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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735523/histochemistry-and-immunolocalisation-of-glucokinin-in-antidiabetic-plants-used-in-traditional-mexican-medicine
#1
Guillermo Laguna-Hernández, Carlos A Rio-Zamorano, Itzel G Meneses-Ochoa, Alicia E Brechú-Franco
Mexico is a megadiverse country that has 3,600 to 4,000 species of medicinal plants, of which approximately 800 are used to treat conditions related to diabetes mellitus (DM). DM is a chronic degenerative disease of energy metabolism that exists as two types: type 1 (DM1) and type 2 (DM2). DM is considered a public health problem that affects 7% of the Mexican population older than 20 years. DM is clinically controlled with hypoglycaemic drugs, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, insulin secretion stimulants or the direct application of insulin...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730689/relationships-among-muscle-fiber-type-composition-fiber-diameter-and-mrf-gene-expression-in-different-skeletal-muscles-of-naturally-grazing-wuzhumuqin-sheep-during-postnatal-development
#2
Qimuge Siqin, Tadayuki Nishiumi, Takahisa Yamada, Shuiqing Wang, Wenjun Liu, Rihan Wu, Gerelt Borjigin
The aim of this study was to determine the relationships among muscle fiber-type composition, fiber diameter, and myogenic regulatory factor (MRF) gene expression in different skeletal muscles during development in naturally grazing Wuzhumuqin sheep. Three major muscles (i.e. the Longissimus dorsi (LD), Biceps femoris (BF) and Triceps brachii (TB)) were obtained from 20 Wuzhumuqin sheep and 20 castrated rams at each of the following ages: 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 18 months. Muscle fiber-type composition and fiber diameter were measured using histochemistry and morphological analysis, and MRF gene expression levels were determined using real-time PCR...
July 20, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727975/appendicular-biopsy-in-total-colonic-aganglionosis-a-histologically-challenging-and-inadvisable-practice
#3
Suravi Mohanty, Usha Kini, Kanishka Das, Divya Puttegowda, Lokendra Yadav, Manjally Kunjipapu Babu, Kiran Mahadevappa, Prasanna Kumar, Shubha Attibele Mahadevaiah, Mainak Deb
Background The reliability of intraoperative evaluation of ganglion cells in the appendix as a guide to a diagnosis of total colonic aganglionosis is unclear. Objective To evaluate the diagnostic utility of appendicular innervation in colonic Hirschsprung disease (HD) and TCA. Methods Prospective, systematic study of ganglion cells and the neural plexii in appendices from cases (HD and TCA) and age matched controls with frozen and paraffin sections, rapid acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and immunohistochemistry...
July 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720305/ecto-5-nucleotidase-cd73-regulates-bone-formation-and-remodeling-during-intramembranous-bone-repair-in-aging-mice
#4
Vivian Bradaschia-Correa, Anne M Josephson, Alexander J Egol, Matthew M Mizrahi, Kevin Leclerc, Jason Huo, Bruce N Cronstein, Philipp Leucht
Ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) generates adenosine, an osteoblast activator and key regulator of skeletal growth. It is unknown, however, if CD73 regulates osteogenic differentiation during fracture healing in adulthood, and in particular how CD73 activity regulates intramembranous bone repair in the elderly. Monocortical tibial defects were created in 46-52-week-old wild type (WT) and CD73 knock-out mice (CD73(-/-)) mice. Injury repair was analyzed at post-operative days 5, 7, 14 and 21 by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), histomorphometry, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immunostaining, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) histochemistry...
July 4, 2017: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720013/the-5-ht1b-serotonin-receptor-regulates-methylphenidate-induced-gene-expression-in-the-striatum-differential-effects-on-immediate-early-genes
#5
David Alter, Joel A Beverley, Ronak Patel, Carlos A Bolaños-Guzmán, Heinz Steiner
Drug combinations that include a psychostimulant such as methylphenidate (Ritalin) and a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor such as fluoxetine are indicated in several medical conditions. Co-exposure to these drugs also occurs with "cognitive enhancer" use by individuals treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Methylphenidate, a dopamine reuptake inhibitor, by itself produces some addiction-related gene regulation in the striatum. We have demonstrated that co-administration of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors potentiates these methylphenidate-induced molecular effects, thus producing a more "cocaine-like" profile...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716107/biomarkers-of-resistance-to-radiation-therapy-a-prospective-study-in-cervical-carcinoma
#6
P Moreno-Acosta, A Vallard, S Carrillo, O Gamboa, A Romero-Rojas, M Molano, J Acosta, D Mayorga, C Rancoule, M A Garcia, M Cotes Mestre, N Magné
BACKGROUND: Clinical parameters and proteins have recently been suggested as possible causes of radiotherapy (RT) resistance in cervical carcinoma (CC). The objective of the present study was to validate prognostic biomarkers of radiation resistance. METHODS: The present prospective study included patients undergoing RT with curative intent for histologically proven locally advanced squamous cell CC. Tissues and blood samples were systematically collected before RT initiation...
