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COACHING TECHNIQUES

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024601/a-biomechanical-analysis-of-the-association-between-forearm-mechanics-and-the-elbow-varus-moment-in-collegiate-baseball-pitchers
#1
Matthew J Solomito, Erin J Garibay, Carl W Nissen
BACKGROUND: The incidence of upper extremity injury in baseball pitchers has increased over the past decade. This has resulted in a large body of research mainly focused on the kinematic and kinetic patterns of the elbow and shoulder to elucidate the cause of these injuries, with little attention on studying the associations of forearm rotation and upper arm joint moments. HYPOTHESIS: There will be significant differences in forearm kinematics and kinetics when comparing the fastball pitch with the curveball pitch...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970462/using-theory-to-explore-the-determinants-of-medication-adherence-moving-away-from-a-one-size-fits-all-approach
#2
Claire Easthall, Nina Barnett
Non-adherence to prescribed medicines has been described as "a worldwide problem of striking magnitude", diminishing treatment effects and wasting resources. Evidence syntheses report current adherence interventions achieve modest improvements at best, and highlight the poor progress toward the longstanding aim of a gold-standard intervention, tailored to meet individual need. Techniques such as motivational interviewing and health coaching, which aim to facilitate patient-centred care and improve patient resourcefulness, have shown promise in supporting adherence, especially in patients with psychological barriers to medicine-taking, such as illness perceptions and health beliefs...
August 30, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964404/surgical-education-lessons-from-parenthood
#3
Clay Cothren Burlew
Although one might think surgery and parenting have little in common, there are clear parallels. Historically there has been little formal education for either role. Educators and parents relied on modelling the behavior of others, or trial and error techniques. Mentorship and role models have played a critical role in professional development and continue to have a profound impact. Over the past two decades there has been a marked increase in the resources that are available. Coaching, debriefing, deliberate practice, and formal training are now incorporated in residency programs...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957756/using-nominal-group-technique-among-clinical-providers-to-identify-barriers-and-prioritize-solutions-to-scaling-up-opioid-agonist-therapies-in-ukraine
#4
Lynn Madden, Martha J Bojko, Scott Farnum, Alyona Mazhnaya, Tatiana Fomenko, Ruthanne Marcus, Declan Barry, Irina Ivanchuk, Viktor Kolomiets, Sergey Filippovych, Sergey Dvoryak, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Opioid agonist therapies (OAT) like methadone and buprenorphine maintenance treatment remain markedly under-scaled in Ukraine despite adequate funding. Clinicians and administrators were assembled as part of an implementation science strategy to scale-up OAT using the Network for Improvement of Addiction Treatment (NIATx) approach. METHODS: Nominal Group Technique (NGT), a key ingredient of the NIATx toolkit, was directed by three trained coaches within a learning collaborative of 18 OAT clinicians and administrators to identify barriers to increase OAT capacity at the regional "oblast" level, develop solutions, and prioritize local change projects...
September 25, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949273/reliability-of-a-commercially-available-and-algorithm-based-kinetic-analysis-software-compared-to-manual-based-software
#5
Kevin M Carroll, John P Wagle, Kimitake Sato, Brad H DeWeese, Satoshi Mizuguchi, Michael H Stone
There is a need for reliable analysis techniques for kinetic data for coaches and sport scientists who employ athlete monitoring practices. The purpose of the study was: (1) to determine intra- and inter-rater reliability within a manual-based kinetic analysis program; and (2) to determine test-retest reliability of an algorithm-based kinetic analysis program. Five independent raters used a manual analysis program to analyse 100 isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP) trials obtained from previously collected data...
September 26, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936475/surgical-data-science-the-new-knowledge-domain
#6
S Swaroop Vedula, Gregory D Hager
Healthcare in general, and surgery/interventional care in particular, is evolving through rapid advances in technology and increasing complexity of care with the goal of maximizing quality and value of care. While innovations in diagnostic and therapeutic technologies have driven past improvements in quality of surgical care, future transformation in care will be enabled by data. Conventional methodologies, such as registry studies, are limited in their scope for discovery and research, extent and complexity of data, breadth of analytic techniques, and translation or integration of research findings into patient care...
