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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138219/developing-a-tool-for-observing-group-critical-thinking-skills-in-first-year-medical-students-a-pilot-study-using-physiology-based-high-fidelity-patient-simulations
#1
Khoa Nguyen, Bertha Ben Khallouq, Amanda Schuster, Christopher Beevers, Nyla Dil, Denise Kay, Jonathan D Kibble, David M Harris
Most assessments of physiology in medical school use multiple choice tests that may not provide information about a student's critical thinking (CT) process. There are limited performance assessments, but high-fidelity patient simulations (HFPS) may be a feasible platform. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether a group's CT process could be observed over a series of HFPS. An instrument [Critical Thinking Skills Rating Instrument CTSRI)] was designed with the IDEAS framework. Fifteen groups of students participated in three HFPS that consisted of a basic knowledge quiz and introduction, HFPS session, and debriefing...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993390/thermal-clothing-to-reduce-heart-failure-morbidity-during-winter-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Adrian Gerard Barnett, Ian Stewart, Andrea Beevers, John F Fraser, David Platts
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether providing thermal clothing improved the health of patients with heart failure during winter. DESIGN: Parallel group randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Large public hospital in Brisbane during winter 2016. PARTICIPANTS: 91 patients with systolic or diastolic heart failure who were over 50 years old. INTERVENTION: 47 patients were randomised to receive thermal clothes (socks, top and hat) and 44 received usual care...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893596/sustained-engagement-of-attention-is-associated-with-increased-negative-self-referent-processing-in-major-depressive-disorder
#3
Justin Dainer-Best, Logan T Trujillo, David M Schnyer, Christopher G Beevers
This study investigated the link between self-reference and attentional engagement in adults with (n=22) and without (HC; n=24) Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded while participants completed the Self-Referent Encoding Task (SRET). MDD participants endorsed significantly fewer positive words and more negative words as self-descriptive than HC participants. A whole-scalp data analysis technique revealed that the MDD participants had larger difference wave (negative words minus positive words) ERP amplitudes from 380 to 1000ms across posterior sites, which positively correlated with number of negative words endorsed...
October 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829265/interconnectedness-and-interdependence-challenges-for-public-health-ethics
#4
Jonathan Beever, Nicolae Morar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758273/assessment-of-computed-tomography-derived-cricoid-cartilage-and-tracheal-dimensions-to-evaluate-degree-of-cricoid-narrowing-in-brachycephalic-dogs
#5
Lynda Rutherford, Lee Beever, Mieghan Bruce, Gert Ter Haar
The aims of this observational, analytical, retrospective study were to (i) obtain computed tomographic (CT) cricoid dimensions (height, width, and transverse-sectional area), (ii) compare the cricoid dimensions between brachycephalic and mesaticephalic breeds, and (iii) compare cricoid cartilage dimensions between dogs without and affected with brachycephalic airway syndrome. The study is important to help to further evaluate and understand the anatomical components of brachycephalic airway syndrome. Measurements were performed in 147 brachycephalic and 59 mesaticephalic dogs...
July 30, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748262/erratum-to-notomelia-and-related-neural-tube-defects-in-a-baby-born-in-niger-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
A B Kelani, H Moumouni, A W Issa, H Younsaa, Hmu Fokou, R Sani, S Sanoussi, L J Denholm, J E Beever, M Catala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689993/mapt-genetic-variation-and-neuronal-maturity-alter-isoform-expression-affecting-axonal-transport-in-ipsc-derived-dopamine-neurons
#7
Joel E Beevers, Mang Ching Lai, Emma Collins, Heather D E Booth, Federico Zambon, Laura Parkkinen, Jane Vowles, Sally A Cowley, Richard Wade-Martins, Tara M Caffrey
The H1 haplotype of the microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) locus is genetically associated with neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD), and affects gene expression and splicing. However, the functional impact on neurons of such expression differences has yet to be fully elucidated. Here, we employ extended maturation phases during differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) into mature dopaminergic neuronal cultures to obtain cultures expressing all six adult tau protein isoforms...
