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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143899/headache-in-resource-limited-settings
#1
REVIEW
Yohannes W Woldeamanuel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the unmet need of headache burden and management in resource-limited settings. It provides a general overview of the nuances and peculiarities of headache disorders in resource-limited settings. The review delivers perspectives and explanations for the emerging burden of both primary and secondary headache disorders. Important discussion on demographic and epidemiologic transition pertinent to low-resource settings is included. A critical analysis of headache disorders is made within the context of growing burden non-communicable disorders in low-resource countries...
November 16, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142586/determinants-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-infants-less-than-six-months-of-age-in-hawassa-an-urban-setting-ethiopia
#2
Bethlihem Adugna, Henok Tadele, Fekadu Reta, Yifru Berhan
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life. However, the proportion of EBF in Ethiopia is 58%. The EBF practice and factors affecting it have not been studied in Hawassa, Southern Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinants of EBF practice among infants less than six months age in Hawassa city, Ethiopia. Methods: A total of 529 mothers with infants aged 0-6 months were involved in this study between November 2015 and January 2016...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141144/engineering-interface-with-one-dimensional-co3o4-nanostructure-in-catalytic-membrane-electrode-towards-an-advanced-electrocatalyst-for-alcohol-oxidation
#3
Zhen Yin, Yumei Zheng, Hong Wang, Jianxin Li, Qingjun Zhu, Ye Wang, Na Ma, Gang Hu, Benqiao He, Axel Knop-Gericke, Robert Schloegl, Ding Ma
Electrochemical oxidation has attracted vast interests as a promising alternative to traditional chemical processes in fine chemical synthesis owing to its fast and sustainable features. An electrocatalytic membrane reactor (ECMR) with a three-dimensional (3D) electrode has been successfully designed for the selective oxidation of alcohols with high current efficiency to the corresponding acids or ketones. The anode electrode was fabricated by the in-situ loading of one-dimensional (1D) Co3O4 nanowires (NWs) on the conductive porous Ti membrane (Co3O4 NWs/Ti) via the combination of a facile hydrothermal synthesis and subsequent thermal treatment...
November 15, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137937/design-synthesis-and-evaluation-of-3-arylidene-azetidin-2-ones-as-potential-antifungal-agents-against-alternaria-solani-sorauer
#4
Wang Delong, Wu Yongling, Wang Lanying, Feng Juntao, Zhang Xing
A new concise and facile method was explored to synthesize a collection of new 3-arylidene azetidin-2-ones, which could be regarded as the derivatives of the hybrid scaffold of bioactive natural cinnamamide and heterocycle azetidi-2-one. The structures of the synthesized compounds were characterized by (1)H, (13)C NMR, and MS; and their antifungal activity were evaluated against Alternaria solani Sorauer. These antifungal data were subjected to a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis using Codessa software on the basis of the results from B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) quantum calculations...
November 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136588/a-facile-way-to-fabricate-manganese-phosphate-self-assembled-carbon-networks-as-efficient-electrochemical-catalysts-for-real-time-monitoring-of-superoxide-anions-released-from-hepg2-cells
#5
Xuan Cai, Libo Shi, Wenqian Sun, Hongli Zhao, Hong Li, Haiyan He, Minbo Lan
Quantification of superoxide anions (O2(•-)) is significant in the monitoring of many serious diseases and the design of enzyme-mimic catalysts plays the main role in the development of non-enzymatic O2(•-) sensors. Herein, we proposed a facile self-assembly process to synthesize manganese phosphate modified carbon networks using three kinds of widely-used carbon materials (MWCNTs, NGS and GO) as pillar connectors. Characterizations demonstrate that manganese phosphate is widely dispersed inside and on the surface of carbon networks without visible morphology...
