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growth hormone deficiency, hypopituitarism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878771/growth-hormone-deficiency-and-hypopituitarism-in-adults-after-complicated-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Stefania Giuliano, Serafina Talarico, Lucia Bruno, Francesco Beniamino Nicoletti, Claudio Ceccotti, Antonino Belfiore
PURPOSE: Traumatic brain injury is considered the main cause of hypopituitarism in adults, and GH deficiency appears to be the most frequent pituitary deficit. Most of the available studies have included all degrees of severity of trauma. We aimed to assess pituitary function and GH deficiency in adult patients at different time lengths after complicated mild TBI according to Glasgow Coma Scale. We also aimed to evaluate whether mild TBI patients with GH deficiency had developed alterations in the glycolipid profile...
November 23, 2016: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872046/pituitary-dysfunction-after-traumatic-brain-injury-are-there-definitive-data-in-children
#2
REVIEW
Paula Casano-Sancho
In the past decade, several studies in adults and children have described the risk of pituitary dysfunction after traumatic brain injury (TBI). As a result, an international consensus statement recommended follow-up on the survivors. This paper reviews published studies regarding hypopituitarism after TBI in children and compares their results. The prevalence of hypopituitarism ranges from 5% to 57%. Growth hormone (GH) and ACTH deficiency are the most common, followed by gonadotropins and thyroid-stimulating hormone...
November 21, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867878/prevalence-of-hypothalamo-pituitary-dysfunction-in-patients-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
K V S Hari Kumar, M N Swamy, M A Khan
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common in young soldiers of armed forces leading to significant morbidity and mortality. We studied the prevalence of hypopituitarism following TBI and its association with trauma severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a 12-month prospective study of 56 TBI patients for the presence of hormonal dysfunction. Hormonal parameters were estimated during the early phase (0-10 days posttraumatically) and after 6 and 12 months...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820671/contribution-of-lhx4-mutations-to-pituitary-deficits-in-a-cohort-of-417-unrelated-patients
#4
Enzo Cohen, Mohamad Maghnie, Nathalie Collot, Juliane Leger, Florence Dastot, Michel Polak, Sophie Rose, Philippe Touraine, Philippe Duquesnoy, Maïté Tauber, Bruno Copin, Anne-Marie Bertrand, Frederic Brioude, Daniela Larizza, Thomas Edouard, Laura González Briceño, Irène Netchine, Isabelle Oliver-Petit, Marie-Laure Sobrier, Serge Amselem, Marie Legendre
CONTEXT: LHX4 encodes a LIM-homeodomain transcription factor implicated in early pituitary development. In humans, only 13 heterozygous LHX4 mutations have been associated with congenital hypopituitarism. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of LHX4 mutations in patients with hypopituitarism, and to precise the associated phenotypes. To characterize the functional impact of the identified variants and the respective role of the two LIM domains of LHX4. PATIENTS AND DESIGN: We screened 417 unrelated patients with isolated growth hormone deficiency or combined pituitary hormone deficiency associated with ectopic posterior pituitary and/or sella turcica anomalies for LHX4 mutations (Sanger sequencing)...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789461/hypopituitarism-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
REVIEW
Suma Uday, Nick Shaw, Ruth Krone, Jeremy Kirk
Poor growth and delayed puberty in children with cerebral palsy is frequently felt to be related to malnutrition. Although growth hormone deficiency is commonly described in these children, multiple pituitary hormone deficiency (MPHD) has not been previously reported. We present a series of four children with cerebral palsy who were born before 29 weeks gestation who were referred to the regional endocrinology service, three for delayed puberty and one for short stature, in whom investigations identified MPHD...
October 27, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778105/can-early-clinical-parameters-predict-post-traumatic-pituitary-dysfunction-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
O Nemes, N Kovacs, Sz Szujo, B Bodis, L Bajnok, A Buki, T Doczi, E Czeiter, E Mezosi
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic hypopituitarism is a major complication after severe head trauma. The aim of our study was to evaluate the possible role of early clinical parameters in the development of endocrine deficits. METHODS: Data on endocrine function, on-admission clinical-, laboratory-, and ICU-monitored parameters were available in 63 patients of the surviving 86 severe head injury patients (post-resuscitation GCS under 8) treated at one neurosurgical center during a 10-year period...
October 25, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770012/life-expectancy-in-patients-with-pituitary-adenoma-receiving-growth-hormone-replacement
#7
Daniel S Olsson, Penelope Trimpou, Tobias Hallén, Ing-Liss Bryngelsson, Eva Andersson, Thomas Skoglund, Bengt-Åke Bengtsson, Gudmundur Johannsson, Anna G Nilsson
Hypopituitarism has been associated with an increased mortality, which may be due to untreated growth hormone (GH) deficiency but also to the various underlying disorders. We therefore analysed mortality in patients with only one underlying disorder, non-functioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA), with and without GH replacement therapy (GHRT). Patients with NFPA in the western region of Sweden, 1997-2011, were identified through the National Patient Registry and cross-referenced with several National Health Registries...
