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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882910/does-nintendo-wii-balance-board-improve-standing-balance-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Guillermo Méndez-Rebolledo, Eduardo Guzman-Muñoz, Alex Soto-Poblete, Ricardo Cartes-Velásquez, Edith Elgueta-Cancino, Eduardo Cofré Lizama
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the effect of systemic exercise programs to improve the standing balance with the Nintendo Wii system is very limited and its post- treatment effectiveness is unknown in cerebral palsy (CP) patients. AIM: Primary aim was to compare the effect of Nintendo Wii balance board (Wii- therapy) and standard physiotherapy (SPT), on the performance of standing balance in children and adolescents with CP. Secondary aim was to determine the post-treatment effectiveness of Wii-therapy and SPT...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882759/-management-of-care-of-hiv-positive-pregnant-women-in-the-period-1996-2014
#2
M Mojhová, I Mikysková, M Halaška, M Staňková, H Rozsypal, J Šrámek, J Záhumenský, M Malý
OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of multidisplinary care about HIV positive pregnant women in the Czech Republic. DESIGN: Review. SETTINGS: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika 1. LF UK a Nemocnice na Bulovce, Praha. METHODS: The vertical transmission of HIV infection from mother to fetus occurs most often during birth, still 1-2% of HIV-positive pregnant women will transfer the virus transplacenta. Due to careful screening for HIV during pregnancy, counselling, combination antiretroviral (cART) therapy, childbirth planning and its performance by C-section there appears a significant decrease of the virus transmission to the fetus, its occurrence is around 2%...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825316/prevalence-and-effect-of-pre-treatment-drug-resistance-on-the-virological-response-to-antiretroviral-treatment-initiated-in-hiv-infected-children-a-eurocoord-chain-eppicc-joint-project
#3
Nicole Ngo-Giang-Huong, Linda Wittkop, Ali Judd, Peter Reiss, Tessa Goetghebuer, Dan Duiculescu, Antoni Noguera-Julian, Magdalena Marczynska, Carlo Giacquinto, Luminita Ene, Jose T Ramos, Cristina Cellerai, Thomas Klimkait, Benedicte Brichard, Niels Valerius, Caroline Sabin, Ramon Teira, Niels Obel, Christoph Stephan, Stéphane de Wit, Claire Thorne, Diana Gibb, Christine Schwimmer, Maria Athena Campbell, Deenan Pillay, Marc Lallemant
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the impact of pre-treatment drug resistance (PDR) on response to combination antiretroviral treatment (cART) in children. The objective of this joint EuroCoord-CHAIN-EPPICC/PENTA project was to assess the prevalence of PDR mutations and their association with virological outcome in the first year of cART in children. METHODS: HIV-infected children <18 years initiating cART between 1998 and 2008 were included if having at least one genotypic resistance test prior to cART initiation...
November 8, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798548/growth-at-two-years-of-age-in-hiv-exposed-uninfected-children-in-the-us-by-trimester-of-maternal-antiretroviral-initiation
#4
Denise L Jacobson, Kunjal Patel, Paige L Williams, Mitchell E Geffner, George K Siberry, Linda A Dimeglio, Marilyn J Crain, Ayesha Mirza, Janet S Chen, Elizabeth McFarland, Deborah Kacanek, Margarita Silio, Kenneth Rich, William Borkowsky, Russell B Van Dyke, Tracie L Miller
BACKGROUND: Abnormal childhood growth may affect future health. Maternal tenofovir (TFV) use was associated with lower body length and head circumference at one year of age in HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) US children. METHODS: We studied 509 HEU children in the US-based Surveillance Monitoring of ART Toxicities cohort whose HIV-infected mothers were not using antiretrovirals at the last menstrual period and began combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in pregnancy (cART-initiators)...
