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Salivary miRNA

Tatsuya Machida, Takaaki Tomofuji, Takayuki Maruyama, Toshiki Yoneda, Daisuke Ekuni, Tetsuji Azuma, Hisataka Miyai, Hirofumi Mizuno, Hironari Kato, Koichiro Tsutsumi, Daisuke Uchida, Akinobu Takaki, Hiroyuki Okada, Manabu Morita
Pancreatobiliary tract cancer is a highly fatal cancer. Detection of pancreatobiliary tract cancer is difficult because it lacks typical clinical symptoms and because of its anatomical location. Biomarker discovery is therefore important to detect pancreatobiliary tract cancer in its early stage. A study demonstrated that expression levels of miR‑1246, miR‑3976, miR‑4306, and miR‑4644 in serum exosomes were higher in pancreatic cancer patients than these levels in healthy control participants. Supposing that microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles in saliva are similar to those in serum, four miRNAs (miR‑1246, miR‑3976, miR‑4306, and miR‑4644) in salivary exosomes may also be useful for detection of pancreatobiliary tract cancer...
October 2016: Oncology Reports
Francisco Isaac Fernandes Gomes, Maria Gerusa Brito Aragão, Francisco Cesar Barroso Barbosa, Mirna Marques Bezerra, Vicente de Paulo Teixeira Pinto, Hellíada Vasconcelos Chaves
OBJECTIVES: The article aims to discuss the IL-1β and TNF-α potential use as salivary biomarkers of periodontal diseases pathogenesis and progression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This literature review has been registered in PROSPERO database with following number: CRD42016035729. Data investigation was performed on PubMed database as the main source of studies. The following search terms were used: "salivary biomarkers", "periodontal diseases", "TNF-alpha", "Interleukin-1 beta"...
April 2016: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
Gerhard Schmalz, Simin Li, Ralph Burkhardt, Sven Rinke, Felix Krause, Rainer Haak, Dirk Ziebolz
The aim of this review is to discuss current findings regarding the roles of miRNAs in periodontal diseases and the potential use of saliva as a diagnostic medium for corresponding miRNA investigations. For periodontal disease, investigations have been restricted to tissue samples and five miRNAs, that is, miR-142-3p, miR-146a, miR-155, miR-203, and miR-223, were repeatedly validated in vivo and in vitro by different validation methods. Particularly noticeable are the small sample sizes, different internal controls, and different case definitions of periodontitis in in vivo studies...
2016: BioMed Research International
Kazuya Iwai, Tamiko Minamisawa, Kanako Suga, Yasutomo Yajima, Kiyotaka Shiba
Diagnostic methods that focus on the extracellular vesicles (EVs) present in saliva have been attracting great attention because of their non-invasiveness. EVs contain biomolecules such as proteins, messenger RNA (mRNA) and microRNA (miRNA), which originate from cells that release EVs, making them an ideal source for liquid biopsy. Although there have been many reports on density-based fractionation of EVs from blood and urine, the number of reports on EVs from saliva has been limited, most probably because of the difficulties in separating EVs from viscous saliva using density gradient centrifugation...
2016: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
Steven D Hicks, Cherry Ignacio, Karen Gentile, Frank A Middleton
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder that lacks adequate screening tools, often delaying diagnosis and therapeutic interventions. Despite a substantial genetic component, no single gene variant accounts for >1 % of ASD incidence. Epigenetic mechanisms that include microRNAs (miRNAs) may contribute to the ASD phenotype by altering networks of neurodevelopmental genes. The extracellular availability of miRNAs allows for painless, noninvasive collection from biofluids...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Xiao-Yu Liu, Zhi-Jian Liu, Hong He, Chen Zhang, Yun-Long Wang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Recent research has revealed miR-101-3p as an important regulator in several cancers. Nevertheless, its function in salivary gland Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), a relatively rare malignance with poor long-term survival rate arisen in head and neck region, remain unknown. In this study, down-regulated miR-101-3p expression was detected in ACC tissues and ACC cell lines with high potential for metastasis. Ectopic expression of miR-101-3p significantly repressed the invasion, proliferation, colony formation, and formation of nude mice xenografts and induced potent apoptosis in ACC cell lines...
2015: American Journal of Cancer Research
Mehmet Bugrahan Duz, Omer Faruk Karatas, Esra Guzel, Nesrettin Fatih Turgut, Mehmet Yilmaz, Chad J Creighton, Mustafa Ozen
BACKGROUND: Of all human oral carcinomas, 41 % are localized to the tongue. Despite considerable improvements in both diagnosis and treatment, tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) has remained one of the most lethal types of cancer. Here, we aimed at identifying a salivary microRNA (miRNA) expression signature specific for TSCC patients. METHODS: To identify putative diagnostic biomarkers, we compared the miRNA expression profiles of saliva samples from three TSCC patients and four healthy control individuals using an Agilent miRNA microarray platform (V19)...
