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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232172/halo-202-randomized-phase-ii-study-of-pegph20-plus-nab-paclitaxel-gemcitabine-versus-nab-paclitaxel-gemcitabine-in-patients-with-untreated-metastatic-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#1
Sunil R Hingorani, Lei Zheng, Andrea J Bullock, Tara E Seery, William P Harris, Darren S Sigal, Fadi Braiteh, Paul S Ritch, Mark M Zalupski, Nathan Bahary, Paul E Oberstein, Andrea Wang-Gillam, Wilson Wu, Dimitrios Chondros, Ping Jiang, Sihem Khelifa, Jie Pu, Carrie Aldrich, Andrew E Hendifar
Purpose Metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is characterized by excessive hyaluronan (HA) accumulation in the tumor microenvironment, elevating interstitial pressure and impairing perfusion. Preclinical studies demonstrated pegvorhyaluronidase alfa (PEGPH20) degrades HA, thereby increasing drug delivery. Patients and Methods Patients with previously untreated metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma were randomly assigned to treatment with PEGPH20 plus nab-paclitaxel/gemcitabine (PAG) or nab-paclitaxel/gemcitabine (AG)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223065/arabinogalactan-proteins-immunolocalization-in-the-developing-ovary-of-a-facultative-apomict-fragaria-x-ananassa-duch
#2
Agata Leszczuk, Ewa Szczuka
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Arabinogalactan proteins are present in the extracellular matrix and their occurrence is developmentally regulated. The studies were carried out to localise arabinogalactan proteins in ovary cells of Fragaria x ananassa Duchesne (strawberry) during megasporogenesis, megagametogenesis, and formation of the embryo. METHODS: The research included studies of ovary histochemistry and immunofluorescence labelling of AGP epitopes was performed with antibodies JIM13, JIM15 and MAC207...
December 5, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217665/critical-determinants-of-combined-sprint-and-endurance-performance-an-integrative-analysis-from-muscle-fiber-to-the-human-body
#3
Stephan van der Zwaard, Willem J van der Laarse, Guido Weide, Frank W Bloemers, Mathijs J Hofmijster, Koen Levels, Dionne A Noordhof, Jos J de Koning, Cornelis J de Ruiter, Richard T Jaspers
Optimizing physical performance is a major goal in current physiology. However, basic understanding of combining high sprint and endurance performance is currently lacking. This study identifies critical determinants of combined sprint and endurance performance using multiple regression analyses of physiologic determinants at different biologic levels. Cyclists, including 6 international sprint, 8 team pursuit, and 14 road cyclists, completed a Wingate test and 15-km time trial to obtain sprint and endurance performance results, respectively...
December 7, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217428/clinical-significance-of-galnacylated-glycans-in-cholangiocarcinoma-values-for-diagnosis-and-prognosis
#4
Waraporn Saentaweesuk, Atit Silsirivanit, Kulthida Vaeteewoottacharn, Kanlayanee Sawanyawisuth, Chawalit Pairojkul, Ubon Cha'on, Somsiri Indramanee, Somchai Pinlaor, Thidarut Boonmars, Norie Araki, Chaisiri Wongkham
Cancer cells exhibited the aberrant cancer-associated glycans that are potential biomarkers for diagnosis and monitoring of the cancer. In this study, Sophora japonica agglutinin (SJA) was used to detect SJA-specific N-acetylgalactosamine-associated glycans (SNAG) in liver tissues and sera from cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) patients. Whether SNAG could be the diagnostic and prognostic markers for CCA was evaluated. SJA-histochemistry revealed that SNAG was undetec2 in normal bile ducts but was highly expressed in hyperplastic/dysplastic bile ducts and CCA...
