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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816222/an-outlier-in-public-health-history-in-india-a-t-w-simeons-s-scheme-for-rural-medical-relief-kolhapur-1943-47
#1
Shubhada Pandya
It is customary to date provision of health services in rural India to the Report of the Bhore Committee (1946) and its descendants. It is presumed that in pre-Bhore India (the last half-century of the British era) the rural public health scenario was devoid of discerning commentators and practical effort. The presumption is misleading. Historical material shows that attempts, official and non-official, to improve rural environments and attend to the health problems of villagers were not wanting. Such efforts followed two main, sometimes intersecting, streams, namely sanitation and medical relief...
March 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812419/the-effects-of-exergaming-and-treadmill-training-on-gait-balance-and-cognition-in-a-person-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-case-study
#2
Srikant Vallabhajosula, Amy K McMillion, Jane E Freund
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) commonly impairs posture, gait, and cognition. Exercise in the form of aerobic activity as well as exergaming may improve motor ability and cognition in persons with PD. Exergaming and treadmill training can be a practical form of exercise within the home; however, there is minimal research on this combined multimodal intervention for persons with PD. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of this combined intervention on cognition, balance, and gait in a person with PD through supervised lab sessions augmented by home-based sessions...
August 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811842/the-effect-of-three-different-exercise-training-modalities-on-cognitive-and-physical-function-in-a-healthy-older-population
#3
Carla Coetsee, Elmarie Terblanche
BACKGROUND: Older adults are encouraged to participate in regular physical activity to counter the age-related declines in physical and cognitive health. Literature on the effect of different exercise training modalities (aerobic vs resistance) on these health-related outcomes is not only sparse, but results are inconsistent. In general, it is believed that exercise has a positive effect on executive cognitive function, possibly because of the physiological adaptations through increases in fitness...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806374/long-acting-reversible-contraception-among-homeless-women-veterans-with-chronic-health-conditions-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Lori M Gawron, Andrew Redd, Ying Suo, Warren Pettey, David K Turok, Adi V Gundlapalli
BACKGROUND: US women Veterans are at increased risk of homelessness and chronic health conditions associated with unintended pregnancy. Veterans Health Administration (VHA) provision of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) can assist in healthy pregnancy planning. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate perinatal risk factors and LARC exposure in ever-homeless women Veterans. RESEARCH DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of women Veterans using VHA administrative data from fiscal years 2002-2015...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800307/dynamic-trunk-muscle-endurance-profile-in-adolescents-aged-14-18-normative-values-for-age-and-gender-differences
#5
Manuel Moya-Ramón, Casto Juan-Recio, Diego Lopez-Plaza, Francisco Jose Vera-Garcia
BACKGROUND: The selection and validation of age- and gender-specific criterion-referenced cut-points for abdominal endurance are still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To stablish normative values for abdominal endurance in adolescents by age and gender using the Bench Trunk Curl-up Test (BTC). Additionally, the reliability of the BTC was analyzed. METHODS: Two hundred and sixteen untrained high school students (104 males - 112 females) were grouped into five age strata...
July 2, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797581/surviving-stress-modulation-of-atf4-mediated-stress-responses-in-normal-and-malignant-cells
#6
REVIEW
Inge M N Wortel, Laurens T van der Meer, Michael S Kilberg, Frank N van Leeuwen
Activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) is a stress-induced transcription factor that is frequently upregulated in cancer cells. ATF4 controls the expression of a wide range of adaptive genes that allow cells to endure periods of stress, such as hypoxia or amino acid limitation. However, under persistent stress conditions, ATF4 promotes the induction of apoptosis. Recent advances point to a role for post-translational modifications (PTMs) and epigenetic mechanisms in balancing these pro- and anti-survival effects of ATF4...
August 7, 2017: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796125/electromyographic-and-kinematic-analysis-of-the-flexion-rotation-trunk-test
#7
María P García-Vaquero, Ignacio Ruiz-Pérez, David Barbado, Francisco J Vera-Garcia
While most trunk endurance field protocols are performed in the sagittal or frontal planes, the flexion-rotation trunk (FRT) test combines trunk flexion with rotation, which may be relevant to rotation-related sports. The aim of this study was to describe the trunk and hip muscle activation and fatigue and the range of hip flexion of this test. Twenty-seven physically active males and females performed the FRT test after a period of practice. Electromyographic (EMG) signals were bilaterally collected from the rectus abdominis (RA), internal oblique (IO), and rectus femoris (RF), and hip flexion amplitude was measured using a biaxial electrogoniometer...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793147/comparing-public-safety-outcomes-for-traditional-probation-vs-specialty-mental-health-probation
#8
Jennifer L Skeem, Sarah Manchak, Lina Montoya
Importance: Probation is a cornerstone of efforts to reduce mass incarceration. Although it is understudied, specialty probation could improve outcomes for the overrepresented group of people with mental illness. Objective: To test whether specialty probation yields better public safety outcomes than traditional probation. Design, Setting, and Participants: A longitudinal observational study with group matching on age, sex, race/ethnicity, probation time, and offense at 2 urban agencies that exemplify specialty and traditional probation...
