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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110510/access-equity-and-costs-of-induced-abortion-services-in-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Mridula Shankar, Kirsten I Black, Philip Goldstone, Safeera Hussainy, Danielle Mazza, Kerry Petersen, Jayne Lucke, Angela Taft
OBJECTIVES: To examine access and equity to induced abortion services in Australia, including factors associated with presenting beyond nine weeks gestation. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 2,326 women aged 16+ years attending for an abortion at 14 Dr Marie clinics. Associations with later presentation assessed using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Over a third of eligible women opted for a medical abortion. More than one in 10 (11...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110507/computer-assisted-quantification-of-cd3-t-cells-in-follicular-lymphoma
#2
Fazly S Abas, Arwa Shana'ah, Beth Christian, Robert Hasserjian, Abner Louissaint, Michael Pennell, Berkman Sahiner, Weijie Chen, Muhammad Khalid Khan Niazi, Gerard Lozanski, Metin Gurcan
The advance of high resolution digital scans of pathology slides allowed development of computer based image analysis algorithms that may help pathologists in IHC stains quantification. While very promising, these methods require further refinement before they are implemented in routine clinical setting. Particularly critical is to evaluate algorithm performance in a setting similar to current clinical practice. In this article, we present a pilot study that evaluates the use of a computerized cell quantification method in the clinical estimation of CD3 positive (CD3+) T cells in follicular lymphoma (FL)...
January 22, 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110494/a-systematic-review-of-cognitive-effects-of-exercise-in-depression
#3
N Brondino, M Rocchetti, L Fusar-Poli, E Codrons, L Correale, M Vandoni, C Barbui, P Politi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the impact of physical exercise on cognitive symptoms in depressed adult patients. METHODS: Systematic literature search was performed in Web of Science™ and CINAHL from inception to August 2016. Two reviewers independently selected randomized trials evaluating the effect of exercise on cognitive functions in patients with a validated diagnosis of depression. Outcome measures included global cognition and different cognitive domains (speed of processing, attention/vigilance, working memory, verbal and visual memory, and reasoning)...
January 22, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110473/how-presentation-of-drug-detection-results-changed-reports-of-product-adherence-in-south-africa-uganda-and-zimbabwe
#4
Petina Musara, Elizabeth T Montgomery, Nyaradzo M Mgodi, Kubashni Woeber, Carolyne A Akello, Miriam Hartmann, Helen Cheng, Lisa Levy, Ariana Katz, Cynthia I Grossman, Z Mike Chirenje, Ariane van der Straten, Barbara Mensch
Accurate estimates of study product use are critical to understanding and addressing adherence challenges in HIV prevention trials. The VOICE trial exposed a significant gap between self-reported adherence and drug detection. The VOICE-D qualitative study was designed to better understand non-adherence during VOICE, and was conducted in 2 stages: before (stage 1) and after (stage 2) drug detection results were provided to participants. Transcripts from 44 women who participated in both stages were analysed to understand the effect of presenting drug detection data on narratives of product use...
January 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110454/tackling-the-salinity-pollution-nexus-in-coastal-aquifers-from-arid-regions-using-nitrate-and-boron-isotopes
#5
V Re, E Sacchi
Salinization and nitrate pollution are generally ascertained as the main issues affecting coastal aquifers worldwide. In arid zones, where agricultural activities also result in soil salinization, both phenomena tend to co-exist and synergically contribute to alter groundwater quality, with severe negative impacts on human populations and natural ecosystems' wellbeing. It becomes therefore necessary to understand if and to what extent integrated hydrogeochemical tools can help in distinguishing among possible different salinization and nitrate contamination origins, in order to provide adequate science-based support to local development and environmental protection...
January 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110449/membrane-fluidity-controls-redox-regulated-cold-stress-responses-in-cyanobacteria
#6
Eugene G Maksimov, Kirill S Mironov, Marina S Trofimova, Natalya L Nechaeva, Daria A Todorenko, Konstantin E Klementiev, Georgy V Tsoraev, Eugene V Tyutyaev, Anna A Zorina, Pavel V Feduraev, Suleyman I Allakhverdiev, Vladimir Z Paschenko, Dmitry A Los
Membrane fluidity is the important regulator of cellular responses to changing ambient temperature. Bacteria perceive cold by the transmembrane histidine kinases that sense changes in thickness of the cytoplasmic membrane due to its rigidification. In the cyanobacterium Synechocystis, about a half of cold-responsive genes is controlled by the light-dependent transmembrane histidine kinase Hik33, which also partially controls the responses to osmotic, salt, and oxidative stress. This implies the existence of some universal, but yet unknown signal that triggers adaptive gene expression in response to various stressors...
January 21, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110442/correlates-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-young-old-and-old-old-community-dwelling-older-adults
#7
Élvio R Quintal Gouveia, Bruna R Gouveia, Andreas Ihle, Matthias Kliegel, José A Maia, Sergi Bermudez I Badia, Duarte L Freitas
PURPOSE: This study aimed (1) to examine the role of potential correlates of HRQoL in a large representative sample of older adults, and (2) to investigate whether the relationships between HRQoL and potential factors differ as a function of HRQoL component (physical vs. mental) and/or age cohort (young-old vs. old-old). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 802 older adults aged 60-79 years old. HRQoL was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire. Functional fitness was assessed using the Senior Fitness Test...
