keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PENS

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920192/results-of-an-international-phosphorus-digestibility-ring-test-with-broiler-chickens
#1
M Rodehutscord, O Adeola, R Angel, P Bikker, E Delezie, W A Dozier, M Umar Faruk, M Francesch, C Kwakernaak, A Narcy, C M Nyachoti, O A Olukosi, A Preynat, B Renouf, A Saiz Del Barrio, K Schedle, W Siegert, S Steenfeldt, M M van Krimpen, S M Waititu, M Witzig
The objective of this ring test was to investigate the prececal phosphorus (P) digestibility of soybean meal (SBM) in broiler chickens using the trial protocol proposed by the World's Poultry Science Association. It was hypothesized that prececal P digestibility of SBM determined in the collaborating stations is similar. Three diets with different inclusion levels of SBM were mixed in a feed mill specialized in experimental diets and transported to 17 collaborating stations. Broiler chicks were raised on commercial starter diets according to station-specific management routine...
December 5, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920190/evaluation-of-chlorine-dioxide-based-product-as-a-hatchery-sanitizer
#2
P Maharjan, S Cox, U Gadde, F D Clark, K Bramwell, S E Watkins
Formaldehyde is commonly used to overcome contaminants introduced by hatching eggs or water supply in the hatcher cabinets. However, health risks associated with its use make economical alternatives important. This project evaluated a chlorine dioxide based product (CDBP) (0.3% concentrate) as a hatchery sanitizer in decontaminating microbial populations on the shell surface of hatching eggs (>18 d old), as well as its impact on hatchability and chick performance. Hatchers (0.20 m(2)) designed to hold approximately 50 eggs and equipped with circulation fans, heaters, and thermostats were used for the evaluation...
December 5, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920189/effects-of-maize-naturally-contaminated-with-aflatoxin-b1-on-growth-performance-intestinal-morphology-and-digestive-physiology-in-ducks
#3
G D Feng, J He, X Ao, D W Chen
This study was conducted to determine the effects of maize naturally contaminated with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on growth performance, intestinal morphology, relative digestive organs weight, digestive enzymes activities, and biochemical index of intestinal development in ducks. A total of 640 ducks was blocked on the basis of sex and body weight, and then allocated randomly to 2 treatments with 20 pens per treatment and 16 ducks per pen. The experiment lasted for 5 wk, and dietary treatments included basal diet (CON) and diets with 100% of normal maize replaced by AFB1 contaminated maize...
December 5, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919285/a-randomised-patient-assessor-blinded-sham-controlled-trial-of-external-non-invasive-peripheral-nerve-stimulation-for-chronic-neuropathic-pain-following-peripheral-nerve-injury-en-pens-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Selina Johnson, Andreas Goebel, Roberta Richey, Emily Holmes, Dyfrig Hughes
BACKGROUND: Eight percent of people in the UK are estimated to have persistent (chronic) neuropathic pain, and for many there is no effective treatment. Medications are the most common first-line treatment but often have limited benefit or adverse events. Surgical treatments, such as spinal cord stimulation, are then often considered. External non-invasive peripheral nerve stimulation (EN-PENS) is a form of electrical stimulation that involves placing a pen-shaped electrode onto the skin, which can be easily self-administered by patients...
December 6, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918906/diet-and-the-risk-of-head-and-neck-cancer-among-never-smokers-and-smokers-in-a-chinese-population
#5
Carrie Butler, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Shuang Li, Qian Li, Chien-Jen Chen, Wan-Lun Hsu, Pen-Jen Lou, Cairong Zhu, Jian Pan, Hongbing Shen, Hongxia Ma, Lin Cai, Baochang He, Yu Wang, Xiaoyan Zhou, Qinghai Ji, Baosen Zhou, Wei Wu, Jie Ma, Paolo Boffetta, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Min Dai, Mia Hashibe
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted in China to investigate the association between diet and the risk of head-and-neck cancer (HNC). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between diet and HNC risk in the Chinese population and to examine whether smoking status has any effect on the risk. METHODS: Our multicenter case-control study included 921 HNC cases and 806 controls. We obtained information on the frequency of both animal- and plant-based food consumption...
