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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651336/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-repositionable-and-fully-retrievable-aortic-valve-used-in-routine-clinical-practice-the-respond-study
#1
Volkmar Falk, Jochen Wöhrle, David Hildick-Smith, Sabine Bleiziffer, Daniel J Blackman, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab, Ulrich Gerckens, Axel Linke, Hüseyin Ince, Peter Wenaweser, Dominic J Allocco, Keith D Dawkins, Nicolas M Van Mieghem
Aims: RESPOND is a prospective, open-label, single-arm study evaluating the outcomes following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the repositionable and fully retrievable Lotus Valve used in routine clinical practice for the treatment of patients with aortic valve stenosis. Methods and results: RESPOND enrolled 1014 patients at sites across Europe, New Zealand, and Latin America; 996 patients received a Lotus Valve (mean age: 80.8 years; 50.8% female; Society of Thoracic Surgeons score: 6...
June 22, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651304/rifaximin-and-propranolol-combination-therapy-is-more-effective-than-propranolol-monotherapy-for-the-reduction-of-portal-pressure-an-open-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#2
Yoo Li Lim, Moon Young Kim, Yoon Ok Jang, Soon Koo Baik, Sang Ok Kwon
Background/Aims: Non-selective beta blockers (NSBBs) are currently the only accepted regimen for preventing portal hypertension (PHT)-related complications. However, the effect of NSBBs is insufficient in many cases. Bacterial translocation (BT) is one of the aggravating factors of PHT in cirrhosis; therefore, selective intestinal decontamination by rifaximin is a possible therapeutic option for improving PHT. We investigated whether the addition of rifaximin to propranolol therapy can improve hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) response...
June 27, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651289/a-validated-method-for-the-quality-control-of-andrographis-paniculata-preparations
#3
Anastasia Karioti, Patricia Timoteo, Maria Camilla Bergonzi, Anna Rita Bilia
Andrographis paniculata is a herbal drug of Asian traditional medicine largely employed for the treatment of several diseases. Recently, it has been introduced in Europe for the prophylactic and symptomatic treatment of common cold and as an ingredient of dietary supplements. The active principles are diterpenes with andrographolide as the main representative. In the present study, an analytical protocol was developed for the determination of the main constituents in the herb and preparations of A. paniculata...
June 26, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651288/development-of-a-high-performance-liquid-chromatographic-method-for-asiaticoside-quantification-in-different-skin-layers-after-topical-application-of-a-centella-asiatica-extract
#4
Priscila Bianca Rodrigues da Rocha, Bruno Dos Santos Souza, Lígia Marquez Andrade, Ricardo Neves Marreto, Eliana Martins Lima, Stephânia Fleury Taveira
The topical application of Centella asiatica extract has been commonly used for many different purposes but especially for cosmetic use in the treatment of gynoid lipodystrophy. Asiaticoside, the most active component in this extract, is responsible for its therapeutic activities. However, little is known to date about asiaticoside skin penetration. Thus, an analytical method for asiaticoside quantification in different skin layers after the topical application of C. asiatica extract was developed and skin permeation studies were performed with the plant extract to apply the analytical method developed...
