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Childbirth Pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693036/factors-involved-in-selecting-the-birth-type-among-primiparous-women
#1
Ali Safari-Moradabadi, Azin Alavi, Asiyeh Pormehr-Yabandeh, Tasnim Eghbal Eftekhaari, Sakineh Dadipoor
BACKGROUND: Mortality and disability rates were reported to be respectively 2-3 and 5-10 times higher in C-sections compared to Vaginal delivery. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to explore the factors involved in selecting the birth type among primiparous women. METHODS: The present cross-sectional research was conducted on 220 primiparous women, who visited the health-care centers of Bandar Abbas. They were recruited in their first trimester of pregnancy with a simple randomized clustering method...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685345/the-nature-of-labour-pain-an-updated-review-of-the-literature
#2
Laura Y Whitburn, Lester E Jones, Mary-Ann Davey, Susan McDonald
BACKGROUND: The pain experience associated with labour is complex. Literature indicates psychosocial and environmental determinants of labour pain, and yet methods to support women usually target physiological attributes via pharmacological interventions. AIM: To provide an update of our understanding of labour pain based on modern pain science. The review aims to help explain why women can experience labour pain so differently - why some cope well, whilst others experience great suffering...
April 20, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675890/the-prevalence-and-potential-determinants-of-dysmenorrhoea-and-other-pelvic-pain-in-women-a-prospective-study
#3
Antoinette Righarts, Lauren Osborne, Jennie Connor, Wayne Gillett
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of pelvic pain, and model associations with potential demographic, obstetric, gynaecological, and psychosocial determinants. DESIGN, SETTING AND SAMPLE: A cohort study of women born between 1972-1973 in Dunedin, New Zealand, most recently assessed when aged 38 years (95% of survivors retained); 429 women were eligible for analysis. METHODS: Women self-completed reproductive health questionnaires at ages 21, 26, 32 and 38 years, with questions on dysmenorrhoea at ages 13 and 15, and on all pelvic pain at age 38...
April 19, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658763/the-birth-experiences-questionnaire-a-brief-measure-assessing-psychosocial-dimensions-of-childbirth
#4
Darby Saxbe, Katelyn Taline Horton, Ann Bryna Tsai
Childbirth is an important life event that has been understudied by psychologists. Parents may find birth to be stressful, painful, and frightening, or feel supported and calm. Birth experiences can be shaped both by preexisting psychological vulnerabilities and by medical events that occur during childbirth. The birth experience may influence both parent and child well-being, helping to shape the health of the new family. This paper introduces the Birth Experiences Questionnaire (BEQ), a brief 10-item measure designed to assess stress, fear, and partner support during birth...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626217/axillary-accessory-breast-optimal-time-for-operation
#5
Sung Ryul Lee, Seung Geun Lee, Geon Young Byun, Myoung Jin Kim, Bum Hwan Koo
BACKGROUND: Accessory breasts are usually located in the axilla. Symptoms associated with an axillary accessory breast (AAB) may newly develop or worsen after pregnancy. After childbirth, AAB engorgement and hyperplasia may occur due to milk formation. We evaluated the optimal time for AAB excision and assessed variations in clinical presentations and surgical outcomes associated with pregnancy. METHODS: In total, 540 women whose symptoms began from puberty and underwent AAB excision were retrospectively analyzed...
April 6, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589650/relaxation-techniques-for-pain-management-in-labour
#6
REVIEW
Caroline A Smith, Kate M Levett, Carmel T Collins, Mike Armour, Hannah G Dahlen, Machiko Suganuma
BACKGROUND: Many women would like to avoid pharmacological or invasive methods of pain management in labour and this may contribute to the popularity of complementary methods of pain management. This review examined currently available evidence on the use of relaxation therapies for pain management in labour. This is an update of a review first published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of mind-body relaxation techniques for pain management in labour on maternal and neonatal well-being during and after labour...
March 28, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589380/massage-reflexology-and-other-manual-methods-for-pain-management-in-labour
#7
REVIEW
Caroline A Smith, Kate M Levett, Carmel T Collins, Hannah G Dahlen, Carolyn C Ee, Machiko Suganuma
BACKGROUND: Many women would like to avoid pharmacological or invasive methods of pain management in labour, and this may contribute towards the popularity of complementary methods of pain management. This review examined the evidence currently available on manual methods, including massage and reflexology, for pain management in labour. This review is an update of the review first published in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect, safety and acceptability of massage, reflexology and other manual methods to manage pain in labour...
