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Grief counseling

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Adolescents experience loss, grief and trauma more often than many adults recognise. Their responses are different from those of children and adults, and they can struggle to share their experiences or express emotions.
October 7, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
Amir Shanan, Brenda Stevens, Gail Bishop, Kathleen Cooney, Shea Cox, Robin Downing, Kathy Mitchener, Nancy Soares, Tammy Wynn
End-of-life (EOL) care and decisionmaking embody the critical final stage in a pet's life and are as important and meaningful as the sum of the clinical care provided for all prior life stages. EOL care should focus on maximizing patient comfort and minimizing suffering while providing a collaborative and supportive partnership with the caregiver client. Timely, empathetic, and nonjudgmental communication is the hallmark of effective client support. Veterinarians should not allow an EOL patient to succumb to a natural death without considering the option of euthanasia and ensuring that other measures to alleviate discomfort and distress are in place...
September 29, 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Beverley Lim Høeg, Charlotte W Appel, Annika B von Heymann-Horan, Kirsten Frederiksen, Christoffer Johansen, Per Bøge, Annemarie Dencker, Atle Dyregrov, Birgit B Mathiesen, Pernille E Bidstrup
This study compares maladaptive coping, measured as substance use, behavioral disengagement, self-blame, and emotional eating, among adults (>18 years) who have experienced early parental loss (N = 1465 women,N = 331 men) with non-bereaved controls (N = 515 women,N = 115 men). We also compared bereaved adults who received grief counseling (N = 822 women,N = 190 men) with bereaved controls who had not (N = 233 women,N = 66 men). Bereaved adults reported significantly more substance use, behavioral disengagement, and emotional eating than non-bereaved adults...
March 31, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Christine Yang Dong
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the call profiles of a Chinese-speaking mental health counselling helpline service in New Zealand (Chinese Lifeline provided by Lifeline Aotearoa) and to evaluate the calls and explore the possible factors influencing the outcome of the calls. METHOD: A random sample of 151 answered calls was involved. Descriptive analysis with appropriate statistical tests was used to analyse the client profile and outcome data. RESULTS: The majority of the calls were made by female callers, aged between 21-60 both single and married...
2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
Heather L Nickrand, Cara M Brock
BACKGROUND: Although loss of loved ones is a universal experience, individuals who experience this loss grieve in different ways. Complicated grief involves the development of trauma symptoms, such as flashbacks, anxiety, and fear associated with daily activities after a death that disrupts the healthy grieving process. Daily activities such as eating, meal planning, grocery shopping, managing finances, and household maintenance can become painful and isolating for those experiencing complicated grief...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
David J Schonfeld, Thomas Demaria
The death of someone close to a child often has a profound and lifelong effect on the child and results in a range of both short- and long-term reactions. Pediatricians, within a patient-centered medical home, are in an excellent position to provide anticipatory guidance to caregivers and to offer assistance and support to children and families who are grieving. This clinical report offers practical suggestions on how to talk with grieving children to help them better understand what has happened and its implications and to address any misinformation, misinterpretations, or misconceptions...
September 2016: Pediatrics
William W Palmer, Francis K Yuen
This investigation explored the relationship between hospice patient disease type, length of stay (LOS) in hospice, and caregiver utilization of grief counseling in bereavement. A 10-year retrospective study was conducted utilizing data from caregivers associated with hospice patients who died between 2004 and 2014. A threshold of inclusion for disease type (≥1.00% of hospice admissions) resulted in a sample size of 3704 patients, comprising 19 different disease types and 348 associated caregivers who received counseling...
August 16, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Ilsung Nam
In the wake of the increased interest in treatment for complicated grief (CG) symptoms, research has reported the promising effect of CG treatment (CGT) on CG symptoms. This study compared CGT with supportive counseling (SC) in terms of improvement in CG symptoms. A randomized trial design was used to compare the effectiveness of CGT with that of SC in treating CG symptoms, depressive symptoms, and social impairments. The primary outcome was the Inventory of Complicated Grief. Relative to SC, CGT resulted in improved CG symptoms and depressive symptoms...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Donna M Wilson, Nurin Dhanji, Robyn Playfair, Sahana Srinivas Nayak, Gideon L Puplampu, Rod Macleod
OBJECTIVE: This scoping literature review, through finding and assessing researched bereavement service outcomes, sought to determine the state of bereavement services evaluation, to catalogue service types, and to identify which service or services, if any, demonstrate clear evidence of effectiveness. METHOD: Our methods included: (1) a literature search for published English-language research articles from 2005-2015; (2) critical appraisal of articles to identify findings; (3) compilation of findings; and (4) determination of the relevance of our findings...
June 29, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
Wei Yu, Li He, Wei Xu, Jianping Wang, Holly Gwen Prigerson
Given the important role of continuing bonds (CBs) in bereavement adjustment, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between CBs and bereavement adjustment and identify influences on CB among bereaved mainland Chinese. The Continuing Bonds Scale, Prolonged Grief Questionnaire 13, and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory were administered to 273 bereaved participants. Findings in the current study suggest psychometric validity of the Continuing Bonds Scale in a mainland Chinese sample and confirm that externalized CB is positively associated with severity of grief symptoms, and internalized CB is positively associated with the respondent degree of posttraumatic growth and identifies influences on externalized CB and internalized CB...
