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igf-1 secretion

Michael Buchfelder, Sven-Martin Schlaffer
PURPOSE: Surgical extraction of as much tumour mass as possible is considered the first step of treatment in acromegaly in many centers. In this article the potential benefits, disadvantages and limitations of operative acromegaly treatment are reviewed. METHODS: Pertinent literature was selected to provide a review covering current indications, techniques and results of operations for acromegaly. RESULTS: The rapid reduction of tumour volume is an asset of surgery...
October 21, 2016: Pituitary
Lucy Ireland, Almudena Santos, Muhammad S Ahmed, Carolyn Rainer, Sebastian R Nielsen, Valeria Quaranta, Ulrike Weyer-Czernilofsky, Danielle D Engle, Pedro Perez-Mancera, Sarah E Coupland, Azzam F Taktak, Thomas Bogenrieder, David A Tuveson, Fiona Campbell, Michael C Schmid, Ainhoa Mielgo
Tumor associated macrophages (TAM) and myofibroblasts are key drivers in cancer that are associated with drug resistance in many cancers, including pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms by which TAM and fibroblasts contribute to chemoresistance is unclear. In this study, we found that TAM and myofibroblasts directly support chemoresistance of pancreatic cancer cells by secreting insulin-like growth factors 1 and 2 (IGF), which activate Insulin/IGF receptors on pancreatic cancer cells...
October 14, 2016: Cancer Research
Tami Rubinek, Shiri Shahmoon, Ayelet Shabtay-Orbach, Michal Ben Ami, Yael Levy-Shraga, Kineret Mazor-Aronovitch, Yonatan Yeshayahu, Ram Doolman, Rina Hemi, Hannah Kanety, Ido Wolf, Dalit Modan-Moses
CONTEXT: Klotho is an aging-modulating protein expressed mainly in the kidneys, which can be cleaved and shed to act as a circulating hormone. Several lines of evidence suggest a tight interaction between klotho and the GH-IGF-I axis. We showed previously that klotho levels are decreased in pediatric patients with growth hormone deficiency (GHD). Our aim now is to investigate the effect of GH therapy on klotho levels in these patients and to elucidate the role of IGF-1 in mediating secretion of klotho...
November 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Xiaocan Hou, Wencui Wan, Jing Wang, Mingzhe Li, Yiwen Wang, Yaobing Yao, Lihong Feng, Lijun Jing, Hong Lu, Yanjie Jia, Tao Peng
This study aimed to investigate the effects of exosomes derived from BM-MSCs transduced with let-7a on B16f10 cells and BM-MSCs. BM-MSCs were transduced with let-7a and the exosomes of them were isolated for further culture of B16f10 cells and BM-MSCs. The migration of B16f10 cells were detected by transwell, proliferation of B16f10 cells and BM-MSCs was examined by MTT method, HMGA2 expression was measured by western blot. In addition, the let-7a secreted level in exosomes and IGF level were measured by RT-PCR and ELISA respectively...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Kjell E Oberg, Steven Wj Lamberts
Acromegaly is a hormonal disorder that arises when the pituitary gland secretes excess growth hormone (GH), which in turn stimulates a concomitant increase in serum insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels. Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP-NET) constitute a heterogeneous group of tumours that can secrete serotonin and a variety of peptide hormones that may cause characteristic symptoms known as carcinoid syndrome, or other symptoms and hormonal hypersecretion syndromes depending on the tumour's site of origin...
October 3, 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
Emily A Southmayd, Mary Jane De Souza
Bone growth, development, and remodeling are modulated by numerous circulating hormones. Throughout the lifespan, the extent to which each of the hormones impacts bone differs. Understanding the independent and combined impact of these hormones on controlling bone remodeling allows for the development of more informed decision making regarding pharmacology, specifically the use of hormonal medication, at all ages. Endocrine control of bone health in women is largely dictated by the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) axis and the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian (HPO) axis...
September 13, 2016: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
Jennifer Roche, Christelle Ramé, Maxime Reverchon, Namya Mellouk, Marion Cornuau, Fabrice Guerif, Pascal Froment, Joëlle Dupont
Apelin (APLN) is a recently discovered adipokine involved in the regulation of various metabolic functions. Its receptor, APLNR, is expressed in reproductive tissues, however, its role in human ovarian cells is unknown. In this study we identified APLN and APLNR in human ovarian follicles and analyzed their expression in granulosa cells and follicular fluid obtained from obese and non-obese patients, with or without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We also investigated the effect of APLN on steroidogenesis in cultured human luteinized granulosa cells (hGCs) from non-obese patients without PCOS...
September 28, 2016: Biology of Reproduction
Weina Zhang, Lechuang Chen, Kai Ma, Yahui Zhao, Xianghe Liu, Yu Wang, Mei Liu, Shufang Liang, Hongxia Zhu, Ningzhi Xu
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a target of colon cancer therapy, but the effects of this therapy on the tumor microenvironment remain poorly understood. Our in vivo studies showed that cetuximab, an anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody, effectively inhibited AOM/DSS-induced, colitis-associated tumorigenesis, downregulated M2-related markers, and decreased F4/80+/CD206+ macrophage populations. Treatment with conditioned medium of colon cancer cells increased macrophage expression of the M2-related markers arginase-1 (Arg1), CCL17, CCL22, IL-10 and IL-4...