December 2, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917741/the-behaviour-and-welfare-of-sows-and-piglets-in-farrowing-crates-or-lactation-pens
#6
C Singh, M Verdon, G M Cronin, P H Hemsworth
Temporary confinement during parturition and early postpartum may provide an intermediary step preceding loose housing that offers improvement in sow and piglet welfare. Three experiments were conducted to investigate the implications of replacing farrowing crates (FCs) with an alternative housing system from 3 days postpartum until weaning. In each experiment sows farrowed in FCs and were randomly allocated at day 3 of lactation to either a FC or a pen with increased floor space (lactation pen (LP)) until weaning...
December 5, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917683/the-role-of-the-physical-environment-in-conversations-between-people-who-are-communication-vulnerable-and-health-care-professionals-a-scoping-review
#7
Steffy E A Stans, Ruth J P Dalemans, Luc P de Witte, Hester W H Smeets, Anna J Beurskens
PURPOSE: The role of the physical environment in communication between health-care professionals and persons with communication problems is a neglected area. This study provides an overview of factors in the physical environment that play a role in communication during conversations between people who are communication vulnerable and health-care professionals. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted using the methodological framework of Arksey and O'Malley. The PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Cochrane Library databases were screened, and a descriptive and thematic analysis was completed...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917504/constructing-and-enacting-kinship-in-sister-to-sister-egg-donation-families-a-multi-family-member-interview-study
#8
Hanna Van Parys, Veerle Provoost, Kristin Zeiler, Petra De Sutter, Guido Pennings, Ann Buysse
Although intra-familial egg donation has been practiced for more than 15 years in several countries, little is known about family relationships in this family type. Framed within the new kinship studies, this article focuses on the experiential dimension of kinship in sister-to-sister egg donation families: how is kinship 'unpacked' and 'reconstructed' in this specific family constellation? Qualitative data analysis of interviews with receiving parents, their donating sisters and the donor children revealed six themes: (1) being connected as an extended family; (2) disambiguating motherhood; (3) giving and receiving as structuring processes; (4) acknowledging and managing the 'special' link between donor and child; (5) making sense of the union between father and donor; and (6) kinship constructions being challenged...
December 5, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917336/effect-of-diets-with-different-energy-concentrations-on-growth-performance-carcass-characteristics-and-meat-chemical-composition-of-broiler-chickens-in-dry-tropics
#9
F Infante-Rodríguez, J Salinas-Chavira, M F Montaño-Gómez, O M Manríquez-Nuñez, V M González-Vizcarra, O F Guevara-Florentino, J A Ramírez De León
BACKGROUND: Diets with increasing levels of energy were fed for 42 days to 200, 1-day old male broiler chickens to evaluate growth performance, carcass characteristics and chemical composition of meat. The study was performed in the subtropical area of northeastern Mexico. Treatments diets (T) for starter and finisher phases had apparent metabolizable energy (AME; kcal/kg) of: 2960 and 3040 (T1); 3000 and 3080 (T2); 3040 and 3120 (T3); 3080 and 3160 (T4), respectively. Within each of the growing phases the four treatment diets were formulated to contain similar levels of crude protein, amino acids, and other nutrients...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915271/changes-in-renal-gene-expression-associated-with-induced-ochratoxicosis-in-chickens-activation-and-deactivation-of-transcripts-after-varying-durations-of-exposure
#10
Cynthia P Zeferino, Kevin D Wells, Ana Silvia A M T Moura, George E Rottinghaus, David R Ledoux
Exposure to ochratoxin A (OTA) can lead to changes in global gene expression. This study investigated the individual expression of genes turned on and off in renal cells of chicks after different durations of exposure to dietary OTA. One hundred and eighty day-old male broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly assigned to a 3 × 3 factorial arrangement of treatments (3 levels of OTA: 0, 1 and 2 mg OTA/kg diet and 3 time periods: 7, 14 and 21 d). Birds were allocated to 36 pens (4 replicate pens of 5 birds each per treatment)...
