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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230685/first-letters-from-red-cross-nurses
#1
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Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225871/factors-related-to-non-adherence-to-mammography-in-a-city-of-the-brazilian-amazonian-area-a-population-based-study
#2
Camila Iasmim de Andrade Souza, Daniela Souza Araújo, Daniele Aparecida de Freitas Teles, Stéphanie Gomes Lins de Carvalho, Kyldery Wendell Moura Cavalcante, Wendell Lima Rabelo, Cibelli Navarro Rodrigues Alves, Allex Jardim da Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of mammography use and factors related to non-adherence in Boa Vista, capital of Roraima, Brazil. METHOD: A cross sectional study, quantitative analysis, based on household survey was performed between June and August 2013, using a face-to-face interview with a pre-tested form. Target population was women between 40 and 69 years. The sample size target was 240 participants, and the sampling method was random cluster sampling. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Federal University of Roraima...
January 1, 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223865/knowledge-attitudes-beliefs-and-barriers-associated-with-the-uptake-of-influenza-vaccine-among-pregnant-women
#3
Ahmed Y Mayet, Ghadeer K Al-Shaikh, Hazem M Al-Mandeel, Nada A Alsaleh, Amani F Hamad
Objective: The purpose of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and factors associated with the uptake of the influenza (flu) vaccination in women within Saudi Arabia during their pregnancy period. Methods: A cross-sectional prospective survey was conducted on 1085 pregnant women at the antenatal clinic over a period of 6 weeks with the provision of influenza vaccination. The questionnaire collected demographic and other data; it included 12 questions on their general knowledge and assessed their attitude toward influenza vaccination, and their awareness of vaccine risk and the potential benefits during pregnancy...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218568/-how-can-family-doctors-improve-the-participation-rate-in-mammographic-screening-the-role-of-prevention-nurses
#4
Csaba Móczár, Éva Ambrózay, Nyina Lehoczky
INTRODUCTION: In our country the participation rate in screenings, including mammographic screening is very low. Restructuring of primary care system through the development of practice teams is an important task. AIM: The authors examined the effectiveness of prevention nurses' work as a member of the practice team on the organization of mammographic screening. METHOD: Prevention nurses looked up women who did not participate in mammographic screening two years before proceeding the reference period according to a protocol...
February 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210529/awareness-of-gestational-diabetes-and-its-risk-factors-among-pregnant-women-in-samoa
#5
Lucy Anne Price, Lauren Jade Lock, Lucy Elizabeth Archer, Zubair Ahmed
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a subtype of diabetes mellitus defined as the development, or first recognition, of glucose intolerance during pregnancy. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is greater in mothers with GDM compared to the general population. Preventing the development of GDM could help lower the prevalence of T2DM and long-term morbidity in children of affected mothers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness of GDM and its risk factors among pregnant women in Samoa, exploring where participants obtained information, and understanding their attitudes towards diet and physical activity...
February 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209549/factors-affecting-consultation-length-in-a-japanese-diabetes-practice
#6
Yusuke Kabeya, Junko Uchida, Masao Toyoda, Takeshi Katsuki, Yoichi Oikawa, Kiyoe Kato, Toshihide Kawai, Akira Shimada, Yoshihito Atsumi, Megumu Higaki
AIMS: Sufficient consultation time is important for establishing good doctor-patient relationship. We examined the factors that affect consultation length in Japanese diabetes practice. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study performed at a diabetes clinic in central Tokyo, Japan. Regular diabetes consultations of 1197 patients with 22 physicians were analyzed. Consultation time and clinical characteristics were obtained from the electronic records. A negative binomial model, which included patient and physician characteristics, was constructed to examine the association of the variables with consultation length...
January 29, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193595/healthcare-professionals-attitudes-knowledge-and-self-efficacy-levels-regarding-the-use-of-self-hypnosis-in-childbirth-a-prospective-questionnaire-survey
#7
Sophie McAllister, Kirstie Coxon, T Murrells, J Sandall
OBJECTIVE: to examine healthcare professionals' attitudes, knowledge and levels of self-efficacy regarding the use of self-hypnosis in childbirth. DESIGN: a prospective survey. SETTING: two large maternity units in London, England. PARTICIPANTS: healthcare professionals (n=129) involved in the care of childbearing women (anaesthetists, midwives and obstetricians). METHODS: online questionnaire assessing healthcare professionals' experience, knowledge, attitudes and self-efficacy relating to self-hypnosis in childbirth...