September 23, 2016: Oncotarget
Hye-Jin Boo, Hye-Young Min, Hyun-Ji Jang, Hye Jeong Yun, John Kendal Smith, Quanri Jin, Hyo-Jong Lee, Diane Liu, Hee-Seok Kweon, Carmen Behrens, J Jack Lee, Ignacio I Wistuba, Euni Lee, Waun Ki Hong, Ho-Young Lee
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) binding to the tobacco-specific carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) induces Ca(2+) signalling, a mechanism that is implicated in various human cancers. In this study, we investigated the role of NNK-mediated Ca(2+) signalling in lung cancer formation. We show significant overexpression of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) in association with IGF-1R activation in human preneoplastic lung lesions in smokers. NNK induces voltage-dependent calcium channel (VDCC)-intervened calcium influx in airway epithelial cells, resulting in a rapid IGF2 secretion via the regulated pathway and thus IGF-1R activation...
2016: Nature Communications
Iulia Potorac, Patrick Petrossians, Adrian F Daly, Orsalia Alexopoulou, Sophie Borot, Mona Sahnoun-Fathallah, Frederic Castinetti, France Devuyst, Marie-Lise Jaffrain-Rea, Claire Briet, Florina Luca, Marion Lapoirie, Flavius Zoicas, Isabelle Simoneau, Alpha M Diallo, Ammar Muhammad, Fahrettin Kelestimur, Elena Nazzari, Rogelio Garcia Centeno, Susan M Webb, Marie-Laure Nunes, Vaclav Hana, Véronique Pascal-Vigneron, Irena Ilovayskaya, Farida Nasybullina, Samia Achir, Diego Ferone, Sebastian J C M M Neggers, Brigitte Delemer, Jean-Michel Petit, Christof Schöfl, Gerald Raverot, Bernard Goichot, Patrice Rodien, Bernard Corvilain, Thierry Brue, Franck Schillo, Luaba Tshibanda, Dominique Maiter, Jean-François Bonneville, Albert Beckers
GH-secreting pituitary adenomas can be hypo-, iso- or hyper-intense on T2-weighted MRI sequences. We conducted the current multicenter study in a large population of patients with acromegaly to analyze the relationship between T2-weighted signal intensity on diagnostic MRI and hormonal and tumoral responses to somatostatin analogs (SSA) as primary monotherapy. Acromegaly patients receiving primary SSA for at least 3 months were included in the study. Hormonal, clinical and general MRI assessments were performed and assessed centrally...
November 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
David Krahulik, Darina Aleksijevic, Vratislav Smolka, Eva Klaskova, Petra Venhacova, Miroslav Vaverka, Vladimir Mihal, Jirina Zapletalova
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Retrospective studies of TBI have found a neuroendocrine dysfunction following traumatic brain injury in 23 to 60% of adults and 15 to 21% of children. Our aims were to determine the prevalence of hypothalamo-hypophyseal dysfunction in children following brain injury, assess its relationship to the type of injury and the course of the acute post-traumatic phase. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Body development (growth, pubertal development, and skeletal maturity) were evaluated in 58 patients (21 girls) after a brain injury rated 3 to 12 on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)...
September 19, 2016: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Sarah J Morgan, Susanne Neumann, Bernice Marcus-Samuels, Marvin C Gershengorn
BACKGROUND: Major regulation of thyroid gland function is mediated by thyrotropin (TSH) activating the TSH receptor (TSHR) and inducing upregulation of genes involved in thyroid hormone synthesis. Evidence suggests that the insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) receptor (IGF-1R) may play a role in regulating TSHR functional effects. This study examined the potential role of TSHR/IGF-1R crosstalk in primary cultures of human thyrocytes. RESULTS: TSH/IGF-1 co-treatment elicited additive effects on thyroglobulin (TG), thyroperoxidase (TPO), and deiodinase type 2 (DIO2) mRNA levels but synergistic effects on sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) mRNA...
October 18, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Ahmed Saad, Xiang-Yang Zhu, Sandra Herrmann, LaTonya Hickson, Hui Tang, Allan B Dietz, Andre J van Wijnen, Lilach Lerman, Stephen Textor
BACKGROUND: Adipose-derived MSC (AMSCs) possess angiogenic and immunomodulatory properties that may modulate kidney regeneration. Whether these properties are retained in older patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease is poorly understood. Hypoxic conditions are known to modify properties and growth characteristics of AMSCs. We tested the hypothesis that AMSCs from older patients with atherosclerotic renovascular disease (RVD) differ from normal kidney donors, and whether hypoxia changes their functional and molecular properties to promote angiogenesis...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Evie van der Spoel, Steffy W Jansen, Abimbola A Akintola, Bart E Ballieux, Christa M Cobbaert, P Eline Slagboom, Gerard Jan Blauw, Rudi G J Westendorp, Hanno Pijl, Ferdinand Roelfsema, Diana van Heemst
Reduced growth hormone (GH) signaling has been consistently associated with increased health and lifespan in various mouse models. Here, we assessed GH secretion and its control in relation with human familial longevity. We frequently sampled blood over 24 h in 19 middle-aged offspring of long-living families from the Leiden Longevity Study together with 18 of their partners as controls. Circulating GH concentrations were measured every 10 min and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP3) every 4 h...
