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COACHING TECHNIQUES

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437147/comparison-of-two-types-of-meditation-on-patients-psychosocial-responses-during-radiation-therapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#1
Gisela Boxleitner, Shelley Jolie, Dana Shaffer, Nicholas Pasacreta, Mei Bai, Ruth McCorkle
OBJECTIVES: Radiation treatment for head and neck cancer introduces adaptive demands and subjects patients to significant and unique psychosocial challenges. There is growing evidence that meditation is useful in lessening anxiety and depression in cancer patients. This study compared the effects of two types of meditation training on the psychological responses of patients with head and neck cancer during radiation therapy. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Smilow Cancer Hospital at Yale New Haven...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426512/technology-in-s-c-assessing-bodyweight-squat-technique-with-wearable-sensors
#2
Martin A O'Reilly, Darragh F Whelan, Tomas E Ward, Eamonn Delahunt, Brian M Caulfield
Strength and conditioning (S&C) coaches offer expert guidance to help those they work with achieve their personal fitness goals. However it is not always practical to operate under the direct supervision of an S&C coach and consequently individuals are often left training without expert oversight. Recent developments in inertial measurement units (IMUs) and mobile computing platforms have allowed for the possibility of unobtrusive motion tracking systems and the provision of real-time individualised feedback regarding exercise performance...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425087/peer-connect-for-african-american-breast-cancer-survivors-and-caregivers-a-train-the-trainer-approach-for-peer-support
#3
Marlyn Allicock, Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, La-Shell Johnson, William R Carpenter, Anissa I Vines, Denise G Belle, Ray Phillips, Michele W Cherry
Racial disparities in breast cancer survivorship are a major concern nationally. How survivors cope with cancer and re-frame their lives is a critical part of survivorship. Community-academic research partnerships may facilitate access to much-needed psychosocial support for African American survivors and caregivers in rural areas, but drivers of successful intervention implementation are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to describe the training and evaluation of Community Coaches and Guides (i...
April 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422954/identification-of-the-contribution-of-contact-and-aerial-biomechanical-parameters-in-acrobatic-performance
#4
Diane Haering, Aurore Huchez, Franck Barbier, Patrice Holvoët, Mickaël Begon
INTRODUCTION: Teaching acrobatic skills with a minimal amount of repetition is a major challenge for coaches. Biomechanical, statistical or computer simulation tools can help them identify the most determinant factors of performance. Release parameters, change in moment of inertia and segmental momentum transfers were identified in the prediction of acrobatics success. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relative contribution of these parameters in performance throughout expertise or optimisation based improvements...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408361/design-of-a-mobile-app-for-nutrition-education-trec-lifestyle-and-formative-evaluation-with-families-of-overweight-children
#5
Silvia Gabrielli, Marco Dianti, Rosa Maimone, Marta Betta, Lorena Filippi, Monica Ghezzi, Stefano Forti
BACKGROUND: Nutrition and diet apps represent today a popular area of mobile health (mHealth), offering the possibility of delivering behavior change (BC) interventions for healthy eating and weight management in a scalable and cost-effective way. However, if commercial apps for pediatric weight management fail to retain users because of a lack of theoretical background and evidence-based content, mHealth apps that are more evidence-based are found less engaging and popular among consumers...
April 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401656/improving-access-to-better-care-for-people-with-knee-and-or-hip-pain-service-evaluation-of-allied-health-professional-led-primary-care
#6
A Walker, R Williams, F Sibley, D Stamp, A Carter, M Hurley
INTRODUCTION: Chronic knee and hip pain is prevalent, impairing mobility, function and quality of life. Allied health professions (AHPs) are better trained and have more time than general practitioners in primary care to advise and support people to adopt healthier lifestyles (maintain healthy weight, increase physical activity) that reduce joint pain. We evaluated whether AHP-led primary care delivering person-centred, practical lifestyle coaching was a feasible, effective way to manage chronic knee and/or hip pain...
April 12, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385488/what-are-the-training-gaps-for-acquiring-laparoscopic-suturing-skills
#7
Ghada Enani, Yusuke Watanabe, Katherine M McKendy, Elif Bilgic, Liane S Feldman, Gerald M Fried, Melina C Vassiliou
INTRODUCTION: Advanced laparoscopic suturing is considered a challenging skill to acquire. The aim of this study was to investigate the learning process for advanced laparoscopic suturing in the operating room to understand the obstacles trainees face when trying to master the skill. METHODS: A qualitative methodology using semistructured interviews and field observations was used. Data were analyzed using a Grounded Theory approach. Participants were general surgery residents and surgeons with advanced minimally invasive surgery (MIS) experience...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349095/cooling-interventions-for-athletes-an-overview-of-effectiveness-physiological-mechanisms-and-practical-considerations
#8
REVIEW
Coen C W G Bongers, Maria T E Hopman, Thijs M H Eijsvogels
Exercise-induced increases in core body temperature could negative impact performance and may lead to development of heat-related illnesses. The use of cooling techniques prior (pre-cooling), during (per-cooling) or directly after (post-cooling) exercise may limit the increase in core body temperature and therefore improve exercise performance. The aim of the present review is to provide a comprehensive overview of current scientific knowledge in the field of pre-cooling, per-cooling and post-cooling. Based on existing studies, we will discuss 1) the effectiveness of cooling interventions, 2) the underlying physiological mechanisms and 3) practical considerations regarding the use of different cooling techniques...
