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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743064/health-status-and-mobility-limitations-are-associated-with-residential-and-employment-status-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#1
M Strassnig, D Cornacchio, P D Harvey, R Kotov, L Fochtmann, E J Bromet
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BP) are linked to multiple impairments in everyday functioning which share cognitive and symptom risk factors. Other risk factors for critical aspects of every day functioning (e.g., gainful employment; residential independence) such as physical health have not been evaluated, despite poor health in SCZ and BP. METHODS: We analyzed 20-year follow-up data from the Suffolk County Mental Health Project cohort of consecutive first admissions with a psychotic disorder to 12 psychiatric facilities in Suffolk County, NY, between September 1989 and December 1995...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742987/caring-for-children-while-working-in-agriculture-the-perspective-of-farmworker-parents
#2
Amy K Liebman, Juliana Simmons, Marsha Salzwedel, Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, Barbara Lee
Access to safe, off-farm childcare is often a challenge for farmworkers with young children and is likely to become an increasingly salient barrier as more agricultural workers migrate together with families and as the number of women entering the agricultural workforce increases. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries, and the presence of young children in the workplace puts them at risk. To better understand the current nature of childcare for farmworker families and the challenges to accessing services, this project facilitated in-person surveys with 132 parents in three communities in Florida...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742925/a-capabilities-approach-to-environmental-impact-on-nursing-home-resident-quality-of-life
#3
Whitney Thurman, Tracie C Harrison, Shelley A Blozis, Michelle Dionne-Vahalik, Sharilyn Mead
Nursing homes are the major provider of intermediate and long-term care outside of the hospital setting to individuals whose capacity for self-care is limited due to physical or cognitive impairments. Yet, despite their need for assistance, residents of nursing homes want to control their lives, set their routines, and do enjoyable things. The extent to which residents can maintain autonomy and dignity is important. The current study suggests an environmental gerontological framework, rooted in a capabilities approach, that can be used to consider environmental impact on quality of life in nursing homes...
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742829/community-burden-of-undiagnosed-hiv-infection-among-adolescents-in-zimbabwe-following-primary-healthcare-based-provider-initiated-hiv-testing-and-counselling-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Victoria Simms, Ethel Dauya, Subathira Dakshina, Tsitsi Bandason, Grace McHugh, Shungu Munyati, Prosper Chonzi, Katharina Kranzer, Getrude Ncube, Collen Masimirembwa, Roslyn Thelingwani, Tsitsi Apollo, Richard Hayes, Helen A Weiss, Rashida A Ferrand
BACKGROUND: Children living with HIV who are not diagnosed in infancy often remain undiagnosed until they present with advanced disease. Provider-initiated testing and counselling (PITC) in health facilities is recommended for high-HIV-prevalence settings, but it is unclear whether this approach is sufficient to achieve universal coverage of HIV testing. We aimed to investigate the change in community burden of undiagnosed HIV infection among older children and adolescents following implementation of PITC in Harare, Zimbabwe...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742824/how-do-rehomed-laboratory-beagles-behave-in-everyday-situations-results-from-an-observational-test-and-a-survey-of-new-owners
#5
Dorothea Döring, Ophelia Nick, Alexander Bauer, Helmut Küchenhoff, Michael H Erhard
When laboratory dogs are rehomed into private households, they experience an extreme change in their life situation. They leave their familiar, limited environment in the research facility and encounter a multitude of animate and inanimate stimuli in their new home. Although literature reports have described the experiences with rehoming as being mostly positive, scientific observations of the dogs in everyday situations have not been done. Hence, we conducted an observational test with 74 laboratory beagles 6 weeks after adoption in their new homes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742602/is-there-a-relationship-between-the-functional-movement-screen-star-excursion-balance-test-and-balance-error-scoring-system
#6
Nicole D Harshbarger, Barton E Anderson, Kenneth C Lam
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between the Functional Movement Screen (FMS), Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), and Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) scores. DESIGN: Correlational. SETTING: College athletic training facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-two intercollegiate athletes (men = 36 and women = 16) representing 8 sports and cleared for unrestricted sport participation. INTERVENTIONS: Participants completed the FMS, SEBT, and BESS, in random order, during 1 testing session...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742457/epidemic-network-analysis-for-mitigation-of-invasive-pathogens-in-seed-systems-potato-in-ecuador
#7
Christopher Buddenhagen, John Hernandez Nopsa, Kelsey F Andersen, Jorge Andrade-Piedra, Greg Forbes, Peter Kromann, Sara Thomas-Sharma, Pilar Useche, Karen A Garrett
Seed systems have an important role in the distribution of high quality seed and improved varieties. The structure of seed networks also helps to determine the epidemiological risk for seedborne disease. We present a new method for evaluating the epidemiological role of nodes in seed networks, and apply it to a regional potato farmer consortium (CONPAPA) in Ecuador. We surveyed farmers to estimate the structure of networks of farmer seed tuber and ware potato transactions, and farmer information sources about pest and disease management...
