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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794503/modifiable-risk-factors-for-chronic-back-pain-insights-using-the-co-twin-control-design
#1
Pradeep Suri, Edward J Boyko, Nicholas L Smith, Jeffrey G Jarvik, Frances M K Williams, Gail P Jarvik, Jack Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent associations between modifiable risk factors and chronic back pain (CBP) may be due to the inability of traditional epidemiologic study designs to properly account for an array of potential genetic and environmental confounding factors. The co-twin control research design, comparing modifiable risk factors in twins discordant for CBP, offers a unique way to remove numerous confounding factors. PURPOSE: The study aimed to examine the association of modifiable lifestyle and psychological factors with lifetime CBP...
October 26, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784200/prevalence-of-incomplete-functional-and-symptomatic-recovery-among-patients-with-head-injury-but-brain-injury-debatable-hibrid-running-title-outcomes-in-patients-with-head-injury-but-brain-injury-debatable
#2
Frederick Kofi Korley, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Hayley J Falk, Matthew E Peters, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos, Durga Roy, Vani Rao, Haris I Sair, Uju Ofoche, Anna J Hall, Freshta Akbari, Timothy E Van Meter, Allen D Everett, Jennifer Van Eyk, Kathleen T Bechtold
Head injury patients not meeting the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (ACRM)'s criteria for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), referred to hereafter as HIBRID (Head Injury BRain Injury Debatable) are often excluded from studies. The prognostic importance of HIBRID is unclear. We investigated the differences in functional and symptomatic recovery at one month after injury among TBI patients classified as: HIBRID, ACRM+ cranial CT-, and cranial CT+; and trauma and healthy controls. Subjects were enrolled in an ongoing prospective cohort (Head Injury Serum Markers for Assessing Response to Trauma, HeadSMART)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757694/sensitivity-and-specificity-in-three-measures-of-depression-among-mexican-american-women
#3
Dellanira Valencia-Garcia, Xiaoyu Bi, Cecilia Ayón
This paper examined the prevalence of depressive symptomotology among women of Mexican ancestry (N = 205), over the age of 18, of diverse incomes and nativity. We examined differences in rates of diagnosis by Spanish/English preference and the sensitivity and specificity of three common measures: the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9), the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10), and depression questions from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, Short Form (MDD CIDI-SF); PHQ9 was used as the "gold standard" measure...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663827/treatment-of-depression-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-the-importance-of-an-early-diagnosis-and-the-role-of-duloxetine
#4
Cátia Jesus, Inês Jesus, Mark Agius
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) also called degenerative joint disease is the most common chronic condition of the joints that just in 2004, caused moderate to severe disability in 43.4 million of people. OA in Western populations is one of the most frequent causes of joint pain, loss of function and disability in adults. In the U.S. it is the second most common cause of work disability in men over 50 years of age, following ischaemic heart disease, and accounts for a higher number of hospitalizations when compared with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) each year...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634417/population-based-outreach-versus-care-as-usual-to-prevent-suicide-attempt-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Gregory E Simon, Arne Beck, Rebecca Rossom, Julie Richards, Beth Kirlin, Deborah King, Lisa Shulman, Evette J Ludman, Robert Penfold, Susan M Shortreed, Ursula Whiteside
BACKGROUND: Suicide remains the 10th-ranked most frequent cause of death in the United States, accounting for over 40,000 deaths per year. Nonfatal suicide attempts lead to over 200,000 hospitalizations and 600,000 emergency department visits annually. Recent evidence indicates that responses to the commonly used Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9) can identify outpatients who are at risk of suicide attempt and suicide death and that specific psychotherapy or Care Management programs can prevent suicide attempts in high-risk patients...
September 15, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491293/a-pilot-study-on-telephone-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-patients-six-months-post-bariatric-surgery
#6
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Stephanie E Cassin, Susan Wnuk, Chau Du, Timothy Jackson, Raed Hawa, Sagar V Parikh
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a post-operative telephone-based cognitive behavioral therapy intervention (Tele-CBT) in improving eating pathology and psychosocial functioning. METHODS: Six-month post-operative bariatric surgery patients (n = 19) received six sessions of Tele-CBT. Study outcome variables included binge eating (BES), emotional eating (EES), depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), and anxiety symptoms (GAD-7)...
