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Ema Hrešanová
This paper explores the history of the 'psychoprophylactic method of painless childbirth' in socialist Czechoslovakia, in particular, in the Czech and Moravian regions of the country, showing that it substantially differs from the course that the method took in other countries. This non-pharmacological method of pain relief originated in the USSR and became well known as the Lamaze method in western English-speaking countries. Use of the method in Czechoslovakia, however, followed a very different path from both the West, where its use was refined mainly outside the biomedical frame, and the USSR, where it ceased to be pursued as a scientific method in the 1950s after Stalin's death...
October 2016: Medical History
J Janoutová, L Siváková, L Máslová, A Hozák, K Vařechová, V Janout
AIM: The analysis of the available reported data and epidemiological investigation data on the cases of Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (CJD) that emerged in the Nový Jičín district in 2001-2011, with a focus on the familial form of the disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from the Regional Public Health Service of the Moravian-Silesian Region, local Public Health Centre Nový Jičín, were used for the analysis. RESULTS: This is a retrospective report of 10 cases of familial Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (CJD) in the Nový Jičín district in 2001-2011, based on the data from the public health service...
2016: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
Jana Matějů, Marta Chanová, David Modrý, Barbora Mitková, Kristýna Hrazdilová, Víta Žampachová, Libuše Kolářová
BACKGROUND: Human dirofilariasis is a zoonotic infection that continues to spread to previously unaffected areas of Europe. In the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic (CR), imported as well as autochthonous canine infections were recorded in the last decade, and parasite DNA was detected in mosquitoes of Aedes vexans. In the present paper, human Dirofilaria infections are reported from the country for the first time. CASE PRESENTATION: The samples from five patients with suspected tissue helminthiases were investigated...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Alena Lorencova, Vladimir Babak, Jiri Lamka
Human yersiniosis caused by pathogenic Yersinia spp. is one of the most common reported zoonoses in the European Union and pigs are considered as the major reservoir of these bacteria. Serological testing represents a suitable method to obtain information about the prevalence of enteropathogenic Yersinia spp. in food animals. The prevalence of antibodies against enteropathogenic Yersinia spp. was studied in 319 slaughtered pigs and 135 wild boars from different production systems in the Moravian region (Czech Republic) using a commercially available ELISA test (an apparent prevalence)...
May 2016: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Veronika Csákyová, Anna Szécsényi-Nagy, Aranka Csősz, Melinda Nagy, Gabriel Fusek, Péter Langó, Miroslav Bauer, Balázs Gusztáv Mende, Pavol Makovický, Mária Bauerová
The genetic composition of the medieval populations of Central Europe has been poorly investigated to date. In particular, the region of modern-day Slovakia is a blank spot in archaeogenetic research. This paper reports the study of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in ancient samples from the 9th-12th centuries originating from the cemeteries discovered in Nitra-Šindolka and Čakajovce, located in western Slovakia (Central Europe). This geographical region is interesting to study because its medieval multi-ethnic population lived in the so-called contact zone of the territory of the Great Moravian and later Hungarian state formations...
2016: PloS One
Monika Kozińska, Jerzy Zientek, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć, Zofia Zwolska, Jerzy Kozielski
INTRODUCTION: In 2007, Poland, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia joined the Schengen Agreement, abolishing restrictions on people crossing the borders. Currently, these areas are places of population movements for economic, family, and touristic reasons. This favors the transmission of infectious diseases, including tuberculosis, and requires enhanced control over the spread of the source of infection in the population of patients living in the border areas. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic relatedness among Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains isolated from patients living in 3 border areas: Poland, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia...
2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
Father Clemens Richter
Johann Mendel (Gregor was the name given to him only later by his Augustinian order, Fig. 1) was born on July 20, 1822 to an ethnic German family, Anton and Rosina Mendel (Fig. 2), in Heinzendorf in the Austrian Empire at the Moravian-Silesian border (now Hynčice, Czech Republic).
