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Sergio Eduardo Alonso Araujo, Lucas de Araujo Horcel, Victor Edmond Seid, Alexandre Bruno Bertoncini, Sidney Klajner
Background: Stapled hemorrhoidopexy is associated with less postoperative pain and faster recovery. However, it may be associated with a greater risk of symptomatic recurrence. We hypothesized that undertaking a limited surgical excision of hemorrhoid disease after stapling may be a valid approach for selected patients. Aim: To compare long-term results after stapled hemorrhoidopexy with and without complementation with closed excisional technique. Method: In a retrospective uni-institutional cohort study, sixty-five (29 men) patients underwent stapled hemorrhoidopexy and 21 (13 men) underwent stapled hemorrhoidopexy with excision...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Yijun Cai, Jorge L Alio Del Barrio, Mark R Wilkins, Marcus Ang
PURPOSE: Recently, optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has been used to successfully delineate vessels within the retina. This current study aims to assess corneal vascularization secondary to herpetic keratitis pre- and post-treatment using serial OCTA imaging adapted for the anterior segment. METHODS: All eyes were scanned using the split-spectrum amplitude decorrelation angiography (SSADA) algorithm on the AngioVue OCTA system (Optovue Inc. Fremont, CA, USA) with an anterior segment lens adapter...
October 8, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Lorenz Kuessel, René Wenzl, Marie-Louise Marschalek, Georg Slavka, Daniela Doerfler, Heinrich Husslein
OBJECTIVE: To provide a review of the literature regarding this technique as well as a step-by-step description with the goal of increasing its use as a safe surgical option. Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is characterized by vaginal agenesis and a variety of mullerian duct anomalies. To date, a variety of procedures have been described for creating a neovagina, but the best treatment remains debated. The Wharton-Sheares-George method, a minimally invasive surgical approach for the creation of a neovagina, is remarkably simple to perform...
September 24, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Vitsarut Buttagat, Thitipong Narktro, Kamonporn Onsrira, Chaithawat Pobsamai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of traditional Thai massage (TTM) on electromyographic (EMG) activity, muscle tension and pain intensity in patients with upper back pain associated with myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). DESIGN: A single-blind, randomized clinical trial. SETTING: The Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Thailand. INTERVENTION: Fifty patients were randomly assigned to receive a 30-min session of either TTM or control (sham microwave diathermy)...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Elsayed A Elnaggar, Youssef Abo Elwan, Safaa A Ibrahim, Mena M Abdalla
AIM OF THE PRESENT STUDY: To assess the changes in hormonal profile (serum FSH, LH, prolactin and total testosterone) following laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients with PCOS have been included in this study. Serum prolactin, total testosterone, follicular-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) levels have been used as biochemical markers, before and after procedures...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Tamer Hanafy Said
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and sustainability of operative laparoscopy in surgical management of cornual and interstitial ectopic pregnancy using a simple and practical method. DESIGN: Case series of five consecutive cases. SETTING: Endoscopy unit in Alexandria University Hospital and Alexandria New Medical Center. PATIENTS: Between July 2013 and May 2015, five women with interstitial and cornual ectopic pregnancies were admitted for laparoscopic surgical treatment...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Denis Jusufbegovic, Ahmet Ozkok, Shlomit Schaal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Retina
Sammy Sinno, Karan Mehta, Z-Hye Lee, Sarah Kidwai, Pierre B Saadeh, Michael R Lee
BACKGROUND: Inferior turbinate hypertrophy is often encountered by plastic surgeons who perform rhinoplasty. Many treatment options are available to treat the inferior turbinate. The objective of this study was to systematically review outcomes of available techniques and provide guidance to surgical turbinate management. METHODS: A MEDLINE search was performed for means of treating inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Studies selected focused on treatment of the inferior turbinate in isolation and excluding patients with refractory allergic rhinitis, vasomotor rhinitis, or hypertrophic rhinitis...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
S S Goonewardene, D Cahill
The da Vinci Xi robot has been introduced as the successor to the Si platform. The promise of the Xi is to open the door to new surgical procedures. For robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP)/pelvic surgery, the potential is better vision and longer instruments. How has the Xi impacted on operative and pathological parameters as indicators of surgical performance? This is a comparison of an initial series of 42 RARPs with the Xi system in 2015 with a series using the Si system immediately before Xi uptake in the same calendar year, and an Si series by the same surgeon synchronously as the Xi series using operative time, blood loss, and positive margins as surrogates of surgical performance...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Syarifah N Al-Yahya, Marina Mat Baki, Sakina Mohd Saad, Mawaddah Azman, Abdullah Sani Mohamad
UNLABELLED: A systematic review on laryngopyoceles across Ovid, PubMed, and Google Scholar database was conducted. A total of 61 papers published between 1952 and 2015 were found. Of these, 23 cases written in English, which described the number of cases, surgical approaches, resort to tracheostomy, complications, and outcomes, were shortlisted. Four cases of laryngopyoceles were managed endoscopically using a cold instrument, microdebrider, or laser. Eighteen cases were operated via an external approach, and 1 case applied both approaches...
