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Candida glabrata

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331410/implementing-crispr-cas-technologies-in-conventional-and-non-conventional-yeasts-current-state-and-future-prospects
#1
REVIEW
Hana Raschmanova, Astrid Weninger, Anton Glieder, Karin Kovar, Thomas Vogl
Within five years, the CRISPR-Cas system has emerged as the dominating tool for genome engineering, while also changing the speed and efficiency of metabolic engineering in conventional (Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe) and non-conventional (Yarrowia lipolytica, Pichia pastoris syn. Komagataella phaffii, Kluyveromyces lactis, Candida albicans and C. glabrata) yeasts. Especially in S. cerevisiae, an extensive toolbox of advanced CRISPR-related applications has been established, including crisprTFs and gene drives...
January 10, 2018: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330691/bis-guanylhydrazones-as-efficient-anti-candida-compounds-through-dna-interaction
#2
Jelena Lazić, Vladimir Ajdačić, Sandra Vojnovic, Mario Zlatović, Marina Pekmezovic, Selene Mogavero, Igor Opsenica, Jasmina Nikodinovic-Runic
Candida spp. are leading causes of opportunistic mycoses, including life-threatening hospital-borne infections, and novel antifungals, preferably aiming targets that have not been used before, are constantly needed. Hydrazone- and guanidine-containing molecules have shown a wide range of biological activities, including recently described excellent antifungal properties. In this study, four bis-guanylhydrazone derivatives (BG1-4) were generated following a previously developed synthetic route. Anti-Candida (two C...
January 12, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325916/proanthocyanidin-polymeric-tannins-from-stryphnodendron-adstringens-are-effective-against-fluconazole-resistant-candida-spp-and-treat-vaginal-candidiasis
#3
Aline Luiza Duarte de Freitas, Vanessa Kaplum, Diego Conrado Pereira Rossi, Leandro Buffoni Roque da Silva, Márcia de Souza Carvalho Melhem, Carlos Pelleschi Taborda, João Carlos Palazzo de Mello, Celso Vataru Nakamura, Kelly Ishida
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The stem bark of Stryphnodendron adstringens (Mart.) Coville is popularly used as anti-inflammatory, astringent and in the treatment of wounds and vaginal infections. Several pharmacological activities have been scientifically proven by "in vitro" and "in vivo" experimental assays for antibacterial, antiviral, antiprotozoan, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. AIM OF THE STUDY: We investigated whether proanthocyanidin polymeric tannins from the Stryphnodendron adstringens steam bark with antifungal activity against Candida albicans in vitro are also active against planktonic and biofilm cells of Candida non-albicans (CNA, including fluconazole-resistant isolates) and are capable of controlling Candida vaginitis in vivo...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319341/emerging-mechanisms-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-bacteria-and-fungi-advances-in-the-era-of-genomics
#4
John Osei Sekyere, Jonathan Asante
Bacteria and fungi continue to develop new ways to adapt and survive the lethal or biostatic effects of antimicrobials through myriad mechanisms. Novel antibiotic resistance genes such as lsa(C), erm(44), VCC-1, mcr-1, mcr-2, mcr-3, mcr-4, bla KLUC-3 and bla KLUC-4 were discovered through comparative genomics and further functional studies. As well, mutations in genes that hitherto were unknown to confer resistance to antimicrobials, such as trm, PP2C, rpsJ, HSC82, FKS2 and Rv2887, were shown by genomics and transcomplementation assays to mediate antimicrobial resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecium, Saccharomyces cerevisae, Candida glabrata and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, respectively...
January 10, 2018: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311082/deletion-of-ada2-increases-antifungal-drug-susceptibility-and-virulence-in-candida-glabrata
#5
Shang-Jie Yu, Ya-Lin Chang, Ying-Lien Chen
Candida glabrata, the second most frequent cause of candidiasis after Candida albicans, is an emerging human fungal pathogen that is intrinsically drug tolerant. Currently, studies of C. glabrata genes involved in drug tolerance are limited. Ada2, a component serving as a transcription adaptor of the Spt-Ada-Gcn5 acetyltransferase (SAGA) complex, is required for antifungal drug tolerance and virulence in C. albicans However, its roles in C. glabrata remain elusive. In this study, we found that ada2 mutants demonstrated severe growth defects at 40°C but only mild defects at 37°C or 25°C...