August 8, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622157/predictors-of-5-year-outcomes-in-malignant-phase-hypertension-the-west-birmingham-malignant-hypertension-registry
#8
Alena Shantsila, Eduard Shantsila, D Gareth Beevers, Gregory Y H Lip
OBJECTIVE: Malignant hypertension represents a high-risk condition and there are scarce data on current clinical patterns of this condition. The aim of the study is to identify the clinical and demographic factors associated with poor outcome. METHODS: The data collected from 1958 to May 2016 included a total of 351 patients whose 5-year survival status was known: 221 white Caucasians (63%, age 51 ± 13 years, 64% male), 83 African-Caribbeans (24%, 45 ± 11 years, 61% male), and 47 South Asians (13%, 42 ± 11 years, 74% male)...
November 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592224/postoperative-complications-associated-with-external-skeletal-fixators-in-cats
#9
Lee Beever, Kirsty Giles, Richard Meeson
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to quantify complications associated with external skeletal fixators (ESFs) in cats and to identify potential risk factors. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records and radiographs following ESF placement was performed. RESULTS: Case records of 140 cats were reviewed; fixator-associated complications (FACs) occurred in 19% of cats. The region of ESF placement was significantly associated with complication development...
July 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521758/genome-wide-association-study-for-feed-efficiency-and-growth-traits-in-u-s-beef-cattle
#10
Christopher M Seabury, David L Oldeschulte, Mahdi Saatchi, Jonathan E Beever, Jared E Decker, Yvette A Halley, Eric K Bhattarai, Maral Molaei, Harvey C Freetly, Stephanie L Hansen, Helen Yampara-Iquise, Kristen A Johnson, Monty S Kerley, JaeWoo Kim, Daniel D Loy, Elisa Marques, Holly L Neibergs, Robert D Schnabel, Daniel W Shike, Matthew L Spangler, Robert L Weaber, Dorian J Garrick, Jeremy F Taylor
BACKGROUND: Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays for domestic cattle have catalyzed the identification of genetic markers associated with complex traits for inclusion in modern breeding and selection programs. Using actual and imputed Illumina 778K genotypes for 3887 U.S. beef cattle from 3 populations (Angus, Hereford, SimAngus), we performed genome-wide association analyses for feed efficiency and growth traits including average daily gain (ADG), dry matter intake (DMI), mid-test metabolic weight (MMWT), and residual feed intake (RFI), with marker-based heritability estimates produced for all traits and populations...
May 18, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443333/emulation-and-sensitivity-analysis-of-the-community-multiscale-air-quality-model-for-a-uk-ozone-pollution-episode
#11
Andrew V Beddows, Nutthida Kitwiroon, Martin L Williams, Sean D Beevers
Gaussian process emulation techniques have been used with the Community Multiscale Air Quality model, simulating the effects of input uncertainties on ozone and NO2 output, to allow robust global sensitivity analysis (SA). A screening process ranked the effect of perturbations in 223 inputs, isolating the 30 most influential from emissions, boundary conditions (BCs), and reaction rates. Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) simulations of a July 2006 ozone pollution episode in the UK were made with input values for these variables plus ozone dry deposition velocity chosen according to a 576 point Latin hypercube design...
June 6, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408613/air-pollution-and-the-incidence-of-ischaemic-and-haemorrhagic-stroke-in-the-south-london-stroke-register-a-case-cross-over-analysis
#12
B K Butland, R W Atkinson, S Crichton, B Barratt, S Beevers, A Spiridou, U Hoang, F J Kelly, C D Wolfe
BACKGROUND: Few European studies investigating associations between short-term exposure to air pollution and incident stroke have considered stroke subtypes. Using information from the South London Stroke Register for 2005-2012, we investigated associations between daily concentrations of gaseous and particulate air pollutants and incident stroke subtypes in an ethnically diverse area of London, UK. METHODS: Modelled daily pollutant concentrations based on a combination of measurements and dispersion modelling were linked at postcode level to incident stroke events stratified by haemorrhagic and ischaemic subtypes...
July 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388468/evaluating-the-diagnostic-utility-of-applying-a-machine-learning-algorithm-to-diffusion-tensor-mri-measures-in-individuals-with-major-depressive-disorder
#13
David M Schnyer, Peter C Clasen, Christopher Gonzalez, Christopher G Beevers
Using MRI to diagnose mental disorders has been a long-term goal. Despite this, the vast majority of prior neuroimaging work has been descriptive rather than predictive. The current study applies support vector machine (SVM) learning to MRI measures of brain white matter to classify adults with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and healthy controls. In a precisely matched group of individuals with MDD (n =25) and healthy controls (n =25), SVM learning accurately (74%) classified patients and controls across a brain map of white matter fractional anisotropy values (FA)...