December 3, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913137/time-lapse-microscopy-patent-upheld-in-europe-response-to-pearce
#11
Sigrid Sterckx, Julian Cockbain, Guido Pennings
In this piece, we comment on the article by Pearce earlier in this journal. As Pearce correctly points out, what is fundamentally at issue in ESHRE et al's opposition to Stanford University's European patent on time-lapse microscopy is whether an exclusion from patentability, here of methods of medical diagnosis, should be interpreted narrowly or not. In the present case, the dominant piece of case law from the European Patent Office (EPO) gives a narrow interpretation of what a method of diagnosis must be in order not to be patentable...
November 16, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912792/evaluation-of-natural-porcine-circovirus-type-2-pcv2-subclinical-infection-and-seroconversion-dynamics-in-piglets-vaccinated-at-different-ages
#12
Salvador Oliver-Ferrando, Joaquim Segalés, Sergio López-Soria, Antonio Callén, Olivier Merdy, François Joisel, Marina Sibila
This study aimed to determine the porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) serological and virological dynamics in piglets vaccinated at different ages in a PCV2 subclinical infection (PCV2-SI) scenario. Six hundred and forty-four 2 week-old healthy piglets were selected and distributed into four treatment groups: vaccination at 3, 6 or 10 weeks of age (3W-VAC, 6W-VAC and 10W-VAC groups, respectively) and unvaccinated pigs (NON-VAC group). Blood (n = 112 pigs) and oral fluid (OF) (n = 40 pens) samples were taken throughout the study to assess PCV2 load, humoral immunity and viral genotyping...
December 3, 2016: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910543/extending-helium-partial-pressure-measurement-technology-to-jet-dte2-and-iter
#13
C C Klepper, T M Biewer, U Kruezi, S Vartanian, D Douai, D L Hillis, C Marcus
The detection limit for helium (He) partial pressure monitoring via the Penning discharge optical emission diagnostic, mainly used for tokamak divertor effluent gas analysis, is shown here to be possible for He concentrations down to 0.1% in predominantly deuterium effluents. This result from a dedicated laboratory study means that the technique can now be extended to intrinsically (non-injected) He produced as fusion reaction ash in deuterium-tritium experiments. The paper also examines threshold ionization mass spectroscopy as a potential backup to the optical technique, but finds that further development is needed to attain with plasma pulse-relevant response times...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910537/highly-sensitive-superconducting-circuits-at-%C3%A2-700-khz-with-tunable-quality-factors-for-image-current-detection-of-single-trapped-antiprotons
#14
H Nagahama, G Schneider, A Mooser, C Smorra, S Sellner, J Harrington, T Higuchi, M Borchert, T Tanaka, M Besirli, K Blaum, Y Matsuda, C Ospelkaus, W Quint, J Walz, Y Yamazaki, S Ulmer
We developed highly sensitive image-current detection systems based on superconducting toroidal coils and ultra-low noise amplifiers for non-destructive measurements of the axial frequencies (550-800 kHz) of single antiprotons stored in a cryogenic multi-Penning-trap system. The unloaded superconducting tuned circuits show quality factors of up to 500 000, which corresponds to a factor of 10 improvement compared to our previously used solenoidal designs. Connected to ultra-low noise amplifiers and the trap system, signal-to-noise-ratios of 30 dB at quality factors of >20 000 are achieved...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910409/development-of-miniaturized-spectroscopically-assisted-penning-gauges-for-fractional-helium-and-hydrogen-neutral-pressure-measurements
#15
K Flesch, T Kremeyer, O Schmitz, V Soukhanovskii, U Wenzel
Direct measurements of the helium (He) fractional neutral pressure in the neutral gas around fusion devices is challenging because of the small mass difference between the abundant D2 molecules and the He ash which will be produced by deuterium-tritium fusion. To study He exhaust, an in situ Penning gauge system is being developed at UW-Madison that is optimized for good pressure and high spectroscopic sensitivity. Three different anode geometries have been studied regarding their vacuum electrostatic fields, light output, and ion current...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908603/patenting-medical-diagnosis-methods-in-europe-stanford-university-and-time-lapse-microscopy
#16
Sigrid Sterckx, Julian Cockbain, Guido Pennings
In 2013, a European Patent for the technique of time-lapse microscopy was granted by the European Patent Office (EPO) to Stanford University and was subsequently opposed by Unisense FertiliTech A/S and by the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE), Sigrid Sterckx, Julian Cockbain and Guido Pennings. ESHRE et al.'s opposition was based on the argument that Stanford's patent was directed to a method of medical diagnosis, methods that are excluded from patentability by Article 53(c) of the European Patent Convention...
