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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783261/epidemiology-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-ukraine-and-poltava-region
#1
Viacheslav M Zhdan, Grigory А Oksak, Oleh V Radomskyi, Denis I Shaposhnikov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The number of elderly people in society is increasing. Alike in all European countries, ageing population in Ukraine is observed, which affects the structure and dynamics of morbidity and mortality of the population towards the increase of chronic non-communicable diseases, which is the epidemic of the 21st century civilization. In 2010 in Ukraine, the proportion of people over the age of 60 was 20.6% of the total. The prevalence of all diseases among the elderly in 2010 amounted to 283522,8, and among the general population - 186746,4...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783251/prevalence-of-risk-factors-of-allergic-diseases-among-children-aged-8-9-years-in-poltava-region-the-results-of-the-first-stage-of-the-research
#2
Tetyana O Kryuchko, Iryna A Holovanova, Olha Y Tkachenko, Mariya O Melnyk, Kateryna V Pocheniuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: According to the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (EAACI, 2016), allergy is the most common chronic disease in Europe. The aim: The aim of the investigation is to study the spread of risk factors of allergic reactions in children who are 8-9 years old of Poltava region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The investigation included two stages: the 1st contained interviewing; the 2nd one - additional clinical and lab investigation of children, who require the further diagnosis specification...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783245/-epidemiological-features-of-parasitary-invasis-in-women-of-reproductive-age-with-disorders-of-reproductive-health
#3
Valentyna О Sklyarova
OBJECTIVE: The aim: The purpose of this study is to analyze the frequency and structure of parasitic lesion in women with reproductive health disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The immune-enzyme method tested immunoglobulins IgG to ascaris, lamblia, toxocara. Determination of the presence of pinworm eggs (sticky tape and perianal scrape method) and ascarid (methods of K.Cato, F.Fueleborna and E.S.Schulman). RESULTS: Results: In women with complicated obstetric anamnesis, parasitic invasions occurred in (52...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783161/candidate-gene-analysis-in-the-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-epidemiologic-sleep-study-episono-shows-an-association-of-variant-in-pde4d-and-sleepiness
#4
Victoria M Pak, Diego R Mazzotti, Brendan T Keenan, Camila Hirotsu, Philip Gehrman, Lia Bittencourt, Allan I Pack, Sergio Tufik
INTRODUCTION: Sleepiness and cardiovascular disease share common molecular pathways; thus, genetic risk factors for sleepiness may also predict cardiovascular disease risk. This study explored the associations between subjective sleepiness and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes within oxidative stress, inflammatory, and neuronal pathways, which may contribute to sleepiness and downstream cardiovascular disease risk: Cytochrome B-245, Alpha Polypeptide (CYBA), Cytochrome B-245, Beta Polypeptide (CYBB), Neutrophil Cytosolic Factor (NCF2), Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha (TNFA), and Phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D)...
January 12, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782935/vitamin-d-status-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-the-melbourne-collaborative-cohort-study
#5
Alicia K Heath, Elizabeth J Williamson, Allison M Hodge, Peter R Ebeling, Darryl W Eyles, David Kvaskoff, Kerin O'Dea, Graham G Giles, Dallas R English
AIMS: Inverse associations between vitamin D status and risk of type 2 diabetes observed in epidemiological studies could be biased by confounding and reverse causality. We investigated the prospective association between vitamin D status and type 2 diabetes and the possible role of reverse causality. METHODS: We conducted a case-cohort study within the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (MCCS), including a random sample of 628 participants who developed diabetes and a sex-stratified random sample of the cohort (n=1,884)...