June 20, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Mathew Mathews
Adjustments that accompany ageing pose a challenge to the mental health of the elderly. Psychologically based counseling has been documented in Western societies as an appropriate intervention for elderly persons with depressive episodes. There is however very little research documenting how Asian elderly populations experience and benefit from counseling. This study addresses this research gap through a qualitative study based on post-counseling interviews with a sample of 41 elderly persons who received counseling at a dedicated organisation catering to the elderly in Singapore...
September 2016: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
B Dundar, B Dilbaz, B Karadag
OBJECTIVE: A wide spectrum of emotions are experienced during abortion, including anxiety, sadness and grief, guilt, pessimism about future pregnancies, disturbed self-perception and loss of confidence in intimate relationships. This study aimed to compare the short-term effects of legal voluntary termination of pregnancy with uterine evacuation for medical reasons on female sexual function. STUDY DESIGN: The study group was comprised of 50 patients admitted to the Family Planning Clinic for legal voluntary termination of pregnancy <10 weeks of gestation, and the control group was comprised of 50 patients who underwent manual vacuum aspiration of the products of conception for medical reasons (e...
April 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Lizabeth M Eckerd, James E Barnett, Latishia Jett-Dias
The authors compared grief severity and its predictors in two equivalent college student samples who had experienced the death of a pet (n = 211) or a person (n = 146) within the past 2 years. The human death sample reported higher grief severity, p < .01, but effect sizes were small (ds = .28-.30). For both samples, closeness to the deceased was overwhelmingly the strongest predictor of grief severity; other predictors generally dropped out with closeness added to the model. Results highlight the importance of including closeness to deceased in grief research, and its centrality in understanding grief counseling clients...
2016: Death Studies
Dwight Panozzo
There is evidence from the legislative, judicial, and counseling sectors that the sun is setting on therapies designed to change sexual orientation. Despite this evidence, there is also evidence that similar pseudoscientific interventions continue to be used in at least one other area-post-abortion counseling. The key factor shared by both interventions is their dependence on unvalidated explanations of behavior. In the case of changing the expression of sexual orientation, the harm at the personal and communal levels is clear...
June 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Allison Tong, Mark A Brown, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer, Jonathan C Craig, Shilpanjali Jesudason
BACKGROUND: Women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) often have difficulty achieving pregnancy and are at increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. Given the medical, ethical, and emotional complexities of pregnancy in CKD, the clinical approach should involve explicit consideration of women's values, for which there are sparse data. This study aims to describe the beliefs, values, and experiences of pregnancy in women with CKD to inform prepregnancy counseling and pregnancy care...
December 2015: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Amy Waller, Heidi Turon, Elise Mansfield, Katherine Clark, Bree Hobden, Rob Sanson-Fisher
BACKGROUND: Supporting people after bereavement is a priority area for many health services. Investment in bereavement care must be supported by a rigorous evidence-base. AIM: To examine the (1) relative proportion of descriptive, measurement and intervention research in grief counselling and (2) quality and effectiveness of intervention studies. DESIGN: Systematic review of studies published in the area of grief counselling. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library and PsycINFO databases were searched for studies published between 2000 and 2013...
February 2016: Palliative Medicine
Wei Xu, Zhongfang Fu, Li He, Dominik Schoebi, Jianping Wang
This study explored whether attachment moderated the relationship between grief and posttraumatic growth. A total of 240 Chinese adults who have lost a family member to cancer reported on their grief (Prolonged Grief Questionnaire-13; PG-13), posttraumatic growth (Posttraumatic Growth Inventory; PTGI) and attachment (Experiences in Close Relationships; ECR). The results suggested that bereaved individuals who scored high on attachment anxiety showed a substantial and positive relationship between grief and posttraumatic growth, while their less anxiously attached counterparts showed no such association...
November 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
Matthew Cauldwell, Lucy C Chappell, Ged Murtagh, Susan Bewley
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to explore the impact of maternal death on maternity professionals, and their related professional and personal needs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A qualitative study comprising semi-structured interviews in a UK inner-city academic maternity unit with over 5000 deliveries annually. Purposive sampling was utilized and semi-structured face-to-face interviews were performed with 14 healthcare professionals: four midwives, five doctors in training grades (trainees) and five consultant obstetricians...
December 2015: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
JürgenM Giesler, Joachim Weis, Melanie Schreib, Svenja Eichhorn, Susanne Kuhnt, Tanja Faust, Anja Mehnert, Jochen Ernst
Psychosocial cancer counseling centers represent an increasingly important part of comprehensive psychosocial cancer care. Research on the services provided by those centers is sparse, however, as is research on person-, disease-, and treatment-related characteristics of their clients. Therefore, the present study analyzes the services provided by 26 psychosocial cancer counseling centers temporarily being funded by the German Cancer Aid as well as selected characteristics of their clients. Analyses are based on data collected during 2011 by means of a documentation system specifically designed for the purposes of psychosocial cancer counseling...
December 2015: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Bert Hayslip, Jessica H Pruett, Daniela M Caballero
In order to evaluate the role of cause of death on the grief responses of parentally bereaved young and middle-aged adults, 400 individuals completed measures assessing their experiences and feelings surrounding the loss of a parent. Respondents included 247 young adults and 155 middle-aged adults. Cause of death was categorized as acute or anticipated with 209 participants reporting the parent's death as acute, while anticipated death was reported by 191 individuals. Results suggested that gender of the adult child and age level of the participant were important factors contributing to the grief response, and women were found to have more difficulty adjusting to the loss of a parent as well as demonstrating a more intense grief response...
2015: Omega
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