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Erysipelas

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026615/an-unusual-cutaneous-infection-caused-by-mycobacterium-marinum
#1
Federica Veronese, Elisa Zavattaro, Pamela Farinelli, Enrico Colombo, Paola Savoia
Introduction.Mycobacterium marinum is a non-tubercular mycobacterium residing in fresh or salt water (in tropical or temperate areas); it is a fish and human pathogen, and in immunocompromised patients can cause severe cutaneous and subcutaneous infections. Case presentation. A 46-year-old white man who underwent immunosuppressive therapy was admitted to our department in May 2016 for skin lesions previously diagnosed as 'unusual erysipelas'. We rejected the hypothesis of erysipelas, due to the clinical features, and our diagnostic hypotheses were oriented towards sporotrichosis, atypical mycobacteriosis, cutaneous tuberculosis and cutaneous sarcoidosis...
April 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992840/-compression-is-important-in-erysipelas-treatment
#2
EDITORIAL
Maja Villefrance, Annette Høgh, Lena Hagelskjær Kristensen
Erysipelas is a common skin infection involving the lymphatic vessels, which induces an oedema. This has a tendency of persisting after infection is treated. The lymphatic system plays an important role in the immune system, and the impaired lymph drainage leads to a state of local immune deficiency. This is essential to the pathogenesis of recurrent erysipelas, as each episode of erysipelas further damages the lymphatic system and increases the risk of a new infection. This vicious circle makes it important to treat both erysipelas and oedema appropriately to reduce recurrence and morbidity...
October 9, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976997/transcription-analysis-of-the-responses-of-porcine-heart-to-erysipelothrix-rhusiopathiae
#3
Chao Kang, Qiang Zhang, Weifeng Zhu, Chengzhi Cai, Xiaomei Sun, Meilin Jin
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (E. rhusiopathiae) is the causative agent of swine erysipelas. This microbe has caused great economic losses in China and in other countries. In this study, high-throughput cDNA microarray assays were employed to evaluate the host responses of porcine heart to E. rhusiopathiae and to gain additional insights into its pathogenesis. A total of 394 DE transcripts were detected in the active virulent E. rhusiopathiae infection group compared with the PBS group at 4 days post-infection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932317/ventral-abdominal-hernia
#4
Georgi Tchernev, Anastasiya Chokoeva, Jacopo Lotti, Katlein França, Torello Lotti
A 63-year-old Caucasian female patient presented with redness of the both foot and lower legs, as well as edema of the left lower leg, accompanied by subjective complaints of burning. Fever was not reported. Well-circumscribed oval shaped tumor formation was revealed also on the abdominal wall, with hyperpigmented and depigmented areas on its ulcerated surface, measuring approximately 10/10cm in diameter, with soft-elastic texture on palpation. The lesion occurred in 2011, according to the patient's history...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887216/phytochemistry-pharmacology-quality-control-and-future-research-of-forsythia-suspensa-thunb-vahl-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Zhaoyi Wang, Qing Xia, Xin Liu, Wenxue Liu, Wanzhen Huang, Xue Mei, Jun Luo, Mingxu Shan, Zhiqiang Ma, Ruichao Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Forsythiae Fructus (called Lianqiao in Chinese), the fruit of Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl, is utilized as a common traditional medicine in China, Japan and Korea. It is traditionally used to treat pyrexia, inflammation, gonorrhea, carbuncle and erysipelas. Depending on the different harvest time, Forsythiae Fructus can be classified into two forms, namely Qingqiao and Laoqiao. The greenish fruits that start to ripen are collected as Qingqiao, while the yellow fruits that are fully ripe are collected as Laoqiao...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879609/-bacterial-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections
#6
REVIEW
Frank Hanses
Bacterial skin and soft tissue infections are frequent and represent one of the most important differential diagnoses in patients presenting with reddened and swollen skin and soft tissue. Among these infections, cellulitis (phlegmon), erysipelas and abscesses are the most frequent. Whereas erysipelas is almost exclusively caused by streptococci and can be successfully treated with penicillin, an effective antibiotic therapy targeted at Staphylococcus aureus should be empirically considered for abscesses and phlegmon; other pathogens, such as gram negative and anaerobic bacteria can be found in patients with the corresponding underlying disease and certain risk factors...
