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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646813/hepatoprotective-activity-of-satwa-an-ayurvedic-formulation-against-alcohol-induced-liver-injury-in-rats
#1
Tejaswi Chavan, Abhijit Ghadge, Manjiri Karandikar, Vijaya Pandit, Prabhakar Ranjekar, Omkar Kulkarni, Aniket Kuvalekar, Nitin Mantri
Context • Guduchi Satwa is an Ayurvedic formulation prepared from Tinospora species. It has been used since ancient times to treat liver disorders. Objectives • The study intended to assess the hepatoprotective potential of Satwa prepared from 3 forms of Tinospora against alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity. Design • Male, albino Wistar rats were divided into 6 groups, with 6 rats each: 3 control groups-healthy controls, negative controls, and positive controls-and 3 intervention groups-Tinospora cordifolia, Tinospora sinensis, and Neem-Guduchi...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646691/what-housing-features-should-inform-the-development-of-housing-solutions-for-adults-with-neurological-disability-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Courtney J Wright, Heidi Zeeman, Elizabeth Kendall, Jennifer A Whitty
Despite the recent emphasis in Australian political, academic, and legislative narratives to more actively promote real housing choice for people with high healthcare and support needs, there is a lack of understanding regarding the specific housing features that might constitute better housing solutions for this population. Inclusive housing provision in Australia rightly emphasises safety and accessibility issues but often fails to incorporate factors related to broader psychosocial elements of housing such as dwelling location, neighbourhood quality, and overall design...
June 21, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645672/percutaneous-pedicle-screw-placement-under-single-dimensional-fluoroscopy-with-a-designed-pedicle-finder-a-technical-note-and-case-series
#3
Fon-Yih Tsuang, Chia-Hsien Chen, Yi-Jie Kuo, Wei-Lung Tseng, Yuan-Shen Chen, Chin-Jung Lin, Chun-Jen Liao, Feng-Huei Lin, Chang-Jung Chiang
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Minimally invasive spine surgery has become increasingly popular in clinical practice, and it offers patients the potential benefits of reduced blood loss, wound pain, and infection risk and also diminishes the loss of working time and length of hospital stay. However, surgeons require more intraoperative fluoroscopy and ionizing radiation exposure during minimally invasive spine surgery for localization, especially for guidance in instrumentation placement. In addition, computer navigation is not accessible in some facility-limited institutions...
June 20, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642957/superacid-promoted-synthesis-of-highly-porous-hypercrosslinked-polycarbazoles-for-efficient-co2-capture
#4
Xiang Zhu, Shunmin Ding, Carter W Abney, Katie L Browning, Robert L Sacci, Gabriel M Veith, Chengcheng Tian, Sheng Dai
A superacid-promoted "knitting" strategy has been developed for the generation of a novel family of hypercrosslinked nanoporous polycarbazoles for efficient CO2 capture. Using trifluoromethanesulfonic acid, a Brønsted superacid, we demonstrate the facile and rapid synthesis of highly porous polycarbazoles with BET surface areas as high as 1688 m(2) g(-1), and capable of adsorbing 3.5 mmol g(-1) of CO2 at 298 K and 1 bar. This impressive result bestows the material with the highest CO2 uptake capacity for all nanoporous carbazolic polymers and ranks among the best by known porous organic polymers under this condition...
June 23, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641586/access-education-and-policy-awareness-predictors-of-influenza-vaccine-acceptance-among-vha-healthcare-workers
#5
Jennifer Lipkowitz Eaton, David C Mohr, Kathleen M McPhaul, Richard A Kaslow, Richard A Martinello
OBJECTIVE To identify predictors of influenza vaccine acceptance among VHA healthcare workers (HCWs), with emphasis on modifiable factors related to promotion campaigns. DESIGN Survey. SETTING National single-payer healthcare system with 140 hospitals and 321,000 HCWs. PARTICIPANTS National voluntary sample of HCWs in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) system. METHODS We invited a random sample of 5% of all VHA HCWs to participate. An 18-item intranet-based survey inquired about occupation, vaccination status, employer policy, and local campaign efforts...
