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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715948/the-motivation-facilitation-model-of-sexual-offending
#1
Michael C Seto
In this article, I describe the motivation-facilitation model of sexual offending, which identifies the traits of paraphilia, high sex drive, and intense mating effort as primary motivations for sexual offenses, as well as trait (e.g., antisocial personality) and state (e.g., intoxication) factors that can facilitate acting on these motivations when opportunities exist. Originally developed to explain contact sexual offending against children, the motivation-facilitation model was subsequently extended as an explanation for child pornography offending and for online solicitations of young adolescents...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685351/sex-on-the-silver-screen-using-film-to-teach-about-paraphilias
#2
Renee Sorrentino, Susan Hatters Friedman, Ryan Wagoner, Brad D Booth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594208/field-measures-of-psychopathy-and-sexual-deviance-as-predictors-of-recidivism-among-sexual-offenders
#3
Paige B Harris, Marcus T Boccaccini, Amanda K Rice
Offenders with high levels of both psychopathy and deviant sexual interests are often described as being more prone to recidivate than other sexual offenders, and many forensic evaluators report considering this psychopathy and sexual deviance interaction when coming to conclusions about sex offender risk. However, empirical support for the interaction comes from studies using sexual deviance measures that are rarely used in the field. We examined the ability of Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) field scores and possible field measures of sexual deviance (e...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463345/the-intense-desire-for-healthy-limb-amputation-a-dis-proprioceptive-neuropsychiatric-disorder
#4
Mihir A Upadhyaya, Henry A Nasrallah
BACKGROUND: The first mention of a condition in which apparently nonpsychotic individuals have a strong, unrelenting desire to amputate ≥1 of their healthy limbs was published nearly 4 decades ago. Once dismissed as a paraphilia, the condition in recent years has been re-investigated with neurologic testing and imaging, yielding evidence suggesting it may be attributable to a neuroanatomical anomaly. METHODS: A literature review of data was conducted of recently published studies with pinprick testing, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/functional MRI imaging, magnetoencephalography, and interviews of individuals with a desire for limb amputation...
May 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317108/the-dermatological-appearance-of-a-japanese-paraphilia-tamakeri
#5
Xavier Grimaux, Pierre Bigot, Christian Le Clec'h
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994559/impaired-attentional-control-in-pedophiles-in-a-sexual-distractor-task
#6
Kirsten Jordan, Peter Fromberger, Jakob von Herder, Henrike Steinkrauss, Rebekka Nemetschek, Joachim Witzel, Jürgen L Müller
Pedophilic disorder, a subtype of paraphilia, is defined as a recurrent sexual interest in prepubescent children, which is characterized by persistent thoughts, fantasies, urges, sexual arousal, or behavior. Besides a deviant sexual preference, sexual preoccupation was found to be a dynamic risk factor for reoffending. Thus, it is conceivable that sex offenders and especially sex offenders against children have difficulties to control their responses to sexual stimuli. In the current study pedophiles, forensic and non-forensic control subjects had to solve a cognitive task, while sexual distractors were presented simultaneously...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788526/urolithiasis-in-the-long-term-gnrh-agonist-treatment-of-patients-with-paraphilia-3-case-studies
#7
G Mayrhofer, T Voß, D Wegner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2016: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774812/characteristics-of-self-identified-sexual-addicts-in-a-behavioral-addiction-outpatient-clinic
#8
Aline Wéry, Kim Vogelaere, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju, François-Xavier Poudat, Julie Caillon, Delphine Lever, Joël Billieux, Marie Grall-Bronnec
Background and aims Research on sexual addiction flourished during the last decade, promoted by the development of an increased number of online sexual activities. Despite the accumulation of studies, however, evidence collected in clinical samples of treatment-seeking people remains scarce. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics (socio-demographics, sexual habits, and comorbidities) of self-identified "sexual addicts." Methods The sample was composed of 72 patients who consulted an outpatient treatment center regarding their sexual behaviors...