June 26, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651173/development-validation-and-clinical-application-of-a-method-for-the-simultaneous-quantification-of-lamivudine-emtricitabine-and-tenofovir-in-dried-blood-and-dried-breast-milk-spots-using-lc-ms-ms
#5
Catriona Waitt, Sujan Diliiy Penchala, Adeniyi Olagunju, Alieu Amara, Laura Else, Mohammed Lamorde, Saye Khoo
OBJECTIVES: To present the validation and clinical application of a LC-MS/MS method for the quantification of lamivudine (3TC), emtricitabine (FTC) and tenofovir (TFV) in dried blood spots (DBS) and dried breast milk spots (DBMS). METHODS: DBS and DBMS were prepared from 50 and 30μL of drug-spiked whole blood and human breast milk, respectively. Following extraction with acetonitrile and water, chromatographic separation utilised a Synergi polar column with a gradient mobile phase program consisting of 0...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650805/an-in-vitro-and-numerical-study-of-moxibustion-therapy-on-biological-tissue
#6
Ying Li, Chao Sun, Jiujie Kuang, Changchun Ji, Shangsheng Feng, Jiangtao Wu, Haojun You
OBJECTIVE: Moxibustion therapy achieves satisfactory therapeutic effects largely depending on the heat stimulation of burning moxa. Understanding the thermal characteristics of heating process is an effective way to reveal the underlying mechanisms of moxibustion therapy. METHODS: This paper performs experimental study on temperature distributions of burning moxa sticks and fresh in-vitro porcine abdominal tissue using an infrared camera and thermocouples. Meanwhile, a moxibustion model incorporating moxa stick burning model and tissue heat transfer model was established with consideration of radiation propagation and water evaporation...
June 26, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650173/polymer-pen-lithography-with-lipids-for-large-area-gradient-patterns
#7
Ravi Kumar, Ainhoa Urtizberea, Souvik Ghosh, Uwe Bog, Quinn Rainer, Steven Lenhert, Harald Fuchs, Michael Hirtz
For many applications in the biomedical sector (especially for cell screening assays, guidance and migration experiments), gradient patterns comprising bioactive compounds over comparably (in regard to a cell size) large areas are key. Polymer pen lithography (PPL), as an inherent highly parallel and large area technique has a great potential to serve in the fabrication of such patterns. We present strategies for the printing of functional phospholipid patterns via PPL that provide tunable feature size and feature density gradients over surface areas of several square millimeters...
June 26, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650093/stable-covalently-photo-crosslinked-poly-ionic-liquid-membrane-with-gradient-pore-size
#8
Alessandro Dani, Karoline Täuber, Weiyi Zhang, Helmut Schlaad, Jiayin Yuan
Porous polyelectrolyte membranes stable in a highly ionic environment are obtained by covalent crosslinking of an imidazolium-based poly(ionic liquid). The crosslinking reaction involves the UV light-induced thiol-ene (click) chemistry, and the phase separation, occurring during the crosslinking step, generates a fully interconnected porous structure in the membrane. The porosity is on the order of the micrometer scale and the membrane shows a gradient of pore size across the membrane cross-section. The membrane can separate polystyrene latex particles of different size and undergoes actuation in contact with acetone due to the asymmetric porous structure...
June 26, 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650091/localized-micronutrient-patches-induce-lateral-root-foraging-and-chemotropism-in-nicotiana-attenuate
#9
Abigail P Ferrieri, Ricardo A R Machado, Carla C M Arce, Danny Kessler, Ian T Baldwin, Matthias Erb
Nutrients are distributed unevenly in the soil. Phenotypic plasticity in root growth and proliferation may enable plants to cope with this variation and effectively forage for essential nutrients. However, how micronutrients shape root architecture of plants in their natural environments is poorly understood. We employed a combination of field and laboratory-based assays to determine the capacity of Nicotiana attenuata to direct root growth towards localized nutrient patches in its native environment. Plants growing in nature displayed a particular root phenotype consisting of a single primary root and a few long, shallow lateral roots...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650031/diffusiophoretic-manipulation-of-particles-in-a-drop-deposited-on-a-hydrogel
#10
François Boulogne, Sangwoo Shin, Julien Dervaux, Laurent Limat, Howard A Stone
We report an experimental study on the manipulation of colloidal particles in a drop sitting on a hydrogel. The manipulation is achieved by diffusiophoresis, which describes a directed motion of particles induced by solute gradients. By letting the solute concentrations for the drop and the hydrogel be different, we control the motion of particles in a stable suspension, which is otherwise difficult to achieve. We show that diffusiophoresis can cause the particles to move either toward or away from the liquid-air interface depending on the direction of the solute gradient and the surface charge of the particles...