July 25, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742434/use-of-regional-anesthesia-techniques-analysis-of-institutional-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocols-for-colorectal-surgery
#8
Erik M Helander, Michael P Webb, Meghan Bias, Edward E Whang, Alan D Kaye, Richard D Urman
INTRODUCTION: Principles of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS(®)) protocols are well established, with the primary goal of optimizing perioperative care and recovery. The use of multimodal analgesia is a key component of these protocols, including regional analgesia techniques such as thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA), transversus abdominis plane (TAP), rectus sheath blocks or continuous wound infiltration (CWI)/catheters, and spinal anesthesia. We compare and contrast regional anesthesia approaches in different institutional colorectal surgery ERAS protocols...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742427/a-comparison-of-multimodal-analgesic-approaches-in-institutional-eras-protocols-for-colorectal-surgery-pharmacological-agents
#9
Erik M Helander, Michael P Webb, Meghan Bias, Edward E Whang, Alan D Kaye, Richard D Urman
INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS(®)) protocols are the cornerstone of improved recovery after colorectal surgery. Their implementation leads to reduced morbidity and shorter hospital stays while attenuating the surgical stress response. Multimodal analgesia is an important part of ERAS protocols. We compared and contrasted protocols from 15 institutions to test our hypothesis that there is a fundamental consensus among them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ERAS protocols for open and laparoscopic colorectal surgery were compared from 15 different healthcare facilities...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742418/health-risk-behavior-among-justice-involved-male-and-female-youth-exploratory-multi-group-latent-class-analysis
#10
Richard Dembo, Jessica Faber, Jennifer Cristiano, Ralph J DiClemente, Julie M Krupa, Asha Terminello, Jennifer Wareham
BACKGROUND: Youth involved in the juvenile justice system experience a disproportionate prevalence of serious mental health issues, substance abuse, and are at an increased risk of engaging in risky sexual practices. Gender differences exist, with girls at a markedly greater risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease. OBJECTIVES: The present study seeks to determine if there are subgroups of male and female youth who differ in their health risk behavior. If so, do any male or female subgroups at different levels of health risk differ in regard to their sociodemographic and psychological factors, and finally, what are intervention/service delivery implications of these differences...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742397/morbidity-in-the-mountainous-province-of-kyrgyzstan-results-from-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#11
Nurlan Brimkulov, Louis Louton, Salima Sydykova, Denis Vinnikov, Farida Imanalieva
Brimkulov, Nurlan, Louis Louton, Salima Sydykova, Denis Vinnikov, and Farida Imanalieva. Morbidity in the mountainous Province of Kyrgyzstan: results from a population-based cross-sectional study. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2017.-The aim of this study was to identify the main causes of using primary care facilities in the mountainous Naryn Province of Kyrgyzstan to set resources allocation priorities. We collected data on all admissions to family doctors in three Family Medical Centers (FMCs) in Naryn Province: (1) the city of Naryn (2200 meters above sea level [MASL]); (2) the town of At-Bashy (3200 MASL); and the town of Kochkor (1800 MASL) by using an original questionnaire during one full week (5 days) in spring 2016...
