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COACHING TECHNIQUES

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877070/aerobic-power-and-lean-mass-are-indicators-of-competitive-sprint-performance-among-elite-female-cross-country-skiers
#1
Tomas Carlsson, Michail Tonkonogi, Magnus Carlsson
The purpose of this study was to establish the optimal allometric models to predict International Ski Federation's ski-ranking points for sprint competitions (FISsprint) among elite female cross-country skiers based on maximal oxygen uptake ( [Formula: see text]) and lean mass (LM). Ten elite female cross-country skiers (age: 24.5±2.8 years [mean ± SD]) completed a treadmill roller-skiing test to determine [Formula: see text] (ie, aerobic power) using the diagonal stride technique, whereas LM (ie, a surrogate indicator of anaerobic capacity) was determined by dual-emission X-ray anthropometry...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856482/evaluation-of-nurses-changing-perceptions-when-trained-to-implement-a-self-management-programme-for-dual-sensory-impaired-older-adults-in-long-term-care-a-qualitative-study
#2
Lieve M Roets-Merken, Myrra J F J Vernooij-Dassen, Sytse U Zuidema, Marianne K Dees, Pieter G J M Hermsen, Gertrudis I J M Kempen, Maud J L Graff
OBJECTIVES: To gain insights into the process of nurses' changing perceptions when trained to implement a self-management programme for dual sensory impaired older adults in long-term care, and into the factors that contributed to these changes in their perceptions. DESIGN: Qualitative study alongside a cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 17 long-term care homes spread across the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 34 licensed practical nurses supporting 54 dual sensory impaired older adults...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834506/evidence-based-considerations-and-recommendations-for-athletic-trainers-caring-for-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
Elizabeth S Wolfe, Kelly J Madden
CONTEXT:  Patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be noncompliant, impulsive, and disruptive in an athletic training or physical rehabilitation facility. Athletic trainers (ATs) are valuable and essential health care providers for active patients with ADHD. However, for a patient with ADHD to have a successful outcome in a busy athletic training environment, the AT or health care provider must tailor the treatment setting to the patient's needs. OBJECTIVE:  To educate and raise awareness among ATs about patients with ADHD and to provide ATs with strategies and tools that will allow them to treat patients with ADHD more effectively...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760844/injuries-in-an-extreme-conditioning-program
#4
Kyle T Aune, Joseph M Powers
BACKGROUND: Extreme conditioning programs (ECPs) are fitness training regimens relying on aerobic, plyometric, and resistance training exercises, often with high levels of intensity for a short duration of time. These programs have grown rapidly in popularity in recent years, but science describing the safety profile of these programs is lacking. HYPOTHESIS: The rate of injury in the extreme conditioning program is greater than the injury rate of weightlifting and the majority of injuries occur to the shoulder and back...
October 19, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743464/therapeutic-conversations-therapists-use-of-observational-language-contributes-to-optimal-therapeutic-outcomes
#5
James A Banham, Robert D Schweitzer
OBJECTIVE: Reflexivity is the process of critically examining one's own experience. Emerging literature suggests that reflexivity is a positive predictor of outcomes in psychotherapy. However, limited research has been conducted regarding therapists' use of reflexivity as a therapeutic technique. In particular, we have a limited understanding of how therapists use language to initiate reflexive conversations. This study investigates the characteristics of therapist language that elicit reflexivity focused on internal and external processes...
October 15, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705060/effective-propulsion-in-swimming-grasping-the-hydrodynamics-of-hand-and-arm-movements
#6
Josje van Houwelingen, Sander Schreven, Jeroen B J Smeets, Herman J H Clercx, Peter J Beek
A literature review is presented about the hydrodynamic effects of different hand and arm movements during swimming with the aim to identify lacunae in current methods and knowledge, and to distil practical guidelines for coaches and swimmers seeking to increase swimming speed. Experimental and numerical studies are discussed examining the effects of hand orientation, thumb position, finger spread, sculling movements and hand accelerations during swimming, as well as unsteady properties of vortices due to changes in hand orientation...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703964/job-maintenance-through-supported-employment-plus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Nils-Torge Telle, Jörn Moock, Sandra Heuchert, Vivian Schulte, Wulf Rössler, Wolfram Kawohl
Sickness absence from work due to experienced distress and mental health issues has continuously increased over the past years in Germany. To investigate how this alarming development can be counteracted, we conducted a randomized controlled trial evaluating a job coaching intervention to maintain the working capacity of members of staff and ultimately prevent sickness absence. Our sample included N = 99 employees who reported mental distress due to work-related problems. The intervention group (n = 58) received between 8 and 12 individual job coaching sessions in which they worked with a professional job coach to reduce their mental distress...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689608/enhanced-medical-rehabilitation-effectiveness-of-a-clinical-training-model
#8
Marghuretta D Bland, Rebecca L Birkenmeier, Peggy Barco, Emily Lenard, Catherine E Lang, Eric J Lenze
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement in medical rehabilitation can be greatly influenced by their provider during therapy sessions. We developed Enhanced Medical Rehabilitation (EMR), a set of provider skills grounded in theories of behavior change. EMR utilizes 18 motivational techniques focused on providing frequent feedback to patients on their effort and progress and linking these to patient goals. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a clinical training protocol for clinicians to do EMR, as measured by clinician adherence...
