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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724246/health-consequences-of-electric-lighting-practices-in-the-modern-world-a-report-on-the-national-toxicology-program-s-workshop-on-shift-work-at-night-artificial-light-at-night-and-circadian-disruption
#1
REVIEW
Ruth M Lunn, David E Blask, Andrew N Coogan, Mariana G Figueiro, Michael R Gorman, Janet E Hall, Johnni Hansen, Randy J Nelson, Satchidananda Panda, Michael H Smolensky, Richard G Stevens, Fred W Turek, Roel Vermeulen, Tania Carreón, Claire C Caruso, Christina C Lawson, Kristina A Thayer, Michael J Twery, Andrew D Ewens, Sanford C Garner, Pamela J Schwingl, Windy A Boyd
The invention of electric light has facilitated a society in which people work, sleep, eat, and play at all hours of the 24-hour day. Although electric light clearly has benefited humankind, exposures to electric light, especially light at night (LAN), may disrupt sleep and biological processes controlled by endogenous circadian clocks, potentially resulting in adverse health outcomes. Many of the studies evaluating adverse health effects have been conducted among night- and rotating-shift workers, because this scenario gives rise to significant exposure to LAN...
July 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724200/effect-of-memantine-on-serum-levels-of-neuron-specific-enolase-and-on-the-glasgow-coma-scale-in-patients-with-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Majid Mokhtari, Hossein Nayeb-Aghaei, Mehran Kouchek, Mir Mohammad Miri, Reza Goharani, Arash Amoozandeh, Sina Akhavan Salamat, Mohammad Sistanizad
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of disability and death globally. Despite significant progress in neuromonitoring and neuroprotection, pharmacological interventions have failed to generate favorable results. We examined the effect of memantine on serum levels of neuron-specific enolase (NSE), a marker of neuronal damage, and the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) in patients with moderate TBI. Patients were randomly assigned to the control group (who received standard TBI management) and the treatment group (who, alongside their standard management, received enteral memantine 30 mg twice daily for 7 days)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724193/saline-irrigation-for-the-management-of-skin-extravasation-injury-in-neonates
#3
REVIEW
P N Gopalakrishnan, Nitin Goel, Sujoy Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Extravasation injury, a complication commonly seen in the neonatal intensive care unit, can result in scarring with cosmetic and functional sequelae. A wide variety of treatments are available, including subcutaneous irrigation with saline (with or without hyaluronidase), liposuction, use of specific antidotes, topical applications, and normal wound care with dry or wet dressings. All such treatments aim to prevent or reduce the severity of complications. OBJECTIVES: Primary objective To compare the efficacy and safety of saline irrigation or saline irrigation with prior hyaluronidase infiltration versus no intervention or normal wound care for tissue healing in neonates with extravasation injury...
July 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724148/integrative-medicine-in-residency-feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-an-online-program
#4
Patricia Lebensohn, Benjamin Kligler, Audrey J Brooks, Raymond Teets, Michele Birch, Paula Cook, Victoria Maizes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Online curricular interventions in residency have been proposed to address challenges of time, cost, and curriculum consistency. This study is designed to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a longitudinal, multisite online curriculum in integrative medicine (IMR) for residents. METHODS: Residents from eight family medicine programs undertook the 200-hour online IMR curriculum. Their medical knowledge (MK) scores at completion were compared to a control group from four similar residency programs...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724128/topical-corticosteroid-phobia-in-atopic-dermatitis-a-systematic-review
#5
Alvin W Li, Emily S Yin, Richard J Antaya
Importance: Topical corticosteroid (TCS) phobia refers to the negative feelings and beliefs related to TCSs experienced by patients and patients' caregivers. This phenomenon may be a major contributing factor in treatment failure in patients with atopic dermatitis, yet it has been sparsely described in the literature. Objective: To systematically assess the nomenclature, prevalence, origins, and effect on treatment adherence of TCS phobia in atopic dermatitis. Evidence Review: A literature search was conducted using specific eligibility criteria across electronic databases, including Ovid (MEDLINE, EMBASE), PubMed, and Web of Science, for articles published from January 1, 1946, to October 31, 2016...