January 8, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311063/mutant-prevention-concentration-and-mutant-selection-window-of-micafungin-and-anidulafungin-in-clinical-candida-glabrata-isolates
#6
María Ángeles Bordallo-Cardona, Laura Judith Marcos-Zambrano, Carlos Sánchez-Carrillo, Elia Gómez G de la Pedrosa, Rafael Cantón, Emilio Bouza, Pilar Escribano, Jesús Guinea
Background: We report the mutant prevention concentration (MPC) and mutant selection window (MSW) for micafungin and anidulafungin administered to treat Candida glabrata We also determine the mutation frequency.Methods: We studied 20 echinocandin-susceptible, fluconazole-intermediate, and FKS wild-type C. glabrata isolates. Adjusted inocula were stroked directly onto Sabouraud agar plates containing different concentrations of micafungin or anidulafungin and visually inspected daily for up to 5 days of incubation...
January 8, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311061/enhanced-efflux-pump-activity-in-old-candida-glabrata
#7
Somanon Bhattacharya, Bettina C Fries
The effect of replicative aging on antifungal resistance in Candida glabrata was investigated. Our studies demonstrate significantly increased transcription of ABC transporters as well as efflux pump activity in old compared to young C. glabrata cells of a fluconazole sensitive and resistant strain. In addition, higher tolerance to killing by micafungin and amphotericin B was noted and is associated with higher transcription of glucan synthase gene FKS1 and lower ergosterol content in older cells.
January 8, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310582/identification-of-uncommon-oral-yeasts-from-cancer-patients-by-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry
#8
Narges Aslani, Ghasem Janbabaei, Mahdi Abastabar, Jacques F Meis, Mahasti Babaeian, Sadegh Khodavaisy, Teun Boekhout, Hamid Badali
BACKGROUND: Opportunistic infections due to Candida species occur frequently in cancer patients because of their inherent immunosuppression. The aim of the present study was to investigate the epidemiology of yeast species from the oral cavity of patients during treatment for oncological and haematological malignancies. METHODS: MALDI-TOF was performed to identify yeasts isolated from the oral cavity of 350 cancer patients. Moreover, antifungal susceptibility testing was performed in according to CLSI guidelines (M27-A3)...
January 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304211/we-can-do-better-a-fresh-look-at-echinocandin-dosing
#9
Justin C Bader, Sujata M Bhavnani, David R Andes, Paul G Ambrose
First-line antifungal therapies are limited to azoles, polyenes and echinocandins, the former two of which are associated with high occurrences of severe treatment-emergent adverse events or frequent drug interactions. Among antifungals, echinocandins present a unique value proposition given their lower rates of toxic events as compared with azoles and polyenes. However, with the emergence of echinocandin-resistant Candida species and the fact that a pharmacometric approach to the development of anti-infective agents was not a mainstream practice at the time these agents were developed, we question whether echinocandins are being dosed optimally...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304208/what-has-changed-in-the-treatment-of-invasive-candidiasis-a-look-at-the-past-10-years-and-ahead
#10
Matteo Bassetti, Elda Righi, Philippe Montravers, Oliver A Cornely
The treatment of invasive candidiasis has changed greatly in the past decade and must continue to evolve if we are to improve outcomes in this serious infection. A review of recent history may provide insights for the future. The morbidity and mortality of invasive candidiasis remain difficult to measure despite an obvious clinical burden. Current treatment guidelines now recommend echinocandins as first-line empirical treatment, with fluconazole as an acceptable alternative for selected patients, reflecting the efficacy demonstrated by echinocandins and increasing resistance observed with fluconazole...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287632/association-between-candida-biofilm-forming-bloodstream-isolates-and-the-clinical-evolution-in-patients-with-candidemia-an-observational-nine-year-single-center-study-in-mexico
#11
Rogelio de J Treviño-Rangel, Cynthia D Peña-López, Pedro A Hernández-Rodríguez, Dinael Beltrán-Santiago, Gloria M González
BACKGROUND: Candidemia is one of the most common nosocomial infections globally and it is associated with considerable excess mortality and costs. Abreast, biofilm-forming strains are associated with even higher mortality rates and poor prognosis for the patient. AIMS: To evaluate a possible association between the biofilm-forming capability of Candida bloodstream isolates and the clinical evolution in patients with candidemia. METHODS: An observational, retrospective study was conducted at a tertiary care university hospital during 9 years (2006-2015)...
