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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817323/rural-versus-urban-use-of-traditional-and-emerging-tobacco-products-in-the-united-states-2013-2014
#1
Megan E Roberts, Nathan J Doogan, Cassandra A Stanton, Amanda J Quisenberry, Andrea C Villanti, Diann E Gaalema, Diana R Keith, Allison N Kurti, Alexa A Lopez, Ryan Redner, Antonio Cepeda-Benito, Stephen T Higgins
OBJECTIVES: To examine urban-rural differences in US prevalences of traditional and emerging tobacco product use as well as dual or polytobacco use of these products. METHODS: Our data were derived from wave 1 (2013-2014) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. We estimated weighted prevalences of adult tobacco use across urban-rural geographies and examined prevalences classified by gender, poverty level, and region of the country. RESULTS: Nationally, cigarette use and smokeless tobacco use, as well as dual or polytobacco use of traditional products, were more prevalent in rural than in urban areas...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816192/tobacco-abuse-and-associated-oral-lesions-among-interstate-migrant-construction-workers
#2
Anzil Ks Ali, Arshad Mohammed, Archana A Thomas, Shann Paul, M Shahul, K Kasim
AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and associated oral mucosal lesions among construction workers of Cochin, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried at various construction sites of Cochin and 2,163 workers were selected using multistage sampling method and were interviewed and examined. Information regarding demographic details, form, type, frequency of tobacco use, earlier attempt to quit, and willingness to quit tobacco use was obtained using predesigned questionnaire...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801467/minors-moral-psychology-and-the-harm-reduction-debate-the-case-of-tobacco-and-nicotine
#3
Lynn T Kozlowski
Harm reduction debates are important in health policy. Although it has been established that morality affects policy, this article proposes that perspectives from moral psychology help to explain the challenges of developing evidence-based policy on prohibition-only versus tobacco/nicotine harm reduction for minors. Protecting youth from tobacco is critical, especially since tobacco/nicotine products are legal for adults, who usually begin using when young. Although cigarettes and other combustibles are the deadliest tobacco products, other products such as smokeless tobacco and electronic cigarettes, though unsafe, are upward of 90 percent less harmful than cigarettes...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798263/cost-effectiveness-of-a-smokeless-tobacco-control-mass-media-campaign-in-india
#4
Nandita Murukutla, Hongjin Yan, Shuo Wang, Nalin Singh Negi, Alexey Kotov, Sandra Mullin, Mark Goodchild
BACKGROUND: Tobacco control mass media campaigns are cost-effective in reducing tobacco consumption in high-income countries, but similar evidence from low-income countries is limited. An evaluation of a 2009 smokeless tobacco control mass media campaign in India provided an opportunity to test its cost-effectiveness. METHODS: Campaign evaluation data from a nationally representative household survey of 2898 smokeless tobacco users were compared with campaign costs in a standard cost-effectiveness methodology...
August 10, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792283/reasons-for-marijuana-and-tobacco-co-use-among-young-adults-a-mixed-methods-scale-development-study
#5
Carla J Berg, Jackelyn Payne, Lisa Henriksen, Patricia Cavazos-Rehg, Betelihem Getachew, Gillian L Schauer, Regine Haardörfer
BACKGROUND: Marijuana-tobacco co-use has increased recently, particularly in young adults. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a mixed-methods study to: (1) examine reasons for co-use; and (2) develop a scale assessing reasons for co-use among participants in a longitudinal cohort study of 3,418 students aged 18-25 from 7 Georgia colleges and universities. METHODS: Phone-based semi-structured interviews were conducted in Summer 2015 among 46 current (past 30-day, n = 26) or lifetime (n = 20) marijuana users...
August 9, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791650/nicotine-sporting-friend-or-foe-a-review-of-athlete-use-performance-consequences-and-other-considerations
#6
REVIEW
Toby Mündel
Nicotine use amongst athletes is high and increasing, especially in team sports. This narrative review examines the rationale behind its use and evidence of its effect on physical performance, and considers important factors that should determine future research efforts. To date, ten studies have assessed muscular strength and power, sub- or maximal endurance and high-intensity exercise when nicotine (medication) or smokeless tobacco was used as an intervention. Two studies observed an ergogenic effect, one an ergolytic with the remaining seven reporting no change...