October 21, 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709644/a-case-of-hypopituitarism-accompanying-kearns-sayre-syndrome-treated-with-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Y-X Kang, Y-J Wang, Q Zhang, X-H Pang, W Gu
Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) is a disorder caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA. Here, we report an unusual case of Kearns-Sayre syndrome accompanied by hypopituitarism (deficiencies in reproductive and growth hormones). A 20-year-old male presented with growth retardation for the last 8 years, as well as the following findings: short stature, delayed puberty, myasthenia, an extraocular movement deficit, drooping eyelids, pectus carinatum and scoliosis. Cerebral enhanced magnetic resonance imaging revealed dysplasias of the pituitary, white matter and cerebellum...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635959/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-for-pretreatment-endocrine-evaluation-of-patients-with-nonfunctioning-pituitary-adenomas
#9
Maria Fleseriu, Mary E Bodach, Luis M Tumialan, Vivien Bonert, Nelson M Oyesiku, Chirag G Patil, Zachary Litvack, Manish K Aghi, Gabriel Zada
BACKGROUND: Nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are among the most common pituitary lesions and may present with hypopituitarism and/or hyperprolactinemia. OBJECTIVE: To review the existing literature as it pertains to preoperative endocrine assessment in the workup for NFPAs. METHODS: A systematic review methodology was utilized to identify and screen articles assessing the role and results of preoperative laboratory assessment in patients with NFPAs...
October 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495178/systemic-sarcoidosis-with-hypercalcaemia-hypothalamic-pituitary-dysfunction-and-thyroid-involvement
#10
Nassib Alsahwi, Delali Blavo, Harsha Karanchi
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder. The lungs are the principal organs affected, however, extrapulmonary involvement including disorders of the pituitary and thyroid glands has been reported but presentation with multiple endocrine manifestations is rare. We report the case of a 36-year-old African-American woman who presented with hypercalcaemia, abnormal thyroid function studies and secondary amenorrhoea. On workup including laboratory, radiological testing and biopsy she was diagnosed with sarcoidosis with multi-organ involvement...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472279/circulating-levels-of-irisin-in-hypopituitary-and-normal-subjects
#11
Lara Pena-Bello, Sonia Pértega-Diaz, Susana Sangiao-Alvarellos, Elena Outeiriño-Blanco, Raquel Eiras-Leal, Bárbara Varela-Rodriguez, Paula Juiz-Valiña, Miguel Pérez-Fontán, María Cordido, Fernando Cordido
CONTEXT: The recently identified myokine irisin conveys some of the benefits of exercise. Hypopituitarism with adult growth hormone deficiency (HP) is a situation characterized by decreased GH secretion and an altered body composition. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the skeletal muscle hormone irisin in HP, and compare the results with a similar group of normal subjects. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Seventeen HP patients and fifty-one normal subjects of similar age and sex were studied...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382091/endocrine-abnormalities-in-aging-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study
#12
Sogol Mostoufi-Moab, Kristy Seidel, Wendy M Leisenring, Gregory T Armstrong, Kevin C Oeffinger, Marilyn Stovall, Lillian R Meacham, Daniel M Green, Rita Weathers, Jill P Ginsberg, Leslie L Robison, Charles A Sklar
PURPOSE: The development of endocrinopathies in survivors of childhood cancer as they age remains understudied. We characterized endocrine outcomes in aging survivors from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study on the basis of therapeutic exposures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed self-reported conditions in 14,290 5-year survivors from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, with a median age 6 years (range, < 1 to 20 years) at diagnosis and 32 years (range, 5 to 58 years) at last follow-up...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323579/short-stature-wha-t-is-the-cause-in-our-population
#13
Fahim Ullah, Tahir Ghaffar, Ayesha Khan Afridi, Ashfaq Ali, Aziz ul hasan Aamir
BACKGROUND: Globally children and adolescents with growth failure are referred to specialized units for evaluation and management. We designed this study to determine the cause of short stature in children and adolescents referred to our endocrine unit for evaluation and further management. METHODS: This descriptive cross sectional study was performed in the Department of Endocrine, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar. Children and adolescents between 2-20 years with height below 2 SDS or less then 3rd percentile for their age and gender were included while those with kyphoscoliosis, thalassemia major, diabetes mellitus type-1 were excluded...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299576/a-novel-mutation-in-otx2-causes-combined-pituitary-hormone-deficiency-bilateral-microphthalmia-and-agenesis-of-the-left-internal-carotid-artery
#14
Aya Shimada, Masaki Takagi, Yuka Nagashima, Kentaro Miyai, Yukihiro Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Mutations in OTX2 cause hypopituitarism, ranging from isolated growth hormone deficiency to combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD), which are commonly detected in association with severe eye abnormalities, including anophthalmia or microphthalmia. Pituitary phenotypes of OTX2 mutation carriers are highly variable; however, ACTH deficiency during the neonatal period is not common in previous reports. OBJECTIVE: We report a novel missense OTX2 (R89P) mutation in a CPHD patient with severe hypoglycemia in the neonatal period due to ACTH deficiency, bilateral microphthalmia, and agenesis of the left internal carotid artery (ICA)...
