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Physical agents in rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772185/therapies-for-mobility-disability-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Jessica F Baird, Brian M Sandroff, Robert W Motl
Mobility disability is one of the most widespread and impactful consequences of multiple sclerosis (MS). Disease modifying drugs (DMDs) may delay the progression of disability over time; however, there is minimal evidence supporting the efficacy of DMDs for reversing mobility disability or restoring ambulatory function in persons with MS. Areas covered: This review outlines symptomatic pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapeutic approaches that target mobility disability with the goal of restoring and improving walking function...
May 17, 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768730/biofilm-in-voice-prosthesis-a-prospective-cohort-study-and-laboratory-tests-using-sonication-and-sem-analysis
#2
Jacopo Galli, Lea Calo', Duino Meucci, Monica Giuliani, Daniela Lucidi, Gaetano Paludetti, Riccardo Torelli, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Claudio Parrilla
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare the biofilm growing pattern and its morphological extent on silicone and a teflon-like material using a sonication process and a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). DESIGN: A prospective cohort study and a laboratory study. SETTING: Otolaryngology -Head and Neck surgery Department and the Microbiology Institute. PARTICIPANTS: The participants included fifteen laryngectomized patients with phonatory prostheses, which were removed due to device failure, and two different kinds of phonatory prostheses from the laboratory (Provox 2 and ActiValve) that were artificially colonized by Candida albicans...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671582/dark-side-of-amphetamine-and-analogues-pharmacology-syndromic-manifestation-and-management-of-amphetamine-addiction
#3
Abdul Mannan Baig
The threat imposed by the use of psychoactive, illicit drugs on human health and the cost of rehabilitation of the affected individuals is nothing less than billions of dollars per year. Of the psychoactive substance abuse drugs are amphetamine and its analogues like methamphetamine. This Viewpoint intends to draw the attention of readers toward the neurological basis of "falling a prey" to methamphetamine. Attention has been paid toward a rapid desensitizing attribute that develops shortly after the repetitive use of drugs belonging to sympathomimetic agents of this group...
April 19, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565105/white-book-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-in-europe-chapter-4-history-of-the-specialty-where-prm-comes-from
#4
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe, this paper deals with the history of the PRM medical specialty. The specialty evolved in different European countries, and sometimes also into the single countries, from different medical streams that finally joined. These included among others: balneology, gymnastic, use of physical agents (water, heat, cold, massage, joint manipulations, physical exercise, etc.). Another important role has been played by the increasing number of people experiencing or likely to experience disability due to improvement of medicine and consequent survivals from wars, accidents and/or big infective epidemics (like polio); these evolutions happened in strict relationship with other specialties like cardiology, neurology, orthopaedics, pneumology, rheumatology, traumatology, creating a knowledge transversal to all of them...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436375/scalp-acupuncture-for-the-treatment-of-motor-function-in-acute-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-report
#5
Colette Widrin
An acute spinal cord injury is the result of a traumatic injury to the spinal cord caused by a contusion, compression, or severing of the spinal cord. There are approximately 17,000 new cases each year, of which, males account for 80%. Approximately 65% of these injuries cause incomplete or partial damage to the spinal cord. Comprehensive treatment is essential to restore maximum function. Surgical procedures, stem cell therapy, pharmaceutical agents, and physical therapy are employed to minimize and repair damage done to the nervous system...
April 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326534/is-exercise-training-appropriate-for-patients-with-advanced-heart-failure-receiving-continuous-inotropic-infusion-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Eisuke Amiya, Masanobu Taya
Exercise-based rehabilitation programs have been reported to have beneficial effects for patients with heart failure. However, there is little evidence about whether this is the case in patients with more severe heart failure. In particular, there is a question in the clinical setting whether patients with advanced heart failure and continuous inotropic infusion should be prescribed exercise training. In contrast, many studies conclude that prolonged immobility associated with heart failure profoundly impairs physical function and promotes muscle wasting that could further hasten the course of heart failure...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183022/rehabilitation-of-cancer-survivors-with-long-term-toxicities
#7
Jan Schmielau, Oliver Rick, Monika Reuss-Borst, Eva-Maria Kalusche-Bontemps, Monika Steimann
The prognosis of cancer patients is constantly improving, which increases the importance of securing long-term quality of life. While therapy of treatment-related disability mostly succeeds a cancer-specific treatment, physicians' awareness of simultaneous supportive therapy is rising. Early interventions such as physical exercise during chemotherapy are effective in reducing conditions such as fatigue. Specific sensorimotor training is able to improve or even prevent impairment of balance caused by neurotoxic agents...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134402/modification-in-oxidative-processes-in-muscle-tissues-exposed-to-laser-and-light-emitting-diode-radiation
#8
Victor A Monich, Anna P Bavrina, Svetlana L Malinovskaya
Exposure of living tissues to high-intensity red or near-infrared light can produce the oxidative stress effects both in the target zone and adjacent ones. The protein oxidative modification (POM) products can be used as reliable and early markers of oxidative stress. The contents of modified proteins in the investigated specimens can be evaluated by the 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine assay (the DNPH assay). Low-intensity red light is able to decrease the activity of oxidative processes and the DNPH assay data about the POM products in the biological tissues could show both an oxidative stress level and an efficiency of physical agent protection against the oxidative processes...
