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Carol J Howe, Donelle M Barnes, Griselle B Estrada, Ignacio Godinez
Hispanics who speak Spanish are at risk for low health literacy. We evaluated Spanish language hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus (DM) patient education materials from U.S. federal agency public sector sources using the Suitability of Assessment (SAM) instrument. Mean readability for HTN materials was grade 7.9 and for DM materials was grade 6.6. Mean SAM score for HTN materials was 43.9 and for DM materials was 63.2. SAM scores were significantly better for DM than for HTN materials in overall score, content, graphics, layout, stimulation/motivation, and cultural appropriateness (p < ...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
Laetitia Claverie, Anne Ille, Pierre Moretto
The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of discrete sensors under the footprint for accurate plantar pressure analyses. For this purpose, two different sensor layouts have been tested and compared, to determine which was the most accurate to monitor plantar pressure with wireless devices in research and/or clinical practice. Ten healthy volunteers participated in the study (age range: 23-58 years). The barycenter of pressures (BoP) determined from the plantar pressure system (W-inshoe®) was compared to the center of pressures (CoP) determined from a force platform (AMTI) in the medial-lateral (ML) and anterior-posterior (AP) directions...
October 10, 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
Dong Jin Lee, G Mohan Kumar, P Ilanchezhiyan, Jae-Chul Lee, Sung Ryong Ryu, Tae Won Kang
Nowadays, solid-state inorganic-organic hybrid solar cells based on one-dimensional (1D) inorganic semiconducting nanostructures and organic polymers are believed to offer convincing solutions for the realm of next generation solar cells. In this regard, 1D ZnCdS nanowire (NW) arrays were fabricated on transparent conducting substrates through a catalyst free co-evaporation method and their wurtzite structural characteristics, 1D morphological layout and valence state/composition were studied in detail using X-ray diffraction, high-resolution electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Ilgin Acar, Steven E Butt
Balancing workload among nurses on a hospital unit is important for the satisfaction and safety of nurses and patients. To balance nurse workloads, direct patient care activities, indirect patient care activities, and non-patient care activities that occur throughout a shift must be considered. The layout of a hospital unit and the location of a nurse's assigned patients relative to other resources on the unit are also important factors in achieving workload balance. In most hospitals, a unit charge nurse is responsible for the shift assignment of patients to nurses based on experience and past practices...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Hang Xu, Damiano Pasini
The coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of architected materials, as opposed to that of conventional solids, can be tuned to zero by intentionally altering the geometry of their structural layout. Existing material architectures, however, achieve CTE tunability only with a sacrifice in structural efficiency, i.e. a drop in both their stiffness to mass ratio and strength to mass ratio. In this work, we elucidate how to resolve the trade-off between CTE tunability and structural efficiency and present a lightweight bi-material architecture that not only is stiffer and stronger than other 3D architected materials, but also has a highly tunable CTE...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
B Boisseau, B Perrouin-Verbe, N Le Guillanton, I Derrendinger, A-S Riteau, B Idiard-Chamois, N Winer
OBJECTIVES: Updating knowledge of health professionals about pregnant women with spinal cord injuries. Development of maternity hospitals to make them accessible to spinal cord injured pregnant women to improve their care in pre-, per- and post-partum. METHODS: Cross-sectional declarative study based on a questionnaire distributed to health professionals in the maternity hospital of the University Hospital of Nantes and liberal midwives of Nantes conurbation, based on their knowledge, their difficulties and their expectations for obstetrical care for spinal cord injured women...
October 6, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
A Durazzo, O Boccara, S Fraitag, T Fusade, A Picard, N Kadlub
INTRODUCTION: "Café au lait" spots (CLS) are pigmented skin lesions principally located at the trunk and the limbs. Histologically, CLSs consist in an excessive pigmentation of the epidermis, with no risk of malignant transformation. The "kissing" nevus is a rare pigmented congenital nevus affecting both lower and upper eyelids in a mirror layout. As other nevi, it presents a theoretical risk of malignant transformation. These two pigmented lesions are responsible for aesthetic discomfort when affecting the face...