June 23, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640795/progress-toward-containment-of-poliovirus-type-2-worldwide-2017
#6
Nicoletta Previsani, Harpal Singh, Jeanette St Pierre, Liliane Boualam, Jacqueline Fournier-Caruana, Roland W Sutter, Michel Zaffran
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) continues to make progress toward the eradication target. Only one of the three serotypes, wild poliovirus (WPV) type 1 (WPV1), is still circulating, and the numbers of cases and countries with endemic transmission are at record lows. With the certification of wild poliovirus type 2 (WPV2) eradication in 2015 and the global replacement of trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV) containing Sabin poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3 with bivalent OPV containing only Sabin poliovirus types 1 and 3 during April-May 2016, poliovirus type 2 (PV2) is now an eradicated pathogen...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640546/treatment-at-high-volume-facilities-and-academic-centers-is-independently-associated-with-improved-survival-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer
#7
John M David, Allen S Ho, Michael Luu, Emi J Yoshida, Sungjin Kim, Alain C Mita, Kevin S Scher, Stephen L Shiao, Mourad Tighiouart, Zachary S Zumsteg
BACKGROUND: The treatment of head and neck cancers is complex and associated with significant morbidity, requiring multidisciplinary care and physician expertise. Thus, facility characteristics, such as clinical volume and academic status, may influence outcomes. METHODS: The current study included 46,567 patients taken from the National Cancer Data Base who were diagnosed with locally advanced invasive squamous cell carcinomas of the oropharynx, larynx, and hypopharynx and were undergoing definitive radiotherapy...
June 22, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640522/defective-tungsten-oxide-hydrate-nanosheets-for-boosting-aerobic-coupling-of-amines-synergistic-catalysis-by-oxygen-vacancies-and-br%C3%A3-nsted-acid-sites
#8
Ning Zhang, Xiyu Li, Yifei Liu, Ran Long, Mengqiao Li, Shuangming Chen, Zeming Qi, Chengming Wang, Li Song, Jun Jiang, Yujie Xiong
Adsorption and activation of molecules on a surface holds the key to heterogeneous catalysis toward aerobic oxidative reactions. To achieve high catalytic activities, a catalyst surface should be rationally tailored to interact with both organic substrates and oxygen molecules. Here, a facile bottom-up approach to defective tungsten oxide hydrate (WO3 ·H2 O) nanosheets that contain both surface defects and lattice water is reported. The defective WO3 ·H2 O nanosheets exhibit excellent catalytic activity for aerobic coupling of amines to imines...
June 22, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639829/increasing-quiet-compliance-by-detained-male-adolescents
#9
Kristen M Brogan, John T Rapp, Amanda M Niedfeld, Jodi C Coon, Jan L Everhart Newman, Barry R Burkhart
Some adjudicated adolescents receive treatment for their offenses in residential facilities. Detained adolescents' engagement in either low levels of compliant behavior or excess behavior (e.g., swearing, gestures) while following commands from residential personnel may result in decreased opportunities for those youth to access preferred activities. The current study employed nonconcurrent multiple baseline across participants designs to evaluate the effects of a procedure to increase seven detained adolescents' quiet compliance with academic and vocational demands...