December 4, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200961/posterior-cerebral-fossa-medulloepithelioma-report-of-a-case
#5
Nezha Oumghar, Fatima Ezzahra Hazmiri, Abdelhamid El Omrani, Hanane Rais, Mouna Khouchani
Background: Medulloepithelioma is a rare primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the central nervous system, usually developing in childhood. Due to its rarity, the optimal management is still unknown. The prognosis is poor, especially when resection is incomplete. Adjuvant radiochemotherapy is often indicated. Case presentation: We report a rare case of infratentorial medulloepithelioma in a 3 year old girl. She presented symptoms of increased intracranial pressure...
2017: BMC Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180213/cross-talk-between-tgf-beta-and-tnf-alfa-in-regression-of-myointimal-hyperplasia
#6
Antonio V Sterpetti, Valeria Borrelli, Alessandra Cucina, Marco Ventura
BACKGROUND: The phenomena involved in regression of arterial myointimal hyperplasia have not been analyzed in detail. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 24 Lewis rats, a 1-cm-long venous graft, obtained from syngenic Lewis rats, was implanted in the infrarenal aorta. After 4 wk, the grafts were removed and analyzed using scanning electron microscopy and histochemistry. The grafts showed evidence of myointimal hyperplasia; 16 of these explanted grafts were reimplanted in the vein circulation of syngenic Lewis rats...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175637/pectin-and-cellulose-cell-wall-composition-enables-different-strategies-to-leaf-water-uptake-in-plants-from-tropical-fog-mountain
#7
D Boanares, B G Ferreira, A R Kozovits, H C Sousa, R M S Isaias, M G C França
Leaf water uptake (LWU) has been observed in plants of different ecosystems and this process is distinct among different species. Four plant species from the Brazilian fog mountain fields were evaluated in order to detect if leaf water uptake capacity is related to the cell wall composition of leaf epidermis. LWU measurements and their relation to anatomical and biochemical traits were analyzed. Cell wall composition was verified through immunocytochemistry using monoclonal antibodies recognizing pectin compounds, and histochemistry with calcofluor white to track cellulose...
November 11, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174415/neuroinflammation-induced-by-amyloid-%C3%AE-25-35-modifies-mucin-type-o-glycosylation-in-the-rat-s-hippocampus
#8
Ivan Ramos-Martinez, Pamela Martínez-Loustalot, Liliana Lozano, Tarik Issad, Daniel Limón, Alfonso Díaz, Armando Perez-Torres, Jorge Guevara, Edgar Zenteno
Amyloid-β (Aβ) plays a relevant role in the neurodegenerative process of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The 25-35 peptide of amyloid-β (Aβ25-35) induces the inflammatory response in brain experimental models. Mucin-type O-glycosylation has been associated with inflammation of brain tissues in AD, thus in this work, we aimed at identifying changes in the glycosylation profile generated by the injection of Aβ25-35 into the CA1 of the hippocampus of rats, using histochemistry with lectins. Our results indicate that 100μM Aβ25-35 induce increased recognition of the Amaranthus leucocarpus lectin (ALL) (specific for Galβ1,3-GalNAcα1,0-Ser/Thr); whereas concanavalin A (Con A) (specific for α-Man) showed no differences among treated and control groups of rats...
November 21, 2017: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172151/oxidative-stress-driven-pulmonary-inflammation-and-fibrosis-in-a-mouse-model-of-human-ataxia-telangiectasia
#9
Ruth Duecker, Patrick Baer, Olaf Eickmeier, Maja Strecker, Jennifer Kurz, Alexander Schaible, Dirk Henrich, Stefan Zielen, Ralf Schubert
Lung failure is responsible for significant morbidity and is a frequent cause of death in ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T). Disturbance in the redox balance of alveolar epithelial cells must be considered as a causal factor for respiratory disease in A-T. To investigate bronchoalveolar sensitivity to reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ROS-induced DNA damage, we used bleomycin (BLM) to induce experimental inflammation and fibrotic changes in the Atm-deficient mouse model. BLM or saline was administered by oropharyngeal instillation into the lung of Atm-deficient mice and wild-type mice...