July 25, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742224/synthesis-of-unimolecular-micelles-with-incorporated-hyperbranched-boltorn-h30-polyester-modified-with-hyperbranched-helical-poly-phenyl-isocyanide-chains-and-their-enantioselective-crystallization-performance
#12
Zhi-Huang Zhang, Chen-Yang Qiao, Jian Zhang, Wen-Ming Zhang, Jun Yin, Zong-Quan Wu
Here, the fabrication of unimolecular micelles functionalized with helical polymeric chains as a chiral nucleating agent in enantioselective crystallization is reported. Starting from a fractionated hyperbranched polyester (Boltorn H30), the ring-opening polymerization of l-lactic acid (LLA) and subsequent terminal-group modification affords the alkyne-Pd(II)-anchored hyperbranched macroinitiator (H30-PLLA-Pd). By taking advantage of a Pd(II)-catalyzed living polymerization of chiral pendant modified l- or d-phenyl isocyanide (PI) monomers, well-defined chiral unimolecular micelles (H30-PLLA-PPI) grafted with radiating helical PPI coronas of one predominant screw sense are obtained...
July 25, 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741950/route-to-3-amidino-indoles-via-pd-ii-catalyzed-c-h-bond-activation
#13
Jonas Rydfjord, Bobo Skillinghaug, Peter Brandt, Luke R Odell, Mats Larhed
We report a facile synthesis of 3-amidino indoles from indoles and cyanamides. The reaction is Pd(II)-catalyzed and proceeds via C-H bond activation of the indole in its 3-position followed by a 1,2-addition of the resulting indole-palladium σ-complex to a cyanamide, which provides the corresponding amidine. The preference for 4,5-diazafluoren-9-one (DAF) as the ligand is investigated using DFT calculations, and a plausible reaction pathway is presented.
July 25, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741937/lanthanide-organophosphate-spiro-polymers-synthesis-structure-and-magnetocaloric-effect-in-the-gadolinium-polymer
#14
Sandeep K Gupta, Gulzar A Bhat, Ramaswamy Murugavel
Spirocyclic lanthanide organophosphate polymers, {[Ln(dipp)(dippH)(CH3OH)(H2O)2](CH3OH)2}n [Ln = La (1), Ce (2), Pr (3), Nd (4), Sm (5), Eu (6), Gd (7), Tb (8), Dy (9), Ho (10), Er (11)], have been prepared from the reaction of Ln(NO3)3·xH2O with sterically hindered 2,6-diisopropylphenyl phosphate (dippH2) using aqueous NaOH as the base. The one-dimensional chainlike lanthanide (III) organophosphate coordination polymers have been characterized with the aid of analytical and spectroscopic methods. The single crystal structure determination of polymers (2-5 and 7-11) reveals that in these compounds the hydrophobic organic groups of the phosphate provide a protective coating for the inorganic lanthanide phosphate polymeric chain...
July 25, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741895/a-doubly-boron-doped-perylene-by-n-heterocylic-carbene-borenium-hydroboration-c-h-borylation-dehydrogenation
#15
Jeffrey M Farrell, David Schmidt, Vincenzo Grande, Frank Würthner
Reaction of an N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC)-borenium ion with 9,10-distyrylanthracene forms four B-C bonds through two selective, tandem hydroboration-electrophilic C-H borylations to yield an isolable, crystallographically characterizable polycyclic diborenium ion as its [NTf2]- salt (1). Dehydrogenation of 1 with TEMPO radical followed by acidic workup yields a 3,9-diboraperylene as its corresponding borinic acid (2). This sequence can be performed in one pot to allow the facile, metal-free conversion of an alkene to a small molecule containing a boron-doped graphene substructure...
