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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189930/periodization-theory-confronting-an-inconvenient-truth
#1
John Kiely
Periodization theory has, over the past seven decades, emerged as the preeminent training planning paradigm. The philosophical underpinnings of periodization theory can be traced back to the integration of diverse shaping influences, whereby coaching beliefs and traditions were blended with historically available scientific insights and contextualized against pervading social planning models. Since then, many dimensions of elite preparation have evolved significantly, as driven by a combination of coaching innovations and science-led advances in training theory, techniques, and technologies...
November 30, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176381/barriers-to-the-prescription-of-psychological-strategies-by-strength-and-conditioning-specialists
#2
Dr Jon N Radcliffe, Dr Paul Comfort, Dr Tom Fawcett
The purpose of this paper was to explore the barriers to strength and conditioning coaches integrating psychological strategies within the strength and conditioning practice. The sample of accredited strength and conditioning coaches comprised 10 subjects working within the UK, 3 within the USA and 5 within Australia offering a cross section of experience from a range sporting disciplines and educational backgrounds. Subjects were interviewed using semi-structured interviews and thematic clustering was employed utilizing interpretative phonological analysis to identify common themes...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174950/a-formative-evaluation-of-a-coach-based-technical-assistance-model-for-youth-and-family-focused-programming
#3
Jonathan R Olson, Kimberly J McCarthy, Daniel F Perkins, Lynne M Borden
BACKGROUND: The Children, Youth, and Families At-Risk (CYFAR) initiative provides funding and technical support for local community-based programs designed to promote positive outcomes among vulnerable populations. In 2013, CYFAR implemented significant changes in the way it provides technical assistance (TA) to grantees. These changes included introducing a new TA model in which trained coaches provide proactive support that is tailored to individual CYFAR projects. The purpose of this paper is to describe the evolution of this TA model and present preliminary findings from a formative evaluation...
November 20, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173907/a-software-platform-for-statistical-evaluation-of-patient-respiratory-patterns-in-radiation-therapy
#4
Leon Dunn, John Kenny
AIM: The aim of this work was to design and evaluate a software tool for analysis of a patient's respiration, with the goal of optimizing the effectiveness of motion management techniques during radiotherapy imaging and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A software tool which analyses patient respiratory data files (.vxp files) created by the Varian Real-Time Position Management System (RPM) was developed to analyse patient respiratory data. The software, called RespAnalysis, was created in MATLAB and provides four modules, one each for determining respiration characteristics, providing breathing coaching (biofeedback training), comparing pre and post-training characteristics and performing a fraction-by-fraction assessment...
October 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156067/pilot-testing-a-coaching-intervention-to-improve-certified-nursing-assistants-dressing-of-nursing-home-residents
#5
Kerry Jean Jordan, Pao-Feng Tsai, Seongkum Heo, Shasha Bai, Deborah Dailey, Cornelia K Beck, Lindsey M Butler, Rachel L Greenwood
The purpose of the current study was to identify initial effects of a coaching training intervention using Level of Assistance (LoA) strategies compared with traditional lecture techniques on the appropriateness of LoA use by certified nursing assistants (CNAs) and independence of dressing of nursing home residents with dementia. Seventeen CNA-resident dyads participated in this pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT). Control and experimental group CNAs received a 25-minute traditional lecture. Experimental group CNAs also underwent three coaching sessions over 4 weeks...
November 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153002/the-use-of-behavior-modeling-training-in-a-mobile-app-parent-training-program-to-improve-functional-communication-of-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Gloria C Law, Maureen Neihart, Anuradha Dutt
Communication intervention in early life can significantly impact long-term outcomes for young children with autism. Parents can be vital resources in the midst of the current manpower shortage. Map4speech is a new mobile application developed for parents of children with autism spectrum disorder. It is specially designed to provide high-quality, interactive learning, coupled with frequent feedback and live coaching to train parents in a naturalistic language intervention. A multiple-baseline single-case experimental design was conducted across three parent-child dyads...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149813/structural-analysis-of-cd59-of-chinese-tree-shrew-a-new-reference-molecule-for-human-immune-system-specific-cd59-drug-discovery
#7
Subhamay Panda, Leena Kumari, Santamay Panda
BACKGROUND: Chinese tree shrews (Tupaia belangeri chinensis) bear several characteristics that are considered to be very crucial for utilizing in animal experimental models in biomedical research. Subsequent to the identification of key aspects and signaling pathways in nervous and immune systems, it is revealed that tree shrews acquires shared common as well as unique characteristics, and hence offers a genetic basis for employing this animal as a prospective model for biomedical research...