October 4, 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Jingcheng Xu, Gang Zhao, Xiangfeng Huang, Haobo Guo, Wei Liu
According to the characteristics of the reverse osmosis concentrate (ROC) generated from Iron and Steel Company, we used three sets of parallel horizontal subsurface flow (HSF) constructed wetlands with different plants and substrate layouts to treat the high salinty wastewater. The plant growth and removal efficiencies under saline condition were evaluated. The evaluation was based entirely on routinely-collected water quality data, physical and chemical characteristics of the plants (Phragmites australis, Typha latifolia, Iris wilsonii, and Scirpus planiculmis)...
August 11, 2016: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Tomoko Imura, Tomohiro Masuda, Yuji Wada, Masaki Tomonaga, Katsunori Okajima
Colour vision in primates is believed to be an adaptation for finding ripe fruit and young leaves. The contribution of the luminance distribution, which influences how humans evaluate the freshness of food, has not been explored with respect to the detection of subtle distinctions in food quality in non-human primates. We examined how chimpanzees, which are closely related to humans, perceive the freshness of foods. The findings suggest that chimpanzees were able to choose fresher cabbage based on both colour and grey-scale images...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Junxiao Wang, Xiaorui Wang, Shenglu Zhou, Shaohua Wu, Yan Zhu, Chunfeng Lu
With China's rapid economic development, the reduction in arable land has emerged as one of the most prominent problems in the nation. The long-term dynamic monitoring of arable land quality is important for protecting arable land resources. An efficient practice is to select optimal sample points while obtaining accurate predictions. To this end, the selection of effective points from a dense set of soil sample points is an urgent problem. In this study, data were collected from Donghai County, Jiangsu Province, China...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jing Zhang, Kenneth B Storey
BACKGROUND: Statistical analysis and data visualization are two crucial aspects in molecular biology and biology. For analyses that compare one dependent variable between standard (e.g., control) and one or multiple independent variables, a comprehensive yet highly streamlined solution is valuable. The computer programming language R is a popular platform for researchers to develop tools that are tailored specifically for their research needs. Here we present an R package RBioplot that takes raw input data for automated statistical analysis and plotting, highly compatible with various molecular biology and biochemistry lab techniques, such as, but not limited to, western blotting, PCR, and enzyme activity assays...
2016: PeerJ
Mattia Siciliano, Gabriella Santangelo, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Giuseppe Basile, Fausta Piscopo, Dario Grossi, Luigi Trojano
OBJECTIVE: The Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is widely used as a screening tool for discriminating cognitively normal individuals from patients with mild dementia. The aim of present study was to provide normative values for a 10-point quantitative scoring system proposed by Rouleau and colleagues (1992), including CDT total score and subscales score assessing representation of clock face (RC), layout of numbers (LN), and position of hands (PH), in a large sample of Italian healthy individuals...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
P Moore, C Jackson, K Mutch, A Methley, C Pollard, S Hamid, A Jacob
OBJECTIVE: This study outlines the development of a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM), an instrument to obtain self-reported health status for neuromyeltis optica (NMO), a disabling neurological condition. DESIGN: Development was conducted in accordance with international guidance for PROMs including systematic review of existing literature, item generation guided by qualitative interviews, health-related quality of life conceptual framework and clinical expert panel and cognitive interviews with NMO patients...
September 30, 2016: BMJ Open
Bilal I Abdulrazzaq, Omar J Ibrahim, Shoji Kawahito, Roslina M Sidek, Suhaidi Shafie, Nurul Amziah Md Yunus, Lini Lee, Izhal Abdul Halin
A Delay-Locked Loop (DLL) with a modified charge pump circuit is proposed for generating high-resolution linear delay steps with sub-picosecond jitter performance and adjustable delay range. The small-signal model of the modified charge pump circuit is analyzed to bring forth the relationship between the DLL's internal control voltage and output time delay. Circuit post-layout simulation shows that a 0.97 ps delay step within a 69 ps delay range with 0.26 ps Root-Mean Square (RMS) jitter performance is achievable using a standard 0...