April 2017: Innov Surg Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866578/bring-it-to-the-pitch-combining-video-and-movement-data-to-enhance-team-sport-analysis
#7
Manuel Stein, Halldor Janetzko, Andreas Lamprecht, Thorsten Breitkreutz, Philipp Zimmermann, Bastian Goldlucke, Tobias Schreck, Gennady Andrienko, Michael Grossniklaus, Daniel A Keim
Analysts in professional team sport regularly perform analysis to gain strategic and tactical insights into player and team behavior. Goals of team sport analysis regularly include identification of weaknesses of opposing teams, or assessing performance and improvement potential of a coached team. Current analysis workflows are typically based on the analysis of team videos. Also, analysts can rely on techniques from Information Visualization, to depict e.g., player or ball trajectories. However, video analysis is typically a time-consuming process, where the analyst needs to memorize and annotate scenes...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793946/training-primary-care-providers-in-the-use-of-motivational-interviewing-for-youth-behavior-change
#8
Monique K Vallabhan, Alberta S Kong, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Linda C Summers, Conni J DeBlieck, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Adolescent obesity is a global epidemic. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a promising strategy to address adolescent obesity risk behaviors. However, primary care providers (PCPs) tend to express discomfort with learning and adopting MI practices and with addressing patient weight issues. PCP proficiency in using MI to discuss body mass index, health screening results, and nutrition and physical activity behaviors after receiving training and coaching from an MI expert and practicing the technique was evaluated...
August 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761713/the-effect-of-1-week-of-repeated-ischaemic-leg-preconditioning-on-simulated-keirin-cycling-performance-a-randomised-trial
#9
Angus Lindsay, Carl Petersen, Gavin Blackwell, Hamish Ferguson, Greg Parker, Nina Steyn, Steven P Gieseg
BACKGROUND: Coaches continually seek new ways of doing things and also refine existing techniques to improve sporting performance. Coaches are currently experimenting using ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) over consecutive days in the hope of improving competitive performances. AIMS: First, to quantify the physiological impact of 1 week of IPC on simulated Keirin cycling performance. Second, to investigate if biochemical stress markers are affected over the treatment period...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759540/a-comparison-of-the-technique-of-the-football-quarterback-pass-between-high-school-and-university-athletes
#10
Adam Toffan, Marion J L Alexander, Jason Peeler
The purpose of the study was to compare the most effective joint movements, segment velocities and body positions to perform the fastest and most accurate pass of high school and university football quarterbacks. Secondary purposes were to develop a quarterback throwing test to assess skill level, to determine which kinematic variables were different between high school and university athletes as well as to determine which variables were significant predictors of quarterback throwing test performance. Ten high school and ten university athletes were filmed for the study, performing nine passes at a target and two passes for maximum distance...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750556/the-quebec-respiratory-health-education-network-integrating-a-model-of-self-management-education-in-copd-primary-care
#11
Jean Bourbeau, Raquel Farias, Pei Zhi Li, Guylaine Gauthier, Livia Battisti, Valérie Chabot, Marie-France Beauchesne, Denis Villeneuve, Patricia Côté, Louis-Philippe Boulet
The objective of this study is to evaluate whether a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) self-management education program with coaching of a case manager improves patient-related outcomes and leads to practice changes in primary care. COPD patients from six family medicine clinics (FMCs) participated in a 1-year educational program offered by trained case managers who focused on treatment adherence, inhaler techniques, smoking cessation, and the use of an action plan for exacerbations. Health-care utilization, health-related quality of life (HRQL), treatment adherence, inhaler technique, and COPD knowledge were assessed at each visit with validated questionnaires...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749751/the-relationship-between-segmental-kinematics-and-ball-spin-in-type-2-cricket-spin-bowling
#12
Aaron J Beach, René E D Ferdinands, Peter J Sinclair
The techniques of spin bowling in cricket have been largely formulated from the collective intuitions of past players. A standard model of bowling technique has been generally prescribed for both off-spin and leg-spin bowlers, but there has been no biomechanics research to validate this approach. This study measured 20 Type-2 off-spin and 15 Type-2 leg-spin bowlers using a 3D Cortex motion analysis system. Correlation coefficients between segmental kinematic variables and spin rate in the off-spin and leg-spin bowlers revealed that off-spin bowling was associated with an earlier movement time of the thorax, whereas leg-spin bowling was associated with a greater magnitude and earlier movement time of pelvis rotation, as well as a greater magnitude of pelvis-shoulder separation movement...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731981/technology-in-strength-and-conditioning-assessing-bodyweight-squat-technique-with-wearable-sensors
#13
Martin A OʼReilly, Darragh F Whelan, Tomas E Ward, Eamonn Delahunt, Brian M Caulfield
O'Reilly, MA, Whelan, DF, Ward, TE, Delahunt, E, and Caulfield, BM. Technology in strength and conditioning: assessing bodyweight squat technique with wearable sensors. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2303-2312, 2017-Strength and conditioning (S&C) coaches offer expert guidance to help those they work with achieve their personal fitness goals. However, it is not always practical to operate under the direct supervision of an S&C coach and consequently individuals are often left training without expert oversight. Recent developments in inertial measurement units (IMUs) and mobile computing platforms have allowed for the possibility of unobtrusive motion tracking systems and the provision of real-time individualized feedback regarding exercise performance...
