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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776002/the-chaos-of-hospitalisation-for-patients-with-critical-limb-ischaemia-approaching-major-amputation
#1
Susan Monaro, Sandra West, Jana Pinkova, Janice Gullick
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To illuminate the hospital experience for patients and families when major amputation has been advised for critical limb ischaemia (CLI). BACKGROUND: CLI creates significant burden to the health system and the family, particularly as the person with CLI approaches amputation. Major amputation is often offered as a late intervention for CLI in response to the marked deterioration of an ischaemic limb, and functional decline from reduced mobility, intractable pain, infection and/or toxaemia...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775694/advance-care-planning-in-a-multi-cultural-family-centric-community-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-professionals-patients-and-caregivers-perspectives
#2
Sumytra Menon, Marijke Kars, Chetna Malhotra, Alastair V Campbell, J J M van Delden
CONTEXT: Advance care planning has been shown to improve end-of-life care but it was developed in the USA and most research has been conducted in western communities. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the attitudes and perceptions of patients with life-limiting illnesses, informal caregivers, doctors, nurses and medical social workers regarding advance care planning in a multi-cultural family-centric community. METHODS: We conducted an explorative qualitative study, using focus groups and individual in-depth interviews...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775509/exploring-the-growth-trajectory-of-cultural-competence-in-taiwanese-paediatric-nurses
#3
Chiu-I Chen, Mei-Chih Huang
AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore the evolution of cultural competence in Taiwanese paediatric nurses. BACKGROUND: Because transnational marriage has become a social phenomenon in Taiwan, the proportion of newborns of new immigrant mothers accounts for 8-10% of total births every year. Since family-centered care is the core value of paediatric nursing, it is necessary to teach caregivers how to take care of hospitalized children and perform related nursing care as well as to determine what difficulties nurses will encounter when they care for patients from diverse cultures and to find solutions for these problems...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775501/educational-interventions-for-improving-primary-caregiver-complementary-feeding-practices-for-children-aged-24-months-and-under
#4
REVIEW
Dachi Arikpo, Ededet Sewanu Edet, Moriam T Chibuzor, Friday Odey, Deborah M Caldwell
BACKGROUND: Although complementary feeding is a universal practice, the methods and manner in which it is practiced vary between cultures, individuals and socioeconomic classes. The period of complementary feeding is a critical time of transition in the life of an infant, and inappropriate complementary feeding practices, with their associated adverse health consequences, remain a significant global public health problem. Educational interventions are widely acknowledged as effective in promoting public health strategy, and those aimed at improving complementary feeding practices provide information about proper complementary feeding practices to caregivers of infants/children...
May 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772351/a-couple-based-communication-intervention-for-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-survivors-and-their-caregiving-partners-feasibility-acceptability-and-change-in-process-measures
#5
Shelby Langer, Laura Porter, Joan Romano, Michael Todd, Stephanie Lee
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) poses significant challenges for recipients and their caregiving partners. Couples may refrain from talking about treatment-related fears and concerns in order to minimize distress. This single-group, pre-post study examined feasibility and acceptability of an intervention designed to optimize communication between HCT patients and partners; it also assessed change in process measures. Couples met with a therapist five times to learn skills for disclosing illness-related thoughts and feelings and responding supportively to one another...