November 10, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170000/sleep-disorder-and-altered-locomotor-activity-as-biomarkers-of-the-parkinson-s-disease-cholinopathy-in-rat
#10
Jelena Ciric, Katarina Lazic, Slobodan Kapor, Milka Perovic, Jelena Petrovic, Vesna Pesic, Selma Kanazir, Jasna Saponjic
In order to find out the possible earliest biomarkers of Parkinson's disease (PD) cholinopathy, we followed the impact of bilateral pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPT) lesion in rat on: the cortical and hippocampal sleep/wake states architectures, all sleep states related EEG microstructures, sleep spindles, the basal and stimulated locomotor activity. Sleep and basal locomotor activity in adult Wistar rats were followed during their inactive circadian phase, and throughout the same aging period. The bilateral PPT lesions were done by 0...
November 20, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162749/role-of-synaptophysin-in-the-intraoperative-assessment-of-quadrantic-innervation-of-the-proximal-doughnut-in-hirschsprung-disease
#11
Lokendra Yadav, M K Babu, Kanishka Das, Suravi Mohanty, P Divya, Gowri Shankar, Usha Kini
BACKGROUND: Symptoms may persist in a retained aganglionic segment of the colon after corrective (pull-through) surgery in Hirschsprung disease (HD). Thus, it is important to assess the proximal doughnut for innervation abnormalities intraoperatively by frozen sections stained with conventional haematoxylin and eosin stain and supported by rapid acetylcholinesterase (AChE) histochemistry. When the doughnut is proximal to the sigmoid colon, AChE is not useful and requires ratification by yet another rapid technique and hence this study...
July 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159968/histochemical-and-immunohistochemical-characterization-of-rodlet-cells-in-the-intestine-of-two-teleosts-anguilla-anguilla-and-cyprinus-carpio
#12
G Bosi, J A DePasquale, M Manera, G Castaldelli, L Giari, B Sayyaf Dezfuli
Rodlet cells (RC) are characterized by a distinctive cell cortex and conspicuous inclusions named "rodlets." These cells are particularly abundant and large in size in intestine of eels. Histochemical, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural investigations were carried out on European eel Anguilla anguilla and Common carp Cyprinus carpio from Northern Italy. Eight biotinylated lectins were used to probe for specific carbohydrate residues in deparaffinized, hydrated intestinal sections of eel and carp. Five antibodies were tested on intestinal sections of both fish species: inducible nitric oxide synthase (i-NOS), leu-enkephalin, lysozyme, serotonin and tumour necrosis factor-α...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155788/use-of-synaptic-zinc-histochemistry-to-reveal-different-regions-and-laminae-in-the-developing-and-adult-brain
#13
Reem Khalil, Jonathan B Levitt
Characterization of anatomical and functional brain organization and development requires accurate identification of distinct neural circuits and regions in the immature and adult brain. Here we describe a zinc histochemical staining procedure that reveals differences in staining patterns among different layers and brain regions. Others have utilized this procedure not only to reveal the distribution of zinc-containing neurons and circuits in the brain, but also to successfully delineate areal and laminar boundaries in the developing and adult brain in several species...
October 29, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151410/-effects-of-curcumin-on-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-functions-of-paraquat-challenged-rats
#14
Honggang Chen, Rongjia Yang, Yan Tang, Jun Xu, Youfan Feng, Shijie Liu, Shikui Zhang, Lijun Hou
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of curcumin on pulmonary fibrosis and functions on paraquat (PQ)-challenged rats, and investigate the possible mechanism. METHODS: 108 SPF Wistar rats were divided into three groups according to random number sheet: normal saline (NS) control group, PQ model group and curcumin-treatment group. The rats in each group were subdivided into three subgroups according to different time points (3, 7, 14 days), with 12 rats in each subgroup...
