Read by QxMD icon Read

growth hormone deficiency, hypopituitarism

Daniel S Olsson, Penelope Trimpou, Tobias Hallén, Ing-Liss Bryngelsson, Eva Andersson, Thomas Skoglund, Bengt-Åke Bengtsson, Gudmundur Johannsson, Anna G Nilsson
Hypopituitarism has been associated with an increased mortality, which may be due to untreated growth hormone (GH) deficiency but also to the various underlying disorders. We therefore analysed mortality in patients with only one underlying disorder, non-functioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA), with and without GH replacement therapy (GHRT). Patients with NFPA in the western region of Sweden, 1997-2011, were identified through the National Patient Registry and cross-referenced with several National Health Registries...
October 21, 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
Y-X Kang, Y-J Wang, Q Zhang, X-H Pang, W Gu
Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) is a disorder caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA. Here, we report an unusual case of Kearns-Sayre syndrome accompanied by hypopituitarism (deficiencies in reproductive and growth hormones). A 20-year-old male presented with growth retardation for the last 8 years, as well as the following findings: short stature, delayed puberty, myasthenia, an extraocular movement deficit, drooping eyelids, pectus carinatum and scoliosis. Cerebral enhanced magnetic resonance imaging revealed dysplasias of the pituitary, white matter and cerebellum...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
Maria Fleseriu, Mary E Bodach, Luis M Tumialan, Vivien Bonert, Nelson M Oyesiku, Chirag G Patil, Zachary Litvack, Manish K Aghi, Gabriel Zada
BACKGROUND: Nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are among the most common pituitary lesions and may present with hypopituitarism and/or hyperprolactinemia. OBJECTIVE: To review the existing literature as it pertains to preoperative endocrine assessment in the workup for NFPAs. METHODS: A systematic review methodology was utilized to identify and screen articles assessing the role and results of preoperative laboratory assessment in patients with NFPAs...
October 2016: Neurosurgery
Nassib Alsahwi, Delali Blavo, Harsha Karanchi
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder. The lungs are the principal organs affected, however, extrapulmonary involvement including disorders of the pituitary and thyroid glands has been reported but presentation with multiple endocrine manifestations is rare. We report the case of a 36-year-old African-American woman who presented with hypercalcaemia, abnormal thyroid function studies and secondary amenorrhoea. On workup including laboratory, radiological testing and biopsy she was diagnosed with sarcoidosis with multi-organ involvement...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Lara Pena-Bello, Sonia Pértega-Diaz, Susana Sangiao-Alvarellos, Elena Outeiriño-Blanco, Raquel Eiras-Leal, Bárbara Varela-Rodriguez, Paula Juiz-Valiña, Miguel Pérez-Fontán, María Cordido, Fernando Cordido
CONTEXT: The recently identified myokine irisin conveys some of the benefits of exercise. Hypopituitarism with adult growth hormone deficiency (HP) is a situation characterized by decreased GH secretion and an altered body composition. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the skeletal muscle hormone irisin in HP, and compare the results with a similar group of normal subjects. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Seventeen HP patients and fifty-one normal subjects of similar age and sex were studied...
2016: PloS One
Sogol Mostoufi-Moab, Kristy Seidel, Wendy M Leisenring, Gregory T Armstrong, Kevin C Oeffinger, Marilyn Stovall, Lillian R Meacham, Daniel M Green, Rita Weathers, Jill P Ginsberg, Leslie L Robison, Charles A Sklar
PURPOSE: The development of endocrinopathies in survivors of childhood cancer as they age remains understudied. We characterized endocrine outcomes in aging survivors from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study on the basis of therapeutic exposures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed self-reported conditions in 14,290 5-year survivors from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, with a median age 6 years (range, < 1 to 20 years) at diagnosis and 32 years (range, 5 to 58 years) at last follow-up...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Fahim Ullah, Tahir Ghaffar, Ayesha Khan Afridi, Ashfaq Ali, Aziz ul hasan Aamir
BACKGROUND: Globally children and adolescents with growth failure are referred to specialized units for evaluation and management. We designed this study to determine the cause of short stature in children and adolescents referred to our endocrine unit for evaluation and further management. METHODS: This descriptive cross sectional study was performed in the Department of Endocrine, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar. Children and adolescents between 2-20 years with height below 2 SDS or less then 3rd percentile for their age and gender were included while those with kyphoscoliosis, thalassemia major, diabetes mellitus type-1 were excluded...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Aya Shimada, Masaki Takagi, Yuka Nagashima, Kentaro Miyai, Yukihiro Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Mutations in OTX2 cause hypopituitarism, ranging from isolated growth hormone deficiency to combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD), which are commonly detected in association with severe eye abnormalities, including anophthalmia or microphthalmia. Pituitary phenotypes of OTX2 mutation carriers are highly variable; however, ACTH deficiency during the neonatal period is not common in previous reports. OBJECTIVE: We report a novel missense OTX2 (R89P) mutation in a CPHD patient with severe hypoglycemia in the neonatal period due to ACTH deficiency, bilateral microphthalmia, and agenesis of the left internal carotid artery (ICA)...