July 17, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715601/methamphetamine-increases-prion-protein-and-induces-dopamine-dependent-expression-of-protease-resistant-prpsc
#7
M Ferrucci, L Ryskalin, F Biagioni, S Gambardella, C L Busceti, A Falleni, G Lazzeri, F Fornai
The cellular prion protein (PrPc) is physiologically expressed within selective brain areas of mammals. Alterations in the secondary structure of this protein lead to scrapie-like prion protein (PrPsc), which precipitates in the cell. PrPsc has been detected in infectious, inherited or sporadic neurodegenerative disorders. Prion protein metabolism is dependent on autophagy and ubiquitin proteasome. Despite not being fully elucidated, the physiological role of prion protein relates to chaperones which rescue cells under stressful conditions...
July 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715403/improving-strength-power-muscle-aerobic-capacity-and-glucose-tolerance-through-short-term-progressive-strength-training-among-elderly-people
#8
Eva A Andersson, Per Frank, Marjan Pontén, Björn Ekblom, Maria Ekblom, Marcus Moberg, Kent Sahlin
This protocol describes the simultaneous use of a broad span of methods to examine muscle aerobic capacity, glucose tolerance, strength, and power in elderly people performing short-term resistance training (RET). Supervised progressive resistance training for 1 h three times a week over 8 weeks was performed by RET participants (71±1 years, range 65-80). Compared to a control group without training, the RET showed improvements on the measures used to indicate strength, power, glucose tolerance, and several parameters of muscle aerobic capacity...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713262/effects-of-strength-training-and-anabolic-steroid-in-the-peripheral-nerve-and-skeletal-muscle-morphology-of-aged-rats
#9
Walter Krause Neto, Wellington de A Silva, Adriano P Ciena, Ricardo Aparecido Baptista Nucci, Carlos A Anaruma, Eliane F Gama
Thirty male 20-month-old Wistar rats were divided into groups: IC-initial control (n = 6), FC-final control (n = 6), AC-anabolic hormone control (n = 6), ST-strength trained (n = 6) and STA-strength trained with anabolic hormone (n = 6). All groups were submitted to adaptation, familiarization and maximum load carrying test (MLCT). Strength training (6-8×/session with loads of 50%-100% MLCT, 3×/week and pause of 120 s) was performed in ladder climbing (LC) for 15 weeks. The administration of testosterone propionate (TP) was performed 2×/week (10 mg/kg) in animals in the AC and STA groups...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707805/decreased-parvalbumin-mrna-levels-in-cerebellar-purkinje-cells-in-autism
#10
Jean-Jacques Soghomonian, Kunzhong Zhang, Sujithra Reprakash, Gene J Blatt
Recent neuropathology studies in human brains indicate that several areas of the prefrontal cortex have decreased numbers of parvalbumin interneurons or decreased parvalbumin expression in Autism Spectrum disorders (ASD) [Hashemi, Ariza, Rogers, Noctor, & Martinez-Cerdeno, 2017; Zikopoulos & Barbas, ]. These data suggest that a deficit in parvalbumin may be a key neuropathology of ASD and contribute to altered GABAergic inhibition. However, it is unclear if a deficit in parvalbumin is a phenomenon that occurs in regions other than the cerebral cortex...
July 14, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707031/silencing-of-p2x7r-by-rna-interference-in-the-hippocampus-can-attenuate-morphological-and-behavioral-impact-of-pilocarpine-induced-epilepsy
#11
Rebeca Padrão Amorim, Michelle Gasparetti Leão Araújo, Jorge Valero, Iscia Lopes-Cendes, Vinicius Davila Bitencourt Pascoal, João Oliveira Malva, Maria José da Silva Fernandes
Cell signaling mediated by P2X7 receptors (P2X7R) has been suggested to be involved in epileptogenesis, via modulation of intracellular calcium levels, excitotoxicity, activation of inflammatory cascades, and cell death, among other mechanisms. These processes have been described to be involved in pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE) and contribute to hyperexcitability, resulting in spontaneous and recurrent seizures. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of P2X7R in epileptogenesis in vivo using RNA interference (RNAi) to inhibit the expression of this receptor...
