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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505675/-anti-lymph-angiogenic-strategies-to-improve-corneal-graft-survival
#1
Felix Bock, Claus Cursiefen
Corneal transplantation (keratoplasty) is the most frequently performed form of transplantation worldwide. A rejection reaction against the transplant is the main complication occurring after transplantation in an already vascularized, so-called "high-risk" recipient eye. Our group has shown that clinically invisible lymphatic vessels play a crucial role in the induction of a rejection reaction against the corneal graft, and that anti-(lymph)angiogenic therapies in the mouse model of keratoplasty can significantly improve transplant survival...
May 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492353/laparoscopy-using-room-air-insufflation-in-a-rural-african-jungle-hospital-the-bongolo-hospital-experience-january-2006-to-december-2013
#2
Zachary O'Connor, Marco Faniriko, Keir Thelander, Jennifer O'Connor, David Thompson, Adrian Park
INTRODUCTION: Carbon dioxide is the standard insufflation gas for laparoscopy. However, in many areas of the world, bottled carbon dioxide is not available. Laparoscopy offers advantages over open surgery and has been practiced using filtered room air insufflation since 2006 at Bongolo Hospital in Gabon, Africa. OBJECTIVE: Our primary goal was to evaluate the safety of room air insufflation related to intraoperative and postoperative complications. Our secondary aim was to review the types of cases performed laparoscopically at our institution...
June 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484898/virus-induced-cancers-of-the-skin-and-mucosa-are-we-dealing-with-smoking-guns-or-smoke-and-mirrors-in-the-operating-theatre
#3
Peter K C Goon, Patrick K Y Goon, Eunice K H Tan, Robin A F Crawford, Nick J Levell, Holger Sudhoff
INTRODUCTION: Human papillomavirus (HPV) alone is thought to cause ~610,000 cases of cancer per year, and is the dominant aetiological agent for ano-genital (esp. cervical) and head and neck cancers (esp. oropharyngeal). Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCV) is a more recently discovered virus which causes Merkel cell carcinoma, a rare but highly aggressive skin malignancy. METHODS: We explored the available published evidence to see if transmission of live HPV or MCV virus in smoke generated by laser or diathermy was feasible, and would pose an infection risk...
May 8, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481856/systematic-review-of-animal-models-used-in-research-of-origins-and-treatments-of-fecal-incontinence
#4
Judith Evers, James F X Jones, P Ronan O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Fecal incontinence is a common disorder, but its pathophysiology is not completely understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to present animal models that have a place in the study of fecal incontinence. DATA SOURCES: A literature review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines performed in August 2016 revealed 50 articles of interest. Search terms included fecal/faecal incontinence and animal model or specific species...
June 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460711/application-of-shortwave-diathermy-to-lower-limb-increases-arterial-blood-flow-velocity-and-skin-temperature-in-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Natanael Teixeira Alves De Sousa, Elaine Caldeira De Oliveira Guirro, João Guilherme Calió, Mariane Cristina De Queluz, Rinaldo Roberto De Jesus Guirro
BACKGROUND: Shortwave diathermy (SWD) and microwave diathermy (MWD) are frequently used by physical therapists to treat musculoskeletal conditions. The therapeutic benefits are usually associated with an increase in tissue temperature; however, there is no consensus on the changes in blood flow. OBJECTIVES: 1) To evaluate the behavior of temperature and arterial blood flow after the application of SWD and MWD to the lower limb of healthy women aged 18-30 and 2) to assess whether changes in limb positioning can influence SWD response...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440249/innovations-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#6
Sudarshan Kumar Khokhar, Ganesh Pillay, Esha Agarwal, Manish Mahabir
Advances in technology have made surgery in children safer and faster. The management of pediatric cataract has made rapid progress in the past decade with the availability of safer anesthesia, newer technique's, more predictable intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation, a better understanding of neurobiology, genetics, amblyopia management, improved IOL designs for preventing visual axis opacification, and adjuvant postoperative care. Modern vitrectomy machines with minimally invasive instruments, radiofrequency, diathermy, and plasma blades help immensely in complicated cases...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429681/microwave-diathermy-in-physiotherapy-units-a-survey-on-spatial-and-time-heterogeneity-of-electromagnetic-field
#7
Andreas Andrikopoulos, Adam Adamopoulos, Ioannis Seimenis, Constantinos Miltiadis Koutsojannis
Microwave diathermy (MWD) is a therapeutic system that is in use for some decades now in all physiotherapy settings, according to national facility establishment regulations. Diathermy devices probably lack validity, as working time passes, introducing the need of control/reset of the device by qualified personnel, in order to maintain its effectiveness in sessions and accurately deliver the energy output the physiotherapist asks for. However, while in the field of physical therapy MWD has been a vital part for practicing the profession of physiotherapist, there is not a clear evidence of health burden due to incorrect usability...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339430/comparative-effectiveness-review-of-cooled-versus-pulsed-radiofrequency-ablation-for-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review
