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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926942/the-semi-synthetic-peptide-lin-sb056-1-in-combination-with-edta-exerts-strong-antimicrobial-and-antibiofilm-activity-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-conditions-mimicking-cystic-fibrosis-sputum
#1
Giuseppantonio Maisetta, Lucia Grassi, Semih Esin, Ilaria Serra, Mariano A Scorciapino, Andrea C Rinaldi, Giovanna Batoni
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major cause of chronic lung infections in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The ability of the bacterium to form biofilms and the presence of a thick and stagnant mucus in the airways of CF patients largely contribute to antibiotic therapy failure and demand for new antimicrobial agents able to act in the CF environment. The present study investigated the anti-P. aeruginosa activity of lin-SB056-1, a recently described semi-synthetic antimicrobial peptide, used alone and in combination with the cation chelator ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926341/maternal-plasma-lpcat-1-mrna-correlates-with-lamellar-body-count
#2
Robert A Welch, Maurice-Andre Recanati, Kathryn C Welch, Michael K Shaw
Human lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase 1 (hLPCAT1) is a protein which helps produce surfactant in the fetal lung. We previously reported that levels of cell-free fetal mRNA for hLPCAT1 in amniotic fluid are correlated with lamellar body count (LBC) (r2=0.93). This short communication demonstrates that fetal hLPCAT1 mRNA is also present in maternal blood. Its quantity also correlates with amniotic fluid LBC (r2=0.81). Research in maternal plasma hLPCAT1 may assist in understanding fetal and placental maturational processes...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920101/potential-therapeutic-targets-in-nrf2-dependent-protection-against-neonatal-respiratory-distress-disease-predicted-by-cdna-microarray-analysis-and-bioinformatics-tools
#3
Hye-Youn Cho, Xuting Wang, Jianying Li, Douglas A Bell, Steven R Kleeberger
Hyperoxia exposure of newborn rodents has served as a model for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) phenotypes found in a sub-population of human premature infants. We previously demonstrated that Nrf2 modulates molecular events during saccular-to-alveolar lung maturation and also has a protective role in the pathogenesis of hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury, mortality, arrest of saccular-to-alveolar transition, and lung injury, using Nrf2-deficient and wild-type neonate mice. In this review, we describe how whole-genome transcriptome analyses can identify the means through which Nrf2 transcriptionally modulates organ injury and morphology, cellular growth/proliferation, vasculature development, and immune response during BPD-like pathogenesis...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915609/polymorphisms-of-pri-mir-219-1-are-associated-with-the-susceptibility-and-prognosis-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-a-northeast-chinese-population
#4
Chang Zheng, Xuelian Li, Lingzi Xia, Xue Fang, Xiaowei Quan, Zhihua Yin, Yuxia Zhao, Baosen Zhou
Occurrence and development of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a complex process affected both by gene and environment. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in microRNAs' (miRNAs) biogenesis influenced the expression of mature miRNAs, further had an impact on risk of NSCLC. Our study focused on the correlation between rs213210, rs421446 or rs107822 polymorphisms in pri-miR-219-1 and susceptibility or prognosis of NSCLC in Chinese. A case-control study of 405 new-diagnosis patients and 405 controls was performed...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915528/-antenatal-steroid-therapy-in-threatened-premature-birth-state-of-the-art
#5
Dimitra Stavropoulou, Roland Hentschel
The aim of this work is to provide an overview of the recommendations in the current literature for the induction of lung maturation therapy. In particular, special attention is focused on specific situations, such as chorioamnionitis, intrauterine growth retardation and preeclampsia, which often lead to premature birth. Additionally, some aspects of antenatal steroid therapy, despite its widespread use, still require clarification. Among them is the repetitive administration of steroid therapy. On the basis of the Cochrane analysis of 2015, advantages and disadvantages for children and pregnant women are explained...
