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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333180/influence-of-the-disease-label-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-on-intention-to-have-an-ultrasound-and-psychosocial-outcomes-a-randomised-online-study-in-young-women
#1
Tessa Copp, Kirsten McCaffery, Lamiae Azizi, Jenny Doust, Ben W J Mol, Jesse Jansen
STUDY QUESTION: Does the disease label 'polycystic ovary syndrome' (PCOS) have an impact on desire for medical testing and psychosocial outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: When given the disease label PCOS in a hypothetical scenario, participants had higher intention to have an ultrasound, perceived the condition to be more severe and had lower self-esteem than those not given the disease label. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Widening diagnostic criteria and improved imaging sensitivity have increased the number of reproductive-aged women diagnosed with PCOS from 4% to 8% to up to 21%...
February 18, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332254/information-needs-and-decision-making-preferences-of-older-women-offered-a-choice-between-surgery-and-primary-endocrine-therapy-for-early-breast-cancer
#2
Maria Burton, Karen Kilner, Lynda Wyld, Kate Joanna Lifford, Frances Gordon, Annabel Allison, Malcolm Reed, Karen Anna Collins
OBJECTIVES: To establish older women's (≥75 years) information preferences regarding two breast cancer treatment options: surgery plus adjuvant endocrine therapy versus primary endocrine therapy (PET). To quantify women's preferences for the mode of information presentation and decision making (DM) style. METHODS: This was a UK multi-centre survey of women, ≥75 years, who had been offered a choice between PET and surgery at diagnosis of breast cancer. A questionnaire was developed including two validated scales of decision regret and DM preferences...
March 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331737/barriers-against-mammographic-screening-in-a-socioeconomically-underdeveloped-population-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#3
Tolga Özmen, Salih Yüce, Tekin Güler, Canan Ulun, Nilufer Özaydın, Sandhya Pruthi, Nezih Akkapulu, Koray Karabulut, Atilla Soran, Vahit Özmen
OBJECTIVE: Mammography-screening (MS) rates remain low in underdeveloped populations. We aimed to find the barriers against MS in a low socioeconomic population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women aged 40-69 years who lived in the least developed city in Turkey (Mus), were targeted. A survey was used to question breast cancer (BC) knowledge and health practices. RESULTS: In total, 2054 women were surveyed (participation rate: 85%). The MS rate was 35%...
April 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329752/prevalence-and-possible-risk-factors-for-urinary-incontinence-a-cohort-study-in-the-city-of-izmir
#4
Omer Demir, Volkan Sen, Bora Irer, Ozan Bozkurt, Adil Esen
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and possible risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) among women aged 18 or older living in the city of Izmir, located in the Aegean coast of Turkey. METHODS: A questionnaire and the validated International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF) were filled by urologists (O.D., V.S., A.E., O.B., and B.I.) with face-to-face interview. The participants with urge UI (UUI) and stress UI (SUI) were compared in terms of risk factors, quality of life (QoL) scores, severity of incontinence, status of doctor consultation, and total ICIQ-SF scores...
March 22, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327828/-tuberculosis-in-health-workers-in-peru-2013-2015
#5
Mirtha Gabriela Soto-Cabezas, Ana María Chávez-Pachas, Juan Carlos Arrasco-Alegre, Martin Javier Alfredo Yagui-Moscoso
Objectives.: To describe the characteristics of tuberculosis epidemiology in Peruvian health workers. Materials and methods.: A descriptive study was performed. It included all health workers with tuberculosis listed in the national epidemiological surveillance system of the Peruvian Ministry of Health, during 2013, 2014, and 2015. Results.: A total of 755 cases of tuberculosis in health workers were reported: 60% worked in hospitals, 28% worked in primary-care facilities, and 12% worked in private facilities...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326301/association-of-serum-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-concentration-and-arterial-stiffness-among-korean-adults-in-single-center
#6
Jung Hae Lee, Heuy Sun Suh
BACKGROUND: There are growing concerns about the role of vitamin D deficiency in cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we investigated the correlation between serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25[OH]D) and arterial stiffness among Korean adults. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of 302 people (115 women and 187 men) who visited a tertiary hospital from January 2015 to December 2016. Serum 25(OH)D was measured using the radioimmunoassay technique, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was measured using an automatic wave analyzer...
February 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322644/meta-analyses-of-predictors-of-health-practices-in-pregnant-women
#7
Barbara L Cannella, Adela Yarcheski, Noreen E Mahon
The aims of this study were to identify predictors of health practices of pregnant women in the literature reviewed, to use meta-analysis to ascertain the mean effect size (ES) across studies between each predictor and health practices, and to examine four moderators on each predictor-health practices relationship. Using preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines for the literature assessed, 32 published studies or doctoral dissertations completed between 1992 and 2015 met the inclusion criteria...
