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Nur Ahmad Hussin, Ruvini U Pathirana, Sahar Hasim, Swetha Tati, Jessica A Scheib-Owens, Kenneth W Nickerson
Due to the increased number of immunocompromised patients, infections with the pathogen Candida albicans have significantly increased in recent years. C. albicans transition from yeast to germ tubes is one of the essential factors for virulence. In this study we noted that Lee's medium, commonly used to induce filamentation, contained 500-fold more biotin than needed for growth and 40-fold more biotin than is typically added to growth media. Thus, we investigated the effects of excess biotin on growth rate and filamentation by C...
September 21, 2016: Microorganisms
Caixia Wang, Mohua Chen, Zhen Hua Li, Mingfei Zhou
The reactions of bismuth atoms and O2 have been investigated using matrix isolation infrared spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations. The ground state bismuth atoms react with dioxygen to form the BiOO and Bi(O2)2 complexes spontaneously on annealing. The BiOO molecule is characterized to be an end-on bonded superoxide complex, while the Bi(O2)2 molecule is characterized to be a superoxo bismuth peroxide complex, [Bi(3+)(O2(-))(O2(2-))]. Under UV-visible light irradiation, the Bi(O2)2 complex rearranges to the more stable OBiOOO isomer, an end-on bonded bismuth monoxide-ozonide complex...
November 7, 2013: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Jing Li, G√ľnter Brader, Elina Helenius, Tarja Kariola, E Tapio Palva
In addition to its essential metabolic functions, biotin has been suggested to play a critical role in regulating gene expression. The first committed enzyme in biotin biosynthesis in Arabidopsis, 7-keto-8-aminopelargonic acid synthase, is encoded by At5g04620 (BIO4). We isolated a T-DNA insertion mutant of BIO4 (bio4-1) with a spontaneous cell death phenotype, which was rescued both by exogenous biotin and genetic complementation. The bio4-1 plants exhibited massive accumulation of hydrogen peroxide and constitutive up-regulation of a number of genes that are diagnostic for defense and reactive oxygen species signaling...
April 2012: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
V Phalip, I Kuhn, Y Lemoine, J M Jeltsch
An engineered mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae affected in biotin biosynthesis has been isolated. This mutant allowed the characterization of a bio cluster (BIO3-4-5). We demonstrate that BIO3 (YNR058w) and BIO4 (YNR057c) encode, respectively, a 7, 8-diaminopelargonic acid aminotransferase and a dethiobiotin synthase, involved in the biotin biosynthesis pathway. A novel gene, BIO5 (YNR056c), is present immediately downstream from BIO4. This gene encodes Bio5p, a protein with 11 putative transmembrane regions...
May 17, 1999: Gene
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