August 5, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215696/usefulness-of-the-sf-36-health-survey-in-screening-for-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
Faith Matcham, Sam Norton, Sophia Steer, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the accuracy of the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) mental health subscale (MH) and mental component summary (MCS) scores in identifying the presence of probable major depressive or anxiety disorder in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: SF-36 data were collected in 100 hospital outpatients with rheumatoid arthritis. MH and MCS scores were compared against depression and anxiety data collected using validated measures as part of routine clinical practice...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212642/depression-in-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-their-informal-caregivers
#8
Hoda Badr, Alex D Federman, Michael Wolf, Tracey A Revenson, Juan P Wisnivesky
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and their caregivers are at high risk for developing depression. Depression can adversely affect the quality of life of patients and caregivers; however, studies in COPD have largely examined predictors of patient and caregiver depression in isolation. This dyadic study examined individual-level predictors of patient and caregiver depression in COPD (i.e. actor effects) as well as how dyad members effect each other's depression (i...
May 20, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27210065/is-maternal-disclosure-of-hiv-serostatus-associated-with-a%C3%A2-reduced-risk-of-postpartum-depression
#9
Emily S Miller, Lynn M Yee, Robin M Dorman, Donna V McGregor, Sarah H Sutton, Patricia M Garcia, Katherine L Wisner
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic diseases that include HIV infection are at increased risk of experiencing postpartum depression. In addition, social isolation has been associated with depression among women with HIV. Yet, it is unclear whether disclosure of HIV serostatus before the birth is associated with the risk of postpartum depression. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether maternal disclosure of her positive HIV serostatus before the delivery is associated with the risk of early postpartum depression...
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27091813/brighten-heart-design-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-for-minority-older-adults-with-depression-and-cardiometabolic-syndrome
#10
S K Rothschild, E E Emery-Tiburcio, L J Mack, Y Wang, E F Avery, H Li, R L Golden, L H Powell
OBJECTIVES: African American and Hispanic elderly are at elevated risk of both depression and cardiovascular disease, relative to non-Hispanic whites. Effective interventions are therefore needed to address depressive symptoms and to reduce these disparities. BRIGHTEN Heart was a behavioral randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of a virtual team intervention in reducing depressive symptoms in minority elderly as measured by the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9). STUDY DESIGN: 250 African American and Hispanic adults, age ≥60 years, with comorbid depression and overweight/obesity were randomized...
May 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061302/rates-of-detection-of-developmental-problems-at-the-18-month-well-baby-visit-by-family-physicians-using-four-evidence-based-screening-tools-compared-to-usual-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
R E Thomas, W Spragins, G Mazloum, M Cronkhite, G Maru
BACKGROUND: Early and regular developmental screening can improve children's development through early intervention but is insufficiently used. Most developmental problems are readily evident at the 18-month well-baby visit. This trial's purpose is to: (1) compare identification rates of developmental problems by GPs/family physicians using four evidence-based tools with non-evidence based screening, and (2) ascertain whether the four tools can be completed in 10-min pre-visit on a computer...
May 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26994662/the-relative-responsiveness-of-test-instruments-can-be-estimated-using-a-meta-analytic-approach-an-illustration-with-treatments-for-depression
#12
D Kounali, K Button, G Lewis, A E Ades
OBJECTIVE: We present a meta-analytic method that combines information on treatment effects from different instruments from a network of randomized trials to estimate instrument relative responsiveness. STUDY DESIGN: Five depression-test instruments (Beck Depression Inventory (BDI I/II), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9), Hamilton Rating for Depression (HAMD 17 and 24-item), Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating (MADRS)), and three generic quality of life measures (EuroQoL (EQ-5D); SF36 Mental (SF36-MCS) and Physical Component Summaries (SF36-PCS)) were compared...
March 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26943948/a-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-hobscotch-improves-quality-of-life-and-attention-in-epilepsy
#13
Tracie A Caller, Robert J Ferguson, Robert M Roth, Karen L Secore, Faith P Alexandre, Wenyan Zhao, Tor Devin Tosteson, Patricia L Henegan, Kimberly Birney, Barbara C Jobst
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive difficulties in epilepsy are common and add to disability beyond seizures alone. A self-management intervention targeting cognitive dysfunction was developed and assessed for whether it improves quality of life, objective memory, and mood in adults with epilepsy. METHODS: The HOme Based Self-management and COgnitive Training CHanges lives (HOBSCOTCH) program was developed to incorporate (1) psychoeducation, (2) self-awareness training, (3) compensatory strategies, and (4) application of these strategies in day-to-day life using problem solving therapy...