December 1, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318314/promising-and-established-investigators-experiences-participating-in-the-national-athletic-trainers-association-foundation-research-mentor-program-a
#8
Sara L Nottingham, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Jessica L Barrett
CONTEXT: Mentorship is a helpful resource for individuals who transition from doctoral student to tenure-track faculty member. The National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) Research & Education Foundation offers a Research Mentor Program to provide mentorship to promising investigators, particularly as they work to establish independent lines of research. OBJECTIVE: To gain the perspectives of promising and established investigators on their participation in the NATA Foundation Research Mentor Program...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301860/it-is-a-painful-somatic-symptom-not-the-history-of-cancer-malignancy-that-is-associated-with-depression-findings-from-multiple-national-surveys
#9
Krystina Johnson, Maria D Politis, Andrew R Hansen, Lindsey E McKenzie, Dustin T Duncan, Jian Zhang
Medical case management has improved in the past few decades, changing the dynamic interaction between depression and prevalent medical diseases. It is relevant to describe the comorbidity between depression and medical diseases to further improve the effectiveness of case management. We analyzed the data of adults aged 20 years and older, who completed depression screening as a part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005 to 2012. Depression was ascertained using the Patient Health Questionnaire, a 9-item screening instrument asking about the frequency of depression symptoms over the past 2 weeks...
April 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298774/a-survey-on-awareness-about-the-role-of-anesthesia-and-anesthesiologists-among-the-patients-undergoing-surgeries-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-women-and-children-hospital
#10
Vinay Marulasiddappa, H N Nethra
BACKGROUND: Although anesthesiology has grown tremendously and although anesthesiologists play a crucial role in the perioperative management of patients and also outside operating theater (OT) such as critical care, pain clinic, and labor analgesia, they do not get due recognition. We conducted a study to assess the awareness about the role of anesthesia and anesthesiologists among patients scheduled to undergo surgery in a Government Tertiary Care Teaching Women and Children Hospital...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298197/what-do-young-australian-women-want-when-talking-to-doctors-about-contraception
#11
Denisa L Goldhammer, Catriona Fraser, Britta Wigginton, Melissa L Harris, Deborah Bateson, Deborah Loxton, Mary Stewart, Jacqueline Coombe, Jayne C Lucke
BACKGROUND: Access to most contraceptives in Australia requires a prescription from a doctor, and it has been shown that doctors can influence women's decision-making with respect to contraception. However, little research has documented how women experience their interactions with doctors within the context of a contraceptive consultation. Understanding such experiences may contribute to our knowledge of factors that may influence women's contraceptive decisions more broadly. METHODS: We report on findings from the Contraceptive Use, Pregnancy Intentions and Decisions (CUPID) survey of young Australian women, a large-scale longitudinal study of 3,795 women aged 18-23 years...
March 15, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293453/an-overview-and-management-of-osteoporosis
#12
REVIEW
Tümay Sözen, Lale Özışık, Nursel Çalık Başaran
Osteoporosis -related to various factors including menopause and aging- is the most common chronic metabolic bone disease, which is characterized by increased bone fragility. Although it is seen in all age groups, gender, and races, it is more common in Caucasians (white race), older people, and women. With an aging population and longer life span, osteoporosis is increasingly becoming a global epidemic. Currently, it has been estimated that more than 200 million people are suffering from osteoporosis. According to recent statistics from the International Osteoporosis Foundation, worldwide, 1 in 3 women over the age of 50 years and 1 in 5 men will experience osteoporotic fractures in their lifetime...
