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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714486/factors-associated-with-smokeless-tobacco-use-among-pregnant-women-in-rural-areas-of-the-southern-terai-nepal
#1
J K Singh, D Acharya, R Kadel, S Adhikari, D Lombard, S Koirala, R Paudel
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use among women during pregnancy leading to poor maternal and child health outcomes has been well documented. However, factors influencing use of smokeless tobacco in Nepal has not yet been well established. This study aims at exploring the factors related to smokeless tobacco use among pregnant women in rural southern Terai of Nepal. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was performed at 52 wards within 6 Village Development Committee in Dhanusha district of Nepal...
January 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708037/greater-sensitivity-of-oral-fibroblasts-to-smoked-vs-smokeless-tobacco
#2
Thomas E Lallier, John T Moylan, Erin Maturin
OBJECTIVE: Smokers have an increased incidence and severity of periodontal disease. While cigarette smoke contains over 4,000 chemical components that could affect periodontal tissues, less is understood about the effect of smokeless tobacco. Therefore, this study compared the effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) to smokeless tobacco extract (STE) on cell survival and motility of periodontal ligament (PDL) and gingival fibroblasts in vitro. METHODS: PDL and gingival fibroblasts were exposed to varying concentrations of CSE, STE or nicotine alone...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692704/oral-cancer-via-the-bargain-bin-the-risk-of-oral-cancer-associated-with-a-smokeless-tobacco-product-naswar
#3
Zohaib Khan, Steffen Dreger, Syed Majid Hussain Shah, Hermann Pohlabeln, Sheraz Khan, Zakir Ullah, Basheer Rehman, Hajo Zeeb
In the wake of smokeless tobacco (SLT) being advocated as a mean of tobacco harm reduction, it is pertinent to establish individual health risks associated with each SLT product. This case-control study was aimed at assessing the risk of oral cancer associated with a smokeless tobacco product (Naswar). The study was conducted from September 2014 till May 2015 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Exposure and covariate information was collected through a structured questionnaire. Conditional logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (OR) along with their 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676036/tobacco-use-among-kyrgyzstan-medical-students-an-11-year-follow-up-cross-sectional-study
#4
Nurlan Brimkulov, Denis Vinnikov, Zhamilia Dzhilkiadarova, Aigerim Aralbaeva
BACKGROUND: Medical students are the first line active force to combat tobacco epidemic, but they may suffer from high smoking prevalence and wrong attitude themselves. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of current curriculum on smoking behavior of medical students in Kyrgyzstan. METHODS: 20% random sample of all 6 years of the School of Medicine in Kyrgyz State Medical Academy were interviewed in spring 2016. The questionnaire included sections on tobacco products consumption and knowledge and attitude to counseling...
July 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675817/indicators-of-dependence-for-different-types-of-tobacco-product-users-descriptive-findings-from-wave-1-2013-2014-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study
#5
David R Strong, Jennifer Pearson, Sarah Ehlke, Thomas Kirchner, David Abrams, Kristie Taylor, Wilson M Compton, Kevin P Conway, Elizabeth Lambert, Victoria R Green, Lynn C Hull, Sarah E Evans, K Michael Cummings, Maciej Goniewicz, Andrew Hyland, Raymond Niaura
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: With no established standard for assessing tobacco dependence (TD) across tobacco products in surveys, the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study provides a unique platform for examining the psychometric properties and validity of multiple indicators of tobacco dependence across a range of tobacco products. PARTICIPANTS: A U.S. nationally representative sample from the 32,320 adult Wave 1 interviews with analyses focused on 14,287 respondents who were current established users of tobacco products...
June 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672200/impact-of-smoking-on-the-observed-levels-of-apolipoprotein-b-data-from-nhanes-2007-2012
#6
Ram B Jain
Impact of smoking on the levels of apolipoprotein B (APOB) was evaluated by analyzing data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the years 2007-2012 for US adolescents aged 12-19 years and adults aged >=20 years. When adjustments were made for the effects of age, gender, race/ethnicity, body mass index, and poverty income ratio, smoking did not influence the observed levels of APOB for either adolescents or adults. Moreover, even the variables that represented intensity of smoking indicated, for example, by the number of days participants smoked during the last five days and/or the number of cigarettes smoked on the days they were smoked did not affect the levels of APOB...