November 6, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136551/efficient-and-relatively-safe-emulsification-microextraction-using-a-deep-eutectic-solvent-for-influential-enrichment-of-trace-main-anti-depressant-drugs-from-complicated-samples
#6
Ahmad Ghoochani Moghadam, Maryam Rajabi, Alireza Asghari
In this research work, an efficient, facile, prompt, and relatively safe enrichment procedure, named as air agitated-emulsification microextraction based on a low density-deep eutectic solvent (AA-EME-LD-DES), was applied for the first time to separate trace amounts of the drugs escitalopram, desipramine, and imipramine from complex sample solutions. This bio-degradable and cheap choline chloride-based extracting agent was readily prepared by the easy blending process at the ambient temperature, resulting in a eutectic liquid mixture with distinct features...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136001/a-combination-intervention-strategy-to-improve-linkage-to-and-retention-in-hiv-care-following-diagnosis-in-mozambique-a-cluster-randomized-study
#7
Batya Elul, Matthew R Lamb, Maria Lahuerta, Fatima Abacassamo, Laurence Ahoua, Stephanie A Kujawski, Maria Tomo, Ilesh Jani
BACKGROUND: Concerning gaps in the HIV care continuum compromise individual and population health. We evaluated a combination intervention strategy (CIS) targeting prevalent barriers to timely linkage and sustained retention in HIV care in Mozambique. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In this cluster-randomized trial, 10 primary health facilities in the city of Maputo and Inhambane Province were randomly assigned to provide the CIS or the standard of care (SOC). The CIS included point-of-care CD4 testing at the time of diagnosis, accelerated ART initiation, and short message service (SMS) health messages and appointment reminders...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135727/comparative-cost-analysis-of-single-and-mutli-stage-temporal-deformity-correction-following-neurosurgical-procedures
#8
Anthony Asemota, Gabriel F Santiago, Susan Zhong, Chad R Gordon
PURPOSE: Temporal hollowing deformity (THD) is a visible concavity/convexity in the temporal fossa; a complication often seen following neurosurgical/craniofacial procedures. Although numerous techniques have been described, no study to date has shown the healthcare costs associated with temporal hollowing correction surgery. Thus, the purpose here is to compare and contrast the direct costs related to temporal cranioplasty using various methods including: liquid poly-methyl-methacrylate (PMMA) implants with screw fixation, prebent, modified titanium mesh implants, and customized cranial implants (CCIs) with dual-purpose design...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135621/efficacy-of-implementation-of-a-chest-pain-center-at-a-community-hospital
#9
Alexandra Davis, Jason Chiu, Stanley K Lau, Yih Jen Kok, Jonathan Y H Wu
INTRODUCTION: Chest pain is the second leading cause for emergency department (ED) visits in the United States; however, <20% of the patients have acute coronary syndrome that require immediate attention. The HEART score is designed for rapid risk stratification of ED chest pain patients using the following criteria: history, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors, and troponin. It has been shown to be superior in identifying patients with low (HEART score 0-3) and high (7-10) risk of major adverse cardiac events, who can then be rapidly discharged or admitted for intervention...
December 2017: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135221/superhydrophobic-low-hysteresis-patterning-chemistry-for-water-drop-manipulation
#10
Ting Dong, Thomas J McCarthy
A method for preparing superhydrophobic surfaces containing guiding lines that control water motion is described. The background surfaces exhibit contact angles of A/R = 173°/171° and the guiding lines are also hydrophobic (A/R = 104°/102°). The low contact angle hysteresis allows facile water motion. The sequence of steps used to prepare these surfaces is central to their success, was designed to minimize defects, and involves only two inexpensive and fluorine-free reagents: methyltrichlorosilane and dimethyldichlorosilane...
November 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132363/women-s-autonomy-and-maternal-healthcare-service-utilization-in-ethiopia
#11
Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun-Yang Chuang, Ying-Chih Chuang
BACKGROUND: Most previous studies on healthcare service utilization in low-income countries have not used a multilevel study design to address the importance of community-level women's autonomy. We assessed whether women's autonomy, measured at both individual and community levels, is associated with maternal healthcare service utilization in Ethiopia. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2005 and 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Surveys (N = 6058 and 7043, respectively) for measuring women's decision-making power and permissive gender norms associated with wife beating...
November 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132329/determinants-of-patterns-of-maternal-and-child-health-service-utilization-in-a-rural-community-in-south-eastern-nigeria
#12
C C Agunwa, I E Obi, A C Ndu, I B Omotowo, C A Idoko, A K Umeobieri, E C Aniwada
BACKGROUND: Women and children constitute a large proportion of any population. They are the most vulnerable to morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries. In many situations the problem of poor maternal and child health stems from the poor use of available services even when they are not of optimum quality. This study seeks to describe the patterns of utilization of Maternal and Child health (MCH) services in a rural area of Enugu State, and identify factors that are associated with and responsible for determining them...
November 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132270/occupational-exposure-attitude-to-hiv-positive-patients-and-uptake-of-hiv-counselling-and-testing-among-health-care-workers-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-nigeria
#13
Modupe O Onadeko, Mary O Balogun, Olanrewaju O Onigbogi, Folashade O Omokhodion
Health care workers (HCWs) are at risk of occupational exposure to HIV. Their attitude to HIV-positive patients influences patients' willingness and ability to access quality care. HIV counselling and testing (HCT) services are available to inform HCWs and patients about their status. There is little information about HCT uptake and attitude to HIV-positive patients among HCWs in tertiary health facilities in Nigeria. The aim of this study was to determine occupational exposure and attitude to HIV-positive patients and level of uptake of HCT services among HCWs in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132064/patients-and-caregivers-contributions-for-differentiating-epileptic-from-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-value-and-limitations-of-self-reporting-questionnaires-a-pilot-study
#14
Giuseppe Erba, Elisa Bianchi, Giorgia Giussani, John Langfitt, Adam Juersivich, Ettore Beghi
PURPOSE: Questionnaires investigating semiology and comorbidities of psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) have been used mainly to help physicians expedite referrals to epilepsy centres for confirmation of diagnosis rather than as alternative diagnostic tool when video-EEG monitoring (VEM), the current gold standard, is not available or is inconclusive. METHODS: We developed one structured questionnaire for patients, exploring subjective experiences and vulnerabilities and one for eyewitnesses, focused on features observable during typical events to study prospectively 50 consecutive adult patients with PNES or epileptic seizures (ES) admitted for VEM...
