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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444320/effect-of-phytase-on-growth-performance-phytate-degradation-and-gene-expression-of-myo-inositol-transporters-in-the-small-intestine-liver-and-kidney-of-21-day-old-broilers
#1
C L Walk, M R Bedford, O A Olukosi
An experiment was conducted to evaluate phytase supplementation on growth, phytate degradation, and the gene expression of myo-inositol transporters in 21-day old broilers. Ross 308, male broilers (n = 240) were assigned to one of four diets, with 10 pens/diet and six birds/pen from day one to 21. The diets consisted of a negative control (NC) formulated to meet or exceed Ross 308 nutrient requirements, with the exception of calcium (Ca) and available P (avP), which were reduced by 0.16 and 0.15%, respectively...
February 12, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444092/the-impact-of-early-life-nutrition-and-housing-on-growth-and-reproduction-in-dairy-cattle
#2
G Curtis, C McGregor Argo, D Jones, D Grove-White
Contentious issues in calf rearing include milk feeding practices and single versus group housing. The current study was performed on a high producing 170 Holstein cow dairy farm, to investigate the impact of nutrition and housing on growth and reproduction. Heifer calves (n = 100) were allocated in birth order to one of two commonly used management strategies. All calves received 3-4 litres of dam specific colostrum within 6 hours of birth. Group A calves were group housed from birth and fed milk replacer (MR) ad libitum via a computerised machine utilising a single teat, with weaning commencing at 63 days of age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442780/crystalline-mechanical-and-dielectric-properties-of-polyarylene-ether-nitrile-with-multi-walled-carbon-nanotube-filled-with-polyarylene-ether-nitrile
#3
Qian Xiao, Ruiqi Yang, Yong You, Hongxing Zhang, Renbo Wei, Xiaobo Liu
Multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) filled with poly(arylene ether nitrile) (PEN) (PEN-in-MWCNT) is used as additive to improve the physical performances of PEN matrix. The influences of PEN-in-MWCNT on the crystallization, mechanical, dielectric and thermal properties of PEN are investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectoscopy (FT-IR), dielectric testing, mechanical testing and scanning electron microscope (SEM) observation. The filling of the PEN into the MWCNT is confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) observation, FT-IR spectra, TGA and DSC curves...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438112/executive-functioning-and-daily-living-of-individuals-with-chronic-stroke-measurement-and-implications
#4
Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Gabi Zeilig, Harold Weingarden, Clara Rozental-Iluz, Debbie Rand
Deficits in executive functioning (EF) are often still present at the chronic stage after stroke, which may negatively impact independent living. The objectives of this study were (a) to characterize the EF and independence in daily living of community-dwelling individuals with chronic stroke by using pen-and-paper and performance-based EF assessments, (b) to explore correlations between scores detected by different EF assessments and (c) to assess the correlations between EF and independence in basic activities of daily living (BADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL)...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437627/drug-susceptibility-profiling-and-genetic-determinants-of-drug-resistance-in-mycobacterium-kansasii
#5
Zofia Bakuła, Magdalena Modrzejewska, Lian Pennings, Małgorzata Proboszcz, Aleksandra Safianowska, Jacek Bielecki, Jakko van Ingen, Tomasz Jagielski
Studies on drug susceptibility of Mycobacterium kansasii are very few and involve limited number of strains. The purpose of this study was to determine drug susceptibility profiles of M. kansasii isolates representing a spectrum of species genotypes (subtypes) with two different methodologies, i.e. broth microdilution and E-test assays. To confirm drug resistance, drug target genes were sequenced.A collection of 85 M. kansasii isolates, including representatives of eight different subtypes (I-VI, I/II, IIB) from eight countries was used...