July 13, 2017: Purinergic Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703794/impaired-autophagosome-clearance-contributes-to-neuronal-death-in-a-piglet-model-of-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#12
Derong Cui, Dawei Sun, Xintao Wang, Liye Yi, Ewa Kulikowicz, Michael Reyes, Junchao Zhu, Zeng-Jin Yang, Wei Jiang, Raymond C Koehler
To examine the temporal relationship of cortical autophagic flux with delayed neuronal cell death after hypoxia-ischemia (HI) in neonatal piglets. HI was produced with 45-min hypoxia and 7-min airway occlusion in 3-5-day-old piglets. Markers of autophagic, lysosomal and cell death signaling were studied via immunohistochemistry, immunoblotting, and histochemistry in piglet brains. In vitro, autophagy was impaired in cultured mouse cortical neurons treated with chloroquine with or without rapamycin for 1 d in the presence of Z-VAD-fmk, cyclosporine A, or vehicle control, and cell viability was assessed with the MTT assay...
July 13, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701622/effects-on-glycocalyx-structures-of-frozen-thawed-bovine-sperm-induced-by-flow-cytometry-and-artificial-capacitation
#13
Kohei Umezu, Yuuki Hiradate, Takashi Numabe, Kenshiro Hara, Kentaro Tanemura
Sperm sorting by flow cytometry is a useful technology in the bovine industry, but the conception rates after artificial insemination using sex-sorted sperm are lower than when using the un-sorted sperm. In this study, we have investigated the causes for these low conception rates. We have focused on changes caused by flow cytometry to the glycocalyx, which forms the outermost surface of the sperm membrane. We have also evaluated the effects of capacitation on the glycocalyx since capacitation involves a redistribution of the sperm membrane that is vital for successful fertilization and conception...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696534/a-fusion-protein-of-interleukin-4-and-interleukin-10-protects-against-blood-induced-cartilage-damage-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#14
Lize F D van Vulpen, Jelena Popov-Celeketic, Monique E R van Meegeren, Katja Coeleveld, Jacob M van Laar, C Erik Hack, Roger E G Schutgens, Simon C Mastbergen, Floris P J G Lafeber
BACKGROUND: Joint damage still causes significant morbidity in hemophilia. It results from synovial inflammation and direct cartilage-degenerating properties of blood components. Interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10 have been shown to protect cartilage from blood-induced damage. Recently an IL4-10 fusion protein has been developed to combine the function of IL-4 and IL-10 and increase their bioavailability. OBJECTIVES: In this study it is evaluated whether this IL4-10 fusion protein protects against blood-induced joint damage...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688581/persistent-and-inducible-neogenesis-repopulates-progenitor-renin-lineage-cells-in-the-kidney
#15
Linda Hickmann, Anne Steglich, Michael Gerlach, Moath Al-Mekhlafi, Jan Sradnick, Peter Lachmann, Maria Luisa S Sequeira-Lopez, R Ariel Gomez, Bernd Hohenstein, Christian Hugo, Vladimir T Todorov
Renin lineage cells (RLCs) serve as a progenitor cell reservoir during nephrogenesis and after renal injury. The maintenance mechanisms of the RLC pool are still poorly understood. Since RLCs were also identified as a progenitor cell population in bone marrow we first considered that these may be their source in the kidney. However, transplantation experiments in adult mice demonstrated that bone marrow-derived cells do not give rise to RLCs in the kidney indicating their non-hematopoietic origin. Therefore we tested whether RLCs develop in the kidney through neogenesis (de novo differentiation) from cells that have never expressed renin before...
July 6, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686880/chicken-mannose-binding-lectin-has-antiviral-activity-towards-infectious-bronchitis-virus
#16
Weidong Zhang, Kim M Bouwman, Steven J van Beurden, Soledad R Ordonez, Martin van Eijk, Henk P Haagsman, M Hélène Verheije, Edwin J A Veldhuizen
Mannose binding lectin (MBL) is a collagenous C-type lectin, which plays an important role in innate immunity. It can bind to carbohydrates on the surface of a wide range of pathogens, including viruses. Here we studied the antiviral effect of recombinant chicken (rc)MBL against Infectious Bronchitis Virus (IBV), a highly contagious coronavirus of chicken. rcMBL inhibited in a dose-dependent manner the infection of BHK-21 cells by IBV-Beaudette, as detected by immunofluorescence staining of viral proteins and qPCR...
