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Mri and prostate biopsy

Bernardo Rocco, Luca Boeri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: BJU International
J Cohen, C Andre, P Mozer
Prostate cancer is the first cancer and the second cause of cancer death in men in France. It is now a major public health issue, particularly given the increase of life expectancy. If screening is based on blood PSA and clinical examination (DRE), diagnosis requires the histological analysis of prostate samples. In current clinical routine, these biopsies are performed by endorectal through ultrasound guidance. In most cases, the cancer is not visible in the ultrasound image and the latter is used to make a dozen samples (or core), distributed as best as possible in the prostate...
October 14, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
V J Gnanapragasam, K Burling, A George, S Stearn, A Warren, T Barrett, B Koo, F A Gallagher, A Doble, C Kastner, R A Parker
Both multi-parametric MRI (mpMRI) and the Prostate Health Index (PHI) have shown promise in predicting a positive biopsy in men with suspected prostate cancer. Here we investigated the value of combining both tests in men requiring a repeat biopsy. PHI scores were measured in men undergoing re-biopsy with an mpMRI image-guided transperineal approach (n = 279, 94 with negative mpMRIs). The PHI was assessed for ability to add value to mpMRI in predicting all or only significant cancers (Gleason ≥7). In this study adding PHI to mpMRI improved overall and significant cancer prediction (AUC 0...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
Zhao-Yan Feng, Liang Wang, Xiang-De Min, Shao-Gang Wang, Guo-Ping Wang, Jie Cai
BACKGROUND: Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) is a globally acceptable standardization for multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) in prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis. The American College of Radiology revised the PI-RADS to address the limitations of version 1 in December 2014. This study aimed to determine whether the PI-RADS version 2 (PI-RADS v2) scoring system improves the diagnostic accuracy of mp-MRI of the prostate compared with PI-RADS v1. METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Akhil Muthigi, Abhinav Sidana, Arvin K George, Michael Kongnyuy, Mahir Maruf, Subin Valayil, Bradford J Wood, Peter A Pinto
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance (MR) -targeted biopsy have a growing role in the screening and evaluation of prostate cancer. We aim to evaluate the current knowledge, attitude, and practice patterns of urologists regarding this new technique. METHODS: An anonymous online questionnaire was designed to collect information on urologists' beliefs and use of prostate multiparametric MRI and MR-targeted biopsy...
October 12, 2016: Urologic Oncology
P De Visschere, N Lumen, P Ost, K Decaestecker, E Pattyn, G Villeirs
AIM: To determine the added value of dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging (DCE) over T2-weighted imaging (T2-WI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPC) in patients with elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Two hundred and forty-five patients with elevated PSA underwent multiparametric (mp) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the prostate before biopsy. mpMRI was performed using a 3 T MRI system without an endorectal coil...
October 7, 2016: Clinical Radiology
Louisa G Gordon, Robbie James, Haitham W Tuffaha, Anthony Lowe, John Yaxley
PURPOSE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) to diagnose prostate cancer and direct all low-risk patients into active surveillance (AS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Markov cohort model was developed to assess three scenarios: 1) no mpMRI and current AS; 2) mpMRI and current AS; and 3) mpMRI and increased AS. Men were tracked from diagnosis to end-of-life. Estimates to populate the model were derived from systematic reviews, meta-analyses, epidemiological publications, and national cost reports...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Tonye A Jones, Shyam Natarajan, Alan M Priester, Leonard S Marks
Herein, we describe a case of a 63-year-old male who underwent MRI-guided biopsy of a suspicious lesion in the prostate followed by focal laser ablation. Radical prostatectomy was performed 15 months following focal laser ablation for persistent cancer adjacent to the treatment zone. We provide images from the initial MRI, post-ablation MRI, and the whole-mount radical prostatectomy specimen. The present case demonstrates the confined, localized effect of focal laser ablation, and also illustrates the advantage of expanded treatment margins...
October 6, 2016: Urology
Liza Lindenberg, Mark Ahlman, Baris Turkbey, Esther Mena, Peter Choyke
In the ongoing effort to understand and cure prostate cancer, imaging modalities are constantly evolving to assist in clinical decisions. Multiparametric MRI can be used to direct prostate biopsies, improve diagnostic yield, and help clinicians make more accurate decisions. PET is superior in providing biologic information about the cancer and is sensitive and highly specific. Integrated PET/MRI is a welcome technical advance with great potential to influence the diagnosis and management of prostate cancer in clinical practice...
October 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Wei Phin Tan, Andrew Mazzone, Stephanie Shors, Nency Antoine, Shahid Ekbal, Narendra Khare, Charles McKiel, Dennis Pessis, Leslie Deane
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) score was developed to evaluate lesions in the peripheral and transition zone on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate. We aim to determine if the PI-RADS scoring system can be used to evaluate central zone lesions on mpMRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 73 patients who underwent mpMRI/ultrasound (US) fusion-guided biopsy of 143 suspicious lesions between February 2014 and October 2015 was performed...
September 27, 2016: Urologic Oncology
X Wu, P Reinikainen, A Vanhanen, M Kapanen, T Vierikko, P Ryymin, S Hyödynmaa, P-L Kellokumpu-Lehtinen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) correlates with prostate cancer aggressiveness and further to compare the diagnostic performance of ADC and normalized ADC (nADC: normalized to non-tumor tissue). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty pre-treatment patients (mean age, 69years; range: 59-78years) with prostate cancer underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination, including DWI with three b values: 50, 400, and 800s/mm(2)...
