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appendicitis in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640003/infections-associated-with-streptococcus-constellatus-in-children
#1
Howard Faden, Mustafa Mohmand
Streptococcus constellatus is a viridans Streptococcus belonging to the Anginosus group. It was associated with abscesses in 37 children, 80% of whom had acute appendicitis with perforation and abscess formation in 50%. None of the children was younger than 3 years of age.
June 20, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637571/workforce-issues-in-pediatric-surgery
#2
Don K Nakayama
High salaries indicate a demand for pediatric surgeons in excess of the supply, despite only a slight growth in the pediatric-age population and a sharp increase in numbers of trainees. Top-level neonatal intensive care units require 24-hour-7-day pediatric surgical availability, so hospitals are willing to pay surgeons a premium and engage high-priced locum tenens surgeons to fill vacancies in coverage. With increased supply comes an erosion of the numbers of cases performed by trainees and surgeons in practice...
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635516/concentration-of-uhcl1-in-the-serum-of-children-with-acute-appendicitis-before-and-after-surgery-and-its-correlation-with-crp-and-prealbumin
#3
Ewa Matuszczak, Marzena Tylicka, Wojciech Dębek, Anna Tokarzewicz, Ewa Gorodkiewicz, Adam Hermanowicz
Ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation plays a crucial role in various cellular processes, including signal transduction, cell differentiation, and stress response. Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCHL1) is a unique deubiquitinating enzyme that has both hydrolase and ligase activities. The aim of this study was the determination of UCHL1 concentration in serum of children with appendicitis, before and after the surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 42 children with acute appendicitis, who were managed at the Pediatric Surgery Department, between 2013 and 2014, were randomly included into the study (age 9 months up to 14 years, mean age 2...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628705/time-to-appendectomy-and-risk-of-complicated-appendicitis-and-adverse-outcomes-in-children
#4
Stephanie K Serres, Danielle B Cameron, Charity C Glass, Dionne A Graham, David Zurakowski, Mahima Karki, Seema P Anandalwar, Shawn J Rangel
Importance: Management of appendicitis as an urgent rather than emergency procedure has become an increasingly common practice in children. Controversy remains as to whether this practice is associated with increased risk of complicated appendicitis and adverse events. Objective: To examine the association between time to appendectomy (TTA) and risk of complicated appendicitis and postoperative complications. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective cohort study using the Pediatric National Surgical Quality Improvement Program appendectomy pilot database, 2429 children younger than 18 years who underwent appendectomy within 24 hours of presentation at 23 children's hospitals from January 1, 2013, through December 31, 2014, were studied...
June 19, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624043/composition-of-the-cellular-infiltrate-in-patients-with-simple-and-complex-appendicitis
#5
Ramon R Gorter, Emma C E Wassenaar, Onno J de Boer, Roel Bakx, Joris J T H Roelofs, Madeleine J Bunders, L W Ernst van Heurn, Hugo A Heij
BACKGROUND: It is now well established that there are two types of appendicitis: simple (nonperforating) and complex (perforating). This study evaluates differences in the composition of the immune cellular infiltrate in children with simple and complex appendicitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 47 consecutive children undergoing appendectomy for acute appendicitis between January 2011 and December 2012 were included. Intraoperative criteria were used to identify patients with either simple or complex appendicitis and were confirmed histopathologically...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610706/ultrasound-guided-bilateral-rectus-sheath-block-vs-conventional-local-analgesia-in-single-port-laparoscopic-appendectomy-for-children-with-nonperforated-appendicitis
#6
Caroline Maloney, Michelle Kallis, Ibrahim Abd El-Shafy, Aaron M Lipskar, John Hagen, Michelle Kars
INTRODUCTION: Despite its minimally invasive approach, laparoscopic surgery can cause considerable pain. Regional analgesic techniques such as the rectus sheath block (RSB) offer improved pain management following elective umbilical hernia repair in the pediatric population. This effect has not been examined in laparoscopic single-incision surgery in children. We sought to compare the efficacy of bilateral ultrasound-guided RSB versus local anesthetic infiltration (LAI) in providing postoperative pain relief in pediatric single-incision transumbilical laparoscopic assisted appendectomy (TULA) with same-day discharge...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609109/accuracy-and-radiation-dose-reduction-of-limited-range-ct-in-the-evaluation-of-acute-appendicitis-in-pediatric-patients
#7
Michael Jin, Thomas R Sanchez, Ramit Lamba, Ghaneh Fananapazir, Michael T Corwin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to determine the accuracy and radiation dose reduction of limited-range CT prescribed from the top of L2 to the top of the pubic symphysis in children with suspected acute appendicitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 210 consecutive pediatric patients from December 11, 2012, through December 11, 2014, who underwent abdominopelvic CT for suspected acute appendicitis. Two radiologists independently reviewed the theoretic limited scans from the superior L2 vertebral body to the top of the pubic symphysis, to assess for visualization of the appendix, acute appendicitis, alternative diagnoses, and incidental findings...
