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Childbirth Pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024881/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-exploring-the-effects-of-antenatal-reflexology-on-labour-outcomes
#1
Julie Em Mccullough, Ciara Close, S Dianne Liddle, Marlene Sinclair, Ciara M Hughes
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the effects of antenatal reflexology on labour outcomes. DESIGN: secondary analysis of a pilot three-armed randomised controlled trial conducted between July 2012 and September 2013. SETTING: a large UK inner city hospital maternity department. PARTICIPANTS: ninety primiparous women with a singleton pregnancy experiencing low back and / or pelvic girdle pain. INTERVENTIONS: six weekly 30-minute reflexology treatments compared to sham (footbath) treatments or usual antenatal care only...
September 14, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987209/does-the-coping-assessment-for-laboring-moms-calm-scale-enhance-perception-of-nursing-presence
#2
Greta Horn, Darlene D'Angelo
Traditional 0-to-10 pain assessment may be inadequate during labor. The Coping Assessment for Laboring Moms (CALM) scale was developed to focus on facial, behavioral, psychosocial, vocalization, and verbal expressions to aid holistic nursing support during childbirth. Using a comparative design, the 0-to-10 pain and CALM scales were evaluated to determine differences in women's perceptions of nursing presence using the Positive Presence Index during labor at a community hospital in the Pacific Northwest. Positive Presence Index scores for knowing what would work best for me, comforting touch, taking care of everything so I could concentrate, and understanding what I was saying were significantly higher among women when nurses used the CALM tool to guide labor support...
October 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961642/comparison-of-the-effects-of-using-physiological-methods-and-accompanying-a-doula-in-deliveries-on-nulliparous-women-s-anxiety-and-pain-a-case-study-in-iran
#3
Ramin Ravangard, Aliye Basiri, Zahra Sajjadnia, Nasrin Shokrpour
Childbirth is a great moment in a woman's life and is inevitably influenced by emotional, social, and psychological stress. This study aimed to assess the anxiety and pain level of nulliparous women giving birth using physiological methods (without doula support) during labor and those women supported by a doula at Towhid Hospital of Jam, Bushehr, Iran in 2015. In this interventional study, 150 women were randomly assigned to either an intervention (with doula support) or a control group (with no doula support)...
September 28, 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959060/music-in-obstetrics-an-intervention-option-to-reduce-tension-pain-and-stress
#4
Verena Wulff, Philip Hepp, Tanja Fehm, Nora K Schaal
In recent years, the effect of music interventions and music therapy has experienced increased attention in the literature. It has been shown that music has positive effects on cognitive and physical performance, such as concentration and endurance, as well as on psychological parameters, such as anxiety and relaxation. Studies within the context of medicine in particular are increasingly indicating that music may be used as an intervention for relief against anxiety, stress and pain. Music is therefore seen in actual practice as a supplement to conventional pharmacological and non-pharmacological forms of treatment - and the trend is rising...
September 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943317/predictors-of-women-s-positive-childbirth-pain-experience-findings-from-an-icelandic-national-study
#5
Sigfridur Inga Karlsdottir, Herdis Sveinsdottir, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Thor Aspelund, Olof Asta Olafsdottir
BACKGROUND: Pain in childbirth has been identified as one of the major components in the childbirth experience and an important topic that needs to be addressed during pregnancy, birth and the after-birth period. AIM: The aim of the study was to describe women's childbirth pain experience and to identify predictors of women's positive childbirth pain experience. METHOD: A population-based cross-sectional cohort study design was implemented, with convenient consecutive sampling, stratified according to residency...
September 21, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942216/an-ethnography-on-perceptions-of-pain-in-dutch-natural-childbirth
#6
Katie Logsdon, Carolyn Smith-Morris
OBJECTIVE: this study offers insight into how women perceive childbirth pain and how they make decisions about whether to use an epidural during childbirth in the low technology context of the Netherlands maternity care system. DESIGN: ethnographic research consisting of participant observation at births and prenatal and postnatal appointments; semi-structured interviews with a sample of recently post-partum women; coding and triangulation of data to determine key themes in the interviews...