September 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684629/genetic-deletion-of-nadph-oxidase-1-rescues-microvascular-function-in-mice-with-metabolic-disease
#17
Jennifer A Thompson, Sebastian Larion, James D Mintz, Eric J Belin de Chantemele, David J Fulton, David W Stepp
Rationale: Early vascular changes in metabolic disease that precipitate the development of cardiovascular complications are largely driven by reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, yet the extent to which excess ROS derive from specific Nox isoforms remains ill-defined. Objective: Identify the role of Nox1 in the development of microvascular dysfunction in metabolic disease. Methods and Results: Four genotypes were generated by breeding Nox1 knock-out (KO) mice with db/db mice: lean (HdbWnox1); lean Nox1 KO (HdbKnox1); obese (KdbWnox1); obese KK (KdbKnox1)...
July 6, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679024/multi-pronged-proteomic-analysis-to-study-the-glioma-pathobiology-using-cerebrospinal-fluid-samples
#18
Nikita Gahoi, Darpan Malhotra, Aliasgar Moiyadi, Santosh G Varma, Mayuri N Gandhi, Sanjeeva Srivastava
PURPOSE: Gliomas are one of the most aggressive and lethal brain tumors arising from neoplastic transformation of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. In this study, we have carried out a comprehensive quantitative analysis of proteome level differences in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) across different grades of gliomas for a better understanding of glioma pathobiology. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Glioma patients were diagnosed by radiology and histochemistry- based analyses. Differential proteomic analysis of high (n = 12) and low (n = 8) grade gliomas, and control (n = 3) samples was performed by using two complementary quantitative proteomic approaches; 2D-DIGE and iTRAQ...
July 5, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675980/a-combined-deposition-of-lanthanum-and-%C3%AE-2-microglobulin-related-amyloid-in-the-gastroduodenal-mucosa-of-hemodialysis-dependent-patients-an-immunohistochemical-electron-microscopic-and-energy-dispersive-x-ray-spectrometric-analysis
#19
Takayoshi Komatsu-Fujii, Hideyuki Onuma, Youichi Miyaoka, Noriyoshi Ishikawa, Asuka Araki, Nahoko Ishikawa, Tomohiko Yamamoto, Tomoko Mishiro, Kyoichi Adachi, Yoshikazu Kinoshita, Pamela Tauchi-Nishi, Riruke Maruyama
Lanthanum carbonate (LC) is a new type of phosphate adsorbent used to treat patients with hyperphosphatemia caused by chronic kidney diseases. Recent studies have pointed out that lanthanum deposition can be found in the cytoplasm of histiocytes in the gastroduodenal mucosa of these patients. On the other hand, it is well known that patients on long-term hemodialysis can develop deposition of β2-microglobulin-related amyloid (Aβ2M) mainly around joints. However, involvement of the gastrointestinal tract by hemodialysis-associated amyloidosis has been thought to be rare, and therefore only Aβ2M, if any, has been reported to accumulate in the vascular walls of the submucosa and muscularis propria...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675506/determination-of-the-cell-tropism-of-serotype-1-feline-infectious-peritonitis-virus-using-the-spike-affinity-histochemistry-in-paraffin-embedded-tissues
#20
Tat-Chuan Cham, Yen-Chen Chang, Pei-Shiue Tsai, Ching-Ho Wu, Hui-Wen Chen, Chian-Ren Jeng, Victor Fei Pang, Hui-Wen Chang
Unlike serotype II feline coronaviruses (FCoV II), the cellular receptor for serotype I FCoV (FCoV I), the most prevalence FCoV serotype, is unknown. To provide a platform to assess attachment pattern of the FCoV I with its host receptor(s), we established HEK293 cell lines that stably expressed the ectodomains of the spike (S) proteins derived from a FCoV I feline enteric coronavirus strain UU7 (FECV UU7) and a feline infectious peritonitis virus strain UU4 (FIPV UU4). Using the recombinant S proteins as probes to perform S protein affinity histochemistry in paraffin-embedded tissues, despite no tissue or enteric binding of FECV UU7 S protein was detected, we showed that the tissue distribution of FIPV UU4 S protein-bound cells correlated with that of FIPV antigen-positive cells by immunohistochemistry and lesions associated with FIP; and the affinity binding of FIPV UU4 S protein on macrophages was not affected by the enzymatic removal of host cell-surface sialic acid with neuraminidase...
July 4, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
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