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Physical agents in rehabilitation

Yann Le Déan, Benjamin Brissebrat, Evelyne Castel-Lacanal, Xavier De Boissezon, Philippe Marque
OBJECTIVE: Central neuropathic pain is common among neurological patients. Drug therapy has high pharmacoresistance and some GABAergic agents can be detrimental to the recovery process. Alternative therapies include neuromodulation techniques, such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and motor imagery techniques with mirror therapy. The objective of this study was to evaluate their effectiveness in clinical practice on central neuropathic pain. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients followed in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation department of Rangueil University Hospital were included...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Mouna Sghir, Mohamed Guedria, Marwa Maraoui, Wafa Haj Hamad, Wafa Said, Saida Jerbi, Wassia Kessomtini
OBJECTIVE: The femur aplasia is a congenital developmental defect of the femur often associated with malformations of the pelvis and lower limb. There are all intermediaries between the short femur and vestigial femoral. The total femur absence (agenesis) is rare. We report a case of a child followed in our Physical Medicine Department for proximal bilateral femoral agenesis. OBSERVATIONS: This is M.S., a 5 years old child, addressed for a waddling gait and a deformation of the trunk...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
L Gottrand, F Devinck, V Martinot Duquennoy, P Guerreschi
Physical, non-painful processes guide the scar reshaping in children in order to prevent growth anomalies due to cutaneous shrinkage. The objective of the surgical treatment, coordinated with the reeducation care, is to improve the physical abilities of the skin, to restore the function and avoid the deformations. Reeducation uses various techniques (i.e. sensitive-motility, massage and mobilizations) with or without physical agent (water, aspiration and touch-drive technique). Posture and positioning rely on the small or major aids, from orthosis to prosthesis...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Cecilia Calabrese, Nadia Corcione, Gaetano Rea, Francesco Stefanelli, Ilernando Meoli, Alessandro Vatrella
Post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PIBO) is a small airways disease characterized by fixed airflow limitation. Therefore, inhaled bronchodilators and corticosteroids are not recommended as maintenance therapy options. The management of PIBO currently consists only of close monitoring of affected patients, aimed at the prevention and early treatment of pulmonary infections. In recent years, there has been an increase in the incidence of PIBO in the pediatric population. Patients with PIBO are characterized by a progressive decline in lung function, accompanied by a decrease in overall functional capacity...
May 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Guy Vanderstraeten, Thierry M Lejeune, Hubert Piessevaux, Dirk De Bacquer, Chris Walker, Birgit De Beleyr
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate gastrointestinal risk profiles in patients with osteoarthritis who are currently being treated, or who are candidates for treatment, with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. METHODS: Patients with osteoarthritis treated by primary care physicians or physical and rehabilitation medicine (PRM) specialists in Belgium and Luxembourg were scored for gastrointestinal risk profile, low, moderate or high, based on the presence of gastrointestinal risk factors...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Huiping Lu, Lin Song, Ying Lin
This study aims at diagnosis and rehabilitation of a rare case of deep wound infection and internal fixation rejection in elbow. The patient sustained a distal fracture in the humerus 1 year ago, which was internal fixed. The wound always effused and the elbow had pain and swelling; joint motion was limited. Blood sedimentation rate and C reactive protein level increased, bacterial culture suggested deep wound infection, and ultrasound indicated inflammation. The main diagnoses were deep wound infection and internal fixation rejection...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shinichiro Maeshima, Sayaka Okamoto, Hideto Okazaki, Shiho Mizuno, Naoki Asano, Tetsuya Tsunoda, Hirofumi Maeda, Mitsuko Masaki, Shigeru Sonoda
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to investigate the presenting conditions of patients with hemorrhagic transformation (HT), the frequency of HT and its treatments at a rehabilitation hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 165 patients with cerebral infarctions transferred to our rehabilitation hospital during the study period were enrolled. HT was diagnosed by two stroke specialists using computed tomography (CT) at the time of transfer to our rehabilitation hospital and other imaging data from previous consultations...
