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congenital lobar emphysema

Gang Yu, Bo Xia, Zhu Wang, Baisha Huang, Ying Zhang, Chun Hong, Ning Shang, Jing Tang
OBJECTIVE: To summarize our diagnosis and management experience of congenital bronchial atresia (CBA). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted, clinical data were collected of all patients with CBA. RESULTS: Among the nine patients (5 males and 4 females), six cases with right side and three cases with left cases, including one patient with mainstem bronchial atresia (MBA), two cases with lobar bronchial atresia (LBA), six cases with segmental bronchial atresia (SBA)...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Mohammad Ashkan Moslehi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Sumitha Arun, Manish Kumar, Benjamin Jeyanth Ross
Bronchogenic cyst (BC) is a rare congenital malformation of the lung. Most patients remain asymptomatic until adulthood while some are symptomatic in the first few years of life. However, symptoms in newborn period are rare. We report a case of a 3-day-old preterm baby with respiratory distress diagnosed as congenital lobar emphysema on chest X-ray. A CT scan revealed a mediastinal cyst causing obstructive lobar emphysema. The cyst was excised and pathological examination was suggestive of BC.
September 8, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Meletios Kanakis, Konstantinos Petsios, Dimitrios Bobos, Kosmas Sarafidis, Stefanos Nikopoulos, Konstantinos Kyriakoulis, Achilleas Lioulias, Nicholas Giannopoulos
Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is a rare lung congenital malformation. Differential diagnosis of the disease remains challenging in an infant with acute respiratory distress. We report a case of a 3-week-old female infant with a weight of 2.1 kg who presented respiratory distress related to CLE. Left upper lobectomy was performed and she had an uneventful recovery.
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
Francesco Emanuele Praticò, Michele Corrado, Giovanni Della Casa, Raffaele Parziale, Giuseppe Russo, Silvia Eleonora Gazzani, Enrica Rossi, Daniele Borgia, Maurizio Mostardi, Emanuele Bacchini, Simone Cella, Massimo De Filippo
Congenital pulmonary malformations represent a broad spectrum of anomalies that may result in varied clinical and pathologic pictures, ranging from recurrent pulmonary infections and acute respiratory distress syndrome, which require timely drug therapy, up to large space-occupying lesions needing surgical treatment. This classification includes three distinct anatomical and pathological entities, represented by Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation, Bronchopulmonary Sequestration and Congenital Lobar Emphysema...
July 28, 2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Tuğçe Tural-Kara, Halil Özdemir, Ergin Çiftçi, Erdal İnce
Congenital lobar emphysema is a rare disease, which is characterized by pulmoner hyperinflation. Depending on the degree of bronchial obstruction, the clinical presentation may be variable. We report a rare case with congenital lobar emphysema in a 38-days-old male infant who presented with severe respiratory distress and hypertension. Air trapping in the left upper lung and significant mediastinal shift to the right were observed on the chest x-ray. Emphysematous changes were detected on the thorax computed tomography and considered as congenital lobar emphysema...
July 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
James Jackson Mulvany, Andrew Weatherall, Amanda Charlton, Hiran Selvadurai
Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE), a rare condition that usually presents in the neonatal period, can be a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for the treating clinician. If unrecognised, it is a significant risk at the time of anaesthetic induction. We describe a case of CLE in a 3-month-old boy who was initially treated for suspected aspiration pneumonia at the referring hospital. We highlight the importance of careful consideration of common childhood respiratory illness as well as pneumothorax in the differential diagnosis, and the significance of appropriate preoperative anaesthetic management...
June 22, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Moussa Abdoulaye Ouattara, Seydou Togo, Bourama Kané, Sadio Yena
Giant congenital lobar emphysema is a rare pathological malformation in infants. Authors report a similar case that is remarkable for its even rarer segmental location and compressive character. The patient underwent successful urgent segmentectomy for the treatment of respiratory distress in a developing country.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Humberto C Sasieta, Francis C Nichols, Ronald S Kuzo, Jennifer M Boland, James P Utz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Meral Demir, Nazan Çobanoğlu
An 18-year-old male patient was referred to the department of pediatric pulmonology with a history of recurrent pneumothorax. Initial pneumothorax occurred at the age of 10. Following diagnosis of congenital lobar emphysema, he had five episodes of pneumothorax and subsequently underwent right-lower lobe anterobasal segmentectomy. Based on thoracic computed tomography (CT) and clinical manifestation, Birt-Hogg-Dube (BHD) syndrome was suspected and confirmed following genetic testing. BHD syndrome is a rare tumor predisposition syndrome first described in 1977...