May 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782317/dementia-research-populations-progress-problems-and-predictions
#6
Sally Hunter, Nadja Smailagic, Carol Brayne
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a clinicopathologically defined syndrome leading to cognitive impairment. Following the recent failures of amyloid-based randomized controlled trials to change the course of AD, there are growing calls for a re-evaluation of basic AD research. Epidemiology offers one approach to integrating the available evidence. Here we examine relationships between evidence from population-based, clinicopathological studies of brain aging and a range of hypotheses from all areas of AD research...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#7
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780822/epidemiology-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-icu-managed-homeless-patients-a-population-based-study
#8
Lavi Oud
Background: The population-level demand for critical care services among the homeless (H) remains unknown, with only sparse data on the characteristics and outcomes of those managed in the ICU. Methods: The Texas Inpatient Public Use Data File and annual federal reports were used to identify H hospitalizations and annual estimates of the H population between 2007 and 2014. The incidence of ICU admissions in the H population, the characteristics of ICU-managed H, and factors associated with their short-term mortality were examined...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780807/a-critical-review-of-the-bacterial-baptism-hypothesis-and-the-impact-of-cesarean-delivery-on-the-infant-microbiome
#9
REVIEW
Lisa F Stinson, Matthew S Payne, Jeffrey A Keelan
Numerous studies suggest that infants delivered by cesarean section are at a greater risk of non-communicable diseases than their vaginal counterparts. In particular, epidemiological studies have linked Cesarean delivery with increased rates of asthma, allergies, autoimmune disorders, and obesity. Mode of delivery has also been associated with differences in the infant microbiome. It has been suggested that these differences are attributable to the "bacterial baptism" of vaginal birth, which is bypassed in cesarean deliveries, and that the abnormal establishment of the early-life microbiome is the mediator of later-life adverse outcomes observed in cesarean delivered infants...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780582/the-convergent-epidemiology-of-tuberculosis-and-human-cytomegalovirus-infection
#10
Frank Cobelens, Nico Nagelkerke, Helen Fletcher
Although several factors are known to increase the risk of tuberculosis, the occurrence of tuberculosis disease in an infected individual is difficult to predict. We hypothesize that active human cytomegalovirus infection due to recent infection, reinfection or reactivation plays an epidemiologically relevant role in the aetiology of tuberculosis by precipitating the progression from latent tuberculosis infection to disease. The most compelling support for this hypothesis comes from the striking similarity in age-sex distribution between the two infections, important because the age-sex pattern of tuberculosis disease progression has not been convincingly explained...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780005/the-epidemiology-of-scabies-and-pediculosis-in-kayseri
#11
Ülfet Çetinkaya, Serkan Şahin, Rabia Özlem Ulutabanca
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate scabies and pediculosis cases in the city of Kayseri and to contribute to the epidemiological data in Turkey. METHODS: Data for the present study were obtained from the Kayseri Directorate of Public Health. The distribution of lice and scabies according to age, sex, and years was evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 3908 scabies and 4762 pediculosis cases have been reported from the central and peripheral districts of Kayseri between January 2006 and April 2017...
May 21, 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779458/predictors-of-housing-instability-in-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence
#12
Emily N Adams, Hannah M Clark, Maria M Galano, Sara F Stein, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Sandra Graham-Bermann
Although one in four women in the United States experience severe intimate partner violence (IPV) in their lifetimes and are at greater risk for homelessness and housing insecurity than women who have not experienced IPV, the factors increasing the vulnerability of women with an IPV history to housing instability have not been examined. This cross-sectional study utilized baseline data from interviews with 218 IPV-exposed women from diverse ethnoracial backgrounds participating with their children in the Kids' Club and the Mom's Empowerment Program, joint interventions designed to improve outcomes in families who have experienced IPV...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779228/prevalence-and-clinical-profile-of-rotavirus-a-infection-among-diarrheal-children-and-phylogenetic-analysis-with-vaccine-strains-in-chengdu-west-china-2009-2014
#13
Yu-Hang Chen, Fan Chen, Tao Zhou, Jia-Yi Chen, Tian-Li Zheng, Xin Xu, Xiao-Fang Pei
OBJECTIVES: Rotaviruses are the most common cause of severe diarrheal disease in young children. However, little is known about the epidemiological and clinical profile of rotavirus A (RVA) in diarrheal children or the efficacy of Lanzhou lamb rotavirus vaccine (LLR) in Chengdu, China. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and clinical profile of RVA in diarrheal children and provide gene analysis information for RVA vaccination programs. METHODS: 1121 fecal samples were collected from outpatient children with diarrhea between 2009 and 2014...