November 2015: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
Ondřej Bonczek, Alena Žákovská, Lýdia Vargová, Omar Šerý
INTRODUCTION: During 2008-2012, a total of 466 ticks Ixodes ricinus removed from humans were collected and tested for the presence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Bbsl). Ticks were collected in all districts of the South Moravian region of the Czech Republic (CZ). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the infestation of Bbsl in ticks Ixodes ricinus and the identification of genospecies of Bbsl group by DNA sequencing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: DNA isolation from homogenates was performed by UltraClean BloodSpin DNA kit (MoBio) and by automated instrument Prepito (Perkin-Elmer)...
2015: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Cecilia M Fox
The Neuroscience Program of Moravian College aspires to produce well-informed, morally responsible and civically engaged individuals who will become the next generation of community leaders. Through the integration of service learning and advocacy into a Neuroscience curriculum, undergraduates are consistently involved in meaningful community service with instruction and reflection that enriches their learning experience, teaches civic responsibility and strengthens their college and local communities. As a result of our brain awareness outreach programming, formation of a local Society for Neuroscience chapter and advocacy for scientific funding initiatives, we have created a model of student engagement that has connected the academic to the practical in life altering ways for our undergraduates...
2015: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
Ivo Rudolf, Tamás Bakonyi, Oldřich Šebesta, Jan Mendel, Juraj Peško, Lenka Betášová, Hana Blažejová, Kristýna Venclíková, Petra Straková, Norbert Nowotny, Zdenek Hubálek
BACKGROUND: Mosquito-borne flaviviruses are a major public health threat in many countries worldwide. In Central Europe, West Nile virus (WNV) and Usutu virus (USUV), both belonging to the Japanese encephalitis virus group (Flaviviridae) have emerged in the last decennium. Surveillance of mosquito vectors for arboviruses is a sensitive tool to evaluate virus circulation and consequently to estimate the public health risk. METHODS: Mosquitoes (Culicidae) were collected at South-Moravian (Czech Republic) fishponds between 2010 and 2014...
2015: Parasites & Vectors
Ivana Koláčková, Marta Dušková, Hana Vojkovská, Jan Bardoň, Vendula Pudová, Renáta Karpíšková
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to obtain current information on the prevalence and species representation of bacteria of the genus Campylobacter in dogs in Moravia and to evaluate the risk factors affecting their occurrence with respect to possible transmission to the human population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Rectal swabs of dogs obtained in the routine practice of veterinarians in the South Moravian and Olomouc -regions were examined from May 2013 to December 2014...
June 2015: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
D Stanikova, M Surova, M Buzga, M Skopkova, L Ticha, M Petrasova, M Huckova, D Gabcova-Balaziova, L Valentova, M Mokan, I Zavacka, J Stanik, I Klimes, D Gasperikova
OBJECTIVES: The mutations in gene for the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) are the most common etiology factors of monogenic obesity development. Recently, it has been shown that current life style has a significant impact on the phenotype of MC4R mutation carriers - increases the penetrance of the mutations. We aimed to study the impact of the current age on the time of obesity onset among MC4R mutation carriers. METHODS: DNA analysis of the MC4R gene was performed in 268 unrelated Slovak and Moravian obese children and adolescents 18 years and 28 blood relatives >18 years of the probands with a mutation...
July 2015: Endocrine Regulations
Koen B Tanghe
In 1965, Mendel was still celebrated as the undisputed founder of genetics. In the ensuing 50 years, scholars questioned and undermined this traditional interpretation of his experiments with hybrid plants, without, however, managing to replace it: at the sesquicentennial of the presentation of his 'Versuche' (1865), the Moravian friar remains, to a vast majority, the heroic Father of genetics or at least some kind of geneticist. This exceptionally inert myth is nourished by ontological intuitions but can only continue to flourish, thanks to a long-standing conceptual void in the historiography of biology...
June 2015: Endeavour
Jon E Zibbell, Kashif Iqbal, Rajiv C Patel, Anil Suryaprasad, Kathy J Sanders, Loretta Moore-Moravian, Jamie Serrecchia, Steven Blankenship, John W Ward, Deborah Holtzman
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the most common blood-borne infection in the United States, with approximately three million persons living with current infection. Percutaneous exposure to contaminated blood is the most efficient mode of transmission, and in the United States, injection drug use (IDU) is the primary risk factor for infection. State surveillance reports from the period 2006-2012 reveal a nationwide increase in reported cases of acute HCV infection, with the largest increases occurring east of the Mississippi River, particularly among states in central Appalachia...