2016: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
Héla Marmouch, Samah Graja, Sondes Arfa, Fadia Boubaker, Ines Khochtali
Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome is a fairly common cause of the deficiency of Growth Hormone and hypopituitarism often revealed in the neonatal period and childhood. This observation illustrates the peculiarities of a late clinical onset of this syndrome. We report a case of a 17-year-old patient hospitalized for primary amenorrhoea and impuberism. She had no history of neonatal incident. Clinical examination revealed severe growth retardation Hypophysiogramme showed complete hypopituitarism without diabetes insipidus...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Prashant Singh, Piyush Kumar Sharma, Abhishek Agnihotri, Viveka P Jyotsna, Prasenjit Das, Siddhartha Datta Gupta, Govind K Makharia, Rajesh Khadgawat
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the prevalence of coeliac disease among children with short stature at a tertiary care centre and to define the predictors for coeliac disease, if any, in them. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we reviewed the case records of children and adolescents with growth retardation attending the Paediatric Endocrinology Clinic from January 2008 to June 2011. All patients underwent the multi-tier stratified diagnostic protocol for complete evaluation of short stature...
July 2015: National Medical Journal of India
L Khajeh, G M Ribbers, M H Heijenbrok-Kal, K Blijdorp, D W J Dippel, E M Sneekes, H J G van den Berg-Emons, A J van der Lely, S J C M M Neggers, F van Kooten
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) survivors often complain of fatigue, which is disabling. Fatigue is also a common symptom of pituitary dysfunction (PD), in particular in patients with growth hormone deficiency (GHD). A possible association between fatigue after SAH and long-term pituitary deficiency in SAH survivors has not yet been established. METHODS: A single center observational study was conducted amongst 84 aneurysmal SAH survivors to study the relationship between PD and fatigue over time after SAH, using mixed model analysis...
August 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Thomas Zueger, Hannah Loher, Andrea Egger, Chris Boesch, Emanuel Christ
OBJECTIVE: Growth hormone (GH) has a strong lipolytic action and its secretion is increased during exercise. Data on fuel metabolism and its hormonal regulation during prolonged exercise in patients with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is scarce. This study aimed at evaluating the hormonal and metabolic response during aerobic exercise in GHD patients. DESIGN: Ten patients with confirmed GHD and 10 healthy control individuals (CI) matched for age, sex, BMI, and waist performed a spiroergometric test to determine exercise capacity (VO2max)...
August 2016: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
Amit Tirosh, Yoel Toledano, Hiba Masri-Iraqi, Yoav Eizenberg, Gloria Tzvetov, Dania Hirsch, Carlos Benbassat, Eyal Robenshtok, Ilan Shimon
PURPOSE: To evaluate the utility of Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) standard deviation score (SDS) as a surrogate marker of severity of hypopituitarism in adults with pituitary pathology. METHODS: We performed a retrospective data analysis, including 269 consecutive patients with pituitary disease attending a tertiary endocrine clinic in 1990-2015. The medical files were reviewed for the complete pituitary hormone profile, including IGF-I, and clinical data...