September 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912507/fast-track-development-of-an-in-vitro-3d-lung-immune-cell-model-to-study-aspergillus-infections
#6
P Chandorkar, W Posch, V Zaderer, M Blatzer, M Steger, C G Ammann, U Binder, M Hermann, P Hörtnagl, C Lass-Flörl, D Wilflingseder
To study interactions of airborne pathogens, e.g. Aspergillus (A.) fumigatus with upper and lower respiratory tract epithelial and immune cells, we set up a perfused 3D human bronchial and small airway epithelial cell system. Culturing of normal human bronchial or small airway epithelial (NHBE, SAE) cells under air liquid interphase (ALI) and perfusion resulted in a significantly accelerated development of the lung epithelia associated with higher ciliogenesis, cilia movement, mucus-production and improved barrier function compared to growth under static conditions...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912381/invariant-natural-killer-t-cells-promote-immunogenic-maturation-of-lung-dendritic-cells-in-mouse-models-of-asthma
#7
Qing He, Linlin Liu, Qiaoyu Yang, Ailing Wang, Shuo Chen, Ruiyun Li, Yi Huang, Guqin Zhang, Xuhong Ding, Hongying Yu, Suping Hu, Hanxiang Nie
Our previous study showed that invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells might act as an adjuvant to promote Th2 inflammatory responses in an OVA-induced mouse model of allergic asthma, but the mechanism remains unknown. To clarify the underlying mechanism through which iNKT cells promote Th2 inflammatory responses, we investigated the modulatory influence of iNKT cells on phenotypic and functional maturation of lung dendritic cells (LDCs) using iNKT cell-knockout mice, specific iNKT cell activation, co-culture experiments, and adoptive transfer of iNKT cells in mouse models of asthma...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910374/expression-of-surfactant-protein-b-is-dependent-on-cell-density-in-h441-lung-epithelial-cells
#8
Markus Fehrholz, Silvia Seidenspinner, Steffen Kunzmann
BACKGROUND: Expression of surfactant protein (SP)-B, which assures the structural stability of the pulmonary surfactant film, is influenced by various stimuli, including glucocorticoids; however, the role that cell-cell contact plays in SP-B transcription remains unknown. The aim of the current study was to investigate the impact of cell-cell contact on SP-B mRNA and mature SP-B expression in the lung epithelial cell line H441. METHODS: Different quantities of H441 cells per growth area were either left untreated or incubated with dexamethasone...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902364/functional-roles-of-c-ebp%C3%AE-and-sumo%C3%A2-modification-in-lung-development
#9
Yuan-Dong Chen, Jiang-Yan Liu, Yan-Min Lu, Hai-Tao Zhu, Wei Tang, Qiu-Xia Wang, Hong-Yan Lu
CCAAT enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPα) is a transcription factor regulating the core aspects of cell growth and differentiation. The present study investigated the level and functional role of C/EBPα during the development of the rat lung. C/EBPα protein exhibits a dynamic expression pattern. The correlation between the expression of C/EBPα protein and the content of glycogen during lung maturation was analyzed to understand the function of C/EBPα in lung differentiation. The high expression of C/EBPα coincides with the reduction of glycogen in the fetal lung...
August 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899494/intranasal-co-administration-of-1-8-cineole-with-influenza-vaccine-provide-cross-protection-against-influenza-virus-infection
#10
Yun Li, Yu-Ling Xu, Yan-Ni Lai, Shang-Hui Liao, Ni Liu, Pei-Ping Xu
BACKGROUND: Vaccination is the most efficient means for protection against influenza. However, the various vaccines have low efficacy to protect against pandemic strains because of antigenic drift and recombination of influenza virus. Adjuvant therapy is one of the attempts to improve influenza vaccine effective cross-protection against influenza virus infection. Our previous study confirmed that 1,8-cineole inhibits the NF-κB, reduces pro-inflammatory cytokines, and relieves the pathological changes of viral pneumonia in mice infected with influenza virus...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893276/imipramine-blocks-acute-silicosis-in-a-mouse-model
#11
Rupa Biswas, Kevin L Trout, Forrest Jessop, Jack R Harkema, Andrij Holian
BACKGROUND: Inhalation of crystalline silica is associated with pulmonary inflammation and silicosis. Although silicosis remains a prevalent health problem throughout the world, effective treatment choices are limited. Imipramine (IMP) is a FDA approved tricyclic antidepressant drug with lysosomotropic characteristics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential for IMP to reduce silicosis and block phagolysosome membrane permeabilization. METHODS: C57BL/6 alveolar macrophages (AM) exposed to crystalline silica ± IMP in vitro were assessed for IL-1β release, cytotoxicity, particle uptake, lysosomal stability, and acid sphingomyelinase activity...