February 5, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437406/combined-forward-backward-asymmetry-measurements-in-top-antitop-quark-production-at-the-tevatron
#6
T Aaltonen, V M Abazov, B Abbott, B S Acharya, M Adams, T Adams, J P Agnew, G D Alexeev, G Alkhazov, A Alton, S Amerio, D Amidei, A Anastassov, A Annovi, J Antos, G Apollinari, J A Appel, T Arisawa, A Artikov, J Asaadi, W Ashmanskas, A Askew, S Atkins, B Auerbach, K Augsten, A Aurisano, V Aushev, Y Aushev, C Avila, F Azfar, F Badaud, W Badgett, T Bae, L Bagby, B Baldin, D V Bandurin, S Banerjee, A Barbaro-Galtieri, E Barberis, P Baringer, V E Barnes, B A Barnett, P Barria, J F Bartlett, P Bartos, U Bassler, M Bauce, V Bazterra, A Bean, F Bedeschi, M Begalli, S Behari, L Bellantoni, G Bellettini, J Bellinger, D Benjamin, A Beretvas, S B Beri, G Bernardi, R Bernhard, I Bertram, M Besançon, R Beuselinck, P C Bhat, S Bhatia, V Bhatnagar, A Bhatti, K R Bland, G Blazey, S Blessing, K Bloom, B Blumenfeld, A Bocci, A Bodek, A Boehnlein, D Boline, E E Boos, G Borissov, D Bortoletto, M Borysova, J Boudreau, A Boveia, A Brandt, O Brandt, L Brigliadori, M Brochmann, R Brock, C Bromberg, A Bross, D Brown, E Brucken, X B Bu, J Budagov, H S Budd, M Buehler, V Buescher, V Bunichev, S Burdin, K Burkett, G Busetto, P Bussey, C P Buszello, P Butti, A Buzatu, A Calamba, E Camacho-Pérez, S Camarda, M Campanelli, F Canelli, B Carls, D Carlsmith, R Carosi, S Carrillo, B Casal, M Casarsa, B C K Casey, H Castilla-Valdez, A Castro, P Catastini, S Caughron, D Cauz, V Cavaliere, A Cerri, L Cerrito, S Chakrabarti, K M Chan, A Chandra, A Chapelain, E Chapon, G Chen, Y C Chen, M Chertok, G Chiarelli, G Chlachidze, K Cho, S W Cho, S Choi, D Chokheli, B Choudhary, S Cihangir, D Claes, A Clark, C Clarke, J Clutter, M E Convery, J Conway, M Cooke, W E Cooper, M Corbo, M Corcoran, M Cordelli, F Couderc, M-C Cousinou, C A Cox, D J Cox, M Cremonesi, D Cruz, J Cuevas, R Culbertson, J Cuth, D Cutts, A Das, N d'Ascenzo, M Datta, G Davies, P de Barbaro, S J de Jong, E De La Cruz-Burelo, F Déliot, R Demina, L Demortier, M Deninno, D Denisov, S P Denisov, M D'Errico, S Desai, C Deterre, K DeVaughan, F Devoto, A Di Canto, B Di Ruzza, H T Diehl, M Diesburg, P F Ding, J R Dittmann, A Dominguez, S Donati, M D'Onofrio, M Dorigo, A Driutti, A Drutskoy, A Dubey, L V Dudko, A Duperrin, S Dutt, M Eads, K Ebina, R Edgar, D Edmunds, A Elagin, J Ellison, V D Elvira, Y Enari, R Erbacher, S Errede, B Esham, H Evans, A Evdokimov, V N Evdokimov, S Farrington, A Fauré, L Feng, T Ferbel, J P Fernández Ramos, F Fiedler, R Field, F Filthaut, W Fisher, H E Fisk, G Flanagan, R Forrest, M Fortner, H Fox, J Franc, M Franklin, J C Freeman, H Frisch, S Fuess, Y Funakoshi, C Galloni, P H Garbincius, A Garcia-Bellido, J A