April 2016: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
Ivan Igaz, Peter Igaz
Beside blood-borne circulating miRNAs, miRNAs have been identified in other body fluid and excrements including stool, bile, saliva, and urine. Given the direct link of these body fluids to certain organs, their analysis for potential diagnostic miRNA markers is plausible. Several independent findings underline the potential utility of stool-derived miRNAs in the diagnosis of colorectal and pancreatic cancer. Given the difficulties in the diagnosis of cholangiocellular cancer, biliary miRNAs might be envisaged as useful markers...
2015: EXS
Johannes H Matse, Janice Yoshizawa, Xiaoyan Wang, David Elashoff, Jan G M Bolscher, Enno C I Veerman, C René Leemans, D Michiel Pegtel, Michiel D Pegtel, David T W Wong, Elisabeth Bloemena
BACKGROUND: Currently, clinical examination, ultrasound scanning (with or without fine needle aspiration cytology), preoperative CT-scan and MRI are available for the differential diagnosis of parotid gland swelling. A preliminary non-invasive salivary diagnostic tool may be helpful in the clinical decision making process. Altered salivary micro-RNA (miRNA) expression levels have been observed in saliva from patients with various cancers. Therefore, we investigated miRNA expression levels in saliva samples from patients with a parotid gland neoplasm using Human miRNA cards in comparison to controls...
2015: PloS One
J-S Byun, S-H Hong, J-K Choi, J-K Jung, H-J Lee
OBJECTIVE: Oral lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory oral mucosal disease whose exact cause is unclear and which requires efficient diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. Identification of disease-specific biomarkers in saliva is an easy, quick, and non-invasive approach for molecular diagnosis. This study was designed to examine salivary exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) that could be candidates for diagnosing and elucidating the pathogenesis of oral lichen planus. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We compared miRNA profiles of salivary exosomes of patients with oral lichen planus with those of healthy controls...
November 2015: Oral Diseases
Tatsuya Machida, Takaaki Tomofuji, Daisuke Ekuni, Takayuki Maruyama, Toshiki Yoneda, Yuya Kawabata, Hirofumi Mizuno, Hisataka Miyai, Muneyoshi Kunitomo, Manabu Morita
The aim of this study was to examine whether salivary exosomal miRNAs could be identified as aging biomarkers. Fifteen young healthy volunteers (median age, 21.0 years) and 13 old individuals (median age, 66.0 years) were recruited. Unstimulated whole saliva was collected, salivary exosomes were isolated, and total RNA was extracted. In a microarray, 242 miRNAs were commonly detected in these two mixed samples. Based on the cut-off values of 2- or 0.5-fold changes (FC) and regulatory power for aging process, six candidate miRNAs (miR-24-3p, miR-371a-5p, miR-3175, miR-3162-5p, miR-671-5p, and miR-4667-5p) were selected...
September 7, 2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Orsolya Kiss, Anna-Mária Tőkés, Semir Vranic, Zoran Gatalica, László Vass, Nóra Udvarhelyi, A Marcell Szász, Janina Kulka
Despite their similar histomorphologic appearance, adenoid cystic carcinomas of the breast and salivary glands (bACCs and sACCs, respectively) are clinically and pathologically diverse. We studied the expression levels of 18 microRNAs (miRNAs) in bACCs and sACCs and control normal breast and salivary gland tissues (bNs and sNs, respectively) by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction on formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissues. miRNAs showing significant differences between the study groups were selected for target prediction...
November 2015: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Bárbara Alemar, Patrícia Izetti, Cleandra Gregório, Gabriel S Macedo, Mauro Antonio Alves Castro, Alessandro Bersch Osvaldt, Ursula Matte, Patricia Ashton-Prolla
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most deadly cancers, and its diagnosis often requires invasive procedures. Deregulated miRNA expression has been described in patients with PDAC. In this study, we analyzed the expression levels of 6 miRNAs (miR-21, -34a, -155, -196a, -200b, and -376a involved in PDAC tumorigenesis) in serum and salivary samples to assess their potential role as circulating diagnostics biomarkers. METHODS: Serum and salivary samples were collected from patients with PDAC and healthy controls, and miRNA levels were quantified using qRT-PCR...