September 26, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Z E Zhou, W G Yan, Y Zhou, Z G Ji, H Z Li
Prostate cancer is currently diagnosed by prostate biopsy performed by the transrectal ultrasound-guided technique. However, overdetection of clinical insignificant tumours and missed detection of clinical significant tumours have become problematic. MRI of the prostate, particularly if performed with multiparametric imaging, is capable of detecting clinical significant prostate cancer, which has brought the opportunity to use those images as targets for needle biopsy. Three methods of fusing MRI for targeted biopsy have been recently described: MRI-ultrasound fusion, MRI-MRI fusion ('in-bore' biopsy) and cognitive fusion...
October 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
M Haas, K Günzel, T Penzkofer, A Maxeiner, T Fischer, K Miller, B Hamm, P Asbach, H Cash
BACKGROUND: A revised version of the PI-RADS scoring system has been introduced and score-related variability between version 1 and 2 may be suspected. This study aimed to assess the PI-RADS scores derived from version 1 (v1) and the updated version 2 (v2). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 61 patients with biopsy-proven prostate cancer (PCa) and 90 lesions detected on pre-biopsy 3-Tesla multiparametric MRI were included in this retrospective analysis. 2 experienced radiologists scored all lesions in consensus...
September 2016: Aktuelle Urologie
Talisa Ross, Kamran Ahmed, Nicholas Raison, Ben Challacombe, Prokar Dasgupta
INTRODUCTION: Prostate specific antigen is a marker for prostate cancer and a key diagnostic tool, yet when to refer patients with a borderline PSA is currently unclear. This review describes how to assess a patient with borderline PSA and provides an algorithm for management. METHODS: Current literature on reference values, factors affecting PSA, indications for referral, non-invasive investigations and the role of MRI were reviewed. Medline and EMBASE were searched using MeSH terms...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Louise Dickinson, Hashim U Ahmed, Richard G Hindley, Neil McCartan, Alex Freeman, Clare Allen, Mark Emberton, Alex P Kirkham
INTRODUCTION: Focal therapy for localized prostate cancer has the potential for oncological control without the side effects of radical therapies. However, there is currently no validated method for monitoring treatment success. We assessed the diagnostic performance of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) parameters and MRI compared to histological outcomes following focal therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients from 3 Ethics Review Board approved prospective studies of focal high intensity-focused ultrasound (HIFU) (Sonablate 500) for localized prostate cancer (T1c-T3a, Gleason grade≤4+3, and PSA≤20)...
September 20, 2016: Urologic Oncology
Gustavo Cardoso Guimaraes, Walter Henriques da Costa, Renato Almeida Rosa, Stênio Zequi, Ricardo Favaretto
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the predictive value of TRIMprob test to detect prostate cancer (PCa) in patients referred to prostate biopsy (PB). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with PSA <10ng/mL and rectal exam without findings suggestive of prostate cancer were selected for TRIMprob evaluation. Exam was performed by a single operator through transperineal approach. Patients admitted for the study were submitted to TRIMprob and multiparametric mag¬netic resonance (mpMRI) and posteriorly to PB...
September 20, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Neil Mendhiratta, Samir S Taneja, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
Multiparametric MRI of the prostate demonstrates strong potential to address many limitations of traditional prostate cancer diagnosis and management strategies. Recent evidence supports roles for prostate MRI in prebiopsy risk stratification, guidance of targeted biopsy and preoperative disease staging. Prostate MRI may also assist the planning and follow-up of investigational partial gland ablative therapies. This article reviews the impact of prostate MRI on such diagnostic and therapeutic paradigms in contemporary prostate cancer management...
November 2016: Future Oncology
Nima Nassiri, Daniel J Margolis, Shyam Natarajan, Devi S Sharma, Jiaoti Huang, Frederick J Dorey, Leonard S Marks
PURPOSE: To determine rate of upgrading to Gleason score (GS) ≥ 4+3, using targeted biopsy for diagnosis and monitoring, in men undergoing active surveillance (AS) of prostate cancer (CaP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were all 259 men (196 with GS 3+3 and 63 with GS 3+4) who were diagnosed by MRI/US fusion-guided biopsy (2009-2015) and who underwent subsequent fusion biopsy for as long as 4 years of AS. Primary endpoint was discovery of GS ≥ 4+3 CaP. Follow-up biopsies included targeting of positive sites, which were tracked in an Artemis device...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Urology
Michelle R Downes, Eli Gibson, Jenna Sykes, Masoom Haider, Theo H van der Kwast, Aaron Ward
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine the relationship between T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal and histologic sub-patterns in prostate cancer areas with different Gleason grades. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR images of prostates (n = 25) were obtained prior to radical prostatectomy. These were processed as whole-mount specimens with tumors and the peripheral zone was annotated digitally by two pathologists. Gleason grade 3 was the most prevalent grade and was subdivided into packed, intermediate, and sparse based on gland-to-stroma ratio...
September 14, 2016: Academic Radiology
M J Scheltema, K J Tay, A W Postema, D M de Bruin, J Feller, J J Futterer, A K George, R T Gupta, F Kahmann, C Kastner, M P Laguna, S Natarajan, S Rais-Bahrami, A R Rastinehad, T M de Reijke, G Salomon, N Stone, R van Velthoven, R Villani, A Villers, J Walz, T J Polascik, J J M C H de la Rosette
PURPOSE: To codify the use of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) for the interrogation of prostate neoplasia (PCa) in clinical practice and focal therapy (FT). METHODS: An international collaborative consensus project was undertaken using the Delphi method among experts in the field of PCa. An online questionnaire was presented in three consecutive rounds and modified each round based on the comments provided by the experts. Subsequently, a face-to-face meeting was held to discuss and finalize the consensus results...
September 16, 2016: World Journal of Urology
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