March 2016: Interventional Neurology
Stephen J Shepherd, Richard Newman, Stephen J Brett, David M Griffith
OBJECTIVES: ICU-acquired weakness is a common complication of critical illness and can have significant effects upon functional status and quality of life. As part of preliminary work to inform the design of a randomized trial of a complex intervention to improve recovery from critical illness, we sought to identify pharmacological interventions that may play a role in this area. DATA SOURCES: We systematically reviewed the published literature relating to pharmacological intervention for the treatment and prevention of ICU-acquired weakness...
June 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Stephen W Yu, Alessandra L Szulc, Sharon L Walton, Roy I Davidovitch, Joseph A Bosco, Richard Iorio
BACKGROUND: Although pain management affects rehabilitation, length of stay, and functional outcome, an optimized pain management protocol has yet to be standardized. Opioids are the primary agent used to control acute postoperative pain; however, they are associated with a wide range of side effects. Liposomal bupivacaine (LB), a long-acting analgesic agent administered intraoperatively, has been introduced as a new modality to control pain for up to 72 hours after operation without affecting motor function...
July 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Gretchen A Meyer, Samuel R Ward
Persistent muscle atrophy in the chronically torn rotator cuff is a significant obstacle for treatment and recovery. Large atrophic changes are predictive of poor surgical and nonsurgical outcomes and frequently fail to resolve even following functional restoration of loading and rehabilitation. New insights into the processes of muscle atrophy and recovery gained through studies in developmental biology combined with the novel tools and strategies emerging in regenerative medicine provide new avenues to combat the vexing problem of muscle atrophy in the rotator cuff...
May 2016: Physical Therapy
D Plantier, J Luauté
OBJECTIVE: There are no handbook or recommendations for the use of pharmacological agents to treat neurobehavioral disorders after traumatic brain injury (TBI). This work proposes a systematic review of the literature and a user guide on neuroleptics, antidepressants, beta-blockers, mood stabilizers and other medications for irritability, aggressiveness, agitation, impulsivity, depression, apathy… METHOD: Steering, working and reading groups (62 people) were formed under the control of the French High Authority for Health (HAS) in collaboration with the SOFMER scientific society (French Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine)...
February 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
R Kh Khafizianova, I M Burykin
BACKGROUND: Adequate and rational pharmacotherapy is an important element of rehabilitation of patients with myocardial infarction. Orders of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, domestic and international guidelines, and scientific publications - all contain a complete algorithm for rational pharmacotherapy [1, 2]. These documents are based on the principles of evidence-based medicine (EBM) and help practicing physicians to carry out individualized and rational pharmacotherapy...
2015: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
William R Thompson, Alexander Scott, M Terry Loghmani, Samuel R Ward, Stuart J Warden
Achieving functional restoration of diseased or injured tissues is the ultimate goal of both regenerative medicine approaches and physical therapy interventions. Proper integration and healing of the surrogate cells, tissues, or organs introduced using regenerative medicine techniques are often dependent on the co-introduction of therapeutic physical stimuli. Thus, regenerative rehabilitation represents a collaborative approach whereby rehabilitation specialists, basic scientists, physicians, and surgeons work closely to enhance tissue restoration by creating tailored rehabilitation treatments...
April 2016: Physical Therapy
Marina Kukla, Frankie Whitesel, Paul H Lysaker
This case study illustrates the use of a long-term integrative psychotherapy approach with a middle- aged man with chronic schizophrenia and a mood disorder. The case of "Holst" describes a man with a history of insecure attachment and trauma who later went on to contract a serious chronic illness, precipitating the onset of psychotic symptoms, depression, and chronic suicidal ideation, resulting in multiple hospitalizations. Combining metacognition-oriented therapy with elements of cognitive behavioral therapy and psychiatric rehabilitation, this approach fostered significantly improved community functioning and attainment of personal goals over time...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Xabier Beristain, Esteban Golombievski
Stroke is a leading cause of disability among older adults and more than half of stroke survivors have some residual neurological impairment. Traditionally, managing the aftermath of stroke has been by the implementation of several physical and language therapy modalities. The limitations of these rehabilitation efforts have sparked an interest in finding other ways to enhance neurological recovery. Some of these novel approaches have included pharmacological interventions, cell-derived treatments, and cortical magnetic stimulation...