July 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670883/oral-cancer-awareness-in-sudan-assessment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-treatment-seeking-behavior
#7
Amel S Eltayeb, Asim Satti, Ahmed M Sulieman
Objective: This study was aimed to assess oral cancer awareness among a selected Sudanese population and to evaluate their knowledge and treatment seeking behavior. Methods: A questionnaire- based survey was performed on the general population who attended the oral cancer awareness campaigns carried between 2015 and 2016 in different geographic areas of the Sudan. It was focusing on general awareness of oral cancer, oral cancer risk factors, oral cancer clinical signs/symptoms and treatment seeking behavior...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649144/motivational-interviewing-or-counseling-medical-therapies-or-no-intervention-to-improve-tobacco-cessation-in-adults-and-adolescents
#8
Abigail R Norris, Jan E Miller
CLINICAL QUESTION: In adults and adolescents using cigarettes and/or smokeless tobacco, is motivational interviewing (MI) more effective compared to counseling, medical therapies or no intervention for improving tobacco cessation? ANSWER: Yes. Evidence is modest but conclusive that using MI alone or in conjunction with other therapies results in greater rates of tobacco cessation compared to interventions that did not include MI. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE OF THE ANSWER: A...
March 2017: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648992/the-association-between-indoor-smoke-free-home-rules-and-the-use-of-cigar-and-smokeless-tobacco-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Xiao Zhang
INTRODUCTION: The existence of an indoor smoke-free home rule is associated with lower use of cigar and smokeless tobacco. This study aims to use a longitudinal sample to examine the association between smoke-free home rules and the cessation and uptake of these two types of tobacco products. METHOD: The Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey surveyed 28,153 adults in May 2010 and then followed them up 12months later. Data from these two surveys and multiple logistic regressions were used to examine the association between overtime smoke-free home rule status and the use of cigar and smokeless tobacco...
June 20, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643739/patterns-of-tobacco-usage-among-subjects-with-potentially-malignant-oral-lesions-or-conditions-in-chennai-city-a-comparative-study
#10
Mohammed Junaid, Kalaiarasi Periyanan, Anil Raj, P D Madan Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the patterns of tobacco usage among subjects with potentially malignant oral lesions or conditions through a comparative study design. METHODS: The study was carried out in a span of 2 months on a sample of 120 subjects; 60 in case group (30 subjects with leukoplakia and oral submucous fibrosis [OSMF], respectively) and 60 subjects in control group (30 current smokers and current chewers, respectively), attending the tobacco cessation clinic at a private dental college hospital in Chennai city...
April 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642795/why-do-the-youths-in-northeast-india-use-tobacco
#11
Laishram Ladusingh, Preeti Dhillon, Pralip Kumar Narzary
This study is an assessment of the influence of parent's tobacco use on prospective tobacco use trajectories among young offspring. The study is based on unit level data from District Level Household and Facility Survey-4 (2012-2013) comprising 27,706 youths in 15-24 years' age group from northeastern states of India and used multilevel regression to identify the potential risk factors of tobacco consumption. The likelihood of using tobacco was found to be 3.4 and 1.14 times more, respectively, for the youths coresiding with mothers who use tobacco and fathers who use tobacco, in comparison to youths staying with parents not taking tobacco...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642557/smokeless-tobacco-a-substantial-risk-for-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-in-south-asia
#12
Phillip Seenan, David Conway
Data sourcesMedline, the Science Citation Index (SCI) via Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, Global Index Medicus, Google Scholar and SLT-related reports of the International Agency for Research on Cancer and the National Cancer Institute of the United States.Study selectionObservational studies on the use of SLT and the risk of developing OPMDs in South Asian Populations.Data extraction and synthesisDuplicate selection of studies was undertaken with two reviewers undertaking data abstraction and quality assessment independently...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634163/reducing-tobacco-related-harm-fda-s-proposed-product-standard-for-smokeless-tobacco
#13
Micah L Berman, Dorothy K Hatsukami
This Special Communication discusses the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) proposed rule that would limit N-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) levels in smokeless tobacco products. It argues that finalising and implementing this first 'product standard' would mark a significant step forward in the FDA's efforts to reduce tobacco-related harms.