#8
Anita Gupta, Daniel P Huettner, Matthew Dukewich
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from osteoarthritis of the knee and patients post total knee arthroplasty often develop refractory, disabling chronic knee pain. Radiofrequency ablation, including conventional, pulsed, and cooled, has recently become more accepted as an interventional technique to manage chronic knee pain in patients who have failed conservative treatment or who are not suitable candidates for surgical treatment. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to analyze published studies on radiofrequency ablation to provide an overview of the current knowledge regarding variations in procedures, nerve targets, adverse events, and temporal extent of clinical benefit...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322594/development-of-endoscopic-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-chronic-unilateral-hematuria-35-years-experience
#9
Ryuta Tanimoto, Hiromi Kumon, Demetrius H Bagley
PURPOSE: Chronic unilateral hematuria (CUH) is also called lateralizing essential hematuria, benign essential hematuria, and benign lateralizing hematuria, which was defined as intermittent or continuous gross hematuria that cannot be diagnosed with standard radiology and hematology studies, together with unilateral bloody efflux by cystoscopy. CUH is rare, but sometimes confused with malignancy or life-threatening hemorrhage. Therefore, it can cause considerable anxiety to not only patients but also urologists...
April 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321836/intra-oral-ignition-of-monopolar-diathermy-during-transnasal-humidified-rapid-insufflation-ventilatory-exchange-thrive
#10
D Onwochei, K El-Boghdadly, R Oakley, I Ahmad
We present the case of unanticipated airway ignition during hard palate biopsy. Transnasal humidified rapid-insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) and monopolar diathermy were utilised for the procedure, during which an arc arose from the diathermy tip to a titanium implant, causing a brief ignition on the monopolar diathermy grip. This case highlights the need for maintained awareness of fire risk when using diathermy in the presence of THRIVE during airway surgery.
March 20, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267008/endoscopic-pilonidal-sinus-treatment-combined-with-crystalized-phenol-application-may-prevent-recurrence
#11
Ibrahim Ethem Gecim, Utku Ufuk Goktug, Haydar Celasin
BACKGROUND: No single treatment yet exists for pilonidal disease that has a short healing time, good cosmetic results, and a low rate of recurrence. Phenol crystal application and diathermy ablation through an endoscope have been used for the treatment of pilonidal disease, but this cohort is the first one to combine them. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the safety, effectiveness, and short- and long-term outcomes of crystalized phenol treatment combined with endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment for pilonidal disease...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216919/electrosurgery-use-in-circumcision-in-children-is-it-safe
#12
REVIEW
Tariq Ibrahim Altokhais
Circumcision is one of the most common procedures performed worldwide. Bleeding is one of the most common complications following male circumcision, and to decrease the risk of bleeding, electrosurgery may be utilized. However, the use of diathermy on the penis is controversial, and there are reported complications due to the use of electrosurgery for circumcision. The aim of this review is to evaluate the utilization and relative safety of monopolar and bipolar electrosurgery for circumcision in children.
January 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213775/post-tonsillectomy-pain-after-using-bipolar-diathermy-scissors-or-the-harmonic-scalpel-a-randomised-blinded-study
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Linn Arbin, Mats Enlund, Johan Knutsson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the postoperative pain following bipolar diathermy scissors tonsillectomy (higher temperature dissection) with harmonic scalpel tonsillectomy (lower temperature dissection). METHODS: Sixty patients aged 7-40 years planned for tonsillectomy with no other concurrent surgery were randomised to either bipolar diathermy scissors or harmonic scalpel as surgical technique. Blinded to the surgical technique, the patients recorded their pain scores (VAS, 0-10) at awakening and the worst pain level of the day in the postoperative period...
May 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149518/why-we-should-care-about-soft-tissue-interfaces-when-applying-ultrasonic-diathermy-an-experimental-and-computer-simulation-study
#14
Thaís Pionório Omena, Aldo José Fontes-Pereira, Rejane Medeiros Costa, Ricardo Jorge Simões, Marco Antônio von Krüger, Wagner Coelho de Albuquerque Pereira
BACKGROUND: One goal of therapeutic ultrasound is enabling heat generation in tissue. Ultrasound application protocols typically neglect these processes of absorption and backscatter/reflection at the skin/fat, fat/muscle, and muscle/bone interfaces. The aim of this study was to investigate the heating process at interfaces close to the transducer and the bone with the aid of computer simulation and tissue-mimicking materials (phantoms). METHODS: The experimental setup consists of physiotherapeutic ultrasound equipment for irradiation, two layers of soft tissue-mimicking material, and one with and one without an additional layer of bone-mimicking material...