García-González, A F Garfinkel, P Garosi, V Gavrilov, W Geng, C E Gerber, H Gerberich, E Gerchtein, Y Gershtein, S Giagu, V Giakoumopoulou, K Gibson, C M Ginsburg, G Ginther, N Giokaris, P Giromini, V Glagolev, D Glenzinski, O Gogota, M Gold, D Goldin, A Golossanov, G Golovanov, G Gomez, G Gomez-Ceballos, M Goncharov, O González López, I Gorelov, A T Goshaw, K Goulianos, E Gramellini, P D Grannis, S Greder, H Greenlee, G Grenier, Ph Gris, J-F Grivaz, A Grohsjean, C Grosso-Pilcher, S Grünendahl, M W Grünewald, T Guillemin, J Guimaraes da Costa, G Gutierrez, P Gutierrez, S R Hahn, J Haley, J Y Han, L Han, F Happacher, K Hara, K Harder, M Hare, A Harel, R F Harr, T Harrington-Taber, K Hatakeyama, J M Hauptman, C Hays, J Hays, T Head, T Hebbeker, D Hedin, H Hegab, J Heinrich, A P Heinson, U Heintz, C Hensel, I Heredia-De La Cruz, M Herndon, K Herner, G Hesketh, M D Hildreth, R Hirosky, T Hoang, J D Hobbs, A Hocker, B Hoeneisen, J Hogan, M Hohlfeld, J L Holzbauer, Z Hong, W Hopkins, S Hou, I Howley, Z Hubacek, R E Hughes, U Husemann, M Hussein, J Huston, V Hynek, I Iashvili, Y Ilchenko, R Illingworth, G Introzzi, M Iori, A S Ito, A Ivanov, S Jabeen, M Jaffré, E James, D Jang, A Jayasinghe, B Jayatilaka, E J Jeon, M S Jeong, R Jesik, P Jiang, S Jindariani, K Johns, E Johnson, M Johnson, A Jonckheere, M Jones, P Jonsson, K K Joo, J Joshi, S Y Jun, A W Jung, T R Junk, A Juste, E Kajfasz, M Kambeitz, T Kamon, P E Karchin, D Karmanov, A Kasmi, Y Kato, I Katsanos, M Kaur, R Kehoe, S Kermiche, W Ketchum, J Keung, N Khalatyan, A Khanov, A Kharchilava, Y N Kharzheev, B Kilminster, D H Kim, H S Kim, J E Kim, M J Kim, S H Kim, S B Kim, Y J Kim, Y K Kim, N Kimura, M Kirby, I Kiselevich, J M Kohli, K Kondo, D J Kong, J Konigsberg, A V Kotwal, A V Kozelov, J Kraus, M Kreps, J Kroll, M Kruse, T Kuhr, A Kumar, A Kupco, M Kurata, T Kurča, V A Kuzmin, A T Laasanen, S Lammel, S Lammers, M Lancaster, K Lannon, G Latino, P Lebrun, H S Lee, H S Lee, J S Lee, S W Lee, W M Lee, X Lei, J Lellouch, S Leo, S Leone, J D Lewis, D Li, H Li, L Li, Q Z Li, J K Lim, A Limosani, D Lincoln, J Linnemann, V V Lipaev, E Lipeles, R Lipton, A Lister, H Liu, Q Liu, T Liu, Y Liu, A Lobodenko, S Lockwitz, A Loginov, M Lokajicek, R Lopes de Sa, D Lucchesi, A Lucà, J Lueck, P Lujan, P Lukens, R Luna-Garcia, G Lungu, A L Lyon, J Lys, R Lysak, A K A Maciel, R Madar, R Madrak, P Maestro, R Magaña-Villalba, S Malik, S Malik, V L Malyshev, G Manca, A Manousakis-Katsikakis, J Mansour, L Marchese, F Margaroli, P Marino, J Martínez-Ortega, K Matera, M E Mattson, A Mazzacane, P Mazzanti, R McCarthy, C L McGivern, R McNulty, A Mehta, P Mehtala, M M Meijer, A Melnitchouk, D Menezes, P G Mercadante, M Merkin, C Mesropian, A Meyer, J Meyer, T Miao, F Miconi, D Mietlicki, A Mitra, H Miyake, S Moed, N