keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

effective interventions

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224224/healthy-and-ready-to-learn-effects-of-a-school-based-public-health-insurance-outreach-program-for-kindergarten-aged-children
#1
Jade Marcus Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Rates of child insurance coverage have increased due to expansions in public programs, but many eligible children remain uninsured. Uninsured children are less likely to receive preventative care, which leads to poorer health and achievement in the long term. This study is an evaluation of a school-based health insurance outreach initiative, "Healthy and Ready to Learn," aiming to identify and enroll uninsured kindergarteners in areas of high economic need in 16 counties in North Carolina...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224223/altering-the-school-breakfast-environment-reduces-barriers-to-school-breakfast-participation-among-diverse-rural-youth
#2
Mary O Hearst, Amy Shanafelt, Qi Wang, Robert Leduc, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: The purpose is to determine if altering school breakfast policies and the school breakfast environment will positively impact adolescent beliefs of the barriers and benefits of eating breakfast. METHODS: There were 904 adolescents from 16 rural high schools, Minnesota, in the BreakFAST Study who reported eating breakfast fewer than 4 times per week at baseline. Schools were randomized to intervention (N = 8 schools) or delayed intervention (N = 8) condition...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224190/metabolic-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-in-obese-individuals
#3
REVIEW
David E Cummings, Francesco Rubino
Several bariatric operations originally designed to promote weight loss have been found to powerfully treat type 2 diabetes, causing remission in most cases, through diverse mechanisms additional to the secondary consequences of weight loss. These observations have prompted consideration of such operations as 'metabolic surgery', used expressly to treat diabetes, including among patients who are only mildly obese or merely overweight. Large, long-term observational studies consistently demonstrate that bariatric/metabolic surgery is associated with reductions in all cardiovascular risk factors, actual cardiovascular events, microvascular diabetes complications, cancer and death...
December 9, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224188/an-evaluation-of-a-social-skills-intervention-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-disabilities-preparing-for-employment-in-ireland-a-pilot-study
#4
Edith Walsh, Jennifer Holloway, Helena Lydon
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are faced with significant barriers relating to employment opportunities and workplace participation. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Walker social skills curriculum: the ACCESS program and video modeling to increase social communication skills necessary for workplace inclusion. Participants attended two sessions (i.e., 3 h) per week across a period of 20 weeks. A multiple-probe design was used to demonstrate social skills outcomes across three broad curricular areas (i...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224099/the-role-of-skeletal-muscle-estrogen-receptors-in-metabolic-homeostasis-and-insulin-sensitivity
#5
Andrea L Hevener, Zhenqi Zhou, Brian G Drew, Vicent Ribas
Women in the modern era are challenged with facing menopausal symptoms as well as heightened disease risk associated with increasing adiposity and metabolic dysfunction for up to three decades of life. Treatment strategies to combat metabolic dysfunction and associated pathologies have been hampered by our lack of understanding regarding the biological causes of these clinical conditions and our incomplete understanding regarding the effects of estrogens and the tissue-specific functions and molecular actions of its receptors...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223863/what-can-predict-and-prevent-the-long-term-use-of-benzodiazepines
#6
Takeo Hata, Tetsufumi Kanazawa, Takeshi Hamada, Masami Nishihara, Ashley Ian Bush, Hiroshi Yoneda, Miki Nakajima, Takahiro Katsumata
Although benzodiazepines (BZDs) are commonly prescribed for insomnia or anxiety, long-term use of BZDs causes serious adverse effects such as daytime drowsiness and cognitive decline. In the current study, we evaluated the predictors and preventers of long-term usage of BZDs from a retrospective survey by utilizing the 12-year prescription record of a university hospital. From the prescription data of 92,005 people, users of BZDs (n = 3,470, male = 39.2%, mean age = 60 ± 17.5) were analyzed. During this period, both the number of prescriptions (2722 in 2004 to 1019 in 2016) and the number of BZDs (1...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223766/developing-a-value-proposition-for-high-sensitive-troponin-testing
#7
Andrew St John, Louise Cullen, Paul Jülicher, Christopher P Price
Laboratories are looking for ways that they can identify and deliver value through their service rather than just provide high quality test results. One way to demonstrate value has been described in the form of a value proposition where the application of a laboratory test is described explicitly in terms of the process of care and the patient outcomes. We have applied this concept to the use of high sensitive troponin assays for the assessment of patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome. From a previously described framework we use a checklist to describe the various steps in the complete intervention or clinical pathway, demonstrating how the test should be used, highlighting key evidence in the literature that supports the intervention and list some of the measures which can be used to assess how well the intervention is being adopted and implemented...
