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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223169/igf1-igf1r-stat3-signaling-inducible-ifitm2-promotes-gastric-cancer-growth-and-metastasis
#1
Li Xu, Rui Zhou, Lezhong Yuan, Shiqing Wang, Xiaoyin Li, Huanrong Ma, Minyu Zhou, Changqie Pan, Jingwen Zhang, Na Huang, Min Shi, Jianping Bin, Yulin Liao, Wangjun Liao
Interferon-induced transmembrane proteins (IFITMs) are expressed in some types of cancer. However, their precise roles in tumor progression remain unclear. The present study investigated the function of IFITM2 in gastric cancer (GC) progression. A retrospective analysis of a public database and 167 GC patients revealed that IFITM2 expression was upregulated in gastric tumor samples, which was positively correlated with disease progression, more frequent postoperative recurrence, and higher mortality rate. IFITM2 knockdown decreased GC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in vitro...
February 18, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211947/insulin-like-growth-factor-1-promotes-osteogenic-differentiation-and-collagen-i-alpha-2-synthesis-via-induction-of-mrna-binding-protein-larp6-expression
#2
Yue Guo, Chen-Yi Tang, Xiao-Fei Man, Hao-Neng Tang, Jun Tang, Ci-La Zhou, Shu-Wen Tan, Min Wang, Yun-Zhi Feng, Hou-De Zhou
This study explored the mechanism underlying the stimulation of collagen synthesis and osteoblastic differentiation by insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) in primary mouse osteoblasts. Primary mouse calvarial osteoblasts were cultured and treated with various doses of IGF1 before transfection with siRNA targeting the collagen type I alpha 2 (Col1a2) or La ribonucleoprotein domain family member 6 (Larp6) genes. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, osteocalcin staining, alizarin red quantification and the expression level of runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) were performed to assess the differentiation of pre-osteoblasts...
February 17, 2017: Development, Growth & Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197813/t2-weighted-mri-signal-intensity-as-a-predictor-of-hormonal-and-tumoral-responses-to-somatostatin-receptor-ligands-in-acromegaly-a-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Iulia Potorac, Albert Beckers, Jean-François Bonneville
T2-weighted MRI signal intensity of GH-secreting pituitary adenomas is gaining recognition as a marker of disease characteristics and may be a predictor of response to treatment of acromegaly. Adenomas that are T2-hypointense are more common, are smaller and are less likely to invade the cavernous sinus compared to the T2-iso and hyperintense tumors. T2-hypointense tumors are also accompanied by higher IGF1 values at baseline. When presurgical somatostatin receptor ligand (SRL) therapy is administered, T2-hypointense adenomas have better hormonal responses and have greater tumor shrinkage...
February 14, 2017: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179449/the-gip-gipr-axis-is-functionally-linked-to-gh-secretion-increase-in-a-significant-proportion-of-gsp-somatotropinomas
#4
Daniela Regazzo, Marco Losa, Nora Albiger, Maria Rosa Terreni, Giovanni Vazza, Filippo Ceccato, Enzo Emanuelli, Luca Denaro, Carla Scaroni, Gianluca Occhi
Objective: Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor (GIPR) overexpression has been recently described in a proportion of gsp(-) somatotropinomas and suggested to be associated with the paradoxical increase of GH (GH-PI) during an oral glucose load. Design and Methods: This study was aimed at linking the GIP/GIPR pathway to GH secretion in 25 somatotropinomas-derived primary cultures and correlating molecular with clinical features in acromegalic patients. Given the impairment of the GIPR/GIPR axis in acromegaly, an additional aim was to assess the effect of GH/IGF-1 stimulation on GIP expression in the enteroendocrine cell line STC-1...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115580/role-of-the-testis-interstitial-compartment-in-spermatogonial-stem-cell-function
#5
Sarah J Potter, Tony DeFalco
Male fertility is maintained through intricate cellular and molecular interactions that ensure spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) proceed in a step-wise differentiation process through spermatogenesis and spermiogenesis to produce sperm. SSCs lie within the seminiferous tubule compartment, which provides a nurturing environment for the development of sperm. Cells outside of the tubules, such as interstitial and peritubular cells, also help direct SSC activity. This review focuses on interstitial (interstitial macrophages, Leydig cells, and vasculature) and peritubular (peritubular macrophages, peritubular myoid cells) cells and their role in regulating SSC self-renewal and differentiation in mammals...