September 7, 2016: Aging Cell
L V Tran, B A Malla, A N Sharma, Sachin Kumar, Nitin Tyagi, A K Tyagi
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of omega-3 and omega-6 PUFA enriched diet on plasma IGF-1 and testosterone concentrations, puberty, sperm fatty acid profile and semen quality in male buffalo. Eighteen male buffalo calves were distributed randomly in three different groups and fed concentrate mixture along with green fodder and wheat straw in 50:40:10 ratios as per requirements. Basis ration of animals in group I was supplemented with 4% of prilled fat (PFA), while in group II and group III were added 4...
October 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
Mette Faurholdt Gude, Rikke Hjortebjerg, Claus Oxvig, Anne Anker Thyø, Nils Erik Magnusson, Mette Bjerre, Steen B Pedersen, Jan Frystyk
OBJECTIVE: Adipose tissue secretes pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), which may increase local IGF-action through cleavage of IGF-binding-protein-4 (IGFBP-4). We tested whether this mechanism was operational in human visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue (i.e. VAT and SAT). DESIGN: Explants of VAT and SAT from 26 obese subjects (hereof 17 women, BMI 39.8±1.3 kg/m2) and SAT from 8 lean, age-matched women (BMI 23.2±0.7 kg/m2) were incubated with or without GH (100 µg/l) and media harvested...
September 1, 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein, Christina Kogia, Mohamed Badawy Abdel-Naser, George P Chrousos
The human skin is a well-organized organ bearing different types of cells in a well-structured interference to each other including epidermal and follicular keratinocytes, sebocytes, melanocytes, dermal papilla cells and fibroblasts, endothelial cells, sweat gland cells as well as nerves. Several hormones act on different cell types of the skin, while it is also considered an endocrine organ secreting hormones that act at several sites of the organism. GH receptors are found in almost all cell types forming the skin, while IGF-1 receptors' expression is restricted to the epidermal keratinocytes...
August 30, 2016: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
Hae-Ki Min, Hitoshi Maruyama, Byoung Kuk Jang, Masahiko Shimada, Faridoddin Mirshahi, Shunlin Ren, Youngman Oh, Puneet Puri, Arun J Sanyal
IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) is a liver-derived, anti-inflammatory molecule that is decreased in obesity, a key risk factor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). It was not known whether (1) IGFBP-3 levels were altered in NAFLD (2), if such alterations could be the result of lipotoxicity, and (3) whether altered IGFBP-3 could affect pathways that are involved in hepatic and systemic inflammation. Serum IGFBP-3 was decreased in patients with NAFLD, whereas liver and circulating IL-8 levels were increased...
August 23, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Gina-Eva Görtz, Sajad Moshkelgosha, Christoph Jesenek, Bärbel Edelmann, Mareike Horstmann, J Paul Banga, Anja Eckstein, Utta Berchner-Pfannschmidt
A mouse model of Graves' orbitopathy (GO) induced by genetic immunization of human TSH receptor (TSHR) A-subunit encoding plasmid has recently been established. The orbital pathology was characterized by adipogenesis, myopathy and fibrosis. Human orbital fibroblasts (OFs) express TSHR and IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) and are considered to be pathogenic in GO. We established conditions for growing ex vivo cultures of mouse OFs (mOFs) from orbital tissue of animals undergoing GO and controls. Early passage mOFs showed characteristic fibroblast morphology and expressed mesenchymal stem cell markers including a strong expression of CD90...
October 2016: Endocrinology
W Patricia Bandettini, Alexander S Karageorgiadis, Ninet Sinaii, Douglas R Rosing, Vandana Sachdev, Marie Helene Schernthaner-Reiter, Evgenia Gourgari, Georgios Z Papadakis, Meg F Keil, Charalampos Lyssikatos, J Aidan Carney, Andrew E Arai, Maya Lodish, Constantine A Stratakis
Carney complex (CNC) is a multiple neoplasia syndrome that is caused mostly by PRKAR1A mutations. Cardiac myxomas are the leading cause of mortality in CNC patients who, in addition, often develop growth hormone (GH) excess. We studied patients with CNC, who were observed for over a period of 20 years (1995-2015) for the development of both GH excess and cardiac myxomas. GH secretion was evaluated by standard testing; dedicated cardiovascular imaging was used to detect cardiac abnormalities. Four excised cardiac myxomas were tested for the expression of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)...
September 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
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