January 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119959/-the-potential-of-the-non-pharmacological-methods-for-the-rehabilitation-and-prophylaxis-in-the-patients-suffering-from-with-atopic-dermatitis
#9
I V Kosheleva, O A Bitkina, N A Klivitskaya, L I Shadyzheva
This article was designed to discuss the therapeutic potential of various non-pharmacological and physiotherapeutic methods for the treatment and rehabilitation of the patients presenting with atopic dermatitis (AD) during the inter-recurrence period of the disease. The particular emphasis is placed on the physical agents most frequently used for the purpose with special reference to the combined therapy of atopic dermatitis in the adults and children and to their rehabilitation in the inter-exacerbation periods...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089059/effective-induction-therapy-for-anti-srp-associated-myositis-in-childhood-a-small-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
E L Binns, E Moraitis, S Maillard, S Tansley, N McHugh, T S Jacques, L R Wedderburn, C Pilkington, S A Yasin, K Nistala
BACKGROUND: Anti-Signal Recognition Particle associated myopathy is a clinically and histopathologically distinct subgroup of Juvenile Idiopathic Inflammatory Myositis, which is under-recognised in children and fails to respond to conventional first line therapies. We present three cases where remission was successfully induced using combination therapy with intensive rehabilitation. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Three new patients are reported. All 3 cases presented with profound, rapid-onset, proximal myopathy and markedly raised CK, but no rash...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930813/temporal-changes-in-prescription-of-neuropharmacologic-drugs-and-utilization-of-resources-related-to-neurologic-morbidity-in-mechanically-ventilated-children-with-bronchiolitis
#11
Steven L Shein, Katherine Slain, Deanne Wilson-Costello, Bryan McKee, Alexandre T Rotta
OBJECTIVES: Critically ill children with bronchiolitis may require neuropharmacologic medications and support for neuro-functional sequelae, but current practices are not well described. We aimed to describe recent trends in neuropharmacology and utilization of neuro-rehabilitation resources in mechanically ventilated children with bronchiolitis. DESIGN: Analysis of the multicenter Pediatric Health Information System database. SETTING: Forty-seven U...
December 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918734/the-2016-royal-australian-and-new-zealand-college-of-psychiatrists-guidelines-for-the-management-of-schizophrenia-and-related-disorders
#12
David J Castle, Cherrie A Galletly, Frances Dark, Verity Humberstone, Vera A Morgan, Eóin Killackey, Jayashri Kulkarni, Patrick McGorry, Olav Nielssen, Nga T Tran, Assen Jablensky
The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) clinical practice guidelines for the management of schizophrenia and related disorders provide evidence-based recommendations for optimising treatment and prognosis. This update to the 2005 RANZCP guidelines has a greater emphasis on psychosocial treatments, physical health comorbidities and vocational rehabilitation. Main recommendations: The guidelines advise a clinical staging approach and deliver specific recommendations for:•comprehensive treatment using second generation antipsychotic agents continuously for 2-5 years;•early treatment of comorbid substance use;•community treatment after initial contact, during crises and after discharge from hospital;•physical health monitoring and management of comorbidities, particularly metabolic health;•interventions to optimise recovery of social function and return to study or work; and•management of schizophrenia in specific populations and circumstances...
June 19, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875970/-evaluation-of-selected-vascular-active-factors-in-patients-after-myocardial-infarction-subjected-to-cardiac-rehabilitation
#13
Joanna Kapusta, Anna Mejer-Barczewska, Edward Kowalczyk, Robert Irzmański, Jan Kowalski
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process that develops in the coronary arteries. Clinically active agents such as proinflammatory interleukins, TNF-α, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (including TIMP-1), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), are important factors in the development of acute coronary syndromes. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (stage II) on the concentration of selected vascular active factors (IL- 1, IL-6, TIMP-1, VEGF)...
