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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090649/-the-pharmacogenomics-research-network-translational-pharmacogenetics-program-outcomes-and-metrics-of-pharmacogenetic-implementations-across-diverse-healthcare-systems
#1
Jasmine A Luzum, Ruth E Pakyz, Amanda R Elsey, Cyrine E Haidar, Josh F Peterson, Michelle Whirl-Carrillo, Samuel K Handelman, Kathleen Palmer, Jill M Pulley, Marc Beller, Jonathan S Schildcrout, Julie R Field, Kristin W Weitzel, Rhonda M Cooper-DeHoff, Larisa H Cavallari, Peter H O'Donnell, Russ B Altman, Naveen Pereira, Mark J Ratain, Dan M Roden, Peter J Embi, Wolfgang Sadee, Teri E Klein, Julie A Johnson, Mary V Relling, Liewei Wang, Richard M Weinshilboum, Alan R Shuldiner, Robert R Freimuth
Numerous pharmacogenetic clinical guidelines and recommendations have been published, but barriers have hindered the clinical implementation of pharmacogenetics. The Translational Pharmacogenetics Program (TPP) of the NIH Pharmacogenomics Research Network was established in 2011 to catalog and contribute to the development of pharmacogenetic implementations at eight US healthcare systems, with the goal to disseminate real-world solutions for the barriers to clinical pharmacogenetic implementation. The TPP collected and normalized pharmacogenetic implementation metrics through June 2015, including gene-drug pairs implemented, interpretations of alleles and diplotypes, numbers of tests performed and actionable results, and workflow diagrams...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061794/process-evaluation-of-the-data-driven-quality-improvement-in-primary-care-dqip-trial-active-and-less-active-ingredients-of-a-multi-component-complex-intervention-to-reduce-high-risk-primary-care-prescribing
#2
Aileen Grant, Tobias Dreischulte, Bruce Guthrie
BACKGROUND: Two to 4% of emergency hospital admissions are caused by preventable adverse drug events. The estimated costs of such avoidable admissions in England were £530 million in 2015. The data-driven quality improvement in primary care (DQIP) intervention was designed to prompt review of patients vulnerable from currently prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and anti-platelets and was found to be effective at reducing this prescribing. A process evaluation was conducted parallel to the trial, and this paper reports the analysis which aimed to explore response to the intervention delivered to clusters in relation to participants' perceptions about which intervention elements were active in changing their practice...
January 7, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049072/educating-the-nurses-of-2025-technology-trends-of-the-next-decade
#3
Tracie Risling
The pace of technological evolution in healthcare is advancing. In this article key technology trends are identified that are likely to influence nursing practice and education over the next decade. The complexity of curricular revision can create challenges in the face of rapid practice change. Nurse educators are encouraged to consider the role of electronic health records (EHRs), wearable technologies, big data and data analytics, and increased patient engagement as key areas for curriculum development. Student nurses, and those already in practice, should be offered ongoing educational opportunities to enhance a wide spectrum of professional informatics skills...
December 21, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038933/applied-epidemiology-and-public-health-are-we-training-the-future-generations-appropriately
#4
Ross C Brownson, Jonathan M Samet, Diana M Bensyl
To extend the reach and relevance of epidemiology for public health practice, the science needs be broadened beyond etiologic research, to link more strongly with emerging technologies and to acknowledge key societal transformations. This new focus for epidemiology and its implications for epidemiologic training can be considered in the context of macro trends affecting society, including a greater focus on upstream causes of disease, shifting demographics, the Affordable Care Act and health care system reform, globalization, changing health communication environment, growing centrality of team and transdisciplinary science, emergence of translational sciences, greater focus on accountability, big data, informatics, high-throughput technologies ("omics"), privacy changes, and the evolving funding environment...