June 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625913/use-of-rodent-data-for-cancer-risk-assessment-of-smokeless-tobacco-in-the-regulatory-context
#14
Robert Nilsson
To support risk management decisions, information from different fields has been integrated in this presentation to provide a realistic quantitative cancer risk assessment of smokeless tobacco. Smoking among Swedish men is currently below 10%, while about 20% use a special smokeless tobacco (snus) as a substitute for cigarettes. Epidemiological data and molecular biomarkers demonstrate that rodent bioassays with tobacco specific nitrosamines (TSNA) overestimate cancer risk from snus by more than one order of magnitude...
June 15, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621268/assessment-of-oral-hygiene-knowledge-practices-and-concepts-of-tobacco-usage-among-engineering-students-in-bhubaneswar-odisha-india
#15
Alokenath Bandyopadhyay, Lipsa Bhuyan, Abikshyeet Panda, Kailash C Dash, Malvika Raghuvanshi, Shyam S Behura
AIM: This study aimed to assess oral hygiene-related knowledge and practices among engineering students of Bhubaneswar city and also to evaluate the concepts about the side effects of tobacco usage among those students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted using a self-administered, close-ended questionnaire to assess the oral hygiene knowledge and practices and study the concepts on tobacco usage among 362 engineering students of Bhubaneswar city, Odisha, India...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610404/effects-of-tobacco-on-salivary-antioxidative-and-immunologic-systems
#16
Fateme Arbabi-Kalati, Saeede Salimi, Saeede Nabavi, Sahebdad Rigi, Masoud Miri-Moghaddam
Background: Tobacco use is a harmful habit that causes adverse effects on oral health and plays a most important role in cancer development. Saliva is the first fluid that is exposed to tobacco and its antioxidant system plays an important role in anti-cancer potential; therefore, this study was designed to compare the antioxidant activity and immunologic system of saliva in tobacco users (smokers and smokeless tobacco users) and non-users. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, unstimulated saliva samples of 75 healthy individuals from three equal groups were investigated...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610400/shammah-smokeless-tobacco-and-public-health
#17
Abdulsallam Bakdash
Shammah is a preparation of smokeless tobacco (ST) that is frequently used in the Arabian Peninsula, especially in Saudi Arabia. A mixture of powdered tobacco, lime, ash, black pepper, oils and flavorings, shammah in is placed in the buccal cavity or lower labial vestibule of the mouth. The user (or dipper) spits out insoluble debris. ST is linked to a number of harmful effects such as dental disease, oral cancer, oesophagus cancer, and pancreas cancer. It also causes adverse reproductive effects including stillbirth, premature birth and low birth weight...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607240/social-impacts-on-adult-use-of-tobacco-findings-from-the-international-tobacco-control-project-india-wave-1-survey
#18
Cecily S Ray, M S Pednekar, P C Gupta, M Bansal-Travers, Ack Quah, G T Fong
BACKGROUND: Social impacts on tobacco use have been reported but not well quantified. This study investigated how strongly the use of smoked and smokeless tobacco may be influenced by other users who are close to the respondents. METHODS: The International Tobacco Control Project (TCP), India, used stratified multistage cluster sampling to survey individuals aged ≥15 years in four areas of India about their tobacco use and that of their close associates. The present study used logistic regression to calculate odds ratios (ORs) for tobacco use for each type of close associate...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598973/seven-year-longitudinal-change-in-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-rural-kerala-india-the-who-steps-approach
#19
Thirunavukkarasu Sathish, Srinivasan Kannan, Sankara P Sarma, Oliver Razum, Odile Sauzet, Kavumpurathu Raman Thankappan
Nearly three-quarters of global deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) occur in low- and middle-income countries such as India. However, there are few data available on longitudinal change in risk factors for NCDs in India. We conducted a cohort study among 495 individuals (aged 15 to 64 years at baseline) in rural Kerala state, India, from 2003 to 2010. For the present analysis, data from 410 adults (aged 20 to 64 years at baseline) who participated at both baseline and follow-up studies were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590522/adolescents-smokeless-tobacco-susceptibility-by-perceived-professional-baseball-players-use
#20
Benjamin W Chaffee, Elizabeth T Couch, Stuart A Gansky
OBJECTIVE: Measure associations between adolescent baseball players' perceptions of smokeless tobacco (ST) use by professional baseball players and those adolescents' actual ST use and susceptibility. METHODS: Male baseball players (N = 360) at 25 rural California high schools completed tobacco behavior surveys and reported how likely they believed it was their favorite major league baseball player used ST. We compared ST use and, among ST never-users, willingness and expectations to use ST, according to perceived favorite player's use...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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