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347291/design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-physical-training-and-cancer-phys-can-the-impact-of-exercise-intensity-on-cancer-related-fatigue-quality-of-life-and-disease-outcome
#9
Sveinung Berntsen, Neil K Aaronson, Laurien Buffart, Sussanne Börjeson, Ingrid Demmelmaier, Maria Hellbom, Pernille Hojman, Helena Igelström, Birgitta Johansson, Ronnie Pingel, Truls Raastad, Galina Velikova, Pernilla Åsenlöf, Karin Nordin
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is a common problem in persons with cancer, influencing health-related quality of life and causing a considerable challenge to society. Current evidence supports the beneficial effects of physical exercise in reducing fatigue, but the results across studies are not consistent, especially in terms of exercise intensity. It is also unclear whether use of behaviour change techniques can further increase exercise adherence and maintain physical activity behaviour...
March 27, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327086/design-of-the-lifestyle-interventions-for-severe-mentally-ill-outpatients-in-the-netherlands-lion-trial-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-study-of-a-multidimensional-web-tool-intervention-to-improve-cardiometabolic-health-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness
#10
Anne Looijmans, Frederike Jörg, Richard Bruggeman, Robert Schoevers, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: The cardiometabolic health of persons with a severe mental illness (SMI) is alarming with obesity rates of 45-55% and diabetes type 2 rates of 10-15%. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours play a large role in this. Despite the multidisciplinary guideline for SMI patients recommending to monitor and address patients' lifestyle, most mental health care professionals have limited lifestyle-related knowledge and skills, and (lifestyle) treatment protocols are lacking. Evidence-based practical lifestyle tools may support both patients and staff in improving patients' lifestyle...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322422/use-it-or-lose-it-cognitive-activity-as-a-protec-tive-factor-for-cognitive-decline-associated-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Panagiota Mistridis, Jutta Mata, Stefan Neuner-Jehle, Jean-Marie Annoni, Andreas Biedermann, Irene Bopp-Kistler, Dominique Brand, Andrea Brioschi Guevara, Hedi Decrey-Wick, Jean-François Démonet, Ulrich Hemmeter, Reto W Kressig, Brian Martin, Luca Rampa, Egemen Savaskan, Andreas Stuck, Philipp Tschopp, Dina Zekry, Andreas Monsch
Because of the worldwide aging of populations, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias constitute a devastating experience for patients and families as well as a major social and economic burden for both healthcare systems and society. Multiple potentially modifiable cardiovascular and lifestyle risk factors have been associated with this disease. Thus, modifying these risk factors and identifying protective factors represent important strategies to prevent and delay disease onset and to decrease the social burden...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322070/enhancing-clinical-communication-in-dermatologists-a-personalized-educational-intervention
#12
Zoi Tsimtsiou, Charitini Stavropoulou, Noni Papastefanou, Christos Lionis
OBJECTIVES: Effective communication is a vital component of patient-centered consultations with favourable treatment outcomes. This study aimed in testing the effectiveness of a personalized, communication training program for dermatologists in their practices. METHODS: Fifteen dermatologists were offered the educational intervention NO.TE.S. (Non Technical Skills). Depending on the dermatologists' needs, seven to nine sessions with a 60-minute duration were performed, focusing on: patient-centered care, principles of Neurolinguistic Programming, a guide to the medical interview, principles of motivational interviewing and self-care...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287685/care-of-shoulder-pain-in-the-overhead-athlete
#13
Joseph Chorley, Richard E Eccles, Armand Scurfield
Shoulder complaints are common in the overhead athlete. Understanding the biomechanics of throwing and swimming requires understanding the importance of maintaining the glenohumeral relationship of the shoulder. Capsular laxity, humeral retrotorsion, glenoid retroversion, glenohumeral internal rotation deficit, and scapular dyskinesis can all contribute to shoulder dysfunction and pain. Injuries are more likely during peak height velocity, especially when coupled with overuse, previous injuries not adequately treated, or change in the demands on the shoulder such as a new technique, bigger field, or longer race...