February 2, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185596/why-do-men-go-to-the-doctor-socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-healthcare-utilisation-among-a-cohort-of-australian-men
#8
Marisa Schlichthorst, Lena A Sanci, Jane Pirkis, Matthew J Spittal, Jane S Hocking
BACKGROUND: Men use health services less often than women and frequently delay seeking help even if experiencing serious health problems. This may put men at higher risk for developing serious health problems which, in part, may explain men's higher rates of some serious illnesses and shorter life span relative to women. This paper identifies factors that contribute to health care utilisation in a cohort of Australian men by exploring associations between socio-economic, health and lifestyle factors and the use of general practitioner (GP) services...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178725/presenteeism-in-the-new-zealand-senior-medical-workforce-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#9
Charlotte Chambers, Chris Frampton, Murray Barclay
AIM: To estimate rates of presenteeism in the New Zealand senior medical workforce and identify reasons why this workforce feels pressured to work through illness. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was returned by 1,806/3,740 publically employed senior doctors and dentists (48%). Relationships between rates of presenteeism, sick leave and demographic factors were explored alongside views on cultural and professional norms. RESULTS: Presenteeism was reported by 88% of respondents...
January 27, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176919/management-of-obstetric-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-national-service-evaluation-of-current-practice-in-the-uk
#10
Bassel H Al Wattar, Jennifer A Tamblyn, William Parry-Smith, Mathew Prior, Helen Van Der Nelson
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) continues to be one of the major causes of maternal mortality and morbidity in obstetrics. Variations in practice often lead to adverse maternity outcomes following PPH. Our objective was to assess the current practice in managing PPH in the UK. METHODS: We performed a national multicenter prospective service evaluation study over one calendar month and compared the current performance to national standards for managing PPH...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168655/obesity-risk-awareness-in-women-with-endometrial-cancer
#11
Elizabeth V Connor, Christina A Raker, Melissa A Clark, Ashley R Stuckey
PURPOSE: To assess whether women with endometrial cancer could accurately classify their weight and identify the association between obesity and risk of endometrial, breast, and colon cancers. METHODS: This was an IRB-approved (Project No. 14-0075), survey-based cross-sectional study of women ages 18-80 years with a diagnosis of endometrial cancer. Patients were at least 6 months from hysterectomy and 3 months from chemotherapy or radiation. Statistical analysis was completed using Fisher's exact test, T test, ANOVA, Wilcoxon rank-sum test, or Kruskal-Wallis test...
February 6, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167567/environmental-and-psychosocial-barriers-to-and-benefits-of-cervical-cancer-screening-in-kenya
#12
Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Kathleen Ragan, Judith Lee Smith, Mona Saraiya, Millicent Aketch
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in females and is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality in Kenya; limited cervical cancer screening services may be a factor. Few studies have examined men's and women's perceptions on environmental and psychosocial barriers and benefits related to screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2014, 60 women aged 25-49 years and 40 male partners participated in 10 focus groups (6 female and 4 male), in both rural and urban settings (Nairobi and Nyanza, Kenya), to explore perceptions about barriers to and benefits of cervical cancer screening...
February 6, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165444/correlation-between-cervical-infection-and-preterm-labor
#13
Larisa Mešić Ðogić, Nenad Lučić, Dragana Mićić, Feđa Omeragić, Enes Hodžić, Seid Fazlagić, Refka Kovač, Nevenka Pavlović
Aim To investigate a correlation between cervical canal infection and imminent preterm labor and to identify most frequent pathogens. Methods A prospective study was conducted in obstetrics/gynecology departments of Health Center and the University Clinical Center Tuzla, and General Hospital Tešanj (Bosnia and Herzegovina, B&H) between October 2013 and May 2014. An examined group included 50 healthy pregnant women with singleton pregnancy of the gestation age between the 28th and 37th week, with cervical changes that are related to imminent preterm labor...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158210/implementation-and-assessment-of-a-prevention-with-positives-intervention-among-people-living-with-hiv-at-five-hospitals-in-thailand
#14
Benjamas Baipluthong, Thanomsak Anekthananon, Warangkana Munsakul, Supunnee Jirajariyavej, Suvanna Asavapiriyanont, Ubonsri Hancharoenkit, Anuvat Roongpisuthipong, Sarika Pattanasin, Michael Martin, Lisa Guntamala, Rangsima Lolekha
BACKGROUND: We implemented a hospital-based prevention with positives (PwP) intervention among people living with HIV (PLHIV) that included HIV transmission risk screening, short HIV prevention messages, family planning, HIV disclosure counseling, and partner HIV testing at five hospitals in Thailand. We assessed changes in sexual risk behaviors among PLHIV who received the PwP services at the hospitals. METHODS: From January 2008-March 2009, we systematically selected a subset of PLHIV receiving care at the five hospitals to offer participation in the PwP intervention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156681/differences-between-women-s-preferred-and-actual-experience-with-shared-decision-making-a-mixed-method-study