December 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Abhishek Chinya, Prince Raj Pandey, Shandip Kumar Sinha, Yogesh Kumar Sarin
Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is a rare but life-threatening congenital anomaly leading to respiratory distress in early childhood. Diagnosis requires a strong clinical suspicion. We report a case of a 31/2-month-old infant who was initially diagnosed with pneumonia requiring multiple hospital admissions. After computed tomography of the thorax, a diagnosis on CLE was made. The child was planned for surgery in the next available routine operation theatre. However, suddenly in the evening, she developed respiratory distress and needed emergency surgical intervention...
May 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Ali Fettah, Gökçe Pınar Reis, Soner Sertan Kara, Tekin Aksu, Afak Durur Karakaya, Mahmut Subaşı, Atilla Çayır
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2016: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
Girolamo Mattioli, Luca Pio, Nicola Massimo Disma, Michele Torre, Oliviero Sacco, Angela Pistorio, Clelia Zanaboni, Giovanni Montobbio, Fabio Barra, Luca Antonio Ramenghi
BACKGROUND: Over the years the need for surgical treatment, timing of intervention, and the type of surgical approach have been discussed, but the treatment of congenital lung malformations remains controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the thoracotomy approach with the thoracoscopic technique by evaluating different surgical outcomes (duration of surgery, postoperative hospital stay, and complications). METHODS: All patients operated from January 2011 to March 2015 for suspected congenital cystic lung were included in the study...
December 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Sungho Yun, Hohyun Lee, Jaehyun Lim, Kija Lee, Kwangho Jang, Nozomi Shiwa, Hassadin Boonsriroj, Kazunori Kimitsuki, Chunho Park, Youngsam Kwon
A two-year-old castrated male Pomeranian dog was referred with the chief complaints of coughing and subcutaneous emphysema. On physical examination, the crepitant areas were palpable. When auscultated, the right chest was absent of respiratory sound, while the sound of the opposite side was enhanced. Radiographs presented pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum. On computed tomography, hypoattenuated bulla-like lesion at right middle lung lobe and trapped air in mediastinum were shown. After patient stabilization, surgery for excision of affected lobe was performed...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Irum Latif, Samina Shamim, Shah Ali
Congenital lobar emphysema is a rare variety of congenital malformation of lung characterized by over distension of a lobe of the lung due to partial obstruction of the bronchus. It is one of the rare causes of infantile respiratory distress requiring surgical resection of affected lobe. We are reporting the case of an 8-week-old baby who presented with respiratory distress related to CLE affecting the left upper lobe. Lobectomy was performed under general anaesthesia followed by an uneventful recovery.
February 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Marta Fernández Morán, Javier Fernández Aracama, Susana Juncedo Antuña, Belen Fernández Colomer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
François Gorostidi, Anthony de Buys Roessingh, Michel Gonzalez, Christian Simon, Yan Monnier
We report here the case of a 15 months old girl presenting with clinical signs and radiological exams highly suggestive of a foreign body (FB) aspiration. Diagnostic endoscopy revealed an overlooked bronchial malformation responsible for a congenital lobar emphysema (CLE). CLE presenting after one year of age is rare and can easily be misdiagnosed. Therefore, the possibility of an overlooked CLE needs to be known and evoked as an alternative diagnosis when dealing with children presenting with suspected FB aspirations...
December 2015: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Taizo Furukawa, Osamu Kimura, Kouhei Sakai, Mayumi Higashi, Shigehisa Fumino, Shigeyoshi Aoi, Tatsuro Tajiri
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess surgical intervention strategies for congenital cystic lesions of the lungs (CCL), focusing on the safety of lung resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical features of 27 children (CCAM, n=16; bronchial atresia, n=4; bronchogenic cyst, n=3; pulmonary sequestration, n=3; lobar emphysema, n=1) who were treated at our institution between 1995 and 2014 were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 27 patients, 14 were asymptomatic, and 13 were symptomatic...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
M Celik, A Dostbil, M Aksoy, H A Alici, N Dogan, I Ince, Y Aydin, A Ahiskalioglu
BACKGROUND: The cause of congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is unknown and characterized by hyperinflation of one or more lobes of the lung. The purpose of this retrospective study was to present the anesthetic management of children with congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) receiving treatment in our center. METHODS: Ten children underwent CLE-related surgical treatment in our center between March 1995 and August 2014. All cases were diagnosed on the basis of postero-anterior chest radiography and computerized tomography...
July 2015: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Mathews Jacob, G S Ramesh, K Narmadha Lakshmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
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