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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917622/does-gender-matter-an-analysis-of-men-s-and-women-s-accounts-of-responding-to-symptoms-of-lung-cancer
#1
Alice MacLean, Kate Hunt, Sarah Smith, Sally Wyke
Men are often portrayed - in research studies, 'common-sense' accounts and popular media - as reluctant users of health services. They are said to avoid going to the GP whenever possible, while women are portrayed, in presumed opposition, as consulting more readily, more frequently and with less serious complaints. Such stereotypes may inadvertently encourage doctors to pay greater heed to men's symptoms in 'routine' consultations. Although previous research has challenged this view with evidence, and suggested that links between gender identities and help-seeking are complex and fluid, gender comparative studies remain uncommon, and particularly few studies (either qualitative or quantitative) compare men and women with similar morbidity...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915061/prevalence-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-herbal-remedy-use-in-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women-results-from-the-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation
#2
Robin R Green, Nanette Santoro, Amanda A Allshouse, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Carol Derby
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use, including botanical/herbal remedies, among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), New Jersey site. We also examined whether attitudes toward CAM and communication of its use to providers differed for Hispanic and non-Hispanic women. STUDY DESIGN: SWAN is a community-based, multiethnic cohort study of midlife women...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913129/evaluating-the-content-and-quality-of-intrapartum-care-in-vaginal-births-an-example-of-a-state-hospital
#3
Zekiye Karaçam, Döndü Arslan Kurnaz, Gizem Güneş
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research was to assess the content and quality of the intrapartum care offered in vaginal births in Turkey, based on the example of a state hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between January 1(st), 2013 and December 31(st), 2014 at Aydın Maternity and Children's Hospital. The study sample consisted of 303 women giving vaginal birth, who were recruited into the study using the method of convenience sampling...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911130/on-the-ferries-the-unmet-health-care-needs-of-transiting-refugees-in-greece
#4
Clare K Shortall, Rosanna Glazik, Alvin Sornum, Ceri Pritchard
Background: In 2015, over 850 000 refugees, asylum seekers and migrants arrived in Greece. In response to an overwhelming need for access to healthcare for them, Doctors of the World established the Refugee Ferry Project, which comprised of a clinic providing primary health care, and integrated mental health and psychosocial support on board a commercial ferry. Methods: Of the 1405 service users, 87.5% (1229/1405) originated from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. The majority were women 801/1405 (57%) and children 511/1405 (36%), including 50 pregnant women and 19 unaccompanied minors...
September 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910231/professionals-attitude-toward-reporting-child-sexual-abuse-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Dalia M Al-Saif, Majid Al-Eissa, Hassan Saleheen, Huda Al-Mutlaq, Mark D Everson, Maha A Almuneef
Child sexual abuse (CSA) requires specialized knowledge and training that includes forensic interview skills. The aim of this study was to determine variations in professionals' attitudes toward CSA by measuring three aspects of forensic attitudes (sensitivity, specificity, and skepticism) and evaluating disagreements concerning the assessment of CSA cases in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional, web-based study, in which the Child Forensic Attitude Scale was used to measure professionals' attitudes, was conducted...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#6
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900332/a-case-of-mature-cystic-teratoma-in-an-8-year-old-girl-a-rare-case-report
#7
Manika Agarwal, Shweta Mishra
Ovarian tumors are commonly seen in reproductive age group in women. However, when they occur at extremes of age, the suspicion of malignancy increases. The detection of dermoid cyst at 8 years of age is uncommon and hence is being reported to acquaint the doctors of this possibility. Awareness of benign tumors in small children can help in proper counseling of patient party and planning the surgical procedure.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895999/-quality-of-life-and-associated-characteristics-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-the-adult-population-of-burgos-spain
#8
M T Barroso-Perez, E Cubo, J Cordero-Guevara, E Poza-Maure, L Checa-Diez
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder with a prevalence of up to 15%, although little is known about its impact upon quality of life. AIM: To analyse the impact of RLS on health-related quality of life. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study. A random sample of 1,275 subjects over 18 years old, stratified by age, was taken from the urban area of Burgos, with an estimated prevalence, 10%; alpha, 5%; accuracy, 3%; and losses, 70%, using a two-phase study (screening and diagnosis of cases of RLS and non-cases confirmed by a doctor)...