May 8, 2015: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Helen D Donoghue, G Michael Taylor, Antónia Marcsik, Erika Molnár, Gyorgy Pálfi, Ildikó Pap, Maria Teschler-Nicola, Ron Pinhasi, Yilmaz S Erdal, Petr Velemínsky, Jakub Likovsky, Maria Giovanna Belcastro, Valentina Mariotti, Alessandro Riga, Mauro Rubini, Paola Zaio, Gurdyal S Besra, Oona Y-C Lee, Houdini H T Wu, David E Minnikin, Ian D Bull, Justin O'Grady, Mark Spigelman
Leprosy was rare in Europe during the Roman period, yet its prevalence increased dramatically in medieval times. We examined human remains, with paleopathological lesions indicative of leprosy, dated to the 6th-11th century AD, from Central and Eastern Europe and Byzantine Anatolia. Analysis of ancient DNA and bacterial cell wall lipid biomarkers revealed Mycobacterium leprae in skeletal remains from 6th-8th century Northern Italy, 7th-11th century Hungary, 8th-9th century Austria, the Slavic Greater Moravian Empire of the 9th-10th century and 8th-10th century Byzantine samples from Northern Anatolia...
April 2015: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Marketa Sagova-Mareckova, Ondrej Daniel, Marek Omelka, Vaclav Kristufek, Jiri Divis, Jan Kopecky
Common scab of potatoes is a disease, which is difficult to manage due to complex interactions of the pathogenic bacteria (Streptomyces spp.) with soil, microbial community and potato plants. In Bohemian-Moravian Highlands in the Czech Republic two sites (Vyklantice and Zdirec) were selected for a study of common scab disease suppressivity. At both sites, a field with low disease severity occurs next to one with high severity and the situation was regularly observed over four decades although all four fields undergo a crop rotation...
2015: PloS One
Michael Darby
This is the fourth report detailing Ptiliidae collected from forest litter by the Moravian Museum (Brno, Czech Republic) expeditions to Madagascar 2010-2013. Eight new species are described and figured: B. edwardi sp. n.; B. lanquidula sp. n.; B. merina sp.n.; B. opaca sp. n.; B. problematica sp. n.; B. secubita sp. n.; B. thomasi sp. n. and B. verecunda sp. n., and new data recorded for  B. dybasi Johnson. Problems concerning the genital morphology and species determination of the parthenogenetic members of the genus are discussed in relation to the findings, and the first blind and apterous species reported...
2014: Zootaxa
K Sedlák, H Zelená, V Křivda, P Šatrán
STUDY AIM: The West Nile virus (WNV) is an important mosquito-borne flavivirus occurring around the world. Occasionally found in Central Europe, the virus spread massively through whole Hungary between 2008 and 2009. The aim of our study was to determine the recent prevalence of the WNV infection in horses in the Czech Republic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Overall, 2349 serum samples, collected from healthy unvaccinated adult horses in the Czech Republic between 2011 and 2013, were tested...
November 2014: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
J Bardoň, I Koláčková, V Husičková, M Röderová, R Karpíšková, T Stosová, M Kolář
OBJECTIVES: To monitor the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in poultry in slaughterhouses, poultry and pork liver at retail, and cows milk in Moravia. To determine the resistance of animal isolates to selected antibiotics; and to compare it with an antibiogram of human strains. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Throughout the year 2013, the following samples were collected in the South Moravian and Olomouc Regions: mixed samples of broiler cecal contents in slaughterhouses, fresh and frozen chickens and pork liver at retail, and raw cows milk from vending machines...
September 2014: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
Fatih Bayraktar, Hana Machackova, Lenka Dedkova, Alena Cerna, Anna Ševčíková
Although the research on cyberbullying has increased dramatically in recent years, still little is known about how cyberbullying participant groups (i.e., cyberbullies, cybervictims, and cyberbully-victims) differ from one another. This study aims to discriminate between these groups at an individual and relational level by controlling for age and gender. Self-control, offline aggression, and self-esteem are analyzed as individual-level variables. Parental attachment and peer rejection are involved as relational-level variables...
November 2015: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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