May 19, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779202/tumour-stage-and-gender-predict-recurrence-and-second-primary-malignancies-in-head-and-neck-cancer-a-multicentre-study-within-the-inhance-consortium
#14
Emanuele Leoncini, Vladimir Vukovic, Gabriella Cadoni, Luca Giraldi, Roberta Pastorino, Dario Arzani, Livia Petrelli, Victor Wünsch-Filho, Tatiana Natasha Toporcov, Raquel Ayub Moyses, Keitaro Matsuo, Cristina Bosetti, Carlo La Vecchia, Diego Serraino, Lorenzo Simonato, Franco Merletti, Paolo Boffetta, Mia Hashibe, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Stefania Boccia
Recurrence and second primary cancer (SPC) continue to represent major obstacles to long-term survival in head and neck cancer (HNC). Our aim was to evaluate whether established demographics, lifestyle-related risk factors for HNC and clinical data are associated with recurrence and SPC in HNC. We conducted a multicentre study by using data from five studies members of the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology consortium-Milan, Rome, Western Europe, Sao Paulo, and Japan, totalling 4005 HNC cases with a median age of 59 (interquartile range 52-67)...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779076/adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-a-comparison-of-risk-factors-and-prevalence-in-native-and-migrant-mothers-of-portuguese-generation-xxi-birth-cohort
#15
Musa Abubakar Kana, Sofia Correia, Henrique Barros
Epidemiological studies report conflicting findings regarding association between maternal immigration status and pregnancy outcomes. In this study we compared risk factors and prevalence of adverse pregnancy outcomes in native Portuguese and migrants. Cross-sectional analysis was conducted using information collected at delivery from the participants of Generation XXI birth cohort. Logistic regression models were fitted to assess the association between migrant status and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Prevalence of risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes varied between native Portuguese and migrants: teenage mothers (5...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778667/cardiovascular-risk-factors-is-the-metabolic-syndrome-related-to-aging-epidemiology-in-a-portuguese-population
#16
Armindo Sousa Ribeiro, Rui Seixas, Juan Manuel Gálvez, Vicente Climent
AIMS: The primary objective of our study is to determine the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the population. The secondary objective is to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, anthropometric alterations and the prevalence of target organ damage and their relationship with aging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample for the study was obtained by means of a consecutive population-based demonstration in 803 adults over 18 years of age belonging to the labor force of the company Grupo Delta SA...
May 16, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778412/assessing-cancer-risk-factors-faced-by-an-ancestral-puebloan-population-in-the-north-american-southwest
#17
Catrina Banks Whitley, Jeffrey L Boyer
Ancestral Puebloan people in the North American Southwest suffered high rates of disease, poor health, and early age-at-death. Four individuals with skeletal expressions of cancer were found in a pre-Columbian population in the Taos Valley - Reports of malignant neoplasms in the archaeological record are uncommon and their presence in four of 82 individuals is a high occurrence. This study continues Whitley and Boyer's (2012) research testing whether concentrations of ionizing radiation were sufficiently high to induce cancer and related health issues...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778286/-epidemiology-of-alcohol-dependence
#18
Xavier Laqueille, Marjorie Lacombe, Alain Dervaux
Excessive alcohol consumption is the second leading preventable cause of death in France (49,000/year), after tobacco consumption. Several recent studies found that the alcohol-related negative health consequences may occurs with small amounts of alcohol, in particular cancers. Therefore, the risk thresholds for alcohol consumption have been recently recommended not to be higher than 100g/week. Early age of onset of alcohol use is a strong predictor of alcohol use disorders and alcohol-related negative health outcomes...
May 16, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778210/rabbit-haemorrhagic-disease-cross-protection-and-comparative-pathogenicity-of-gi-2-rhdv2-b-and-gi-1b-rhdv-lagoviruses-in-a-challenge-trial
#19
Carlos Calvete, Manuel Mendoza, Ana Alcaraz, María P Sarto, María P Jiménez-de-Bagüéss, Antonio J Calvo, Fernando Monroy, Jorge H Calvo
European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) are severely affected by rabbit haemorrhagic disease (RHD). Caused by a lagovirus, the disease leads to losses in the rabbit industry and has implications for wildlife conservation. Past RHD outbreaks have been caused by GI.1/RHDV genotype viruses. A new virus belonging to the GI.2/RHDV2/b genotype emerged in 2010, quickly spreading and replacing the former in several countries; however, limited data are available on its pathogenicity and epidemiological factors. The present work extends these issues and evaluates cross-protection between both genotypes...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777908/breast-cancer-in-the-gcc-countries-a-focus-on-brca1-2-and-non-brca1-2-genes
#20
REVIEW
Sumaya Rahman, Hatem Zayed
The GCC is an economic alliance of six Arab countries, including Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates (UAE). The rate of endogamous marriage among the GCC countries is approaching 100%, with very high consanguineous marriage rates. Although breast cancer is on the rise in the GCC countries, there are dearth of studies reporting on the genetic epidemiology of breast cancer. In this study, we investigated the frequency of BRCA1/2 and non-BRCA1/2 mutations in breast cancer patients in the GCC countries...
May 16, 2018: Gene
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