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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953840/the-use-of-the-phq9-self-rating-scale-to-assess-depression-within-primary-care
#1
Ankita Sahni, Mark Agius
The PHQ-9 is effective in screening patients for depressionas well as monitoring progress in a variety of situations. Using the PHQ-9 after a pre-assessment with the PHQ-2 increases its specificity, as well as preventing under-diagnosis. Although it is not suitable as a stand-alone tool for a diagnosis, it is a cost-effective, efficient method of screening patients in primary care.
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878812/an-arabic-translation-reliability-and-validation-of-patient-health-questionnaire-in-a-saudi-sample
#2
Ahmad N AlHadi, Deemah A AlAteeq, Eman Al-Sharif, Hamdah M Bawazeer, Hasan Alanazi, Abdulaziz T AlShomrani, Raafat M Shuqdar, Reem AlOwaybil
BACKGROUND: Psychological disorders including depression and anxiety are not rare in primary care clinics. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) is a clinical diagnostic tool that is widely utilized by primary health care physicians worldwide because it provides a practical in-clinic tool to screen for psychological disorders. This study evaluated the validity of the Arabic version of the PHQ in all six modules including depression, anxiety, somatic, panic, eating, and alcohol abuse disorders...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584406/the-relationship-between-psychosocial-factors-and-cognition-in-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Fahad D Alosaimi, Alaa AlMulhem, Mario Moscovici, Hanan AlShalan, Mohammad Alqazlan, Abdulgader Aldaif, Sanjeev Sockalingam
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common disorder in some regions of the world, with over 2.3 million people diagnosed worldwide. Cognitive impairment is one of the earliest symptoms to present in the course of the disease and can cause significant morbidity. We proposed a study to explore the psychosocial predictors of cognitive impairment in MS patients in Saudi Arabia, a previously unexplored patient population. METHODS: Demographic data, depression scale (PHQ9), symptom burden (PHQ15), anxiety (GAD7), disease duration, and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) scores were collected from 195 patients in a neurology clinic in Ryiadh, Saudi Arabia...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440902/between-visit-changes-in-suicidal-ideation-and-risk-of-subsequent-suicide-attempt
#4
Gregory E Simon, Susan M Shortreed, Eric Johnson, Arne Beck, Karen J Coleman, Rebecca C Rossom, Ursula S Whiteside, Belinda H Operskalski, Robert B Penfold
BACKGROUND: While clinicians are expected to routinely assess and address suicide risk, existing data provide little guidance regarding the significance of visit-to-visit changes in suicidal ideation. METHODS: Electronic health records from four large healthcare systems identified patients completing the Patient Health Questionnaire or PHQ9 at outpatient visits. For patients completing two questionnaires within 90 days, health system records and state vital records were used to identify nonfatal and fatal suicide attempts...
September 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431526/recognition-of-depression-by-primary-care-clinicians-in-rural-ethiopia
#5
Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Medhin Selamu, Tedla W Giorgis, Crick Lund, Atalay Alem, Martin Prince, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common health condition affecting up to a third of patients attending primary care, where most of the care for people with depression is provided. Adequate recognition of depression is the critical step in the path to effective care, particularly in low income countries. As part of the Programme for Improving Mental healthcare (PRIME), a project supporting the implementation of integrated mental healthcare in primary care, we evaluated the level of recognition of depression by clinicians working in primary care in rural Ethiopia prior to in service training...
April 21, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426917/internet-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-depression-in-older-adults-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Kathleen A O'Moore, Jill M Newby, Gavin Andrews, David J Hunter, Kim Bennell, Jessica Smith, Alishia D Williams
Objective To determine the efficacy of an internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) program for depression in older adults with osteoarthritis of the knee and comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD). We conducted a RCT in sixty-nine adults (≥ 50 years) meeting criteria for MDD and osteoarthritis of the knee with 1-week post intervention (week 11) and 3-month follow-up (week 24) end points. Patients were allocated to either a 10-week iCBT program for depression added to treatment as usual (TAU) or to a TAU control group...