June 26, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649977/convection-shapes-the-trade-off-between-antibiotic-efficacy-and-the-selection-for-resistance-in-spatial-gradients
#11
Matti Gralka, Diana Fusco, Stephen Martis, Oskar Hallatschek
Since penicillin was discovered about 90 years ago, we have become used to using drugs to eradicate unwanted pathogenic cells. However, using drugs to kill bacteria, viruses or cancer cells has the serious side effect of selecting for mutant types that survive the drug attack. A key question therefore is how one could eradicate as many cells as possible for a given acceptable risk of drug resistance evolution. We address this general question in a model of drug resistance evolution in spatial drug gradients, which recent experiments and theories have suggested as key drivers of drug resistance...
June 26, 2017: Physical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649768/measuring-canopy-loss-and-climatic-thresholds-from-an-extreme-drought-along-a-fivefold-precipitation-gradient-across-texas
#12
Amanda M Schwantes, Jennifer J Swenson, Mariano González-Roglich, Daniel M Johnson, Jean-Christophe Domec, Robert B Jackson
Globally, trees are increasingly dying from extreme drought, a trend that is expected to increase with climate change. Loss of trees has significant ecological, biophysical, and biogeochemical consequences. In 2011, a record drought caused widespread tree mortality in Texas. Using remotely sensed imagery, we quantified canopy loss during and after the drought across the state at 30-m spatial resolution, from the eastern pine/hardwood forests to the western shrublands, a region that includes the boundaries of many species ranges...
June 26, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649634/pyrocystis-noctiluca-represents-an-excellent-bioassay-for-shear-forces-induced-in-ground-based-microgravity-simulators-clinostat-and-random-positioning-machine
#13
Jens Hauslage, Volkan Cevik, Ruth Hemmersbach
Ground-based facilities, such as clinostats and random positioning machines aiming at simulating microgravity conditions, are tools to prepare space experiments and identify gravity-related signaling pathways. A prerequisite is that the facilities are operated in an appropriate manner and potentially induced non-gravitational effects, such as shearing forces, have to be taken into account. Dinoflagellates, here P. noctiluca, as fast and sensitive reporter system for shear stress and hydrodynamic gradients, were exposed on a clinostat (constant rotation around one axis, 60 rpm) or in a random positioning machine, that means rotating around two axes, whose velocity and direction were chosen at random...
2017: NPJ Microgravity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649473/focus-expansion-and-stability-of-the-spread-parameter-estimate-of-the-power-law-model-for-dispersal-gradients
#14
Peter S Ojiambo, David H Gent, Lucky K Mehra, David Christie, Roger Magarey
Empirical and mechanistic modeling indicate that pathogens transmitted via aerially dispersed inoculum follow a power law, resulting in dispersive epidemic waves. The spread parameter (b) of the power law model, which is an indicator of the distance of the epidemic wave front from an initial focus per unit time, has been found to be approximately 2 for several animal and plant diseases over a wide range of spatial scales under conditions favorable for disease spread. Although disease spread and epidemic expansion can be influenced by several factors, the stability of the parameter b over multiple epidemic years has not been determined...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649354/the-role-of-landscape-characteristics-for-forage-maturation-and-nutritional-benefits-of-migration-in-red-deer
#15
Atle Mysterud, Brit Karen Vike, Erling L Meisingset, Inger Maren Rivrud
Large herbivores gain nutritional benefits from following the sequential flush of newly emergent, high-quality forage along environmental gradients in the landscape, termed green wave surfing. Which landscape characteristics underlie the environmental gradient causing the green wave and to what extent landscape characteristics alone explain individual variation in nutritional benefits remain unresolved questions. Here, we combine GPS data from 346 red deer (Cervus elaphus) from four partially migratory populations in Norway with the satellite-derived normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), an index of plant phenology...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649339/conservation-of-wildlife-populations-factoring-in-incremental-disturbance