2016: Sensors
Marcela Tiburcio, Ma Asunción Lara, Araceli Aguilar Abrego, Morise Fernández, Nora Martínez Vélez, Alejandro Sánchez
BACKGROUND: The development of Web-based interventions for substance abuse in Latin America is a new field of interest with great potential for expansion to other Spanish-speaking countries. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes a project aimed to develop and evaluate the usability of the Web-based Help Program for Drug Abuse and Depression (Programa de Ayuda para Abuso de Drogas y Depresión, PAADD, in Spanish) and also to construct a systematic frame of reference for the development of future Web-based programs...
September 29, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
Guang Li, Travis C Greene, Thomas K Nishino, Charles E Willis
The purpose of this study was to evaluate several of the standardized image quality metrics proposed by the American Association of Physics in Medicine (AAPM) Task Group 150. The task group suggested region-of-interest (ROI)-based techniques to measure nonuniformity, minimum signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), number of anomalous pixels, and modulation transfer function (MTF). This study evaluated the effects of ROI size and layout on the image metrics by using four different ROI sets, assessed result uncertainty by repeating measurements, and compared results with two commercially available quality control tools, namely the Carestream DIRECTVIEW Total Quality Tool (TQT) and the GE Healthcare Quality Assurance Process (QAP)...
2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Y Lu, M Zhang
Objective: To study the applicability, the high frequency used content, the feasibility, and issues needed to be solved of the standard of GBZ 1-2010, aiming to provide technical evidence for the revision of GBZ1. Methods: In the study, the data were collected by referring to the literature database and the questionnaire from June 2013 to June 2015. There were 2 surveys carried out in the study, with methods including questionnaire survey and specific interview. The investigation methods include the paper version of the questionnaire by mail, the electronic version of the questionnaire by e-mail, and the online survey...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Brent M Kuenzi, Adam L Borne, Jiannong Li, Eric B Haura, Steven A Eschrich, John M Koomen, Uwe Rix, Paul A Stewart
With continuously increasing scale and depth of coverage in affinity proteomics (AP-MS) data, the analysis and visualization is becoming more challenging. A number of tools have been developed to identify high confidence interactions; however, a cohesive and intuitive pipeline for analysis and visualization is still needed. Here, we present Automated Processing of SAINT Templated Layouts (APOSTL), a freely available, Galaxy-integrated software suite and analysis pipeline for reproducible, interactive analysis of AP-MS data...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Zheng Yan, Fan Zhang, Fei Liu, Mengdi Han, Dapeng Ou, Yuhao Liu, Qing Lin, Xuelin Guo, Haoran Fu, Zhaoqian Xie, Mingye Gao, Yuming Huang, JungHwan Kim, Yitao Qiu, Kewang Nan, Jeonghyun Kim, Philipp Gutruf, Hongying Luo, An Zhao, Keh-Chih Hwang, Yonggang Huang, Yihui Zhang, John A Rogers
Capabilities for assembly of three-dimensional (3D) micro/nanostructures in advanced materials have important implications across a broad range of application areas, reaching nearly every class of microsystem technology. Approaches that rely on the controlled, compressive buckling of 2D precursors are promising because of their demonstrated compatibility with the most sophisticated planar technologies, where materials include inorganic semiconductors, polymers, metals, and various heterogeneous combinations, spanning length scales from submicrometer to centimeter dimensions...
September 2016: Science Advances
Lorenzo Domenichini, Francesca La Torre, Valentina Branzi, Alessandro Nocentini
Reductions in speed and, more critically, in speed variability between vehicles are considered an important factor to reduce crash risk in work zones. This study was designed to evaluate in a virtual environment the drivers' behaviour in response to nine different configurations of a motorway crossover work zone. Specifically, the speed behaviour through a typical crossover layout, designed in accordance with the Italian Ministerial Decree 10 July 2002, was compared with that of eight alternative configurations which differ in some characteristics such as the sequence of speed limits, the median opening width and the lane width...
September 24, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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