March 28, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587728/anatomical-landmarks-of-the-intra-pelvic-side-wall-as-sources-of-pain-in-women-with-and-without-pregnancy-related-chronic-pelvic-pain-after-childbirth-a-descriptive-study
#8
Thomas Torstensson, Stephen Butler, Anne Lindgren, Magnus Peterson, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar, Margaretha Eriksson, Per Kristiansson
BACKGROUND: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) affects 15-24% of women and can have a devastating impact on quality of life. Laparoscopy is often used in the investigation, although in one third of the examinations there is no visible pathology and the women may be dismissed without further investigation. Also, the contribution of skeletal, muscular, periosteal and ligamentous tissues to CPP remains to be further elucidated. The objective of the present study was to compare pain intensity provoked from anatomical landmarks of the intra-pelvic side-wall in women with pregnancy-related CPP after childbirth and women without such pain...
March 27, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583056/effect-of-an-educational-program-based-on-cognitive-behavioral-techniques-on-fear-of-childbirth-and-the-birth-process
#9
Tuba Uçar, Zehra Golbasi
OBJECTIVE: This study determined the effect of an educational program based on cognitive behavioral techniques (CBT) provided for pregnant women to address their fear of childbirth. METHODS: This study was conducted experimentally using pretest-posttest and a control group. A total of 111 Turkish pregnant women were recruited with 52 in the intervention group and 59 in the control group. The intervention group attended the educational program on coping with childbirth fears based on CBT, which took 3 weeks over six sessions...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580964/obstetric-patients-health-related-quality-of-life-before-and-after-intensive-care
#10
Seppänen Pia, Sund Reijo, Ala-Kokko Tero, Roos Mervi, Uotila Jukka, Helminen Mika, Suominen Tarja
BACKGROUND: Intensive care admissions during pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum period are relatively well investigated. However, very little is known about these obstetric patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL) before and after critical care. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess obstetric patients' HRQoL before intensive care admission (baseline) and at 6 months after discharge (follow-up) DESIGN: This was a retrospective database study...
March 23, 2018: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553965/efficacy-of-an-ergonomic-ankle-support-aid-for-squatting-position-in-improving-pushing-skills-and-birth-outcomes-during-the-second-stage-of-labor-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Yu-Ching Lin, Meei-Ling Gau, Ghi-Hwei Kao, Hung-Chang Lee
BACKGROUND: The physical positions that are adopted by women during childbirth significantly impact their childbirth outcomes and experiences. Literature studies have associated using a squatting position with reduced childbirth pain and increased comfort and pushing efficiency. However, the major disadvantage of the squatting position is that women may lack the muscular fitness and stamina necessary to sustain this position for a long period. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the pushing experiences and birth outcomes of three different pushing positions during the second stage of labor...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538385/clients-satisfaction-with-quality-of-childbirth-services-a-comparative-study-between-public-and-private-facilities-in-limuru-sub-county-kiambu-kenya
#12
Clarice Okumu, Boniface Oyugi
BACKGROUND: This study intended to compare the clients' satisfaction with the quality of childbirth services in a private and public facility amongst mothers who have delivered within the last twenty four to seventy hours. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional comparative research design with both quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis methods. Data were collected through a focused group discussion guide and structured questionnaire collecting information on clients' satisfaction with quality of childbirth services...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524772/-a-worse-nightmare-than-expected-a-swedish-qualitative-study-of-women-s-experiences-two-months-after-obstetric-anal-sphincter-muscle-injury
#13
Maria Lindqvist, Margareta Persson, Margareta Nilsson, Eva Uustal, Inger Lindberg
OBJECTIVE: this study explores women's experiences of the first two months after obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS) during childbirth with a focus on problematic recovery. METHODS: this qualitative study used inductive qualitative content analysis to investigate open-ended responses from 1248 women. The data consists of short and comprehensive written responses to open-ended questions focusing on recovery in the national quality register, the Perineal Laceration Register, two months after OASIS at childbirth...
February 20, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522416/lipedema-friend-and-foe
#14
Yanira Sanchez-De la Torre, Rita Wadeea, Victoria Rosas, Karen L Herbst
Background Lipedema is a chronic disorder presenting in women during puberty or other times of hormonal change such as childbirth or menopause, characterized by symmetric enlargement of nodular, painful subcutaneous adipose tissue (fat) in the limbs, sparing the hands, feet and trunk. Healthcare providers underdiagnose or misdiagnose lipedema as obesity or lymphedema. Materials and methods The benefits (friend) and negative aspects (foe) of lipedema were collected from published literature, discussions with women with lipedema, and institutional review board approved evaluation of medical charts of 46 women with lipedema...