December 9, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027164/meeting-the-needs-for-radiation-protection-diagnostic-imaging
#5
Donald P Frush
Radiation and potential risk during medical imaging is one of the foremost issues for the imaging community. Because of this, there are growing demands for accountability, including appropriate use of ionizing radiation in diagnostic and image-guided procedures. Factors contributing to this include increasing use of medical imaging; increased scrutiny (from awareness to alarm) by patients/caregivers and the public over radiation risk; and mounting calls for accountability from regulatory, accrediting, healthcare coverage (e...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018897/patient-centered-tablet-application-for-improving-medication-adherence-after-a-drug-eluting-stent
#6
Vicki Shah, Anandu Dileep, Carolyn Dickens, Vicki Groo, Betty Welland, Jerry Field, Matthew Baumann, Jose D Flores, Adhir Shroff, Zhongsheng Zhao, Yingwei Yao, Diana J Wilkie, Andrew D Boyd
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study's objective was to evaluate a patient-centered educational electronic tablet application, "My Interventional Drug-Eluting Stent Educational App" (MyIDEA) to see if there was an increase in patient knowledge about dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) and medication possession ratio (MPR) compared to treatment as usual. METHODS: In a pilot project, 24 elderly (≥50 years old) research participants were recruited after a drug-eluting stent...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011593/an-informatics-based-approach-to-reducing-heart-failure-all-cause-readmissions-the-stanford-heart-failure-dashboard
#7
Dipanjan Banerjee, Christine Thompson, Charlene Kell, Rajesh Shetty, Yohan Vetteth, Helene Grossman, Aria DiBiase, Michael Fowler
BACKGROUND: Reduction of 30-day all-cause readmissions for heart failure (HF) has become an important quality-of-care metric for health care systems. Many hospitals have implemented quality improvement programs designed to reduce 30-day all-cause readmissions for HF. Electronic medical record (EMR)-based measures have been employed to aid in these efforts, but their use has been largely adjunctive to, rather than integrated with, the overall effort. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that a comprehensive EMR-based approach utilizing an HF dashboard in addition to an established HF readmission reduction program would further reduce 30-day all-cause index hospital readmission rates for HF...
December 23, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001229/sociodemographic-and-epidemiological-profile-of-leprosy-patients-in-an-endemic-region-in-brazil
#8
Ronald Jefferson Martins, Maria Emília Oliveira Gomes Carloni, Suzely Adas Saliba Moimaz, Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin, Artênio José Ísper Garbin
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of Hansen's disease is high in overlooked populations. METHODS: Data of Hansen's disease cases reported in the information system of the Department of Informatics, Brazilian Unified Health System, from 2013 to 2014 were analyzed. RESULTS: Among 434 studied cases of Hansen's disease, the female sex (52.5%), adult age (73.7%), low educational level (61.8%), and multibacillary form were associated with higher prevalence rates...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893907/patterns-and-perceptions-of-asynchronous-video-discussion-in-a-graduate-health-sciences-course
#9
Mollie Cummins, Naresh Sundar Rajan, Chad Hodge, Ramkiran Gouripeddi
BACKGROUND: Studies of graduate online education indicate a need for increased interaction among students and faculty. However, it can be challenging to foster a high level of scholarly interaction and engagement in fully online courses. The objective of this study was to evaluate student perceptions and participation patterns related to online, asynchronous video discussion in a graduate health sciences course. METHOD: An asynchronous video discussion was piloted in a 2014 interprofessional informatics course and students were subsequently surveyed to determine their perceptions of this approach...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893502/implementing-a-4c-approach-to-quality-improvement
#10
Michelle McGonigal
Designing a quality improvement activity can be labor intensive and intimidating to facilitators who have not been specially trained in process improvement methodologies. To simplify the process, a team was formed with the specific task of developing a basic model that addresses key concepts in change theory. The 2010 Institute of Medicine report stresses the importance of health care professionals working together, collaboratively, to use data to improve patient outcomes and improve care nationally. In addition, as noted in Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (2013), competencies have been developed to promote frontline problem solving including using data for quality improvement, providing safe care, functioning in collaborative teams, respecting and addressing patient and family concerns, applying evidence-based practice, and using informatics to make decisions...
January 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854426/information-and-communication-technology-design-delivery-and-outcomes-from-a-nursing-informatics-boot-camp
#11
Manal Kleib, Nicole Simpson, Beverly Rhodes
Information and communication technology (ICT) is integral in today’s healthcare as a critical piece of support to both track and improve patient and organizational outcomes. Facilitating nurses’ informatics competency development through continuing education is paramount to enhance their readiness to practice safely and accurately in technologically enabled work environments. In this article, we briefly describe progress in nursing informatics (NI) and share a project exemplar that describes our experience in the design, implementation, and evaluation of a NI educational event, a one-day boot camp format that was used to provide foundational knowledge in NI targeted primarily at frontline nurses in Alberta, Canada...
May 31, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854266/using-technology-bioinformatics-and-health-informatics-approaches-to-improve-learning-experiences-in-optometry-education-research-and-practice
#12
REVIEW
Vivek K Gupta, Veer B Gupta
Rapid advances in ocular diagnostic approaches and emerging links of pathological changes in the eye with systemic disorders have widened the scope of optometry as the front line of eye health care. Expanding professional requirements stipulate that optometry students get a meticulous training in relevant information and communication technologies (ICT) and various bioinformatics and health informatics software to meet current and future challenges. Greater incorporation of ICT approaches in optometry education can facilitate increased student engagement in shared learning experiences and improve collaborative learning...
