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J Pavlíček, E Klásková, E Doležálková, D Matura, R Špaček, T Gruszka, S Polanská, M Procházka
OBJECTIVE: To audit the development and success rate of prenatal detection of congenital heart defects (CHDs), and to evaluate the effectiveness of diagnostics performed in standardized scanning planes. SETTING: Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Ostrava. DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Ultrasound examination of fetal heart (fetal echocardiography) was performed in the second trimester pregnancy. The observed region was the Moravian-Silesian region; the assessment was performed in the retrospective study performed between 2000- 2016...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
L Putnová, R Štohl, I Vrtková
We propose the first comprehensive in-depth study monitoring horses in the Czech Republic. We scanned 9,289 animals from 44 populations for 17 equine STRs. Other equids analysed involved Equus przewalskii and Equus asinus. The total of 228 different alleles were detected, with the mean number of 13.4 per locus. The highest allelic richness (AR) was found in the Welsh Part Bred (6.01), followed by the Camargue (5.93) and Czech Sport Pony (5.91), whereas the Friesian exhibited the lowest AR (3.06). Interpopulation differences explained approximately nine per cent of the total genetic diversity...
February 2018: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
Cecilia Leoni, Petra Pokorná, Jan Hovorka, Mauro Masiol, Jan Topinka, Yongjing Zhao, Kamil Křůmal, Steven Cliff, Pavel Mikuška, Philip K Hopke
Ostrava in the Moravian-Silesian region (Czech Republic) is a European air pollution hot spot for airborne particulate matter (PM), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and ultrafine particles (UFPs). Air pollution source apportionment is essential for implementation of successful abatement strategies. UFPs or nanoparticles of diameter <100 nm exhibit the highest deposition efficiency in human lungs. To permit apportionment of PM sources at the hot-spot including nanoparticles, Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) was applied to highly time resolved particle number size distributions (NSD, 14 nm-10 μm) and PM0...
March 2018: Environmental Pollution
Alexandra Ibrová, Ján Dupej, Petra Stránská, Petr Velemínský, Lumír Poláček, Jana Velemínská
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship of mastication and directional asymmetry (DA) of upper facial skeleton in Early Medieval sample from the Mikulčice settlement (Czech Republic). DESIGN: The settlement is divided into two burial areas of presumably different socioeconomic status: the castle and the sub-castle. The material consisted of 193 individuals (125 castle, 68 sub-castle). The relationship of facial skeleton DA and mastication was analysed by examining tooth wear and mandibular shape by means of 3D geometric morphometrics...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
T Gelbíčová, Z Tomáštíková, R Karpíšková
Listeria monocytogenes is the cause of a serious foodborne infection with a high fatality rate. The aim of this study was to assess the diversity of human isolates of L. monocytogenes recovered in the Czech Republic from 2013 to 2016 by molecular biological methods. Most cases of listeriosis were caused by strains of serotype 1/2a (58 %) from clonal complex CC8 (28 %) and serotype 4b (28 %) from CC6 (16 %). The results of macrorestriction analysis confirmed primarily the occurrence of sporadic cases of listeriosis...
2017: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
Zdenek Hubálek, Zina Juricová, Petra Straková, Hana Blazejová, Lenka Betásová, Ivo Rudolf
Antibodies to West Nile virus (WNV) were examined by plaque-reduction neutralization test in the blood sera of 1023 wild artiodactyls: 105 roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), 148 red deer (Cervus elaphus), 287 fallow deer (Dama dama), 71 mouflons (Ovis musimon), and 412 wild boars (Sus scrofa), sampled in South Moravian district of Breclav (Czech Republic) in the years 1990-2008. Neutralizing antibodies were detected in 5.9% of wild ruminants (4.8% roe deer, 4.1% red deer, 6.3% fallow deer, 9.9% mouflons) and 4...