January 23, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114319/reduced-insulin-insulin-like-growth-factor-receptor-signaling-mitigates-defective-dendrite-morphogenesis-in-mutants-of-the-er-stress-sensor-ire-1
#6
Yehuda Salzberg, Andrew J Coleman, Kevin Celestrin, Moran Cohen-Berkman, Thomas Biederer, Sivan Henis-Korenblit, Hannes E Bülow
Neurons receive excitatory or sensory inputs through their dendrites, which often branch extensively to form unique neuron-specific structures. How neurons regulate the formation of their particular arbor is only partially understood. In genetic screens using the multidendritic arbor of PVD somatosensory neurons in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, we identified a mutation in the ER stress sensor IRE-1/Ire1 (inositol requiring enzyme 1) as crucial for proper PVD dendrite arborization in vivo. We further found that regulation of dendrite growth in cultured rat hippocampal neurons depends on Ire1 function, showing an evolutionarily conserved role for IRE-1/Ire1 in dendrite patterning...
January 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113119/systemic-and-intrafollicular-components-of-follicle-selection-in-mares
#7
REVIEW
O J Ginther
Mares are superb models for study of follicle selection owing to similarities between mares and women in relative follicle diameters at specific events during the follicular wave and follicle accessibility for experimental sampling and manipulation. Usually, only 1 major follicular wave with a dominant follicle (DF) greater than 30 mm develops during the 22 to 24 d of the equine estrous cycle and is termed the primary or ovulatory wave. A major secondary wave occasionally (25%) develops early in the cycle...
December 22, 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100217/variation-in-branchial-expression-among-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-proteins-igfbps-during-atlantic-salmon-smoltification-and-seawater-exposure
#8
Jason P Breves, Chelsea K Fujimoto, Silas K Phipps-Costin, Ingibjörg E Einarsdottir, Björn Thrandur Björnsson, Stephen D McCormick
BACKGROUND: In preparation for migration from freshwater to marine habitats, Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) undergo smoltification, a transformation that includes the acquisition of hyposmoregulatory capacity. The growth hormone (Gh)/insulin-like growth-factor (Igf) axis promotes the development of branchial ionoregulatory functions that underlie ion secretion. Igfs interact with a suite of Igf binding proteins (Igfbps) that modulate hormone activity. In Atlantic salmon smolts, igfbp4,-5a,-5b1,-5b2,-6b1 and-6b2 transcripts are highly expressed in gill...
January 18, 2017: BMC Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998919/impact-of-aip-and-inhibitory-g-protein-alpha-2-proteins-on-clinical-features-of-sporadic-gh-secreting-pituitary-adenomas
#9
Elina Ritvonen, Esa Pitkänen, Atte Karppinen, Satu Vehkavaara, Hande Demir, Anders Paetau, Camilla Schalin-Jäntti, Auli Karhu
INTRODUCTION: In sporadic acromegaly, downregulation of AIP protein of the adenomas associates with invasive tumor features and reduced responsiveness to somatostatin analogues. AIP is a regulator of Gai signaling, but it is not known how the biological function of the Gai pathway is controlled. AIM: To study GNAS and AIP mutation status, AIP and Gai-2 protein expressions, Ki-67 proliferation indices and clinical parameters in patients having primary surgery because of acromegaly at a single center between years 2000 and 2010...