November 17, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140147/sprint-running-performance-and-technique-changes-in-athletes-during-periodized-training-an-elite-training-group-case-study
#8
Ian N Bezodis, David G Kerwin, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Aki I T Salo
PURPOSE: To understand how training periodization influences sprint performance and key step characteristics over an extended training period in an elite sprint training group. METHODS: Four sprinters were studied during five months of training. Step velocities, step lengths and step frequencies were measured from video of the maximum velocity phase of training sprints. Bootstrapped mean values were calculated for each athlete for each session and 139 within-athlete, between-session comparisons were made with a repeated measures ANOVA...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134974/differences-in-physical-physiological-and-motor-performance-traits-between-volleyball-and-basketball-athletes-in-a-university-in-ghana
#9
A Obour, M O Moses, B Baffour-Awuah, B Asamoah, P K Sarpong, F Osei, L G Akwa, E J Appiah
Physical, physiological and motor performance traits play substantial role in both volleyball (VB) and basketball(BB) competitions. The differences in these traits among University athletes in Ghana have not been reported. Hence, thisstudy documents and compares the physical, physiological and motor performance traits of VB and BB university athletes.Purposive sampling technique involving thirty-five university athletes (24 males and 11 females) with mean age of 21.77 ±2.03years was used. Height, weightn, waist and hip circumferences, waist to hip ratio (WHR), body mass index (BMI), heartrate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), shoulder muscular endurance (SME), abdominal muscular endurance (AME), left and right Arm Strength, Leg Power, Reaction time, Agility and Speed traits were measured...
June 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132876/the-distraction-in-action-tool%C3%A2-feasibility-and-usability-in-clinical-settings
#10
Kirsten Hanrahan, Charmaine Kleiber, Ben J Miller, Heather Davis, Ann Marie McCarthy
PURPOSE: Distraction is a relatively simple, evidence-based intervention to minimize child distress during medical procedures. Timely on-site interventions that instruct parents on distraction coaching are needed. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and usability of the Distraction in Action Tool© (DAT©), which 1) predicts child risk for distress with a needle stick and 2) provides individualized instructions for parents on how to be a distraction coach for their child in clinical settings...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084067/a-randomized-control-trial-of-cardiopulmonary-feedback-devices-and-their-impact-on-infant-chest-compression-quality-a-simulation-study
#11
Andrea L Austin, Carmen N Spalding, Katrina N Landa, Brian R Myer, Cure Donald, Jason E Smith, Gerald Platt, Heather C King
OBJECTIVES: In effort to improve chest compression quality among health care providers, numerous feedback devices have been developed. Few studies, however, have focused on the use of cardiopulmonary resuscitation feedback devices for infants and children. This study evaluated the quality of chest compressions with standard team-leader coaching, a metronome (MetroTimer by ONYX Apps), and visual feedback (SkillGuide Cardiopulmonary Feedback Device) during simulated infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
October 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074344/a-comparison-of-game-play-characteristics-between-elite-youth-and-senior-australian-national-rugby-league-competitions
#12
Carl T Woods, Sam Robertson, Wade H Sinclair, Kevin Till, Leesa Pearce, Anthony S Leicht
OBJECTIVES: To compare game-play characteristics between elite youth and senior Australian National Rugby League (NRL) competitions. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational. METHODS: The dataset consisted of 12 team performance indicators (e.g., 'all runs', 'offloads' and 'tackles') extracted from all 2016 national under 20 (U20) competition (elite youth; n=372 observations) and National Rugby League (NRL) (elite senior; n=378 observations) matches...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072537/sleep-training-load-and-performance-in-elite-female-gymnasts
#13
J Dumortier, A Mariman, J Boone, L Delesie, E Tobback, D Vogelaers, J G Bourgois
Training load (TL) and recovery should be in optimal balance to obtain maximal performance gains. We aimed to study sleep as a recovery technique and its relationship with TL and performance in elite athletes. Twenty-six elite female artistic gymnasts were divided into an under 13 (n = 6), an under 14 (n = 6), a junior (n = 7; 14-15y) and a senior (=World Championship (WC) competitors, n = 7; ≥16y) category. Sleep, through sleep logs, and training parameters, using the session Rate of Perceived Exertion (sRPE) scale, were monitored to calculate total sleep time (TST), sleep efficiency (SE), TL, monotony and strain...