September 11, 2017: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891938/time-course-of-the-phenotype-of-blood-and-bone-marrow-monocytes-and-macrophages-in-the-lung-after-cigarette-smoke-exposure-in-vivo
#12
Camila Oliveira da Silva, Andréa Monte-Alto-Costa, Mariana Renovato-Martins, Filipe Jorge Viana Nascimento, Samuel Dos Santos Valença, Vincent Lagente, Luís Cristóvão Pôrto, Tatiana Victoni
Alveolar macrophages play a central role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Monocytes are recruited from blood during inflammation and then mature into alveolar macrophages. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cigarette smoke (CS) at different times in lung macrophages and monocytes from blood and bone marrow in mice. Male mice (C57BL/6, n = 45) were divided into groups: control, CS 5 days, CS 14 days and CS 30 days. Five days' CS exposure induced a pronounced influx of neutrophils and macrophages in the lung associated with increased levels of keratinocyte chemoattractant (KC), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), nitric oxide (NO) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-12...
September 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888924/mesothelin-specific-immune-responses-predict-survival-of-patients-with-brain-metastasis
#13
Liu Zhenjiang, Martin Rao, Xiaohua Luo, Elisabeth Sandberg, Jiri Bartek, Esther Schoutrop, Anna von Landenberg, Qingda Meng, Davide Valentini, Thomas Poiret, Georges Sinclair, Inti-Harvey Peredo, Ernest Dodoo, Markus Maeurer
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced malignancies, e.g. lung cancer, ovarian cancer or melanoma, frequently present with brain metastases. Clinical presentation and disease progression of cancer is in part shaped by the interaction of the immune system with malignant cells. Antigen-targeted immune responses have been implicated in the prolonged survival of patients with cancer. This includes the tumor-associated antigen (TAA) mature mesothelin, a 40kDa cell surface-bound antigen that is overexpressed in several malignancies including lung ovarian and pancreatic cancer...
August 30, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886691/impaired-response-of-the-bronchial-epithelium-to-inflammation-characterizes-severe-equine-asthma
#14
Laurence Tessier, Olivier Côté, Mary Ellen Clark, Laurent Viel, Andrés Diaz-Méndez, Simon Anders, Dorothee Bienzle
BACKGROUND: Severe equine asthma is a naturally occurring lung inflammatory disease of mature animals characterized by neutrophilic inflammation, bronchoconstriction, mucus hypersecretion and airway remodeling. Exacerbations are triggered by inhalation of dust and microbial components. Affected animals eventually are unable of aerobic performance. In this study transcriptomic differences between asthmatic and non-asthmatic animals in the response of the bronchial epithelium to an inhaled challenge were determined...
September 8, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886270/airway-epithelial-barrier-dysfunction-in-the-pathogenesis-and-prognosis-of-respiratory-tract-diseases-in-childhood-and-adulthood
#15
Hasan Yuksel, Ahmet Turkeli
The lungs are in direct contact with the environment through the tubular structure that constitutes the airway. Starting from the nasal orifice, the airway is exposed to foreign particles including infectious agents, allergens, and other substances that can damage the airways. Therefore, the airway must have a functional epithelial barrier both in the upper and lower airways to protect against these threats. As with the skin, it is likely that the pathogenesis of respiratory diseases is a consequence of epithelial barrier defects in these airways...