May 14, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772017/patient-reported-healthcare-expectations-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#6
Valérie Pittet, Carla Vaucher, Florian Froehlich, Michel H Maillard, Pierre Michetti
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported experience is an important component of a holistic approach to quality of care. Patients' expectations of treatments and global disease management may indicate their illness representations and their satisfaction and hopes regarding quality of care. OBJECTIVE: To study expectations of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS: Two focus groups were conducted with 14 patients to explore their expectations about treatments and disease management...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771945/comparison-of-incidence-and-cost-of-influenza-between-healthy-and-high-risk-children-60-months-old-in-thailand-2011-2015
#7
Wanitchaya Kittikraisak, Piyarat Suntarattiwong, Wiboon Kanjanapattanakul, Darunee Ditsungnoen, Chonticha Klungthong, Kim A Lindblade, Stefan Fernandez, Fatimah S Dawood, Tawee Chotpitayasunondh, Sonja J Olsen
INTRODUCTION: Thailand recommends influenza vaccination for children aged 6 months to <36 months, but investment in vaccine purchase is limited. To inform policy decision with respect to influenza disease burden and associated cost in young children and to support the continued inclusion of children as the recommended group for influenza vaccination, we conducted a prospective cohort study of children in Bangkok hospital to estimate and compare influenza incidence and cost between healthy and high-risk children...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771374/our-inner-city-children-inflicted-with-burns-a-retrospective-analysis-of-pediatric-burn-admissions-at-harlem-hospital-ny
#8
Anant Dinesh, Thais Polanco, Khurram Khan, Alexius Ramcharan, Ryan Engdahl
Pediatric burns in the urban environment present special problems. Inner-city communities may be unique with hardships due to various socioeconomic factors. There is lack of literature analyzing pediatric burns in the inner-city, and there has been no report to date reviewing Harlem New York City, one of the most challenged areas in the nation. The aim of this study is to understand the pre-hospital circumstances, socioeconomic factors and management of pediatric burns admitted to our hospital. A retrospective review was performed including all patients aged 0-18 years admitted to the burn care unit from January 2006-May 2017...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771140/the-informal-caregiver-s-lived-experience-of-being-present-with-a-patient-who-receives-a-diagnosis-of-dementia-a-phenomenological-inquiry
#9
Barbara E Champlin
This article describes the lived experience of informal caregivers who accompany loved ones as the loved ones receive a diagnosis of dementia. Each of 12 informal caregivers participated in a face-to-face interview that was audiotaped and transcribed. Analysis of the interview text revealed seven constituents as central to the general structure of this experience: (a) having anticipated the diagnosis; (b) feeling relief; (c) feeling the gravitas of the words; (d) grieving the loss; (e) watching for the patient's reaction; (f) accepting the diagnosis and taking action; and (g) committing to care...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768931/how-intersectoral-health-promotion-changes-professional-practices-a-case-study-from-denmark
#10
Mads Christensen, Viola Burau, Loni Ledderer
Intersectoral health promotion (IHP) has pushed health professions to engage in new tasks and interprofessional ways of working. We studied how care assistants from a nursing home and school teachers implemented a cookery project targeted at children ("Cool Beans") as an example of an IHP project in Denmark. Our aim was to examine the impact of the IHP project on the practices of the professions involved. We used a qualitative case study to investigate joint care and teaching situations with the two professions and their users...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768600/-the-profile-of-caregivers-to-pediatric-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#11
Stella Pegoraro Alves, Denise Bueno
The scope of this study was to establish the profile of caregivers of pediatric patients diagnosed with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). It was a cross-sectional, descriptive and prospective study in which the caregivers of fibrocystic patients were interviewed during pharmaceutical consultation in a reference center of a University Hospital in southern Brazil. General information was obtained about the caregivers and about their understanding of the disease, drug consumption and dynamics of treatment at home and at school...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768117/experiences-and-expectations-of-bereavement-contact-among-caregivers-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#12
Maisam Makarem, Shan Mohammed, Nadia Swami, Ashley Pope, Nanor Kevork, Monika Krzyzanowska, Gary Rodin, Breffni Hannon, Camilla Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: Contact with bereaved caregivers is not standard practice among cancer physicians, and little is known about its impact on caregivers. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe the experiences and opinions of caregivers regarding bereavement contact from healthcare providers (HCP). DESIGN: Semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted with 61 bereaved caregivers. SUBJECTS: Bereaved caregivers of advanced cancer patients who had completed a randomized controlled trial of an early palliative care intervention were approached one to five years after the patient's death...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768042/baseline-knowledge-of-potential-pet-toxins-among-the-us-general-public
#13
Natalie Young, Kenneth Royal, Bryan Lovee, Gigi Davidson
In 2014, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty toAnimals Animal Poison Control Center fielded more than 167,000cases of potential nonhuman animal toxicosis. Concomitantly, thereremain limited free and reputable veterinary toxicology resourcesavailable for companion-animal (pet) caregivers (owners) seekingassistance and advice about potentially harmful exposures inanimals. The objective of this study was to assess pet toxicantknowledge among a representative sample of Americans andgauge the need for additional toxicology resources...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766133/trauma-transitional-care-coordination-protecting-the-most-vulnerable-trauma-patients-from-hospital-readmission