January 21, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110440/molecular-characterization-of-echinococcus-granulosus-isolates-from-bulgarian-human-cystic-echinococcosis-patients
#8
Irina Marinova, Markus Spiliotis, Junhua Wang, Marin Muhtarov, Ilias Chaligiannis, Smaro Sotiraki, Iskra Rainova, Bruno Gottstein, Ghalia Boubaker
Although cystic echinococcosis (CE) is highly endemic in Bulgaria, there is still scarce information about species and/or genotypes of the Echinococcus granulosus complex that infect humans. Our study tackled the genetic diversity of E. granulosus complex in a cohort of 30 Bulgarian CE patients. Ten animal E. granulosus isolates from neighboring Greece were additionally included. Specimens were comparatively analyzed for partial sequences of five mitochondrial (mt) (cox I, nad I, rrnS, rrnL, and atp6) and three nuclear (nc) genes (act II, hbx 2, and ef-1α) using a PCR-sequencing approach...
January 21, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110431/a-report-on-identification-of-sequence-polymorphism-in-barcode-region-of-six-commercially-important-cymbopogon-species
#9
Ashok Kumar Bishoyi, Aarti Kavane, Anjali Sharma, K A Geetha
CYMBOPOGON: is an important member of grass family Poaceae, cultivated for essential oils which have greater medicinal and industrial value. Taxonomic identification of Cymbopogon species is determined mainly by morphological markers, odour of essential oils and concentration of bioactive compounds present in the oil matrices which are highly influenced by environment. Authenticated molecular marker based taxonomical identification is also lacking in the genus; hence effort was made to evaluate potential DNA barcode loci in six commercially important Cymbopogon species for their individual discrimination and authentication at the species level...
January 21, 2017: Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110421/dendritic-cell-immune-responses-in-hiv-1-controllers
#10
REVIEW
Enrique Martin-Gayo, Xu G Yu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Robust HIV-1-specific CD8 T cell responses are currently regarded as the main correlate of immune defense in rare individuals who achieve natural, drug-free control of HIV-1; however, the mechanisms that support evolution of such powerful immune responses are not well understood. Dendritic cells (DCs) are specialized innate immune cells critical for immune recognition, immune regulation, and immune induction, but their possible contribution to HIV-1 immune defense in controllers remains ill-defined...
January 21, 2017: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110384/compass-systems
#11
Nikita Chernetsov
Three compass systems based on global cues known to exist in migrating birds are reviewed. Two of these systems are based on celestial cues, a time-dependent sun compass and time-independent, i.e. not involving the internal clock, star compass. The third system is the magnetic compass, based on a separate sensory modality, which currently attracts much attention from behavioural ecologists, physiologists and physicists. The complex pattern of hierarchy and interactions between these compass systems is briefly discussed...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110374/morphological-description-of-limbal-epithelium-searching-for-stem-cells-crypts-in-the-dog-cat-pig-cow-sheep-and-horse
#12
M Patruno, A Perazzi, T Martinello, A Blaseotto, E Di Iorio, I Iacopetti
The cornea provides protection and transparency to the eye, allowing an optimal sharpness view. In some pathological conditions the cornea is able to regenerate thanks to the presence of a stem cells reservoir present at the level of the transition area between cornea and sclera (limbus). Corneal cell therapies in Veterinary Medicine are really limited due to the lacking of knowledge about the anatomy of the limbal area, the putative presence of stem cells and their identification in domestic species. The aim of this study was to provide an overview of the main distinctive structural features of the sclero-corneal junction and conjunctival-corneal junction areas in some species of veterinary importance, using optic microscope observations of histological sections...
January 21, 2017: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110369/neuroradiology-of-human-prion-diseases-diagnosis-and-differential-diagnosis
#13
REVIEW
Simona Gaudino, Emma Gangemi, Raffaella Colantonio, Annibale Botto, Emanuela Ruberto, Rosalinda Calandrelli, Matia Martucci, Maria Gabriella Vita, Carlo Masullo, Alfonso Cerase, Cesare Colosimo
Human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), or prion diseases, are invariably fatal conditions associated with a range of clinical presentations. TSEs are classified as sporadic [e.g. sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD), which is the most frequent form], genetic (e.g. Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker disease, fatal familial insomnia, and inherited CJD), and acquired or infectious (e.g. Kuru, iatrogenic CJD, and variant CJD). In the past, brain imaging played a supporting role in the diagnosis of TSEs, whereas nowadays magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays such a prominent role that MRI findings have been included in the diagnostic criteria for sCJD...
January 21, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110365/vigour-in-west-african-dwarf-kids-within-the-first-24%C3%A2-h-post-partum
#14
I I Abdul-Rahman, A Bernard
One hundred and fifty West African Dwarf (WAD) kids were tested at the National Goats Breeding Station to determine the effects of some neonatal factors on their vigour levels within the first 24 h post-partum. The kids were also tested to establish the relationship between maternal weight, rectal temperature, times of first standing and sucking, sucking period and vigour. The distance covered (in meters) by a kid towards its mother during a 5-min test period was considered as vigour trait. Vigour levels increased significantly (p < 0...