Moggi, N K Mondal, C S Moon, R Moore, M J Morello, A Mukherjee, M Mulhearn, Th Muller, P Murat, M Mussini, J Nachtman, Y Nagai, J Naganoma, E Nagy, I Nakano, A Napier, M Narain, R Nayyar, H A Neal, J P Negret, J Nett, P Neustroev, H T Nguyen, T Nigmanov, L Nodulman, S Y Noh, O Norniella, T Nunnemann, L Oakes, S H Oh, Y D Oh, T Okusawa, R Orava, J Orduna, L Ortolan, N Osman, C Pagliarone, A Pal, E Palencia, P Palni, V Papadimitriou, N Parashar, V Parihar, S K Park, W Parker, R Partridge, N Parua, A Patwa, G Pauletta, M Paulini, C Paus, B Penning, M Perfilov, Y Peters, K Petridis, G Petrillo, P Pétroff, T J Phillips, G Piacentino, E Pianori, J Pilot, K Pitts, C Plager, M-A Pleier, V M Podstavkov, L Pondrom, A V Popov, S Poprocki, K Potamianos, A Pranko, M Prewitt, D Price, N Prokopenko, F Prokoshin, F Ptohos, G Punzi, J Qian, A Quadt, B Quinn, P N Ratoff, I Razumov, I Redondo Fernández, P Renton, M Rescigno, F Rimondi, I Ripp-Baudot, L Ristori, F Rizatdinova, A Robson, T Rodriguez, S Rolli, M Rominsky, M Ronzani, R Roser, J L Rosner, A Ross, C Royon, P Rubinov, R Ruchti, F Ruffini, A Ruiz, J Russ, V Rusu, G Sajot, W K Sakumoto, Y Sakurai, A Sánchez-Hernández, M P Sanders, L Santi, A S Santos, K Sato, G Savage, V Saveliev, M Savitskyi, A Savoy-Navarro, L Sawyer, T Scanlon, R D Schamberger, Y Scheglov, H Schellman, P Schlabach, E E Schmidt, M Schott, C Schwanenberger, T Schwarz, R Schwienhorst, L Scodellaro, F Scuri, S Seidel, Y Seiya, J Sekaric, A Semenov, H Severini, F Sforza, E Shabalina, S Z Shalhout, V Shary, S Shaw, A A Shchukin, T Shears, P F Shepard, M Shimojima, O Shkola, M Shochet, I Shreyber-Tecker, V Simak, A Simonenko, P Skubic, P Slattery, K Sliwa, J R Smith, F D Snider, G R Snow, J Snow, S Snyder, S Söldner-Rembold, H Song, L Sonnenschein, V Sorin, K Soustruznik, R St Denis, M Stancari, J Stark, N Stefaniuk, D Stentz, D A Stoyanova, M Strauss, J Strologas, Y Sudo, A Sukhanov, I Suslov, L Suter, P Svoisky, K Takemasa, Y Takeuchi, J Tang, M Tecchio, P K Teng, J Thom, E Thomson, V Thukral, M Titov, D Toback, S Tokar, V V Tokmenin, K Tollefson, T Tomura, D Tonelli, S Torre, D Torretta, P Totaro, M Trovato, Y-T Tsai, D Tsybychev, B Tuchming, C Tully, F Ukegawa, S Uozumi, L Uvarov, S Uvarov, S Uzunyan, R Van Kooten, W M van Leeuwen, N Varelas, E W Varnes, I A Vasilyev, F Vázquez, G Velev, C Vellidis, A Y Verkheev, C Vernieri, L S Vertogradov, M Verzocchi, M Vesterinen, M Vidal, D Vilanova, R Vilar, J Vizán, M Vogel, P Vokac, G Volpi, P Wagner, H D Wahl, R Wallny, M H L S Wang, S M Wang, J Warchol, D Waters, G Watts, M Wayne, J Weichert, L Welty-Rieger, W C Wester, D Whiteson, A B Wicklund, S Wilbur, H H Williams, M R J Williams, G W Wilson, J S Wilson, P Wilson, B L Winer, P Wittich, M Wobisch, S Wolbers, H Wolfmeister, D R Wood, T Wright, X Wu, Z Wu, T R Wyatt, Y Xie, R Yamada, K Yamamoto, D Yamato, S Yang, T Yang, U K Yang, Y C Yang, W-M Yao, T Yasuda, Y A Yatsunenko, W Ye, Z Ye, G P Yeh, K Yi, H Yin, K Yip, J Yoh, K Yorita, T Yoshida, S W Youn, G B Yu, I Yu, J M Yu, A M Zanetti, Y Zeng, J Zennamo, T G Zhao, B Zhou, C Zhou, J Zhu, M Zielinski, D Zieminska, L Zivkovic, S Zucchelli