#14
Erin C Hall, Rebecca Tyrrell, Thomas M Scalea, Deborah M Stein
Background: Unplanned hospital readmissions increase healthcare costs and patient morbidity. We hypothesized that a program designed to reduce trauma readmissions would be effective. Methods: A Trauma Transitional Care Coordination (TTCC) program was created to support patients at high risk for readmission. TTCC interventions included call to patient (or caregiver) within 72 hours of discharge to identify barriers to care, complete medication reconciliation, coordination of appointments, and individualized problem solving...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764172/developing-compassionate-communities-in-australia-through-collective-caregiving-a-qualitative-study-exploring-network-centred-care-and-the-role-of-the-end-of-life-sector
#15
Debbie Horsfall
BACKGROUND: The new public health palliative care movement calls for a move away from an individualised model of caregiving to a whole of community approach which will increase expectations on community carers. In order to avoid carer isolation, exploitation and potential burnout there is then a very real need to understand environments and relationships which support collective community caregiving. In this research we explored in-home caring networks to understand if and how network centred care supports carers of the dying while developing a whole of community approach...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763508/withdrawn-nursing-record-systems-effects-on-nursing-practice-and-healthcare-outcomes
#16
REVIEW
Christine Urquhart, Rosemary Currell, Maria J Grant, Nicholas R Hardiker
BACKGROUND: A nursing record system is the record of care that was planned or given to individual patients and clients by qualified nurses or other caregivers under the direction of a qualified nurse. Nursing record systems may be an effective way of influencing nurse practice. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of nursing record systems on nursing practice and patient outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: For the original version of this review in 2000, and updates in 2003 and 2008, we searched: the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) Group Specialised Register; MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, BNI, ISI Web of Knowledge, and ASLIB Index of Theses...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761569/cognitive-and-functional-progression-in-alzheimer-disease-a-prediction-model-of-latent-classes
#17
Miriam L Haaksma, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, René J F Melis, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos
OBJECTIVE: We sought to replicate a previously published prediction model for progression, developed in the Cache County Dementia Progression Study, using a clinical cohort from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center. METHODS: We included 1120 incident Alzheimer disease (AD) cases with at least one assessment after diagnosis, originating from 31 AD centres from the United States. Trajectories of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Clinical Dementia Rating sum of boxes (CDR-sb) were modelled jointly over time using parallel-process growth mixture models in order to identify latent classes of trajectories...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760768/mechanisms-of-change-for-interventions-aimed-at-improving-the-wellbeing-mental-health-and-resilience-of-children-and-adolescents-affected-by-war-and-armed-conflict-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#18
REVIEW
Tania Josiane Bosqui, Bassam Marshoud
Despite increasing research and clinical interest in delivering psychosocial interventions for children affected by war, little research has been conducted on the underlying mechanisms of change associated with these interventions. This review aimed to identify these processes in order to inform existing interventions and highlight research gaps. A systematic review of reviews was conducted drawing from academic databases (PubMed, PILOTS, Cochrane Library for Systematic Reviews) and field resources (e.g. Médecins Sans Frontières and the Psychosocial Centre of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies), with extracted data analysed using Thematic Content Analysis...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760577/perceptions-of-acute-malnutrition-and-its-management-in-infants-under-6-months-of-age-a-qualitative-study-in-rural-bangladesh
#19
Yasir Arafat, M Munirul Islam, Nicki Connell, Golam Mothabbir, Marie McGrath, James A Berkley, Tahmeed Ahmed, Marko Kerac
Background: World Health Organization guidelines advise community-based care (CBC) for "uncomplicated" severe acute malnutrition (SAM) infants <6 months old (u6m), whereas current national protocols refer to inpatient care. Our aim was to inform and shape future management strategies by understanding caregivers' and different stakeholders' perceptions on malnutrition among infants u6m on barriers/facilitators to future CBC. Methods: The methods used in this study are as follows: in-depth interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs) in southern Bangladesh, thematic analysis of transcripts, and sample size by data saturation...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760026/care-transitions-from-patient-and-caregiver-perspectives
#20
Suzanne E Mitchell, Vivian Laurens, Gabriela M Weigel, Karen B Hirschman, Allison M Scott, Huong Q Nguyen, Jessica Martin Howard, Lance Laird, Carol Levine, Terry C Davis, Brianna Gass, Elizabeth Shaid, Jing Li, Mark V Williams, Brian W Jack
PURPOSE: Despite concerted actions to streamline care transitions, the journey from hospital to home remains hazardous for patients and caregivers. Remarkably little is known about the patient and caregiver experience during care transitions, the services they need, or the outcomes they value. The aims of this study were to (1) describe patient and caregiver experiences during care transitions and (2) characterize patient and caregiver desired outcomes of care transitions and the health services associated with them...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
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