March 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279844/practices-attitudes-towards-recovery-in-elite-asian-uk-adolescent-athletes
#14
Andrew M Murray, Anthony P Turner, John Sproule, Marco Cardinale
OBJECTIVES: Assess current practice and attitudes towards recovery in adolescent athletes. DESIGN: Questionnaires were administered either via print or online questionnaire. PARTICIPANTS: Athletes and coaches from within Asia were surveyed (n = 112 & 53), with a comparative sample in the UK (n = 53 & 8). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The approaches and attitudes to recovery in both training and competition. RESULTS: Adolescent athletes perceive a variety of recovery modalities as important, though prioritise active recovery, nutrition and sleep...
December 23, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277276/the-use-of-eriksonian-hypnosis-to-improve-patient-outcomes-in-pharmacy-practice-a-novel-communication-skill-for-pharmacists
#15
John M Lonie, Cherie Tsingos-Lucas
Motivational Interviewing, pharmacist-based health coaching and traditional patient counseling techniques all show merit in improving communication between patients and health care providers. However, in order to effectively utilize these techniques one should have the ability to draw upon internal cognitive and psychological resources. Some patients have difficulty obtaining optimal health outcomes due to an unconscious inability to learn and connect with psychological resources. When this is the case, other methods of communication may need to be considered...
October 22, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266917/virtual-breakthrough-series-part-1-preventing-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-and-hospital-acquired-pressure-ulcers-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#16
Lisa Zubkoff, Julia Neily, Beth J King, Mary Ellen Dellefield, Sarah Krein, Yinong Young-Xu, Shoshana Boar, Peter D Mills
BACKGROUND: In 2014 the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) implemented a Virtual Breakthrough Series (VBTS) collaborative to help VHA facilities prevent hospital-acquired conditions: catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) and hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs). METHODS: During the prework phase, participating facilities assembled a multidisciplinary team, assessed their current system for CAUTI or HAPU prevention, and examined baseline data to set improvement aims...
November 2016: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264792/enhancing-mhealth-technology-in-the-patient-centered-medical-home-environment-to-activate-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-multisite-feasibility-study-protocol
#17
Ronald Gimbel, Lu Shi, Joel E Williams, Cheryl J Dye, Liwei Chen, Paul Crawford, Eric A Shry, Sarah F Griffin, Karyn O Jones, Windsor W Sherrill, Khoa Truong, Jeanette R Little, Karen W Edwards, Marie Hing, Jennie B Moss
BACKGROUND: The potential of mHealth technologies in the care of patients with diabetes and other chronic conditions has captured the attention of clinicians and researchers. Efforts to date have incorporated a variety of tools and techniques, including Web-based portals, short message service (SMS) text messaging, remote collection of biometric data, electronic coaching, electronic-based health education, secure email communication between visits, and electronic collection of lifestyle and quality-of-life surveys...
March 6, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263283/running-technique-is-an-important-component-of-running-economy-and-performance
#18
Jonathan P Folland, Sam J Allen, Matthew I Black, Joseph C Handsaker, Stephanie E Forrester
Despite an intuitive relationship between technique and both running economy (RE) and performance, and the diverse techniques employed by runners to achieve forward locomotion, the objective importance of overall technique and the key components therein remain to be elucidated. PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between individual and combined kinematic measures of technique with both RE and performance. METHODS: Ninety-seven endurance runners (47 female) of diverse competitive standards performed a discontinuous protocol of incremental treadmill running (4 min stages, 1 km...
March 3, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250934/team-sport-athletes-perceptions-and-use-of-recovery-strategies-a-mixed-methods-survey-study
#19
Fiona Crowther, Rebecca Sealey, Melissa Crowe, Andrew Edwards, Shona Halson
BACKGROUND: A variety of recovery strategies are used by athletes, although there is currently no research that investigates perceptions and usage of recovery by different competition levels of team sport athletes. METHODS: The recovery techniques used by team sport athletes of different competition levels was investigated by survey. Specifically this study investigated if, when, why and how the following recovery strategies were used: active land-based recovery (ALB), active water-based recovery (AWB), stretching (STR), cold water immersion (CWI) and contrast water therapy (CWT)...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248338/spectrum-and-space-resolved-4d-imaging-by-coded-aperture-correlation-holography-coach-with-diffractive-objective-lens
#20
A Vijayakumar, Joseph Rosen
In this Letter, we present an advanced optical configuration of coded aperture correlation holography (COACH) with a diffractive objective lens. Four-dimensional imaging of objects at the three spatial dimensions and with an additional spectral dimension is demonstrated. A hologram of three-dimensional objects illuminated by different wavelengths was recorded by the interference of light diffracted from the objects with the light diffracted from the same objects, but through a random-like coded phase mask (CPM)...
March 1, 2017: Optics Letters
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