August 8, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789981/tobacco-and-nicotine-delivery-product-use-in-a-national-sample-of-pregnant-women
#7
Allison N Kurti, Ryan Redner, Alexa A Lopez, Diana R Keith, Andrea C Villanti, Cassandra A Stanton, Diann E Gaalema, Janice Y Bunn, Nathan J Doogan, Antonio Cepeda-Benito, Megan E Roberts, Julie Phillips, Stephen T Higgins
Monitoring use of tobacco products among pregnant women is a public health priority, yet few studies in U.S. national samples have been reported on this topic. We examined prevalence and correlates of using cigarettes, e-cigarettes, and other tobacco/nicotine delivery products in a U.S. national sample of pregnant women. Data were obtained from all pregnant women (≥18 years) in the first wave of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH, 2013-2014) Study (N=388). Prevalence of current and prior use of tobacco/nicotine products was examined overall and among current cigarette smokers...
August 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781992/perceived-flavored-smokeless-tobacco-ease-of-use-and-youth-susceptibility
#8
Benjamin W Chaffee, Janelle Urata, Elizabeth T Couch, Stuart A Gansky
OBJECTIVES: Beliefs that flavored smokeless tobacco (ST) is more pleasant, less potent, or otherwise easier to use could contribute to youth initiation. We evaluated associations between perceived ease-of-use of flavored ST (moist snuff and chewing tobacco) and ST initiation susceptibility in a representative sample of US youth. METHODS: Among 7,718 tobacco never-users in the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study (age: 12-17; collected: 2013-2014), we compared 4 ST susceptibility items (curiosity, expectation, willingness to try, and a composite) according to whether participants reported flavored ST to be "easier to use" than unflavored ST...
July 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780876/the-pituri-learning-circle-central-australian-aboriginal-women-s-knowledge-and-practices-around-the-use-of-i-nicotiana-i-spp-as-a-chewing-tobacco
#9
Angela M Ratsch, Andrea Mason, Linda Rive, Fiona E Bogossian, Kathryn J Steadman
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco smoking has a range of known and predictable adverse outcomes, and across the world sustained smoking reduction campaigns are targeted towards reducing individual and public risk and harm. Conversely, more than 87 million women, mostly in low- and middle-income countries, use smokeless tobacco, yet the research examining the effect of this form of tobacco exposure on women is remarkably scant. In central Australia, the chewing of wild <i>Nicotiana</i> spp...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772248/evaluating-the-utility-of-subjective-effects-measures-for-predicting-product-sampling-enrollment-and-retention-in-a-clinical-trial-of-a-smokeless-tobacco-product
#10
Richard J O'Connor, Bruce R Lindgren, Liane M Schneller, Peter G Shields, Dorothy K Hatsukami
INTRODUCTION: Subjective effects of drugs, representing pharmacological and non-pharmacological effects, have been shown to be associated with future use and abuse. This also is the case for tobacco products and so measuring subjective effects, such as liking, satisfaction, and aversion, is crucial to gaining an understanding of consumer perception leading to increased use. This study examined the predictive validity of subjective drug and product effects with respect to product adoption...
July 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770880/prevalence-and-determinants-of-tobacco-use-among-school-going-adolescents-in-cambodia-and-vietnam-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and correlates of tobacco use among school-going adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of a secondary analysis of existing cross-sectional survey data from the Global School-based Health Survey from Cambodia and Vietnam in 2013, and comprised schoolchildren. Data was analysed using Stata 13.. RESULTS: The study comprised 7,137 schoolchildren. The overall mean age was 15.5±1.4 years...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768494/socio-cognitive-correlates-of-intention-to-use-toombak-a-cross-sectional-study-among-students-13-16%C3%A2-years-in-khartoum-state-sudan
#12
Hatim Mohammed Almahdi, Rouf Wahab Ali, Elwalid Fadul Nasir, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm
BACKGROUND: Toombak is a form of smokeless tobacco, locally made and consumed in Sudan. It is associated with a number of health hazards, particularly oral cancer. This study was set out to assess the prevalence and socio-demographic distribution of its use, and to explore the socio-cognitive factors affecting the intention to use Toombak among secondary school students in Khartoum State, Sudan. METHODS: A cross-sectional school-based study was conducted in 2013-2014 where schools were randomly selected using a one-stage stratified sampling procedure...