September 11, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937705/interventions-for-treating-genital-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-pregnancy
#7
REVIEW
Catherine Cluver, Natalia Novikova, David Oa Eriksson, Kevin Bengtsson, Göran K Lingman
BACKGROUND: Genital Chlamydia trachomatis (C.trachomatis) infection may lead to pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, preterm labour, low birthweight, preterm rupture of membranes, increased perinatal mortality, postpartum endometritis, chlamydial conjunctivitis and C.trachomatis pneumonia.This review supersedes a previous review on this topic. OBJECTIVES: To establish the most efficacious and best-tolerated therapy for treatment of genital chlamydial infection in preventing maternal infection and adverse neonatal outcomes...
September 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926443/recovery-after-nulliparous-birth-a-detailed-analysis-of-pain-analgesia-and-recovery-of-function
#8
Ryu Komatsu, Brendan Carvalho, Pamela D Flood
BACKGROUND: The majority of parturients in the United States first return for evaluation by their obstetric practitioner 6 weeks after delivery. As such, there is little granular data on the pain experience, analgesic requirements, and functional recovery during the postpartum period. This prospective observational study was performed to evaluate these factors to provide expectations for patients. METHODS: A total of 213 nulliparous women were enrolled and assessed daily until they completed 3 outcomes: (1) pain resolution; (2) opioid cessation; and (3) self-assessed functional recovery from delivery...
October 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923126/-drawing-aside-the-curtain-natural-childbirth-on-screen-in-1950s-britain
#9
Salim Al-Gailani
This article recovers the importance of film, and its relations to other media, in communicating the philosophies and methods of 'natural childbirth' in the post-war period. It focuses on an educational film made in South Africa around 1950 by controversial British physician Grantly Dick-Read, who had achieved international fame with bestselling books arguing that relaxation and education, not drugs, were the keys to freeing women from pain in childbirth. But he soon came to regard the 'vivid' medium of film as a more effective means of disseminating the 'truth of [his] mission' to audiences who might never have read his books...
September 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905802/coccygodynia-pathogenesis-diagnostics-and-therapy-review-of-the-writing
#10
Bogumiła Dampc, Krzysztof Słowiński
Coccygodynia is a problem with a small percentage (1%) of the population suffering from musculoskeletal disorders. This pain is often associated with trauma, falling on the tailbone, long cycling, or by women after childbirth. The reason for the described problem can be the actual morphological changes. Idiopathic coccygodynia causes therapeutic difficulties to specialists of many fields. Unsatisfactory treatment, including coccygectomy tends to seek new solutions. They belong to them techniques exploited in the manual therapy which in their spectrum hold: direct techniques - per rectum as well as indirect techniques taking into account distant structures of the motor organ, remaining in dense interactions with the coccygeal part...
August 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893291/preference-for-cesarean-section-in-young-nulligravid-women-in-eight-oecd-countries-and-implications-for-reproductive-health-education
#11
Kathrin H Stoll, Yvonne L Hauck, Soo Downe, Deborah Payne, Wendy A Hall
BACKGROUND: Efforts to reduce unnecessary Cesarean sections (CS) in high and middle income countries have focused on changing hospital cultures and policies, care provider attitudes and behaviors, and increasing women's knowledge about the benefits of vaginal birth. These strategies have been largely ineffective. Despite evidence that women have well-developed preferences for mode of delivery prior to conceiving their first child, few studies and no interventions have targeted the next generation of maternity care consumers...
September 12, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877749/women-s-determinant-factors-for-preferred-place-of-delivery-in-dodoma-region-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Agatha Fabian Ngowi, Switbert R Kamazima, Steven Kibusi, Ainory Gesase, Theodora Bali
BACKGROUND: Skilled birth attendance is one of the key factors in improving maternal health but less than 50% of women in sub-Saharan African countries do not have the opportunity to be attended to by skilled personnel during childbirth. The aim of the study was to assess the factors determining women's preference for a place to give birth in Dodoma Region, Tanzania. METHODS: This study employed a cross-sectional survey design using quantitative data collection and analysis methods...
September 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835130/adaptation-to-a-changed-body-experiences-of-living-with-long-term-pelvic-girdle-pain-after-childbirth
#13
Annelie Gutke, Jennifer Bullington, Madeleine Lund, Mari Lundberg
PURPOSE: To explore how women experience living with long-term pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine women with persistent pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain of 2-13 years were recruited by means of purposive sampling from long-term follow-up studies. The women were 28-42 years of age and had given birth to 2-3 children. Audio-taped in-depth interview with open-ended questions were used with the guiding question 'How do you experience living with pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain?'...