September 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Kristýna Hricová, Magdaléna Röderová, Vendula Pudová, Vojtěch Hanulík, Dana Halová, Pavla Julínková, Monika Dolejská, Ivo Papoušek, Jan Bardoň
Increasing bacterial resistance to quinolone antibiotics is apparent in both humans and animals. For humans, a potential source of resistant bacteria may be animals or their products entering the human food chain, for example poultry. Between July 2013 and September 2014, samples were collected and analyzed in the Moravian regions of the Czech Republic to isolate the bacterium Escherichia coli. As a result, 212 E. coli isolates were obtained comprising 126 environmental isolates from poultry houses and 86 isolates from cloacal swabs from market-weight turkeys...
June 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
L Nejman, R Wood, D Wright, L Lisá, Z Nerudová, P Neruda, A Přichystal, J Svoboda
In 1956-1958, excavations of Pod Hradem Cave in Moravia (eastern Czech Republic) revealed evidence for human activity during the Middle-Upper Paleolithic transition. This spanned 25,050-44,800 cal BP and contained artefacts attributed to the Aurignacian and Szeletian cultures, including those made from porcelanite (rarely used at Moravian Paleolithic sites). Coarse grained excavation techniques and major inversions in radiocarbon dates meant that site chronology could not be established adequately. This paper documents re-excavation of Pod Hradem in 2011-2012...
July 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
Kristína Štrbová, Helena Raclavská, Jiří Bílek
The aim of the study was to characterize vertical distribution of particulate matter, in an area well known by highest air pollution levels in Europe. A balloon filled with helium with measuring instrumentation was used for vertical observation of air pollution over the fugitive sources in Moravian-Silesian metropolitan area during spring and summer. Synchronously, selected meteorological parameters were recorded together with particulate matter for exploration its relationship with particulate matter. Concentrations of particulate matter in the vertical profile were significantly higher in the spring than in the summer...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Lucia Ihnát Rudinská, Petr Hejna, Margita Smatanová, Peter Ihnát, Igor Dvořáček
The aim of the present study is to investigate incidence and seriousness of CPR-associated injuries on a cohort of CPR non-survivors after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the Moravian-Silesian region. In total, 80 persons were included in the study within the study period (2012 - 2015). CPR-associated injuries were identified in 75 (93.7 %) persons, multiple injuries were found in 73 persons. Spectrum of identified injuries covered skin injuries of the upper half of the body, head and neck injuries, rare abdominal injuries and very frequent thorax injuries...
2017: Soudní Lékarství
Daniela Stanikova, Marek Buzga, Patrik Krumpolec, Martina Skopkova, Martina Surova, Barbara Ukropcova, Lubica Ticha, Miroslava Petrasova, Dominika Gabcova, Miroslava Huckova, Lucie Piskorova, Jan Bozensky, Marian Mokan, Jozef Ukropec, Ivona Zavacka, Iwar Klimes, Juraj Stanik, Daniela Gasperikova
BACKGROUND: Inactivating mutations of the hypothalamic transcription factor singleminded1 (SIM1) have been shown as a cause of early-onset severe obesity. However, to date, the contribution of SIM1 mutations to the obesity phenotype has only been studied in a few populations. In this study, we screened the functional regions of SIM1 in severely obese children of Slovak and Moravian descent to determine if genetic variants within SIM1 may influence the development of obesity in these populations...
2017: PloS One
Katerina Jarova, Alice Koleckarova, Zuzana Kralova, Milada Vavrova
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the contamination level of aquatic ecosystems of the Svitava River, situated in the South Moravian Region (Czech Republic), by residues of selected brominated flame retardants. We isolated and determined seven indicator PBDE congeners in samples of surface water and bottom sediments using optimized analytical methods. DESIGN: Samples were collected from eight locations along the river basin, particularly near the larger cities in order to assess their possible impact on the aquatic ecosystems...
December 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Hana Lehocká, Ivona Závacká, Jana Vavrošová, Vladimír Janout
The aim of this study is to analyze the genotoxic risks in the Moravian-Silesian Region in the Czech Republic and assess the significance of genotoxic factors in the etiology of cancer by bringing together the Registry of Occupational Exposure to Genotoxic Factors and the Cancer Registry and compare the rate of detected cancer in persons exposed to genotoxic factors via their work in the Moravian-Silesian Region with the occurrence of cancer in the population of the Czech Republic. The results show: (a) For the monitored group (748 person) for the period 1996-2008, according to gender, was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of oncological diseases compared to the population of the Czech Republic...