July 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Brent Matthews, Matthew Wilkinson, Peter McEwen, Kaushik Hazratwala, Kenji Doma, Varaguna Manoharan, Zaid Bahho, Shannon McEwen
PURPOSE: To compare a plasma ablation device with a standard ablation device in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction to determine which system is superior in terms of intra-articular heat generation and diathermy efficiency. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized controlled trial. The inclusion criteria were adult patients undergoing primary ACL reconstruction. Patients were randomized preoperatively to the standard ablation group or the plasma ablation group...
July 15, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Xu Fan, Yunguang Wang, Haiping Cheng, Xiaochen Chong
The present circuit was designed to apply to human tissue impedance tuning and matching device in ultra-short wave treatment equipment. In order to judge if the optimum status of circuit parameter between energy emitter circuit and accepter circuit is in well syntony, we designed a high frequency envelope detect circuit to coordinate with automatic adjust device of accepter circuit, which would achieve the function of human tissue impedance matching and tuning. Using the sampling coil to receive the signal of amplitude-modulated wave, we compared the voltage signal of envelope detect circuit with electric current of energy emitter circuit...
February 2016: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
Ibrahim Ethem Gecim, Ufuk Utku Goktug, Haydar Celasin, Deniz Balcı
Video-assisted diathermy ablation (VADA) and crystallised phenol application (CPA) have been independently suggested as minimally invasive treatment options for sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease (SPD). The failure rates may be 5-33% with either method, and these methods have a longer healing time when used alone. Thus, we combined the two methods to fulgurate the infected inner lining of the sinus after cleaning up the hair and debris, and to identify the anatomy of the pilonidal cavity in its entirety, including its branches and cavities, by video assistance; the ultimate aim was to disperse sclerosing phenol crystals for faster healing and potentially less or no recurrence...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
A L Merlos-Gutiérrez, J M Vargas-Espinosa, G González-González, M Martínez-García, J A Sereno-Coló
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem worldwide. In Mexico there are an estimated 50 cases per 100,000 women. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is a precursor of inva- sive cancer. Early detection and treatment of this condition lead to a cure rate close to 100%. OBJECTIVES: To know the percentage of patients who, following a loop diathermy conization, present premalignant lesion recurrence within a cyto-colpo-histological follow-up period of one year; to identify risk factors for patients with persistent lesions...
February 2016: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Matthew J Page, Sally Green, Marshall A Mrocki, Stephen J Surace, Jessica Deitch, Brodwen McBain, Nicolette Lyttle, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Management of rotator cuff disease may include use of electrotherapy modalities (also known as electrophysical agents), which aim to reduce pain and improve function via an increase in energy (electrical, sound, light, or thermal) into the body. Examples include therapeutic ultrasound, low-level laser therapy (LLLT), transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), and pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMF). These modalities are usually delivered as components of a physical therapy intervention...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Rumana Hussain, Vijay Savant
PURPOSE: To describe our experience of the use of subconjunctival bevacizumab in conjunction with fine-needle diathermy for the treatment of corneal vascularization. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of cases treated between 2010 and 2013. RESULTS: Those patients with corneal lipid deposition had good results following treatment with 3/5 cases requiring more than one session of treatment. A single patient with severe atopy and multiple previous failed penetrating keratoplasty underwent five sessions of treatment but his third graft subsequently also failed...
May 18, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
John W Castellani, Edward J Zambraski, Michael N Sawka, Maria L Urso
Hyperthermia is suspected of accentuating skeletal muscle injury from novel exercise, but this has not been well studied. This study examined if high muscle temperatures alters skeletal muscle injury induced by eccentric exercise (ECC). Eight volunteers (age, 22.5 ± 4.1 year; height, 169.5 ± 10.8 cm; body mass, 76.2 ± 12.6 kg), serving as their own control, and who were not heat acclimatized, completed two elbow flexor ECC trials; in one trial the biceps were heated >40°C (HEAT) and in the other trial there was no heating (NON)...
May 2016: Physiological Reports
Ming-Kuan Sun, Jay Shieh, Chuin-Shan Chen, Hongsen Chiang, Chang-Wei Huang, Wen-Shiang Chen
The effects of an implant on temperature distribution in a tissue-mimicking hydrogel phantom during the application of therapeutic ultrasound were investigated. In vitro experiments were conducted to compare the influences of plastic and metal implants on ultrasound diathermy and to calibrate parameters in finite element simulation models. The temperature histories and characteristics of the opaque (denatured) areas in the hydrogel phantoms predicted by the numerical simulations show good correlation with those observed in the in vitro experiments...
September 2016: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Vito Romano, Bernhard Steger, Matthias Brunner, Sajjad Ahmad, Colin E Willoughby, Stephen B Kaye
PURPOSE: To describe a method to assess corneal neovascular (CoNV) complexes and identify feeder vessels for selective arterial fine-needle diathermy (FND). METHODS: In patients with CoNV, color photography and corneal indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) and fluorescein angiography are performed. After injection of indocyanine green and sodium fluorescein dye, videography and single-frame images of the region of interest are recorded. Videography is used to measure the time to leakage to assess vessel maturity to guide medical treatment and to discern afferent from efferent vessels...
July 2016: Cornea
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