in-adults
#19
Kailash Asawa, Astha Doshi, Nagesh Bhat, Mridula Tak, Ashish Chhajlani, Satish Bhosle, Sandeep Jain, Disha Shah
INTRODUCTION: Parents influence their child's conduct and adolescence hostility either directly or indirectly. Similarly children can acquire a particular behaviour by observing and intentionally imitating their parents in order to simply copy them without understanding the positive or negative outcome. AIM: To assess and compare the association between parental tobacco usage and parental bonding with participants tobacco usage habits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 130 adults...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880223/how-social-care-beneficiaries-in-poland-rate-relative-harmfulness-of-various-tobacco-and-nicotine-containing-products
#20
Marek Milcarz, Kinga Polańska, Leokadia Bak-Romaniszyn, Dorota Kaleta
The aim of the study was to examine how social care beneficiaries rate the relative harmfulness of tobacco/nicotine-containing products compared to traditional cigarettes. This information is crucial for the development of effective tobacco control strategies targeting disadvantaged populations. The cross-sectional study covered 1817 respondents who were taking advantage of social aid services offered by the local social care institutions in the Piotrkowski district, via face-to-face interviews. The linear regression analysis indicated that relative to women, men consider slim cigarettes, smokeless tobacco and e-cigarettes to be more harmful than traditional cigarettes (p < 0...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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