keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Salter

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334801/a-systematic-review-of-the-physical-activity-assessment-tools-used-in-primary-care
#1
Toby O Smith, Máire C McKenna, Charlotte Salter, Wendy Hardeman, Kathryn Richardson, Melvyn Hillsdon, Carly A Hughes, Nicholas Steel, Andy P Jones
Background.: Primary care is an ideal setting for physical activity interventions to prevent and manage common long-term conditions. To identify those who can benefit from such interventions and to deliver tailored support, primary care professionals (e.g. GPs, practice nurses, physiotherapists, health care assistants) need reliable and valid tools to assess physical activity. However, there is uncertainty about the best-performing tool. Objective.: To identify the tools used in the literature to assess the physical activity in primary care and describe their psychometric properties...
February 21, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323542/organized-abuse-in-adulthood-survivor-and-professional-perspectives
#2
Michael Salter
This paper reports on the preliminary findings of a qualitative study of Australian women disclosing organized abuse in adulthood and the mental health professionals who treat them. Drawing on interviews with survivors and mental health professionals, the paper analyses the fraught relationship between mental health and physical safety for adults subject to organized abuse. The therapeutic progress of adult organized abuse victims can be disrupted by ongoing threats, stalking, and group violence, which in turn reinforces the dissociative responses and pathological attachments that render them vulnerable to revictimization...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320058/regional-differences-between-perisynovial-and-infrapatellar-adipose-tissue-depots-and-their-response-to-class-ii-and-iii-obesity-in-patients-with-oa
#3
Natalia S Harasymowicz, Nick D Clement, Asim Azfer, Richard Burnett, Donald M Salter, A Hamish W R Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing Osteoarthritis (OA), which is postulated to be secondary to inflammation from adipose tissue (AT). There are peri-articular adipose depots in synovial joints, the association of this tissue with OA has not been extensively explored. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in local AT depots in knees with OA and changes related to class II and III obesity. METHODS: Synovium and the infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) were collected during total knee replacement from 69 patients with end-stage OA...
March 20, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300049/type-i-monteggia-with-ipsilateral-fracture-of-distal-radius-epiphyseal-injury-a-rare-case-report
#4
Gaurav Mundada, Sohael Mohammed Khan, Shraddha K Singhania, Varun Gupta, Pradeep K Singh, Saherish Khan
Simultaneous Monteggia injuries of the elbow and ipsilateral fracture distal radius with epiphyseal injury both bone are a unique case. A unique case of a Type I Monteggia fracture equivalent with ipsilateral fracture distal radius with epiphyseal injury (Salter-Harris Type II) in a child is reported. We describe the management of this unique fracture and discuss the possible mechanism of injury. We have highlighted a rare combination of injuries. Early recognition and prompt surgical intervention can lead to a satisfactory outcome even in these complex injuries...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299936/development-of-decarboxylative-cyanation-reactions-for-c-13-c-14-carboxylic-acid-labeling-using-an-electrophilic-cyanating-reagent
#5
Fengbin Song, Rhys Salter, Lu Chen
Degradation-reconstruction approaches for isotope labeling synthesis have been known for their remarkable efficiency, but applications are scarce due to some fundamental limitations of the chemistries developed to date. The decarboxylative cyanation reaction, as a degradation-reconstruction approach, is especially useful in rapid carboxylic acid carbon isotope labeling, however development toward its application as a widespread technique has stalled at the early stages due to numerous limitations which include somewhat narrow applicability...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298551/high-hypothetical-interest-in-physician-assisted-death-in-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Ruth Ann Marrie, Amber Salter, Tuula Tyry, Gary R Cutter, Stacey Cofield, Robert J Fox
OBJECTIVE: To assess the opinions of persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) regarding physician-assisted death (PAD). METHODS: We surveyed participants in the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) Registry regarding PAD. For each of 5 hypothetical situations, respondents indicated whether they definitely would, probably would, probably would not, or definitely would not consider PAD. They also reported their sociodemographics, disability status using Patient-Determined Disease Steps, depression status, pain status, religiosity, and degree of social support...
March 15, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297331/comparison-of-surface-matching-and-target-matching-for-image-guided-pelvic-radiation-therapy-for-both-supine-and-prone-patient-positions
#7
Hui Zhao, Brian Wang, Vikren Sarkar, Prema Rassiah-Szegedi, Y Jessica Huang, Martin Szegedi, Long Huang, Victor Gonzalez, Bill Salter
We investigate the difference between surface matching and target matching for pelvic radiation image guidance. The uniqueness of our study is that all patients have multiple CT-on-rails (CTOR) scans to compare to corresponding AlignRT images. Ten patients receiving pelvic radiation were enrolled in this study. Two simulation CT scans were performed in supine and prone positions for each patient. Body surface contours were generated in treatment planning system and exported to AlignRT to serve as reference images...