July 25, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741842/a-cu-pd-synergistic-dual-catalysis-for-enantioselective-allylic-alkylation-of-aldimine-esters-a-facile-access-to-alpha-alpha-disubstituted-alpha-amino-acids
#16
Chun-Jiang Wang, Liang Wei, Shi-Ming Xu, Qiao Zhu, Chao Che
An unprecedented enantioselective allylic alkylation of readily-available aldimine esters has been developed, which was efficiently catalyzed by a Cu/Pd synergistic dual catalyst. This strategy provides a facile access to nonproteinogenic alpha,alpha-disubstituted alpha-amino acids (alpha-AAs) in high yield with excellent enantioselectivity. The more challenging double allylic allylation of glycinate derived imine esters could also be realized. Furthermore, this methodology was applied for the construction of the key intermediate of PLG peptidomimetics...
July 25, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741809/ferrocene-based-hyperbranched-polytriazoles-synthesis-by-click-polymerization-and-application-as-precursors-to-nanostructured-magnetoceramics
#17
Hongkun Li, Weiwen Chi, Yajing Liu, Wei Yuan, Yaowen Li, Yongfang Li, Ben Zhong Tang
Ferrocene-based polymers have drawn much attention in the past decades due to their unique properties and promising applications. However, the synthesis of hyperbranched polymers is still a great challenge. Here, two ferrocene-based hyperbranched polytriazoles with high molecular weights are facilely prepared by the click polymerization reactions of ferrocene-containing diazides (1) and tris(4-ethynylphenyl)amine (2) using Cu(PPh3 )3 Br as catalyst in dimethylformamide at 60 °C for 5 and 9 h in satisfactory yields of 54...
July 25, 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741752/what-does-it-cost-to-feed-aged-care-residents-in-australia
#18
Cherie Hugo, Elisabeth Isenring, David Sinclair, Ekta Agarwal
AIM: Funding cuts to the aged care industry impact catering budgets and aged care staffing levels, which may in turn affect the nutritional status of aged care residents. This paper reports average food expenditure and trends in Australian residential aged care facilities (RACFs). METHODS: This is a retrospective study collecting RACFs' economic outlay data through a quarterly online survey conducted over the 2015 and 2016 financial years. RESULTS: Data were compiled from 817 RACFs, representing 64 256 residential beds and 23 million bed-days Australia-wide...
July 25, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741740/ultrafine-fine-and-black-carbon-particle-concentrations-in-california-child-care-facilities
#19
Fraser W Gaspar, Randy Maddalena, Jeffery Williams, Rosemary Castorina, Zhong-Min Wang, Kazukiyo Kumagai, Thomas E McKone, Asa Bradman
Although many U.S. children spend time in child care, little information exists on exposures to airborne particulate matter (PM) in this environment, even though PM may be associated with asthma and other respiratory illness, which is a key concern for young children. To address this data gap, we measured ultrafine particles (UFP), PM2.5 , PM10 , and black carbon in 40 California child care facilities and examined associations with potential determinants. We also tested a low-cost optical particle measuring device (Dylos monitor)...
July 25, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741678/recent-advances-of-microbial-breeding-via-heavy-ion-mutagenesis-at-imp
#20
REVIEW
Wei Hu, Wenjian Li, Jihong Chen
Nowadays, the value of heavy ion mutagenesis has been accepted as a novel powerful mutagen technique to generate new microbial mutants due to its high linear energy transfer (LET) and high relative biological effectiveness (RBE). This paper briefly reviews recent progress in developing a more efficient mutagenesis technique for microbial breeding using heavy-ion mutagenesis, and also presents the outline of the beam line for microbial breeding in Heavy Ion Research Facility of Lanzhou (HIRFL). Then, new insights into microbial biotechnology via heavy-ion mutagenesis are also further explored...
July 25, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
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