January 2016: Pancreas
V C Gourzi, E K Kapsogeorgou, N C Kyriakidis, A G Tzioufas
The elevated tissue expression of Ro/SSA and La/SSB autoantigens appears to be crucial for the generation and perpetuation of autoimmune humoral responses against these autoantigens in Sjögren's syndrome (SS). The mechanisms that govern their expression are not known. miRNAs, the post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, might be implicated. We have identified previously the miRNAs let7b, miR16, miR181a, miR200b-3p, miR200b-5p, miR223 and miR483-5p that are predicted to target Ro/SSA [Ro52/tripartite motif-containing protein 21 (TRIM21), Ro60/TROVE domain family, member 2 (TROVE2)] and La/SSB mRNAs...
October 2015: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
Geping Wu, Guanghai Yang, Ruxin Zhang, Guangyin Xu, Ling Zhang, Wu Wen, Jianbing Lu, Jianyong Liu, Yan Yu
PURPOSE: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an inflammatory disorder of the upper airway. Exosomes or extracellular vesicles are nanosized vesicles of endosomal origin released from inflammatory and epithelial cells that have been implicated in allergic diseases. In this study, we characterized the microRNA (miRNA) content of exosomes in AR. METHODS: Extracellular vesicles were isolated from nasal mucus from healthy control subjects (n=10) and patients with severe AR (n=10)...
September 2015: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Marine Humeau, Alix Vignolle-Vidoni, Flavie Sicard, Frédéric Martins, Barbara Bournet, Louis Buscail, Jérôme Torrisani, Pierre Cordelier
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in Western countries, with the lowest 1-year survival rate among commonly diagnosed cancers. Reliable biomarkers for pancreatic cancer diagnosis are lacking and are urgently needed to allow for curative surgery. As microRNA (miRNA) recently emerged as candidate biomarkers for this disease, we explored in the present pilot study the differences in salivary microRNA profiles between patients with pancreatic tumors that are not eligible for surgery, precancerous lesions, inflammatory disease or cancer-free patients as a potential early diagnostic tool...
2015: PloS One
Simon Andreasen, Marianne Hamilton Therkildsen, Morten Grauslund, Lennart Friis-Hansen, Irene Wessel, Preben Homøe
The interleukin-6 (IL-6)/Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway is of crucial importance in promoting tumorigenesis in several malignant tumors but may also be active in benign tumors, e.g., of pleomorphic adenoma (PA). In this study we characterize the expression of the pathway components with immunohistochemistry and selected mRNAs and microRNAs (miRNAs) regulated by this pathway in isolated duct- and myoepithelial cells in PA. 46 PAs were immunostained and 10 of these were used for in situ hybridization (ISH)...
August 2015: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Lijuan Sun, Bodu Liu, Zhaoyu Lin, Yandan Yao, Yanyang Chen, Yang Li, Jianing Chen, Dongsheng Yu, Zhangui Tang, Bosheng Wang, Shuguang Zeng, Song Fan, Youyuan Wang, Yilin Li, Erwei Song, Jinsong Li
BACKGROUND: Salivary Adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) patients with local invasion and lung metastasis are often resistant to conventional therapy such as operation, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. To explore the underling mechanisms, we studied the roles of miRNA in regulating invasiveness of SACC cells. METHODS: MicroRNA profiling was done in SACC cells with microarray. MiRNA mimics or antisense oligonucleotide was transfected and invasiveness of SACC cells was evaluated by adhesion assay and transwell assay...
2015: Molecular Cancer
Cherie Blenkiron, Peter Tsai, Lisa A Brown, Vernon Tintinger, Kathryn J Askelund, John A Windsor, Anthony R Phillips
BACKGROUND: The green bottle fly maggot, Lucilia sericata, is a species with importance in medicine, agriculture and forensics. Improved understanding of this species' biology is of great potential benefit to many research communities. MicroRNAs (miRNA) are a short non-protein coding regulatory RNA, which directly regulate a host of protein coding genes at the translational level. They have been shown to have developmental and tissue specific distributions where they impact directly on gene regulation...
2015: PloS One
F Zahran, D Ghalwash, O Shaker, K Al-Johani, C Scully
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the use of three salivary microRNAs (miRNA-21, miRNA-184, and miRNA-145) as possible markers for malignant transformation in oral mucosal lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Salivary whole unstimulated samples were collected from a study group of 100 subjects, consisting of 20 clinically healthy controls, 40 patients with oral potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) [20 with dysplastic lesions and 20 without dysplasia], 20 with biopsy-confirmed oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), and 20 with recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) as disease controls...
September 2015: Oral Diseases
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