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Xing Zhou Qu, Ming Yi Wang, Hui Shan Ong, Chen Ping Zhang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the stability of prostheses supported by zygoma implants and remaining teeth for subjects who had undergone hemi-maxillectomy. METHODS: Ten patients were included in the study. Oral rehabilitation was performed using a temporary prosthesis that was supported by remaining teeth for the first three months. Then, a zygoma implant was placed to provide support for a final prosthesis in addition to the remaining teeth. Each prosthesis was tailor-made according to biomechanical three-dimensional finite element analysis results...
October 1, 2016: Clinics
Lorenzo Trevisiol, Pasquale Procacci, Antonio D'Agostino, Francesca Ferrari, Daniele De Santis, Pier Francesco Nocini
PURPOSE: Several authors have described zygoma implants as a reliable surgical option to rehabilitate severe maxillary defects in case of extreme atrophy or oncological resections. The aim of this study is to report a new technical approach to the rehabilitation of a complex oronasal defect by means of a zygoma-implant-supported full-arch dental prosthesis combined with a nasal epithesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patient presented with a subtotal bilateral maxillectomy and total rhinectomy defect because of a squamous cell carcinoma of the nose...
December 2016: Int J Implant Dent
Daemyung Oh, Taebin Yun, Junhyung Kim, Jaehoon Choi, Woonhyeok Jeong, Hojun Chu, Soyoung Lee
BACKGROUND: Facial hypoesthesia is one of the most troublesome complaints in the management of facial bone fractures. However, there is a lack of literature on facial sensory recovery after facial trauma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the facial sensory recovery period for facial bone fractures using Neurometer. METHODS: Sixty-three patients who underwent open reduction of zygomatic and blowout fractures between December 2013 and July 2015 were included in the study...
September 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
Yunfeng Li, Zhiai Hu, Bin Ye, Yao Liu, Xiaochun Ren, Songsong Zhu
PURPOSE: Orthognathic surgery is an efficient procedure for cosmetic and functional aims. However, when functional improvement is achieved by mandibular or maxillary operations, additional esthetic corrections may be imperative for some patients. This study aims to introduce our primary practice of simultaneous facial bone contouring and orthognathic surgery for esthetic reasons. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with dentofacial deformities as well as a prominent angle, asymmetric deformities, or a high zygoma and zygomatic arch were recruited from West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University (Chengdu, China), between January 1, 2014, and July 31, 2015...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Hua Lei, Gui-E Ma, Zhenjun Liu
BACKGROUND: A facial depression deformity secondary to lupus erythematosus panniculitis results from fat necrosis, which seriously alters the patients' appearance and thus affects their psychological health. Few studies have discussed the repair of depression deformities. The authors repaired depression deformities due to atrophic lesions by using autologous fat grafting to obtain volumetric restoration of the facial skin, and the authors report our outcomes. METHODS: In this series, 30 depression deformities in 18 patients were repaired...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Youn-Jung Kim, Shin Ahn, Dong-Woo Seo, Chang Hwan Sohn, Hyung-Joo Lee, In-June Park, Dong-Jin Yang, Seung Mok Ryoo, Won Young Kim, Kyung Soo Lim
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine orbital wall fracture (OWF) patterns and associated facial injuries in elderly patients and compare them with those in their younger adult counterparts. DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study. SETTING: An emergency department of a university-affiliated hospital located in an urban area. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1378 adult patients with OWF diagnosed by CT from 1 January 2004 through 31 March 2014 were enrolled...
September 19, 2016: BMJ Open
Daniel D Lee, Tyler Kenning, Carlos D Pinheiro-Neto
The osteotemporoparietal fascia flap (OTPFF) has been used for bony defects, especially on the maxilla and orbital floor. However, there are limited reports about the reconstruction of the zygoma. We report the use of composite OTPFF for reconstruction of zygomaticomaxillary complex. The patient had undergone zygomaticomaxillary complex reconstruction with composite OTPFF because of the resection of recurrent postradiation tumor. Extratemporoparietal fascia was harvested and rotated to cover the medullary surface of the bone flap...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Sung Hoon Koh, Hong Jin Kim, Sung Won Jung, Hyoseob Lim
Fractures of the zygoma are relatively frequent and their management has been extensively described. Above all, isolated zygomatic arch fractures comprise about 10% of all zygomatic fractures. Temporal approach is common surgical method, Gillies approach, but it has the limitation of blinded surgical approach. So, the mobile intraoperative fluoroscan is used famously for more suitable reduction, but it needs an additional man to control the machine and increases irradiation doses. The authors got the simple idea, but so helpful tool, and it has been performed since 2012...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Wooyeol Baek, Taeyong Woo, Young Seok Kim, In Sik Yun, Jimyung Kim, Se Woon Choi, Tai Suk Roh, Dae Hyun Lew
BACKGROUND: Reduction malarplasty to correct prominent malar complex is popular in Asians. Despite the popularity of reduction malarplasty, most of the surgical methods applied are not selected according to the degree of zygoma protrusion. In this study, we analyzed the effectiveness of two different surgical procedures to clarify their appropriateness for each zygoma type. METHODS: One of the procedures used was the "bidirectional wedge ostectomy," in which a bidirectional wedge-shaped bone fragment was removed from the zygomatic body via oral incision and oblique complete osteotomy of the zygomatic arch via sideburn incision...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Wuyang Shui, Mingquan Zhou, Qingqiong Deng, Zhongke Wu, Yuan Ji, Kang Li, Taiping He, Haiyan Jiang
Craniofacial reconstruction (CFR) is used to recreate a likeness of original facial appearance for an unidentified skull; this technique has been applied in both forensics and archeology. Many CFR techniques rely on the average facial soft tissue thickness (FSTT) of anatomical landmarks, related to ethnicity, age, sex, body mass index (BMI), etc. Previous studies typically employed FSTT at sparsely distributed anatomical landmarks, where different landmark definitions may affect the contrasting results. In the present study, a total of 90,198 one-to-one correspondence skull vertices are established on 171 head CT-scans and the FSTT of each corresponding vertex is calculated (hereafter referred to as densely calculated FSTT) for statistical analysis and CFR...