March 9, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517300/fine-tuning-fear-of-childbirth-the-relationship-between-childbirth-fear-questionnaire-subscales-and-demographic-and-reproductive-variables
#15
Nichole Fairbrother, Dana S Thordarson, Kathrin Stoll
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study was to investigate the relationship between the newly developed Childbirth Fear Questionnaire (CFQ) and demographic and reproductive variables. BACKGROUND: The CFQ was developed in an effort to improve measurement and understanding of women's childbirth fears. To our knowledge the CFQ is the only multidimensional measure of childbirth fears in which (a) multiple domains of childbirth fear are assessed and (b) individual subscales have been psychometrically developed...
February 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512230/non-pharmacological-interventions-during-childbirth-for-pain-relief-anxiety-and-neuroendocrine-stress-parameters-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Angelita José Henrique, Maria Cristina Gabrielloni, Patricia Rodney, Márcia Barbieri
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effect of warm shower hydrotherapy and perineal exercises with a ball on pain, anxiety, and neuroendocrine stress parameters during childbirth. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted with 128 women during childbirth, admitted for hospital birth in São Paulo, Brazil, from June 2013 to February 2014. The participants were randomly assigned into one of the following intervention groups: received warm shower hydrotherapy (GA); performed perineal exercises with a ball (GB); and combined intervention group, which received warm shower hydrotherapy and perineal exercises with a ball (GC) (n = 39)...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493566/cluster-headache
#17
REVIEW
Arne May, Todd J Schwedt, Delphine Magis, Patricia Pozo-Rosich, Stefan Evers, Shuu-Jiun Wang
Cluster headache is an excruciating, strictly one-sided pain syndrome with attacks that last between 15 minutes and 180 minutes and that are accompanied by marked ipsilateral cranial autonomic symptoms, such as lacrimation and conjunctival injection. The pain is so severe that female patients describe each attack as worse than childbirth. The past decade has seen remarkable progress in the understanding of the pathophysiological background of cluster headache and has implicated the brain, particularly the hypothalamus, as the generator of both the pain and the autonomic symptoms...
March 1, 2018: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489987/practices-and-obstetric-interventions-in-women-from-a-state-in-the-northeast-of-brazil
#18
Daniela Siqueira Prado, Rosemar Barbosa Mendes, Rosana Queiroz Gurgel, Ikaro Daniel de Carvalho Barreto, Felipa Daiana Bezerra, Rosana Cipolotti, Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel
OBJECTIVE: To describe practices and interventions used during labor and childbirth and factors associated with such practices in puerperae in the state of Sergipe. METHOD: A cross-sectional study with 768 postpartum women from 11 maternity hospitals interviewed 6 hours after delivery, and hospital records review. The associations between best practices and interventions used during labor and delivery with exposure variables were described using simple frequencies, percentages, crude and adjusted odds ratio (ORa) with the confidence interval...
December 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484511/when-fear-of-childbirth-is-pathological-the-fear-continuum
#19
Léa Poggi, Nelly Goutaudier, Natalène Séjourné, Henri Chabrol
OBJECTIVES: Given that prepartum psychiatric symptoms have been reported to be associated with postpartum disorders, focusing on the prepartum period appears of prime importance. The aim of the current study was threefold: (a) to identify the prevalence rates of women suffering from fear of childbirth (FOC) and tokophobia (b) to explore the association between FOC, obstetrical and psychopathological variables and (c) to identify the independent predictors of the intensity of FOC symptoms, FOC and tokophobia...
February 26, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474225/a-model-to-predict-birth-stress-in-adolescents-within-72-hours-of-childbirth
#20
Cheryl A Anderson, John P Connolly
An organizing framework for understanding adolescent birth stress in immediate postpartum does not exist. Researchers evaluated adolescent birth stress within 72 hours postpartum via a modification of Slade's conceptual model of risk factors for posttraumatic stress (PTS). Birth stress was defined by negative birth appraisal and subjective distress. Precipitating factors pain management, partner presence, and delivery type, plus maintaining factor infant complications, predicted negative birth appraisal. Predisposing factors depression and prior trauma predicted subjective distress...
February 22, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
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