September 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892575/effects-of-treating-helminths-during-pregnancy-and-early-childhood-on-risk-of-allergy-related-outcomes-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Benigna Namara, Stephen Nash, Swaib A Lule, Hellen Akurut, Harriet Mpairwe, Florence Akello, Josephine Tumusiime, Moses Kizza, Joyce Kabagenyi, Gyaviira Nkurunungi, Lawrence Muhangi, Emily L Webb, Moses Muwanga, Alison M Elliott
BACKGROUND: Helminth infections, common in low income countries, may protect against allergy-related disease. Early exposure may be key. In the Entebbe Mother and Baby Study, treating helminths during pregnancy resulted in increased eczema rates in early childhood. We followed the cohort to determine whether this translated to increased asthma rates at school-age. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, conducted in Entebbe, Uganda, had three interventions...
September 11, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891755/early-career-reflections-of-three-female-gerontologists-motivations-perceptions-and-the-life-course
#10
Lisa Borrero, Kathryn Berlin, Tina M Kruger
As the number of individuals 65 and older increases, so does the need for those prepared to work with this population. Doctoral-level preparation in the field of gerontology creates a uniquely-prepared contingent who advocate, conduct research, instruct future generations, and serve the older adult population directly. Women are especially likely to pursue gerontology doctoral degrees, yet little is understood about the unique challenges and opportunities they face. The purpose of this reflection was to examine the experiences of three women who pursued doctoral-level gerontology education and faculty positions at different life stages to explore their challenges and opportunities through their educational process and early career experiences...
September 11, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890676/the-effect-of-music-in-gynaecological-office-procedures-on-pain-anxiety-and-satisfaction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
N Mak, I M A Reinders, S A Slockers, E H M N Westen, J W M Maas, M Y Bongers
BACKGROUND: Pain can interfere with office procedures in gynaecology. The aim of this study is to measure the positive effect of music in gynaecological office procedures. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was performed between October 2014 and January 2016. Women scheduled for an office hysteroscopy or colposcopy were eligible for randomization in the music group or control group. Stratification for hysteroscopy and colposcopy took place. The primary outcome is patients' level of pain during the procedure measured by the visual analogue scale (VAS)...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882551/what-women-want-from-their-health-care-providers-about-pregnancy-options-counseling-a-qualitative-study
#12
Valerie A French, Jody E Steinauer, Katrina Kimport
OBJECTIVES: Unintended pregnancy is common in the United States, yet scant research has evaluated women's preferences on pregnancy options counseling. This study explores pregnant women's preferences for pregnancy options counseling from health care providers. METHODS: We conducted semistructured interviews with pregnant women at a prenatal clinic and an abortion clinic. We asked women about recent discussions-or lack thereof-about pregnancy options (parenting, adoption, and abortion) with a clinician, and what they would want their provider to discuss about pregnancy options...
September 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880705/healthcare-access-and-cancer-screening-among-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#13
Greta M Massetti, Julie S Townsend, Cheryll C Thomas, Kathleen C Basile, Lisa C Richardson
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) victims often experience substantial and persistent mental and physical health problems, including increased risk for chronic disease and barriers to healthcare access. This study investigated the association between IPV and cancer screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from the eight states and one U.S. territory that administered the optional IPV module in 2006 were analyzed to examine demographic characteristics, health behaviors, health status, healthcare coverage, use of health services, and cancer screening among men and women who reported IPV victimization compared with those among men and women who did not...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879068/self-collected-vaginal-swabs-for-hpv-screening-an-exploratory-study-of-rural-black-mississippi-women
#14
Richard A Crosby, Michael E Hagensee, Rebecca Fisher, Lindsay R Stradtman, Tom Collins
OBJECTIVES: To determine the post-procedure acceptability of self-collecting a vaginal swab for HPV testing among a highly impoverished and geographically isolated population of medically underserved Black women residing in the Mississippi Delta. Further, to test correlates of reporting that self-collection is preferred over Pap testing. Finally, to determine the prevalence of any of 13 high-risk HPV types among this population and the correlates of testing positive. METHODS: Eighty-eight women were recruited from two churches located in different towns of the Mississippi Delta...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877123/care-autonomy-and-gender-in-nursing-practice-a-historical-study-of-nurses-experiences
#15
Paola Galbany-Estragués, Dolors Comas-d'Argemir
BACKGROUND: Care is the essence of the nursing role and is closely related to the concept of professional autonomy. Autonomy is implicated in power relations between doctors and nurses and between men and women. These relationships are closely linked to care practices and the inequality of nursing and medicine. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze nursing discourse regarding the concept of care and its relationship to the concept of autonomy and gender...