December 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747123/sexual-masochism-disorder-with-asphyxiophilia-a-deadly-yet-underrecognized-disease
#9
Anna Coluccia, Mario Gabbrielli, Giacomo Gualtieri, Fabio Ferretti, Andrea Pozza, Andrea Fagiolini
DSM-5 distinguishes between paraphilias and paraphilic disorders. Paraphilias are defined as atypical, yet not necessarily disordered, sexual practices. Paraphilic disorders are instead diseases, which include distress, impairment in functioning, or entail risk of harm one's self or others. Hence, DSM-5 new approach to paraphilias demedicalizes and destigmatizes unusual sexual behaviors, provided they are not distressing or detrimental to self or others. Asphyxiophilia, a dangerous and potentially deadly form of sexual masochism involving sexual arousal by oxygen deprivation, are clearly described as disorders...
2016: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701680/-urolithiasis-in-the-long-term-gnrh-agonist-treatment-of-patients-with-paraphilia-3-case-studies
#10
G Mayrhofer, D Wegner, T Voß
The outpatient forensic aftercare department of the Charité Berlin treated 32 paraphilic sex offenders with GnRH analogues within the past 5 years. Out of those patients, three men suffered from urolithiasis and were in need of treatment. All 3 patients had previously developed osteopenia/osteoporosis while on antiandrogen treatment.This article describes these 3 cases and suggests an intense consideration of the possible occurrence of urolithiasis in sex offenders on antiandrogen treatment.
December 2016: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671782/the-development-of-in-vivo-measures-to-assess-the-impact-of-sex-drive-reducing-medications-in-an-offender-with-an-intellectual-disability
#11
Jerry A Rea, Michael R Dixon, Robert D Zettle, Kasey L Wright
The ability to adequately evaluate medications in the treatment of paraphilias has been limited by reliance upon self-report as a measure of effectiveness over periods of time that may be too short to detect reoffending. One solution to this shortcoming is the development of valid, long-term, stable assessment measures. The purpose of this case study was to analyze the effects of Prozac and Provera on an array of behaviors germane to the successful treatment of paraphilias, including: (a) sexual arousal in the laboratory and natural environment, (b) sexual thoughts (deviant and nondeviant) accompanied by arousal in the natural environment, and (c) overt actions in the community associated with increased risk of reoffending over a 31-month period for an exhibitionist with an intellectual disability...
September 26, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665026/reliability-and-validity-of-the-dsm-iv-tr-and-proposed-dsm-5-criteria-for-pedophilia-implications-for-the-icd-11-and-the-next-dsm
#12
Michael C Seto, J Paul Fedoroff, John M Bradford, Natasha Knack, Nicole C Rodrigues, Susan Curry, Brad Booth, Jonathan Gray, Colin Cameron, Dominique Bourget, Sarina Messina, Elizabeth James, Diane Watson, Sanjiv Gulati, Rufino Balmaceda, Adekunle G Ahmed
We tested the inter-rater reliability and criterion-related validity of the DSM-IV-TR pedophilia diagnosis and proposed DSM-5 pedohebephilia diagnosis in a sample of 79 men who had committed child pornography offenses, contact sexual offenses against children, or who were referred because of concerns about whether they had a sexual interest in children. Participants were evaluated by two independent psychiatrists with an interview and questionnaire regarding demographic characteristics, sexual history, and self-reported sexual interests; they also completed phallometric and visual reaction time testing...
September 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600835/is-there-a-relationship-between-borderline-personality-disorder-and-sexual-masochism-in-women
#13
Álvaro Frías, Laura González, Cárol Palma, Núria Farriols
Sexual masochism disorder is considered the most prevalent paraphilia among women. However, little is known about the etiology and clinical correlates involved in this disorder. We aimed at addressing this issue through a potentially high-risk clinical cohort. This case-control study consisted of 60 women who met DSM-IV criteria for borderline personality disorder (BPD) and 60 women with other personality disorders. For both groups, sexual masochism disorder comorbidity was assessed through the Structured Clinical Interview, Sexual Disorders Module...
April 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549306/the-puzzle-of-male-chronophilias
#14
Michael C Seto
In this article, I return to the idea that pedophilia, a sexual interest in prepubescent children, can be considered a sexual orientation for age, in conjunction with the much more widely acknowledged and discussed sexual orientation for gender. Here, I broaden the scope to consider other chronophilias, referring to paraphilias for age/maturity categories other than young sexually mature adults. The puzzle of chronophilias includes questions about etiology and course, how chronophilias are related to each other, and what they can tell us about how human (male) sexuality is organized...