December 26, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280198/candiduria-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-is-antifungal-therapy-useful
#12
Blandine Denis, Dorothée Chopin, Prescillia Piron, Matthieu Resche-Rigon, Stéphane Bretagne, Maud Gits-Muselli, Marie-Noelle Peraldi, Imad Abboud, Jean-Michel Molina
A French single-center retrospective study between 2010-2014 was undertaken to assess candiduria's incidence in kidney transplant recipients (KTR), and the use and impact of antifungal treatment on outcome. Candiduria was defined as a urine culture with ≥ 103 cfu/mL of Candida species. Candiduria clearance, severe complications and death rates were estimated by Kaplan-Meier methods and the effect of treatment by Cox models. 52/1223 (4.3%) KTR had ≥ 1 episode of candiduria, 42 (81%) were female, 18 (35%) had diabetes, with an incidence of 2...
December 27, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274492/the-synthesis-antifungal-and-apoptotic-effects-of-triazole-oxadiazoles-against-candida-species
#13
Betül Kaya Çavuşoğlu, Leyla Yurttaş, Zerrin Cantürk
In search of potent and safe antifungal agents, herein, we report the synthesis, characterization and biological activities of triazole-oxadiazole compounds. The structural verification of the molecules was carried out by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and mass spectral data. The in vitro antifungal and apoptotic activity were investigated against C. albicans, C. parapsilosis, C. krusei and C. glabrata. The compounds namely N-(4-nitrophenyl)-2-[(5-(2-((4-methyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)thio)ethyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)thio]acetamide (4e) and N-(6-fluorobenzothiazol-2-yl)-2-[(5-(2-((4-methyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)thio)ethyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)thio]acetamide (4i) were detected as the most potent compounds against C...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274212/drug-susceptibility-of-fungi-isolated-from-icu-patients
#14
Barbara D Modrzewska, Anna J Kurnatowska,, Katarzyna Khalid
Candida species can be a reason of infections associated with high morbidity and mortality. The risk of invasive candidosis for patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) is increased due to immunosuppressive states, prolonged length of stay, broad-spectrum antibiotics and Candida colonization. The aim of the study was to determine selected properties of fungi isolated from patients treated in the ICUs of hospitals in Lodz. The materials were collected from the oral cavity, the tracheostomy or endotracheal tube and urine from 16 children and 35 adult...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274093/interactions-between-candida-albicans-and-candida-glabrata-in-biofilms-influence-of-the-strain-type-culture-medium-and-glucose-supplementation
#15
Thayse Yumi Hosida, Thamires Priscila Cavazana, Mariana Henriques, Juliano Pelim Pessan, Alberto Carlos Botazzo Delbem, Douglas Roberto Monteiro
The relationship among Candida species may be influenced by several factors. Thus, this study evaluated the interactions between Candida albicans and Candida glabrata in biofilms, varying the strain type, culture medium and glucose supplementation. Biofilms were formed for 48 h in SDB or RPMI 1640, supplemented with 0, 1 or 5% glucose. Each strain of C. albicans was combined with two strains of C. glabrata, generating 4 biofilm associations, which were quantified by colony-forming units (CFUs), total biomass and metabolic activity...