The CDF and D0 experiments at the Fermilab Tevatron have measured the asymmetry between yields of forward- and backward-produced top and antitop quarks based on their rapidity difference and the asymmetry between their decay leptons. These measurements use the full data sets collected in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of sqrt[s]=1.96  TeV. We report the results of combinations of the inclusive asymmetries and their differential dependencies on relevant kinematic quantities. The combined inclusive asymmetry is A_{FB}^{tt[over ¯]}=0...
January 26, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435704/risk-factors-and-indicators-of-reduced-welfare-of-grazing-dairy-cows-from-selected-smallholder-dairy-farms-in-midlands-province-zimbabwe
#7
Z Matore, P Woods, S Kagler
Zimbabwe's smallholder dairying faces many challenges that affect the welfare of dairy cows; however, the status of this welfare has not yet been determined. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Midlands Province on 41 active smallholder dairy farms with 86 cows in winter and summer to determine the risk factors and indicators to impaired cow welfare. These objectives were achieved using farmer questionnaires and direct observations. Eleven percent of the observed cows were severely lame in summer while only 5% were severely lame in winter...
February 12, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435356/comparison-of-serum-pools-and-oral-fluid-samples-for-detection-of-porcine-circovirus-type-2-by-quantitative-real-time-pcr-in-finisher-pigs
#8
Gitte Blach Nielsen, Jens Peter Nielsen, John Haugegaard, Sanne Christiansen Leth, Lars E Larsen, Charlotte Sonne Kristensen, Ken Steen Pedersen, Helle Stege, Charlotte K Hjulsager, Hans Houe
Background: Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) diagnostics in live pigs often involves pooled serum and/or oral fluid samples for group-level determination of viral load by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). The purpose of the study was to compare the PCV2 viral load determined by qPCR of paired samples at the pen level of pools of sera (SP) from 4 to 5 pigs and the collective oral fluid (OF) from around 30 pigs corresponding to one rope put in the same pen. Pigs in pens of 2 finishing herds were sampled by cross-sectional (Herd 1) and cross-sectional with follow-up (Herd 2) study designs...