June 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639437/ultrasound-assisted-green-economic-synthesis-of-hydroxyapatite-nanoparticles-using-eggshell-bio-waste-and-study-of-mechanical-and-biological-properties-for-orthopaedic-applications
#10
Vijay H Ingole, Kamal Hany Hussein, Anil A Kashale, Kalyani Ghule, Tomaž Vuherer, Vanja Kokol, Jia-Yaw Chang, Yong-Chien Ling, Aruna Vinchurkar, Hom N Dhakal, Anil V Ghule
Nanostructured hydroxyapatite (HAp) is most favorable candidate biomaterial for bone tissue engineering because of its bioactive and osteoconductive properties. Herein, we report for the first time ultrasound assisted facile and economic approach for the synthesis of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (Ca10 (PO4 )6 (OH)2 ) using recycled eggshell bio-waste referred as EHAp. The process involves the reaction of eggshell bio-waste as a source of calcium and ammonium dihydrogen orthophosphate as a phosphate source...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638783/recent-advances-of-activatable-molecular-probes-based-on-semiconducting-polymer-nanoparticles-in-sensing-and-imaging
#11
REVIEW
Yan Lyu, Kanyi Pu
Molecular probes that change their signals in response to the target of interest have a critical role in fundamental biology and medicine. Semiconducting polymer nanoparticles (SPNs) have recently emerged as a new generation of purely organic photonic nanoagents with desirable properties for biological applications. In particular, tunable optical properties of SPNs allow them to be developed into photoluminescence, chemiluminescence, and photoacoustic probes, wherein SPNs usually serve as the energy donor and internal reference for luminescence and photoacoustic probes, respectively...
June 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637454/relationships-of-work-characteristics-to-job-satisfaction-turnover-intention-and-burnout-among-doctors-in-the-district-public-private-mixed-health-system-of-bangladesh
#12
Ashim Roy, Trudy van der Weijden, Nanne de Vries
BACKGROUND: Work design integrates work characteristics having organizational, social and job components which influence employees' welfare and also organizational goals. We investigated the effects of work characteristics and other predictors to job satisfaction, turnover intention, and burnout in doctors of the public primary, public secondary and private facilities of the district health system of Bangladesh. METHODS: A quantitative study using a self-administered questionnaire containing mostly structured items was conducted among the public and private doctors with a sample size of 384 from 29 out of a total 64 districts of Bangladesh during October and November 2015...
June 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637130/community-integration-and-life-satisfaction-among-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-the-community-after-receiving-institutional-care-in-bangladesh
#13
Nayeema Ahmed, Mohammad Morshedul Quadir, Mohammad Akhlasur Rahman, Hasanat Alamgir
PURPOSE: This study reports level of community integration and life satisfaction among individuals who sustained traumatic spinal cord injuries, received institutional rehabilitation care services, and went back to live in the community in Bangladesh. It examines the impact of type of injury, demographic characteristics, socio-economic profile, and secondary health conditions on community integration and life satisfaction and explores the association between these two measures. METHOD: Individuals with spinal cord injury were telephone interviewed by the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed, Bangladesh from February to June of 2014...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636669/exploring-factors-associated-with-art-adherence-and-retention-in-care-under-option-b-strategy-in-malawi-a-qualitative-study
#14
Salem Gugsa, Katy Potter, Hannock Tweya, Sam Phiri, Odala Sande, Pascal Sikwese, Janet Chikonda, Gabrielle O'Malley
Although several studies have documented challenges related to inadequate adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and high loss to follow-up (LTFU) among Option B+ women, there is limited understanding of why these challenges occur and how to address them. This qualitative study examines women's experiences with ART adherence and retention in care. Between July and October 2015, in-depth interviews were conducted with 39 pregnant and lactating women who initiated ART at Bwaila Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636444/a-highly-infectious-disease-care-network-in-the-us-healthcare-system
#15
Aurora B Le, Paul D Biddinger, Philip W Smith, Jocelyn J Herstein, Deborah A Levy, Shawn G Gibbs, John J Lowe
During the 2014-15 Ebola outbreak in West Africa, the United States responded by stratifying hospitals into 1 of 3 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-designated categories-based on the hospital's ability to identify, isolate, assess, and provide care to patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus disease (EVD)-in an attempt to position the US healthcare system to safely isolate and care for potential patients. Now, with the Ebola epidemic quelled, it is crucial that we act on the lessons learned from the EVD response to broaden our national perspective on infectious disease mitigation and management, build on our newly enhanced healthcare capabilities to respond to infectious disease threats, develop a more cost-effective and sustainable model of infectious disease prevention, and continue to foster training so that the nation is not in a vulnerable position once more...