December 6, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223708/comparison-of-neuroplastic-responses-to-cathodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-and-continuous-theta-burst-stimulation-in-subacute-stroke
#8
Pierre Nicolo, Cécile Magnin, Elena Pedrazzini, Gijs Plomp, Anaïs Mottaz, Armin Schnider, Adrian G Guggisberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) on neural network connectivity and motor recovery in individuals with subacute stroke. DESIGN: Double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Stroke subjects recruited through a university hospital rehabilitation program. PARTICIPANTS: Stroke inpatients (N=41; mean age 65y, range 28-85; mean weeks poststroke 5, range 2-10) with resultant paresis in the upper extremity (mean Fugl-Meyer score 14, range 3-48)...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223674/prediction-of-need-for-intervention-in-posterior-urethral-valves-use-of-urine-osmolality
#9
Anna E Wright, Ruth Wragg, Joana Lopes, Andrew Robb, Liam McCarthy
AIM: Renal tubular dysfunction (RTD) causing obligate production of hypoosmolar urine in boys with posterior urethral valves (PUVs) has been described. It is not known how clinically significant this is. We hypothesize that a feedback loop is present in many PUV boys who suffer deterioration of their lower urinary tract (LUT). RTD results in hypoosmolar urine, obligate polyuria, and bladder stretch-injury. The increasing back-pressure worsens RTD, thus exacerbating the injury. Coexisting renal dysplasia and acquired renal scarring exacerbate this...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223658/can-technology-really-help-to-reduce-underage-drinking-new-evidence-on-the-effects-of-false-id-laws-with-scanner-provisions
#10
Emily Yiying Zheng
In Volume 36 of this journal, Yoruk (2014) uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 and finds that false ID laws with scanner provisions have large impacts on binge drinking participation, frequency of alcohol consumption and binge drinking frequency among minors. This paper reexamines how false ID laws with scanner provisions affect underage drinking. I first demonstrate that analyses based on NLSY97 data fail falsification exercises testing for significant pre-intervention effects, and that the estimated effects based on these data are highly sensitive to the inclusion of a lead term and to sample selection, which weakens confidence in the large estimated effects reported in Yoruk (2014)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223633/effectiveness-of-irrigation-with-chlorhexidine-after-removal-of-mandibular-third-molars-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
H Cho, M C David, A J Lynham, E Hsu
To evaluate the effect of postoperative irrigation with chlorhexidine on inflammatory complications after the extraction of lower third molars under local anaesthesia, we recruited 100 patients to participate in a controlled, single-blind, randomised clinical trial. They were assigned to one of two groups: the intervention group (postoperative irrigation of the surgical site with chlorhexidine for seven days) or the control group (postoperative chlorhexidine mouth rinse for seven days). The primary outcome variables were pain, swelling, trismus, infection, and alveolar osteitis...
December 6, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223599/pharmacological-intervention-and-abstinence-in-smokers-undergoing-cessation-treatment-a-psychophysiological-study
#12
Yong Cui, Jeffrey M Engelmann, Jonathan Xian, Jennifer A Minnix, Cho Y Lam, Maher Karam-Hage, Paul M Cinciripini, Jason D Robinson
As a composite concept, negative affect comprises various aversive emotional experiences, such as irritability and nervousness. It is a critical motivational factor that helps maintain smoking behavior, and contributes significantly to smoking cessation failure as a core withdrawal symptom. Prior research has indicated an important role of nicotinic mechanisms in negative affect processing. The most effective smoking cessation medication, varenicline, targets nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) as a partial agonist, while another first-line cessation medication, bupropion, has shown antagonistic effects on nAChRs...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223591/mild-hypothermia-protects-hippocampal-neurons-from-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-injury-through-inhibiting-caspase-3-activation
#13
Tianen Zhou, Hui Lin, Longyuan Jiang, Tao Yu, Chaotao Zeng, Juanhua Liu, Zhengfei Yang
Mild hypothermia (MH) is thought to be one of the most effective therapeutic methods to treat hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) after cardiac arrest (CA). However, its precise mechanisms remain unclear. In this research, hippocampal neurons were cultured and treated with mild hypothermia and Ac-DEVD-CHO after oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD). The activity of caspase-3 was detected, in order to find the precise concentration of Ac-DEVD-CHO with the same protective role in OGD injury as MH treatment. Western blot and immunofluorescence staining were conducted to analyze the effects of MH and Ac-DEVD-CHO on the expressions of caspase-3, caspase-8, and PARP...
December 6, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223499/a-comparison-of-standard-versus-low-dose-heparin-on-access-related-complications-after-coronary-angiography-through-radial-access-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Khagendra Dahal, Sharan Sharma, Adil Yousuf, Juyong Lee, Michael Azrin, Enrique Jimenez, Kalgi Modi, Neeraj Tandon
BACKGROUND: Transradial access (TRA) is preferred for coronary angiography (CA) or percutaneous coronary intervention due to reduced access-related complications, and mortality especially for patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction. Radial artery occlusion (RAO) is a known complication of TRA, and precludes its use as a future access site, conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting or for hemodialysis fistula placement. Although a standard dose (SD) heparin of 5000 Units is used during TRA, the risks of RAO and hematoma compared to lower dose (LD) remain unclear...