2018: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434933/pd-l1-expression-is-associated-with-p16-ink4a-expression-in-non-oropharyngeal-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#9
San-Chi Chen, Peter Mu-Hsin Chang, Hsiao-Jung Wang, Shyh-Kuan Tai, Pen-Yuan Chu, Muh-Hwa Yang
PD-L1 expression is critical in helping tumor cells evade the immune system. However, the level of PD-L1 expression in non-oropharyngeal head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (non-OPHNSCC) and its association with patient prognosis remains unclear. A retrospective clinicopathological analysis was performed on 106 patients with non-OPHNSCC diagnosed between 2007 and 2014. In the current study, tissue arrays from paraffin-embedded non-OPHNSCC samples obtained from patients were constructed, and PD-L1 and p16 INK4A expression were determined using immunohistochemistry...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432545/effect-of-castration-method-and-analgesia-on-inflammation-behavior-growth-performance-and-carcass-traits-in-feedlot-cattle
#10
S L Roberts, J G Powell, H D Hughes, J T Richeson
Our objective was to determine the effect of castration timing, method and use of the analgesic meloxicam (MEL) on inflammation, behavior, performance, and carcass traits in feedlot cattle. This study was a randomized complete block design conducted over a 3-yr period. A total of 194 crossbred beef calves from a single ranch origin were randomized at birth to receive 1 of 5 treatments arranged as a 2 × 2 + 1 factorial: 1) bulls castrated within 48-h of birth (CON), 2) bulls surgically castrated on d 0 without MEL (SUR), 3) bulls surgically castrated on d 0 with MEL (SUR+MEL), 4) bulls band castrated on d 0 without MEL (BAN) and 5) bulls band castrated on d 0 with MEL (BAN+MEL)...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432209/the-fabrication-of-highly-conductive-and-flexible-ag-patterning-through-baking-ag-nanosphere-nanoplate-hybrid-ink-at-a-low-temperature-of-100%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c
#11
Y D Han, S M Zhang, H Y Jing, J Wei, F H Bu, L Zhao, X Q Lv, L Y Xu
With the aim of developing highly conductive ink for flexible electronics on heat-sensitive substrates, Ag nanospheres and nanoplates were mixed to synthesize hybrid inks. Five kinds of hybrid ink and two types of pure ink were written to square shape on Epson photo paper using rollerball pens, and sintered at a low temperature (100 °C). The microstructure, electrical resistivity, surface porosity, hardness and flexibility of silver patterns were systematically investigated and compared. It was observed that the optimal mixing ratio of nanospheres and nanoplates was 1:1, which equipped the directly written pattern with excellent electrical and mechanical properties...
February 12, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429741/the-nematophagous-fungus-duddingtonia-flagrans-reduces-the-gastrointestinal-parasitic-nematode-larvae-population-in-faeces-of-orally-treated-calves-maintained-under-tropical-conditions-dose-response-assessment
#12
Pedro Mendoza-de-Gives, María Eugenia López-Arellano, Liliana Aguilar-Marcelino, Sara Olazarán-Jenkins, David Reyes-Guerrero, Gabriel Ramírez-Várgas, Vicente E Vega-Murillo
This research was performed to assess the Duddingtonia flagrans chlamydospore dose/response administered in gastrointestinal parasitic nematode (GIN) naturally infected calves and its effect in reducing the GIN infective larvae (L3) population in faeces in a cattle farm in the Mexican tropics. This study was carried out at the experimental research station "Las Margaritas" in Hueytamalco Municipality, Puebla State, Mexico. Forty zebu calves, between 6 to 12 months of age were randomly distributed into four groups of ten calves each...
January 31, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429377/strategies-for-implementing-effective-mealtime-insulin-therapy-in-type-2-diabetes
#13
Mark Peyrot, Timothy S Bailey, Belinda P Childs, Gérard Reach
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is a growing global epidemic. Due to the progressive nature of the disease, many people with T2D require insulin at some point, most commonly a long-acting (basal) insulin to assist with 24-hour control of glucose levels. OBJECTIVE: This opinion paper provides an overview of considerations for primary care providers (PCPs) in intensifying the treatment regimen when basal insulin therapy is inadequate. RESULTS: Control of mealtime hyperglycemia, in addition to fasting hyperglycemia, has been shown to be crucial in reaching A1c goals of <7...
February 12, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429326/denosumab-treated-giant-cell-tumor-of-the-bone-mimicking-low-grade-central-osteosarcoma
#14
Chang-Che Wu, Pin-Pen Hsieh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429025/risk-factors-for-complications-in-cochlear-implant-surgery
#15
Henricus J Theunisse, Ronald J E Pennings, Henricus P M Kunst, Jef J Mulder, Emmanuel A M Mylanus
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to achieve uniform reporting of complications and failures in cochlear implantation, to analyze complications and failures and to identify risk factors for complications in a series of over 1300 cochlear implantations. METHODS: In a retrospective chart review and observational study, data from all cochlear implantations from 1987 to 2015 were entered in a custom-made database. Complications were classified using the contracted form of the Clavien-Dindo system and risk factors were identified by statistical analysis...