December 23, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258349/genomic-identification-of-microbial-species-adhering-to-maxillofacial-prostheses-and-susceptibility-to-different-hygiene-protocols
#16
Juliana Barchelli Pinheiro, Marina Peris Vomero, Cássio do Nascimento, Evandro Watanabe, Helena de Freitas Oliveira Paranhos, Neide Pena Coto, Reinaldo Brito Dias, Viviane Cássia de Oliveira, Cláudia Helena Silva-Lovato
This study investigated the microbial colonization of maxillofacial prostheses and support tissues using the Checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization method, and the efficacy of 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate, 10% Ricinus communis solutions, or brushing, on colony forming unit (CFU) reduction in monospecies biofilms (Candida glabrata, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) formed on two silicones (MDX 4-4210 and Bio-Skin). Biofilm was harvested from 43 maxillofacial prosthesis wearers for detection of 38 species of microorganisms...
December 20, 2017: Biofouling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249661/patterns-of-genomic-variation-in-the-opportunistic-pathogen-candida-glabrata-suggest-the-existence-of-mating-and-a-secondary-association-with-humans
#17
Laia Carreté, Ewa Ksiezopolska, Cinta Pegueroles, Emilia Gómez-Molero, Ester Saus, Susana Iraola-Guzmán, Damian Loska, Oliver Bader, Cecile Fairhead, Toni Gabaldón
Candida glabrata is an opportunistic fungal pathogen that ranks as the second most common cause of systemic candidiasis. Despite its genus name, this yeast is more closely related to the model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae than to other Candida pathogens, and hence its ability to infect humans is thought to have emerged independently. Moreover, C. glabrata has all the necessary genes to undergo a sexual cycle but is considered an asexual organism due to the lack of direct evidence of sexual reproduction. To reconstruct the recent evolution of this pathogen and find footprints of sexual reproduction, we assessed genomic and phenotypic variation across 33 globally distributed C...
December 8, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248994/the-phosphorelay-signal-transduction-system-in-candida-glabrata-an-in-silico-analysis
#18
Natalee Carapia-Minero, Juan Arturo Castelán-Vega, Néstor Octavio Pérez, Aída Verónica Rodríguez-Tovar
Signaling systems allow microorganisms to sense and respond to different stimuli through the modification of gene expression. The phosphorelay signal transduction system in eukaryotes involves three proteins: a sensor protein, an intermediate protein and a response regulator, and requires the transfer of a phosphate group between two histidine-aspartic residues. The SLN1-YPD1-SSK1 system enables yeast to adapt to hyperosmotic stress through the activation of the HOG1-MAPK pathway. The genetic sequences available from Saccharomyces cerevisiae were used to identify orthologous sequences in Candida glabrata, and putative genes were identified and characterized by in silico assays...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248112/cooperation-between-er-stress-and-calcineurin-signaling-contributes-to-the-maintenance-of-cell-wall-integrity-in-candida-glabrata
#19
Yutaka Tanaka, Masato Sasaki, Fumie Ito, Toshio Aoyama, Michiyo Sato-Okamoto, Azusa Takahashi-Nakaguchi, Hiroji Chibana, Nobuyuki Shibata
Candida glabrata is the second most common source of Candida infections in humans. In this pathogen, the maintenance of cell wall integrity (CWI) frequently precludes effective pharmacological treatment by antifungal agents. In numerous fungi, cell wall modulation is reported to be controlled by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, but how the latter affects CWI maintenance in C. glabrata is not clearly understood. Here, we characterized a C. glabrata strain harboring a mutation in the CNE1 gene, which encodes a molecular chaperone associated with nascent glycoprotein maturation in the ER...
January 2018: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246167/the-candida-species-that-are-important-for-the-development-of-atrophic-glossitis-in-xerostomia-patients
#20
Sachika Nakamura, Mariko R Okamoto, Ken Yamamoto, Akihisa Tsurumoto, Yoko Yoshino, Hiroshi Iwabuchi, Ichiro Saito, Nobuko Maeda, Yoichi Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to clarify the species of Candida that are important for the development of atrophic glossitis in xerostomia patients. METHODS: A total of 231 patients with subjective dry mouth were enrolled in the present study. Logistic regression analysis was performed to clarify the contribution of each Candida species and other variables to the development of atrophic glossitis. The dependent variable was the absence/presence of atrophic glossitis...
December 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
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