June 13, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598452/risk-factors-for-complications-in-acute-appendicitis-among-paediatric-population
#8
R Poudel, T R Bhandari
INTRODUCTION: Appendicitis is one of the most common causes of acute abdomen in children. Patients who are diagnosed early and undergo an appendectomy before perforation have a good outcome. However, it is difficult to diagnose in young children because its clinical manifestations may be atypical. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for complications in acute appendicitis in paediatric population. METHODS: We performed a cross sectional study on children (age ≤18 years) who underwent appendectomy for suspected appendicitis from January 2014 to December 2015...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597283/transumbilical-laparoscopic-assisted-appendectomy-in-children-is-it-worth-it
#9
Sara Hernandez-Martin, Lidia Ayuso, Ada Yessenia Molina, Javier Pison, Miguel Angel Martinez-Bermejo, Alberto Perez-Martinez
INTRODUCTION: Transumbilical laparoscopic-assisted appendectomy (TULAA) is the technique of choice for all types of appendicitis in our Department. It combines the advantages of laparoscopy (global vision and minimally invasion) and open surgery (lower cost). The objective was to assess the results of our TULAA series and compare them to the results of standard laparoscopic appendectomies (SLA) performed during the same period. METHODS: Retrospective review of total appendectomies performed since TULAA introduction (September 2003 to December 2015) with statistic analysis of the results...
June 8, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591015/design-of-studies-for-antibiotic-treatment-of-acute-appendicitis-in-children-in-support-of-rcts
#10
Jan F Svensson, Barbora Patkova, Markus Almström, Hussein Naji, Tomas Wester, Nigel J Hall, Simon Eaton, Agostino Pierro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588886/laparoscopic-versus-open-appendectomy-in-adults-and-children-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Liping Dai, Jian Shuai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences of laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) versus open appendectomy (OA) in adults and children. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing LA and OA in adults and children between January 1992-March 2016 were included in this study. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate wound infection, intra-abdominal abscess, postoperative complications, reoperation rate, operation time, postoperative stay, and return to normal activity...
June 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562252/time-from-emergency-department-evaluation-to-operation-and-appendiceal-perforation
#12
Michelle D Stevenson, Peter S Dayan, Nanette C Dudley, Lalit Bajaj, Charles G Macias, Richard G Bachur, Kelly Sinclair, Jonathan Bennett, Manoj K Mittal, Macarius M Donneyong, Anupam B Kharbanda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In patients with appendicitis, the risk of perforation increases with time from onset of symptoms. We sought to determine if time from emergency department (ED) physician evaluation until operative intervention is independently associated with appendiceal perforation (AP) in children. METHODS: We conducted a planned secondary analysis of children aged 3 to 18 years with appendicitis enrolled in a prospective, multicenter, cross-sectional study of patients with abdominal pain (<96 hours)...