August 9, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768061/why-and-how-are-we-living-longer
#9
Thomas B L Kirkwood
What is the topic of this review? The reasons for the continuing increase in human life expectancy are examined in the light of progress in understanding the physiological basis of ageing. Prospects for further extending the health span - the period free of age-related disability and disease - are critically assessed. What advances does it highlight? No active programming directly causes ageing, which instead results as a side effect of how evolution optimises the physiological allocation of resources between growth, reproduction and maintenance...
August 2, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768045/examining-factors-that-influence-the-existence-of-heinrich-s-safety-triangle-using-site-specific-h-s-data-from-more-than-25-000-establishments
#10
Patrick L Yorio, Susan M Moore
In the 1930s, Heinrich established one of the most prominent and enduring accident prevention theories when he concluded that high severity occupational safety and health (OSH) incidents are preceded by numerous lower severity incidents and near misses. Seventy-five years of theory expansion/interpretation includes two fundamental tenets: (1) the ratio of lower to higher severity incidents exists in the form of a "safety-triangle" and (2) similar causes underlie both high and low severity events. Although used extensively to inform public policy and establishment-level health and safety priorities, recent research challenges the validity of the two tenets...
August 2, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767524/endurance-exercise-attenuates-postprandial-whole-body-leucine-balance-in-trained-men
#11
Michael Mazzulla, Justin T Parel, Joseph W Beals, Stephan van Vliet, Sidney Abou Sawan, Daniel W D West, Scott A Paluska, Alexander V Ulanov, Daniel R Moore, Nicholas A Burd
PURPOSE: Endurance exercise increases indices of small intestinal damage and leucine oxidation, which may attenuate dietary amino acid appearance and postprandial leucine balance during postexercise recovery. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the impact of an acute bout of endurance exercise on postprandial leucine kinetics and net leucine balance. METHODS: In a crossover design, seven trained young men (age = 25.6 ± 2.3 y; VO2peak = 61.4 ± 2...
July 31, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762231/-nursing-experience-applying-a-bereavement-counseling-model-on-an-elderly-patient-with-depression
#12
Hsu-Liang Huang, Chin-Hsing Yu
Grief counseling is an effective treatment for those who have experienced a loss. In this case study, therapeutic communication was used as part of a nursing intervention to assist an elderly patient with depression to overcome grief and continue with life. The stage-based Four Tasks of Mourning proposed by William Worden were employed. These tasks include: (1) accepting the reality of the loss; (2) working through the pain of grief; (3) adjusting to a new environment without the deceased; and (4) focusing attention on other relationships...
August 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758951/iron-supplementation-during-three-consecutive-days-of-endurance-training-augmented-hepcidin-levels
#13
Aya Ishibashi, Naho Maeda, Akiko Kamei, Kazushige Goto
Iron supplementation contributes an effort to improving iron status among athletes, but it does not always prevent iron deficiency. In the present study, we explored the effect of three consecutive days of endurance training (twice daily) on the hepcidin-25 (hepcidin) level. The effect of iron supplementation during this period was also determined. Fourteen male endurance athletes were enrolled and randomly assigned to either an iron-treated condition (Fe condition, n = 7) or a placebo condition (Control condition; CON, n = 7)...