July 19, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724054/effects-of-a-structured-education-program-on-glycemic-control-in-type-1-diabetes
#6
Ana Paula F Pacheco, Simone van de Sande-Lee, Rita de Cássia B Sandoval, Sônia Batista, Jefferson L B Marques
Objective: Diabetes mellitus is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and education is known to play a key role in managing this disease. This study addresses the effects of a structured education program (SEP) on self-care in subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The aim was to evaluate the effect of a SEP on glycemic control, knowledge, and skills associated with diabetes care in subjects with T1DM. Subjects and methods: A total of 47 adults with T1DM were followed up for 20 months (32 participated in the SEP and 15 served as a control group)...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723879/suppression-of-sympathetic-nerve-sprouting-by-local-administration-of-an-%C3%AE-antagonist-around-the-dorsal-root-ganglion-in-a-lumbar-radiculopathy-model
#7
Izaya Ogon, Tsuneo Takebayashi, Tsuyoshi Miyakawa, Takehito Iwase, Katsumasa Tanimoto, Yoshinori Terashima, Syunsuke Jimbo, Takeshi Kobayashi, Noritsugu Tohse, Toshihiko Yamashita
STUDY DESIGN: Animal experimental study with intervention OBJECTIVE.: The purpose of this study was to elucidate whether local administration of an α-antagonist around the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) suppressed sympathetic nerve sprouting, from the acute to the chronic pain development phase, in a lumbar radiculopathy model using immunohistochemical methods. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The abnormal sympathetic-somatosensory interaction may underlie some forms of neuropathic pain...
July 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723852/effects-of-a-skin-barrier-cream-on-management-of-incontinence-associated-dermatitis-in-older-women-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Yuka Kon, Yoshie Ichikawa-Shigeta, Terumi Iuchi, Yukari Nakajima, Gojiro Nakagami, Keiko Tabata, Hiromi Sanada, Junko Sugama
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a skin barrier cream with moisturization and skin-protectant characteristics for improving the severity of incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) pertaining to the skin physiology and appearance. We measured the following outcomes: (1) skin physiological characteristics indicating skin protection and enhancement of the skin's moisture barrier (stratum corneum hydration, dermis hydration level, transepidermal water loss, and skin pH); and (2) changes in skin appearance (the degree of erythema and pigmentation, and the sulcus cutis condition)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723831/effect-of-intrathecal-bupivacaine-dose-on-the-success-of-external-cephalic-version-for-breech-presentation-a-prospective-randomized-blinded-clinical-trial
#9
Laurie A Chalifoux, Jeanette R Bauchat, Nicole Higgins, Paloma Toledo, Feyce M Peralta, Jason Farrer, Susan E Gerber, Robert J McCarthy, John T Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Breech presentation is a leading cause of cesarean delivery. The use of neuraxial anesthesia increases the success rate of external cephalic version procedures for breech presentation and reduces cesarean delivery rates for fetal malpresentation. Meta-analysis suggests that higher-dose neuraxial techniques increase external cephalic version success to a greater extent than lower-dose techniques, but no randomized study has evaluated the dose-response effect. We hypothesized that increasing the intrathecal bupivacaine dose would be associated with increased external cephalic version success...
July 19, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723817/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-resistance-training-on-body-image
#10
Nicholas J SantaBarbara, James W Whitworth, Joseph T Ciccolo
The purpose of this systematic review was to identify and appraise the literature that has specifically tested the independent effects of resistance training (i.e., weight lifting) on body image in adults. A comprehensive search through December 2016 of electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, PsycNET, and Web of Science for relevant studies published in peer-reviewed journals was conducted, and PRISMA guidelines were followed. Inclusion criteria were that a study had to be: a) written in English; b) published in a peer-reviewed journal; c) conducted an assessment of body image using a validated scale before and after a stand-alone resistance training intervention (i...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723752/full-covered-self-expandable-metal-stents-for-the-treatment-of-anastomotic-leak-using-a-silk-thread
#11
Cheol Woong Choi, Dae Hwan Kang, Hyung Wook Kim, Su Bum Park, Su Jin Kim, Sun Hwi Hwang, Si Hak Lee
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of fixation of the fully covered self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) placement using a silk thread for complete closure of an anastomotic leak. An anastomotic leak is a life-threatening complication after gastrectomy. Although the traditional treatment of choice was surgical re-intervention, an endoscopic SEMS can be used alternatively.During the study period, we retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients who received a modified covered SEMS capable of being fixed using a silk thread (Shim technique) due to an anastomotic leak after gastrectomy to prevent stent migration...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723739/efficacy-and-safety-of-bivalirudin-versus-heparin-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Juan Zhang, Xinchun Yang
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of bivalirudin (Biva) versus heparin in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remain controversial. Our meta-analysis was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Biva compared with those of heparin in patients with diabetes undergoing PCI. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Clinical Trials.gov databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723709/delivering-prep-to-pregnant-and-breastfeeding-women-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-implementation-science-frontier
#13
Dvora L Joseph Davey, Linda-Gail Bekker, Pamina Gorbach, Thomas Coates, Landon Myer
: HIV acquisition during pregnancy and postpartum periods remains high despite increased access to and initiation of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa. Moreover, maternal seroconversion during pregnancy and breastfeeding remains a source of significant paediatric HIV infection in the region. In order to curb vertical HIV transmission, HIV acquisition during pregnancy and lactation must significantly decline. Biological and behavioural factors contribute to high HIV incidence, including hormonal changes that alter genital mucosal surfaces, and frequent condomless sex with HIV-infected partners or partners of unknown serostatus...
