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management of antidepressants and linezolid

Ankur Jindal, Radhakrishnan Mahesh, Baldev Kumar
Linezolid, an oxazolidinone class antibiotic is a reversible and nonselective inhibitor of monoamine oxidase (MAO) enzyme, mainly for MAO-A subtype. Its antidepressant-like effect has been previously demonstrated in the rodent models of depression. MAO-A enzyme has been shown to play a role in the pathophysiology of anxiety disorders and inhibition of MAO-A in the brain could be used to treat anxiety disorders. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the putative anxiolytic effects of linezolid in rodent models of anxiety...
January 10, 2013: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Vanthida Huang, Justine S Gortney
Linezolid, an antimicrobial used to treat resistant gram-positive bacteria, can inhibit monoamine oxidase, an enzyme that metabolizes serotonin and other biogenic amines. Inhibition of this enzyme can predispose patients who are concomitantly taking serotonin agonists to serotonin syndrome. Because of the potential of linezolid to inhibit monoamine oxidase, premarketing studies were conducted with drugs such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. No cases of serotonin syndrome were recorded. After linezolid was released to the United States market, several case reports of serotonin syndrome emerged...
December 2006: Pharmacotherapy
Jeffrey M Weinberg, Noah S Scheinfeld
Over the past several years there have been many advances in the diagnosis and treatment of cutaneous infectious diseases. This review focuses on the three major topics of interest in the geriatric population: herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), onychomycosis, and recent advances in antibacterial therapy. Herpes zoster in adults is caused by reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) that causes chickenpox in children. For many years acyclovir was the gold standard of antiviral therapy for the treatment of patients with herpes zoster...
2003: Dermatologic Therapy
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