May 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274407/comparison-of-2-transabdominal-ultrasound-image-guidance-techniques-for-prostate-and-prostatic-fossa-radiation-therapy
#8
Bill J Salter, Martin Szegedi, Christine Boehm, Vikren Sarkar, Prema Rassiah-Szegedi, Brian Wang, Hui Zhao, Jessica Huang, Long Huang, Kris Kokeny, Jonathan D Tward
PURPOSE: Our clinic is a long-term user of a first-generation transabdominal (TA) biplanar (2.5-dimensional [2.5D]) ultrasound image guidance (USIG) system for prostate cancer treatments. We are also an early adopter and development partner for a new, second-generation, fully 3D USIG system that allows for volumetric TA localization of the prostate. This new system has been evaluated at our institution by direct comparison with the previously established first-generation TA method for prostate alignment...
March 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274070/a-rare-case-report-of-spindle-cell-ameloblastic-carcinoma-involving-the-mandible
#9
Mohammad Asif Kiresur, Arunodaya Kunche, Anuradha Ananthaneni, Bhavana S Bagalad, Puneeth Horatti Kuberappa
Ameloblastic Carcinoma (AC) is uncommon malignant epithelial odontogenic tumour of jaw, with characteristic histologic features and behavior. Clinically, it has aggressive, infiltrative growth pattern with a distinct predilection for mandible. It exhibits histologic features of ameloblastoma and gets dedifferentiated overtime to culminate in carcinoma. Majority of the cases arise denovo (primary) and only few cases arise from a pre-existing ameloblastoma (secondary). Spindle-cell differentiation in ameloblastic carcinoma is rare; Salter described it as a separate entity "low-grade spindle cell ameloblastic carcinoma...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273456/circulating-nod1-activators-and-hematopoietic-nod1-contribute-to-metabolic-inflammation-and-insulin-resistance
#10
Kenny L Chan, Theresa H Tam, Parastoo Boroumand, David Prescott, Sheila R Costford, Nichole K Escalante, Noah Fine, YuShan Tu, Susan J Robertson, Dilshaayee Prabaharan, Zhi Liu, Philip J Bilan, Michael W Salter, Michael Glogauer, Stephen E Girardin, Dana J Philpott, Amira Klip
Insulin resistance is a chronic inflammatory condition accompanying obesity or high fat diets that leads to type 2 diabetes. It is hypothesized that lipids and gut bacterial compounds in particular contribute to metabolic inflammation by activating the immune system; however, the receptors detecting these "instigators" of inflammation remain largely undefined. Here, we show that circulating activators of NOD1, a receptor for bacterial peptidoglycan, increase with high fat feeding in mice, suggesting that NOD1 could be a critical sensor leading to metabolic inflammation...
March 7, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270169/molecules-in-pain-and-sex-a-developing-story
#11
REVIEW
Josiane C S Mapplebeck, Simon Beggs, Michael W Salter
Microglia are dynamic immune cells with diverse roles in maintaining homeostasis of the central nervous system. Dysregulation of microglia has been critically implicated in the genesis of neuropathic pain. Peripheral nerve injury, a common cause of neuropathic pain, engages microglia-neuronal signalling which causes disinhibition and facilitated excitation of spinal nociceptive pathways. However, recent literature indicates that the role of microglia in neuropathic pain is sexually dimorphic, and that female pain processing appears to be independent of microglia, depending rather on T cells...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242024/enhancement-of-macrophage-inflammatory-responses-by-ccl2-is-correlated-with-increased-mir-9-expression-and-downregulation-of-the-erk1-2-phosphatase-dusp6
#12
William F Carson, Sarah E Salter-Green, Melissa M Scola, Amrita Joshi, Katherine A Gallagher, Steven L Kunkel
Macrophage polarization plays a central role in both protective immunity and immunopathology. While the role of cytokines in driving macrophage polarization is well characterized, less is understood about the role of chemokines. The purpose of this study was to determine if CC chemokine 2 (CCL2/MCP1) could influence macrophage polarization in response to subsequent activation with cytokines and microbial products. Treatment of bone marrow-derived macrophages with CCL2 alone did not result in increased expression of either classical or alternatively-activated macrophage genes as compared to standard skewing cytokines or Toll-like receptor agonists...
February 22, 2017: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222826/fetal-and-neonatal-exposure-to-trans-fatty-acids-impacts-on-susceptibility-to-atherosclerosis-in-apo-e-3-leiden-mice
#13
Louise Gates, Simon C Langley-Evans, Jana Kraft, Adam L Lock, Andrew M Salter
Nutrition during pregnancy can impact on the susceptibility of the offspring to CVD. Postnatal consumption of trans-fatty acids (TFA), associated with partially hydrogenated vegetable oil (PHVO), increases the risk of atherosclerosis, whereas evidence for those TFA associated with ruminant-derived dairy products and meat remain equivocal. In this study, we investigate the impact of maternal consumption of dietary PHVO (P) and ruminant milk fat (R) on the development of atherosclerosis in their offspring, using the transgenic apoE*3 Leiden mouse...