November 5, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223433/contemporary-rates-and-correlates-of-statin-use-and-adherence-in-nondiabetic-adults-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-the-kp-champ-study
#15
Alan S Go, Dongjie Fan, Sue Hee Sung, Alda I Inveiss, Victoria Romo-LeTourneau, Usha G Mallya, Susan Boklage, Joan C Lo
BACKGROUND: Statin therapy is highly efficacious in the prevention of fatal and nonfatal atherosclerotic events in persons at increased cardiovascular risk. However, its long-term effectiveness in practice depends on a high level of medication adherence by patients. METHODS: We identified nondiabetic adults with cardiovascular risk factors between 2008 and 2010 within a large integrated health care delivery system in Northern California. Through 2013, we examined the use and adherence of newly initiated statin therapy based on data from dispensed prescriptions from outpatient pharmacy databases...
December 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223415/-psychological-impact-of-prostate-cancer-on-patients-receiving-a-6-month-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#16
A de la Taille, S Mardoyan, A Lafaye
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is often associated with psychopathological symptoms such as anxiety. This study evaluated the effects of the luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist therapy leuprorelin acetate (LA) on anxiety and quality of life (QoL) over time in men with PCa. METHODS: This observational, non interventional, multicenter study was conducted in France. Patients with PCa eligible for therapy with a 6-month LA depot were enrolled. Patients completed questionnaires assessing anxiety (memorial anxiety scale for prostate cancer [MAX-PC] ; state trait anxiety inventory [STAI]) and QoL (medical outcomes study 12-item short-form health survey [SF-12] physical summary component [PCS] and mental component summary [MSCS] subscales) at baseline and 6 months after 6-month LA depot administration...
December 6, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223355/multisession-anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-induces-motor-cortex-plasticity-enhancement-and-motor-learning-generalization-in-an-aging-population
#17
Gaëlle Dumel, Marie-Ève Bourassa, Camille Charlebois-Plante, Martine Desjardins, Julien Doyon, Dave Saint-Amour, Louis De Beaumont
OBJECTIVES: The present aging study investigated the impact of a multisession anodal-tDCS protocol applied over the primary motor cortex (M1) during motor sequence learning on generalization of motor learning and plasticity-dependent measures of cortical excitability. METHODS: A total of 32 cognitively-intact aging participants performed five consecutive daily 20-min sessions of the serial-reaction time task (SRTT) concomitant with either anodal (n = 16) or sham (n = 16) tDCS over M1...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223326/effects-of-perceived-discrimination-and-trust-on-breast-cancer-screening-among-korean-american-women
#18
Hye Chong Hong, Carol Estwing Ferrans, Chang Park, Hyeonkyeong Lee, Lauretta Quinn, Eileen G Collins
OBJECTIVE: Korean American (KA) women continue to have lower breast cancer screening rates than other racial groups. Perceived discrimination and trust have been associated with breast cancer screening adherence, but little is known about the associations in KA women. METHODS: Surveys were completed by 196 KA women in the Chicago metropolitan area. Multiple and Firth logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors (perceived discrimination, trust, acculturation, cultural beliefs, health care access) influencing breast cancer screening adherence (mammogram)...
December 6, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223191/iterating-a-framework-for-the-prevention-of-caregiver-depression-in-dementia-a-multi-method-approach
#19
Jiangbo Ying, Philip Yap, Mihir Gandhi, Tau Ming Liew
BACKGROUND: Dementia caregiving is often stressful and depression in family caregivers is not uncommon. As caregiver depression can have significant effects, there is a need for preventive efforts which are consistent with the extensive literature. We sought to consolidate the wide range of evidence (using a multi-method approach) into a simple framework that can guide the prevention of caregiver depression. METHODS: Using multiple logistic regression, we derived the predictors of caregiver depression from an empirical dataset containing key information and depression scores (based on the Center-for-Epidemiological-Studies-Depression-Scale) of 394 family caregivers...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223044/association-between-sleep-disorder-and-panic-disorder-in-south-korea-nationwide-nested-case-control-study-of-data-from-2004-to-2013
#20
Han Jin Park, Min Seok Kim, Eun-Cheol Park, Suk-Yong Jang, Woorim Kim, Kyu-Tae Han
After 2010, panic disorders became relatively common in South Korea, with many celebrities confessing to the public that they have panic disorder. The annual number of patients with panic disorder and sleep disorder have been gradually increasing. In light of these increases, we analyzed the relationship between sleep disorder and panic disorder. We used national claim data to design a 1:3 nested case-control study. The study included medical claims filed for 29,312 patients during 2004-2013. We performed conditional logistic regression analysis to investigate the relationship between sleep disorder and panic disorder...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
keyword
keyword
66580
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"