September 2016: Forensic Science International
Vaibhav Jain, Himani Garg
Zygomatico-maxillary complex fractures present a challenging diagnostic and reconstructive task to the surgeon. Gillie's temporal approach has been a commonly used technique for zygomatic arch reduction but surgeons have been commonly using a buccal sulcus approach for the reduction of zygomatic arch fractures as well as for combined zygomatico-maxillary complex fractures. This paper outlines the use of Rowe's elevator (modification of Bristow's elevator) intra-orally to reduce zygomatic arch fractures and if required, simultaneously plate the zygoma through the same approach...
August 16, 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
A Depeyre, A Brygo, X Leroy, R Gryselein, J Ferri
INTRODUCTION: Osteoid osteoma is a benign osseous tumor affecting mainly young men. Although it develops essentially in long bones, some cases occurring in face, mainly in mandible, were related. To our knowledge, only one single case was described in zygomatic bone. OBSERVATION: A 71-year-old man consulted for a right periorbital pain evolving since months with night recrudescence. The pain was not relieved by standard analgesics. Clinical examination was strictly normal...
August 9, 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Fawaz Alzoubi, Edmond Bedrossian, Allen Wong
Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CH-S) is a rare genetic immunodeficiency disorder. Fewer than 500 individuals with CH-S have been reported worldwide in the past 20 years. The dental management of patients in whom CH-S has been diagnosed has been rarely reported and only in the form of a case report. All reports addressed the severe periodontal disease found in those patients, and most studies concluded that periodontal treatment had an unfavorable prognosis. As a result, complete edentulism at an early age because of severe periodontal disease is expected...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Srimathi Panchanathan, Maya Saranathan, Arun Kumar Kamalakaran, Karthikeyan Duraisamy
AIMS: The purpose of this study is to functionally evaluate the behavior of the masticatory muscles (masseter and temporalis) following zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures by assessing bite force, electromyography (EMG), and mandibular movements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Group I consisted of 20 patients with unilateral ZMC fractures who were treated surgically with one-, two-, or three-point fixations at the frontozygomatic, infraorbital, or zygomaticomaxillary buttress region as per clinical and radiological assessments...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ying Zhu, Miao Fan, Sagar Pandey, Wei Liang, Dandan Chang
INTRODUCTION: Epithelioid hemangioedothelioma (EHE) is a rare vascular tumor characterized by neoplastic proliferation of epithelioid or histiocytoid epithelial cells. EHE of bone constitutes <1% of primary malignant bone tumor. EHE in the skull is an extremely rare case. Here, we report a case of multiple neoplasm of the skull in a 15-month-old boy who presented with gradual facial swelling for 2 months. On computed tomography (CT) scan, multiple irregular osteolytic lesions were seen on the right maxillary, sphenoid, left zygoma, and roof of the left orbit...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
P Bujtár, P Steele, I Holland, M Halsnad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Tien-Hsiang Wang, Hsu Ma, Ching-Shiow Tseng, Yi-Hong Chou, Kun-Lin Cai
Surgical navigation systems have been an important tool in maxillofacial surgery, helping surgeons create a presurgical plan, locate lesions, and provide guidance. For secondary facial bone reductions, a good presurgical plan and proper execution are the key to success. Previous studies used predetermined markers and screw holes as navigation references; however, unexpected situations may occur, making the predetermined surgical plan unreliable. Instead of determining positions preoperatively, this study proposes a method that surgeons can use intraoperatively to choose surface markers in a more flexible manner...
2016: Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering
Joseph M Baylan, Daniel Jupiter, Wendy L Parker, Marcin Czerwinski
INTRODUCTION: Repair of zygomatic fractures can be classified into the early closed reduction or the more recent open reduction and rigid internal fixation (ORIF) methods. Surgical training and literature advocate ORIF, but the actual frequency of the different techniques in clinical practice is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the current trends in the management of zygomatic fractures among US surgeons and elucidate their influences. METHODS: A 10-question survey was developed and distributed to over 16,000 practicing US facial trauma surgeons, including plastic surgeons (PS), oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMFS), and otorhinolaryngologists (ENT)...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Jorge Orlando Guerrissi
From 2000 to 2010, 720 patients with facial trauma were admitted in Plastic Surgery Service of Argerich Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina; 58 of them with panfacial fractures were included in this study. Height velocity impact is the principal etiology, and most concomitant extrafacial injuries are neurocranium and cervical spine. Common affected areas were orbits, nose, and malar-zygoma. The timing of the treatment was airway evaluation, control of bleeding and consciousness, treatment of associated injuries, and finally facial reconstruction...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Sanghoon Park, Do Hoon Kim, Takho Kim, Tae Sung Lee
Reduction of mid-face width is a major concern in Asian facial contouring surgery, and some patients want their mild or borderline problems to be improved in a minimally invasive manner. The authors' mini-zygoma reduction surgery technique is indicated for patients who seek both minimal invasiveness and reliability. Patients presenting with a wide mid-face and isolated zygomatic arch protrusion without severe zygomatic body prominence were included into the study. All surgeries are performed under local anesthesia and on an outpatient basis...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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