April 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933615/membrane-stabilizing-agents-improve-quality-of-life-outcomes-for-patients-with-lumbar-stenosis
#14
Sachin Bansal, Daniel Lubelski, Nicolas R Thompson, Ali A Shah, Daniel J Mazanec, Edward C Benzel, Tagreed Khalaf
Study Design Retrospective cohort controlled study. Objective To determine quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) treated with membrane-stabilizing agents (MSAs). Methods Patients with LSS and concordant neurogenic claudication treated with MSAs (n = 701) or conservatively without MSAs (n = 2104) at a single tertiary care hospital were identified. Patient QOL measures (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 [PHQ9], EuroQOL-5 Dimensions [EQ-5D], Pain Disability Questionnaire [PDQ]) were recorded pretreatment and then 4 months following treatment...
March 2016: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26926690/prevalence-and-correlates-of-probable-common-mental-disorders-in-a-population-with-high-prevalence-of-hiv-in-zimbabwe
#15
Dixon Chibanda, Frances Cowan, Lorna Gibson, Helen A Weiss, Crick Lund
BACKGROUND: In 2014 close to 10 million people living with HIV (PLWH) in sub-Saharan Africa were on highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART). The incidence of non-communicable diseases has increased markedly in PLWH as mortality is reduced due to use of HAART. Common mental disorders (CMD) are highly prevalent in PLWH. We aimed to determine factors associated with probable CMD and depression, assessed by 2 locally validated screening tools in a population with high prevalence of HIV in Harare, Zimbabwe...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26841927/an-australian-longitudinal-pilot-study-examining-health-determinants-of-cardiac-outcomes-12%C3%A2-months-post-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#16
Karen-Leigh Edward, John Stephenson, Jo-Ann Giandinoto, Andrew Wilson, Robert Whitbourn, Jack Gutman, Andrew Newcomb
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a very common revascularisation procedure for coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate cardiac outcomes, health related quality of life (HRQoL), resilience and adherence behaviours in patients who have undergone a PCI at two time points (6 and 12 months) following their procedure. METHODS: A longitudinal pilot study was conducted to observe the cardiac outcomes across a cohort of patients who had undergone a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26415743/-impact-of-pharmaceutical-intervention-in-preventing-relapses-in-depression-in-primary-care
#17
María Rubio-Valera, M Teresa Peñarrubia-María, Rita Fernández-Vergel, Andrea Cecilia Carvajal Tejadillo, Ana Fernández Sánchez, Ignacio Aznar-Lou, Marian March-Pujol, Antoni Serrano-Blanco
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term impact of a brief pharmacist intervention (PI) compared with usual care (UC) on prevention of depression relapse. DESIGN: randomised controlled clinical trial SETTING: Primary Care PARTICIPANTS: Of the 179 depressed patients initiating antidepressants, the 113 whose clinical symptoms had remitted (main definition) at 6 months assessment were selected for this secondary study (PI=58; UC=55)...
May 2016: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26381856/effect-of-onabotulinumtoxina-injection-on-depression-in-chronic-migraine
#18
Kasra Maasumi, Nicolas R Thompson, Jennifer S Kriegler, Stewart J Tepper
OBJECTIVE: The current study retrospectively evaluated patient reported outcomes (PROs) collected before and after at least 2 sessions of onabotulinumtoxinA (onabot) injections for chronic migraine. Depression was assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. METHOD: Chronic migraineurs receiving onabot were identified. In addition to the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ9), the European Quality of Life (QOL), 5-Dimension (EQ-5D) (QOL), Headache Impact Test (HIT6), and Pain Disability Index (PDI) were reviewed across ≥2 consecutive onabot injections for 6-12 months...
October 2015: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26363679/a-comparison-of-multiple-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-identifying-major-depressive-disorder-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Dagmar Amtmann, Alyssa M Bamer, Kurt L Johnson, Dawn M Ehde, Meghan L Beier, Jamie L Elzea, Charles H Bombardier
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most prominent and debilitating symptoms in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS), yet there is currently no consensus on the best instruments for depression screening in MS. More head to head comparisons of available screening instruments are needed to advise MS researchers and clinicians. METHODS: A cross-sectional comparison of the effectiveness of screening for MDD using multiple patient reported outcome (PRO) screeners against a modified SCID telephone interview was completed in 164 individuals with MS...
December 2015: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26268712/increased-psychosocial-risk-depression-and-reduced-quality-of-life-living-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#20
Roslyn J Simms, Kah Mean Thong, Gabriel C Dworschak, Albert C M Ong
BACKGROUND: The psychosocial impact of living with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is poorly understood. In this study, we assessed the overall quality of life (QOL), mood, perceived social support and psychosocial risk of having a diagnosis of ADPKD in a patient cohort from a major UK nephrology centre serving a large catchment population. METHODS: A postal questionnaire was sent to 349 patients registered at the Sheffield Kidney Institute with chronic kidney disease but not on renal replacement therapy (RRT)...
July 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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