April 20, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326514/complete-response-to-acupuncture-therapy-in-female-patients-with-refractory-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome
#7
Mehmet Giray Sönmez, Betül Kozanhan
OBJECTIVES: Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a considerable issue in urology and gynecology and unfortunately, the treatment options recommended are not fully efficient. Therefore, in this study we aimed to determine the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment in patients with refractory IC/BPS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 12 refractory IC/BPS female patients received ten sessions of acupuncture twice a week. The visual analog score (VAS), interstitial cystitis symptom index (ICSI), interstitial cystitis problem index (ICPI), O'Leary-Saint symptom score (OSS), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9), Pelvic pain and urgency & frequency patient symptom scale tests (PUF) and maximum voided volume (MVV) was completed in 1st, 3rd, 6th and 12th months following the treatment...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319695/suicidal-ideation-reported-on-the-phq9-and-risk-of-suicidal-behavior-across-age-groups
#8
Rebecca C Rossom, Karen J Coleman, Brian K Ahmedani, Arne Beck, Eric Johnson, Malia Oliver, Greg E Simon
OBJECTIVE: The Joint Commission recommends all patients be screened for suicide. However, differences in suicide attempt and death rates may affect how well tools predict risk across age groups. Our objective was to determine whether item 9 of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9) predicts risk for suicide attempts and deaths across age groups. METHODS: PHQ9s completed by adult outpatients treated for mental health conditions in 2010-2012 at four Mental Health Research Network-affiliated healthcare systems were used to measure depression severity and suicidal ideation...
June 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274345/making-the-cut-depression-screening-in-urban-general-hospital-clinics-for-culturally-diverse-latino-populations
#9
Damara Gutnick, Carole Siegel, Eugene Laska, Joseph Wanderling, Ellen Cogen Wagner, Gary Haugland, Mary K Conlon
OBJECTIVES: We examined whether the cut-point 10 for the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ9) depression screen used in primary care populations is equally valid for Mexicans (M), Ecuadorians (E), Puerto Ricans (PR) and non-Hispanic whites (W) from inner-city hospital-based primary care clinics; and whether stressful life events elevate scores and the probability of major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Over 18-months, a sample of persons from hospital clinics with a positive initial PHQ2 and a subsequent PHQ9 were administered a stressful life event questionnaire and a Structured Clinical Interview to establish an MDD diagnosis, with oversampling of those between 8 and 12: (n=261: 75 E, 71 M, 51 PR, 64 W)...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178943/depression-in-sardinian-immigrants-in-argentina-and-residents-in-sardinia-at-the-time-of-the-argentinian-default-2001-and-the-great-recession-in-italy-2015
#10
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Michela Atzeni, Silvia D'Oca, Alessandra Perra, Ernesto D'Aloja, Maria Veronica Brasesco, Maria Francesca Moro, Luigi Minerba, Federica Sancassiani, Daniela Moro, Gustavo Mausel, Dinesh Bhugra
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to measure in two samples of Sardinian immigrants in Buenos Aires and representatives of the population in Sardinia the prevalence of depressive symptoms at the time of an economic crisis in Sardinia and to compare these results with those collected at the time of a similar crisis in Argentina more than 10 years before. METHODS: Observational study. The associations of Sardinian immigrants in Buenos Aires provided the lists of families of Sardinian origin...
February 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160360/using-cluster-analysis-of-anxiety-depression-to-identify-subgroups-of-prostate-cancer-patients-for-targeted-treatment-planning
#11
Christopher F Sharpley, Vicki Bitsika, Amelia K Warren, David R H Christie
BACKGROUND: To explore any possible subgroupings of prostate cancer (PCa) patients based upon their combined anxiety-depression symptoms for the purposes of informing targeted treatments. METHODS: A sample of 119 PCa patients completed the GAD7 (anxiety) and PHQ9 (depression), plus a background questionnaire, by mail survey. Data on the GAD7 and PHQ9 were used in a cluster analysis procedure to identify and define any cohesive subgroupings of patients within the sample...
February 3, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156554/universal-screening-for-depression-in-cancer-patients-and-its-impact-on-management-patterns
#12
Shehzad Niazi, David Hodge, Nicolette Chimato, Ankit Agarwal, Elaine Gustetic, William Adam Hammond, Bhagirathbhai R Dholaria, Sikander Ailawadhi
232 Background: Screening for distress in cancer patients (pts) is recommended by several national guidelines. High distress scores are associated with increased depression. We established universal depression screening and investigated its impact on cancer patient management. METHODS: Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9) was administered to newly diagnosed cancer patients prior to receiving their first non-oral antineoplastic agent. Patient demographics, disease characteristics, chronic medication load, antidepressant use, treatment interruptions, weight change, referral and adherence to psychiatry were recorded...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988330/the-gut-microbiome-composition-associates-with-bipolar-disorder-and-illness-severity
#13
Simon J Evans, Christine M Bassis, Robert Hein, Shervin Assari, Stephanie A Flowers, Marisa B Kelly, Vince B Young, Vicky E Ellingrod, Melvin G McInnis
The gut microbiome is emerging as an important factor in regulating mental health yet it remains unclear what the target should be for psychiatric treatment. We aimed to elucidate the complement of the gut-microbiome community for individuals with bipolar disorder relative to controls; and test for relationships with burden of disease measures. We compared the stool microbiome from individuals with bipolar disorder (n = 115) and control subjects (n = 64) using 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequence analysis...