February 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965204/effects-of-paternal-obesity-on-growth-and-adiposity-of-male-rat-offspring
#10
Virginie Lecomte, Christopher A Maloney, Kristy W Wang, Margaret J Morris
Emerging evidence suggests that paternal obesity plays an important role in offspring health. Our previous work using a rodent model of diet-induced paternal obesity showed that female offspring from high-fat diet (HFD)-fed fathers develop glucose intolerance due to impairment of pancreatic insulin secretion. Here, we focused on the health outcomes of male offspring from HFD-fed fathers. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (3 wk old) were fed control (CD-F0) or HFD (HFD-F0) for 12 wk before mating with control-fed females...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921427/-growth-hormone-axis-gh-igf1-and-glucose-metabolism
#11
Michal Kršek
Growth hormone is a hormone of anterior lobe of pituitary gland which possesses besides its growth promoting effects also many other various physiological effects including its regulatory influences on metabolism with glucose metabolism belonging to most important ones. The present article summarizes basic information about metabolic consequences of disturbed growth hormone secretion and their importance for clinical presentation and management.Key words: acromegaly - glucose - growth hormone - growth hormone deficiency - IGF1 - metabolism...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914538/adaptive-response-of-rat-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells-to-insulin-resistance-induced-by-monocrotophos-biochemical-evidence
#12
Raju Nagaraju, Padmanabhan Sharda Rajini
Our previous findings clearly suggested the role of duration of exposure to monocrotophos (MCP) in the development of insulin resistance. Rats exposed chronically to MCP developed insulin resistance with hyperinsulinemia without overt diabetes. In continuation of this vital observation, we sought to delineate the biochemical mechanisms that mediate heightened pancreatic β-cell response in the wake of MCP-induced insulin resistance in rats. Adult rats were orally administered (0.9 and 1.8mg/kgb.w/d) MCP for 180days...
November 2016: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914008/igf1r-dental-pulp-stem-cells-enhanced-neuroplasticity-in-hypoxia-ischemia-model
#13
Hsiao-Yu Chiu, Chen-Huan Lin, Chung Y Hsu, John Yu, Chia-Hung Hsieh, Woei-Cherng Shyu
Until now, the surface markers of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) had not been fully identified. Here, we found that the IGF1 receptor (IGF1R), regarded as a pluripotent marker of embryonic stem cells (ESCs), was also expressed in human dental pulp derived-mesenchymal stem cells (hDSCs), which displayed a potential for both self-renewal and multipotency. hDSC-secreted IGF1 interacted with IGF1R through an autocrine signaling pathway to maintain this self-renewal and proliferation potential. Stereotaxic implantation of immunosorted IGF1R(+) hDSCs in rats with neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (NHI) promoted neuroplasticity, improving the neurological outcome by increasing expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, which enhanced both neurogenesis and angiogenesis...
December 2, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870972/mek-erk-signaling-is-involved-in-the-role-of-vegf-and-igf1-in-cardiomyocyte-differentiation-of-mouse-adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-cells
#14
Chunhui Wang, Wenhui Liu, Xianning Zhang, Yinghui Wang, Huan Liu, Haifang Li
BACKGROUND: We found that mouse brown adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (BATDCs), but not white adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (WATDCs), could spontaneously differentiate into cardiomyocyte-like cells in a simple culture medium. This study would find out some critical trophic factors that were responsible for such difference in differentiation, and further determine the involved signaling pathway. METHODS AND RESULTS: The cardiomyocyte differentiation capacity of cells was identified by morphological observations, immunofluorescence staining, and evaluation of expression of cardiomyocyte specific markers...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856640/g-protein-coupled-receptors-gpcrs-that-signal-via-protein-kinase-a-pka-cross-talk-at-insulin-receptor-substrate-1-irs1-to-activate-the-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-pi3k-akt-pathway
#15
Nathan C Law, Morris F White, Mary E Hunzicker-Dunn
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) activate PI3K/v-AKT thymoma viral oncoprotein (AKT) to regulate many cellular functions that promote cell survival, proliferation, and growth. However, the mechanism by which GPCRs activate PI3K/AKT remains poorly understood. We used ovarian preantral granulosa cells (GCs) to elucidate the mechanism by which the GPCR agonist FSH via PKA activates the PI3K/AKT cascade. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) is secreted in an autocrine/paracrine manner by GCs and activates the IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) but, in the absence of FSH, fails to stimulate YXXM phosphorylation of IRS1 (insulin receptor substrate 1) required for PI3K/AKT activation...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683264/apelin-apln-and-apelin-receptor-aplnr-in-human-ovary-expression-signaling-and-regulation-of-steroidogenesis-in-primary-human-luteinized-granulosa-cells
#16
Jennifer Roche, Christelle Ramé, Maxime Reverchon, Namya Mellouk, Marion Cornuau, Fabrice Guerif, Pascal Froment, Joëlle Dupont
Apelin (APLN) is a recently discovered adipokine involved in the regulation of various metabolic functions. Its receptor, APLNR, is expressed in reproductive tissues, however, its role in human ovarian cells is unknown. In this study we identified APLN and APLNR in human ovarian follicles and analyzed their expression in granulosa cells and follicular fluid obtained from obese and non-obese patients, with or without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We also investigated the effect of APLN on steroidogenesis in cultured human luteinized granulosa cells (hGCs) from non-obese patients without PCOS...