#15
J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Danny Willis, Peter Kaufman, Laura Urquhart, Marie Bakitas
: 34 Background: Women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) face numerous treatment and ACP decisions along their illness trajectory. We aimed to explore the treatment and ACP decision-making processes and decision support needs of women with MBC. METHODS: Convergent, parallel mixed methods study (9/08-7/09). Sample included women with MBC managed by 3 breast oncologists at the Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Lebanon, NH. Participants completed a semi-structured interview and standardized decision-making instruments (decision control preferences) at study enrollment (T1; n = 22) and when they faced a decision point or 3 months later (T2; n = 19), whichever came first...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153987/sex-differences-in-faculty-rank-among-academic-cardiologists-in-the-united-states
#16
Daniel M Blumenthal, Andrew R Olenski, Robert W Yeh, Doreen DeFaria Yeh, Amy Sarma, Ada C Stefanescu Schmidt, Malissa J Wood, Anupam B Jena
BACKGROUND: Studies demonstrate that women physicians are less likely than men to be full professors. Comprehensive evidence examining whether sex differences in faculty rank exist in academic cardiology, adjusting for experience and research productivity, is lacking. Therefore, we evaluated for sex differences in faculty rank among a comprehensive, contemporary cohort of US cardiologists after adjustment for several factors that impact academic advancement, including measures of clinical experience and research productivity...
February 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153558/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-outbreak-in-south-korea-2015-epidemiology-characteristics-and-public-health-implications
#17
K H Kim, T E Tandi, J W Choi, J M Moon, M S Kim
BACKGROUND: Since the first case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in South Korea was reported on 20(th) May 2015, there have been 186 confirmed cases, 38 deaths and 16,752 suspected cases. Previously published research on South Korea's MERS outbreak was limited to the early stages, when few data were available. Now that the outbreak has ended, albeit unofficially, a more comprehensive review is appropriate. METHODS: Data were obtained through the MERS portal by the Ministry for Health and Welfare (MOHW) and Korea Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, press releases by MOHW, and reports by the MERS Policy Committee of the Korean Medical Association...
February 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152863/breast-oncology-precision-medicine-genomic-testing-and-treatment-at-the-population-level
#18
Yun Li, Allison W Kurian, Steven J Katz
: 288 Background: The 21-gene assay used to estimate breast cancer recurrence and tailor chemotherapy (chemo) receipt has demonstrated predictive validity and clinical utility. Yet it is unclear how involved patients are in the decision to perform the test, or how oncologists use results to recommend systemic chemo. We examined the patient experience with assay testing, physician recommendations, and chemo receipt based on test results. METHODS: The iCanCare study surveyed a weighted random sample of newly diagnosed patients with early-stage breast cancer who were treated in 2013-14, identified through the population-based SEER registries of Los Angeles and Georgia about 3 months after surgical treatment, and merged with SEER data (N=2632, RR=70%)...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152844/health-information-seeking-preferences-of-mexican-cancer-survivors-creating-an-evidence-base-for-the-design-of-high-quality-communication-programs
#19
Edgar Baltazar-Avalos, Lorena Ali Guadalupe Rocha-Rojo, Patricia Rojo-Castillo, Yanin Chavarri Guerra
: 190 Background: In order to improve the quality of the communication between the healthcare system and cancer survivors, it is fundamental to understand their preferred sources of health information. In low and middle-income countries (LMICs), little is known regarding which sources are used and trusted the most. This information is crucial to develop effective communication aimed at achieving high-quality equitable cancer care. Our objective was to explore the preferred sources of health information in Mexico, and to understand which factors influence these choices...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152828/patient-preferences-for-provider-roles-in-collaborative-breast-cancer-survivorship-care
#20
Paul Abrahamse, Christopher Ryan Friese, Steven J Katz, Sarah T Hawley
: 184 Background: Prior studies have exploredbarriers to collaborative cancer care and suggest a need for greater clarity about clinician roles. However, little is known about patient's preferences and expectations for which clinicians handle various aspects of care after primary cancer treatment. METHODS: A weighted random sample of newly diagnosed breast cancer patients in the Georgia and Los Angeles SEER registries were surveyed approximately 6 months after diagnosis (expected final N = 2600, 70% current response rate)...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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