April 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794503/modifiable-risk-factors-for-chronic-back-pain-insights-using-the-co-twin-control-design
#14
Pradeep Suri, Edward J Boyko, Nicholas L Smith, Jeffrey G Jarvik, Frances M K Williams, Gail P Jarvik, Jack Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent associations between modifiable risk factors and chronic back pain (CBP) may be due to the inability of traditional epidemiologic study designs to properly account for an array of potential genetic and environmental confounding factors. The co-twin control research design, comparing modifiable risk factors in twins discordant for CBP, offers a unique way to remove numerous confounding factors. PURPOSE: The study aimed to examine the association of modifiable lifestyle and psychological factors with lifetime CBP...
January 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784200/prevalence-of-incomplete-functional-and-symptomatic-recovery-among-patients-with-head-injury-but-brain-injury-debatable
#15
Frederick K Korley, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Hayley J Falk, Matthew E Peters, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos, Durga Roy, Vani Rao, Haris Iqbal Sair, Uju Ofoche, Anna J Hall, Freshta Akbari, Timothy E Van Meter, Allen D Everett, Jennifer E Van Eyk, Kathleen T Bechtold
Head injury patients not meeting the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (ACRM)'s criteria for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), referred to hereafter as HIBRID (Head Injury BRain Injury Debatable), are often excluded from studies. The prognostic importance of HIBRID is unclear. We investigated the differences in functional and symptomatic recovery at 1 month post-injury among TBI patients classified as: HIBRID, ACRM+ cranial computed tomography (CT)-, and cranial CT+; and trauma and healthy controls...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757694/sensitivity-and-specificity-in-three-measures-of-depression-among-mexican-american-women
#16
Dellanira Valencia-Garcia, Xiaoyu Bi, Cecilia Ayón
This paper examined the prevalence of depressive symptomotology among women of Mexican ancestry (N = 205), over the age of 18, of diverse incomes and nativity. We examined differences in rates of diagnosis by Spanish/English preference and the sensitivity and specificity of three common measures: the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9), the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10), and depression questions from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, Short Form (MDD CIDI-SF); PHQ9 was used as the "gold standard" measure...
June 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663827/treatment-of-depression-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-the-importance-of-an-early-diagnosis-and-the-role-of-duloxetine
#17
Cátia Jesus, Inês Jesus, Mark Agius
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) also called degenerative joint disease is the most common chronic condition of the joints that just in 2004, caused moderate to severe disability in 43.4 million of people. OA in Western populations is one of the most frequent causes of joint pain, loss of function and disability in adults. In the U.S. it is the second most common cause of work disability in men over 50 years of age, following ischaemic heart disease, and accounts for a higher number of hospitalizations when compared with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) each year...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634417/population-based-outreach-versus-care-as-usual-to-prevent-suicide-attempt-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Gregory E Simon, Arne Beck, Rebecca Rossom, Julie Richards, Beth Kirlin, Deborah King, Lisa Shulman, Evette J Ludman, Robert Penfold, Susan M Shortreed, Ursula Whiteside
BACKGROUND: Suicide remains the 10th-ranked most frequent cause of death in the United States, accounting for over 40,000 deaths per year. Nonfatal suicide attempts lead to over 200,000 hospitalizations and 600,000 emergency department visits annually. Recent evidence indicates that responses to the commonly used Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9) can identify outpatients who are at risk of suicide attempt and suicide death and that specific psychotherapy or Care Management programs can prevent suicide attempts in high-risk patients...
September 15, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491293/a-pilot-study-on-telephone-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-patients-six-months-post-bariatric-surgery
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Stephanie E Cassin, Susan Wnuk, Chau Du, Timothy Jackson, Raed Hawa, Sagar V Parikh
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a post-operative telephone-based cognitive behavioral therapy intervention (Tele-CBT) in improving eating pathology and psychosocial functioning. METHODS: Six-month post-operative bariatric surgery patients (n = 19) received six sessions of Tele-CBT. Study outcome variables included binge eating (BES), emotional eating (EES), depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), and anxiety symptoms (GAD-7)...
March 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215696/usefulness-of-the-sf-36-health-survey-in-screening-for-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Faith Matcham, Sam Norton, Sophia Steer, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the accuracy of the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) mental health subscale (MH) and mental component summary (MCS) scores in identifying the presence of probable major depressive or anxiety disorder in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: SF-36 data were collected in 100 hospital outpatients with rheumatoid arthritis. MH and MCS scores were compared against depression and anxiety data collected using validated measures as part of routine clinical practice...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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