August 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728471/implementing-technical-refinement-in-high-level-athletics-exploring-the-knowledge-schemas-of-coaches
#14
Philip E Kearney, Howie J Carson, Dave Collins
This paper explores the approaches adopted by high-level field athletics coaches when attempting to refine an athlete's already well-established technique (long and triple jump and javelin throwing). Six coaches, who had all coached multiple athletes to multiple major championships, took part in semi-structured interviews focused upon a recent example of technique refinement. Data were analysed using a thematic content analysis. The coaching tools reported were generally consistent with those advised by the existing literature, focusing on attaining "buy-in", utilising part-practice, restoring movement automaticity and securing performance under pressure...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719494/hockey-fans-in-training-a-pilot-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Robert J Petrella, Dawn P Gill, Guangyong Zou, Ashleigh De Cruz, Brendan Riggin, Cassandra Bartol, Karen Danylchuk, Kate Hunt, Sally Wyke, Cindy M Gray, Christopher Bunn, Merrick Zwarenstein
INTRODUCTION: Hockey Fans in Training (Hockey FIT) is a gender-sensitized weight loss and healthy lifestyle program. We investigated: 1) feasibility of recruiting and retaining overweight and obese men into a pilot pragmatic randomized controlled trial; and 2) potential for Hockey FIT to lead to weight loss and improvements in other outcomes at 12 weeks and 12 months. METHODS: Male fans of 2 ice hockey teams (35-65 years; body-mass index ≥28 kg/m) located in Ontario (Canada) were randomized to intervention (Hockey FIT) or comparator (Wait-list Control)...
July 17, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713467/quality-versus-quantity-debate-in-swimming-perceptions-and-training-practices-of-expert-swimming-coaches
#16
Frank J Nugent, Thomas M Comyns, Giles D Warrington
The debate over low-volume, high-intensity training versus high-volume, low-intensity training, commonly known as Quality versus Quantity, respectively, is a frequent topic of discussion among swimming coaches and academics. The aim of this study was to explore expert coaches' perceptions of quality and quantity coaching philosophies in competitive swimming and to investigate their current training practices. A purposeful sample of 11 expert swimming coaches was recruited for this study. The study was a mixed methods design and involved each coach participating in 1 semi-structured interview and completing 1 closed-ended questionnaire...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699937/techniques-and-behaviors-associated-with-exemplary-inpatient-general-medicine-teaching-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#17
Nathan Houchens, Molly Harrod, Stephanie Moody, Karen Fowler, Sanjay Saint
BACKGROUND: Clinician educators face numerous obstacles to their joint mission of facilitating high-quality learning while also delivering patient-centered care. Such challenges necessitate increased attention to the work of exemplary clinician educators, their respective teaching approaches, and the experiences of their learners. OBJECTIVE: To describe techniques and behaviors utilized by clinician educators to facilitate excellent teaching during inpatient general medicine rounds...
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643054/a-structured-extended-training-program-to-facilitate-adoption-of-new-techniques-for-practicing-surgeons
#18
Jacob A Greenberg, Sally Jolles, Sarah Sullivan, Sudha Pavuluri Quamme, Luke M Funk, Anne O Lidor, Caprice Greenberg, Carla M Pugh
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair has been shown to have significant benefits when compared to open inguinal hernia repair, yet remains underutilized in the United States. The traditional model of short, hands-on, cognitive courses to enhance the adoption of new techniques fails to lead to significant levels of practice implementation for most surgeons. We hypothesized that a comprehensive program would facilitate the adoption of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (TEP) for practicing surgeons...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632065/muscle-activation-sequencing-of-leg-muscles-during-linear-glide-shot-putting
#19
Róisín M Howard, Richard Conway, Andrew J Harrison
In the shot put, the athlete's muscles are responsible for generating the impulses to move the athlete and project the shot into the air. Information on phasic muscle activity is lacking for the glide shot put event and therefore important technical information for coaches is not currently available. This study provides an electromyography (EMG) analysis of the muscle activity of the legs during shot put. Fifteen right-handed Irish national level shot putters performed six maximum effort throws using the glide shot put technique...
November 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632049/kinematic-comparison-of-the-seoi-nage-judo-technique-between-elite-and-college-athletes
#20
Takanori Ishii, Michiyoshi Ae, Yuta Suzuki, Yasuto Kobayashi
This study sought to identify biomechanical factors that determine fast and skilful execution of the seoi-nage (shoulder throw) technique by comparing kinematics between elite and college judo athletes. Three-dimensional motion data were captured using a VICON-MX system with 18 cameras operating at 250 Hz as three male elite and seven male college judo athletes performed seoi-nage. No significant difference was found in motion phase time of the turning phase between the two groups, indicating that motion phase time is not necessarily a factor contributing quickness in seoi-nage...
February 24, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
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