March 1, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
Vítězslav Jiřík, Ondřej Machaczka, Veronika Ovesná, Hana Miturová, Eva Holendová, Jana Janoutová, Vladimír Janout
AIM: The aim of this paper is to provide information about the concentrations of airborne bioaerosols (airborne bacteria, fungi and endotoxins) in outdoor suburban environments in Ostrava, Moravian-Silesian region, Czech Republic. METHODS: The methods were based on systematic bioaerosol monitoring during one calendar year, subsequent analysis of the samples and statistical processing. The regression, correlation analysis and analysis of variance for one factor and pairwise comparisons were performed on bioaerosol data to determine their dependence on season, daytime, temperature, humidity and dew point...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Karel Lach, Karel Klouda, Vladimír Mička, Lucie Hellebrandová
Air quality in the Moravian-Silesian Region and especially in the Ostrava agglomeration represents a very important factor influencing the environment and health of the local population. The area has been burdend for more than two centuries with rapid development of the mining industry and related metallurgical and chemical production. As a result, hundreds of tons of pollutants have progressively been released into the atmosphere. Some of them have been gradually eliminated from the environment; others, such as some heavy metals, remain locally present and burden the local landscape...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Libor Černikovský, Blanka Krejčí, Zdeněk Blažek, Vladimíra Volná
OBJECTIVE: The Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (CHMI) estimated the transboundary transport of air pollution between the Czech Republic and Poland by assessing relationships between weather conditions and air pollution in the area as part of the "Air Quality Information System in the Polish-Czech border of the Silesian and Moravian-Silesian region" project ( Estimation of cross-border transport of pollutants is important for Czech-Polish negotiations and targeted measures for improving air quality...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
D Neubert, R Pilka, D Stejskal, G Krejčí
AIM: Trefoil peptides are a family of small proteins that are expressed in a site-specific fashion by certain epithelial tissues. These peptides appear to be important in mucosal healing processes, in neoplastic disease and in human reproduction. DESIGN: Literature review. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital, Medical Faculty, Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic; Department of Laboratory Biochemistry, Central Moravian Hospital Trust, Member of Agel holding, Prostějov...
December 0: Ceská Gynekologie
Ema Hrešanová
This paper explores the history of the 'psychoprophylactic method of painless childbirth' in socialist Czechoslovakia, in particular, in the Czech and Moravian regions of the country, showing that it substantially differs from the course that the method took in other countries. This non-pharmacological method of pain relief originated in the USSR and became well known as the Lamaze method in western English-speaking countries. Use of the method in Czechoslovakia, however, followed a very different path from both the West, where its use was refined mainly outside the biomedical frame, and the USSR, where it ceased to be pursued as a scientific method in the 1950s after Stalin's death...
October 2016: Medical History
J Janoutová, L Siváková, L Máslová, A Hozák, K Vařechová, V Janout
AIM: The analysis of the available reported data and epidemiological investigation data on the cases of Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (CJD) that emerged in the Nový Jičín district in 2001-2011, with a focus on the familial form of the disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from the Regional Public Health Service of the Moravian-Silesian Region, local Public Health Centre Nový Jičín, were used for the analysis. RESULTS: This is a retrospective report of 10 cases of familial Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (CJD) in the Nový Jičín district in 2001-2011, based on the data from the public health service...
December 0: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
Jana Matějů, Marta Chanová, David Modrý, Barbora Mitková, Kristýna Hrazdilová, Víta Žampachová, Libuše Kolářová
BACKGROUND: Human dirofilariasis is a zoonotic infection that continues to spread to previously unaffected areas of Europe. In the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic (CR), imported as well as autochthonous canine infections were recorded in the last decade, and parasite DNA was detected in mosquitoes of Aedes vexans. In the present paper, human Dirofilaria infections are reported from the country for the first time. CASE PRESENTATION: The samples from five patients with suspected tissue helminthiases were investigated...
April 19, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
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