November 8, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131868/design-of-the-smart-home-system-based-on-the-optimal-routing-algorithm-and-zigbee-network
#15
Dengying Jiang, Ling Yu, Fei Wang, Xiaoxia Xie, Yongsheng Yu
To improve the traditional smart home system, its electric wiring, networking technology, information transmission and facility control are studied. In this paper, we study the electric wiring, networking technology, information transmission and facility control to improve the traditional smart home system. First, ZigBee is used to replace the traditional electric wiring. Second, a network is built to connect lots of wireless sensors and facilities, thanks to the capability of ZigBee self-organized network and Genetic Algorithm-Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm (GA-PSOA) to search for the optimal route...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131730/psychological-benefits-of-yoga-for-female-inmates
#16
Yoika Danielly, Colin Silverthorne
Female inmates involved in the Yoga Prison Project at two correctional facilities in South Carolina served as subjects. Inmates were selected from those who applied to participate in a ten-week trauma-focused yoga program. To create control and experimental groups, inmates who requested to participate were randomly assigned to be in the class (Treatment Group, n = 33) or a waitlist (Control Group, n = 17). Inmates on the waitlist subsequently joined the next class, so all who applied and were eligible participated in a yoga class...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130765/microbiological-profile-of-three-commercial-poultry-processing-plants-in-colombia
#17
Alejandra Ramírez-Hernández, Andrea Varón-García, Marcos X Sánchez-Plata
Poultry meat production in Colombia has significant growth potential to fulfill national demands and to become an important global exporter. Entering export markets requires compliance with international food safety standards and the support of a rigorous national inspection system. To support the development of national standards, information about the microbiological profiles of poultry operations is needed, and no official microbiological baseline is currently available. A total of 480 chicken carcass rinses and 64 fecal samples were collected at different process sites from three commercial poultry processing establishments located in different regions of Colombia...
December 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130440/development-and-pilot-evaluation-of-a-novel-theory-based-intervention-to-encourage-help-seeking-for-adult-hearing-loss
#18
Gabrielle H Saunders, Melissa T Frederick, ShienPei C Silverman, Claus Nielsen, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque
BACKGROUND: Health behavior theories can provide an understanding of hearing health behaviors and, more importantly, can be used to develop theoretically based strategies to change these health behaviors. PURPOSE: To develop a theory-based brief intervention to increase help-seeking for adult hearing loss and to conduct a pilot study to evaluate its feasibility, effectiveness, and impact on hearing beliefs and behaviors. RESEARCH DESIGN: An intervention was designed that could be easily administered by a health-care provider who does not have expertise in audiology-such as a primary care physician, community nurse, or social worker...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130405/what-is-the-role-of-community-at-the-end-of-life-for-people-dying-in-advanced-age-a-qualitative-study-with-bereaved-family-carers
#19
Merryn Gott, Janine Wiles, Tess Moeke-Maxwell, Stella Black, Lisa Williams, Ngaire Kerse, Gabriella Trussardi
BACKGROUND: New public health approaches to palliative care prioritise the role of community at end of life. However, little is known about community support for the increasing numbers of people dying in advanced age. AIM: To explore the role of community at end of life for people dying in advanced age from the perspective of their bereaved family caregivers. DESIGN: A constructionist framework underpinned a qualitative research design. Data were analysed using critical thematic analysis...
October 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128716/smartphone-based-bioanalytical-and-diagnosis-applications-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Suvardhan Kanchi, Myalowenkosi I Sabela, Phumlane Selby Mdluli, Inamuddin, Krishna Bisetty
A smartphone is a facile, handy-analytical device that makes our lives comfortable and stress-free in terms of health care diagnostic assessments. Due to recent advancements in the technology and the introduction of user friendly operating systems and applications, the smartphones have replaced laptops and desktop computers. Taking this fact into account, researchers have designed sensing systems which are more compatible with smartphones. Consequently, these devices are attracting the attention of researchers from fields such as telemedicine, biotechnology, chemical sciences and environmental sciences...
November 6, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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