October 27, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797320/interruptions-of-antiretroviral-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents-with-hiv-infection-in-clinical-practice-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-the-usa
#5
Natella Rakhmanina, Kam S Lam, Jaclyn Hern, Heather A Young, Alex Walters, Amanda D Castel
INTRODUCTION: Changes in combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) throughout childhood challenge the continuity of paediatric HIV treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of treatment interruption (TI), including lamivudine (3TC) monotherapy, and the relationship of TI to virologic and immunologic parameters in HIV-infected paediatric patients. METHODS: Nested within a prospective observational study of a city-wide cohort of HIV-infected persons in the District of Columbia, this sub-study collected retrospective data on antiretroviral therapy, enrolment (endpoint) and historic (lifelong) CD4 counts and HIV RNA viral load (VL) of the paediatric cohort...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716731/health-and-survival-of-hiv-perinatally-exposed-but-uninfected-children-born-to-hiv-infected-mothers
#6
Sophie Desmonde, Tessa Goetghebuer, Claire Thorne, Valériane Leroy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The number of HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) infants exposed to both HIV and multiple antiretroviral drugs in utero and during prolonged breastfeeding is increasing in low-income countries where HIV prevalence is the highest. We review recent evidence on the effects of perinatal/postnatal exposure to maternal HIV and combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) on health outcomes of HEU children (mitochondrial and metabolic toxicity, adverse pregnancy outcomes, neurodevelopment, growth, infectious morbidity, and mortality)...
September 2016: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716730/survival-of-hiv-1-vertically-infected-children
#7
Mary-Ann Davies, Diana Gibb, Anna Turkova
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is 20 years since the start of the combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) era and more than 10 years since cART scale-up began in resource-limited settings. We examined survival of vertically HIV-infected infants and children in the cART era. RECENT FINDINGS: Good survival has been achieved on cART in all settings with up to 10-fold mortality reductions compared with before cART availability. Although mortality risk remains high in the first few months after cART initiation in young children with severe disease, it drops rapidly thereafter even for those who started with advanced disease, and longer term mortality risk is low...
September 2016: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685986/hiv-associated-malignancies-in-children
#8
Elvira Singh, Gita Naidu, Mary-Ann Davies, Julia Bohlius
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: HIV-infected children are at an increased risk of developing cancer. Many of the cancers in HIV-infected children are linked to immunosuppression and oncogenic coinfections. Worldwide most HIV-infected children live in sub-Saharan Africa, but cancer data for this population are scarce. In this article, we review the current literature on the epidemiology and prevention of cancer in HIV-infected children. RECENT FINDINGS: Combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) reduces the risk of developing cancer in HIV-infected children...
January 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670961/injuries-and-outcomes-associated-with-recreational-vehicle-accidents-in-pediatric-trauma
#9
Maria E Linnaus, Rebecca L Ragar, Erin M Garvey, Jason D Fraser
PURPOSE: To identify injuries and outcomes from Recreational/Off-Highway Vehicles (RV/OHV) accidents at a pediatric trauma center. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospective pediatric trauma registry was performed to identify patients sustaining injuries from an RV/OHV between January 2007 and July 2015. Vehicles included: all-terrain vehicles (ATV), dirt bikes, utility-terrain vehicles (UTV), golf carts, go-karts, and dune buggies. RESULTS: Five hundred twenty-eight patients were injured while on an RV/OHV: 269 ATV, 135 dirt bike, 42 UTV, 38 golf cart, 34 go-kart, and 10 dune buggy...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625488/factors-affecting-recovery-of-postoperative-bowel-function-after-pediatric-laparoscopic-surgery
#10
Daphnée Michelet, Juliette Andreu-Gallien, Alia Skhiri, Arnaud Bonnard, Yves Nivoche, Souhayl Dahmani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Laparoscopic pediatric surgery allows a rapid postoperative rehabilitation and hospital discharge. However, the optimal postoperative pain management preserving advantages of this surgical technique remains to be determined. This study aimed to identify factors affecting the postoperative recovery of bowel function after laparoscopic surgery in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of factors affecting recovery of bowel function in children and infants undergoing laparoscopic surgery between January 1, 2009 and September 30, 2009, was performed...