November 18, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905535/bordetella-pertussis-outer-membrane-vesicle-vaccine-confers-equal-efficacy-in-mice-with-milder-inflammatory-responses-compared-to-a-whole-cell-vaccine
#17
René H M Raeven, Jolanda Brummelman, Jeroen L A Pennings, Larissa van der Maas, Wichard Tilstra, Kina Helm, Elly van Riet, Wim Jiskoot, Cécile A C M van Els, Wanda G H Han, Gideon F A Kersten, Bernard Metz
The demand for improved pertussis vaccines is urgent due to the resurgence of whooping cough. A deeper understanding of the mode of action of pertussis vaccines is required to achieve this improvement. The vaccine-induced effects of a candidate outer membrane vesicle vaccine (omvPV) and a classical protective but reactogenic whole cell vaccine (wPV) were comprehensively compared in mice. The comparison revealed essential qualitative and quantitative differences with respect to immunogenicity and adverse effects for these vaccines...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905333/effect-of-cataract-surgery-on-intraocular-pressure-in-supine-and-lateral-decubitus-body-postures
#18
Ji-Hye Park, Chungkwon Yoo, Jong-Suk Song, Shan C Lin, Yong Yeon Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of phacoemulsification on intraocular pressure (IOP) in different recumbent body postures including supine and lateral decubitus (LD) positions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, observational study included patients who had no glaucoma and who had planned to undergo phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation in one eye. Before and 1 month after cataract surgery, IOP was measured in both eyes using the Tono-Pen AVIA...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900858/rapid-identification-of-triphenylmethane-dyes-by-ion-mobility-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#19
Alexey A Sysoev, Sergey S Poteshin, Denis M Chernyshev, Alexander A Sysoev
An ion mobility time-of-flight mass spectrometry (IM-TOFMS)-based method has been preliminarily investigated for the identification of triphenylmethane ballpoint pen dyes on paper. The dyes were sampled from one-year-old ballpoint pen ink entries. The entries were written on paper documents stored in the dark in a bookcase. Sample solutions were prepared by extraction of dyes in a vial. Basic violet 2, Methyl violet 6B, Methyl violet 2B and Crystal violet were characterized by IM-TOFMS. Since the ballpoint ink dyes contain ionic compounds, the studied compounds were expected to form stable peaks in the atmospheric pressure drift tube ion mobility spectrometry, and this was experimentally verified...
2016: European Journal of Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899852/baseline-hemoglobin-levels-associated-with-one-year-mortality-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients
#20
Cheng-Wei Liu, Pen-Chih Liao, Kuo-Chin Chen, Jung-Cheng Hsu, Ai-Hsien Li, Chung-Ming Tu, Yen-Wen Wu
BACKGROUND: The association between hemoglobin (Hb) levels and mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to examine the mortality among STEMI patients with anemia or erythrocytosis, and further establish the relationship between mortality and the increment of Hb level. METHODS: Between 2006 and 2012, 951 consecutive patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention in a medical center in Northern Taiwan were enrolled in our study, including 535 patients with normal Hb level, 148 with anemia (male Hb ≤ 13 g/dl, female ≤ 12) and 268 with erythrocytosis (male Hb ≥ 16, female ≥ 15)...
November 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
keyword
keyword
66539
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"