September 28, 2016: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660020/mac-t-cell-as-in-vitro-evaluation-system-for-casein-gene-expression-involved-in-glucose-level
#17
Young-Tae Heo, Woo-Tae Ha, Ran Lee, Won-Young Lee, Ha-Youn Jung, Kyu-Chan Hwang, Hyuk Song
Glucose is essential fuel in energy metabolism and synthesis pathways of all mammalian cells. In lactating animals, glucose is the major precursor for lactose and is a substrate for the synthesis of milk proteins and fat in mammary secretory (alveolar) epithelial cells. However, clear utilization of glucose in mammary cell during lactogenesis is still unknown due to lack of in vitro analyzing model. Therefore, objective of this study is to test reliability of mammary alveolar (MAC-T) cell as in vitro study model for glucose metabolism and lactating system...
September 19, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621108/mild-pituitary-phenotype-in-3-and-12-month-old-aip-deficient-male-mice
#18
Anne-Lise Lecoq, Philippe Zizzari, Mirella Hage, Lyvianne Decourtye, Clovis Adam, Say Viengchareun, Johannes D Veldhuis, Valérie Geoffroy, Marc Lombès, Virginie Tolle, Anne Guillou, Auli Karhu, Laurent Kappeler, Philippe Chanson, Peter Kamenický
Germline mutations in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP) gene predispose humans to pituitary adenomas, particularly of the somatotroph lineage. Mice with global heterozygous inactivation of Aip (Aip(+/-)) also develop pituitary adenomas but differ from AIP-mutated patients by the high penetrance of pituitary disease. The endocrine phenotype of these mice is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the endocrine phenotype of Aip(+/-) mice by assessing the somatic growth, ultradian pattern of GH secretion and IGF1 concentrations of longitudinally followed male mice at 3 and 12 months of age...
October 2016: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552248/pathogenic-phenotype-of-adipogenesis-and-hyaluronan-in-orbital-fibroblasts-from-female-graves-orbitopathy-mouse-model
#19
Gina-Eva Görtz, Sajad Moshkelgosha, Christoph Jesenek, Bärbel Edelmann, Mareike Horstmann, J Paul Banga, Anja Eckstein, Utta Berchner-Pfannschmidt
A mouse model of Graves' orbitopathy (GO) induced by genetic immunization of human TSH receptor (TSHR) A-subunit encoding plasmid has recently been established. The orbital pathology was characterized by adipogenesis, myopathy and fibrosis. Human orbital fibroblasts (OFs) express TSHR and IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) and are considered to be pathogenic in GO. We established conditions for growing ex vivo cultures of mouse OFs (mOFs) from orbital tissue of animals undergoing GO and controls. Early passage mOFs showed characteristic fibroblast morphology and expressed mesenchymal stem cell markers including a strong expression of CD90...
October 2016: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406741/defining-human-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-gene-regulation
#20
Aditi Mukherjee, Damir Alzhanov, Peter Rotwein
Growth hormone (GH) plays an essential role in controlling somatic growth and in regulating multiple physiological processes in humans and other species. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), a conserved, secreted 70-amino acid peptide, is a critical mediator of many of the biological effects of GH. Previous studies have demonstrated that GH rapidly and potently promotes IGF-I gene expression in rodents and in some other mammals through the transcription factor STAT5b, leading to accumulation of IGF-I mRNAs and production of IGF-I...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
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