November 15, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830261/nursing-informatics-certification-worldwide-history-pathway-roles-and-motivation
#13
Mollie R Cummins, Adi V Gundlapalli, Aditya V Gundlapalli, Peter Murray, Hyeoun-Ae Park, Christoph U Lehmann
INTRODUCTION: Official recognition and certification for informatics professionals are essential aspects of workforce development. OBJECTIVE: To describe the history, pathways, and nuances of certification in nursing informatics across the globe; compare and contrast those with board certification in clinical informatics for physicians. METHODS: (1) A review of the representative literature on informatics certification and related competencies for nurses and physicians, and relevant websites for nursing informatics associations and societies worldwide; (2) similarities and differences between certification processes for nurses and physicians, and (3) perspectives on roles for nursing informatics professionals in healthcare Results: The literature search for 'nursing informatics certification' yielded few results in PubMed; Google Scholar yielded a large number of citations that extended to magazines and other non-peer reviewed sources...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830250/all-that-glitters-is-not-gold-consumer-health-informatics-and-education-in-the-era-of-social-media-and-health-apps-findings-from-the-yearbook-2016-section-on-consumer-health-informatics
#14
L Fernandez-Luque, P Staccini
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the state of the art published during the year 2015 in the areas related to consumer health informatics and education with a special emphasis on unintended consequences of applying mobile and social media technologies in that domain. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of articles published in PubMed with a predefined set of queries, which lead to the selection of over 700 potential relevant articles. Section editors screened those papers on the title, abstract, and finally complete paper basis, taking into account the papers' relevance for the section topic...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766506/correlates-of-dominicans-identification-of-cancer-as-a-worrisome-health-problem
#15
Alsacia L Sepulveda-Pacsi, Suzanne Bakken
There is a paucity of studies centering on the correlates of cancer worry among Hispanics from the Dominican Republic and the potential informatics strategies to address such worries. Data were analyzed using descriptive and correlational statistics, and logistic regression with the dependent variable of cancer worry. Independent variables for the regression were: age, gender, marital status, education, socioeconomic status, previous diagnosis of cancer, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbance, and chronic burden...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754135/os-26-04-targeting-care-gaps-in-patients-with-hypertension-a-quality-improvement-project-utilizing-emr-hypertension-dashboards-and-a-chronic-disease-coordinator
#16
Daniel Ngui, Michael J H Qiu, Michael Mann
OBJECTIVE: In order to address the systematic and practice management issues associated with managing hypertension, we undertook a quality improvement project at a multi-physician clinic in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. We piloted an evidence-based electronic medical record (EMR) hypertension management dashboard based on the 2014 Canadian Hypertension Education Program (CHEP) guideline recommendations. Since June 1, 2015, our chronic disease coordinator utilized our EMR HTN Dashboard to generate patient recalls, create physician reminders and to enhance internal clinic referrals to provide 1:1 patient hypertension self-management education by physicians and our clinical pharmacist team...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731863/health-sciences-students-self-assessment-of-information-and-communication-technology-skills-and-attitude-toward-e-learning
#17
Ali Jassem Buabbas, Hamza Mohammad Hassan Al-Shawaf, Abdullah Abdulaziz Almajran
BACKGROUND: In medical education, information and communication technology (ICT) knowledge and skills have become a necessity and an integral part of preparing tomorrow's doctors to be sufficiently competent to use informatics resources effectively and efficiently for the best practice of medicine. OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to study the literacy of the preprofessional students in ICT before and after taking the basic informatics course at the Health Sciences Center at Kuwait University, to understand their potential and their attitudes toward using ICT, including e-learning...
June 20, 2016: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696690/new-york-university-school-of-medicine-drug-development-educational-program-2-year-benchmark
#18
J Plaksin, R M Cymerman, R Caso Caso, C Galeano, R Ramasamy, G Gold-von Simson
Drug development (DD) is a multidisciplinary process that spans the translational continuum, yet remains an understudied entity in medical schools and biomedical science institutes. In response to a growing interest and unmet need, we implemented a DD course series that details identification of viable molecular targets, clinical trial design, intellectual property, and marketing. Enrollment is open to faculty, postdoctoral trainees, and MD, PhD, and MS students. After 2 years, 37 students and 23 students completed the fall and spring courses, respectively...
October 1, 2016: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684615/strengthening-local-health-department-informatics-capacity-through-advocacy-education-and-workforce-development
#19
LaMar Hasbrouck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679794/one-health-core-competency-domains
#20
Rebekah Frankson, William Hueston, Kira Christian, Debra Olson, Mary Lee, Linda Valeri, Raymond Hyatt, Joseph Annelli, Carol Rubin
The emergence of complex global challenges at the convergence of human, animal, and environmental health has catalyzed a movement supporting "One Health" approaches. Despite recognition of the importance of One Health approaches to address these complex challenges, little effort has been directed at identifying the seminal knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for individuals to successfully contribute to One Health efforts. Between 2008 and 2011, three groups independently embarked on separate initiatives to identify core competencies for professionals involved with One Health approaches...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
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