January 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542079/asexuality-sexual-orientation-paraphilia-sexual-dysfunction-or-none-of-the-above
#15
Lori A Brotto, Morag Yule
Although lack of sexual attraction was first quantified by Kinsey, large-scale and systematic research on the prevalence and correlates of asexuality has only emerged over the past decade. Several theories have been posited to account for the nature of asexuality. The goal of this review was to consider the evidence for whether asexuality is best classified as a psychiatric syndrome (or a symptom of one), a sexual dysfunction, or a paraphilia. Based on the available science, we believe there is not sufficient evidence to support the categorization of asexuality as a psychiatric condition (or symptom of one) or as a disorder of sexual desire...
August 19, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401993/aspects-of-sexuality-in-adolescents-and-adults-diagnosed-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-childhood
#16
Lucrecia Cabral Fernandes, Carina I Gillberg, Mats Cederlund, Bibbi Hagberg, Christopher Gillberg, Eva Billstedt
The literature concerning sexuality in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is limited regarding inappropriate sexual behaviours and paraphilias and its relation to age, verbal ability, symptom severity, intellectual ability, or adaptive functioning. A cohort of 184 adolescents and young adults (ages 15-39 years) with ASD diagnosed in childhood, including both low and high functioning individuals, was examined. The large majority were found to have a sexual interest and showed interest towards the opposite sex...
September 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294047/psychosexual-disorders-and-dermatologists
#17
REVIEW
Tarun Narang, Garima, Shubh M Singh
Sexual problems that are psychological in origin, rather than physiological, are called psychosexual disorders. Multiple factors, such as general health of the patient, chronic illnesses, psychiatric/psychological disorders, and socio-cultural factors, alone or in combination can be attributed to the development of psychosexual dysfunctions. The symptoms of these disorders vary for each individual and differ with gender. These disorders may be categorized as sexual dysfunction, paraphilias, and gender identity disorders...
May 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182003/paraphilia-and-sex-offending-a-south-african-criminal-law-perspective
#18
Pieter Carstens, Philip Stevens
Historically, the link between sexual deviance and criminality has been described and documented, asserted by psychiatry, and manifested in law. Laws that have regulated sexual behaviour have referred to terms such as 'sexual deviation', 'sexual perversion' or even archaic moral terms such as 'unnatural acts and unspeakable crimes against nature'. A possible link between sexual perversion, psychopathy, and criminality, specifically manifesting in sexual homicide, has been the subject of remarkable research in forensic psychiatry...
July 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27180212/characteristics-of-paraphilics-in-turkey-a-retrospective-study-20years
#19
Şafak Taktak, Ebru Yılmaz, Oguz Karamustafalıoglu, Ayla Ünsal
OBJECTIVE: This study is carried out to research the frequency of occurrence and the characteristics of paraphilic cases in Turkey and forensic aspects of them and to explain forensic psychiatric studies of people show paraphilic actions and assess them from legal aspects. METHOD: This research is done by studying a total of 101,208 cases who were sent to Istanbul Forensic Medicine Institute (FMI) by the judicial organs of 4th Specialization Board between 1984 and 2004 to decide whether they show paraphilic actions or not...
September 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27135636/education-in-sexual-medicine-a-nationwide-study-among-german-urologists-andrologists-and-urology-residents
#20
I Schloegl, F M Köhn, A Dinkel, H Schulwitz, J E Gschwend, H A G Bosinski, K Herkommer
Although sexual-related problems are very prevalent, inadequate training for physicians has been reported. The aim was to investigate the educational situation in sexual medicine, including sexual dysfunctions, gender dysphoria and paraphilia, among German physicians in urology and andrology. Additional, barriers when addressing sexual health issues and confidence in taking care of patients with sexual-related problems were evaluated. A questionnaire was sent to 5955 urologists, urology residents and andrologists throughout Germany...
March 2017: Andrologia
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