October 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874898/experiences-of-canadian-oncologists-with-difficult-patient-deaths-and-coping-strategies-used
#16
L Granek, L Barbera, O Nakash, M Cohen, M K Krzyzanowska
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore and identify what makes patient death more emotionally difficult for oncologists and how oncologists cope with patient death. METHODS: A convenience sample of 98 Canadian oncologists (50 men, 48 women) completed an online survey that included a demographics section and a section about patient death. RESULTS: More than 80% of oncologists reported that patient age, long-term management of a patient, and unexpected disease outcomes contributed to difficult patient loss...
August 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874123/impact-of-multi-professional-scenario-based-training-on-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-tanzania-a-quasi-experimental-pre-vs-post-intervention-study
#17
Signe Egenberg, Gileard Masenga, Lars Edvin Bru, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø, Cecilia Mushi, Deodatus Massay, Pål Øian
BACKGROUND: Tanzania has a relatively high maternal mortality ratio of 410 per 100,000 live births. Severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal deaths, but in most cases, it is preventable. However, most pregnant women that develop PPH, have no known risk factors. Therefore, preventive measures must be offered to all pregnant women. This study investigated the effects of multi-professional, scenario-based training on the prevention and management of PPH at a Tanzanian zonal consultant hospital...
September 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869631/the-upper-limb-motion-deviation-index-a-new-comprehensive-index-of-upper-limb-motion-pathology
#18
Jacek Jurkojć, Piotr Wodarski, Robert Michnik, Katarzyna Nowakowska, Andrzej Bieniek, Marek Gzik
PURPOSE: The aim of the research was to formulate a new index enabling assessment of the overall pathology of the upper limb movement. It defines the difference between the pathological movement and a normal movement pattern. METHODS: Methodology of determining the index is based on a mathematical algorithm for calculating the Gait Deviation Index which is based on advanced methods of image comparison. To calculate the ULMDI index, one must divide the analyzed movement into cycles appropriate to the nature of the movement (similarly in gait it is the gait cycle) and then determine kinematic quantities (courses of joint angles)...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868663/coping-and-help-seeking-behaviors-for-management-of-urinary-incontinence
#19
Dilek Bilgic, Nezihe Kizilkaya Beji, Ayfer Ozbas, Ikbal Cavdar, Ergul Aslan, Onay Yalcin
OBJECTIVES: To describe the coping strategies and help-seeking behaviors of women and men with urinary incontinence (UI). METHODS: In cross-sectional study, 156 women and 106 men Turkish with UI were interviewed using a questionnaire covering 29 questions. RESULTS: It was determined that 50.6% of women and 34.0% of men seek help in first for treatment of UI. Forty eight percent of men consulted a physician in the first 6 months after the UI occurred, 44...
September 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865913/developing-a-military-nurse-scientist-program-of-research-a-military-women-s-health-exemplar
#20
Lori Lyn Trego
Developing a feasible, fundable, and sustainable program of research (POR) is an essential career goal in research. Nurse scientists can lay the foundation for a salient POR as early as during their doctoral studies. The ensuing years of postdoctoral experiences are informative as they expand their research skills and knowledge around their research area of interest. Following graduation from a doctoral research program, novice military nurse scientists (MNS) are placed in positions that are conducive to fostering a POR...
August 12, 2017: Nursing Outlook
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