November 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151193/disturbances-of-diurnal-phase-markers-behavior-and-clock-genes-in-a-rat-model-of-depression-modulatory-effects-of-agomelatine-treatment
#15
K Højgaard, S L Christiansen, E V Bouzinova, O Wiborg
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a growing problem worldwide. Though, the etiology remains unresolved, circadian rhythm disturbances are frequently observed in MDD and thus is speculated to play a key role herein. The present study focuses on circadian rhythm disturbances in the chronic mild stress (CMS) animal model of depression and examined whether the atypical antidepressant, agomelatine, which is mediating its action via melatonergic and serotonergic receptors, is capable of resynchronizing the perturbed rhythm...
November 19, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148037/growth-performance-fatty-acid-composition-lipid-deposition-and-hepatic-lipid-metabolism-related-gene-expression-in-juvenile-pond-loach-misgurnus-anguillicaudatus-fed-diets-with-different-dietary-soybean-oil-levels
#16
Y Li, Z Jia, X Liang, D Matulic, M Hussein, J Gao
A 10 week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of different dietary soybean oil (SO) levels on growth performance, fatty-acid composition and lipid deposition in viscera, histology and histochemistry of liver, intestine and hepatic-lipid metabolism-related gene expressions in pond loach Misgurnus anguillicaudatus juveniles. Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (mean ± s.d. mass 0·40 ± 0·01 g) were fed five experimental diets containing SO at different concentrations: 0, 20, 32, 56 and 100% SO and a diet containing 100% fish oil (100% FO)...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140465/short-chain-arabinoxylans-prepared-from-enzymatically-treated-wheat-grain-exert-prebiotic-effects-during-the-broiler-starter-period
#17
N Yacoubi, L Saulnier, E Bonnin, E Devillard, V Eeckhaut, L Rhayat, R Ducatelle, F Van Immerseel
Carbohydrate-degrading multi-enzyme preparations (MEP) are used to improve broiler performances. Their mode of action is complex and not fully understood. In this study, we compared the effect of water-soluble fractions isolated at the pilot scale from wheat grain incubated with (WE) and without (WC) MEP. The fractions were incorporated in a wheat-based diet (0.1% w/w) to feed Ross PM3 broilers and compared with a non-supplemented control group (NC). The body weight gain (BWG), feed intake (FI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) until d 14 were determined...
November 10, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139379/-about-the-technique-of-muscle-biopsy-iv-the-advent-of-histochemistry-and-cytoenzymology-in-the-analysis-of-muscle-biopsies-a-short-and-personal-historical-overview
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134985/effects-of-unripe-musa-paradisiaca-on-the-histochemistry-of-the-testis-and-testosterone-levels-in-adult-albino-rats
#19
A S Alabi, G O Omotosho, C N B Tagoe, O B Akinola, B U Enaibe
This study was aimed at determining the effects of the unripe fruit of Musa paradisiaca on the testis andtestosterone levels in male Wistar rats. The animals were grouped into three, comprising a control, and 2 treatment groupsadministered with different doses (500 mg/kg and 1000 mg/kg) daily of the fruit flour over 28 days. Histochemical evaluationof the testes was done using Haematoxylin and Eosin, Periodic acid Schiff's (PAS) and Feulgen staining techniques, whilethe serum and homogenised testicular tissue were evaluated for testosterone levels using Accu-Bind ELISA Kit...
June 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133362/three-month-endothelial-human-endothelin-1-overexpression-causes-blood-pressure-elevation-and-vascular-and-kidney-injury
#20
Suellen C Coelho, Olga Berillo, Antoine Caillon, Sofiane Ouerd, Júlio C Fraulob-Aquino, Tlili Barhoumi, Stefan Offermanns, Pierre Paradis, Ernesto L Schiffrin
Endothelium-derived endothelin (ET)-1 has been implicated in the development of hypertension and end-organ damage, but its exact role remains unclear. We have shown that tamoxifen-inducible endothelium-restricted human ET-1 overexpressing (ieET-1) mice exhibited blood pressure rise after a 3-week induction in an ET type A (ETA) receptor-dependent manner, in absence of vascular and renal injury. It is unknown whether long-term ET-1 overexpression results in sustained blood pressure elevation and vascular and renal injury...
November 13, 2017: Hypertension
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