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Grief counseling

John R Jordan, Vanessa McGann
The loss of a loved one to suicide can present difficult challenges for suicide loss survivors (people bereaved by suicide), as well as for clinicians who would seek to help them. Building on the recommendations in the new document Responding to Grief, Trauma, and Distress after a Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines, this article provides an overview of clinical work with suicide loss survivors. It includes discussions of the common themes of suicide bereavement, the psychological tasks for integration of a suicide loss, and the options for providing grief therapy after a suicide...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
Alissa Banyasz, Rachel Weiskittle, Amanda Lorenz, Lauren Goodman, Sharla Wells-Di Gregorio
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that bereavement services reduce distress and support adjustment in the bereaved, particularly those experiencing significant levels of depression or grief. However, the service use of bereaved individuals and whether utilization differs among those experiencing depression and complicated grief currently remain unclear. Research is needed to clarify the preferences of the bereaved, including specific bereaved subgroups. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the bereavement service preferences of bereaved family members whose loved one died in the hospital and identify group differences in service use among individuals with and without depression and complicated grief, considering time since the death of the patient...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Richard A Bryant, Lucy Kenny, Amy Joscelyne, Natasha Rawson, Fiona Maccallum, Catherine Cahill, Sally Hopwood, Angela Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) causes significant impairment in approximately 7% of bereaved people. Although cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to effectively treat PGD, there is no evidence of long-term effects of CBT. OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term efficacies of CBT with exposure or CBT without exposure in treating PGD by assessing outcome at 2 years. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial of PGD patients (N = 80) attending an outpatient clinic took place between September 2007 and June 2010, and a 2-year follow-up occurred between December 2009 and October 2012...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Lefteris Patlamazoglou, Janette G Simmonds, Tristan L Snell
The experience of same-sex-attracted people who have lost a partner is neglected in the existing literature on bereavement. Previous research on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, queer and questioning (LGBTIQ) populations tends to focus on the loss of a partner to HIV-related causes, and there is scant research concerning non-HIV-related bereavement. The purpose of this article is to investigate the non-HIV-related bereavement experiences of same-sex partners and to address the potential complications of disenfranchised grief...
January 1, 2017: Omega
Halima Hadžikapetanović, Tajib Babić, Edin Bjelošević
Aim To determine an impact of parental divorce to depression and intimate relationships of young people during adolescence, and prevalence of symptoms of depression and the level of intimacy in relations to adolescents living in intact families and those from divorced families. Methods This prospective descriptive research was conducted on a sample of 168 examinees of which 64 (38.1%) were students of the University Zenica, and 104 (61.9%) high students schools from Zenica and Maglaj cities during May and June 2011...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
(no author information available yet)
Adolescents experience loss, grief and trauma more often than many adults recognise. Their responses are different from those of children and adults, and they can struggle to share their experiences or express emotions.
October 7, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
Gail Bishop, Kathleen Cooney, Shea Cox, Robin Downing, Kathy Mitchener, Amir Shanan, Nancy Soares, Brenda Stevens, Tammy Wynn
End-of-life (EOL) care and decisionmaking embody the critical final stage in a pet's life and are as important and meaningful as the sum of the clinical care provided for all prior life stages. EOL care should focus on maximizing patient comfort and minimizing suffering while providing a collaborative and supportive partnership with the caregiver client. Timely, empathetic, and nonjudgmental communication is the hallmark of effective client support. Veterinarians should not allow an EOL patient to succumb to a natural death without considering the option of euthanasia and ensuring that other measures to alleviate discomfort and distress are in place...
November 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Beverley Lim Høeg, Charlotte W Appel, Annika B von Heymann-Horan, Kirsten Frederiksen, Christoffer Johansen, Per Bøge, Annemarie Dencker, Atle Dyregrov, Birgit B Mathiesen, Pernille E Bidstrup
This study compares maladaptive coping, measured as substance use, behavioral disengagement, self-blame, and emotional eating, among adults (>18 years) who have experienced early parental loss (N = 1465 women,N = 331 men) with non-bereaved controls (N = 515 women,N = 115 men). We also compared bereaved adults who received grief counseling (N = 822 women,N = 190 men) with bereaved controls who had not (N = 233 women,N = 66 men). Bereaved adults reported significantly more substance use, behavioral disengagement, and emotional eating than non-bereaved adults...
March 31, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Christine Yang Dong
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the call profiles of a Chinese-speaking mental health counselling helpline service in New Zealand (Chinese Lifeline provided by Lifeline Aotearoa) and to evaluate the calls and explore the possible factors influencing the outcome of the calls. METHOD: A random sample of 151 answered calls was involved. Descriptive analysis with appropriate statistical tests was used to analyse the client profile and outcome data. RESULTS: The majority of the calls were made by female callers, aged between 21-60 both single and married...