August 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813954/human-robot-sensor-interface-for-cardiac-rehabilitation
#14
Juan S Lara, Jonathan Casas, Andres Aguirre, Marcela Munera, Monica Rincon-Roncancio, Bahar Irfan, Emmanuel Senft, Tony Belpaeme, Carlos A Cifuentes
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the world. A program of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is related to physical activities or exercises to regain the optimal quality of life. CR relies on the necessity to evaluate, control and supervise a patient's status and progress. This work has two objectives: on the one hand, provide a tool for clinicians to assess the patient's status during CR. On the other hand, there is evidence that robots can motivate patients during therapeutic procedures. Our sensor interface explores the possibility to integrate a robotic agent into cardiac therapy...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735156/adaptive-periodic-paralysis-allows-weaning-deep-sedation-overcoming-the-drowning-syndrome-in-ecmo-patients-bridged-for-lung-transplantation-a-case-series
#15
Irina Timofte, Michael Terrin, Erik Barr, June Kim, Joseph Rinaldi, Nicholas Ladikos, Jay Menaker, Ali Tabatabai, Zachary Kon, Bartley Griffith, Richard Pierson, Si Pham, Aldo Iacono, Daniel Herr
PURPOSE: Sedation in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is challenging. Patients require deep sedation because of extremely high respiratory rates and increased work of breathing ("Drowning Syndrome") resulting in altered intra-thoracic pressure and reduced pump flow associated with hemodynamic compromise and decreased oxygenation. However, deep sedation impedes essential active rehabilitation with physical therapy. METHODS: We reviewed data on 3 ECMO patients for whom we used a novel approach to replace continuous drips with periodic sedation/paralysis...
December 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691420/recent-advances-in-tissue-conditioners-for-prosthetic-treatment-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Barbara Dorocka-Bobkowska, Dominik Medyński, Mariusz Pryliński
Tissue conditioners (TCs) are short-term soft liners, formed in situ from a mixture of a polymer powder and a liquid plasticizer. This article reviews the recent advances in the composition, functions, clinical use, gelation process, and physical properties of TCs and their effects on denture bases and oral mucosa. TCs are used to improve the fit and function of an ill-fitting denture. They can also be used to treat abused mucosal tissues underlying ill-fitting acrylic dentures as temporary expedients. TCs are recommended as provisional liners to maintain the fit of removable dentures and to prevent mechanical irritation from the denture...
July 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654474/excellence-in-promoting-participation-striving-for-the-10-cs-client-centered-care-consideration-of-complexity-collaboration-coaching-capacity-building-contextualization-creativity-community-curricular-changes-and-curiosity
#17
Lisa A Chiarello
Participation of children with physical disabilities is critical to optimizing their life roles and lived experiences. This perspective explores the complex and multidimensional construct of participation and presents recommendations for practice, education, and research to transform pediatric physical therapy service delivery. Two models are reviewed of participation-based service delivery grounded in client-centered care and the principles of coaching to engage clients in their rehabilitation. The roles and responsibilities of the physical therapist and the importance of team collaboration are emphasized...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576270/conservative-management-of-hip-dysplasia
#18
REVIEW
Tisha A M Harper
Hip dysplasia (HD) is a common orthopedic condition seen in small animal patients that leads to osteoarthritis of the coxofemoral joint. The disease can be managed conservatively or surgically. The goals of surgical treatment in the immature patient are to either prevent the clinical signs of HD or to prevent or slow the progression of osteoarthritis. In mature patients surgery is used as a salvage procedure to treat debilitating osteoarthritis. Conservative management can be used in dogs with mild or intermittent clinical signs and includes nutritional management and weight control, exercise modification, physical rehabilitation, pain management and disease-modifying agents...
July 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429339/observational-multicentric-study-on-chronic-sciatic-pain-clinical-data-from-44-italian-centers
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
G A Checchia, G Letizia Mauro, G Morico, A Oriente, C Lisi, V Polimeni, M Lucia, M Ranieri
OBJECTIVE: To provide information on the clinical presentation of sciatic neuropathy and its management in a real-world setting, and to analyze the effects of a multimodal approach based on the association of physical and pharmacological therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicentric observational prospective study was conducted in 44 Italian tertiary centers specialized in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Orthopedics, Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Rheumatology...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359036/treatment-technologies-used-for-the-removal-of-as-cr-cu-pcp-and-or-pcdd-f-from-contaminated-soil-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Karima Guemiza, Lucie Coudert, Sabrine Metahni, Guy Mercier, Simon Besner, Jean-François Blais
The contamination of soils by metals such as arsenic, chromium, copper and organic compounds such as pentachlorophenol (PCP) and dioxins and furans (PCDD/F) is a major problem in industrialized countries. Excavation followed by disposal in an appropriate landfilling is usually used site to manage these contaminated soils. Many researches have been conducted to develop physical, biological, thermal and chemical methods to allow the rehabilitation of contaminated sites. Thermal treatments including thermal desorption seemed to be the most appropriate methods, allowing the removal of more than 99...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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