October 2015: Drugs & Aging
Ruchi Thakur, Anand L Shigli, Divya Sharma, Gagan Thakur
BACKGROUND: Bleaching agents bring about a range of unwanted changes in the physical structure of enamel which needs to be restored qualitatively and timely. Catalase being an antioxidant ensures the effective removal of free radicals and improvement in fluoride mediated remineralization from the enamel microstructure which if retained may harm the integrity and affect the hardness of enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty freshly extracted incisors were sectioned to 6 slabs which were divided into 5 groups: Group A, control; Group B, treatment with 37% hydrogen peroxide (HP); Group C, treatment with 37% HP and catalase, Group D, treatment with 37% HP and 5% sodium fluoride application, Group E, treatment with 37% HP followed by catalase and 5% sodium fluoride...
October 2015: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Marco Monticone, Antonio Frizziero, Giancarlo Rovere, Filippo Vittadini, Domenico Uliano, Silvano LA Bruna, Renato Gatto, Claudia Nava, Vittorio Leggero, Stefano Masiero
BACKGROUND: It is debated whether intra-articular viscosupplementation with hyaluronic acid (HA) can lead to improvements in subjects with osteoarthritis (OA) undergoing physical and rehabilitative interventions. AIM: To assess the effects of intra-articular viscosupplementation on disability in subjects with OA undergoing physical and rehabilitative interventions. Information on pain and quality of life were also collected. METHODS: The databases of PubMed, Medline, EMbase and CINAHL were searched for English language full-text randomized controlled trials comparing intra-articular viscosupplementation alone or associated with physical and rehabilitative interventions to viscosupplementation alone, shame treatment, waiting lists, and any type of rehabilitative interventions...
June 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
G K Fitzgerald, R S Hinman, J Zeni, M A Risberg, L Snyder-Mackler, K L Bennell
A Task Force of the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) has previously published a set of guidelines for the conduct of clinical trials in osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and knee. Limited material available on clinical trials of rehabilitation in people with OA has prompted OARSI to establish a separate Task Force to elaborate guidelines encompassing special issues relating to rehabilitation of OA. The Task Force identified three main categories of rehabilitation clinical trials. The categories included non-operative rehabilitation trials, post-operative rehabilitation trials, and trials examining the effectiveness of devices (e...
May 2015: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Abhijeet Danve, Atul Deodhar
Although axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is as prevalent as rheumatoid arthritis, it is commonly under recognized due to variety of reasons. AxSpA contributes to significant loss of function and disability among young adults. With the availability of newer assessment methods and effective therapeutic agents, early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are possible. As mechanical back pain is widely prevalent in general population, selection of patients with high likelihood of having axSpA and referral to rheumatologists is very important to allow prompt diagnosis and management of axSpA yet avoid improper utilization of resources...
June 2015: Clinical Rheumatology
Péter Kincses, Norbert Kovács, Kázmér Karádi, János Kállai
This paper is a summary report on the basic questions of the biopsychosocial approach to Parkinson's disease. It deals with cognitive, affective and psychological health issues which significantly influence the outcome of the physical rehabilitation. In spite of the unchanged cognitive status, the psychological burden of the changes in the quality of life, the obstruction, the change in the affective tone, and the shrinking ability to fulfil social roles decrease the patient's quality of life. An interdisciplinary approach is best suited for mitigating these effects...
March 22, 2015: Orvosi Hetilap
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