May 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636442/the-national-ebola-training-and-education-center-preparing-the-united-states-for-ebola-and-other-special-pathogens
#16
Christopher J Kratochvil, Laura Evans, Bruce S Ribner, John J Lowe, Melissa Cole Harvey, Richard C Hunt, Abbigail J Tumpey, Ryan P Fagan, Michelle M Schwedhelm, Sonia Bell, John Maher, Colleen S Kraft, Nicholas V Cagliuso, Sharon Vanairsdale, Angela Vasa, Philip W Smith
The National Ebola Training and Education Center (NETEC) was established in 2015 in response to the 2014-2016 Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa. The US Department of Health and Human Services office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention sought to increase the competency of healthcare and public health workers, as well as the capability of healthcare facilities in the United States, to deliver safe, efficient, and effective care to patients infected with Ebola and other special pathogens nationwide...
May 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636323/ultrafast-dynamic-pressure-sensors-based-on-graphene-hybrid-structure
#17
Shanbiao Liu, Xing Wu, Dongdong Zhang, Congwei Guo, Peng Wang, Weida Hu, Xinming Li, Xiaofeng Zhou, Hejun Xu, Chen Luo, Jian Zhang, Jun-Hao Chu
The development of artificial skin is drawing tremendous attention due to its potential applications in sensing a variety of physical quantities, such as tactility, vibration, and temperature. A strain sensor that can mimic and surpass the subtle pressure-sensing properties of natural skin requires rational material design and array-accessible devices. Here, we report a new and facile preparation of a graphene hybrid structure with an ultrafast dynamic pressure response. Graphene oxide nanosheets are used as a surfactant to prevent graphene restacking in aqueous solution...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635987/integrative-review-of-facility-interventions-to-manage-compassion-fatigue-in-oncology-nurses
#18
Dorien Wentzel, Petra Brysiewicz
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Oncology nurses are regularly exposed to high-stress situations that may lead to compassion fatigue, and many institutions have implemented interventions to reduce burnout in nurses, but knowledge on the feasiblity, effectiveness, and nurses' experience of interventions is lacking.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Electronic search of literature published from 1992-2015 was performed to evaluate in-facility interventions to manage compassion fatigue in oncology nurses...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633813/multi-stimuli-responsive-smart-chitosan-based-microcapsules-for-targeted-drug-delivery-and-triggered-drug-release
#19
Xuejun Cui, Xinyu Guan, Shuangling Zhong, Jie Chen, Houjuan Zhu, Zhanfeng Li, Fengzhi Xu, Peng Chen, Hongyan Wang
In the present study, we designed a novel, multi-stimuli responsive, biocompatible and non-immunogenic smart carrier for targeted delivery and triggered release of hydrophobic drugs. The designed multi-stimuli responsive smart chitosan-based microcapsules (MSRS-CS-MCs) have been fabricated successfully from folic acid (FA) functionalized thiolated chitosan via a facile sonochemical method. Targeting moiety FA and red fluorescent dye (Rhodamine B isothiocyanate, RITC) were immobilized onto the shells of microcapsules...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633636/typology-of-birth-centres-in-the-netherlands-using-the-rainbow-model-of-integrated-care-results-of-the-dutch-birth-centre-study
#20
Inge C Boesveld, Marc A Bruijnzeels, Marit Hitzert, Marieke A A Hermus, Karin M van der Pal-de Bruin, M Elske van den Akker-van Marle, Eric A P Steegers, Arie Franx, Raymond G de Vries, Therese A Wiegers
BACKGROUND: The goal of integrated care is to offer a continuum of care that crosses the boundaries of public health, primary, secondary, and tertiary care. Integrated care is increasingly promoted for people with complex needs and has also recently been promoted in maternity care systems to improve the quality of care. Especially when located near an obstetric unit, birth centres are considered to be ideal settings for the realization of integrated care. At present, however, we know very little about the degree of integration in these centres and we do not know if increased levels of integration improve the quality of the care delivered...
June 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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