#16
Abbie Stewart, Petr E Komers
Progressive anthropogenic disturbance can alter ecosystem organization potentially causing shifts from one stable state to another. This potential for ecosystem shifts must be considered when establishing targets and objectives for conservation. We ask whether a predator-prey system response to incremental anthropogenic disturbance might shift along a disturbance gradient and, if it does, whether any disturbance thresholds are evident for this system. Development of linear corridors in forested areas increases wolf predation effectiveness, while high density of development provides a safe-haven for their prey...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649204/effects-of-dietary-nitrate-supplementation-on-physiological-responses-cognitive-function-and-exercise-performance-at-moderate-and-very-high-simulated-altitude
#17
Oliver M Shannon, Lauren Duckworth, Matthew J Barlow, Kevin Deighton, Jamie Matu, Emily L Williams, David Woods, Long Xie, Blossom C M Stephan, Mario Siervo, John P O'Hara
Purpose: Nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability is reduced during acute altitude exposure, contributing toward the decline in physiological and cognitive function in this environment. This study evaluated the effects of nitrate ([Formula: see text]) supplementation on NO bioavailability, physiological and cognitive function, and exercise performance at moderate and very-high simulated altitude. Methods:Ten males (mean (SD): [Formula: see text]: 60.9 (10.1) ml·kg(-1)·min(-1)) rested and performed exercise twice at moderate (~14...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649146/a-predictive-framework-to-elucidate-venous-stenosis-cfd-shape-optimization
#18
S M Javid Mahmoudzadeh Akherat, Kevin Cassel, Michael Boghosian, Mary Hammes, Fredric Coe
The surgical creation of vascular accesses for renal failure patients provides an abnormally high flow rate conduit in the patient's upper arm vasculature that facilitates the hemodialysis treatment. These vascular accesses, however, are very often associated with complications that lead to access failure and thrombotic incidents, mainly due to excessive neointimal hyperplasia (NH) and subsequently stenosis. Development of a framework to monitor and predict the evolution of the venous system post access creation can greatly contribute to maintaining access patency...
July 1, 2017: Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649066/simultaneous-determination-and-pharmacokinetics-of-eight-ginsenosides-by-lc-ms-ms-after-intravenously-infusion-of-shenmai-injection-in-dogs
#19
Jian Yu, Li-Qiang Gu, Yan-Fei Xin, Hai-Yan Gao, Xiao-Zhen Xu, Sheng Zhang, Guo-Liang Zhou, Zhen-Qiang You, Li-Ru Huo, Yao-Xian Xuan
SHENMAI injection, a prescription comprised of Panax ginseng and Ophiopogon japonicas, is being extensively applied in the field of cardio-protection and immune-modulation in China. Ginsenosides are the main active components in SHENMAI injection. In order to capture and analyze the pharmacokinetic profile of major ginsenosides of SHENMAI injection in Beagle dogs, liquid chromatography equipped with electro-spray ionization and tandem mass spectrometry method was applied in simultaneous determination for protopanaxatriol type ginsenoside (Re, Rf, Rg1), protopanaxadiol type ginsenoside (Rb2, Rb1, Rd, Rc) and oleanolic acid type ginsenoside (Ro)...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649028/the-optimization-and-establishment-of-quechers-uplc-ms-ms-method-for-simultaneously-detecting-various-kinds-of-pesticides-residues-in-fruits-and-vegetables
#20
REVIEW
Zhan Xiu-Ping, Ma Lin, Huang Lan-Qi, Chen Jian-Bo, Zhao Li
OBJECTIVES: The quality safety supervision and test of agricultural products urgently need a very excellent analytical method with simultaneously detecting many components in order to assess, prevent and control pesticide residues. METHODS: In this research, three fruits and three vegetables produced in Shanghai were selected as the materials, 54 pesticide residues were detected with the ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (UPLC-MS/MS) method on the basis of optimized QuEChERS method according to different materials properties...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
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