September 6, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838924/elephantiasis-nostras-verrucosa-secondary-to-recurrent-erysipelas
#7
Alexandra Freitas, Jorge Filipe Miranda Rodrigues
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831302/cutaneous-infection-and-bactaeremia-caused-by-erwinia-billingiae-a-case-report
#8
M Prod'homme, L A Micol, S Weitsch, J-L Gassend, O Martinet, C Bellini
Cellulitis and erysipelas are common skin infections usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus and streptococci. Gram-negative rods are rarely implicated. We report here a case of dermohypodermitis and bactaeremia caused by Erwinia billingiae, a Gram-negative bacteria usually pathogenic and epiphytic to pome fruit tree.
September 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794379/bilateral-milian-s-ear-sign-of-erysipelas
#9
Kiyozumi Suzuki, Hiromasa Otsuka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748022/-primary-congenital-lymphedema-milroy-disease-the-first-case-observed-in-the-department-of-pediatrics-at-the-university-hospital-yalgado-ouedraogo-ouagadougou
#10
Chantal Zoungrana Ouattara, Angèle Kalmogho, Caroline Yonaba, Chantal Gabrielle Bouda, Ghislaine Yaméogo, Ludovic Kam
Congenital lymphedema is the accumulation of lymphatic fluid in the child's interstitial spaces. Milroy disease is a rare, hereditary, autosomal dominant condition showing incomplete penetrance. We report the case of a 7-year old little girl with Milroy disease examined for erysipelas on congenital big right leg. A family history of large congenital member existed. Physical examination showed big oedematous right leg painful to palpation, with skin lichenification and erysipelas. Paraclinical assessment objectified cutaneous lymphedema with vascular involvement suggestive of ectasia of the right saphenous vein...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741584/pitfall-of-modern-genetics-recurrent-erysipelas-masquerading-as-autoinflammatory-disease
#11
E J W Spierings, J W M van der Meer, A Simon
A patient presented with recurrent episodes of fever and skin rash for eight years. DNA analysis of the NLRP3 gene revealed a mutation associated with autoinflammatory disease. After an initial positive response to the biological anakinra, the patient deteriorated. Reassessment revealed recurrent erysipelas. In conclusion, sometimes erysipelas-like skin rash is real erysipelas, and DNA results are not always the final answer.
July 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740776/tc-99m-human-serum-albumin-transit-time-as-a-measure-of-arm-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema
#12
Navid M Toyserkani, Svend Hvidsten, Siavosh Tabatabaeifar, Jane A Simonsen, Poul F Høilund-Carlsen, Jens A Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Lymphoscintigraphy has often been used for evaluating arm lymphatic dysfunction, but no optimal approach for quantification has so far emerged. We propose a quantifiable measure of lymphatic function that we applied in patients treated for breast cancer. METHODS: Eleven patients, aged 34-68 years, with unilateral arm lymphedema following breast cancer treatment underwent bilateral lymphoscintigraphy using intradermal injection in both hands of technetium-99m-labeled human serum albumin and sequential 5 min imaging for 5 hours...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731725/skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2013-2016
#13
Shauna Stahlman, Valerie F Williams, Gi-Taik Oh, Eugene V Millar, Jason W Bennett
During the 4-year surveillance period, there were 282,571 incident cases of skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) among active component U.S. military members diagnosed in inpatient or outpatient settings, corresponding to an overall incidence of 558.2 per 10,000 person-years (p-yrs). An additional 10,904 cases occurred in theater of operations (460.0 per 10,000 p-yrs). Approximately half (49.4%) were classified as "other SSTI" (e.g., folliculitis, impetigo); 45.9% were cellulitis/abscess; 4.6% were carbuncles/furuncles; and 0...
July 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662302/cost-of-illness-of-patients-with-lymphedema
#14
M Gutknecht, K Herberger, K Klose, S Purwins, D Dietz, C Blome, M Augustin
BACKGROUND: Chronic lymphedema is characterized by a continuous need for medical treatment, many comorbidities, and impaired quality of life. In Germany, about 4.5 million patients are affected by lymphedema. Thus, lymphedema causes high direct and indirect costs, even more in case of complications such as erysipelas and ulcers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determinate the costs of illness of community lymphedema patients living in the metropolitan area of Hamburg, Germany...
June 29, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651791/-primary-lymphedema-in-childhood
#15
S Vignes, F Vidal, M Arrault, O Boccara
Lymphedema results from impaired lymphatic transport with increased limb volume and is divided into primary and secondary forms. In children, primary lymphedema is the most frequent, with a sporadic, rarely familial form or associated with complex malformative or genetic disorders. Diagnosis of lymphedema is mainly clinical and lymphoscintigraphy is useful to assess the lymphatic function of both limbs precisely. The main differential diagnosis is overgrowth syndrome. Erysipelas (cellulitis) is the main complication, but psychological or functional discomfort may occur throughout the course of lymphedema...