October 26, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061910/health-coaching-in-severe-copd-after-a-hospitalization-a-qualitative-analysis-of-a-large-randomized-study
#14
Roberto P Benzo, Janae L Kirsch, Julie C Hathaway, Charlene E McEvoy, Kristin S Vickers
BACKGROUND: We recently demonstrated in a randomized study the feasibility and effectiveness of telephone-based health coaching using motivational interviewing on decreasing hospital readmissions and improving quality of life at 6 and 12 months after hospital discharge. In this qualitative study, we sought to explore the health-coaching intervention as seen from the perspective of the participants who received the intervention and the coaches who delivered it. METHODS: Semistructured participant interviews (n = 24) and a focus group of all health coaches (n = 3) who participated in this study were conducted...
November 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058620/powers-forid-personalized-online-weight-and-exercise-response-system-for-individuals-with-intellectual-disability-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
William H Neumeier, Nichole Guerra, Mohanraj Thirumalai, Betty Geer, David Ervin, James H Rimmer
BACKGROUND: Intellectual disability (ID) is characterized by limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. Adults with ID exhibit higher rates of obesity and poorer health status compared to the general population. Continuity of care and barriers to health-related activities may contribute to the poorer health status observed in this population. To address this problem, a tailored weight management online health information and communication technology platform, known as POWERSforID, was developed and is being tested to determine if this delivery mechanism can improve weight maintenance/weight loss in adults with ID...
October 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033273/current-techniques-of-teaching-and-learning-in-bariatric-surgical-procedures-a-systematic-review
#16
Mirjam Kaijser, Gabrielle van Ramshorst, Bart van Wagensveld, Jean-Pierre Pierie
OBJECTIVE: The gastric sleeve resection and gastric bypass are the 2 most commonly performed bariatric procedures. This article provides an overview of current teaching and learning methods of those techniques in resident and fellow training. DESIGN: A database search was performed on Pubmed, Embase, and the Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) to identify the methods used to provide training in bariatric surgery worldwide. After exclusion based on titles and abstracts, full texts of the selected articles were assessed...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024601/a-biomechanical-analysis-of-the-association-between-forearm-mechanics-and-the-elbow-varus-moment-in-collegiate-baseball-pitchers
#17
Matthew J Solomito, Erin J Garibay, Carl W Nissen
BACKGROUND: The incidence of upper extremity injury in baseball pitchers has increased over the past decade. This has resulted in a large body of research mainly focused on the kinematic and kinetic patterns of the elbow and shoulder to elucidate the cause of these injuries, with little attention on studying the associations of forearm rotation and upper arm joint moments. HYPOTHESIS: There will be significant differences in forearm kinematics and kinetics when comparing the fastball pitch with the curveball pitch...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970462/using-theory-to-explore-the-determinants-of-medication-adherence-moving-away-from-a-one-size-fits-all-approach
#18
Claire Easthall, Nina Barnett
Non-adherence to prescribed medicines has been described as "a worldwide problem of striking magnitude", diminishing treatment effects and wasting resources. Evidence syntheses report current adherence interventions achieve modest improvements at best, and highlight the poor progress toward the longstanding aim of a gold-standard intervention, tailored to meet individual need. Techniques such as motivational interviewing and health coaching, which aim to facilitate patient-centred care and improve patient resourcefulness, have shown promise in supporting adherence, especially in patients with psychological barriers to medicine-taking, such as illness perceptions and health beliefs...
August 30, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964404/surgical-education-lessons-from-parenthood
#19
Clay Cothren Burlew
Although one might think surgery and parenting have little in common, there are clear parallels. Historically there has been little formal education for either role. Educators and parents relied on modelling the behavior of others, or trial and error techniques. Mentorship and role models have played a critical role in professional development and continue to have a profound impact. Over the past two decades there has been a marked increase in the resources that are available. Coaching, debriefing, deliberate practice, and formal training are now incorporated in residency programs...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957756/using-nominal-group-technique-among-clinical-providers-to-identify-barriers-and-prioritize-solutions-to-scaling-up-opioid-agonist-therapies-in-ukraine
#20
Lynn Madden, Martha J Bojko, Scott Farnum, Alyona Mazhnaya, Tatiana Fomenko, Ruthanne Marcus, Declan Barry, Irina Ivanchuk, Viktor Kolomiets, Sergey Filippovych, Sergey Dvoryak, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Opioid agonist therapies (OAT) like methadone and buprenorphine maintenance treatment remain markedly under-scaled in Ukraine despite adequate funding. Clinicians and administrators were assembled as part of an implementation science strategy to scale-up OAT using the Network for Improvement of Addiction Treatment (NIATx) approach. METHODS: Nominal Group Technique (NGT), a key ingredient of the NIATx toolkit, was directed by three trained coaches within a learning collaborative of 18 OAT clinicians and administrators to identify barriers to increase OAT capacity at the regional "oblast" level, develop solutions, and prioritize local change projects...
September 26, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
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