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Oral Capillary hemangioma

Hatem M Marey, Hesham F Elmazar, Sameh S Mandour, Hany A Khairy
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of combined oral and topical beta blockers for the treatment of superficial periocular infantile hemangioma at the early proliferative stage. METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled comparison trial involving 25 patients. Patients were randomly enrolled into two groups: the topical and systemic treatment and systemic treatment only groups. The topical and systemic treatment group was treated with oral propranolol (1 mg/kg per day initially, increased to 2 mg/kg per day gradually in 2 weeks) and timolol maleate 0...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Divashree Sharma, Geeta Mishra Tripathi, Sourabh Dixit, Ajay Pillai, Shaji Thomas
BACKGROUND: Lobular capillary hemangioma is a common benign vascular tumor seen in the oral cavity. It occurs in response to various stimuli such as low-grade local irritation, traumatic insult, and hormonal factors or as a response to a wide variety of drugs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients presenting to the Department of Dentistry, Shyam Shah Medical College, Rewa, Madhya Pradesh during July 2014 to June 2016, who were diagnosed by histopathologic confirmation as oral lobular capillary hemangioma (OLCH), were evaluated for the area involved, clinicopathologic presentation, demographic features, and treatment...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Lester D Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Tiago João da Silva Filho, Denise Hélen Imaculada Pereira de Oliveira, Veruska Lima Moura Brasil, Cassiano Francisco Weege Nonaka, Éricka Janine Dantas da Silveira, Lélia Maria Guedes Queiroz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cases diagnosed as "oral hemangiomas" based on the immunohistochemical expression of human glucose transporter protein (GLUT-1) and on histopathological features, and to investigate whether the classification proposed by the ISSVA was used correctly to classify these lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All cases stored in the archives of an Oral Pathology Service and diagnosed as "oral hemangiomas" were reviewed. Seventy-seven cases were analyzed regarding the expression of GLUT-1...
August 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Dawn K De Castro, Zhi Yang Ng, Paul W Holzer, Milton Waner, Curtis L Cetrulo, Aaron Fay
PURPOSE: Vascular lip anomalies include infantile hemangiomas, venous malformations, and arteriovenous malformations. Surgical management can be complicated by alterations in horizontal length, vertical height, and lip thickness from the underlying pathology. Additional reconstructive challenges include preservation of oral continence, vermillion definition, and the sublabial sulcus. This report describes a technique of supramaximal single-stage full-thickness wedge resection of these lesions...
November 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Elsa Haine, Annick Sevely, Sergio Boetto, Marie-Bernadette Delisle, Claude Cances
A 21-day-old male infant was admitted with signs of intracranial hypertension. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a voluminous mass in the posterior fossa with an intense peripheral enhancement on T1 images with gadolinium. The child was treated secondarily by surgical decompression of the posterior fossa and the lesion was biopsied. The pathological findings indicated infantile hemangioma. Treatment with oral prednisolone was initiated at 3 months, given the lack of tumor involution. Six months after corticotherapy was stopped, repeated MRIs indicated a significant reduction in tumor size and then complete disappearance...
October 2017: Neuropediatrics
Stephany Vasco Ferreira, Flávia Caló Aquino Xavier, Maria da Conceição Andrade de Freitas, Fábio Daumas Nunes, Clarissa Araújo Gurgel, Maria Cristina Teixeira Cangussu, Manoela Domingues Martins, Valéria Souza Freitas, Jean Nunes Dos Santos
In view of the similarity of clinicopathological features between reactive lesions of the oral cavity, the objective of the present study was to investigate the density of MCs (mast cells) and microvessels in a series of these lesions. Thirty-seven cases of reactive lesions including fibrous hyperplasia (FH, n=10), inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (IFH, n=10), peripheral giant cell lesion (PGCL, n=10) and lobular capillary hemangioma (LCH, n=7) were investigated using immunohistochemistry for mast cell tryptase and CD34...