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617043/ecological-factors-of-being-bullied-among-adolescents-a-classification-and-regression-tree-approach
#11
Sung Seek Moon, Heeyoung Kim, Kristen Seay, Eusebius Small, Youn Kyoung Kim
Being bullied is a well-recognized trauma for adolescents. Bullying can best be understood through an ecological framework since bullying or being bullied involves risk factors at multiple contextual levels. The purpose of the study was to identify the risk and protective factors that best differentiate groups along with the outcome variable of interest (being bullied) using Classification and Regression Tree (CART) analysis. The study used the Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC) data collected from a nationally representative sample of students in grades six through ten during the 2005-2006 school years...
September 2016: Child Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615375/decreased-pd-1-expression-on-cd8-lymphocyte-subsets-and-increase-in-cd8%C3%A2-tscm-cells-in-children-with-hiv-receiving-raltegravir
#12
Florin Tuluc, Sergei Spitsin, Nancy B Tustin, Jennifer B Murray, Richard Tustin, Laura A Schankel, Andrew Wiznia, Sharon Nachman, Steven D Douglas
We investigated the effect of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) on immune recovery, particularly on the percentages of PD-1-positive cells within the major leukocyte subsets. Cryopreserved peripheral blood mononuclear cells and plasma samples collected longitudinally from a subset of 13 children and adolescents (between 9.7 and 18.2 years old) who were enrolled in the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials (IMPAACT) P1066 were used for this study. Immunophenotyping by flow cytometry was performed to determine the effect of raltegravir-containing cART regimen on the distribution of leukocyte populations, on the expression of PD-1 on T cell subpopulations, and on the expression of well-established markers of T cell activation (CD38 and HLA-DR) on CD8 T cells...
October 18, 2016: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578823/kaposi-sarcoma-risk-in-hiv-infected-children-and-adolescents-on-combination-antiretroviral-therapy-from-sub-saharan-africa-europe-and-asia
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND:  The burden of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children and adolescents on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has not been compared globally. METHODS:  We analyzed cohort data from the International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS and the Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research in Europe. We included HIV-infected children aged <16 years at cART initiation from 1996 onward. We used Cox models to calculate hazard ratios (HRs), adjusted for region and origin, sex, cART start year, age, and HIV/AIDS stage at cART initiation...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538996/selective-developmental-alterations-in-the-hiv-1-transgenic-rat-opportunities-for-diagnosis-of-pediatric-hiv-1
#14
Kristen A McLaurin, Rosemarie M Booze, Charles F Mactutus
Since the advent of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), pediatric HIV-1 (PHIV) has evolved from a fatal disease to a chronic disease as children perinatally infected with HIV-1 survive into adulthood. The HIV-1 transgenic (Tg) rat, which expresses 7 of the 9 HIV-1 genes constitutively throughout development, was used to model the early development of chronic neurological impairment in PHIV. Male and female Fischer HIV-1 Tg and F344 N control rats, sampled from 35 litters, were repeatedly assessed during early development using multiple experimental paradigms, including somatic growth, locomotor activity, cross-modal prepulse inhibition (PPI) and gap-prepulse inhibition (gap-PPI)...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538127/effects-of-a-nintendo-wii-exercise-program-on-spasticity-and-static-standing-balance-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#15
Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Ricardo Cartes-Velásquez, Guillermo Méndez-Rebolledo, Eduardo Guzman-Muñoz, L Eduardo Cofré Lizama
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate the effects of a Nintendo Wii Balance Board (NWBB) intervention on ankle spasticity and static standing balance in young people with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). METHODS: Ten children and adolescents (aged 72-204 months) with SCP participated in an exercise program with NWBB. The intervention lasted 6 weeks, 3 sessions per week, 25 minutes for each session. Ankle spasticity was assessed using the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS), and static standing balance was quantified using posturographic measures (center-of-pressure [CoP] measures)...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504328/fertility-desires-and-intentions-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-plwha-in-southern-india