September 9, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
Heather L Nickrand, Cara M Brock
BACKGROUND: Although loss of loved ones is a universal experience, individuals who experience this loss grieve in different ways. Complicated grief involves the development of trauma symptoms, such as flashbacks, anxiety, and fear associated with daily activities after a death that disrupts the healthy grieving process. Daily activities such as eating, meal planning, grocery shopping, managing finances, and household maintenance can become painful and isolating for those experiencing complicated grief...
February 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
David J Schonfeld, Thomas Demaria
The death of someone close to a child often has a profound and lifelong effect on the child and results in a range of both short- and long-term reactions. Pediatricians, within a patient-centered medical home, are in an excellent position to provide anticipatory guidance to caregivers and to offer assistance and support to children and families who are grieving. This clinical report offers practical suggestions on how to talk with grieving children to help them better understand what has happened and its implications and to address any misinformation, misinterpretations, or misconceptions...
September 2016: Pediatrics
William W Palmer, Francis K Yuen
This investigation explored the relationship between hospice patient disease type, length of stay (LOS) in hospice, and caregiver utilization of grief counseling in bereavement. A 10-year retrospective study was conducted utilizing data from caregivers associated with hospice patients who died between 2004 and 2014. A threshold of inclusion for disease type (≥1.00% of hospice admissions) resulted in a sample size of 3704 patients, comprising 19 different disease types and 348 associated caregivers who received counseling...
January 1, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Ilsung Nam
In the wake of the increased interest in treatment for complicated grief (CG) symptoms, research has reported the promising effect of CG treatment (CGT) on CG symptoms. This study compared CGT with supportive counseling (SC) in terms of improvement in CG symptoms. A randomized trial design was used to compare the effectiveness of CGT with that of SC in treating CG symptoms, depressive symptoms, and social impairments. The primary outcome was the Inventory of Complicated Grief. Relative to SC, CGT resulted in improved CG symptoms and depressive symptoms...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Donna M Wilson, Nurin Dhanji, Robyn Playfair, Sahana Srinivas Nayak, Gideon L Puplampu, Rod Macleod
OBJECTIVE: This scoping literature review, through finding and assessing researched bereavement service outcomes, sought to determine the state of bereavement services evaluation, to catalogue service types, and to identify which service or services, if any, demonstrate clear evidence of effectiveness. METHOD: Our methods included: (1) a literature search for published English-language research articles from 2005-2015; (2) critical appraisal of articles to identify findings; (3) compilation of findings; and (4) determination of the relevance of our findings...
June 29, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
Wei Yu, Li He, Wei Xu, Jianping Wang, Holly Gwen Prigerson
Given the important role of continuing bonds (CBs) in bereavement adjustment, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between CBs and bereavement adjustment and identify influences on CB among bereaved mainland Chinese. The Continuing Bonds Scale, Prolonged Grief Questionnaire 13, and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory were administered to 273 bereaved participants. Findings in the current study suggest psychometric validity of the Continuing Bonds Scale in a mainland Chinese sample and confirm that externalized CB is positively associated with severity of grief symptoms, and internalized CB is positively associated with the respondent degree of posttraumatic growth and identifies influences on externalized CB and internalized CB...
October 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Mathew Mathews
Adjustments that accompany ageing pose a challenge to the mental health of the elderly. Psychologically based counseling has been documented in Western societies as an appropriate intervention for elderly persons with depressive episodes. There is however very little research documenting how Asian elderly populations experience and benefit from counseling. This study addresses this research gap through a qualitative study based on post-counseling interviews with a sample of 41 elderly persons who received counseling at a dedicated organisation catering to the elderly in Singapore...
September 2016: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
B Dundar, B Dilbaz, B Karadag
OBJECTIVE: A wide spectrum of emotions are experienced during abortion, including anxiety, sadness and grief, guilt, pessimism about future pregnancies, disturbed self-perception and loss of confidence in intimate relationships. This study aimed to compare the short-term effects of legal voluntary termination of pregnancy with uterine evacuation for medical reasons on female sexual function. STUDY DESIGN: The study group was comprised of 50 patients admitted to the Family Planning Clinic for legal voluntary termination of pregnancy <10 weeks of gestation, and the control group was comprised of 50 patients who underwent manual vacuum aspiration of the products of conception for medical reasons (e...
April 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Lizabeth M Eckerd, James E Barnett, Latishia Jett-Dias
The authors compared grief severity and its predictors in two equivalent college student samples who had experienced the death of a pet (n = 211) or a person (n = 146) within the past 2 years. The human death sample reported higher grief severity, p < .01, but effect sizes were small (ds = .28-.30). For both samples, closeness to the deceased was overwhelmingly the strongest predictor of grief severity; other predictors generally dropped out with closeness added to the model. Results highlight the importance of including closeness to deceased in grief research, and its centrality in understanding grief counseling clients...
2016: Death Studies
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