February 22, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215878/neuroactive-steroids-and-ptsd-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Ann M Rasmusson, Christine E Marx, Suzanne L Pineles, Andrea Locci, Erica R Scioli-Salter, Yael I Nillni, Jennifer J Liang, Graziano Pinna
This review highlights early efforts to translate pre-clinical and clinical findings regarding the role of neuroactive steroids in stress adaptation and PTSD into new therapeutics for PTSD. Numerous studies have demonstrated PTSD-related alterations in resting levels or the reactivity of neuroactive steroids and their targets. These studies also have demonstrated substantial variability in the dysfunction of specific neuroactive steroid systems among PTSD subpopulations. These variabilities have been related to the developmental timing of trauma, severity and type of trauma, genetic background, sex, reproductive state, lifestyle influences such as substance use and exercise, and the presence of comorbid conditions such as depression and chronic pain...
February 12, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214061/open-physeal-fracture-of-the-distal-phalanx-of-the-hallux-case-study-diagnosis-and-management
#15
Brandon Morris, Scott Mullen, Paul Schroeppel, Bryan Vopat
Open physeal fractures of the distal phalanx of the hallux are the lesser described counterpart to the same fracture of the finger, known by its eponym as a "Seymour fracture". Displaced Salter-Harris phalangeal fractures present with a concomitant nailbed or soft tissue injury. Often these fractures occur in the summer months when open-toe footwear can be worn, however, they may occur indoors as well. Frequently, the injury results from direct axial load of the toe, or "stubbing", which causes the fracture and associated soft tissue injury...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213181/asthmatic-subjects-with-allergy-have-elevated-levels-of-ige-b-cells-in-the-airways
#16
John-Paul Oliveria, Brittany M Salter, Stephanie Phan, Caitlin D Obminski, Caroline E Munoz, Steven G Smith, Tara Scime, Rick M Watson, Roma Sehmi, Gail M Gauvreau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206647/fasiglifam-tak-875-mechanistic-investigation-and-retrospective-identification-of-hazards-for-drug-induced-liver-injury-dili
#17
Monicah A Otieno, Jan Snoeys, Wing Lam, Avi Ghosh, Mark R Player, Alessandro Pocai, Rhys Salter, Damir Simic, Hollie Skaggs, Bhanu Singh, Lim Heng-Keang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202953/fully-human-cd19-specific-chimeric-antigen-receptors-for-t-cell-therapy
#18
D Sommermeyer, T Hill, S M Shamah, A I Salter, Y Chen, K M Mohler, S R Riddell
Impressive results have been achieved by adoptively transferring T-cells expressing CD19-specific CARs with binding domains from murine mAbs to treat B-cell malignancies. T-cell mediated immune responses specific for peptides from the murine scFv antigen-binding domain of the CAR can develop in patients and result in premature elimination of CAR T-cells increasing the risk of tumor relapse. As fully human scFv might reduce immunogenicity, we generated CD19-specific human scFvs with similar binding characteristics as the murine FMC63-derived scFv using human Ab/DNA libraries...
March 21, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199046/bone-regeneration-in-a-rabbit-critical-femoral-defect-by-means-of-magnetic-hydroxyapatite-macroporous-scaffolds
#19
A Russo, M Bianchi, M Sartori, M Boi, G Giavaresi, D M Salter, M Jelic, M C Maltarello, A Ortolani, S Sprio, M Fini, A Tampieri, M Marcacci
Magnetic scaffolds have recently attracted significant attention in tissue engineering due to the prospect of improving bone tissue formation by conveying soluble factors such as growth factors, hormones, and polypeptides directly to the site of implantation, as well as to the possibility of improving implant fixation and stability. The objective of this study was to compare bone tissue formation in a preclinical rabbit model of critical femoral defect treated either with a hydroxyapatite (HA)/magnetite (90/10 wt %) or pure HA porous scaffolds at 4 and 12 weeks after implantation...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198550/birth-injuries-to-growth-plates-a-sheep-in-wolves-clothing
#20
Jerrin Varghese, Matthew Teng, Mingqian Huang, Dvorah Balsam
Growth plate injuries (Salter-Harris type 1 or physeal fractures) of the long bones in the newborn are easily misdiagnosed as joint fractures with dislocations due to their nonossified epiphyses on plain radiographs. Diagnosis with musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) is advantageous due to its ability to visualize the nonossified epiphysis. We present two cases of humeral growth plate fractures in newborns, one at the shoulder (proximal humerus) and the other at the elbow (distal humerus). These cases emphasize the importance of quick and noninvasive diagnosis with US to avoid unnecessary intervention...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
keyword
keyword
66567
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"