August 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760183/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-smokeless-tobacco-use-2014-2016
#13
Dina M Jones, Ban A Majeed, Scott R Weaver, Kymberle Sterling, Terry F Pechacek, Michael P Eriksen
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether the prevalence of current use of smokeless tobacco products (STPs) changed during 2014-2016 and examine factors associated with use among adults in the United States (US). METHODS: Data were obtained from Tobacco Products and Risk Perceptions Surveys of probability samples representative of US adults in 2014, 2015, and 2016. Change over time in current (past 30 day) STP use was examined using pairwise comparisons of proportions and multivariable logistic regression...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749122/tobacco-use-and-effects-of-professional-advice-on-smoking-cessation-among-youth-in-india
#14
Siddardha G Chandrupatla, Mary Tavares, Zuhair S Natto
Objective: Healthcare professionals and addiction programs play important roles in tobacco use prevention and cessation activities. In this study, we analyzed the prevalence of tobacco use and the impact of smoking cessation advice through programs/professionals among a nationally representative sample of youth in India. Methods: The data were obtained from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) 2009 dataset from a nationally representative school based survey of 8th to 10th grade students in India (n=14,543)...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734192/trajectories-of-risk-behaviors-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-the-role-of-race-and-ethnicity
#15
Eunhee Park, Thomas P McCoy, Jennifer Toller Erausquin, Robin Bartlett
INTRODUCTION: Despite important advances of longitudinal research in substance use behaviors, most studies stratify analyses by gender or race, which limits the ability to directly compare the likelihood of a particular developmental pathway across demographic groups. Thus, there is critical need for well-designed research to examine the associations of race/ethnicity with developmental trajectories of substance use behaviors across adolescence through adulthood. METHODS: Using an accelerated longitudinal design, we examined behaviors across ages 12-31 from Waves I-IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health...
July 15, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729198/e-cigarette-awareness-perceived-harmfulness-and-ever-use-among-u-s-adults
#16
Irene Pericot-Valverde, Diann E Gaalema, Jeffrey S Priest, Stephen T Higgins
The overarching aims of this study are to (a) estimate and update knowledge on rates and predictors of awareness, perceived harmfulness, and ever use of e-cigarettes among U.S. adults and (b) to utilize that information to identify risk-factor profiles associated with ever use. Data were collected from the 2015 Health Information National Trends Survey (N=3738). Logistic regression was used to explore relationships between sociodemographics (gender, age, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, educational attainment, income, and census region), current use of other tobacco products (conventional cigarettes, cigars, and smokeless tobacco), ever use of alternative products (hookah, pipes, roll-your-own cigarettes, and snus) and e-cigarette awareness, perceived harm, and ever use...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727534/patterns-of-use-of-smokeless-tobacco-in-us-adults-2013-2014
#17
Yu-Ching Cheng, Brian L Rostron, Hannah R Day, Cassandra A Stanton, Lynn C Hull, Alexander Persoskie, Mark J Travers, Kristie Taylor, Kevin P Conway, Bridget K Ambrose, Nicolette Borek
OBJECTIVES: To examine patterns of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use, by type, in wave 1 (2013-2014) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed data from 32 320 adults (aged ≥ 18 years) to assess the use of pouched snus and other SLT products (loose snus, moist snuff, dip, spit, and chewing tobacco). RESULTS: Overall, SLT use was most common among men, younger adults, non-Hispanic Whites, and nonurban respondents...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714486/factors-associated-with-smokeless-tobacco-use-among-pregnant-women-in-rural-areas-of-the-southern-terai-nepal
#18
J K Singh, D Acharya, R Kadel, S Adhikari, D Lombard, S Koirala, R Paudel
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use among women during pregnancy leading to poor maternal and child health outcomes has been well documented. However, factors influencing use of smokeless tobacco in Nepal has not yet been well established. This study aims at exploring the factors related to smokeless tobacco use among pregnant women in rural southern Terai of Nepal. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was performed at 52 wards within 6 Village Development Committee in Dhanusha district of Nepal...
January 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708037/greater-sensitivity-of-oral-fibroblasts-to-smoked-vs-smokeless-tobacco
#19
Thomas E Lallier, John T Moylan, Erin Maturin
OBJECTIVE: Smokers have an increased incidence and severity of periodontal disease. While cigarette smoke contains over 4,000 chemical components that could affect periodontal tissues, less is understood about the effect of smokeless tobacco. Therefore, this study compared the effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) to smokeless tobacco extract (STE) on cell survival and motility of periodontal ligament (PDL) and gingival fibroblasts in vitro. METHODS: PDL and gingival fibroblasts were exposed to varying concentrations of CSE, STE or nicotine alone...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692704/oral-cancer-via-the-bargain-bin-the-risk-of-oral-cancer-associated-with-a-smokeless-tobacco-product-naswar
#20
Zohaib Khan, Steffen Dreger, Syed Majid Hussain Shah, Hermann Pohlabeln, Sheraz Khan, Zakir Ullah, Basheer Rehman, Hajo Zeeb
In the wake of smokeless tobacco (SLT) being advocated as a mean of tobacco harm reduction, it is pertinent to establish individual health risks associated with each SLT product. This case-control study was aimed at assessing the risk of oral cancer associated with a smokeless tobacco product (Naswar). The study was conducted from September 2014 till May 2015 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Exposure and covariate information was collected through a structured questionnaire. Conditional logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (OR) along with their 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
2017: PloS One
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