July 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723689/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-green-tea-beverages-on-the-in-vivo-radical-scavenging-activity-in-human-skin
#14
Inna Megow, Maxim E Darvin, Martina C Meinke, Jürgen Lademann
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of various skin diseases. Thus, the antioxidant network of the skin relies on the uptake of exogenous antioxidants to ensure cell protection against radical formation. Green tea is one of the main sources of polyphenolic antioxidant compounds, but only few data are available on its cutaneous antioxidant effects. METHODS: The radical scavenging properties of Benifuuki and Yabukita green tea were investigated in the human skin...
July 20, 2017: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723596/effectiveness-of-group-training-of-assertiveness-on-social-anxiety-among-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-adolescents
#15
Hamed Ahmadi, Parviz Sharifi Daramadi, Majid Asadi-Samani, Hamed Givtaj, Mohammad Reza Mahmoudian Sani
The present study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of assertiveness group training on social anxiety (SAD) between deaf and hearing impaired adolescents. Forty eight (24 deaf and 24 hearing impaired) people participated in this study. First, participants with SAD, i.e. attaining the scores above 40 for Connor's Social Inventory Scale 2000 (SPIN), were selected according to convenience sampling and randomly assigned to two groups, i.e. intervention and control. Then, assertiveness group training was conducted for intervention group within 10 sessions, and immediately after completion of the training sessions, SPIN was re-administered to the two groups...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723588/shared-decision-making-with-parents-of-acutely-ill-children-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Paul L Aronson, Eugene D Shapiro, Linda M Niccolai, Liana Fraenkel
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making (SDM) has mostly been used with adults and parents in the primary care setting, and there is limited knowledge on the use of SDM with parents of acutely ill children. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on SDM with parents in the management of acutely ill children. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov for English language studies published from the time of database inception to February, 2017...
July 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723586/a-code-icu-expedited-review-of-critically-ill-patients-is-associated-with-reduced-emergency-department-length-of-stay-and-duration-of-mechanical-ventilation
#17
Matthew L Durie, Jai N Darvall, Daniel A Hadley, Mark A Tacey
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of a system of expedited review of critically ill patients in the Emergency Department (ED) on ED length of stay (LOS) and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study at a tertiary hospital comparing two 12-month periods before and after implementation of a 'Code ICU' system of expedited review of critically ill patients in the ED. All adult ED to ICU admissions were included. Separate analyses were performed for patients intubated prior to ICU admission...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723375/the-effects-of-exercise-on-fatigue-quality-of-life-and-psychological-function-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#18
REVIEW
Vishal Vashistha, Balwinder Singh, Sukhdeep Kaur, Larry J Prokop, Dharam Kaushik
CONTEXT: Conflicting data exists on the role of exercise interventions in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) regarding quality of life (QOL) endpoints. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions on fatigue, QOL, depression, and anxiety in PCa patients. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched seven major databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science, and Scopus) for randomized control trials (RCTs) of supervised exercise interventions for men with PCa from database inception to October 2015...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723304/the-quest-for-durable-lesions-in-catheter-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-technological-advances-in-radiofrequency-catheters-and-balloon-devices
#19
Tilman Maurer, Karl-Heinz Kuck
Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and represents a growing clinical, social and economic challenge. Catheter ablation for symptomatic atrial fibrillation has evolved from an experimental procedure into a widespread therapy and offers a safe and effective treatment option. A prerequisite for durable PVI are transmural and contiguous circumferential lesions around the pulmonary veins. However, electrical reconnection of initially isolated pulmonary veins remains a primary concern and is a dominant factor for arrhythmia recurrence during long-term follow up...
July 19, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723276/can-an-app-help-identify-psychomotor-function-impairments-during-drinking-occasions-in-the-real-world-a-mixed-method-pilot-study
#20
Brian Suffoletto, Akash Goyal, Juan Carlos Puyana, Tammy Chung
BACKGROUND: Being able to measure the acute effects of alcohol consumption on psychomotor functions in natural settings could be useful in injury prevention interventions. This study examined the feasibility and acceptability of collecting app-based measures of information processing, working memory and gait stability during times of typical alcohol consumption among young adults. METHODS: Ten young adults (aged 21-26) with hazardous drinking completed a baseline assessment and ecological momentary assessments (EMA) on 4 consecutive Fridays and Saturdays, every hour from 8pm to 12am...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
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