September 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
Marshall W Meeks, Umar M Kamal, Muhammad B Hammami, Jason R Taylor, M Louay Omran, Yongxin Chen, Jin-Ping Lai
Pyogenic granuloma (PG), more accurately known as lobular capillary hemangioma, is a benign vascular tumor that usually occurs in the skin or oral mucosa. This lesion is rarely reported in the gastrointestinal tract but is known to bleed if not resected. We herein describe a case series with the clinical, endoscopic, and histologic findings of four cases of gastrointestinal PG at our institution. In addition, we provide a review of the literature and summation of all reported cases of PG specific to the gastrointestinal tract...
2016: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Vinay Marla, Ashish Shrestha, Khushboo Goel, Sajeev Shrestha
Background. Pyogenic granuloma is a reactive tumor-like lesion commonly affecting the oral cavity. These lesions usually appear as localized solitary nodule with a sessile or pedunculated base and colour varying from red, purplish, or pink, depending on the vascularity of the lesion. Pyogenic granuloma shows predilection for gingiva and is usually slow growing, but at times it shows rapid growth. The natural course of this lesion can be categorized into three distinct phases, namely, (i) cellular phase, (ii) capillary phase/vascular phase, and (iii) involutionary phase...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Vishal Vohra, Pulkit Gupta, Praveen K Malik, Ashok Pathak
Capillary hemangioma is one the most common tumors of eyelid and orbit reported in pediatric age group. Oral propranolol therapy is latest addition to the armamentarium of treatment options available to ophthalmologists in treating capillary hemangiomas. We report the successful response to propranolol therapy to a 5-year-old child with capillary hemangioma involving lids, orbit, and the paranasal sinuses. A long-term follow-up is necessary for the prognostic efficacy of the therapy.
September 2015: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Gérard Lorette, Dominique Goga, Anne Le Touze, Annabel Maruani, Denis Herbreteau
Hemangiomas are benign tumors that occur after a few days of life. The capillary malformations are isolated or constitute part of a complex angiomatosis. Venous malformations are low flow malformations with a blue color. They are of different types. The arteriovenous malformations are high flow lesions. They are difficult to treat. Lymphatic malformations are micro- or macrocystic. MRI is the gold standard for explorations. Some patients undergo maxillofacial surgical procedures and interventional radiology techniques for venous malformations, macrocystic lymphatic malformations, arteriovenous malformations...
February 2016: La Presse Médicale
Veena Raj Vasantha Kumari, Chitra Girija Vallabhan, Seema Geetha, Manoj S Nair, Tharun Varghese Jacob
Capillary Haemangioma is a benign vascular tumour characterized by proliferation of blood vessels that are primarily reported to be a developmental hamartomatous lesion of infancy and childhood. Pyogenic granuloma is a non-neoplastic benign lesion found in the oral cavity having a striking predilection for occurrence in the gingiva. The present case report is an atypical presentation of capillary haemangioma on gingiva which is considered to be extremely rare. The lesion in this case was clinically diagnosed as pyogenic granuloma but histopathologically as capillary haemangioma...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Shun-Ichi Misawa, Hiroto Sakamoto, Akira Kurogochi, Yasushi Kirii, Shinichiro Nakamura, Tomoko Misawa, Suguru Yoneda, Mari Hirano, Osamu Owa, Hiroyuki Takagi, Hiroyoshi Ota
BACKGROUND: Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a polypoid lobular capillary hemangioma rarely observed in the gastrointestinal tract. Only a few cases in the small bowel have been described in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 58-year-old man had been suffering from general fatigue and severe anemia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy did not reveal any significant bleeding. Abdominal computer tomography revealed a hypervascular tumor in the small intestine. Oral double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) detected a polypoid lesion (2 cm in diameter) in the jejunum...
2015: BMC Gastroenterology
Toyoyuki Hanazawa, Shuji Yonekura, Hiroko Nakamura, Akira Fujikawa, Yoshitaka Okamoto
Lobular capillary hemangiomas (LCHs), also known as pyogenic granulomas, are benign, rapidly growing hemorrhagic lesions that usually develop in the oral or nasal cavities. In adults, LCHs occur in <5% of all pregnant women. A 30-year-old woman presented with a 4-month history of right-sided nasal obstruction and recurrent epistaxis 2 months post-partum. A fragile, pink-red lobulated tumor existed in the anterior portion of the right inferior turbinate; the biopsy revealed a LCH. Although the patient declined surgery using an external approach, treatment with systemic corticosteroids combined with antibiotics resulted in tumor regression and an endoscopic en bloc resection was possible...