June 23, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631307/interventions-for-the-prevention-of-recurrent-erysipelas-and-cellulitis
#16
REVIEW
Adam Dalal, Marina Eskin-Schwartz, Daniel Mimouni, Sujoy Ray, Walford Days, Emmilia Hodak, Leonard Leibovici, Mical Paul
BACKGROUND: Erysipelas and cellulitis (hereafter referred to as 'cellulitis') are common bacterial skin infections usually affecting the lower extremities. Despite their burden of morbidity, the evidence for different prevention strategies is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the beneficial and adverse effects of antibiotic prophylaxis or other prophylactic interventions for the prevention of recurrent episodes of cellulitis in adults aged over 16. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases up to June 2016: the Cochrane Skin Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, and LILACS...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596049/modern-science-for-better-quality-control-of-medicinal-products-towards-global-harmonization-of-3rs-in-biologicals-the-report-of-an-epaa-workshop
#17
Katrin Schutte, Anna Szczepanska, Marlies Halder, Klaus Cussler, Ursula G Sauer, Catrina Stirling, Sylvie Uhlrich, Iwona Wilk-Zasadna, David John, Martin Bopst, Joerg Garbe, Harrie L Glansbeek, Robin Levis, Pieter-Jan Serreyn, Dean Smith, Paul Stickings
This article summarizes the outcome of an international workshop organized by the European Partnership for Alternative Approaches to Animal Testing (EPAA) on Modern science for better quality control of medicinal products: Towards global harmonization of 3Rs in biologicals. As regards the safety testing of biologicals, the workshop participants agreed to actively encourage the deletion of abnormal toxicity tests and target animal batch safety tests from all relevant legal requirements and guidance documents (country-specific guidelines, pharmacopoeia monographs, WHO recommendations)...
June 5, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595500/the-genus-patrinia-a-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-studies
#18
REVIEW
Xirui He, Fei Luan, Zefeng Zhao, Ning Ning, Maoxing Li, Ling Jin, Yu Chang, Qiang Zhang, Ni Wu, Linhong Huang
The aim of the present review is to comprehensively outline the botanical description, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of Patrinia, and to discuss possible trends for the further study of medicinal plants from the genus Patrinia. The genus Patrinia plays an important role in Asian medicine for the treatment of erysipelas, conjunctival congestion with swelling and pain, peri-appendicular abscesses, lung carbuncle, dysentery, leucorrhea, and postpartum disease. More than 210 chemical constituents have been isolated and identified from Patrinia plants, especially P...
2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558744/tocilizumab-in-the-treatment-of-twelve-cases-with-aa-amyloidosis-secondary-to-familial-mediterranean-fever
#19
Serdal Ugurlu, Aysa Hacioglu, Yasaman Adibnia, Vedat Hamuryudan, Huri Ozdogan
BACKGROUND: There is no established treatment of AA amyloidosis, a long-term complication of various chronic inflammatory diseases associated with increased mortality, such as familial Mediterranian fever (FMF). Recently there are few reports pointing out that tocilizumab(TCZ), an anti IL-6 agent may be effective in AA amyloidosis resistant to conventional treatments. We report our data on the effect of TCZ in patients with FMF complicated with AA amyloidosis. METHODS: FMF patients with histologically proven AA amyloidosis, treated with TCZ (8 mg/kg per month) were followed monthly and the changes in creatinine, creatinine clearance, the amount of 24-hour urinary protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were noted throughout the treatment period...
May 30, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512644/analysis-of-serum-cytokines-and-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-of-sod1-sod2-and-cat-in-erysipelas-patients
#20
Charles C Emene, Irina E Kravchenko, Gulnaz I Aibatova, Albert A Rizvanov
Increased free radical production had been documented in group A (β-hemolytic) streptococcus infection cases. Comparing 71 erysipelas patients to 55 age-matched healthy individuals, we sought for CAT, SOD1, and SOD2 single polymorphism mutation (SNPs) interactions with erysipelas' predisposition and serum cytokine levels in the acute and recovery phases of erysipelas infection. Whereas female patients had a higher predisposition to erysipelas, male patients were prone to having a facial localization of the infection...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
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