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Mauro Giovanni Carta, Michela Atzeni, Silvia D'Oca, Alessandra Perra, Ernesto D'Aloja, Maria Veronica Brasesco, Maria Francesca Moro, Luigi Minerba, Federica Sancassiani, Daniela Moro, Gustavo Mausel, Dinesh Bhugra
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to measure in two samples of Sardinian immigrants in Buenos Aires and representatives of the population in Sardinia the prevalence of depressive symptoms at the time of an economic crisis in Sardinia and to compare these results with those collected at the time of a similar crisis in Argentina more than 10 years before. METHODS: Observational study. The associations of Sardinian immigrants in Buenos Aires provided the lists of families of Sardinian origin...
February 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
Christopher F Sharpley, Vicki Bitsika, Amelia K Warren, David R H Christie
OBJECTIVE: To explore any possible subgroupings of prostate cancer (PCa) patients based upon their combined anxiety-depression symptoms for the purposes of informing targeted treatments. METHODS: A sample of 119 prostate cancer patients completed the GAD7 (anxiety) and PHQ9 (depression), plus a background questionnaire, by mail survey. Data on the GAD7 and PHQ9 were used in a Cluster Analysis procedure to identify and define any cohesive subgroupings of patients within the sample...
February 3, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Shehzad Niazi, David Hodge, Nicolette Chimato, Ankit Agarwal, Elaine Gustetic, William Adam Hammond, Bhagirathbhai R Dholaria, Sikander Ailawadhi
: 232 Background: Screening for distress in cancer patients (pts) is recommended by several national guidelines. High distress scores are associated with increased depression. We established universal depression screening and investigated its impact on cancer patient management. METHODS: Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9) was administered to newly diagnosed cancer patients prior to receiving their first non-oral antineoplastic agent. Patient demographics, disease characteristics, chronic medication load, antidepressant use, treatment interruptions, weight change, referral and adherence to psychiatry were recorded...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Simon J Evans, Christine M Bassis, Robert Hein, Shervin Assari, Stephanie A Flowers, Marisa B Kelly, Vince B Young, Vicky E Ellingrod, Melvin G McInnis
The gut microbiome is emerging as an important factor in regulating mental health yet it remains unclear what the target should be for psychiatric treatment. We aimed to elucidate the complement of the gut-microbiome community for individuals with bipolar disorder relative to controls; and test for relationships with burden of disease measures. We compared the stool microbiome from individuals with bipolar disorder (n = 115) and control subjects (n = 64) using 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequence analysis...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Pradeep Suri, Edward J Boyko, Nicholas L Smith, Jeffrey G Jarvik, Frances M K Williams, Gail P Jarvik, Jack Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent associations between modifiable risk factors and chronic back pain (CBP) may be due to the inability of traditional epidemiologic study designs to properly account for an array of potential genetic and environmental confounding factors. The co-twin control research design, comparing modifiable risk factors in twins discordant for CBP, offers a unique way to remove numerous confounding factors. PURPOSE: The study aimed to examine the association of modifiable lifestyle and psychological factors with lifetime CBP...
January 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Frederick K Korley, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Hayley J Falk, Matthew E Peters, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos, Durga Roy, Vani Rao, Haris Iqbal Sair, Uju Ofoche, Anna J Hall, Freshta Akbari, Timothy E Van Meter, Allen D Everett, Jennifer E Van Eyk, Kathleen T Bechtold
Head injury patients not meeting the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (ACRM)'s criteria for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), referred to hereafter as HIBRID (Head Injury BRain Injury Debatable), are often excluded from studies. The prognostic importance of HIBRID is unclear. We investigated the differences in functional and symptomatic recovery at 1 month post-injury among TBI patients classified as: HIBRID, ACRM+ cranial computed tomography (CT)-, and cranial CT+; and trauma and healthy controls...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
Dellanira Valencia-Garcia, Xiaoyu Bi, Cecilia Ayón
This paper examined the prevalence of depressive symptomotology among women of Mexican ancestry (N = 205), over the age of 18, of diverse incomes and nativity. We examined differences in rates of diagnosis by Spanish/English preference and the sensitivity and specificity of three common measures: the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9), the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10), and depression questions from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, Short Form (MDD CIDI-SF); PHQ9 was used as the "gold standard" measure...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Cátia Jesus, Inês Jesus, Mark Agius
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) also called degenerative joint disease is the most common chronic condition of the joints that just in 2004, caused moderate to severe disability in 43.4 million of people. OA in Western populations is one of the most frequent causes of joint pain, loss of function and disability in adults. In the U.S. it is the second most common cause of work disability in men over 50 years of age, following ischaemic heart disease, and accounts for a higher number of hospitalizations when compared with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) each year...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
Gregory E Simon, Arne Beck, Rebecca Rossom, Julie Richards, Beth Kirlin, Deborah King, Lisa Shulman, Evette J Ludman, Robert Penfold, Susan M Shortreed, Ursula Whiteside
BACKGROUND: Suicide remains the 10th-ranked most frequent cause of death in the United States, accounting for over 40,000 deaths per year. Nonfatal suicide attempts lead to over 200,000 hospitalizations and 600,000 emergency department visits annually. Recent evidence indicates that responses to the commonly used Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9) can identify outpatients who are at risk of suicide attempt and suicide death and that specific psychotherapy or Care Management programs can prevent suicide attempts in high-risk patients...
September 15, 2016: Trials
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Stephanie E Cassin, Susan Wnuk, Chau Du, Timothy Jackson, Raed Hawa, Sagar V Parikh
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a post-operative telephone-based cognitive behavioral therapy intervention (Tele-CBT) in improving eating pathology and psychosocial functioning. METHODS: Six-month post-operative bariatric surgery patients (n = 19) received six sessions of Tele-CBT. Study outcome variables included binge eating (BES), emotional eating (EES), depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), and anxiety symptoms (GAD-7)...