August 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810392/first-time-fathers-perception-of-their-childbirth-experiences
#14
Anne M Howarth, Kate M Scott, Nicola R Swain
Birth satisfaction impacts on a man's adjustment to his new role as father. Fathers have been found to have needs similar to those of mothers during pregnancy and childbirth. Research suggests that these needs may not be being met for first-time fathers. In a quantitative survey, fathers' birth satisfaction was similar to mothers. This study then used a phenomenological form of thematic analysis to gain an insight into the birth experiences of 155 first-time New Zealand fathers. Core themes included safety of mother and baby, understanding support role, mother in control and managing pain and care and communication after birth...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789827/women-s-and-men-s-negative-experience-of-child-birth-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Astrid Nystedt, Ingegerd Hildingsson
BACKGROUND: A negative birth experience may influence both women and men and can limit their process of becoming a parent. AIMS: This study aimed to analyze and describe women's and men's perceptions and experiences of childbirth. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of women and their partners living in one Swedish county were recruited in mid pregnancy and followed up two months after birth. Women (n=928) and men (n=818) completed the same questionnaire that investigated new parents' birth experiences in relation to socio-demographic background and birth related variables...
August 5, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756932/fear-of-childbirth-and-depressive-symptoms-among-postnatal-women-a-cross-sectional-survey-from-chhattisgarh-india
#16
Paridhi Jha, Margareta Larsson, Kyllike Christensson, Agneta Skoog Svanberg
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of Fear of Birth and postnatal depressive symptoms have not been explored in Chhattisgarh, India. OBJECTIVE: To validate Hindi Wijma Delivery Experience Questionnaire and to study the prevalence of Fear of Birth and depressive symptoms among postnatal women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey at seventeen public health facilities in two districts of Chhattisgarh, India among postnatal women who gave birth vaginally or through C-section to a live neonate...
July 27, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746555/the-color-of-pain-racial-iniquities-in-prenatal-care-and-childbirth-in-brazil
#17
Maria do Carmo Leal, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama, Ana Paula Esteves Pereira, Vanessa Eufrauzino Pacheco, Cleber Nascimento do Carmo, Ricardo Ventura Santos
Few studies on the influence of race/color on pregnancy and birthcare experiences have been carried out in Brazil. Additionally, none of the existing studies are of national scope. This study sought to evaluate inequities in prenatal and childbirth care according to race/color using propensity score matching. The data comes from the study Birth in Brazil: National Survey into Labor and Birth, a national population study comprised of interviews and revisions of medical records that included 23,894 women in 2011/2012...
July 24, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740421/renal-colic-and-childbirth-pain-female-experience-versus-male-perception
#18
Saiful Miah, Charlotte Gunner, Lucy Clayton, Suresh Venugopal, Nigel R Boucher, Bo Parys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727715/a-pilot-cross-sectional-study-of-postpartum-wrist-pain-in-an-urban-chinese-population-its-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#19
Regina W S Sit, Wing-Hung Tam, Dicken C C Chan, Benjamin H K Yip, Lucia W Y Tam, Lyan L Y Chow, Vincent C H Chung, Roger Y Chung, Samuel Y S Wong
BACKGROUND: Wrist pain after childbirth is commonly encountered in clinical practice. Little is known about the prevalence of this musculoskeletal disorder which is important to overall maternal health. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of and risk factors for de novo wrist pain in women after childbirth. STUDY DESIGN: A pilot cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A telephone interview was conducted 2 months after childbirth among women who delivered at a tertiary hospital in Hong Kong...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706547/factors-related-to-women-s-childbirth-satisfaction-in-physiologic-and-routine-childbirth-groups
#20
Elham Jafari, Parvin Mohebbi, Saeideh Mazloomzadeh
BACKGROUND: Women's satisfaction with childbirth is an important measure of the quality of maternity care services. This study aims to address factors related to women's childbirth satisfaction in physiological and routine childbirth groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted among 340 women in physiological and routine childbirth groups in 2012. Women were selected through convenience sampling method in the routine group and by census in the physiological group...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
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