August 16, 2017: Tissue Barriers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883045/breath-to-breath-variability-of-exhaled-co2-as-a-marker-of-lung-dysmaturity-in-infancy
#16
Sotirios Fouzas, Ilias Theodorakopoulos, Edgar Wilfried Delgado-Eckert, Philipp Latzin, Urs Frey
The concept of diffusional screening implies that breath-to-breath variations in CO2 clearance, when related to the variability of breathing, may contain information on the quality and utilization of the available alveolar surface. We explored the validity of the above hypothesis in a cohort of young infants of comparable post-menstrual age but born at different stages of lung maturity, namely, in term-born infants (N = 128), preterm-born infants without chronic lung disease of infancy (CLDI) (N = 53) and preterm infants with moderate/severe CLDI (N = 87)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877064/desmoplastic-pattern-at-the-tumor-front-defines-poor-prognosis-subtypes-of-colorectal-cancer
#17
Hideki Ueno, Yukihide Kanemitsu, Shigeki Sekine, Megumi Ishiguro, Eisaku Ito, Yojiro Hashiguchi, Fukuo Kondo, Hideyuki Shimazaki, Satsuki Mochizuki, Yoshiki Kajiwara, Eiji Shinto, Junji Yamamoto
Although recent findings of cancer biology research indicate that prognostic power arises from genes expressed by stromal cells rather than epithelial cells, desmoplastic reaction (DR) has not been completely examined as a prognostic marker for colorectal cancer. A pathologic review of 821 stage II and III patients who underwent R0 resection for colorectal cancer at 4 independent institutions was conducted. DR was classified as mature, intermediate, or immature based on the existence of hyalinized keloid-like collagen and myxoid stroma at the extramural desmoplastic front...
September 4, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876535/pre-and-postnatal-lung-development-an-updated-species-comparison
#18
REVIEW
Geertje Lewin, Mark E Hurtt
The purpose of this review is to give an outline of respiratory tract morphological and functional development with an emphasis on perinatal and postnatal maturational processes. In view of the rising need for qualitative and quantitative data for the development of pediatric pharmaceuticals, a comparison of the human situation to experimental animal models is made, and functional data as well as suitable models for human airway diseases and functional testing are presented. Birth Defects Research, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc...
September 6, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861951/encapsulation-of-hydrophilic-and-hydrophobic-peptides-into-hollow-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-for-enhancement-of-antitumor-immune-response
#19
Jun Xie, Chaohua Yang, Qianqian Liu, Jun Li, Ruijing Liang, Chen Shen, Yi Zhang, Ke Wang, Liping Liu, Khurram Shezad, Martin Sullivan, Yong Xu, Guanxin Shen, Juan Tao, Jintao Zhu, Zhiping Zhang
Codelivery of combinational antigenic peptides and adjuvant to antigen presenting cells is expected to amplify tumor specific T lymphocytes immune responses while minimizing the possibility of tumor escaping and reducing immune tolerance to single antigenic peptide. However, the varied hydrophobicities of these multivariant derived short antigenic peptides limit their codelivery efficiency in conventional delivery systems. Here, a facile yet effective route is presented to generate monodisperse and stable hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HMSNs) for codelivering of HGP10025-33 and TRP2180-188 , two melanoma-derived peptides with varied hydrophobicities...
September 1, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860525/glucocorticoids-are-lower-at-delivery-in-maternal-but-not-cord-blood-of-obese-pregnancies
#20
Laura I Stirrat, George Just, Natalie Z M Homer, Ruth Andrew, Jane E Norman, Rebecca M Reynolds
Glucocorticoids are vital for lung maturation. We previously showed that cortisol is lower in obese pregnancy. Whether this is maintained at delivery is unknown but is clinically relevant as maternal and cord blood cortisol levels are correlated and offspring of obese are more likely to need neonatal respiratory support. We hypothesized that glucocorticoids are lower in maternal and cord blood at delivery in obese pregnancies. Glucocorticoids (cortisol and corticosterone) and their inactive versions (cortisone and 11-dehydrocorticosterone) were measured by LC-MS/MS in maternal and cord plasma from 259 Caucasian women at delivery (BMI 18-55 kg/m(2))...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
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