May 24, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554816/a-pre-operative-clinical-scoring-system-to-distinguish-perforation-risk-with-pediatric-appendicitis
#13
William Bonadio, Syeda Shahid, Lior Vardi, Carly Buckingham, Allison Kornblatt, Chloe Free, Peter Homel
IMPORTANCE: Appendicitis is a common, potentially serious pediatric disease. An important factor in determining management strategy [whether/when to perform appendectomy, duration of antibiotic therapy/hospitalization, etc.] and predicting outcome is distinguishing whether perforation is present. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine efficacy of commonly assessed pre-operative variables in stratifying perforation risk in children with appendicitis. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of consecutive cases was performed...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550895/lateral-thermal-damage-of-mesoappendix-and-appendiceal-base-during-laparoscopic-appendectomy-in-children-comparison-of-the-harmonic-scalpel-ultracision-bipolar-coagulation-ligasure-and-thermal-fusion-technology-miseal
#14
Zenon Pogorelić, Josip Katić, Ivana Mrklić, Ana Jerončić, Tomislav Šušnjar, Miro Jukić, Katarina Vilović, Zdravko Perko
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare lateral thermal damage of mesoappendix and appendiceal base using three different instruments for sealing and cutting of mesoappendix. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total number of 99 patients (54 males and 45 females) who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy because of suspected appendicitis between December 2013 and May 2015 were enrolled in the study. The patients were divided in three groups based on instrument used for sealing of mesoappendix: group 1 (Ultracision; n = 36), group 2 (LigaSure; n = 32), and group 3 (MiSeal; n = 31)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535960/nonoperative-management-in-children-with-early-acute-appendicitis-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Jane Xu, Susan Adams, Yingrui Cyril Liu, Jonathan Karpelowsky
PURPOSE: Appendectomy has remained the gold standard treatment of acute appendicitis for more than 100years. Nonoperative management (NOM) has been shown to be a valid treatment alternative for acute uncomplicated appendicitis in adults. A systematic review of available evidence comparing operative management (OM) and NOM in children with acute uncomplicated appendicitis was performed. METHODS: Systematic searches of MedLine, Embase, and a clinical trial register (https://clinicaltrials...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532764/sonography-of-suspected-acute-appendicitis-in-children-evaluation-of-the-progress-in-performance-of-senior-residents
#16
Pierre Gerbier, Aurélien Binet, Mathilde Etancelin, Emmanuel Barteau, Marie Auger, Luciano Morales, Philippe Bertrand, Dominique Sirinelli, Baptiste Morel
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the progress in performance of senior residents in diagnosing acute appendicitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Results were collected and compared of ultrasound examinations performed for suspected acute appendicitis by three senior residents and two faculty members over a six-month period in a university hospital setting. A grid with the sonographic findings was completed separately by the residents and the faculty members immediately after each examination...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489170/modified-alvarado-score-in-children-with-diagnosis-of-appendicitis
#17
Mehran Peyvasteh, Shahnam Askarpour, Hazhir Javaherizadeh, Sepideh Besharati
Background: Appendicitis is one of the most common abdominal emergency. Some predictive scoring systems are recommended to decrease the rate of negative appendectomy. Aim: To evaluate sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of modified Alvarado score in children who underwent appendectomy. Methods: Four hundred children with initial diagnosis of appendicitis were randomly selected from patients who underwent appendectomy...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486259/appendicitis-in-a-neutropenic-patient-a-multicentric-retrospective-study
#18
Alberto A Scarpa, Géraldine Hery, Arnaud Petit, Benoit Brethon, Irène Jimenez, Virginie Gandemer, Samuel Abbou, Stéphanie Haouy, Jean Breaud, Marilyne Poiree
To study the management of acute appendicitis in neutropenic patients, we retrospectively reviewed cases of acute appendicitis in neutropenic children treated for cancer. The patients' demographics, medical records, and outcomes were tracked. We compared nonoperative treatment versus emergency or delayed surgery. The cases of 30 patients with a mean age of 8.8 years in 12 French departments of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology between 1995 and 2013 were studied. Most patients (90%) were treated for hematological malignancies...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472016/laparoscopic-appendectomy-in-children-with-perforated-appendicitis-a-meta-analysis
#19
Shun Zhang, Tao Du, Xiaohua Jiang, Chun Song
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the influence of different surgical procedures on perforated appendicitis in pediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies were identified through a computerized literature search of Pubmed, Embase, Ovid, the Cochrane Colorectal Cancer Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cochrane Library database, and Web of Science. Two reviewers independently assessed the quality of each study and abstracted outcome data...
May 3, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466621/emergency-department-pain-management-of-acute-abdominal-pain-and-acute-appendicitis-in-children
#20
REVIEW
Ron Jacob, Itai Shavit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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