March 2017: Obesity Surgery
Faith Matcham, Sam Norton, Sophia Steer, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the accuracy of the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) mental health subscale (MH) and mental component summary (MCS) scores in identifying the presence of probable major depressive or anxiety disorder in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: SF-36 data were collected in 100 hospital outpatients with rheumatoid arthritis. MH and MCS scores were compared against depression and anxiety data collected using validated measures as part of routine clinical practice...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Hoda Badr, Alex D Federman, Michael Wolf, Tracey A Revenson, Juan P Wisnivesky
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and their caregivers are at high risk for developing depression. Depression can adversely affect the quality of life of patients and caregivers; however, studies in COPD have largely examined predictors of patient and caregiver depression in isolation. This dyadic study examined individual-level predictors of patient and caregiver depression in COPD (i.e. actor effects) as well as how dyad members effect each other's depression (i...
May 20, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Emily S Miller, Lynn M Yee, Robin M Dorman, Donna V McGregor, Sarah H Sutton, Patricia M Garcia, Katherine L Wisner
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic diseases that include HIV infection are at increased risk of experiencing postpartum depression. In addition, social isolation has been associated with depression among women with HIV. Yet, it is unclear whether disclosure of HIV serostatus before the birth is associated with the risk of postpartum depression. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether maternal disclosure of her positive HIV serostatus before the delivery is associated with the risk of early postpartum depression...
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
S K Rothschild, E E Emery-Tiburcio, L J Mack, Y Wang, E F Avery, H Li, R L Golden, L H Powell
OBJECTIVES: African American and Hispanic elderly are at elevated risk of both depression and cardiovascular disease, relative to non-Hispanic whites. Effective interventions are therefore needed to address depressive symptoms and to reduce these disparities. BRIGHTEN Heart was a behavioral randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of a virtual team intervention in reducing depressive symptoms in minority elderly as measured by the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9). STUDY DESIGN: 250 African American and Hispanic adults, age ≥60 years, with comorbid depression and overweight/obesity were randomized...
May 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
R E Thomas, W Spragins, G Mazloum, M Cronkhite, G Maru
BACKGROUND: Early and regular developmental screening can improve children's development through early intervention but is insufficiently used. Most developmental problems are readily evident at the 18-month well-baby visit. This trial's purpose is to: (1) compare identification rates of developmental problems by GPs/family physicians using four evidence-based tools with non-evidence based screening, and (2) ascertain whether the four tools can be completed in 10-min pre-visit on a computer...
May 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
D Kounali, K Button, G Lewis, A E Ades
OBJECTIVE: We present a meta-analytic method that combines information on treatment effects from different instruments from a network of randomized trials to estimate instrument relative responsiveness. STUDY DESIGN: Five depression-test instruments (Beck Depression Inventory (BDI I/II), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9), Hamilton Rating for Depression (HAMD 17 and 24-item), Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating (MADRS)), and three generic quality of life measures (EuroQoL (EQ-5D); SF36 Mental (SF36-MCS) and Physical Component Summaries (SF36-PCS)) were compared...
March 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
Tracie A Caller, Robert J Ferguson, Robert M Roth, Karen L Secore, Faith P Alexandre, Wenyan Zhao, Tor Devin Tosteson, Patricia L Henegan, Kimberly Birney, Barbara C Jobst
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive difficulties in epilepsy are common and add to disability beyond seizures alone. A self-management intervention targeting cognitive dysfunction was developed and assessed for whether it improves quality of life, objective memory, and mood in adults with epilepsy. METHODS: The HOme Based Self-management and COgnitive Training CHanges lives (HOBSCOTCH) program was developed to incorporate (1) psychoeducation, (2) self-awareness training, (3) compensatory strategies, and (4) application of these strategies in day-to-day life using problem solving therapy...
April 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Sachin Bansal, Daniel Lubelski, Nicolas R Thompson, Ali A Shah, Daniel J Mazanec, Edward C Benzel, Tagreed Khalaf
Study Design Retrospective cohort controlled study. Objective To determine quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) treated with membrane-stabilizing agents (MSAs). Methods Patients with LSS and concordant neurogenic claudication treated with MSAs (n = 701) or conservatively without MSAs (n = 2104) at a single tertiary care hospital were identified. Patient QOL measures (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 [PHQ9], EuroQOL-5 Dimensions [EQ-5D], Pain Disability Questionnaire [PDQ]) were recorded pretreatment and then 4 months following treatment...
March 2016: Global Spine Journal
Dixon Chibanda, Frances Cowan, Lorna Gibson, Helen A Weiss, Crick Lund
BACKGROUND: In 2014 close to 10 million people living with HIV (PLWH) in sub-Saharan Africa were on highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART). The incidence of non-communicable diseases has increased markedly in PLWH as mortality is reduced due to use of HAART. Common mental disorders (CMD) are highly prevalent in PLWH. We aimed to determine factors associated with probable CMD and depression, assessed by 2 locally validated screening tools in a population with high prevalence of HIV in Harare, Zimbabwe...
February 29, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Karen-Leigh Edward, John Stephenson, Jo-Ann Giandinoto, Andrew Wilson, Robert Whitbourn, Jack Gutman, Andrew Newcomb
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a very common revascularisation procedure for coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate cardiac outcomes, health related quality of life (HRQoL), resilience and adherence behaviours in patients who have undergone a PCI at two time points (6 and 12 months) following their procedure. METHODS: A longitudinal pilot study was conducted to observe the cardiac outcomes across a cohort of patients who had undergone a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
February 3, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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