September 27, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676946/promoting-physical-activity-what-do-we-have-available-to-motivate-our-patients
#9
Mathieu Saubade, Christos Karatzios, Cyril Besson, Anne-Charlotte Farasse, Benaim Charles, Gérald Gremion
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 42% of Europeans never practice physical activity (PA) or sports and 40% spend more than 5:30 per day in a sitting position. The objective of this literature review is to identify the necessary means to promote PA and tools available for physicians to advise and prescribe a suitable AP. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Electronic database research using Medline, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. RESULTS: Prescription of PA in the medical office is more and more encouraged...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658963/selected-plantar-pressure-characteristics-associated-with-the-skating-performance-of-national-in-line-speed-skaters
#10
Wen-Lan Wu, Hsiu-Tao Hsu, I-Hua Chu, Feng-Hua Tsai, Jing-Min Liang
In order to help coaches analyse the techniques of professional in-line speed skaters for making the required fine adjustments and corrections in their push-off work, this study analysed the specific plantar pressure characteristics during a 300-m time-trial test. Fourteen elite in-line speed skaters from the national team were recruited in this study. The total completion time of the 300-m time-trial test, duration of each skating phase, and plantar pressure distribution were measured. The correlation between plantar pressure distribution and skating performance was assessed using Pearson correlation analyses...
September 23, 2016: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652228/psychosexual-therapy-for-delayed-ejaculation-based-on-the-sexual-tipping-point-model
#11
REVIEW
Michael A Perelman
The Sexual Tipping Point(®) (STP) model is an integrated approach to the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of men with delayed ejaculation (DE), including all subtypes manifesting ejaculatory delay or absence [registered trademark owned by the MAP Educational Fund, a 501(c)(3) public charity]. A single pathogenetic pathway does not exist for sexual disorders generally and that is also true for DE specifically. Men with DE have various bio-psychosocial-behavioral & cultural predisposing, precipitating, maintaining, and contextual factors which trigger, reinforce, or worsen the probability of DE occurring...
August 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623024/inter-individual-variability-and-pattern-recognition-of-surface-electromyography-in-front-crawl-swimming
#12
Jonas Martens, Daniel Daly, Kevin Deschamps, Filip Staes, Ricardo J Fernandes
Variability of electromyographic (EMG) recordings is a complex phenomenon rarely examined in swimming. Our purposes were to investigate inter-individual variability in muscle activation patterns during front crawl swimming and assess if there were clusters of sub patterns present. Bilateral muscle activity of rectus abdominis (RA) and deltoideus medialis (DM) was recorded using wireless surface EMG in 15 adult male competitive swimmers. The amplitude of the median EMG trial of six upper arm movement cycles was used for the inter-individual variability assessment, quantified with the coefficient of variation, coefficient of quartile variation, the variance ratio and mean deviation...
December 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592682/effect-of-fatigue-on-reaction-time-response-time-performance-time-and-kick-impact-in-taekwondo-roundhouse-kick
#13
Jader Sant'Ana, Emerson Franchini, Vinicius da Silva, Fernando Diefenthaeler
Reaction time and response time are considered important abilities and can potentially affect combat performance. This study investigated the effect of a specific fatigue protocol on reaction time, response time, performance time, and kick impact. Seven male athletes reported to the laboratory on two different days. During day one, athletes performed a specific progressive taekwondo test, and on day two, a protocol for determining reaction time, response time, performance time, and kick impact before and after a time to exhaustion test at an intensity level corresponding to the maximal kick frequency obtained during the specific progressive taekwondo test...