January 21, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110357/the-potential-role-of-tree-diversity-in-reducing-shallow-landslide-risk
#15
Yuta Kobayashi, Akira S Mori
Recently, interest in utilizing ecosystems for disaster risk reduction has increased, even though there remains considerable uncertainty regarding the role of ecosystems in buffering against natural hazards. This ecosystem role can be considered an ecosystem service. Although a strong body of evidence shows that biodiversity enhances ecosystem services, there are only a few studies of the relationship between biodiversity and the role of the ecosystem in reducing the risk of natural disasters. To explore the desired state of an ecosystem for disaster risk reduction we applied the finding that biodiversity enhances ecosystem services to evaluate the role of woody vegetation in reducing the frequency and severity of shallow landslides...
January 21, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110339/the-effect-of-homoeologous-meiotic-pairing-in-tetraploid-hordeum-bulbosum-l-%C3%A3-h-vulgare-l-hybrids-on-alien-introgressions-in-offspring
#16
Margret Scholz, Galina Pendinen
The pairing behaviour of the individual chromosome arms of Hordeum vulgare (Hv) with their homoeologous arms of H. bulbosum (Hb) at metaphase I of meiosis in tetraploid Hb × Hv hybrids and the frequencies of recombined Hv chromosome arms in selfed offspring were studied on differentially visualized chromosomes after fluorescent in situ hybridisation. The frequencies of paired Hv-Hb arms in the F2 and F3 hybrids were correlated with the frequencies of recombined Hv chromosomes in progenies. Self-generation of hybrids, the number of Hv and Hb chromosomes, and the number of recombined Hv chromosomes of the hybrids strongly influenced the Hv-Hb pairing frequency in meiosis...
January 21, 2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110297/the-technical-report-on-sodium-intake-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-by-the-joint-working-group-of-the-world-heart-federation-the-european-society-of-hypertension-and-the-european-public-health-association
#17
REVIEW
Giuseppe Mancia, Suzanne Oparil, Paul K Whelton, Martin McKee, Anna Dominiczak, Friedrich C Luft, Khalid AlHabib, Fernando Lanas, Albertino Damasceno, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Giuseppe La Torre, Michael Weber, Martin O'Donnell, Sidney C Smith, Jagat Narula
Ingestion of sodium is essential to health, but excess sodium intake is a risk factor for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Defining an optimal range of sodium intake in populations has been challenging and controversial. Clinical trials evaluating the effect of sodium reduction on blood pressure have shown blood pressure lowering effects down to sodium intake of less than 1.5 g/day. Findings from these blood pressure trials form the basis for current guideline recommendations to reduce sodium intake to less than 2...
January 21, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110289/associations-of-apolipoprotein-b-apolipoprotein-a-i-ratio-with-pre-diabetes-and-diabetes-risks-a-cross-sectional-study-in-chinese-adults
#18
Shuang Zheng, Tingting Han, Hua Xu, Huan Zhou, Xingxing Ren, Peihong Wu, Jun Zheng, Lihua Wang, Ming Zhang, Yihong Jiang, Yawen Chen, Huiying Qiu, Wei Liu, Yaomin Hu
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A-I (ApoB/ApoA-I) ratio is a useful predictor of cardiovascular risk. However, the association between the ApoB/ApoA-I ratio and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is still obscure. AIMS: To investigate the associations between the ApoB/ApoA-I ratio and the risk of T2DM and pre-diabetes in a Chinese population, and to assess the role of gender in these associations. METHODS: A stratified random sampling design was used in this cross-sectional study which included 264 men and 465 women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), pre-diabetes or T2DM...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110282/socioeconomic-disparities-in-birth-weight-and-body-mass-index-during-infancy-through-age-7%C3%A2-years-a-study-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#19
Camilla Schmidt Morgen, Per Kragh Andersen, Laust Hvas Mortensen, Laura D Howe, Mette Rasmussen, Pernille Due, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequalities in birth weight and in body mass index (BMI) later in childhood are in opposite directions, which raises questions about when during childhood the change in direction happens. We examined how maternal and paternal education and household income were associated with birthweight z-scores and with BMI z-scores at age 5 and 12 months and 7 years, and we examined the socioeconomic differences in the tracking of these z-scores across infancy and childhood...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110273/shifting-balance-on-a-static-mutation-selection-landscape-a-novel-scenario-of-positive-selection
#20
Christopher T Jones, Noor Youssef, Edward Susko, Joseph P Bielawski
A version of the mechanistic mutation-selection (MutSel) model that accounts for temporal dynamics at a site is presented. This is used to show that the rate ratio dN/dS at a site can be transiently >1 even when fitness coefficients are fixed or the fitness landscape is static. This occurs whenever a site drifts away from its fitness peak and is then forced back by selection, a process reminiscent of shifting balance. Shifting balance is strongest when the substitution process is not dominated by selection or drift, but admits interplay between the two...
November 8, 2016: Molecular Biology and Evolution
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