2017: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134632/posterior-medial-canthal-thermoplasty
#15
Kaveh Vahdani, Vladimir Theodor Thaller
PURPOSE: To describe a new, simple, quick, and minimally invasive surgical technique for managing medial canthal tendon laxity. METHODS: The technique works by creating a directed posterior lamellar scar. Sutures are preplaced in firm medial canthal tissue, and a triangular diathermy burn is made between this fixation point and the medial tarsal plate (sparing the canaliculus). This area is then plicated horizontally by bringing the preplaced sutures through the medial tarsal plate...
May 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133560/endoscopic-resection-of-skull-base-teratoma-in-klippel-feil-syndrome-through-use-of-combined-ultrasonic-and-bipolar-diathermy-platforms
#16
Justin A Edward, Alkis J Psaltis, Ryan A Williams, Gregory W Charville, Robert L Dodd, Jayakar V Nayak
Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) is associated with numerous craniofacial abnormalities but rarely with skull base tumor formation. We report an unusual and dramatic case of a symptomatic, mature skull base teratoma in an adult patient with KFS, with extension through the basisphenoid to obstruct the nasopharynx. This benign lesion was associated with midline palatal and cerebral defects, most notably pituitary and vertebrobasilar arteriolar duplications. A multidisciplinary workup and a complete endoscopic, transnasal surgical approach between otolaryngology and neurosurgery were undertaken...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101042/use-of-internal-limiting-membrane-autograft-in-primary-vitrectomy-for-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment
#17
Sergio Eustolio Hernández-Da Mota, Jorge Francisco Béjar-Cornejo
During a pars plana vitrectomy, an unplanned retinotomy in the raphe was performed in a 55-year-old female patient with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and proliferative vitreoretinopathy. Since diathermy and laser therapy were not available at that moment, it was decided to peel off a small graft of the internal limiting membrane adjacent to the retinotomy site which had been previously stained with Brilliant Blue G. The graft was displaced under perfluorocarbon fluids and placed inside the retinotomy. Three weeks after surgery, the apparent closure of the retinotomy was observed clinically...
September 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984691/-iliacus-muscle-injury-caused-by-inadequate-exercise
#18
J Magaña-Reyes, L G Domínguez-Gasca, A García-Luna, L G Domínguez-Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Traumatic iliacus muscle injury is rare; it is usually caused by trauma or intense exercise involving the pelvic girdle; it can produce a hematoma with femoral nerve neuropathy. Spontaneous muscle hematomas occur in patients with coagulation disorders. CLINICAL CASE: A 45-year-old male with 18 days of evolution, with an intense pain in the right buttock, groin and iliac fossa, with an inability for hip flexion and ambulation caused by inadequate exercise (supine double leg lifts)...
May 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984036/minimizing-blood-loss-at-cesarean-hysterectomy-for-placenta-previa-percreta
#19
Michael A Belfort, Alireza A Shamshiraz, Karin Fox
Preventing blood loss at the time of a cesarean delivery during a scheduled, nonemergent cesarean hysterectomy for placenta percreta may reduce the need for crystalloid and blood product transfusion. Commonly a classical hysterotomy is created and this can result in as much as a 500-800 mL blood loss before the hysterotomy is closed. Our technique involves placement of 4 full-thickness interrupted sutures in a box pattern to create an unperfused area of upper uterine segment. Diathermy is used to open the uterus to the membranes in the center of the "box" without blood loss...
January 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914154/short-and-long-term-efficacy-of-laparoscopic-ovarian-diathermy-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#20
Rita Luz, Joana Barros, Ana Aguiar, Cátia Rodrigues, Ana Paula Soares, Joaquim Nunes, Sandra Sousa, Carlos Calhaz-Jorge
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most frequent cause of anovulatory infertility and management involves a multistep approach. Laparoscopic ovarian diathermy is accepted as a second-line treatment of patients who failed to respond to clomiphene citrate. The aims of this study were to determine the efficacy of this technique at short and long-term and to perform an analysis of predictive factors of spontaneous pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study involved 76 women who underwent laparoscopic ovarian diathermy between 2004 and 2013 in a university hospital...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
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