August 2016: Pituitary
Claire E Higham, Gudmundur Johannsson, Stephen M Shalet
Hypopituitarism refers to deficiency of one or more hormones produced by the anterior pituitary or released from the posterior pituitary. Hypopituitarism is associated with excess mortality, a key risk factor being cortisol deficiency due to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency. Onset can be acute or insidious, and the most common cause in adulthood is a pituitary adenoma, or treatment with pituitary surgery or radiotherapy. Hypopituitarism is diagnosed based on baseline blood sampling for thyroid stimulating hormone, gonadotropin, and prolactin deficiencies, whereas for ACTH, growth hormone, and antidiuretic hormone deficiency dynamic stimulation tests are usually needed...
March 31, 2016: Lancet
Junxiang Peng, Mingxing Qiu, Songtao Qi, Danling Li, Yuping Peng
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to characterize hypopituitarism in adult males with prolactinomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 102 consecutive patients, classified under three categories based on adenoma size at diagnosis: 1.0-2.0cm (group A), 2.1-4.0cm (group B), and >4.0cm (group C). Further, 76 patients had successful outcomes at follow-up. We compared different forms of pituitary hormone dysfunction (growth hormone deficiency, hypogonadism, hypothyroidism, and hypocortisolism) based on the maximal adenoma diameter...
May 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Qing Fang, Anna Flavia Figueredo Benedetti, Qianyi Ma, Louise Gregory, Jun Z Li, Mehul Dattani, Abdollah Sadeghi-Nejad, Ivo J P Arnhold, Berenice Bilharinho Mendonca, Sally A Camper, Luciani R Carvalho
INTRODUCTION: Mutations in the transcription factor HESX1 can cause isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD) or combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) with or without septo-optic dysplasia (SOD). So far there is no clear genotype-phenotype correlation. PATIENTS AND RESULTS: We report four different recessive loss-of-function mutations in three unrelated families with CPHD and no midline defects or SOD. A homozygous p.R160C mutation was found by Sanger sequencing in two siblings from a consanguineous family...
September 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
Carly Stewart, Pamela Garcia-Filion, Cassandra Fink, Anna Ryabets-Lienhard, Mitchell E Geffner, Mark Borchert
BACKGROUND: Hypopituitarism and obesity are causes of major lifelong morbidity in patients with optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH). Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) affects the majority of children with ONH, though the degree of deficiency and variability of early growth patterns range from early severe retardation to normal initial growth. The utility of early GH replacement for improving anthropometric, body composition, and lipid outcomes in patients with ONH and GHD, especially those with normal initial height velocity, is unknown...
2016: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology
V Munro, B Tugwell, S Doucette, D B Clarke, A Lacroix, S A Imran
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported recovery of secondary adrenal insufficiency (SAI) in patients with pituitary disorders, generally immediately after pituitary surgery; however, data regarding recovery of long-term SAI are lacking. We conducted a study to assess the longer term recovery rate of SAI in patients with pituitary disorders. METHODS: We identified all SAI patients in the Halifax Neuropituitary Database from 1 November 2005 to 30 September 2014, who had required glucocorticoid therapy for ≥3 months, and had a minimum follow-up of 6 months...
August 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
Seong Yeon Kim
Hypopituitarism is a chronic endocrine illness that caused by varied etiologies. Clinical manifestations of hypopituitarism are variable, often insidious in onset and dependent on the degree and severity of hormone deficiency. However, it is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Therefore, early diagnosis and prompt treatment is necessary. Hypopituitarism can be easily diagnosed by measuring basal pituitary and target hormone levels except growth hormone (GH) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency...
December 2015: Endocrinology and Metabolism
Jessica R Wilson, Andrea L Utz, Jessica K Devin
OBJECTIVE: Body weight blunts the growth hormone (GH) response to provocative stimuli. The appropriate GH cut-off to confirm GH deficiency in obese and overweight patients undergoing the glucagon stimulation test (GST) has recently been questioned. We hypothesized that the peak GH would be inversely related to the nadir blood glucose (BG) after glucagon and that this may be a mechanism influencing peak GH in overweight patients. This retrospective study examined effects of gender, body weight, and BG dynamics on GH response to GST in patients evaluated in our Pituitary Center...
February 2016: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"