February 10, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428741/feed-intake-and-behavior-of-dairy-goats-when-offered-an-elevated-feed-bunk
#16
Heather W Neave, Marina A G von Keyserlingk, Daniel M Weary, Gosia Zobel
Goats are browsers and select vegetation at various heights when foraging. On commercial farms, dairy goats are typically fed from low-level feed bunks. The objective of this study was to determine how feed intake and feeding behavior vary when goats are offered feed at variable heights, with the potential of evaluating the benefits of offering an elevated feeder to dairy goats. Thirteen Saanen X dairy goats were housed in a home pen with a lying area of wood shavings, where they were pre-exposed for 24 d to 3 feeder heights designed to result in differences in head height while feeding: floor level (head lowered relative to body), head level (head level relative to body), and elevated level (head and neck angled upward)...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428710/simultaneous-removal-of-amoxicillin-ampicillin-and-penicillin-by-clay-supported-fe-ni-bimetallic-nanoparticles
#17
Xiulan Weng, Wanling Cai, Ruifang Lan, Qian Sun, Zuliang Chen
This study examined functional bentonite-supported nanoscale Fe/Ni (B-Fe/Ni) for the simultaneous removal of β-lactam antibiotics such as amoxicillin (AMX), ampicillin (AMP) and penicillin (PEN). The results show only 94.6% of AMX, 80.6% of AMP and 53.7% of PEN were removed in the mixed antibiotic solution, while 97.5% of AMX, 85.1% of AMP and 74.5% of PEN were removed in individual antibiotic solution. The decreased removal in a mixed antibiotic solution was attributed to competition between antibiotics for: firstly, active sites of iron oxide for the adsorption; and secondly, accepted electrons for the degradation in passivation of the nZVI surface...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427036/toxicological-effects-of-mercury-chloride-on-laying-performance-egg-quality-serum-biochemistry-and-histopathology-of-liver-and-kidney-in-laying-hens
#18
Yan Ma, Yizhen Shi, Lanlan Li, Chao Xie, Xiaoting Zou
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of mercury chloride (HgCl2) on laying performance, egg quality, hepatic and renal histopathology, and serum biochemical profiles in laying hens. A total of 768 Hy-line brown laying hens aged 40 weeks were randomly allocated to four groups (8 pens per group and 24 hens per pen). The concentrations of mercury (Hg) in four groups were 0.280, 3.325, 9.415, and 27.240 mg/kg. Results revealed that dietary Hg could significantly reduce laying performance (P < 0...
February 9, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426539/a-combined-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-sers-uv-vis-approach-for-the-investigation-of-dye-content-in-commercial-felt-tip-pens-inks
#19
Daniela Saviello, Maddalena Trabace, Abeer Alyami, Antonio Mirabile, Rodorico Giorgi, Piero Baglioni, Daniela Iacopino
The development of protocols for the protection of the large patrimony of works of art created by felt tip pen media since the 1950's requires detailed knowledge of the main dyes constituting commercial ink mixtures. In this work Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) and UV-vis spectroscopy were used for the first time for the systematic identification of dye composition in commercial felt tip pens. A large selection of pens comprising six colors of five different brands was analyzed. Intense SERS spectra were obtained for all colors, allowing identification of main dye constituents...
May 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425987/inferring-causes-during-speech-perception
#20
Linda Liu, T Florian Jaeger
One of the central challenges in speech perception is the lack of invariance: talkers differ in how they map words onto the speech signal. Previous work has shown that one mechanism by which listeners overcome this variability is adaptation. However, talkers differ in how they pronounce words for a number of reasons, ranging from more permanent, characteristic factors such as having a foreign accent, to more temporary, incidental factors, such as speaking with a pen in the mouth. One challenge for listeners is that the true cause underlying atypical pronunciations is never directly known, and instead must be inferred from (often causally ambiguous) evidence...
February 6, 2018: Cognition
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