July 30, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744051/effects-of-endurance-exercise-and-half-bath-on-body-composition-cardiorespiratory-system-and-arterial-pulse-wave-velocity-in-men-with-intellectual-disabilities
#14
Seung-Suk Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of endurance exercise and half-bath on body composition, cardiorespiratory system, and arterial pulse wave velocity of men with intellectual disabilities. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-four men with intellectual disabilities, but capable of learning, were randomly assigned to aerobic exercise (N=8), half-bath (N=8), or control (N=8) treatment groups. Over the 12-week treatment period, the aerobic exercise group did treadmill and stationary bicycle...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738668/study-of-effects-of-multimodal-exercise-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-health-perception-in-community-living-hungarian-older-adults
#15
Anikó Virág, Izabella Harkányi, Csilla K Karóczi, Zsolt Vass, Éva Kovács
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects on fitness indicators and subjective health-perception of a multimodal exercise programme provided by a district in Budapest among community-living seniors. METHODS: Sixty community-living older adults aged over 60 years formed beginner group (who were at the beginning of the exercise programme), advanced group (who had been in the programme for 3-6 months), active group (who had been participating in the exercise programme for at least 6 months, in addition to Nordic Walking programme) and a physically inactive control group...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737609/the-effects-of-supplementary-low-load-blood-flow-restriction-training-on-morphological-and-performance-based-adaptations-in-team-sport-athletes
#16
Brendan R Scott, Jeremiah J Peiffer, Paul S R Goods
Scott, BR, Peiffer, JJ, and Goods, PSR. The effects of supplementary low-load blood flow restriction training on morphological and performance-based adaptations in team sport athletes. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2147-2154, 2017-Low-load resistance training with blood flow restriction (BFR) may be a method to enhance muscular development even in trained athletes. This study aimed to assess whether supplemental low-load BFR training can improve muscle size, strength, and physical performance characteristics in team sport athletes...
August 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732783/future-trends-in-the-treatment-of-meticillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-infection-an-in-depth-review-of-newer-antibiotics-active-against-an-enduring-pathogen
#17
REVIEW
A M Bal, M Z David, J Garau, T Gottlieb, T Mazzei, F Scaglione, P Tattevin, I M Gould
Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) continues to be a major public health problem. Vancomycin and teicoplanin have been in clinical use for several decades but their drawbacks are well described. In the last 10 years several antibiotics have been made available for clinical use. Daptomycin and linezolid have been extensively used during this period. Other agents such as ceftaroline, ceftobiprole, dalbavancin, oritavancin, tedizolid, and telavancin have been approved by regulatory agencies since 2009...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732757/multimodal-exercise-training-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-persons-with-substantial-mobility-disability
#18
Brian M Sandroff, Rachel E Bollaert, Lara A Pilutti, Melissa L Peterson, Tracy Baynard, Bo Fernhall, Edward McAuley, Robert W Motl
BACKGROUND: Mobility disability is a common, debilitating feature of multiple sclerosis (MS). Exercise training has been identified as an approach to improve MS-related mobility disability. However, exercise randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on mobility in MS have generally not selectively targeted those with the onset of irreversible mobility disability. OBJECTIVES: The current multi-site RCT compared the efficacy of 6-months of supervised, multimodal exercise training with an active control condition for improving mobility, gait, physical fitness, and cognitive outcomes in persons with substantial MS-related mobility disability...
July 19, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727649/variables-affecting-intra-abdominal-pressure-during-lifting-in-the-early-postpartum-period
#19
Yvonne Hsu, Robert Hitchcock, Stefan Niederauer, Ingrid E Nygaard, Janet M Shaw, Xiaoming Sheng
OBJECTIVES: Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) may contribute to pelvic floor health, although the direction and magnitude of such an effect, if any, are not yet known. Identifying individual characteristics, and in particular modifiable factors, associated with higher IAP during recovery from vaginal childbirth might serve to mitigate early pelvic floor dysfunction. The aim of this study was to identify characteristics associated with maximal IAP during lifting in postpartum primiparous women who delivered vaginally...
July 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723843/no-superior-adaptations-to-carbohydrate-periodization-in-elite-endurance-athletes
#20
Kasper Degn Gejl, Line Thams, Mette Hansen, Torben Rokkedal-Lausch, Peter Plomgaard, Lars Nybo, Filip J Larsen, Daniele A Cardinale, Kurt Jensen, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Kristian Vissing, Niels Ørtenblad
PURPOSE: The present study investigated the effects of periodic CHO restriction on endurance performance and metabolic markers in elite endurance athletes. METHODS: Twenty-six male elite endurance athletes (VO2max: 65.0 ml O2[BULLET OPERATOR]kg[BULLET OPERATOR]min) completed 4 weeks of regular endurance training, while matched and randomized into two groups training with (Low) or without (High) carbohydrate (CHO) manipulation three days a week. The CHO manipulation days consisted of a 1-hr high intensity bike session in the morning, recovery for 7 hrs while consuming isocaloric diets containing either high CHO (414±2...
July 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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