September 5, 2016: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586426/scaling-tennis-racquets-during-pe-in-primary-school-to-enhance-motor-skill-acquisition
#14
Tim Buszard, Machar Reid, Rich S W Masters, Damian Farrow
PURPOSE: Research supporting the skill acquisition benefits of scaling sports equipment for children in a real-world setting where child-to-coach ratios are high is scarce. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the influence of scaling the tennis racquet on children's skill acquisition in a primary school setting. METHOD: Children aged 6 to 7 years old practiced for 5 weeks during physical education classes using either a small racquet (SR group; n = 23) or a large racquet (LR group; n = 23)...
September 1, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568414/do-maternal-pushing-techniques-during-labour-affect-obstetric-or-neonatal-outcomes
#15
C Barasinski, D Lemery, F Vendittelli
OBJECTIVES: To assess, through a literature review, the maternal and neonatal morbidity associated with the type of pushing used during the second stage of labour. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library and the Medline database for randomised controlled trials from 1980 to 2015, using the following keywords: "delivery", "birth", "birthing", "bearing down, coached, uncoached, pushing", "second and stage and labour", "randomised controlled trials" and "meta-analysis"...
August 24, 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560117/pursuing-improvement-in-clinical-reasoning-development-of-the-clinical-coaching-interactions-inventory
#16
Mary Ann Jessee, Christine A Tanner
BACKGROUND: Clinical coaching has been identified as a signature pedagogy in nursing education. Recent findings indicate that clinical coaching interactions in the clinical learning environment fail to engage students in the higher order thinking skills believed to promote clinical reasoning. METHOD: The Clinical Coaching Interactions Inventory (CCII) was based on evidence of supervisor questioning techniques, the Tanner clinical judgment model, Bloom's Taxonomy, and simulation evaluation tools...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556961/principal-components-analysis-to-characterise-fatigue-related-changes-in-technique-application-to-double-under-jump-rope
#17
Olivia Bruce, Kimberly Moull, Steven Fischer
The upper extremities play an important role in managing the rope-turning technique required to perform continuous double unders. However, acute adaptions in this technique may occur as a jumper fatigues. The purpose of this study was to examine how turning technique is adapted with fatigue. Three-dimensional kinematic data of the upper extremity were collected from 10 trained athletes as they performed consecutive double unders to volitional fatigue. Time series wrist, elbow and shoulder joint angles were calculated where joint angle waveforms representing 10 unique trials from the beginning ("fresh") and end ("fatigued") of the continuous jumping protocol for all participants were analysed using principal component analysis...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556421/determinants-of-using-non-fluoroscopy-guided-positioning-for-radiographs-a-case-study-research
#18
Sofie Germonpré, Paul Gemmel, Dimitri Beeckman, Jeroen Trybou
This study examines the determinants of using (non-)fluoroscopy-guided positioning (FGP) for radiographs, in order to improve the use of non-FGP imaging techniques. We focused on knowledge and attitudes of radiographers and radiologists with respect to applying non-FGP in radiography and organizational factors. We analyzed data from an in-depth multiple case study that includes observations and field notes, interviews, documents and images collected from the radiology departments of four hospitals. The unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) was used to frame the findings...
September 2016: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554504/identifying-the-features-of-an-exercise-addiction-a-delphi-study
#19
Lucy Macfarlane, Glynn Owens, Borja Del Pozo Cruz
Objectives There remains limited consensus regarding the definition and conceptual basis of exercise addiction. An understanding of the factors motivating maintenance of addictive exercise behavior is important for appropriately targeting intervention. The aims of this study were twofold: first, to establish consensus on features of an exercise addiction using Delphi methodology and second, to identify whether these features are congruous with a conceptual model of exercise addiction adapted from the Work Craving Model...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540768/a-quantitative-evaluation-of-the-high-elbow-technique-in-front-crawl
#20
Hiroshi Suito, Hiroyuki Nunome, Yasuo Ikegami
Many coaches often instruct swimmers to keep the elbow in a high position (high elbow position) during early phase of the underwater stroke motion (pull phase) in front crawl, however, the high elbow position has never been quantitatively evaluated. The aims of this study were (1) to quantitatively evaluate the "high elbow" position, (2) to clarify the relationship between the high elbow position and required upper limb configuration and (3) to examine the efficacy of high elbow position on the resultant swimming velocity...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
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