#16
Hyma Jose, Deepak Madi, Nithyananda Chowta, John Ramapuram, Unnikrishnan Bhaskaran, Basavaprabhu Achappa, Vishnu Chandran
INTRODUCTION: The desire of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) to have children can have significant public health implications. Combination Antiretroviral Therapy (cART) has increased the life expectancy of PLWHA as a result of which they may consider child bearing. There are hardly any studies from India addressing the fertility desires among PLWHA. AIM: This study was done to assess the fertility desires of PLWHA in Southern India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a cross-sectional study conducted among 230 HIV-positive men and women who presented to Kasturba Medical College (KMC), Mangalore, India...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497384/pediatric-head-and-neck-injuries-due-to-golf-cart-trauma
#17
Brandon Miller, Eden Yelverton, Jesus Monico, William Replogle, J Randall Jordan
INTRODUCTION: Golf carts are increasingly used off the golf course and are often viewed as innocuous modes of transportation. However, research has shown they can cause significant injuries, particularly to children. OBJECTIVES: Analyze golf cart related head and neck injuries in children and adults from a national database. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) was queried for golf cart injuries. The NEISS tracks consumer product related injuries from a sampling of approximately 100 emergency departments across the United States...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452984/pacsin2-polymorphism-is-associated-with-thiopurine-induced-hematological-toxicity-in-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-undergoing-maintenance-therapy
#18
Alenka Smid, Natasa Karas-Kuzelicki, Janez Jazbec, Irena Mlinaric-Rascan
Adequate maintenance therapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), with 6-mercaptopurine as an essential component, is necessary for retaining durable remission. Interruptions or discontinuations of the therapy due to drug-related toxicities, which can be life threatening, may result in an increased risk of relapse. In this retrospective study including 305 paediatric ALL patients undergoing maintenance therapy, we systematically investigated the individual and combined effects of genetic variants of folate pathway enzymes, as well as of polymorphisms in PACSIN2 and ITPA, on drug-induced toxicities by applying a multi-analytical approach including logistic regression (LR), classification and regression tree (CART) and generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR)...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451809/utility-of-novel-plasma-metabolic-markers-in-the-diagnosis-of-pediatric-tuberculosis-a-classification-and-regression-tree-analysis-approach
#19
Lin Sun, Jie-Qiong Li, Na Ren, Hui Qi, Fang Dong, Jing Xiao, Fang Xu, Wei-Wei Jiao, Chen Shen, Wen-Qi Song, A-Dong Shen
Although tuberculosis (TB) has been the greatest killer due to a single infectious disease, pediatric TB is still hard to diagnose because of the lack of sensitive biomarkers. Metabolomics is increasingly being applied in infectious diseases. But little is known regarding metabolic biomarkers in children with TB. A combination of a NMR-based plasma metabolic method and classification and regression tree (CART) analysis was used to provide a broader range of applications in TB diagnosis in our study. Plasma samples obtained from 28 active TB children and 37 non-TB controls (including 21 RTIs and 16 healthy children) were analyzed by an orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) model, and 17 metabolites were identified that can separate children with TB from non-TB controls...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447087/the-eye-as-a-window-to-the-brain-neuroretinal-thickness-is-associated-with-microstructural-white-matter-injury-in-hiv-infected-children
#20
Charlotte Blokhuis, Nazli Demirkaya, Sophie Cohen, Ferdinand W N M Wit, Henriëtte J Scherpbier, Peter Reiss, Michael D Abramoff, Matthan W A Caan, Charles B L M Majoie, Frank D Verbraak, Dasja Pajkrt
PURPOSE: Despite combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), perinatal HIV-infection can cause decreased gray and white matter volume, microstructural white matter injury, and retinal structural abnormalities. As neuroretinal tissue is directly connected to the brain, these deficits may have a shared pathogenesis. We aimed to assess associations between neuroretinal thickness and cerebral injury in cART-treated perinatally HIV-infected children and healthy controls. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study included 29 cART-treated perinatally HIV-infected children and 35 matched healthy controls...
July 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
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