April 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Hirotaka Tanabe, Kazuhiro Sahashi, Tomoki Kitano, Yasushi Tomita, Akiko M Saito, Hiroshi Hirose
Oral propranolol hydrochloride has been proven effective in treating infantile hemangiomas, and its potential efficacy in choroidal hemangiomas has been suggested. A 57-year-old woman with a juxtapapillary capillary hemangioma was treated with oral propranolol at Nagoya Medical Center in Japan in 2012. Although the condition of this patient partially improved, oral propranolol did not appear to have a critical therapeutic effect. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first pilot study to describe a case in which oral propranolol was used as a therapeutic approach for a retinal hemangioma...
March 2015: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Naoyuki Matsumoto, Motomi Tsuchiya, Shouta Nomoto, Yasuyoshi Matsue, Yohichi Nishikawa, Tsuyoshi Takamura, Hidero Oki, Kazuo Komiyama
Capillary hemangioma (capillary lobular hemangioma) and cavernous hemangioma (venous malformation) are relatively common oral tumors/malformations and are characterized by increased numbers of normal and abnormal blood vessels. However, the causes of these lesions are not well understood. CD105 (endoglin) is predominantly expressed in proliferating blood endothelial cells (ECs). We analyzed expressions of CD105, CD34, von Willebrand factor, Ki-67, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A in 31 capillary hemangiomas and 34 cavernous hemangiomas...
March 2015: Journal of Oral Science
Lata Goyal, Vivek Kumar Sharma, N D Gupta, Pankaj Bansal
Lack of striking clinical presentation makes the diagnosis of vascular lesions a difficult task. There lies a great probability that a case of capillary hemangioma at a rare location like the palate in a pregnant female might be misdiagnosed. Definitive diagnosis can only be made after thorough clinical and histopathological examination. Additional care needs to be exercised in a pregnant female while treating any tumor-like growth, including maintenance of diet and oral hygiene. We present one such case of capillary hemangioma of the palate in a pregnant female, along with treatment considerations...
October 2014: Journal of the Michigan Dental Association
Reza Fekrazad, Katayoun Am Kalhori, Nasim Chiniforush
Vascular lesions rise from abnormalities in blood vessels or endothelial proliferation. Capillary hemangiomas are formed by small capillaries surrounded by a layer of endothelial cells in a connective tissue stroma. Various treatments are used for these conditions like excisional surgery, sclerotherapy, and recently laser irradiation. In this case study, we report successful treatment of intraoral capillary hemangioma by gallium/aluminum/arsenide (GaAlAs) laser. A 29 year old woman with a red lesion on the upper side of the right maxillary premolar was referred to private dental office...
2013: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Ritu Dahiya, Abhinav Kathuria
Pyogenic granuloma is a tumor-like proliferation to a non-specific infection. The tumor-like growth is considered to be non-neoplastic in nature and presents in various clinical and histological forms in the oral cavity. Hemangiomas are benign vascular anomalies characterized by benign proliferation of blood vessels. The aim of this article is to drive attention toward the uncommon location of capillary hemangioma on the palate. In spite of their benign nature, intraoral capillary hemangiomas are always clinically important to be diagnosed well in time and suitably managed...
September 2014: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
C Gelmetti, R Cavalli
Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common tumors in infancy. Their typical natural history is characterized by an early rapid growth in the first months of life and by a slow spontaneous involution in the first years of life. Even though spontaneous regression of IHs could suggest therapeutic abstention, systemic treatment is the therapy of choice in many patients in which these situations occur: 1) rapid growth of IHs; 2) location of IHs in aesthetically critic areas; 3) recurrent hemorrhages, ulcerations or infections of IHs; 3) IHs interfering with important physiological functions (breathing, feeding, vision, hearing, etc...
December 2014: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
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