June 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343432/cognitive-and-affective-remediation-training-for-mood-disorders
#14
Richard J Porter, Åsa Hammar, Christopher G Beevers, Christopher R Bowie, Øystein O Nodtvedt, Andrew D Peckham, Greg J Siegle, Jordan A Tharp, Torill Ueland, Sophia Vinogradov, Sheri L Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342846/new-studies-on-the-in%C3%A2-vitro-genotoxicity-of-sodium-molybdate-and-their-impact-on-the-overall-assessment-of-the-genotoxicity-of-molybdenum-substances
#15
Arne Burzlaff, Carol Beevers, Helen Pearce, Melvyn Lloyd, Kevin Klipsch
The potential of molybdenum substances to cause genotoxic effects has been studied previously. However, a review of existing in vitro data, including an assessment of relevance and reliability, has shown that inconsistent results have been observed in the past. To resolve the inconsistencies, new studies were performed with the highly soluble sodium molybdate dihydrate according to OECD test guidelines. In a bacterial reverse mutation assay sodium molybdate dihydrate did not induce reverse mutations in five strains of Salmonella typhimurium...
March 23, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320342/enhanced-recovery-after-elective-caesarean-a-rapid-review-of-clinical-protocols-and-an-umbrella-review-of-systematic-reviews
#16
Ellena Corso, Daniel Hind, Daniel Beever, Gordon Fuller, Matthew J Wilson, Ian J Wrench, Duncan Chambers
BACKGROUND: The rate of elective Caesarean Section (CS) is rising in many countries. Many obstetric units in the UK have either introduced or are planning to introduce enhanced recovery (ER) as a means of reducing length of stay for planned CS. However, to date there has been very little evidence produced regarding the necessary components of ER for the obstetric population. We conducted a rapid review of the composition of published ER pathways for elective CS and undertook an umbrella review of systematic reviews evaluating ER components and pathways in any surgical setting...
March 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316879/a-preliminary-study-of-genetic-variation-in-the-dopaminergic-and-serotonergic-systems-and-genome-wide-additive-genetic-effects-on-depression-severity-and-treatment-response
#17
Rohan H C Palmer, Christopher G Beevers, John E McGeary, Leslie A Brick, Valerie S Knopik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230390/effectiveness-of-an-internet-intervention-deprexis-for-depression-in-a-united-states-adult-sample-a-parallel-group-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Christopher G Beevers, Rahel Pearson, James S Hoffman, A Alban Foulser, Jason Shumake, Björn Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of an Internet intervention for depression with a randomized, controlled trial in a large sample of adults recruited from the United States. METHOD: The current study examines the effectiveness of Deprexis, an Internet treatment for depression that was provided with relatively minimal support. There were 376 treatment-seeking adults (mean age = 32 years; 74% female; 77% Caucasian, 7% Asian, 7% multiple races, 4% African American, and 11% Hispanic/Latino) with elevated depression (Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptoms-Self-Report [QIDS-SR] > = 10) who were randomized to receive an 8-week course of treatment immediately (n = 285) or after an 8-week delay (n = 91; i...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062790/advice-and-guidance-on-flexible-working
#19
(no author information available yet)
Paul Beevers is from Legal Assistance Direct, which provides a free legal helpline to BVA members. Here, he discusses flexible working.
January 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902732/predictors-of-current-and-longer-term-patterns-of-abundance-of-american-pikas-ochotona-princeps-across-a-leading-edge-protected-area
#20
Lucas Moyer-Horner, Erik A Beever, Douglas H Johnson, Mark Biel, Jami Belt
American pikas (Ochotona princeps) have been heralded as indicators of montane-mammal response to contemporary climate change. Pikas no longer occupy the driest and lowest-elevation sites in numerous parts of their geographic range. Conversely, pikas have exhibited higher rates of occupancy and persistence in Rocky Mountain and Sierra Nevada montane 'mainlands'. Research and monitoring efforts on pikas across the western USA have collectively shown the nuance and complexity with which climate will often act on species in diverse topographic and climatic contexts...
2016: PloS One
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