March 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290959/benefit-type-and-care-source-in-relation-to-mammography-screening-and-breast-cancer-stage-at-diagnosis-among-dod-beneficiaries
#13
Janna Manjelievskaia, Derek Brown, Stephanie Shao, Keith Hofmann, Craig D Shriver, Kangmin Zhu
BACKGROUND: Type of insurance and out-of-pocket costs influence the use of medical care. Specifically, type of insurance can impact an individual's likelihood of receiving a screening mammogram. Additionally, variation in tumor stage at diagnosis exists for patients with different types of insurance. It is not clear whether different benefit types and care sources differ in breast cancer care and outcomes among Department of Defense (DoD) beneficiaries. METHODS: The objective of this study was to examine differences in screening mammography and tumor stage at diagnosis between different benefit types (TRICARE Prime vs...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288647/providers-of-antenatal-care-services-in-ghana-evidence-from-ghana-demographic-and-health-surveys-1988-2014
#14
Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Eugene Kofuor Maafo Darteh, Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care is one of the three most essential care - antenatal, delivery and post-natal, given to women during pregnancy and has the potential to contribute towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 3.1- reducing the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 and target 3.8 - achieve universal health coverage. The main objective is to examine the contribution of the various providers of antenatal care services in Ghana from 1988 to 2014...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288387/can-we-make-a-portrait-of-women-with-inoperable-locally-advanced-breast-cancer
#15
Giacomo Montagna, Andres R Schneeberger, Lorenzo Rossi, Gabriella Bianchi Micheli, Francesco Meani, Mauro Imperiali, Alessandra Spitale, Olivia Pagani
INTRODUCTION: Delay between clinical presentation and treatment of breast cancer (BC) can significantly impact mortality. We aimed at drawing a picture of women with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) treated at our Breast Unit and at investigating factors associated with treatment delay. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive analysis, using a specific 28-item semi-structured questionnaire, was conducted in 67 patients diagnosed with T4 BC. RESULTS: Nearly a third of our patients had at least one known predisposing factor for LABC...
March 10, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285727/non-medical-opioid-use-and-sources-of-opioids-among-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-reproductive-aged-women
#16
Katy B Kozhimannil, Amy J Graves, Marian Jarlenski, Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Sarah Gollust, Colleen L Barry
BACKGROUND: The morbidity and mortality burden of the US opioid epidemic falls heavily on reproductive-age women. Information on the patterns of and sources for non-medical use of prescription opioids among reproductive age women, including pregnant women, will inform public health and prevention efforts to mitigate the effects of the opioid epidemic. This study characterized non-medical use of prescription opioids among reproductive-age U.S. women, with a focus on pregnancy status. METHODS: We used nationally-representative data from the National Survey of Drug Use and Health (2005-2014) to examine non-medical use (NMU) of prescription opioids in the past 30days among females ages 18-44 (N=154,179), distinguishing pregnant women (N=8069)...
March 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277018/gender-and-national-origin-differences-in-healthcare-utilization-among-u-s-immigrants-from-mexico-china-and-india
#17
Jen'nan Ghazal Read, Paige Borelli Smith
OBJECTIVES: To examine gender and national origin differences in the healthcare utilization of immigrants from the three largest populations in the U.S. today (Mexico, China, and India) and to determine if barriers to utilization operate similarly across groups. METHODS: The analysis uses nationally-representative data from the 2003 New Immigrant Survey (NIS) to compare utilization behaviors among legal permanent residents from Mexico, China, and India (n = 2244)...
February 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275796/-influential-factors-of-dental-anxiety-among-dental-implantation-patients
#18
Yang Chen, Min Liu
PURPOSE: To explore the influential factors and of dental anxiety among dental implantation patients. METHODS: We conducted a dental anxiety survey in 226 patients, and analyzed the relationship of different factors with dental anxiety, including education, age, gender, number of implantation, systematic diseases, and analyzed source of dental anxiety. SPSS 17.0 software package was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Education, number of implantation, systematic diseases were the influential factors for dental anxiety...
December 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273646/interventions-to-support-shared-decision-making-for-women-with-heavy-menstrual-bleeding-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
D Zandstra, J A S Busser, J W M Aarts, T E Nieboer
This review studies women's preferences for shared decision-making about heavy menstrual bleeding treatment and evaluates interventions that support shared decision-making and their effectiveness. PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Medline and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched. Three research questions were predefined: 1) What is the range of perspectives gathered in studies that examine women facing a decision related to heavy menstrual bleeding management?; 2) What types of interventions have been developed to support shared decision-making for women experiencing heavy menstrual bleeding?; and 3) In what way might women benefit from interventions that support shared decision-making? All original studies were included if the study population consisted of women experiencing heavy menstrual bleeding...
February 28, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267788/dementia-incidence-trend-over-1992-2014-in-the-netherlands-analysis-of-primary-care-data
#20
Emma F van Bussel, Edo Richard, Derk L Arts, Astrid C J Nooyens, Preciosa M Coloma, Margot W M de Waal, Marjan van den Akker, Marion C J Biermans, Markus M J Nielen, Kees van Boven, Hugo Smeets, Fiona E Matthews, Carol Brayne, Wim B Busschers, Willem A van Gool, Eric P Moll van Charante
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have suggested declining age-specific incidence rates of dementia in high-income countries over time. Improved education and cardiovascular health in early age have been suggested to be bringing about this effect. The aim of this study was to estimate the age-specific dementia incidence trend in primary care records from a large population in the Netherlands. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A dynamic cohort representative of the Dutch population was composed using primary care records from general practice registration networks (GPRNs) across the country...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
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