2016: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231511/-late-onset-pituitary-stalk-interruption-syndrome-psis
#15
Héla Marmouch, Samah Graja, Sondes Arfa, Fadia Boubaker, Ines Khochtali
Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome is a fairly common cause of the deficiency of Growth Hormone and hypopituitarism often revealed in the neonatal period and childhood. This observation illustrates the peculiarities of a late clinical onset of this syndrome. We report a case of a 17-year-old patient hospitalized for primary amenorrhoea and impuberism. She had no history of neonatal incident. Clinical examination revealed severe growth retardation Hypophysiogramme showed complete hypopituitarism without diabetes insipidus...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132724/coeliac-disease-in-patients-with-short-stature-a-tertiary-care-centre-experience
#16
Prashant Singh, Piyush Kumar Sharma, Abhishek Agnihotri, Viveka P Jyotsna, Prasenjit Das, Siddhartha Datta Gupta, Govind K Makharia, Rajesh Khadgawat
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the prevalence of coeliac disease among children with short stature at a tertiary care centre and to define the predictors for coeliac disease, if any, in them. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we reviewed the case records of children and adolescents with growth retardation attending the Paediatric Endocrinology Clinic from January 2008 to June 2011. All patients underwent the multi-tier stratified diagnostic protocol for complete evaluation of short stature...
July 2015: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128968/the-effect-of-hypopituitarism-on-fatigue-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#17
L Khajeh, G M Ribbers, M H Heijenbrok-Kal, K Blijdorp, D W J Dippel, E M Sneekes, H J G van den Berg-Emons, A J van der Lely, S J C M M Neggers, F van Kooten
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) survivors often complain of fatigue, which is disabling. Fatigue is also a common symptom of pituitary dysfunction (PD), in particular in patients with growth hormone deficiency (GHD). A possible association between fatigue after SAH and long-term pituitary deficiency in SAH survivors has not yet been established. METHODS: A single center observational study was conducted amongst 84 aneurysmal SAH survivors to study the relationship between PD and fatigue over time after SAH, using mixed model analysis...
August 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084998/regulation-of-fuel-metabolism-during-exercise-in-hypopituitarism-with-growth-hormone-deficiency-ghd
#18
Thomas Zueger, Hannah Loher, Andrea Egger, Chris Boesch, Emanuel Christ
OBJECTIVE: Growth hormone (GH) has a strong lipolytic action and its secretion is increased during exercise. Data on fuel metabolism and its hormonal regulation during prolonged exercise in patients with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is scarce. This study aimed at evaluating the hormonal and metabolic response during aerobic exercise in GHD patients. DESIGN: Ten patients with confirmed GHD and 10 healthy control individuals (CI) matched for age, sex, BMI, and waist performed a spiroergometric test to determine exercise capacity (VO2max)...
August 2016: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083162/igf-i-levels-reflect-hypopituitarism-severity-in-adults-with-pituitary-dysfunction
#19
Amit Tirosh, Yoel Toledano, Hiba Masri-Iraqi, Yoav Eizenberg, Gloria Tzvetov, Dania Hirsch, Carlos Benbassat, Eyal Robenshtok, Ilan Shimon
PURPOSE: To evaluate the utility of Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) standard deviation score (SDS) as a surrogate marker of severity of hypopituitarism in adults with pituitary pathology. METHODS: We performed a retrospective data analysis, including 269 consecutive patients with pituitary disease attending a tertiary endocrine clinic in 1990-2015. The medical files were reviewed for the complete pituitary hormone profile, including IGF-I, and clinical data...
August 2016: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27041067/hypopituitarism
#20
REVIEW
Claire E Higham, Gudmundur Johannsson, Stephen M Shalet
Hypopituitarism refers to deficiency of one or more hormones produced by the anterior pituitary or released from the posterior pituitary. Hypopituitarism is associated with excess mortality, a key risk factor being cortisol deficiency due to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency. Onset can be acute or insidious, and the most common cause in adulthood is a pituitary adenoma, or treatment with pituitary surgery or radiotherapy. Hypopituitarism is diagnosed based on baseline blood sampling for thyroid stimulating hormone, gonadotropin, and prolactin deficiencies, whereas for ACTH, growth hormone, and antidiuretic hormone deficiency dynamic stimulation tests are usually needed...
November 12, 2016: Lancet
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